Skip to main content

Full text of "Indiana in the Mexican War"

See other formats
















August  4,   1908.  J 

Received  by  the  Governor,  examined  and  referred  to  the  Auditor  of  State  for 
verification  of  the  financial  statement. 


INDIANAPOLIS,  August  4,   1908.  J 

The  within  report  contains  no  statement  of  moneys  drawn  from  the  State 


Auditor  of  State. 

August  4,   1908. 

Returned  by  the  Auditor  of  State,  with  above  certificate,  and  transmitted  to 
Secretary  of  State  for  publication,  upon  the  order  of  the  Board  of  Commissioners 
of  Public  Printing  and  Binding. 

Secretary  to  the  Governor. 

Filed  In  the  office  of  trie  Secretary  of  State  of  the  State  of  Indiana,  August 
4,  1908. 


Secretary  of  State. 

Received  the  within  report  and  delivered  to  the  printer  August  4,  1908. 


Clerk  Printing  Bureau. 


The  purpose  of  this  book  is  to  fill  a  gap  in  the  military 
history  of  the  State,  occasioned  by  the  failure  of  the  proper 
authorities  to  appreciate  the  importance  of  compiling  and 
preserving  the  record  of  its  volunteers  engaged  in  war. 

At  the  outbreak  of  the  Mexican  War  the  martial  spirit 
of  the  people  of  the  State  was  at  the  lowest  ebb.  There  was 
no  State  organization  of  militia,  no  arms,  no  equipment, 
and  apparently  not  a  soldier  in  sight.  The  probability  of 
war  and  the  necessity  of  preparing  for  it  had  occurred  to 
the  minds  of  but  few. 

The  position  of  Adjutant-General  was  looked  upon  as 
a  compliment,  a  peg  on  which  to  hang  a  title.  He  was  paid 
a  salary  of  $100.00  per  annum,  provided  his  own  office,  fuel 
and  stationery,  and  was  blissfully  ignorant  of  every  detail 
of  the  position.  Fortunately  for  the  reputation  of  the 
State,  the  incumbent,  General  David  Eeynolds,  was  a  man 
of  superior  executive  ability,  dauntless  in  all  emergencies, 
a  tireless  worker  and  blessed  with  an  abundance  of  com 
mon  sense,  which  largely  offset  his  lack  of  experience.  His 
success  in  rapidly  organizing  the  State's  quota  for  the  war 
had  no  parallel  at  that  time,  and  in  18-47  a  grateful  Legis 
lature  recognized  the  fact  by  adding  $150.00  to  his  salary 
for  that  year. 

In  1849  it  made  him  a  further  allowance  "for  services 
and  expenses  in  organizing  the  4th  and  5th  Regiments  of 
$183.00  per  month  for  four  months  and  twenty -three  days, 
and  ten  cents  a  mile  for  664  miles'  travel,"  but  required  of 
him  a  bond  in  the  sum  of  $1,000,  with  approved  security, 
that  he  would  return  to  the  State  Treasury  all  above 
$300.00  in  case  the  U.  S.  Government  failed  to'  pay  the  dif 
ference  to  the  State  within  two  years. 

The  first  call  for  volunteers  for  one  year  was  made 
on  the  22d  of  May,  1846,  and  old  Fort  Clark,  between  Jef- 



fersonville  and   New  Albany,  was  designated  a;s  the  ren 

At  that  time  there  was  but  one  railroad  in  the  State, 
running  between  Madison  and  Edinburg.  There  were  but 
few  improved  highways  and  no  telegraphs.  All  communi 
cation  was  by  mail,  mostly  carried  by  men  on  horseback, 
and  over  bad  roads.  There  were  no  daily  papers,  the  press 
services  being  rendered  by  small  weekly  sheets,  one  or  two 
to  the  county.  In  spite  of  these  handicaps  the  war  news 
traveled  fast.  The  Governor  issued  his  proclamation  on 
the  22d  of  May  and  the  Adjutant-General  his  General  Or 
der  No.  1  on  the  4th  of  June,  directing  the  companies  to 
assemble  at  the  rendezvous  as  soon  as  possible,  by  the 
shortest  route,  and  at  their  own  expense  for  transporta 
tion  and  subsistence. 

As  if  by  magic  the  roads  were  filled  with  marching 
men,  helped  on  by  patriotic  farmers,  who  furnished  teams 
for  transportation  and  whose  kind-hearted  wives  fed  the 
hungry  volunteers.  Notwithstanding  these  drawbacks,  the 
concentration  was  quickly  made,  and  by  the  10th  of  June, 
nineteen  days  after  the  call,  thirty  companies  had  reported 
at  camp  and  been  mustered  into  service,  while  an  overflow 
of  twenty-two  companies  reported  from  their  home  sta 
tions  clamoring  for  acceptance. 

At  the  expiration  of  the  term  of  service  of  the  1st,  2d 
and  3d  Regiments,  the  Government  accepted  the  services  of 
the  4th  and  5th  Regiments,  which  served  until  the  close  of 
the  war. 

No  less  remarkable  than  the  uprising  of  volunteers,  was 
the  patriotic  action  of  the  banks,  in  volunteering  to  supply 
the  Governor  with  the  needful  funds  and  take  the  chance 
of  reimbursement  by  the  State  or  General  Government, 
and  this  at  a  time  when  the  State  was  almost  hopelessly  in 
debt  and  had  defaulted  some  of  its  bonds. 

Everything  that  occurred  during  the  prosecution  of  the 
Mexican  War  was  creditable  to  the  State,  her  citizens  and 
the  volunteers,  and  should  have  been  made  a  matter  of  con 
venient  record  long  ago.  It  has  long  been  a  tradition  in  the 

State  that  Indiana  did  not  conduct  herself  well  in  Mexico, 
and  the  least  said  the  better.  The  facts  are  that  there  was 
absolutely  nothing  to  be  ashamed  of,  and  every  reason  why 
every  Hoosier  should  be  proud  of  the  record  of  Indiana 
in  the  Mexican  War. 

It  has  fallen  to  the  lot  of  the  writer,  in  his  official  ca 
pacity  as  Adjutant-General,  to  compile  these  facts,  and 
he  has  succeeded  beyond  his  expectations.  After  much  dig 
ging  and  delving  among  old,  unsatisfactory  histories  he 
had  recourse  to  the  papers  published  during  that  period, 
some  found  among  the  files  of  the  State  Library,  and  oth 
ers  in  the  hands  of  individuals.  The  plan  has  been  to  copy 
from  these  papers,  in  chronological  order,  every  item  re 
ferring  to  Indianians,  individually  and  collectively,  who 
had  any  part  in  the  war,  and  it  has  resulted  in  a  consecu 
tive,  coherent  narrative  of  patriotism,  courage  and  self- 
sacrifice  of  as  devoted  a  band  of  volunteers  as  ever  of 
fered  themselves  for  the  good  and  glory  of  our  country. 

It  corrects  whatever  misconceptions  may  have  been  in 
the  public  mind  relative  to  the  alleged  misconduct  of  one 
of  our  regiments  at  Buena  Vista,  and  places  the  responsi 
bility  on  the  shoulders  of  one  man,  the  Colonel,  who  lost 
heart  in  the  hour  of  victory  and  ordered  a  retreat,  and  who 
in  after  years  was  a  traitor  to  his  country. 

This  narrative  also  discloses  the  fact,  not  generally 
known,  that  Indiana  furnished  for  the  war  recruits  for  two 
whole  companies  for  the  16th  U.  S.  Infantry,  three  compa 
nies  of  U.  S.  Mounted  Riflemen  and  one  company  of  the 
1st  U.  S.  Dragoons,  while  over  three  hundred  Indianians, 
failing  of  acceptance  in  regiments  of  their  own  State, 
crossed  the  Ohio  River  and  took  service  in  Kentucky  regi 
ments.  It  is  to  be  regretted  that  the  names  of  these 
Hoosier  soldiers  could  not  be  obtained  for  publication  in 
this  volume,  the  task  of  hunting  them  up  being  a  greater 
one  than  the  War  Department  cared  to  undertake. 

The  failure  to  file  with  the  Adjutant-General  the  mus 
ter-in  and  muster-out  rolls  of  the  companies  engaged  in 
the  Mexican  War  has  been  a  source  of  continued  complaint 

on  the  part  of  those  interested,  but  until  this  time  nothing 
has  been  done  to  supply  the  deficiency.  Recently  an  appli 
cation  was  made  to  the  Adjutant-General  of  the  Army  for 
copies  of  these  rolls,  which  was  declined  because  the  rules 
of  the  Department  prohibit  it,  but  just  why  the  General 
Government  takes  such  a  stand  has  not  been  satisfactorily 

This  decision  of  the  Adjutant-General  threatened  the 
failure  of  this  work,  and  in  this  stress  an  appeal  was  made 
to  Hon.  Jesse  Overstreet,  M.  C.,  Seventh  District,  who  suc 
ceeded  in  obtaining  from  the  Hon.  B.  F.  Harper,  Auditor 
of  the  War  Department,  such  information  as  could  be  ob 
tained  from  the  pay-rolls,  and  which  is  published  in  the 
pages  of  this  volume.  While  the  record  is  incomplete,  be 
cause  of  failure  to  show  age  and  description  of  the  volun 
teer,  it  states  the  fact  of  his  services  in  an  unmistakable 

A  partial  record  of  the  men  of  the  U.  S.  Mounted  Rifle 
men  was  found  in  the  files  of  this  office,  which  was  sent  to 
the  office  of  the  Auditor  of  the  War  Department  for  such 
additional  information  as  could  be  found  and  is  also  pre 
sented  in  these  pages.  For  these  services  the  thanks  of 
this  Department  are  due  Mr.  Jesse  Overstreet,  Mr.  B.  F. 
Harper  and  his  assistant,  Major  Whipple. 

The  writer  is  also  under  many  obligations  to  Miss  Mary 
Moffatt  and  Miss  Florence  Venn,  reference  clerks  in  the 
State  Library,  who  have  rendered  very  efficient  aid. 

The  service  in  Mexico  was  a  school  for  soldiers  which 
produced  many  good  officers  for  the  War  for  the  Union. 
Among  those  who  attained  high  rank  the  following  names 
are  recorded : 


Captain  Robert  H.  Milroy,  Major-General,  U.  S.  Vols. 
Captain  John  M.  Wilson,  Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 
First  Lieutenant  William  L.  Brown,  Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 
First  Lieutenant  William  L.  Farrow,  Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 
Second  Lieutenant  George  Humphrey,  Colonel,   U.   S.  Vols. 
Second  Lieutenant  James  McMarroney,  Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 
Second  Lieutenant  A.  L.  Morrison,  Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 
Second  Lieutenant  Lew  Wallace,  Major-General,  IT.  S.  Vols. 


Captain  Henry  Davis,  Lieutenant-Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 
Captain  Nathan  Kiinball,  Brigadier-General,  U.  S.  Vols. 
Captain  John  Osborne,  Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 
Captain  L.   H.   Rosseau,    Major-General,   U.    S.    Vols. 
Captain  William  L.  Sanderson,  Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 
Captain  William  T.  Spicely,  Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 


Colonel  James  H.  Lane,  Brigadier-General,  U.  S.  Vols. 
Major  Willis  A.  Gorman,  Brigadier-General,  U.  S.  Vols. 
Captain  Scott  Carter,  Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 
Second  Lieutenant  Benjamin  Spooner.  Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 
Private  Thomas  A.  McNaught,  Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 


Lieutenant-Colonel  Ebenezer  Dumont,  Brigadier-General,  U.  S.  Vols. 

Captain  Jesse  Alexander,  Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 

First  Lieutenant  Albert  J.  Brackett,  Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 

First  Lieutenant  O.  H.  S.  Carey,  Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 

Second  Lieutenant  Benjamin  F.  Hayes,  Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 

Second  Lieutenant  Thos.  J.  Lucas,  Brigadier-General,  U.  S.  Vols. 


Captain  Mahlon  D.  Manson,  Brigadier-General,  U.  S.  Vols. 

Captain  David  Shunk,  Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 

Second  Lieutenant  William  C.  Kise,  Colonel,  U.  S.  Vols. 

It  is  also  well  known  that  a  large  number  of  enlisted 
men  of  the  Mexican  War  held  commissions  in  the  Union 
Army  during  the  Civil  War,  but  it  has  been  impossible  to 
secure  their  names  for  publication. 


Adjutant-General . 
Indianapolis,  Ind.,  August  1,  1908. 





WASHINGTON,   January  8,   1846. 

SIR — Your  attention  is  respectfully  called  to  the  importance  of  a  full 
and  prompt  compliance  on  your  part,  with  the  provisions  of  the  Act  of 
Congress  approved  March  2,  180:5,  making  it  the  duty  of  the  Adjutant- 
General  of  the  Militia  in  each  state  to  make  and  forward  returns  of  the 
Militia  of  the  State  to  which  he  belongs,  with  their  arms,  accoutrements 
and  ammunition,  to  the  President  of  the  United  States,  annually,  on  or 
before  the  first  Monday  in  January.  One  of  the  objects  had  in  view  by 
the  national  legislature,  was  the  establishing  of  a  uniform  system  of  Militia 
accountability,  an  object  which  has  not  been  accomplished.  In  the  first 
section  of  the  law  it  is  made  the  duty  of  the  Secretary  of  War,  from  time 
to  time,  to  give  such  directions  to  the  Adjutants-General  of  the  Militia  as 
shall,  in  his  opinion,  be  necessary  to  produce  a  uniformity  in  their  annual 
returns;  and  in  conformity  thereto,  as  long  ago  as  3829,  a  printed  form 
was  prescribed  and  duly  furnished  to  the  United  States  for  their  guidance 
in  making  up  the  required  returns,  accompanied  with  a  "circular"  from 
this  office,  dated  June  19,  1829.  It  is  regretted  that  the  measures  adopted 
by  the  War  Department  have  not,  as  yet,  resulted  in  securing  the  de 
sired  uniformity. 

In  some  of  the  States  the  use  of  the  printed  return  has  been  neg 
lected,  and  other  forms  instituted,  while  in  some  instances  errors  and 
omissions  in  filling  them  up  not  infrequently  occur;  and  a  majority  of 
the  States  fail  to  send  their  returns  within  the  time  prescribed  by  law. 
The  consequence  has  been  that  this  Department  could  furnish  Congress 
with  but  imperfect  abstracts  of  the  Militia  of  the  country. 

The  Secretary  of  War  expresses  the  hope  that,  hereafter,  you  will 
adopt  such  timely  measures  as  will  insure  the  receipt  of  your  returns, 
etc.,  not  later  than  the  first  Monday  in  January,  the  day  required  by 
law.  Last  year  there  were  only  seven  returns  received  by  the  first  Mon 
day  in  January,  and  this  year  but  eight. 

It  should  be  borne  in  mind  that  the  annual  distribution  of  arms,  etc., 
to  the  several  states  is  made  according  to  the  strength  of  the  Militia  duly 
reported  according  to  law.  It  is  therefore  the  interest  of  all  the  states 
to  make  full  returns  to  the  President  in  due  season  and  form,  in  order  to 
receive  the  greatest  benefit  derivable  from  the  general  system  of  arming 
the  Militia. 

Herewith    I   forward   printed  blank   returns   of   the   established   form. 
By  order  of  the  Secretary  of  War. 

Adjutant-General,  U.  S.  A. 

To  the  Adjutant-General  of  the  State  of  Indiana, 


AVASHINGTON,   June   19,   1829. 

SIR — Pursuant  to  the  provisions  of  the  Act  of  March  '2.  1803,  which 
requires  "the  Adjutant-General  of  the  Militia,  in  each  State,  to  make  re 
turn  of  the  Militia  of  the  State  to  which  he  belongs,  with  the  arms,  ac 
coutrements  and  ammunition.''  to  the  President  of  the  United  States, 
annually  on  or  before  the  first  Monday  in  January  in  each  year,  I  here 
with  respectfully  transmit  eight  blanks  of  the  established  form  in  order 
to  "produce  a  uniformity  in  the  said  returns." 

By  order  of  the  Secretary  of  War. 

(Signed)  K.  JONES, 

Adjutant-General  U.  S.  Army. 

To  the  Adjutant-General  of  each  State  and  Territory. 

Note — Please  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  this  communication. — K.   J. 

INDIANAPOLIS,  IND.,  January  25,  1846. 

SIR — Your  circular  of  the  8th  iiist.  and  blank  forms  have  been  duly 
received.  The  reason  the  strength  and  arms  of  this  State  have  not  been 
reported  as  required  by  the  Act  of  Congress  of  1803,  is  that  our  system  has 
so  far  gone  down  that  but  few  officers  hold  commissions  and  scarcely  any 
of  those  few  make  returns  to  this  office,  as  will  be  perceived  by  reference 
to  my  report  to  the  Governor  for  1845,  which  is  herewith  enclosed. 

I  also  enclose  to  you  the  report  of  the  Quartermaster-General  to  the 
Governor  for  the  year  1845,  which  will  give  you  an  idea  of  the  condition 
of  our  arms  on  hand.  There  are  other  arms  let  out  under  bonds,  not  in 
cluded  in  said  report,  but  to  what  amount  I  cannot  tell. 

The  dilapidated  state  of  our  military  system  is  a  matter  of  much  re 
gret.  I  trust  it  is  perceived  that  my  failure  to  return  our  strength,  etc., 
is  from  necessity  and  not  from  neglect.  Your  obedient  servant, 

Adjutant-General  Indiana  Militia. 

To  R.  Jones,  Adjutant-General  U.  S.  Army.  Washington  City,  D.  C. 


WASHINGTON.  February  4,  1846. 

SIR — I  have  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  letter  of  the  25th  ul 
timo,  reporting  your  inability,  from  causes  beyond  your  control,  to  make 
the  annual  returns  of  the  Militia  of  Indiana,  in  conformity  with  the  Act 
of  Congress  of  March  2,  1843. 

The  indifference  which  prevails  in  many  of  the  States  on  the  subject 
of  the  Militia  is  much  to  be  regretted.  Your  report  to  the  Governor  of  the 
29th  of  November  puts  the  matter  in  a  strong  light  as  respects  Indiana,  and 
it  is  hoped  may  stimulate  the  Legislature  to  correct  the  evils  complained 


of.     I  shall  take  pleasure  in  laying  your  report  before  the  Secretary  of 

I  am,  sir,  very  respectfully, 

Your  obedient  servant, 


Adjutant-General  U.  S~.  Army. 
Adjutant-General  D.  Reynolds,  Militia  of  Indiana,  Indianapolis. 


MAY  13,   1846. 

AN  ACT  providing  for  the  prosecution  of  the  existing  war  between  the 
United  States  and  the  Republic  of  Mexico. 

WHEREAS,  By  the  act  of  the  Republic  of  Mexico,  a  state  of  war  exists 
between  that  Government  and  the  United  States: 

Be  it  enacted  by  the  Senate  and  House  of  Representatives  of  the 
United  States  of  America  in  Congress  assembled,  That  for  the  purpose  of 
enabling  the  Government  of  the  United  States  to  prosecute  said  war  to  a 
speedy  and  successful  termination,  the  President  be  and  he  is  hereby  au 
thorized  to  employ  the  militia,  naval  and  military  forces  of  the  United 
States  and  to  call  for  and  accept  the  services  of  any  number  of  volunteers, 
not  exceeding  50,000,  who  may  offer  their  services,  either  as  cavalry,  artil 
lery,  infantry  or  riflemen,  to  serve  twelve  months  after  they  shall  have 
arrived  at  the  place  of  rendezvous,  or  to  the  end  of  the  war,  unless  sooner 
discharged,  according  to  the  time  for  which  they  shall  have  been  mus 
tered  into  service ;  and  that  the  sum  of  ten  millions  of  dollars  out  of  any 
moneys  in  the  treasury  or  to  come  into  the  treasury,  not  otherwise  appro 
priated,  be,  and  the  same  is  hereby  appropriated  for  the  purpose  of  carry 
ing  the  provisions  of  this  act  into  effect. 

Sec.  2.  And  be  it  further  enacted,  That  the  Militia  when  called  into 
the  service  of  the  United  States  by  virtue  of  this  act  or  any  other  act,  may, 
if  in  the  opinion  of  the  President  of  the  United  States  the  public  interest 
requires  it,  be  compelled  to  serve  for  a  term  not  exceeding  six  months  after 
their  arrival  at  the  place  of  rendezvous,  in  any  one  year,  unless  sooner  dis 

Sec.  3.  And  be  it  further  enacted,  That  the  said  volunteers  shall  fur 
nish  their  own  clothes,  and,  if  cavalry,  their  own  horses  and  horse  equip 
ments;  and  when  mustered  into  service  shall  be  armed  at  the  expense  of 
the  United  States. 

Sec.  4.  And  be  it  further  enacted,  That  said  volunteers  shall,  when 
called  into  actual  service,  and  while  remaining  therein,  be  subject  to  the 
rules  and  articles  of  war,  and  shall  be  in  all  respects,  except  as  to  clothing 
and  pay,  placed  on  the  same  footing  with  similar  corps  of  the  United 
States  army,  and  in  lieu  of  clothing  every  non-commissioned  officer  and 
private  in  any  company  who  may  thus  offer  himself,  shall  be  entitled,  when 
called  into  actual  servi  ,,  to  receive  in  money  a  sum  equal  to  the  cost  of 
clothing  of  a  non-cor  ussioned  officer  or  private  (as  the  case  may  be)  in 
the  regular  troops  of  the  United  States. 


See.  5.  And  be  it  further  enacted,  That  the  said  volunteers  so  offering 
their  sen-ices  shall  be  accepted  by  the  President  in  companies,  battalions, 
squadrons  and  regiments,  whose  officers  shall  be  appointed  in  the  manner 
prescribed  by  law  in  the  several  states  and  territories  to  which  such  com 
panies,  battalions,  squadrons  and  regiments  shall  respectively  belong. 

Sec.  6.  And  be  it  further  enacted,  That  the  President  of  the  United 
States  be,  and  he  is  hereby  authorized  to  organize  companies  so  tendering 
their  sen-ices  into  battalions  or  squadrons;  battalions  and  squadrons  into 
regiments ;  regiments  into  brigades,  and  brigades  into  divisions,  as  soon  as 
the  number  of  volunteers  shall  render  such  organization,  in  his  judgment, 
expedient ;  and  the  President  shall,  if  necessary,  apportion  the  staff,  field 
and  general  officers  among  the  respective  states  and  territories  from  which 
the  volunteers  shall  tender  their  services,  as  he  may  deem  proper. 

Sec.  7.  And  be  it  further  enacted,  That  the  volunteers  who  may  In- 
received  into  the  service  of  the  United  States  by  virtue  of  the  provisions 
of  this  act,  and  who  shall  be  wounded  or  otherwise  disabled  in  the  serv 
ice,  shall  be  entitled  to  all  the  benefit  which  may  be  conferred  on  persons 
wounded  in  the  service  of  the  United  States. 

Sec.  8.  And  be  it  further  enacted,  That  the  President  of  the  United 
States  be,  and  he  is  hereby  authorized  forthwith  to  complete  all  the  public 
armed  vessels  now  authorized  by  law,  and  to  purchase  or  cnarter,  arm, 
equip  and  man  such  merchant  vessels  and  steamboats  as,  upon  examination, 
may  be  found  fit.  or  easily  converted  into  armed  vessels  fit  for  the  public 
service,  and  in  such  number  as  he  may  deem  necessary  for  the  protection 
of  the  seaboard,  lake  coast  and  the  general  defense  of  the  country. 

Sec.  9.  And  be  it  further  enacted,  That  whenever  the  militia  or  vol 
unteers  are  called  and  received  into  the  service  of  the  United  States,  under 
the  provisions  of  this  act,  they  shall  have  the  organization  of  the  army  of 
the  United  States,  and  shall  have  the  same  pay  and  allowances;  and  all 
mounted  privates,  non-commissioned  officers,  musicians  and  artificers  shall 
be  allowed  forty  cents  per  day  for  the  use  and  risk  of  their  horses,  except 
of  horses  actually  killed  in  action ;  and  if  any  mounted  volunteer,  private, 
non-commissioned  officer,  musician,  or  artificer  shall  not  keep  himself  pro 
vided  with  a  serviceable  horse,  the  said  volunteer  shall  serve  on  foot. 

Approved  May  13,  1846. 



WHEREAS,  The  Congress  of  the  United  States,  by  virtue  of  the  consti 
tuted  authority  vested  in  them,  have  declared  by  their  acts,  bearing  date 
this  day,  that  by  the  acts  of  the  Republic  of  Mexico,  a  state  of  war  exists 
between  that  government  and  the  United  States,  now  therefore  I,  James  K. 
Polk,  President  of  the  United  States  of  America,  do  hereby  proclaim  the 
same  to  all  whom  it  may  concern,  and  I  do  especially  enjoin  all  persons 
holding  office,  civil  or  military,  under  the  authority  of  the  United  States, 
that  they  be  vigilant  and  zealous  in  discharging  the  auties  respectively  in 
cident  thereto ;  and  I  do  moreover  exhort  all  of'  the  good  people  of  the 


United  States,  as  they  love  their  country,  as  they  feel  the  wrong  which  has 
forced  on  them  the  last  resort  of  injured  nations,  and  as  they  consult  the 
best  means  under  the  guidance  of  Divine  Providence  of  abridging  its  ca 
lamities,  that  they  exert  themselves  in  preserving  order,  in  promoting  con 
cord,  in  maintaining  the  authority  and  the  efficiency  of  the  laws,  and  in 
supporting  and  invigorating  all  of  the  measures  which  may  be  adopted  by 
the  constituted  authorities  for  obtaining  a  speedy,  a  just  and  an  honorable 

In  testimony  whereof,  I  have  hereunto  set  my  hand  and  caused  the 
seal  of  the  United  States  to  be  affixed  to  these  presents,  done  at  the  city 
of  Washington  on  the  thirteenth  day  of  May,  one  thousand  eight  hundred 
and  forty-six,  and  the  independence  of  the  United  States  the  seventieth. 


By  the  President, 

Secretary  of  State. 


WASHINGTON,  May  16,  1846. 

SIR — I  have  the  honor  to  enclose  a  copy  of  an  act  of  Congress  entitled 
"An  act  providing  for  the  prosecution  of  the  existing  war  between  the 
United  States  and  the  Republic  of  Mexico,"  which  authorizes  the  Presi 
dent  to  accept  the  services  of  volunteers. 

It  will  be  perceived  that  all  the  officers  with  volunteers  taken  into 
the  service  of  the  United  States  under  this  act  are  to  be  appointed  and 
commissioned,  or  such  as  have  been  appointed  and  commissioned  in  ac 
cordance  with  the  laws  of  the  State  from  whence  they  are  taken  ;  and  that 
the  volunteers  received  into  the  service  of  the  United  States  are  to  have  the 
organization  of  the  army  of  the  United  States.  For  this  exact  organization 
so  far  as  relates  to  companies  and  regiments,  please  see  the  memorandum 
appended  to  the  law  herewith ;  to  both  of  which  particular  attention  is 
requested;  but,  under  the  discretion  allowed  him,  the  President  has  de 
cided  that  the  number  of  private*  in  all  volunteer  companies  shall  be  lim 
ited  to  eighty. 

On  the  part  of  the  President.  I  have  to  request  your  Excellency  to 
cause  to  be  organized  at  the  earliest  practicable  period,  the  following 
corps  of  volunteers : 

Three  regiments  of  Infantry  or  Riflemen. 

Your  Excellency  is  requested  to  designate  and  to  communicate  prompt 
ly  to  this  department  some  convenient  place  of  rendezvous  for  moving  to 
wards  Mexico  for  the  several  companies  as  fast  as  they  shall  be  organized, 
where  they  will  be  further  organized  into  regiments. 

The  several  corps  will  be  inspected  and  mustered  into  the  service  of 
the  United  States,  as  far  as  practicable,  by  an  officer  or  officers  of  the 
United  States  Army;  when  this  cannot  be  done  you  are  requested  to  desig 
nate  the  inspecting  and  mustering  officers,  who  will,  in  every  case,  be  in- 


structed  to  receive  no  man,  under  the  rank  of  commissioned  officer,  who 
is  in  years  apparently  over  forty-five  or  under  eighteen,  or  who  is  not  in 
physical  strength  and  vigor ;  nor  the  horse  of  any  volunteer  not  appar 
ently  sound  and  effective,  with  the  necessary  horse  equipments  or  furni 

It  is  respectfully  suggested  that  public  notice  of  those  requirements 
of  law  may  prevent  much  disappointment  to  the  zealous  and  patriotic  citi 
zens  of  your  State — multitudes  of  whom,  the  President  cannot  doubt,  will 
be  eager  to  volunteer. 

Should  there  be  any  difficulty  or  considerable  delay  in  obtaining  the 
amount  and  description  of  the  force  proposed  to  be  received  from  your 
State,  you  will  give  the  earliest  notice  thereof  to  this  Department,  that 
proper  steps  may  be  taken  to  receive  them  from  other  sections  of  the 

Some  convenient  i>oiiit  on  the  Ohio  is  suggested  as  the  place  of  ren 
dezvous  for  the  several  regiments. 

Very  respectfully,  your  obedient  servant, 

W.  S.  MARCY, 
Secretary  of  War. 

His  Excellency,  James  Whitcomb,  Governor  of  Indiana,  Indianapolis. 



WHEREAS,  The  territory  of  our  common  country  has  been  invaded,  and 
the  blood  of  our  citizens  has  been  shed  upon  our  own  soil  by  a  hostile 
force  from  the  Republic  of  Mexico  after  repeated  attempts  on  the  part  of 
the  United  States  for  an  honorable  settlement  of  all  existing  differences 
with  that  power,  which  have  been  met  only  with  indifference  and  con 
tempt  ; 

AND  WHEREAS,  By  an  act  of  the  Congress  of  .the  United  States  entitled 
"An  Act  providing  for  the  prosecution  of  the  existing  war  between  the 
United  States  and  the  Republic  of  Mexico/'  approved  on  the  13th  of  the 
present  month,  the  President  of  the  United  States  is  authorized,  in  addi 
tion  to  other  provisions  therein  contained  for  the  prosecution  of  said  war 
to  a  speedy  and  successful  termination,  to  call  for  and  accept  the  services 
of  any  number  of  volunteers,  not  exceeding  50,000,  either  as  cavalry,  ar 
tillery,  infantry  or  riflemen : 

AND  WHEREAS,  By  a  communication  from  the  Secretary  of  War,  dated 
the  16th  inst.,  received  late  last  evening,  and  enclosing  a  copy  of  the  afore 
said  act,  the  undersigned  is  requested  on  the  part  of  the  President  to  cause 
to  be  organized  at  the  earliest  practicable  period,  for  the  aforesaid  serv 
ice,  three  regiments  of  volunteers,  to  be  infantry  or  riflemen,  and  to  desig 
nate  some  convenient  place  of  rendezvous  for  moving  towards  Mexico,  for 
the  several  companies,  as  fast  as  they  shall  be  organized,  where  they  will 
be  further  organized  into  regiments  preparatory  to  moving  towards  Mex 
ico;  said  companies  and  regiments  to  be  clothed,  armed,  organized,  offi 
cered,  inspected  and  mustered  into  the  service,  according  to  the  regula- 


tions  contained  in  the  subjoined  memorandum,  as  gathered  from  the  afore 
said  requisition  and  act  of  Congress. 

Now,  therefore,  I,  JAMES  WHITCOMB,  Governor  of  the  State  of  Indiana, 
do  issue  this  my  proclamation,  appealing  to  the  citizens  of  our  United 
States,  by  their  love  of  country  and  of  its  noble  institutions,  by  their 
sense  of  the  wanton  and  unprovoked  invasion  of  our  territory  and  the 
effusion  of  kindred  blood  by  a  foreign  and  perfidious  foe.  by  their  desire 
to  emulate  the  deeds  of  noble  daring  which  have  so  proudly  distinguished 
the  older  members  of  our  confederacy,  in  our  earlier  hisiory  ;  and  by  their 
desire  to  adopt  the  best  means,  under  the  favor  of  Divine  Providence,  for 
a  speedy  termination  of  the  war,  and  an  early  restoration  of  peace,  to 
form  themselves  into  volunteer  companies,  with  all  despatch,  for  the  afore 
said  service,  and  to  report  forthwith  to  this  Department  the  fact  of  their 
organization,  so  that  early  orders  may  be  given  them  to  inarch  to  New 
Albany,  in  this  state,  which  is  hereby  designated  as  the  place  of  rendez 
vous,  preparatory  to  moving  towards  Mexico. 

In  testimony  whereof,  I  have  hereunto  set  my  hand  and  caused  the 
seal  of  the  State  to  be  hereunto  affixed  at  Indianapolis,  this  22d  day  of 
May  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  1846,  and  of  the  State  the  twenty-ninth 
and  of  the  independence  of  the  United  States  the  seventieth. 


By  the  Governor. 

Secretary  of  State. 


Of  the  organization  of  volunteer  corps  under  the  Act  of  Congress  of  18th 

May,  1840,  their  clothing,  arms,  pay.  mode  of  appointing 

their  officers,  etc. 

I.  The  volunteers  are  to  furnish  their  own  clothing ;  but  every  non 
commissioned  officer  and  private  shall  in  lieu  of  clothing,,  be  entitled  when 
called  into  actual  service,  to  receive  in  money  a  sum  equal  to  the  cost  of 
clothing  of  a  non-commissioned  officer  or  private  (as  the  case  may  be)   in 
the  regular  troops  of  the  United  States. 

II.  They  are  to  serve  twelve  months  .after  they  shall  have  arrived  at 
the  place  of   rendezvous,   or   to   the   end   of   the  war,    unless   sooner   dis 
charged,  according  to  the  time  for  which  they  shall  have  been  mustered 
into  service. 

III.  While   engaged   in   actual    service   they    shall    be   subject   to  the 
rules  and  articles  of  war,  and  shall  be  placed  in  all  respects  (except  as  to 
clothing  and  pay)    on  the  same  footing  with  similar  corps  of  the  United 
States  Army. 

IV.  They  shall  be  accepted  by  the  President,  in  companies,  battalions 
and  regiments. 

V.  The  President  is  authorized  to  organize  the  companies   into  bat 
talions,   battalions   into   regiments,   regiments   into  brigades,    and   brigades 


into  divisions,  as  soon  as  the  number  of  volunteers  shall,  in  his  judgment, 
render  it  expedient. 

VI.  Volunteers   received   into  the  service,   who  shall   be  wounded  or 
otherwise  disabled  in  the  service,  shall  be  entitled  to  all  the  benefits  con 
ferred  on  persons  wounded  in  the  service  of  the  United  States. 

VII.  The  President,   under  the  discretion   allowed  him,   has  decided 
that  the  number  of  privates  in  all  volunteer  companies  shall  be  limited 
to  eighty.     Volunteers  shall  in  all  other  respects  have  the  organization  of 
the  Army  of  the  United  States,  and  the  same  pay  and  allowances. 

A  company  of  infantry,  or  riflemen,  will  consist  of  1  captain,  1  first 
lieutenant,  1  second  lieutenant,  4  sergeants,  4  corporals,  2  musicians  and 
80  privates. 

A  regiment  of  infantry  (or  riflemen)  will  consist  of  the  following  field 
and  staff  officers,  viz. :  1  colonel,  1  lieutenant-colonel,  1  major,  1  adjutant 
(a  lieutenant  of  one  of  the  companies,  but  not  in  addition),  and  of  the 
following  non-commissioned  staff,  viz. :  1  sergeant-major,  1  quartermaster 
sergeant,  2  principal  musicians,  and  of  10  companies  organized  as  above. 

VIII.  The    officers    of    companies,    battalions    and    regiments    above 
enumerated,  shall  be  appointed  in  the  manner  prescribed  by  the  laws  of 
this  state,  as  nearly  as  the  same  are  applicable,  that  is  to  say : 

1.  The  commissioned  officers  of  each  company  are  to  be  elected  after 
the  company  is  full,  by  a  majority  of  members  present,  at  the  time  and 
place  designated  by  a  majority  of  the  company :  to  be  certified  to  the 
adjutant-general  by  the  judges  and  clerk  of  the  election,  as  prescribed  in 
the  act  relating  to  the  militia  and  independent  companies,  approved  Jan 
uary  15th,  1844,  in  order  that  they  may  be  commissioned  by  the  Governor. 

'2.  The  commissioned  officers  of  each  regiment  shall  be  elected,  or 
appointed  after  the  same  is  full,  as  prescribed  in  the  last-named  act,  ex 
cepting  that  such  election  or  appointment  may  be  deferred  until  the  regi 
ment  is  collected  at  the  place  of  rendezvous,  and  may  be  held  on  shorter 
(if  general)  notice,  varied  according  to  circumstances. 

o.  he  staff  and  non-commissioned  officers  above  enumerated  are 
to  be  appointed  as  in  the  last-named  act  is  prescribed. 

4.  When  an  existing  organized  company  volunteers,  its  present  officers 
will  he  recognized  as  such,  and  in  that  case,  vacancies  only  (if  any)  need 
be  filled  as  above  prescribed. 

5.  All  other  officers,  not  above  enumerated,  such  as  paymasters,  sur 
geons,  quartermasters,  etc..  it  is  inferred,  are  appointed  only  by  the  proper 
United  States  authorities. 

IX.  Volunteers  shall  have  the  same  pay  and  allowances  as  the  Army 
of  the  United  States. 

X.  The  several  corps  will  be  inspected  and  mustered  into  the  serv 
ice  of  the  United  States  by  an  officer  or  officers  of  the  United  States  Army. 
When  this  cannot  be  done  the  Governor  will  designate  the  inspecting  and 
mustering  officers. 

XI.  No  volunteer  will  be  received,  if  under  the  rank  of  commissioned 
officer,  who  is  in  years  apparently  over  forty-five  or  under  eighteen,   or 
who  is  not  in  full  bodily   strength  and  vigor.     The   directions  from  the 
Department  on  this  point  are  imperative. 

XII.  As  soon  as  a  full  company  is  raised  and  its  officers  are  elected. 


the  captain  should  forthwith  notify  the  undersigned  of  the  fact  and  hold 
his  command  in  readiness  to  march  to  the  place  of  rendezvous  at  a  mo 
ment's  warning. 

XIII.  Arms,    accoutrements,    ammunition    and    provisions    are    to    he 
furnished  to  the  several  companies  by  the  United  States. 

XIV.  No  person  need  wait  for  further  or  special  authority  to  raise 
a  company  of  volunteers.     Should  any  one  desire  to  accomplish  that  ob- 
ject  his  success  will  probably  be  considered  by  the  company  as  sufficient 
evidence  of  his  standing  and  fitness  for  the  future  command  of  the  same. 

XV.  Any  further  directions  in  the  premises  that  may  hereafter  be 
come   necessary   or    advisable,    will    be   early    communicated    through    the 
medium  now  adopted. 

Indianapolis,  May  22,  1846. 


Inclia/na  Democrat,  May  22.  1846. 

By  Thursday  evening's  mail  the  Governor  received  a  requisition  from 
the  War  Department  at  Washington  for  three  regiments  of  infantry  or 
riflemen  from  the  State  of  Indiana.  His  proclamation  will  appear  forth 
with  and  with  it  will  be  given  all  the  necessary  information  for  the  man 
ner  of  organizing  and  receiving  recruits,  and  designating  the  place  of 
rendezvous,  which  will  be  at  some  point  on  the  Ohio  river.  Eighty  mem 
bers  constitute  a  company ;  ten  companies  to  a  regiment. 


Indiana  Democrat,  May  22,  1SJ>6. 

In  obedience  to  a  call  made  early  on  Monday  morning  last  a  very  large 
number  of  the  citizens  of  Indianapolis  and  others  from  different  parts  of 
the  State,  now  in  attendance  at  the  seat  of  government,  assembled  at  the 
court  house  at  three  o'clock  p.  in. ;  whereupon,  upon  motion  of  Hugh 
O'Neal,  Esq.,  General  J.  P.  Drake  was  called  to  the  chair,  and  upon  motion 
of  N.  Bolton,  Esq.,  John  B.  DeFrees  was  appointed  secretary.  Upon  mo 
tion  of  Hugh  O'Neal,  Esq.,  it  was  resolved  that  a  committee  of  ten  be 
appointed  to  report  resolutions  expressive  of  the  sentiment  of  the  meeting 
in  regard  to  the  existing  war  with  Mexico.  The  following  gentlemen  were 
appointed  on  said  committee,  to  wit:  O'Neal,  Harris,  Keaslee,  General 
Fuller,  Judge  Reed,  Thomas  Dowling,  George  B.  Thompson,  General  R. 
Hanna,  Henry  S.  Lane  and  Major  G.  Mace,  who  immediately  retired  for 
the  purpose  of  preparing  suitable  resolutions. 

A.  F.  Morrison,  Esq.,  moved  that  the  Acts  of  Congress  passed  in  rela 
tion  to  the  war  with  Mexico  be  read,  which  was  agreed  to.  Mr.  Morrison, 
by  request  of  the  chairman,  proceeded  to  its  reading.  When  read,  Hugh 
O'Neal,  Esq.,  chairman  of  the  committee  appointed  for  the  purpose,  sub 
mitted  the  following  preamble  and  resolutions: 


"Whereas,  The  cherished  malice  of  the  Mexican  Government  towards 
the  people  of  the  Government  of  the  United  States  has  resulted  in  an 
audacious  invasion  of  our  territpry  by  her  troops  and  the  shedding  of 
American  blood  upon  American  soil ;  therefore,  be  it 

Resolved,  That  in  the  opinion  of  this  meeting:  the  time  has  come  where 
every  consideration  of  duty  and  patriotism  requires  us  to  vindicate  with 
decision  the  honor,  the  rights  and  interests  of  our  country. 

Resolved,  That  in  any  conflict  involving  the  National  honor,  the  peo 
ple  of  the  West,  without  regard  to  political  distinction,  will  be  found  united 
as  one  man  zealously  supporting  the  Government  of  their  country  and 
rallying  around  the  National  flag. 

Resolved.  That  the  crisis  which  has  now  arisen  demands  prompt  and 
energetic  measures  and  we  therefore  heartily  approve  of  the  recommenda 
tions  of  the  President  that  a  large  and  overpowering  force  should  immedi 
ately  be  sent  to  the  seat  of  war  as  the  best  means  of  bringing  the  conflict 
with  Mexico  to  a  speedy  termination. 

Resolved,  That  any  appeal  which  may  be  made  to  the  patriotism  of 
the  people  of  Indiana,  in  order  to  raise  the  requisite  force,  will  be  met 
with  that  promptitude  and  cheerfulness  which  has  ever  characterized  the 
gallant  and  indomitable  citizens  of  the  West." 

Which  were  concurred  in  by  acclamation.  Henry  S.  Lane  being  called 
by  the  meeting,  addressed  it  with  that  peculiar  strong  and  inspiring  elo 
quence  for  which  he  is  so  distinguished  and  which  is  possessed  by  few 
other  men  of  our  country. 

Judge  Peaslee  presented  the  following  resolution,  which  was  adopted: 

"Resolved.  That  we  expect  that  the  Congress  of  the  United  States  will 
make  ample  and  speedy  provisions  for  raising  and  maintaining  an  army 
sufficient  not  only  to  repel  the  enemy  from  our  soil,  but  sufficient  to  carry 
the  war  into  the  enemy's  country  and  plant  the  "star-spangled  banner"  in 
the  City  of  Mexico  on  the  halls  of  the  Montezumas  as  the  best  mode  to 
secure  an  honorable  peace." 

Col.  Thomas  Dowling  of  Vigo,  being  called  upon,  addressed  the  meet 
ing  in  a  few  eloquent  and  patriotic  remarks. 

Governor  Whitcomb  was  called  to  the  stand  and  addressed  the  meet 
ing  briefly,  and  in  an  approving  manner  he  congratulated  the  meeting  upon 
the  spirit  of  patriotism  which  seemed  to  pervade  every  one  present,  and 
pledged  himself,  in  the  event  of  a  call  upon  Indiana  for  troops,  to  render 
all  assistance  in  his  power. 

General  J.  P.  Drake  offered  the  following  resolution,  which  was  unani 
mously  adopted: 

"Resolved,  That  a  copy  of  the  proceedings  of  this  meeting  be  published 
in  all  of  the  newspapers  in  the  city  and  State  and  that  a  copy  be  also 
sent  by  His  Excellency  the  Governor  to  each  of  our  members  of  Congress 
and  the  President  of  the  United  States." 

Upon  motion  of  General  R.  Hanna  the  meeting  adjourned. 



Indiana  Democrat,  May  22,  1846.  % 

Very  large  and  enthusiastic  meetings  are  being  held  in  most  of  the 
cities  and  towns  all  over  the  country,  and  from  present  appearances  there 
will  be  no  lack  of  volunteers  to  overrun  a  dozen  such  countries  as  Mexico. 
The  Louisville  Ledger  says  that  but  very  few  vacancies  now  remain  to  be 
filled  in  the  various  companies  organizing  there.  The  St.  Louis  Organ 
gives  a  cheering  account  of  its  city.  It  says  it  is  thought  there  will  be 
no  difficulty  in  raising  1,200  in  this  city  and  vicinity ;  over  500  had  already 
been  enrolled.  By  the  letter  which  we  publish  from  Judge  Wicks  it  will 
be  seen  that  Indiana  will  also  have  an  opportunity  of  furnishing  her 
share  of  men  to  participate  in  the  hardship  and  reward  of  their  country's 
service,  and  we  do  not  doubt  but  that  many  will  gladly  avail  themselves 
of  it.  The  only  drawback  seems  to  be  that  the  spirited  contest  will  be 
ended  before  the  companies  could  be  organized  and  reach  the  seat  of  war. 


MADISON,  May  26,  184(5. 

His  Excellency  James  Whitcomb,  Governor  of  Indiana  : 

SIR — The  directors  of  this  branch  have,  by  unanimous  vote,  author 
ized  me  to  place  at  the  disposal  of  your  excellency  $10,000  as  a  loan  on 
the  part  of  this  branch,  should  you  find  the  use  of  this  sum  necessary  to 
aid  in  facilitating  the  movement  of  the  Indiana  volunteers  to  the  seat  of 
war  with  Mexico. 

If  you  should  deem  it  proper  to  avail  yourself  of  this  offer,  please  do 
me  the  favor  to  advise  me,  at  your  convenience. 

Very  respectfully,  your  obedient  servant, 

J.  M.  MOORE,  Cashier. 


Madison  Banner,  May  27,  1846. 

The  late  news  from  the  seat  of  war  is  truly  encouraging  to  the 
American  people.  We  have  achieved  several  brilliant  victories  and  we 
await  with  much  anxiety,  and  the  strong  hope  of  receiving  in  a  few  days 
news  of  more  victories.  We  are  now  all  Whigs  and  all  Democrats.  We 
are  American  citizens,  and  as  such,  right  or  wrong,  we  are  for  our  country, 
our  whole  country  and  nothing  but  our  country.  It  is  not  the  time  to 
cavil  about  party.  We  are  in  the  midst  of  a  war  and  we  must  and  will 
triumph.  Let  our  whole  people  be  united  in  raising  and  sending  on  troops 
as  speedily  as  possible  to  the  seat  of  war  and  we  confidently  believe  that 
all  will  soon  be  well.  Then  may  we  talk  about,  other  matters. 


Madison  Banner,  May  27,  1846. 

We  are  gratified  to  find  that  Captain  Ford  is  about  completing  a  fine 
company  of  eighty  men  for  Mexican  service.  They  are  all  young,  active 
men,  glorious  sons  of  the  West,  who  will  make  the  field  of  battle  a  field 
of  glory,  "i  he  citizens  of  Madison  ought  to  buy  them  a  uniform  and  not 
let  them*  be  at  the  least  expense. 


By  and  with  the  advice  and  consent  of  the  Senate. 

Washington  Union,  May  27,  1846. 

Resolved.  That  the  Senate  advise  and  consent  to  the  following  ap 
pointments  in  the  Army  of  the  United  States  in  the  regiment  of  mounted 
riflemen  or  Third  Regiment  of  Dragoons,  as  authorized  by  the  Act  ap 
proved  May  19,  1846: 

John  E.  Simonson  of  Indiana  to  be  Captain. 

William  W.  Taylor  of  Indiana  to  be  First  Lieutenant. 

Spear  S.  Tipton  of  Indiana  to  be  First  Lieutenant. 



INDIANAPOLIS.  MAY  29,  1840. 

.1.  M.  Moore,  Esq.,  Cashier  of  the  Branch  Bank  at  Madison  : 

SIR — Your  letter  of  the  26th  and  postmarked  the  27th  iust.  has  been 
received,  in  which  you  inform  me  that  the  directors  of  the  Branch  Bank 
at  Madison,  have  by  unanimous  vote  authorized  you  to  place  at  my  disposal 
$10,000  as  a  loan  on  the  part  of  that  branch,  should  I  find  the  use  of  that 
sum  necessary  to  aid  in  facilitating  the  movement  of  the  Indiana  Volun 
teers  to  the  seat  of  war  with  Mexico. 

In  expressing  my  thanks  through  you  to  the  officers  and  directors  of 
your  brnnch  for  the  aid  thus  tendered,  I  beg  to  be  informed  whether  the 
directors  in  offering  this  loan  on  the  part  of  your  branch,  design  to  rely 
on  the  State  of  Indiana,  or  on  the  United  States  for  its  repayment.  Please 
also  to  inform  me  whether  I  shall  be  allowed  to  draw  by  one  or  more 
officers,  as  my  agents. 

I  have  no  doubt  that  the  use  of  the  sum  offered  will  be  quite  neces 
sary  in  fitting  out  the  volunteers,  and  in  otherwise  aiding  them  in  their 
movement  to  the  seat  of  war  with  Mexico.  The  want  of  funds  for  that 
purpose  is,  within  the  circle  of  my  observation,  the  principal  embarrass 
ment  experienced  in  raising  the  volunteers. 

An  answer  at  your  earliest  convenience  will  greatly  oblige,  dear  sir, 

Yours,  very  respectfully. 






SIR — Your  letter  of  the  15th  inst,  requesting  the  raising  of  three  regi 
ments  of  volunteers  at  the  earliest  practicable  period,  to  consist  of  infan 
try  or  riflemen,  was  duly  received. 

I  immediately  took  measures  for  an  early  compliance  with  the  requisi 
tion,  and  now  enclose  you  a  copy  of  my  proclamation  calling  for  volun 
teers.  I  beg  to  be  informed,  at.  your  earliest  convenience,  whether  any 
part  of  the  memorandum  annexed  to  the  proclamation  herewith  enclosed, 
conflicts  with  any  portion  of  the  Act  of  Congress  of  the  13th  inst.  or 
with  your  letter  or  the  memorandum  therein  enclosed,  according  to  the 
construction  or  understanding  of  the  War  Department ;  whether  the  of 
ficers  above  the  rank  of  colonel  are  to  be  appointed  by  the  United  States 
authorities  or  under  the  laws  of  this  State ;  whether  moneys  advanced 
by  individuals  or  banks  to  aid  the  volunteers  in  clothing  and  subsisting 
themselves  until  they  reach  the  place  of  rendezvous,  will  probably  be  re 
paid  by  the  United  States ;  whether  stores,  provisions  and  camp  equipage 
will  be  furnished  to  the  volunteers  on  and  after  their  arriving  at  the  place 
of  rendezvous ;  and  if  so,  at  what  time  may  such  articles  be  expected  to  be 
found  there? 

The  best  spirit  prevails  among  our  citizens,  and  I  am  confident  the 
whole  number  required  from  Indiana  would  soon  be  raised  if  means  could 
be  obtained  to  clothe  and  subsist  the  men  until  they  should  be  actually 
mustered  into  service.  As  it  is  I  will  not  suffer  myself  to  doubt  that  our 
quota  will  be  furnished,  but  it  would  greatly  expedite  and  facilitate  the 
organizing  of  the  regiments  if  means  could  be  obtained  for  the  purpose 
referred  to,  or  some  expectation  could  be  entertained  that  money  ad 
vanced  for  that  purpose  would  be  reimbursed  by  the  General  Government. 

It  will  be  seen  that  New  Albany  is  mentioned  in  my  proclamation  as 
the  place  of  rendezvous.  Subsequent  information,  however,  has  satisfied 
me  that  "Old  Fort  Clark,"  which  lies  directly  opposite  Louisville  on  the 
Ohio  River,  about  three  miles  above  New  Albany,  and  a  little  to  the  soutli 
of  Jeffersonville,  is  the  best  point  for  that  purpose,  and  with  your  con 
sent  I  will  substitute  it  for  New  Albany. 

In  the  memorandum  enclosed  in  your  letter  the  number  of  privates  in 
a  company  was  limited  to  eighty,  but  in  your  circular  to  the  Governors  of 
different  States,  as  lately  published,  the  number  is  fixed  at  sixty-four.  Be 
pleased  to  inform  me  whether  this  discrepancy  has  been  caused  by  a  cler 
ical  error. 

An  early  reply  is  respectfully  solicited. 

I  have  the  honor  to  be, 

Your  obedient  servant. 


To  the  Hon.  Wm.  S.  Marcy,  Secretary  of  War,  Washington  City. 


Democrat,  May  29,  1846. 

About  one  hundred  volunteers  are  already  enrolled  at  Indianapolis,  and 
it  is  expected  that  the  number  will  be  largely  increased  tomorrow.  Two 
companies  are  likely  to  be  organized  in  this  city  without  delay.  A  com 
pany  of  volunteers  is  nearly  organized  at  Greencastle,  Putnam  County, 
two  companies  are  said  to  be  formed  at  New  Albany,  two  companies  are 
reported  ready  for  service  at  Evansville  and  the  work  goes  bravely  on. 


Madison  Courier,  May  30,  1846, 

On  the  evening  of  the  20th  inst.  a  very  large  number  of  the  citizens  of 
Madison  attended  a  meeting  at  the  court  house  in  obedience  to  a  previous 
call.  The  meeting  was  organized  by  calling  the  Hon.  William  Hendricks 
to  the  chair  and  appointing  James  D.  Glass  as  secretary,  and  thereupon 
the  chairman  called  the  attention  of  the  audience  to  the  meeting. 

The  meeting  was  addressed  by  Gen.  Milton  Stapp  in  a  clear,  forci 
ble  and  happy  manner,  and  his  speech  was  responded  to  by  loud  and  re 
peated  cheers.  He  closed  with  an  appeal  to  our  citizens  to  volunteer  their 
services  to  defend  our  national  honor  and  rights,  and  on  motion  the  meet 
ing  was  adjourned  to  meet  at  the  court  house  on  Saturday  evening,  23d 
inst.,  at  early  candle  lighting. 

Madison  Courier,  May  SO, 

Captain  Suire  was  drumming  up  volunteers  yesterday  to  fill  his  or 
ganization.  Success  to  him.  May  his  fine  company  all  stand  to  the  work 
and  none  be  found  flinching. 

Madison  Courier,  May  30,  1846. 

Captain  Ford  will  soon  be  off.  He  is  a  brave  fellow.  There  is  fight  in 
all  his  men  ;  bravery  and  perseverance  characterize  them  all. 


Madison  Courier,  May  30,  1846. 

The  company  under  this  gentleman,  we  understand,  is  now  complete. 
They  will  be  off  in  a  few  days.  A  better  company  cannot  be  found;  all 
stout,  patriotic  men. 




NEW  YORK,  May  31,  1846. 

SIR — I  have  the  honor  to  communicate  for  your  information  that  I 
have  been,  by  order  of  the  President  of  the  United  States,  directed  to 
superintend  the  inspecting  and  mustering  into  the  service  of  the  United 


States   the   volunteers   or   militia   called   for   from   your    State,    viz.,    three 
regiments  of  foot. 

To  facilitate  this  service,  I  have  ordered  Colonel  Churchill,  Inspector- 
General  U.  S.  Army,  to  proceed  to  your  State  for  the  purpose  of  inspect 
ing  and  mustering  into  service  the  regiments  expected  to  rendezvous  at 
some  point  on  the  Ohio  River,  to  be  designated  by  your  Excellency. 

I  shall  be  in  the  city  of  Cincinnati  as  early  as  the  5th  of  June,  when 
I  will  be  pleased  to  receive  any  communication  you  may  deem  proper  on 
this  subject,  or  any  other,  relating  to  the  volunteers  to  be  received  into  the 

I  am,  sir,  very  respectfully, 

Your  obedient  servant, 

Brigadier-General  U.   S.  Army. 

To  His  Excellency,  James  Whitcomb,  Indianapolis,  Indiana. 

INDIANAPOLIS,  June  1,  184(>. 
His  Excellency,  James  Whitcomb : 

Yours  of  this  date  has  been  received,  desiring  this  bank  to  advance 
means  to  equip  and  send  forward  troops  to  the  seat  of  war  with  Mexico. 
Our  board  have  been  convened  for  that  purpose  and  have  unanimously 
agreed  to  advance  ?! 0,000,  'if  necessary,  to  be  applied  to  the  clothing,  sub 
sisting  and  removing  to  the  point  they  may  be  ordered,  such  portion  of  the 
three  regiments  of  volunteers  lately  called  for  through  the  War  Depart 
ment  from  Indiana,  as  may  be  raised  or  concentrated  at  this  point.  Which 
funds,  our  board  desire  me  to  state,  shall  be  paid  to  your  order,  at  such 
times  and  in  such  sums  as  you  may  deem  advisable;  this  bank  looking  to 
the  State  and  United  States  government  for  repayment. 

Very  respectfully  yours, 

CALVIN  FLETCHER,  President. 

MADISON,  June  2,  184(5. 

His  Excellency,  James  Whitcomb,  Governor  of  Indiana  : 

SIR — Your  letter  of  the  20th  May  is  received.  We  shall  consider  the 
loan  as  made  to  the  State  of  Indiana,  and  look  to  her  for  payment. 

So  soon  as  you  return  to  me,  duly  signed  by  yourself  under  the  seal 
of  State,  with  the  countersign  of  the  Treasurer  of  State,  the  enclosed  cer 
tificate,  the  sum  of  $10,000  will  be  placed  to  your  credit  as  Governor  and 
subject  to  your  official  check. 

Very  respectfully, 

J.   F.   D.   LANIER,   President. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  June  3,  1846. 

Twelve  companies  have  already  reported  themselves  to  Governor 
Whitcomb  and  tonight's  mail  may  bring  in  others ;  no  doubt  that  twice  or 
thrice  more  will  be  offered  than  can  be  received. 

The  branches  of  the  State  Bank  at  Indianapolis  and  Madison  have 
offered  $10,000  each  to  assist  in  forwarding  these  brave  men,  and  as  much 
as  will  be  needed  will  be  drawn  by  the  Executive.  The  Governor  offered 
to  give  $1,000  of  his  private  funds  for  that  purpose,  but  the  generous  offer 
of  the  banks,  which  will  no  doubt  be  nobly  sustained  by  the  State,  will 
avoid  the  necessity  of  individual  subscription. 


INDIANAPOLIS,  June  3,  1846. 

DEAR  SIR — In  view  of  the  exigency  of  the  present  crisis,  may  I  ask 
you  to  respectfully  convene  the  directors  of  the  —  —  Branch  of  the  State 
Bank  of  Indiana  at  the  earliest  practicable  period,  and  to  lay  before  them 
for  their  action  the  enclosed  letter  addressed  to  yourself  and  them  jointly 
soliciting  a  loan  in  relation  to  the  volunteers  lately  called  for  from  this 

I  am,  dear  sir,  very  respectfully, 

Your  obedient  servant, 


To—     — ,  President  ot  the  —      -  Branch  of  the  State  Bank  of  Indiana. 

(The  following  circular  was  enclosed  in  each  of  the  foregoing:) 

INDIANAPOLIS,  June  3,  1846. 

GENTLEMEN — In  relation  to  the  organization  of  the  three  regiments  of 
volunteers  lately  called  for  through  the  War  Department  from  Indiana,  I 
desire  respectfully  to  ask  whether  the  -  -  Branch  of  the  State  Bank 
of  Indiana  will  advance  as  a  loan,  looking  to  the  United  States  or  to  the 
State  of  Indiana,  or  both,  for  repayment,  any  sum,  and  if  so,  what  sum 
of  money,  to  aid  in  clothing,  removing  and  subsisting  said  volunteers  or 
any  portion  of  them,  until  they  reach  the  seat  of  war  with  Mexico,  or  until 
they  are  clothed  and  subsisted  by  the  authorities  of  the  United  States? 
If  this  question  is  answered  in  the  affirmative,  I  am  desirous  that  the  loan 
may  be  applied  at  the  very  earliest  practicable  period,  to  the  above  named 
objects;  and  therefore  I  beg  to  know,  in  addition,  whether  the  loan  shall 
be  subject  to  my  draft  or  to  that  of  one  or  more  commissaries,  officers  or 
agents,  by  me  or  your  branch  appointed  for  that  purpose,  or  in  what 
manner  you  wish  the  money  applied  or  expended  for  the  purpose  above 

I  am,  gentlemen,  very  respectfully, 

Your  obedient  servant, 


To  the  President  and  Directors  of  the  -  -  Branch  of  the  State 
Bank  of  Indiana. 


WASHINGTON,  4th  June,  184G. 

The  Governor  of  Indiana,  Indianapolis,  Indiana: 

SIR — I  have  the  honor  to  inform  you  of  the  following  orders,  which 
have  been  issued  from  this  office  for  providing  arms,  accoutrements  and 
ammunition  tor  the  volunteers  of  Indiana  (three  regiments  of  foot),  called 
into  the  service  of  the  United  States : 

1st.  To  the  officer  commanding  Baton  Rouge  arsenal  (it  being  a  depot 
lying  in  the  route  of  these  volunteers)  to  supply  the  regiment  with  muskets 
and  accoutrements  for  the  whole,  or  with  rifles  and  accoutrements  for  the 
two  flank  companies  of  each  regiment,  and  muskets  and  accoutrements  for 
the  rest;  with  forty  cartridge*  and  two  flints  to  each  gun  issued. 

2d.  To  send  forward  from  Baton  Rouge  arsenal  to  depot  at  Point 
Isabel,  for  the  supplies  of  cartridges  and  flints  for  the  Indiana  troops  and 
others,  which  are  to  take  that  route. 

Not   knowing   the   names   or   address    of   the   gentlemen   whom   your 
Excellency  may  have  appointed  to  command  the  volunteers  of  your  State, 
I  have  to  request  that  you  will  give  them  early  information  of  the  meas 
ures  adopted  to  supply  their  arms,  accoutrements  and  ammunition. 
Respectfully,  your  obedient  servant, 

G.  TALCO  '  T, 
Lieutenant-Colonel  of  Ordnance. 

P.  S. — These  troops  are  to  call  at  the  Baton  Rouge  arsenal  for  their 
arms  on  their  route  to  the  seat  of  war. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  June 

We  understand  that  Thomas  L.  Smith,  of  this  city,  has  been  author 
ized  by  Governor  Whitcomb  to  act  as  commissary  for  providing  the  neces 
sary  accommodations  and  subsistence  for  the  troops  expected  to  rendezvous 
at  this  city  until  they  are  received  and  provided  for  by  the  general  Gov 
ernment.  We  learn  also  that  means  will  be  provided  and  that  Mr.  Smith 
will  in  all  probability  receive  his  instructions  and  enter  upon  the  execu 
tion  of  his  duties  in  the  course  of  a  day  or  two. 



INDIANAPOLIS,   INIX,   June  4,   1846. 
General  Order  No.  1. 

Numerous  inquiries  in  relation  to  the  organization  of  the  three  regi 
ments  of  volunteers  called  for  from  this  State,  which  it  is  impracticable 
to  answer  by  letter,  render  it  necessary  to  give  the  following  general  in 
formation  to  all  concerned  in  addition  to  that  contained  in  the  Governor's 
Proclamation  : 


I.  By  existing  laws  and  regulations  each   volunteer  is  to  furnish  his 
<»\vu  clothing   for  one  year,   for   which,   if  a   private  or  non-commissioned 
officer,  he  is  to  be  paid  by  the  United  States,  when  called  into  actual  serv 
ice,  a  sum  of  money  equal  to  the  cost  of  clothing  of  a  non-commissioned 
officer  or  private  (as  the  case  may  be)  in  the  regular  army,  understood  to 
be  not  less  than  thirty-six  dollars  per  year. 

II.  In  Ohio  and  Kentucky   it   is  understood   that   no  public   aid   has 
been  given  in  advance  to  soldiers   who   are  unable  to   furnish   their   own 
clothing.     But,  knowing  that  cases  will  sometimes  occur  when  the  volun 
teer  cannot  out  of  his  own  means,  or  by  arrangement  with  friends,  procure 
the  necessary  clothing,  and  the  country  might  in  consequence  lose  the  serv 
ices  of  a  brave  citizen,  it  is  ordered  that  ten  dollars  may  be  drawn  for  each 
soldier  who  requires  it.  by  the  Captain  or  senior  officer  of  the  company, 
who  will  retain  the  amount  out  of  the  clothing  account  of  the  volunteer 
thus  furnished  for  the  purpose  of  refunding  the  same  to  the  party  loaning 
it,  under  such  regulations  as  may  be  hereafter  given.     This  sum  will  pur 
chase  a  suit  for  a  private  which,   with  his  ordinary  clothing,  will  suffice 
until  he  is  further  supplied  at  the  place  of  rendezvous. 

III.  Each  volunteer  who  requires  it  will  also  be  allowed  one  dollar 
to  be  drawn  in  like  manner  for  the  purchase  of  cooking  and  eating  uten 
sils,  etc.,  for  the  proper  mess  or  company. 

IV.  Duplicate  receipts  for  all  articles  thus  purchased  are  to  be  taken, 
specifying  the  items  and  prices  separately  (and  receipts  for  clothing  sepa 
rate  from  the  others),  one  of  which  is  to  be  forwarded  to  the  Governor  to 
authorize  the  disbursement.     A  regular  account  must  also  be  kept  for  all 
such  expenditures. 

V.  Agents  or  commissaries,  now  or  hereafter  appointed,  for  the  pro 
curement  of  subsistence,  are  to  take  duplicate  receipts  specifying  the  items 
and  prices,  one  of  which  is  to  be  forwarded  to  the  Governor  for  final  ad 

VI.  The  volunteers  of  each  company  will  adopt  such  uniform  as  they 
may  select.     The  officers  are  requested,  on  the  score  of  economy,  as  well 
as  appearances,  to  conform  in  their  uniform,  arms  and  equipments  to  those 
adopted  by  the  officers  of  similar  corps  in  the  United  States  Army.      No 
delay  need  occur  for  the  want  of  uniforms,  etc..  as  they  can  doubtless  be 
procured  of  the  proi>er  kind,  and  on  short  notice,  at  the  place  of  rendez 
vous,  if  they  cannot  be  conveniently  obtained  at  home.      The  utmost  activ 
ity  in  preparation  is  enjoined. 

VII.  The  number  of  privates  in  each  company  raised  in  Indiana  has 
been  limited  by  the  President  to  eighty   (not  sixty-four,  as  by  some  sup 
posed),  which,  with  one  captain,  one  first  and  one  second  lieutenant,  four 
sergeants,  four  corporals  and  two  musicians,  will  make  ninety-three  in  a 
company.    As  soon  as  a  company  is  full  officers  should  be  elected,  a  return 
made  to  the  Adjutant-General,  and  the  commissions  procured.     As  soon  as 
the  Captain  notifies  the  Adjutant-General  that  his  company  is  full  and  or 
ganized,  a  letter  will  be  addressed  to  him.  accepting  the  services  of  his 
company,  and  so  far  as  the  action  or  influence  of  the  Governor  can  be 
legally  exercised,  the  pay  of  the  company  by  the  United  States  shall  com 
mence,  and  the  soldiers  be  regarded  as  in  the  service  of  the  United  States. 

VIII.  Each  company,  after  being  organized,  and  its  officers  cominis- 


sioned,  may  inarch  immediately  to  the  place  of  rendezvous,  where  exer 
tions  will  be  used  to  provide  subsistence  for  the  troops,  and  every  com 
pany  is  required  to  be  at  that  place  as  early  as  Saturday,  the  20th  day  of 
the  present  month,  to  be  mustered  into  service  on  the  22d. 

IX.  After  the  companies  meet  at  the  place  of  rendezvous  they  will 
be  formed  into  regiments,  ten  in  each.     The  officers  and  privates  of  each 
regiment    will    then    proceed    to    elect    its    colonel,    lieutenant-colonel    and 
major,  who  will  be  thereupon  commissioned  by  the  Governor. 

X.  As  the   various  officers  attached  to   the  volunteer  corps   are  ap 
pointed  under  the  laws  of  the  respectives  States,  all  the  staff  officers  of  a 
regiment,   such  as  the  surgeon,   surgeon's  mate,   adjutant,  quartermaster, 
etc.,  are  appointed  by  the  Colonel.    And  the  brigade  staff  will  be  appointed 
by  the  Brigadier-General,  should  there  be  any.    No  appointments  whatever 
are  made  by  the  Governor. 

XI.  In  some  counties  only  parts  of  regiments  will  perhaps  be  formed. 
These  might  join  and  form  whole  companies  at  some  convenient  point  on 
the  way  to  the  place  of  rendezvous,  if  not  sooner  and  more  conveniently 
done  by  mutual  understanding.    The  following  places  are  recommended  for 
such  points  of  concentration :     Fort  Wayne,  Logansport,  Lafayette,  Terre 
Haute,  Indianapolis,  Centreville,  Lawrenceburg,  Bedford,  Vincennes,  Evans- 
ville  and  Rome.     As  soon  as  a  company  is  full  by  the  junction  of  frac 
tional   or  imperfect  companies,   it  will   proceeed  to  elect  its  officers   and 
march  to  New  Albany.     There  is  no  objection,  if  preferred,  however,  that 
a  company,  even   if  full,   should  march  to  that  point  before  electing  its 

Companies  within  convenient  range  will,  by  taking  Indianapolis  on 
their  route  to  New  Albany,  find  comfortable  quarters  for  temporary  rest 
and  refreshment,  and  suitable  military  instruction,  use  of  arms,  etc.,  until 
they  resume  their  march. 

XII.  Some  sixteen  companies  have  already  reported  themselves  either 
as  full  or  so  nearly  full  that  they  are  doubtless  now  complete. 

From  present  appearances  more  volunteers  will  be  raised  in  Indiana 
than  have  been  called  for.  Companies  therefore  will  be  accepted  in  the 
order  in  which  they  are  reported  to  the  undersigned  as  full.  All  desirous 
of  a  campaign,  therefore,  will  perceive  the  necessity  of  immediate  action. 

All  necessary  correspondence,  when  despatch  is  necessary,  should  be 
addressed,  not  to  the  Governor,  but  to  the  undersigned,  who  will  be  able 
to  give  his  undivided  attention  to  the  matter. 

By  order.  DAVID  REYNOLDS, 

Adjutant-General  Indiana  Militia. 

Since  the  above  was  in  type  the  following  has  been  received  by  the 
Governor,  by  which  it  will  be  perceived  that  the  Adjutant's  reconimenda 
tion  is  not  only  proper,  but  that  even  greater  expedition  should  be  used  b.v 
our  gallant  volunteers  to  concentrate  at  New  Albany  as  early  as  possible, 
where  provision  is  in  readiness : 


WASHINGTON,  May  20,  1846. 
His  Excellency,  the  Governor  of  Indiana : 

SIR — Knowing  the  interest  your  Excellency  takes  in  the  volunteer 
corps  called  into  the  service  of  the  United  States  and  presuming  that  the 


information  contained  in  the  general  order  upon  the  subject  may  be  ac 
ceptable,  by  direction  of  the  Secretary  of  War  I  herewith  respectfully  for 
ward  a  copy. 

I  have  the  honor  to  be  very  respectfully, 

Your  obedient  servant, 

R.  JONES  Adjutant-General. 


General   Orders  No.   15.  WASHINGTON.  May  29,  1846. 

I.  Instructions  have  already  been  given  to  Brigadier-General   Wool, 
and  through  him  to  several  officers  placed  at  his  disposition,  for  the  early 
inspection  and  muster  into  the  service  of  the  United  States  of  the  quotas 
of  twelvemonth  volunteers,  who  have  been  called  for  by  the  President  of 
the  United  States,  from  Ohio,  Indiana,  Kentucky,  Illinois.  Tennessee  and 
Mississippi,  and  who  may  present  themselves  for  acceptance  under  that 
call,  at  the  rendezvous  of  those  States  respectively. 

II.  Instructions  have  also  been  given  to  other  officers  of  the  army  to 
inspect  and  muster  the  quotas  called  for  in  like  manner  from  Georgia,  Ala 
bama  and  Arkansas. 

III.  As  soon  as  inspected  and  mustered,  as  above,  the  several  regi 
ments  and  battalions  of  volunteer  horse  and  foot  will,  without  delay,  be 
put  en  route  as  follows: 

IV.  The  regiments  of  cavalry  or  mounted  men  called  for  from  Ken 
tucky  and  Tennessee  will,  from  their  respective  State  rendezvous,  take  up 
their  lines  of  march,  by  the  best  routes,  via  Memphis,  Little  Rock,  on  the 
Arkansas,  Fulton,  on  the  Red  River,  and  Robin's  Ferry,  on  the  Trinity 
River,  upon  San  Antonio  de  Bexar,  Texas.     The  regiment  of  cavalry  or 
mounted  men  called  for  from  Arkansas  will,  from  the  State  rendezvous 
(say)    Washington,  take  the  same  route  from  Fulton  to   San  Antonio  de 

V.  Excepting  one  regiment  of  the  Kentucky  and  one  of  the  Illinois 
quotas  of  foot,  to  which  Brigadier-General  Wool  is  charged  with  giving 
different  routes,  and  also  excepting  the  Arkansas  battalian,  which  will  re 
ceive  instructions  through  Brevet  Brigadier-General  Arbuckle.  all  the  other 
regiments  and  battalions  of  volunteer  infantry  or  rifle,  called  for  from  the 
said  States,  will  be  embarked  at  the  nearest  navigable  points  to  their  re 
spective  State  rendezvous,  and  thence  proceed  by  water  with  or  without 
transhipment  at  Mobile  or  New  Orleans,  to  Point  Isabel  or  Brasos  Santi 
ago,  Texas,  where,  like  the  troops  ordered  to  San  Antonio  de  Bexar,  the 
whole  will  come  under  the  orders  of  the  general  officer  in  the  chief  com 
mand  of  the  United  States  land  forces  operating  against  Mexico. 

VI.  The  chiefs  of  the  general  staff  of  the  army  at  this  place  will 
each  in  what  concerns  his  department,  charge  himself,  through  his  subor 
dinates,  with  supplying  the  said  volunteers    (horse  and  foot)    the  neces 
sary*  arms,    accoutrements,    ammunition,    knapsacks,    haversacks,    canteens 
(for  water),  camp  equipage,  subsistence,  medicines  and  hospital  stores  and 
means  of  transportation  by  land  and  water  according  to  the  routes  and 
destinations  and  according  to  law  and  regulations. 

By  command  of  Major-General  Scott. 

R.  JONES,  Adjutant-General. 


Democrat,  June  5, 

The  Marion  Volunteers,  Captain  James  ".  Drake,  are  now  perform 
ing  drill  and  camp  duty  and  are  engaged  in  uniforming  themselves  prepara 
tory  to  marching. 

We  are  semi  -officially  informed  of  the  organization  of  companies  as 
follows:  At  Shelbyville,  one  ;  at  Brookville,  one;  Martinsville,  one  ;  New 
Albany,  two  ;  Evansville,  two  ;  Madison,  one  ;  Delphi,  one  ;  Vernon,  one  ; 
Paoli,  one;  Peru,  one,  making  in  all  so  far  twenty  companies. 

The  Washington  Guards  of  Madison,  commanded  by  Captain  Ford, 
received  their  commissions  some  days  since.  Several  other  towns  are  busy 
raising  companies,  and  it  is  expected  that  before  another  week  closes  the 
whole  required  force  will  be  obtained.  Hurry  or  you  will  be  too  late.  It 
is  expected  that  another  company  will  be  raised  in  Marion  County. 


WAR  DEPARTMENT,  June  5,  1846. 

SIR — I  have  the  honor  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  letter  of  the 
29th  ultimo,  enclosing  a  copy  of  your  proclamation  for  raising  the  quota 
of  volunteers  asked  of  Indiana ;  requesting  to  know  whether  the  memo 
randum  appended  thereto  is  correct,  and  making  specific  inquiries  on  sev 
eral  points,  which  I  proceed  to  answer. 

The  memorandum  is  regarded  as  correct.  The  general  officers  of  vol 
unteers,  when  necessary,  are  to  be  appointed  by  the  State  authorities,  but 
none  are  at  present  required  from  Indiana.  There  is  no  authority  for 
paying  anything  on  account  of  volunteers  prior  to  their  being  mustered 
into  service,  except  one  day's  pay  and  allowances  for  every  twenty  miles 
traveled  from  their  homes  to  the  place  of  rendezvous,  which  cannot,  how 
ever,  be  paid  until  they  have  been  mustered.  Subsistence,  camp  equipage, 
etc.,  will  be  furnished  the  volunteers  on  and  after  their  arrival  at  the  place 
of  rendezvous,  and  General  Wool  of  the  army  has  proceeded  West  to  make 
all  the  requisite  arrangements  for  mustering,  subsisting  and  furnishing  the 
volunteers  from  Indiana,  and  before  this  reaches  you,  he  will  probably 
have  communicated  with  you  on  the  subject.  You  will  have  been  advised 
by  my  letter  of  the  1st  inst.  that  the  published  statement  to  which  you 
refer,  limiting  the  number  of  privates  of  companies  to  sixty-four,  does  not 
apply  to  the  volunteers  requested  from  your  State. 

Very  respectfully,  your  obedient  servant, 

W.  L.  MARCY,  Secretary  of  War. 

His  Excellency,  James  Whitcomb.  Governor  of  Indiana,  Indianapolis, 



INDIANAPOLIS,  IND.,  June  5,  1846. 
General  Order  No.  2. 

The  arrival  of  Colonel  Churchill,  Inspector-General  of  the  United  States 
Army,  at  this  place  since  issuing  General  Order  No.  1  of  yesterday,  to 
whom  is  assigned  the  inspecting  and  mustering  of  volunteers  into  the  serv 
ice,  renders'  it  proper  to  modify  some  of  the  previous  regulations  and  to 
add  a  few  others. 

I.  The  officer  procuring  clothing  for  a  volunteer  whose  condition  may 
require  it,  should  take  from  him  triplicate  receipts  (three).    One  is  to  be 
retained  by  the  Captain  or  senior  officer  as  a  voucher  to  deduct  so  much 
from  the  first  payment  made  to  the  volunteer,  or  if  the  arrangement  can 
be  made,  it  is  preferred  that  the  amount  be  retained  in  the  hands  of  the 
United  States  Paymaster,  to  be  deposited  to  the  credit  of  the  State  and 
subject  to  the  draft  of  the  Governor.     The  second  receipt   is  to  be  for 
warded  to  the  War  Department,  Washington  City,  and  the  third  is  to  be 
filed  in  the  office  of  the  Secretary  of  State,  Indianapolis. 

II.  If  the  clothing  is  procured  by  a  quartermaster  or  commissary  a 
fourth  receipt  is  to  be  retained  by  him. 

III.  A  supplemental  bill  is  introduced  and  will  doubtless  pass  Con 
gress,  raising  the  pay  of  each  private  in  a  volunteer  company  to  ten  dol 
lars  per  month. 

IV.  Every  volunteer  will  be  paid  twenty-five  cents  per  day   in   lieu 
of  rations,  and  also  his  daily  pay  of  thirty-three  cents,  making  fifty-five 
cents  per  day  in  going  with  his  company  (after  the  same  is  organized)  to 
the  place  of  rendezvous.     Twenty  miles  in  the  most  direct  traveled  route 
is  regarded  as  a  day.     No  allowance  will  be  made  for  transportation  as 

V.  Similar  and  separate  receipts  will  also  be  taken  for  cooking  and 
eating  utensils,  should  the  same  be  procured  by  any  company  before  arriv 
ing  at  the  place  of  rendezvous,  as  it  is  supposed  the  United  States  will  re 
ceive  and  pay  for  one  coffee-pot,  one  camp-kettle  and  one  short  frying-pan 
for  each  mess  of  six. 

VI.  Similar  and  separate  receipts  will  also  be  taken  for  subsistence 
and  transportation  to  the  place  of  rendezvous,  in  order  that  the  amount 
may  be  retained  in  like  manner  from  the  first  payment. 

VII.  Of  course  no  such  receipt  or  deduction  from  his  pay  will  be  re 
quired  where  the  soldier  furnishes  everything  himself  in  reaching  the  place 
of  rendezvous,  as  required  by  the  United  States'  regulations  in  relation  to 

VIII.  By  the  expected  supplemental   act   of   Congress   each   private, 
musician  and  non-commissioned  officer  will  receive  three  dollars  and  fifty 
cents  per  month,  or  forty-two  dollars  per  year,  in  lieu  of  clothing. 

IX.  Commissaries  now  or  hereafter  appointed  by  the  Governor  should, 
in  furnishing  rations,  conform  as  nearly  as  practicable  to  those  established 
in  the  regular  service.    They  certainly  need  not  exceed  those  in  cost,  pur 
chased,  as  they  will  be.  in  the  West,  and  from  first  hands. 

X.  A  dress  or  parade  uniform  is  never  required  in  actual  service  and 
will  not  be  used  in  this  campaign  by  either  officer  or  private.     To  pur- 

chase  such  would  therefore  be  a  useless  expense.  For  uniforms  for  service 
a  cloth  or  forage  cap  and  a  gray  mixed,  or  sky  blue  jeans  hunter's  frock 
coat  and  pantaloons  without  straps  is  suggested  (not  required)  for  neat 
ness  and  comfort.  The  coat  reaching  half  down  the  thigh,  double-breasted, 
double  row  of  white  military  buttons,  eagle  stamped,  or  black  mold  but 
tons,  made  to  button  close  around  the  throat.  For  non-commissioned  offi 
cers,  same  as  above,  only  the  sergeants  to  wear  white  worsted  epaulets  on 
each  shoulder  and  the  pants  to  have  a  white  worsted  stripe  one  and  one- 
half  inches  wide  down  the  sides.  Corporals  to  wear  epaulets,  but  not  the 
stripes.  The  orderly  sergeant  is  distinguished  by  a  red  worsted  sash  on 
duty.  Each  soldier  to  have  a  blanket. 

XI.  Companies  already  uniformed  in  whole  or  in  part,  or  to  uniform 
which  steps  have  been  taken,  had  better  make  no  change. 

XII.  A  company  will  be  considered  as  full  with  sixty-four  privates, 
only  with  one  captain,  two  lieutenants,  four  sergeants,  four  corporals  and 
two  musicians,  making  seventy-seven  in  all.     As  some  may  be  rejected  by 
the  officer  mustering  them  into  the  service,  it  is  recommended  that  there  be 
four  or  five  more  to  make  up  any  such  deficiency. 

XIII.  The  overplus  afforded  by  companies  already  organized  with  a 
greater   number,   as   some   have   been   with   eighty   privates,    might   be   de 
tached  to  form  another  company. 

XIV.  Companies  formed  by  fractions  thus  detached  will  have  prece 
dence  in  being  received  into  the  service  according  to  the  age  of  the  com 
pany  from  which  they  are  detached. 

XV.  Companies  are  enjoined  to  inarch  to  the  place  of  rendezvous  as 
soon  as  possible.     The  day  of  its  arrival  should  be  noted,  as  the  men  and 
officers  will  be  paid  and  subsisted  by  the  United  States  from  that  day  in 
clusive.     Every  company  must  be  there  by  the  20th  inst.,  but,  as  before 
remarked,  sooner  if  possible. 

XVI.  All  concerned  will  be  governed  by  the  proclamation  and  memo 
randum  thereto  annexed,  and  the  General  Order  No.  1,  except  so  far  as  any 
part  of  either  is  modified  or  abrogated  by  this  order. 

XVII.  Tents,  provisions,  fuel  and  camp  equipage  may  be  expected  at 
New   Albany   for   the   accommodation  of  the   troops  as   fast  as  they  may 
reach  that  point. 

XVI II.  Any  further  regulations  or  changes  that  may  be  made  by  the 
General  Government  will  doubtless  be  duly  communicated. 

By  order.  DAVID  REYNOLDS. 

Adjutant-General   Indiana  Militia. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  June  6,  184 6. 

We  learn  that  Brigadier-General  Ishani  Fuller,  residing  at  Booueville, 
and  commanding  the  Twelfth  Brigade,  First  Division,  Indiana  Militia,  has 
reported  himself  at  the  Adjutant-General's  office  and  desires  that  his  serv 
ices  be  tendered  to  the  President  as  a  volunteer  in  the  Mexican  War,  to 
go  at  the  head  of  his  brigade,  or  as  colonel,  or  as  captain,  or  as  a  private 


soldier,  in  whichever  capacity  it  may  be  thought  that  he  can  render  the 
most  efficient  service  to  his  country.  This  is  the  spirit  of  true  patriotism. 
At  Evansville  on  the  very  first  news  of  the  war  a  volunteer  company 
organized  themselves  under  Captain  Walker  and  at  once  tendered  their 
services  to  the  President. 


Madison  Courier,  June  6,  18  46. 

We  are  indeed  very  much  pleased  to  see  the  exertion  made  by  the  la 
dies  of  our  city  to  assist  W.  Ford's  company  of  volunteers.  It  was  only  on 
last  Wednesday  that  the  company  decided  on  the  uniform,  and  we  under 
stand  that  every  man  is  now  furnished  with  his  suit,  all  made  by  the 
band  of  ladies.  This  speaks  much  for  the  industry  and  philanthropy  of  our 
ladies.  Whatever  they  undertake  they  accomplish. 

BEDFORD.  IND..  June  0.  1846. 
Hon.  James  Whitcomb : 

DEAR  STR — This  morning  I  received  your  communications  under  date 
of  the  third  instant. 

Owing  to  the  absence  of  the  President  of  this  Branch,  and  the  illness 
of  some  of  the  Board  of  Directors,  it  may  be  some  days  before  a  quorum 
can  be  convened  in  order  to  act  upon  the  matter  presented  to  their  con 
sideration  in  your  letters. 

I  shall,  however,  take  the  earliest  opportunity  of  having  their  decision, 
and  advise  you  of  the  result. 

Very  respectfully,  your  obedient  servant. 

D.  R.  DUNIHTJE.  Cashier. 


INDIANAPOLIS,  IND..  June  8.  1846. 
General  Order  No.  3. 

I.  By  instructions  from  the  War  Department  of  the  1st  inst.  it  is  re 
garded  as  desirable  that  each  company  of  volunteers  shall  consist  of  eighty 
privates,  but  the  officer  who  is  sent  to  muster  them  into  service  is  in 
structed  to  receive  companies  of  a  less  number,  but  not  under  sixty-four 

II.  When  a  uniform  is  adopted  by  a  company,  the  same  material  will 
answer  for  that  of  the  commissioned  officers,  making  the  usual  variations 
in  the  trimmings.     For  instance:     In  case  of  the  adoption   of  the  gray 
mixed  or  blue  jeans  frock  coat  mentioned  in  Section  10  of  General  Order 
No.  2  the  officer  might  wear  a  similar  coat  with  a  single  instead  of  a 
double  row  of  buttons  in  front. 

III.  The  fewer  utensils  and  the  less  baggage  of  all  kinds    (except 
suitable  clothing)  that  can  be  taken  from  home  to  the  place  of  rendezvous 


the  better  for  the  soldier,  as  the  United  States  will  furnish  all  necessary 
articles  of  the  kind  at  that  point,  and  those  taken,  unless  of  the  proper 
description,  will  not  be  paid  for  by  the  United  States.  As  in  that  case 
they  would  be  cast  aside,  they  will  be  a  useless  expense. 

IV.  When  the  volunteer   is  unable,   it  would  be  far  better   for   his 
friends,   and  especially  his  comrades,  to  furnish  his  clothing,  as  we  are 
assured  by  the  Inspector-General  that  the  amount  could  be  deducted  from 
his  first  pay  and  paid  over  to  the  person  advancing  it.     This  would  save 
the  trouble  of  delay  of  receipts,  accounts,  etc.,  and  the  advance  or  loan 
would  be  perfectly  safe. 

V.  Colonel   Churchill,   Inspector-General  of   the  United   States  Army 
(aided  by  Lieutenant  Hammond),  has  been  appointed  to  inspect,  receive 
and  muster  into  the  service  the  companies  of  volunteers  from  this  State. 
He  will  attend  at  New  Albany  for  that  purpose  by  the  22d  instant  at  far 
thest.     Consonant  with  instructions  from  the  War  Department,  the  Gov 
ernor   has   therefore   no   appointment   to  make   of  mustering   or   receiving 

VI.  There  are  yet  wanting  a  few  companies  to  make  up  the  comple 
ment  of  volunteers  from   Indiana.     But  no  doubt  exists  that  the  whole 
number  will  be  raised  in  ample  time. 

VII.  The  commander  in  chief  will  in  due  time  repair  to  the  place  of 
rendezvous  to  aid  in  their  final  organization.     Meanwhile  he  congratulates 
his  fellow  citizens  on  this  auspicious  commencement  of  our  efforts  and 
exertions  to  support  our  national  honor  and  our  national  rights,  and  ten 
ders  his  thanks  in  behalf  of  the  State  and  of  himself  to  our  brave  volun 
teers  for  rallying  with  so  much  promptitude,  zeal  and  enthusiasm  to  tho 
standard  of  their  country. 

By  order  of  the  Governor  and  Commander  in  Chief. 

Adjutant-General  Indiana  Militia. 

June,  1846. 


(Company  K,  3d  Regiment.) 

From  History  of  Dearborn  County. 

Immediately  on  the  proclamation  of  President  Polk  calling  for  three 
regiments  from  Indiana,  James  H.  Lane,  then  a  merchant  of  Lawrence- 
burg,  organized  a  company  (K)  of  volunteers  for  the  Mexican  War,  and 
was  the  first  to  report  to  the  Governor  the  organization  of  a  company. 
Jeffersonville  was  made  the  place  of  rendezvous,  where,  on  the  organiza 
tion  of  the  Third  Indiana  Volunteer  Regiment,  James  H.  Lane  was  elected 
its  Colonel,  and  George  Dunn,  of  Lawrenceburg,  succeeded  Lane  in  the 
captaincy  of  the  company.  The  regiment  went  immediately  to  Mexico,  and 
participated  in  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista.  At  the  commencement  of  the 
battle  the  Third  Regiment'  was  placed  in  the  reserve ;  during  the  progress 
of  the  battle  a  number  of  brigades  were  forced  back,  and  the  Third  Regi 
ment  was  ordered  to  the  front  and  maintained  its  position  during  the  en 
tire  battle.  *  *  * 


A  second  call  was  made  upon  Indiana  the  following  year  for  soldiers, 
and  Ebenezer  Duniont,  of  Lawrenceburg,  organized  and  reported  a  com 
pany  for  service.  *  *  * 

On  the  organization  of  the  regiment — the  Fourth  Indiana  Volunteers — 
Ebenezer  Dumont  was  elected  Lieutenant-Colonel.  *  *  * 

The  term  of  enlistment  of  the  Third  Regiment  having  expired,  it,  with 
the  Colonel,  returned  to  Indiana.  Colonel  Lane,  by  the  authority  of  the 
President,  then  organized  from  all  parts  of  the  State  the  Fifth  Regiment 
Indiana  Volunteers,  one  company  of  which  was  from  Dearborn  County. 
The  place  of  rendezvous  of  the  regiment  was  at  Madison,  where  James  H. 
Lane  was  elected  Colonel  of  the  regiment.  The  regiment  was  at  once  or 
dered  to  the  front  and  joined  the  main  army  of  General  Scott  at  the  City 
of  Mexico.  The  regiment,  together  with  the  Fourth,  remained  in  the  serv 
ice  until  peace  was  declared. 

The  Fifth  Regiment,  while  yet  in  Mexico,  held  a  meeting  of  its  offi 
cers  and  men  and  voted  their  Colonel,  James  H.  Lane,  a  sword  to  cost 
$1,000.  The  funds  were  placed  in  the  hands  of  a  committee,  which  pur 
chased  the  sword  and  presented  it  to  Lane  on  his  return  from  the  war. 

May,  1846. 


(Company  K,  2d  Regiment.) 

From  History  Vanderburgh  County. 

The  President  called  on  Indiana  for  three  regiments  of  volunteers,  and 
Governor  James  Whitcomb,  on  May  22,  1846,  issued  his  proclamation,  ap 
pealing  to  the  citizens  to  volunteer,  and  designating  New  Albany  as  the 
place  of  rendezvous.  On  Saturday  afternoon,  following  the  publication  of 
the  proclamation,  a  public  meeting  was  held  in  the  court  house  in  Evans- 
ville  to  adopt  measures  for  raising  volunteers,  and  by  June  7  a  company 
had  been  raised  and  left  for  New  Albany  on  the  steamer  "Thomas  Met- 
calfe."  The  company  was  the  first  to  reach  the  place  of  rendezvous.  It 
was  called  the  Indiana  Riflemen.  Its  officers  were :  Captain,  William 
Walker;  First  Sergeant,  J.  A.  Epperson;  Second  Sergeant,  G.  W.  Peck; 
and  the  ranks  were  full  of  fine  looking  men.  It  was  composed  of  100  men, 
and  such  was  the  anxiety  to  join  Captain  Walker  that  it  was  believed  he 
could  with  ease  have  formed  a  regiment.  When  the  three  regiments  called 
for  were  formed  seventeen  additional  companies  offered  their  services,  but 
could  not  be  accepted.  The  "Spencer  Greys,"  of  New  Albany,  was  a  crack 
company.  Its  sharpshooter  challenged  the  Riflemen  to  produce  his  equal 
in  a  trial  of  skill  with  the  rifle.  Martin  Stinson  stepped  forth  and  beat 
the  challenger  twice  out  of  three  shots.  Joseph  Lane,  then  in  the  State 
Senate,  left  his  seat  there,  enlisted  in  the  ranks  and  took  his  first  lessons 
in  company  drill  from  Captain  Walker.  He  was  rapidly  promoted  by  the 
men  and  officers  of  his  regiment,  and  was  appointed  Brigadier-General  by 
the  President.  At  that  time  he  was  considered  a  "sensible  man,  of  good 
address,  but  destitute  of  military  knowledge,"  but  his  gallantry  and  manly 
character  soon  won  for  him  a  proud  place  in  the  nation's  history, 



June,  18.',6, 


(Company  G,  1st  Regiment.) 

I- loin  History  Cass  County. 

The  news  of  the  declaration  of  war  by  the  United  States  and  of  the 
Governor's  proclamation  reached  Logansport  without  delay.  Capt.  Spier  S. 
Tipton  immediately  commenced  the  enlistment  of  volunteers  for  the  war. 
Military  enthusiasm  ran  high,  and  there  was  little  delay  in  making  up  the 
roll  of  one  complete  company.  On  the  8th  of  June  following  the  company 
left  for  the  seat  of  war  under  command  of  Captain  Tipton.  For  several 
days  previously  it  had  been  announced  that  the  boys  would  leave  on  that 
day,  and  as  a  consequence  the  town  was  full  of  people  from  all  parts  of 
the  county  to  witness  their  departure.  They  left  by  way  of  the  Michigan 
Road,  south  to  Indianapolis,  thence  to  New  Albany,  the  place  of  ren 
dezvous  for  the  Indiana  soldiers  prior  to  taking  transportation  for  the 
seat  of  war.  UIHHI  reaching  that  point  Captain  ';  ipton  having  received  an 
appointment  as  Lieutenant  in  the  regular  army,  and  accepting  it,  made  a 
vacancy  in  the  captaincy  of  the  company,  which,  however,  was  supplied 
by  the  election  of  Stanislaus  Dasselle  to  that  position.  On  the  19th  of 
June  the  company  was  mustered  into  the  service  of  the  United  States  by 
Captain  Churchill,  of  the  United  States  Army.  *  *  *  When  mustered 
into  service  the  company  contained  ninety-two  men  :  when  mustered  out 
fifty-seven  men,  thirty-one  having  been  discharged  on  account  of  ill  health 
and  three  died  in  Mexico — W.  B.  Buchanan,  Dyer  Barrett  and  Caleb  P. 



LAWRENCEBURG,  June  8,  1846. 

To  His  Excellency.  James  Whitcomb,  Governor  of  the  State  of  Indiana: 
SIR — I  have  embraced  the  earliest  opportunity  to  convene  the  Board 
of  Directors  of  this  branch  and  lay  before  them  your  communication  of  the 
3d  instant,  and  now  beg  to  present  you  with  a  copy  of  resolutions  passed 
by  them  in  relation  thereto,  which  you  will  find  enclosed. 

In  compliance  with  the  third  resolution.  I  have  advanced  to  Captain 
James  II.  Lane,  of  the  Dearborn  Volunteers,  ui>on  his  check  (the  dupli 
cate  of  which  you  will  find  enclosed),  seven  hundred  and  forty  dollars,  to 
enable  him  to  equip  and  remove  the  volunteers  under  his  command.  The 
remaining  nine  thousand  two  hundred  and  sixty  dollars  will  be  paid  on 
presentation  of  your  draft  or  drafts. 
I  am,  very  respectfully, 

Your  obedient  servant, 

II.  K.   HOBBS,  Cashier. 





LAWRENCEBURG,  June  8,  1846. 

At  a  meeting  of  the  Board  of  Directors  of  this  branch  held  this  day, 
the  following  resolutions  were  unanimously  passed : 

Resolved,  That  the  cashier  honor  the  draft  of  James  Whitcoinb,  Gov 
ernor  of  this  State,  to  the  amount  of  ten  thousand  dollars,  for  the  purpose 
of  equipping  and  supplying  the  volunteers  called  for  from  this  State 
through  the  War  Department. 

Resolved,  That  such  advance  shall  be  considered  as  a  loan  to  the  State 
of  Indiana,  to  be  repaid  at  such  time  and  in  such  manner  as  may  here 
after  be  provided  for  by  the  Legislature,  or  by  the  general  government. 

Resolved,  That  the  Captain  of  the  Dearborn  Volunteers  be  authorized 
to  draw  for  the  sum  necessary  to  equip  and  remove  his  company  to  the 
place  of  rendezvous  in  this  State ;  this  advance  to  be  considered  a  part  of 
the  above  ten  thousand  dollars. 

Attest:  H.  K.  HOBBS,  Cashier. 

$740.  LAWRENCEBURG,  June  8,  1846. 

Cashier  of  the  Lawrenceburg  Branch  of  the  State  Bank  of  Indiana, 
pay  this,  my  duplicate  check  (original  unpaid)  to  the  order  of  James  H. 
Lane,  seven  hundred  and  forty  dollars,  and  charge  the  same  to  the  State 
of  Indiana,  on  account  of  advance  made  by  your  branch  to  aid  in  equipping 
and  removing  the  volunteers  called  for  from  this  State  through  the  War 
Department,  that  being  the  amount  necessary  for  the  equipage  and  re 
moval  of  the  volunteers  under  my  command. 

Captain  Dearborn  Volunteers. 


MICHIGAN  CITY,  June  9,  1846. 

SIR — Your  favor  of  the  3d  inst.  is  this  day  received  by  me  and  laid 
before  the  Board  of  Directors  of  this  branch.  They  decline  making  the 
advance  or  loan  asked  for. 

Respectfully,  etc.. 

A.  P.  ANDREW.  JR..  Cashier. 
To  His  Excellencv,  J.  Whitcoinb. 


VIXCENNES.  June  9,  1846. 

DEAR  SIR — Your  communication  of  3d  inst.  came  to  hand  last  mail, 
and  was  laid  before  our  directors  at  their  meeting  last  evening.  After  giv 
ing  the  subject  due  consideration,  they  instructed  me  to  reply  that  the 


present  condition  of  tho  finances  of  the  bank  is  such  as  to  render  it  im 
practicable  to  advance  any  means  for  the  purposes  indicated  without  em 
barrassing  and  perhaps  jeopardizing  the  interests  of  the  institution. 

The  heavy  amount  advanced  for  produce  operations  the  past  season, 
from  which  scarcely  anything  has  yet  been  realized  in  return,  has  so  ab 
sorbed  and  reduced  the  means  of  the  bank  as  to  compel  a  discontinuance 
for  a  while  of  its  ordinary  business  facilities.  Besides,  we  are  required 
by  an  order  of  the  State  Bank  at  its  late  session,  to  call  in  thirty  thousand 
dollars  of  circulation  by  the  10th  of  August  next.  All  the  active  means 
which  can  be  brought  to  our  aid  in  complying  with  this  requisition  will  be 
indispensable.  In  view  of  the  above  facts,  together  with  the  gloomy  pros 
pect  for  realizing  our  bills,  the  directors  feel  reluctant  to  enter  into  an 
engagement  which  they  might  not  be  able  to  perform  or  comply  with. 

The  State  is  indebted  to  this  bank  $10,000,  due  about  the  12th  of  Au 
gust  next,  to  meet  which  the  money  is  probably  in  the  Treasury  at  this 
time.  If  so,  and  you  can  arrange  with  the  Treasurer  for  $5,000  upon  condi 
tion  that  we  will  give  further  time  upon  that  amount,  say  six  months,  the 
bank  will  have  no  objection ;  the  bank  to  be  concerned  in  the  arrangement 
only  so  far  as  the  extension  of  the  time  for  the  payment  to  the  bank  by 
the  Treasurer  to  the  amount  of  the  $5,000; 

Hoping  that  you  will  experience  no  serious  difficulty  in  obtaining  all 
necessary  means  for  present  purposes,  I  am,  with  much  respect, 

Yours  very  truly, 

JOHN  ROSS,  Cashier. 


INDIANAPOLIS,  IND.,  June  10,  1846. 
General  Orders  No.  4. 

I.  According  to  instructions  just  received  from  the  War  Department 
dated  the  5th  inst.,  no  general  officer  of  volunteers  will  be  required,  or  is 
deemed  necessary,  from  Indiana  at  present. 

II.  No  authority  exists  under  the  United  States  laws  for  paying  any 
thing  on  account  of  volunteers,  prior  to  their  being  mustered  into  service, 
except  (as  heretofore  stated)  one  day's  pay  and  allowance  for  every  twen 
ty  miles  traveled  from  their  homes  to  the  place  of  rendezvous,  which  can 
not,   however,   be  paid  by  the  United   States  until  they   have  been   mus 

III.  When   a   company   or   a   volunteer   may    need   aid,   however,    the 
necessary  assistance  will  be  advanced  by  the  Governor,  as  has  heretofore 
been  stated;    but  it  is  necessary  that  triplicate  vouchers  or  receipts  should 
in  all  cases  be  taken  by  the  commandant  of  the  company,  or  commissary, 
not  only  to  justify  the  disbursement,  but  also  as  a  means  of  a  final  settle 
ment  with  the  proper  authorities. 

IV.  Where  this  aid,  however,  is  rendered  to  all  the  company,  as  in  the 
case  of  subsistence  or  transportation,  the  receipt  may  be  taken  in  gross, 
from  the  furnisher  of  the  subsistence  or  transportation,  as  the  expense 
can  in  that  case  be  averaged  among  all  the  company.      But  whether  the 
aid  is  rendered  to  all  or  to  a  part,  or  to  a  single  volunteer,  the  names  and 


liulnber  of  those  benefited  should  be  noted,  ;<s  the  amount,  as  heretofore 
stated,  is  to  be  dediu-ted  from  the  pay  of  the  party  benefited  in  the  hands 
of  the  United  States'  Paymaster. 

V.  Subsistence,  camp  equipage,  etc.,  will  be  furnished  the  volunteers 
on  and  after  their  arrival  at  the  place  of  rendezvous,  as  stated  by  the 
Secretary  of  War. 

VI.  But  one  or  two,  possibly   three,  companies  are  now  wanting  to 
complete  the  thirty  companies  called  for  from  Indiana,  and  as  it  is  known 
that  a  much  greater  number  of  companies  are  on  the  eve  of  being  reported 
as  full  and  organized,  no  doubt  exists  that  the  entire  quota  will  be  raised 
— most  probably  within  twenty-four  hours  from  this  time.     No  necessity 
therefore  exists  for  any  delay  for  the  meeting  of  fractional  companies  at 
the  several  points  of  concentration  named  in  Section  2  of  General  Order 
No.   1.     And  the  commandants  of  all   volunteer  companies  are  therefore 
hereby  directed  to  march  them  forthwith  to  New  Albany  as  the  place  of 
rendezvous,  with  the  least  delay  possible.     This  step  is  required  by  the  in 
terests  of  Indiana  as  well  as  by  those  of  the  volunteers. 

By  order  of  the  Governor  and  Commander  in  Chief. 

Adjutant-General  Indiana  Militia. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  June  10,  1846. 

We  understand  that  a  number  of  our  farmers  have  agreed  to  take  the 
volunteers  to  the  railroad  depot  (Edinburg)  in  their  wagons.  There  are 
not  yet  enough  to  take  the  whole,  but  we  suppose  that  as  soon  as  it  is 
known  there  will  be  offers  from  all  quarters.  It  will  be  a  good  lift  for  the 
boys,  and  deserves  the  highest  praise. 


TERRE  HAUTE,  June  10,  1864. 
His  Excellency,  James  Whitcomb : 

SIR — Herewith  I  communicate  to  you  a  copy  of  a  resolution  of  our 
Board  of  Directors  on  the  subject  of  your  circular  of  the  3d  inst. : 

"Whereas,  This  branch  is.  by  an  order  of  the  State  Board,  required  be 
tween  this  and  the  next  session  of  said  board,  to  reduce  its  circulation 
ten  per  cent. ;  and, 

"Whereas,  The  bills  of  her  winter  operation  yet  remain  unpaid,  and 
much  doubt  exists  as  to  their  prompt  payment,  and,  from  her  present  con 
dition,  is  unable  to  make  any  new  loans  to  her  customers ;  therefore, 

"Resolved,  That  however  much  we  may  feel  disposed  to  aid  our  gen 
eral  or  state  government  in  forwarding  the  military  operations  of  our  com 
mon  country,  we  cannot  at  this  particular  period  comply  with  the  appli 
cation  of  the  Executive." 

Very  respectfully  yours,  etc., 

C.  GILBERT.  President. 


LAFAYETTE,  June  11,  3846. 

SIR — Your  favor  of  3d  hist,    is   received   and   was   considered  by   our 
board  on  last  evening. 

We  have  a  demand  for  all  the  means  we  have  in  carrying  off  the 
produce  of  the  country.  Yet  our  board  feel  willing  to  tender  a  part  of  the 
necessary  aid  in  meeting  the  emergency;  and  have,  therefore,  instructed 
me  to  advise  you  that  your  drafts  on  us  for  the  purposes  specified  in  your 
communication  will  be  honored  to  the  amount  of,  say,  five  thousand  dollars, 
relying  wTith  full  confidence  on  the  general  government  making  the  neces 
sary  appropriations  for  refunding  the  same  at  an  early  period. 
I  am,  respectfully, 

Your  obedient  servant, 

CYRUS  BALL,  Cashier. 
His  Excellency,  James  Whitcomb.  Governor  State  of  Indiana. 


(Companies  E  and  F,  1st  Regiment.) 

From  History  Allen  County. 

It  was  only  natural  that  a  people  situated  as  the  people  of  Allen 
County  were  at  an  early  day,  should  be  not  only  patriotic  in  their  feel 
ings,  but  that  they  should  be  imbued  with  a  military  spirit.  Many  of 
those  who,  at  the  commencement  of  the  Mexican  War,  in  1846,  were  in 
the  prime  of  life,  had  been  waked  from  their  morning  slumbers  during 
their  early  years  by  the  stirring  notes  of  the  reveille  and  soothed  to  sleep 
at  night  by  the  musical  strains  of  the  evening  tattoo,  wafted  on  the  air 
from  the  confines  of  the  "Old  Fort."  The  "pomp  and  circumstance  of  war" 
was  before  their  youthful  eyes  continually,  and  that  it  produced  a  lasting 
effect  upon,  their 'minds  was  evidenced  in  after  years  by  the  fact  that  at 
the  first  call  for  volunteers  for  the  Mexican  War  two  full  companies  were 
recruited  in  Fort  Wayne  in  a  very  few  days,  composed  of  citizens  of  Allen 
County,  and  their  services  tendered  to  and  accepted  by  the  Governor  of  the 

The  two  companies  were  ordered  to  report  at  New  Albany,  in  this 
State,  and  left  Fort  Wayne  for  their  destination  on  the  16th  of  June, 
1846,  taking  passage  on  canal-boats  as  far  as  Cincinnati  and  from  there  by 

A  long  procession  of  parents,  friends  and  sweethearts  followed  the 
boats  to  the  "Lower  Lock,"  as  it  was  called,  five  miles  east  of  Fort  Wayne, 
when,  almost  despairing  of  ever  seeing  any  of  the  "bold  soldier  boys"  again, 
they  returned  disconsolate  to  their  homes. 

Upon  their  arrival  at  New  Albany  the  companies  were  mustered  into 
the  service  of  the  United  States,  June  23,  1846,  and  assigned  to  the  First 
Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers,  commanded  by  Colonel  James  P.  Drake. 


June,  1846. 


(Company  D,  2d  Regiment.) 

From  History  of  Washington  County. 

The  war  with  Mexico  roused  the  martial  spirit  of  the  people  and  more 
than  a  full  company  was  raised  in  the  county.  Soon  after  the  call  of  the 
President  for  volunteers,  May  13,  1846,  Abraham  Dennis  and  David  C. 
Shanks  announced  their  intention  of  raising  a  company,  and  accordingly 
called  a  meeting  at  the  court  house  to  raise  volunteers.  Several  other 
meetings  were  held  and  soon  the  necessary  number  of  men  were  ready. 
Several  of  the  leading  citizens  also  assisted  by  speeches  at  these  meet 
ings,  one  being  Colonel  Henry  Young.  The  Whig  party  was  opposed  to  the 
war  to  prevent  the  accession  of  slave  territory,  and  the  Democratic  party, 
led  by  the  Southern  wing,  was  in  favor  of  the  war  for  the  opposite  reason. 
The  members  of  the  company  were  mainly  young  men  from  both  parties. 
A  day  or  two  before  the  departure  of  the  company  for  New  Albany,  the 
place  of  regimental  rendezvous,  a  fine  flag  was  publicly  presented  to  the 
company  by  the  citizens  of  Salem.  The  boys  were  drawn  up  in  rank  on 
the  street  northwest  of  the  court  house  and  were  addressed  by  Miss  Patsy 
Gordon,  who,  with  appropriate  remarks,  fittingly  rendered,  presented  them 
the  banner  on  behalf  of  the  town  and  county.  Captain  Dennis  responded 
for  the  company,  pledging  their  lives  to  maintain  the  sacredness  of  the 
flag.  On  the  day  the  company  departed  Rev.  Cyrus  Xutt.  a  resident  min 
ister,  afterward  for  many  years  president  of  the  Indiana  State  University, 
delivered  them  an  eloquent  speech  of  considerable  length.  This  ceremony 
was  held  at  the  cemetery.  The  iron  paling  around  the  grave  of  Mr.  Buck- 
man,  a  Revolutionary  soldier,  was  taken  down,  piled  up,  and  on  this,  it  is 
asserted,  was  placed  his  tombstone,  and  upon  this  stood  Mr.  Nutt  while 
delivering  his  speech.  Immediately  after  this  each  member  of  the  com 
pany  was  presented  with  a  Testament,  and  then  the  march  for  New  Al 
bany  in  wagons  and  on  horseback  was  commenced.  *  *  * 

The  company  of  Captain  Dennis  became  D  of  the  Second  Regiment  In 
diana  Volunteers,  and  was  mustered  into  the  United  States  service  at  New 
Albany  about  the  22d  of  June,  1846. 


(Company  G.  2d  Regiment.) 

It  seems  that  another  company  was  raised  for  the  Mexican  AVar  in  the 
counties  of  Washington.  Orange  and  Lawrence,  mainly  in  the  vicinity  of 
Livonia.  The  details  cannot  be  given,  though  after  much  trouble  a  copy 
of  the  muster-roll  at  the  time  of  muster-out  was  obtained  from  Indianapo 
lis.  A  few  men  of  the  company  were  from  Lawrence,  though  the  most 
were  from  Washington  County  and  eastern  Orange.  The  company  was 
raised  mainly  by  Dr.  Nathan  Kimball,  who  became  the  captain,  and  by 
William  Schoonover,  who  became  first  lieutenant. 


June,  1846. 


(Company  H,  2d  Regiment.) 

From  History  Sullivan  County, 

In  May,  1846,  when  the  news  was  received  in  Sulliyan  County  that 
the  President  had  called  for  volunteers  for  the  war  with  Mexico,  steps 
were  immediately  taken  by  Joseph  W.  Briggs  and  others  to  form  a  com 
pany.  Meetings  were  held  at  Carlisle  and  Sullivan  and  perhaps  Merom, 
and  in  a  short  time  the  complement  of  men  was  obtained.  In  June  or 
July  the  company  left  the  county,  going  to  New  Albany,  where  they  were 
assigned  to  the  Second  Regiment  as  Company  H.  *  *  * 

Upon  the  return  of  the  company  a  barbecue,  it  is  said,  was  given  in 
their  honor,  and  held  near  Sullivan,  in  the  woods.  Speeches  were  for 
mally  made  by  one  or  more  of  the  citizens,  who  welcomed  the  boys  home 
from  the  perils  of  war.  The  Captain  and  several  other  members  of  the 
company  responded  in  fitting  words,  outlining  their  campaign,  and  inter 
spersing  their  remarks  with  the  mingled  gall  and  honey  of  humorous  anec 
dote  and  sorrowful  death.  A  meeting  of  this  character  was  also  held  at 

June,   /<s'.//(>. 



(Company   B,   2d  Regiment.) 

From  History  of  Orange  County. 

The  war  with  Mexico  in  1846-47  brought  out  more  than  a  full  com 
pany  from  Orange  County.  On  the  13th  of  May,  1846,  President  Polk 
called  for  volunteers,  and  soon  afterward,  in  response  to  this,  William  A. 
Bowles,  Trustin  B.  Kinder,  William  T.  Spicely.  John  Murray  and  others 
began  the  formation  of  a  company  in  the  county.  The  organization  was 
completed  some  time  in  June  and  the  following  officers  were  elected :  Wil 
liam  A.  Bowles,  Captain ;  T.  B.  Kinder,  First  Lieutenant ;  W.  T.  Spicely, 
Second  Lieutenant;  John  Murray,  Third  Lieutenant.  Soon  after  this  the 
company  assembled  at  Paoli  to  march  to  New  Albany,  where  the  Second 
Regiment,  to  which  they  were  assigned,  was  being  organized.  The  boys  in 
bright  new  uniforms  were  drawn  up  in  front  of  the  residence  of  the  Cap 
tain,  and  were  there  presented  with  a  beautiful  banner  in  behalf  of  the 
county  by  one  of  the  Doughertys,  it  is  said.  Captain  Bowles  replied  in  a 
short,  eloquent  speech,  pledging  the  lives  of  his  company  for  the  preserva 
tion  of  the  national  flag.  Lieutenant  Kinder,  a  talented  young  lawyer,  de 
livered  a  speech  of  considerable  length  and  of  great  strength.  He  de 
clared  that  he  would  leave  his  bones  to  bleach  on  the  sunny  plains  of  Mex 
ico  rather  than  see  his  country's  flag  dishonored  and  trailed  in  the  dust. 
Lieutenant  Spicely  also  delivered  a  speech  to  the  same  effect.  The  com 
pany  then,  in  wagons  and  on  horseback,  started  for  New  Albany,  being 
escorted  some  distance  from  town  by  the  brass  band  of  Paoli  and  a  large 
delegation  of  sorrowing  relatives  and  friends,  some  of  whom  continued  on 


to  New  Albany.  The  company  became  B  of  the  Second  Regiment 
Indiana  Volunteers,  and  at  Xew  Albany  Captain  Bowles  was  promoted  to 
the  colonelcy  of  the  regiment,  and  was  succeeded  as  captain  of  Company 
B  by  T.  B.  Kinder. 

June,  1846. 


(Company  E,  2d  Regiment) 

From  History  of  Greene  County. 

The  war  with  Mexico  in  1846-47  roused  the  militia  everywhere  into 
activity.  Under  the  act  of  Congress  approved  May  13,  184G,  the  President 
of  the  United  States  called  for  volunteers,  three  regiments  to  be  raised  in 
Indiana.  Within  two  weeks  afterward  Lovel  H.  Rousseau,  then  a  promi 
nent  lawyer  of  Greene  County,  was  commissioned  to  raise  a  company, 
which  he  proruptlj"  did,  securing  men  from  all  portions  of  the  county.  He 
was  assisted  by  Colonel  Samuel  R.  Cavins,  Colonel  Levi  Fellows,  Colonel 
Samuel  Bough,  Major  Andrew  Humphreys,  Adam  Stropes  and  others,  and 
on  the  8th  of  June,  1846,  the  company  was  received  and  was  mustered  into 
the  Second  Regiment  of  Indiana  (Foot)  Volunteers  on  the  22d  day  of 

It  should  be  noticed  that  Rousseau's  Company  E,  upon  leaving  the 
county  for  the  war  gathered  by  fragments  at  Oweusburg,  where  they  were 
presented  a  beautiful  silk  flag  by  the  ladies  of  that  town  and  Springfield. 
Captain  Rousseau  replied  in  fitting  words  to  the  presentation  speech. 
From  Owensburg  the  company  went  in  squads  in  wagons  and  on  horse 
back  to  New  Albany,  where  the  Second  Regiment  rendezvoused.  *  *  * 
Upon  the  return  of  the  company  a  public  reception  was  given  them  at  the 
court  house  in  Bloonifield,  Hugh  Livingston  and  Samuel  R.  Cavins  deliver 
ing  the  welcoming  addresses,  which  were  replied  to  by  Rousseau,  Stropes 
and  others  of  the  company.  Afterward  a  barbecue  was  held  in  honor  of 
the  company  in  Jones'  Woods,  near  Bloonifield,  where  a  huge  ox  was 
roasted  and  where  Rousseau  and  other  members  of  the  company  detailed 
the  experiences  of  the  campaign. 

May,  1S46. 


(Company  A,  3d  Regiment.) 

From  History  of  Monroe  County. 

Monroe  County  furnished  two  full  companies  for  the  Mexican  War. 
Soon  after  the  call  for  volunteers,  in  May,  1846,  the  militia  of  the  county 
met  at  Bloomington  for  regimental  or  battalion  muster.  The  excitement 
over  the  war  was  great,  a  call  was  made,  and  a  full  company  was  raised 
and  ready  by  the  1st  of  June.  The  officers  were :  John  M.  Sluss,  Cap 
tain  ;  John  Eller.  First  Lieutenant ;  Aquilla  Rogers.  Second  Lieutenant. 
The  company  became  A  of  the  Third  Regiment,  which  rendezvoused  at 
New  Albany,  and  left  Bloomington  on  the  15th  of  June. 


A  beautiful  flag  was  presented  to  the  boys  by  the  ladies  of  Blooming- 
ton,  Miss  Sarah  Markle  making  the  presentation  speech.  Company  A  was 
in  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista,  where  four  or  five  of  the  boys  (Buskirk, 
Applegate,  Stout  and  Holland)  were  killed  and  about  five  wounded.  The 
company  was  mustered  out  at  the  end  of  the  year. 

June,  1846. 


(Company  E,  3d  Regiment.) 

From  History  of  Brown  County. 

On  the  13th  of  May,  184G,  the  President  of  the  United  States  called 
for  troops  to  carry  on  the  war  with  Mexico,  which  had  just  begun.  Within 
a  few  days  after  the  receipt  of  the  news  James  Taggart,  T.  M.  Adams,  P. 
C.  Parker,  Williamson  Wise,  Charles  Bolt  and  perhaps  others  concluded  to 
raise  a  company,  if  possible,  in  Brown  County  for  the  war.  A  meeting 
was  advertised  to  be  held  at  Georgetown  to  raise  volunteers,  on  which 
occasion  a  large  crowd  gathered.  'I  he  above  men  headed  the  enlistment 
roll  with  their  names,  and  a  call  was  made  for  others  and  was  responded 
to  by  an  increase  to  about  twenty  men.  Another  meeting  was  called  at 
Nashville  soon  afterward,  and  the  number  of  volunteers  was  so  increased 
that  it  was  seen  that  the  completion  and  organization  of  the  company  was 

Early  in  June  the  complete  organization  was  effected  by  the  election 
of  the  following  officers :  James  Taggart,  Captain ;  Thomas  M.  Adams, 
First  Lieutenant;  Patterson  C.  Parker,  Second  Lieutenant;  Williamson 
Wise,  Third  Lieutenant.  The  organization  was  fully  completed  on  the  8th 
of  June  and  was  reported  thus  to  the  Governor  of  .the  State  for  acceptance 
and  assignment  to  the  Third  Indiana  Regiment,  which  was  rapidly  being 
mustered  at  New  Albany. 

On  the  14th  of  June  orders  were  received  from  the  Governor  for  the 
company  to  proceed  forthwith  to  New  Albany  and  there  to  report  to  the 
officers  of  the  Third  Regiment.  The  company  hastily  made  preparations 
to  leave  on  the  following  day — the  15th  of  June.  They  had  purchased  uni 
forms  of  bright  blue  jeans  and  had  styled  themselves  ''Brown  County 
Blues,"  a  name  by  which  they  were  known  all  through  the  war.  The  fol 
lowing  day  they  left  the  county,  followed  by  the  best  wishes  of  neighbors 
and  the  tears  and  warm  farewells  of  friends.  A  large  crowd  had  assem 
bled  to  see  them  leave  in  wagons.  The  company,  except  about  ten  of  their 
men,  who  remained  behind  to  arrange  their  business  affairs  before  joining 
their  comrades,  reached  New  Albany  on  the  17th  of  June  and  were  soon 
mustered  in  as  Company  E  of  the  Third  Indiana  Volunteers,  Colonel  James 
II.  Lane.  Here  the  company  and  its  regiment  remained  until  early  in 
July,  being  subjected  in  the  meantime  to  constant  parades  and  discipline  to 
fit  it  for  the  active  scenes  of  war.  *  *  * 

After  occupying  various  positions  the  regiment  started  north  on  the 
24th  of  May,  1847.  The  Brown  County  boys  reached  home  early  in  July, 
and  were  given  a  warm  welcome  by  their  relatives  and  friends. 


May,  1846. 


(Company  H,  3d  Regiment.) 

t  rum  History  of  Shelby  County. 

The  first  war  of  any  consequence  that  engaged  the  attention  of  the 
United  States  after  the  organization  of  Shelby  County  was  the  campaign 
against  Mexico.  In  that  war  Shelby  County  did  its  full  share.  Two  com 
panies  were  organized  in  the  county  for  the  Mexican  service.  The  first  of 
these  started  for  the  front  in  June,  1846.  It  was  Company  H,  in  the  Third 
Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers.  Its  officers  were :  Voorhis  Conover. 
Captain ;  Samuel  McKinsey,  First  Lieutenant ;  William  Aldredge,  Second 
Lieutenant,  and  Jonathan  Keith,  Third  Lieutenant.  It  was  a  full  com 
pany  and  served  for  one  year.  The  only  battle  of  consequence  in  which  it 
took  part  was  that  of  Buena  Vista.  In  that  engagement  a  few  in  the 
company  were  wounded.  At  the  expiration  of  its  service  it  returned  home, 
where  it  arrived  in  July.  1847.  Another  company  was  at  once  organized 
by  Lieutenant  McKinsey,  who  was  chosen  captain  of  this  second  company. 
But  little  can  now  be  learned  of  the  incidents  through  which  these  men 
passed  that  were  engaged  in  the  Conquest  of  Mexico. 

May,  1846. 


(Company  F,  2d  Regiment.) 

From  History  of  Lawrence  County. 

The  War  with  Mexico  brought  out  a  full  company  of  men  from  Law 
rence  County.  Under  the  act  of  Congress  approved  May  13,  1846,  the  Pres 
ident  of  the  United  States  called  for  volunteers,  and  three  regiments  were 
assigned  as  the  quota  of  Indiana.  The  county  militia  formed  the  nucleus 
that  furnished  the  men  for  the  company.  In  prompt  response  to  the  call 
Henry  Davis*.  Hon.  G.  G.  Dunn,  L.  Q.  Hoggatt,  Cyrus  Dunham,  George 
Carr,  Dr.  John  C.  Cavins,  E,  W.  Rice,  James  Carothers  and  others  called 
for  a  company  at  Leesville.  and  war  meetings  were  held  there  and  at  Bed 
ford,  Springville  and  perhaps  elsewhere,  and  within  a  week  a  full  com 
pany  was  raised  and  their  services  tendered  the  Governor.  So  rapidly  had 
the. work  been  done  that  the  company  was  one  of  the  few  accepted  out  of 
the  hundreds  offered,  and  the  men  were  ordered  to  report  at  New  Albany 
to  become  a  part  of  the  Second  Regiment.  An  election  of  officers  was  held 
at  Bedford,  with  tho  following  result :  Henry  Davis,  Captain ;  L.  Q.  Hog 
gatt,  First  Lieutenant :  C.  S.  Foster,  Second  Lieutenant:  Edmund  W. 
Rice,  Third  Lieutenant.  Many  of  the  men,  including  the  Captain,  came 
from  Leesville.  then  an  important  place  in  the  county.  The  old  court 
house  was  used  for  a  short  time  as  barracks,  while  the  organization  of  the 
company  was  being  perfected.  On  the  19th  of  June,  1846,  a  very  warm 
day,  the  company  were  drawn  up  on  the  public  square  in  Bedford  quite 
early  in  the  morning  to  bid  goodbye  to  their  friends  and  take  their  de 
parture  for  Xew  Albany  to  join  their  regiment.  They  listened  to  an  elo- 


quent  speech  of  parting  advice  from  their  fellow-citizen  and  neighbor,  Hon. 
George  G.  Dunn,  at  the  conclusion  of  which  each  member  of  the  company 
was  presented  with  a  testament  amid  handshakings,  tears,  passionate  em 
braces,  loving  words  of  farewell  and  the  imposing  ceremony  of  military 
departure  during  a  flourish  of  martial  music.  The  company  went  south 
over  the  Davis'  Ferry  road,  and  were  followed  to  the  river  by  a  large 
crowd  of  relatives  and  friends,  who  were  loath  to  part,  perhaps  forever, 
with  their  loved  ones.  Upon  their  arrival  in  New  Albany  they  became 
Company  F,  of  the  Second  Regiment.  They  were  known  at  home  and  in 
the  field  as  the  "Lawrence  Grays,"  and  were  a  fine  body  of  men. 

June,  18.'i(L 


(Company  F,  3d  Regiment.) 

From  History  of  Bartholomew  County. 

But  few  companies  responded  with  more  alacrity  than  did  Bartholo 
mew.  Immediately  after  the  call  of  the  Governor,  Isaac  N.  Boardman,  as 
sisted  by  Hardin  Ferry;  raised  a  company,  and  on  the  13th  of  June  left 
for  New  Albany,  the  place  of  rendezvous,  and  on  the  24th  of  said  month 
was  mustered  into  the  service  by  Samuel  Churchill.  The  company  was 
assigned  to  the  position  of  F  in  the  Third  Regiment,  commanded  by  Colonel 
J.  II.  Lane. 

June,  Iti.'id. 


(Company  C,  2d  Regiment.) 

From  History  of  Clay  County. 

Clay  County  furnished  two  companies  for  the  Mexican  War.  The  first 
military  experience  had  by  the  men  of  Indiana  was  in  this  war.  Company 
C,  Second  Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers,  was  raised  in  this  county,  in 
the  vicinity  of  Bowling  Green.  The  company  was  mustered  into  service 
at  Terre  Haute  in  June,  1846.  with  John  Osborn  of  Bowling  Green,  Cap 
tain  ;  Allen  T.  Rose,  First  Lieutenant,  and  John  T.  Alexander  and  Joshua 
Moore,  Second  Lieutenants.  The  regiment  was  commanded  by  Colonel 
Jim  Lane.  Immediately  after  being  mustered  in  the  regiment  was  trans 
ported  to  the  field  of  operations,  and  at  different  periods  of  the  war 
fought  under  the  command  of  Generals  Taylor  and  Scott,  participating  in 
many  of  the  most  sanguinary  battles  of  the  war.  After  an  honorable 
record  the  regiment  returned  homo  in  the  early  spring  of  1848.  after  the 
flose  of  the  war. 


June,  1846. 


(Company  C,  3d  Regiment.) 

From  History  of  Johnson  County. 

Johnson  County  shared  the  glory  which  attended  the  United  States 
arms  in  that  brief  and  brilliant  campaign  in  the  land  of  the  Montexumas. 
When  war  was  declared  against  Mexico  the  people  of  this  county  were 
among  the  foremost  to  offer  a  company  for  that  service.  *  *  * 

This  company  went  into  camp  at  New  Albany,  the  place  of  rendez 
vous.  It  was  assigned  to  the  Third  Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers,  and, 
early  in  July,  started  by  boat  for  the  seat  of  war.  It  shared  the  vicissi 
tudes  of  the  war  and  lost  a  considerable  number  through  death  and  sick 
ness.  Captain  Allen  was  among  those  who  died.  John  Armstrong  was 
killed  in  battle  at  Buena  Vista,  and  six  others  of  the  company  wounded. 
J.  Slater  was  chosen  captain  to  succeed  Allen,  and  Harvey  McCaslin  sec 
ond  lieutenant.  The  company  lost  in  all  about  fifteen  by  death,  nearly  all 
of  which  was  caused  by  disease.  On  their  return  home  in  August,  1847, 
the  people  of  the  whole  country  turned  out  to  welcome  them.  It  was  re 
ported  as  one  of  the  largest  meetings  that  had  ever  been  held  in  the 
county  up  to  that  time.  A  free  dinner  was  served  to  all  present,  after 
which  an  address  of  welcome  was  delivered  by  Mr.  Gabriel  M.  Overstreet, 
which  was  responded  to  by  Captain  Slater  on  behalf  of  the  company. 
Colonel  Joseph  Lane,  who  was  in  command  of  the  Third  Regiment,  was 
called  upon  and  spoke  for  more  than  an  hour.  He  reviewed  the  move 
ments  of  the  regiment  in  the  field  and  was  cheered  heartily. 


Democrat,  June  12,  1846. 

We  have  been  politely  furnished  by  Adjutant-General  Reynolds  with 
the  following  list  of  volunteer  companies,  which  have  been  commissioned 
by  the  Governor  since  the  first  of  June,  being  the  first  commissions  since 
the  present  call  for  volunteers : 


(Commissioned  June  1st.)  (Commissioned   June  3d.) 

Captain — James  H.  Lane.  Captain — Henry  S.   Lane. 

First  Lieutenant— George  Dunn.  First  Lieutenant — Allen  May. 

Second      Lieutenant— Benjamin  J.       Second  Lieutenant— Lewis  E.  Way- 
Spooner.  land. 


(Commissioned   June   2d.)  (Commissioned  June  4th.) 

Captain — Spear  S.  Tipton.  Captain — James  P.  Drake. 

First    Lieutenant — Stanislaus    Las-  First  Lieutenant — John   McDougall. 

selle.  Second  Lieutenant — Lewis  Wallace. 
Second  Lieutenant — Wm.  L.  Brown. 



(Commissioned  June  5th.) 
Captain — John  Osborn. 
First  Lieutenant — A.  T.  Rose. 
Second  Lieutenant — J.  T.  Alexander. 


(Commissioned  June  6th.) 
Captain — Abraham  Dennis. 
First  Lieutenant — David  C.  Shanks. 
Second  Lieutenant — Josiah  Burwell. 

(Commissioned  June  8th.) 
Captain— R.  II.  Milroy. 
First  Lieutenant — A.   L.  Robinson. 
Second  Lieutenant — W.  10.  Persons. 


(Commissioned  June  8th.) 
Captain — Henry  Davis. 
First  Lieutenant— L.  Q.  Hoggatt. 
Second  Lieutenant — J.   C.  Foster. 


(Commissioned  June  8th.) 
Captain— R.   M.   Evans. 
First  Lieutenant — R.  W.  Lyon. 
Second   Lieutenant — James  McMan- 

(Commissioned  June  8th.) 
Captain — William   Walker. 
An  old  company  filled  up. 
Vanderburgh  ( 'ounty. 

(Commissioned  June  1st.) 
Captain — John  M.   Sluss. 
First  Lieutenant — John   Eller. 
Second  Lieutenant — Aquilla  Rogers. 


(Commissioned   June   2d.) 
Captain— John  II.  Roberts. 
First  Lieutenant— Daniel  A.  Farley. 
Second     Lieutenant  —  Richard     W. 

(Commissioned   June  3d.) 
Captain — David  Allen. 
First  Lieutenant — David  Provine. 
Second   Lieutenant — Elsey  Mathes. 

(Commissioned  June  4th.) 
Captain— J.    W.    Wilson. 
First  Lieutenant — Jonas  Hoover. 
Second   Lieutenant — Philip   Parcels. 


(Commissioned  June  5th.) 
Captain — W.  A.  Bowles. 
First  Lieutenant — T.  B.  Kinder. 
Second   Lieutenant — W.   T.    Spicely. 


(Commissioned  June  6th.) 
Captain — Scott  Carter. 
First  Lieutenant — William   Price. 
Second  Lieutenant — Smith  Dumont. 


(Commissioned  June  8th.) 
Captain — Isaac  S.  Boardinan. 
First    Lieutenant — Henieu    H.    Bar- 


Second  Lieutenant — G.  W.  Harring 


(Commissioned  June  8th.) 
Captain — James   Taggart. 
First  Lieutenant— T.  M.  Adams. 
Second   Lieutenant — P.    C.   Parker. 


(Commissioned  June  8th.) 
Captain — L.  II.  Rousseau. 
First  Lieutenant — Adam  Stropes. 
Second  Lieutenant— David  Irwin. 



(Commissioned  June  8th.) 
Captain— William  Ford. 
An  old  company  filled  up. 
Jefferson  County. 

(Commissioned  June  8th.) 
Captain — W.   L.    Sanderson. 
An  old  company  filled  up. 
Floyd  County. 

(Commissioned  June  9th.) 
Captain — Thomas    L.    Sullivan. 
First  Lieutenant — Horace  Hall. 
Second    Lieutenant— John    Harring 



(Commissioned  June  9th.) 
Captain — C.  C.  Nave. 
First  Lieutenant — S.  C.  Crawford. 
Second  Lieutenant — Sam']    Miloque. 


(Commissioned  June  9th.) 
Captain — J.   W.   McLane. 
First  Lieutenant — T.  R.  Lewis. 
Second   Lieutenant — C.  F.   Colerick. 

(Commissioned  June  9th.) 

Captain — Cyrus  Gresham. 
An  old  company  filled  up. 
Harrison  County. 

(Commissioned  June  10th.) 
Captain— William  M.  McCarty. 
First    Lieutenant — John    B.    Camp 
Second  Lieutenant — John  M.  Myers. 

(Commissioned  June  9th.) 
Captain — V.  Conover. 
First   Lieutenant — S.    McKenzey. 
Second  Lieutenant — J.  Keeth. 


(Commissioned  June  9th.) 

Captain — Nathan  Kimball. 

First  Lieutenant — Wm.  Schoonover. 

Second  Lieutenant — Jas.  J.  Hogens. 


(Commissioned  June  9th.)       ' 
Captain — J.   W.   Briggs. 
First  Lieutenant — Justice  Davis. 
Second  Lieutenant — Israel  Benefil. 


(Commissioned  June  9th.) 
Captain— T.  W.  Gibson. 
First    .Lieutenant — Harrison    Daily. 
Second  Lieutenant — D.  L.  Fonts. 


(Commissioned  June  10th.) 
Captain — David  W.   Lewis. 
First       Lieutenant  —  Bradford       B. 

See-on;!    Lieutenant — John    Russell. 

Democrat,  June  12,  1846. 

Captain  Tipton's  company,  the  Cass  County  Volunteers,  arrived  here 
on  Wednesday  last  at  noon  on  their  way  to  New  Albany.  They  are  a  fine 
looking  company  of  men,  drill  with  precision  and  are  a  credit  to  them 
selves  and  their  country.  They  expect  to  leave  here  today. 


Democrat,  June  12,  1846. 

It  is  with  emotions  of  pride  that  we  announce  that  Indiana  has  most 
promptly  answered  the  call  made  upon  her  patriotism  and  has  raised  her 
full  quota  of  men  according  to  the  requisition  made  uponjher  hy  the  War 
Department.  On  Wednesday  afternoon  the  complement  of  thirty  compa 
nies  were  commissioned  and  accepted.  Other  companies  are  still  report 
ing  themselves,  and  the  Governor  grants  them  permission  under  the  direc 
tion  that  they  do  not  march  to  the  rendezvous  without  special  orders. 
These  companies  will  not  be  called  for  unless  .older  companies  fail  to  reach 
the  rendezvous  in  time,  or  in  case  of  an  accident  or  other  failure  to  report, 
and  will  then  take' precedence  according  to  date  of  commission.  No  doubt 
exists  that  the  number  of  men  who  cannot  be  received  will  be  very  large, 
probably  equal  to  the  number  which  can  be  received.  Well  done,  Indiana ! 


Democrat,  June  12,  1846. 

Congress,  on  the  4th  inst.,  passed  a  supplementary  War  Bill,  which 
raises  the  monthly  pay  of  volunteers  to  $10.00  per  month  and  their  cloth 
ing  pay  to  $3.50  per  month,  making  their  aggregate  pay  $13.50  per  month. 

Democrat,  June  12,  1846. 

The  ladies  of  our  city  are  preparing  a  valuable  and  splendid  flag  to 
be  presented  to  the  Marion  Volunteers  at  some  appropriate  time  previous 
to  their  departure. 


Madison  Courier,  June  13,  1846. 

On  last  Tuesday  evening  Captain  Ford's  company  started  for  New  Al 
bany.  We  never  on  any  occasion  have  seen  as  much  feeling  exhibited  by 
our  citizens.  The  ladies  showed  the  right  spirit;  before  they  departed 
they  presented  the  company  with  a  rich  and  beautiful  flag,  through  Miss 
Isabella  Rowe,  who  did  justice  to  the  occasion  and  credit  to  the  ladies. 
Her  remarks  were  very  appropriate  and  well  spoken.  The  crowd  which 
had  assembled  at  the  wharf  to  witness  the  departure  showed  by  their  loud 
and  repeated  cheers  their  feelings,  which,  we  are  pleased  to  say,  are  just 
what  they  should  be  in  the  present  instance.  The  gallant  boys  of  our 
State  are  determined  to  fill  the  requisition  if  it  is  not  already  filled.  The 
glorious  cause  of  defending  their  country  and  maintaining  the  honor  of  the 
republic  as  well  as  our  State  fills  their  souls  with  patriotism  and  bravery. 



CINCINNATI,  June  13,  1846. 

SIR — I  have  the  honor  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  letter  of  the 
7th  inst.  and  have  only  time  to  say  that  on  the  7th  inst.  an  officer,  Captain 
Allen,  Assistant  Quartermaster,  was  sent  to  New  Albany  with  orders  to 
furnish  quartermaster's  stores  to  the  volunteers  directed  to  rendezvous 
there.  A  commissary  of  subsistence  (Lieutenant  Patrick)  at  Louisville 
will  furnish  the  subsistence  necessary,  and  I  know  that  both  officers  have 
for  some  time  been  engaged  in  those  duties.  Arms  and  accoutrements  will 
be  supplied  from  the  Baton  Rouge  arsenal  as  the  volunteers  are  en  route 
for  Texas.  Tents  and  camp  equipage  will  be  furnished  by  the  quarter 
master  here  (Major  Tompkins)  by  the  middle  of  next  week.  In  the  mean 
while  Captain  Allen  has  been  ordered  to  erect  temporary  shelters  and  fur 
nish  camp  equipage  for  those  who  arrive  at  the  rendezvous  before  that 
time.  Paymaster  Dix  is  here  and  will  be  ready  to  pay  the  volunteers  the 
amount  of  the  clothing  allowed  to  each  man,  some  $36,  as  soon  as  they 
are  mustered  into  the  service.  Colonel  Churchill  has  been  ordered  to  per 
form  that  duty. 

I  feel  it  my  duty  to  detain  the  men  here  until  they  are  properly  pre 
pared  for  the  campaign  in  Mexico. 

I  have  the  honor  to  be,  sir, 

Most  respectfully,  your  obedient  servant, 

Brigadier-General  U.  S.  A. 

To  His  Excellency,  James  Whitcornb,  Governor  of  Indiana,  Indianapolis. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  June  14,  1846. 

The  Montgomery  Volunteers,  under  Captain  H.  S.  Lane,  arrived  in 
town  yesterday  on  their  way  to  camp  at  New  Albany ;  they  were  escorted 
into  town  by  Captain  Drake's  company.  The  Montgomery  company  will 
not  tarnish  the  fame  of  their  heroic  name.  They  came  from  the  heart 
of  the  State,  and  although  their  manners  may  be  somewhat  unpolished, 
they  can  send  a  leaden  messenger  with  unerring  aim.  Such  men  cannot 
be  conquered. 

On  yesterday  morning  the  Cass  County  Volunteers  marched  for  New 
Albany,  the  Governor  and  the  Adjutant-General  escorting  them  to  the 
boundary  of  the  city. 

We  hear  that  a  messenger  rode  express  from  Martiusville  on  Thursday 
to  offer  the  services  of  a  corps  of  volunteers  at  that  place. 

The  company  of  Indiana  Volunteers  under  Captain  J.  H.  Lane  (a 
young  son  of  Hon.  Amos  Lane)  left  Lawrenceburg  on  Wednesday  for  New 
Albany  on  the  "Pike  No.  7."  It  is  a  fine  company,  composed  chiefly  of 



young  farmers  and  mechanics  of  the  best  character.  The  parting  scene  at 
the  landing  between  the  volunteers  and  their  female  friends  was  in  the 
highest  degree  affecting.  Mothers,  sisters  and  doubtless  sweethearts  were 
among  the  vast  crowd,  and  he  must  have  a  cold  heart  indeed  who  could 
witness  unmoved  the  wringing  of  hands,  the  parting  blessings  and  the 
tears  which  freely  flowed  from  the  eyes  of  tenderness  and  love.  Most  fer 
vently  we  hope  that  every  tie  thus  severed  may  be  again  reunited  under 
the  happiest  auspices. 

A  company  of  volunteers,  we  understand,  was  to  leave  Vevay  for  New 
Albany  on  Thursday.  All  along  the  river  the  spirit  of  patriotism  is  over 
flowing  ;  at  every  town  and  almost  every  house  men,  women  and  children 
greet  the  volunteers  on  board  the  boat  with  the  waving  of  kerchiefs  and 
hearty  hux/ahs.  We  regret  that  we  have  not  time  at  present  for  details. 


LOUISVILLE,  15th  June,  1846. 

Hon.  James  Whitcomb,  Governor  of  Indiana  : 

SIR — I  had  the  honor  to  receive  yesterday  at  Cincinnati  your  letter  of 
the  10th  inst..  in  answer  to  which  I  would  observe  that  in  my  letter  of  the 
13th  inst.  I  informed  you  that  Paymaster  Dix,  U.  S.  A.,  had  arrived  with 
funds  to  pay  the  volunteers  of  your  State,  as  soon  as  they  are  mustered 
into  service,  the  amount  of  $36  or  more,  allowed  for  clothing  to  the  rank 
and  file.  On  further  inquiry  I  find  that  he  has  not  the  funds  with  him, 
but  expects  them  in  the  course  of  eight  days. 

In  order  that  the  sums  advanced  for  clothing  be  reimbursed,  it  will  be 
necessary  to  have  the  amount  due  from  each  man  made  out  and  presented 
at  the  time  he  is  to  receive  his  pay,  when,  if  acknowledged  to  be  due,  it 
will  be  paid  to  the  claimant  by  the  paymaster.  The  expenses  of  transport 
ing  the  men  from  their  temporary  rendezvous,  to  the  general  rendezvous  at 
New  Albany,  I  presume,  I  can  arrange  to  your  satisfaction ;  at  least  I  will 
endeavor  to  do  so  as  soon  as  I  can  attend  to  the  subject,  which  I  shall 
make  it  my  business  to  do  before  the  regiments  leave  your  State. 

I  have  the  honor  to  be,  very  respectfully. 

Your  obedient  servant, 

Brigadier-General  U.  S.  Armv. 


INDIANAPOLIS,  IND.,  June  15,  1846. 
General  Orders  No.  5. 

I.  The  Governor  and  Commander  in  Chief  takes  great  pleasure  in 
announcing  to  the  officers  and  soldiers  and  to  the  citizens  at  large  that  on 
the  10th  inst.  the  entire  number  of  volunteers  called  for  from  Indiana,  con- 


sisting  of  thirty  companies  of  infantry  and  riflemen,  have  been  reported  to 
this  office  and  their  services  duly  tendered  and  accepted  for  the  existing 
war  between  the  United  States  and  the  Republic  of  Mexico. 

II.  There  have  been  subsequently  reported  for  the  same  service  sev 
enteen  additionarcoinpanies  (and  a  considerable  number  of  others  are  still 
expected),  whose  services  the  Commander  in  Chief  has,  with  great  regret, 
been  compelled  to  decline  in  consequence  of  the  limited  number  called  for 
having  already  been  supplied,  as  above  stated. 

III.  The  companies  subsequently  reported  will,  as  they  have  already 
been  informed  by  letter,  be  called  on  in  the  order  iii  which  they  have  been 
reported,  to  fill  any  vacancies  occasioned  by  the  failure  of  any  accepted 
companies  to  march  to  the  place  of  rendezvous,  if  any  there  should  be. 

IV.  Should  the  commandant  of  any  accepted  company  discover  that 
he  will  be  unable  to  march  his  company  to  the  place  of  rendezvous,  duly 
organized,  with  at  least  seventy-seven  officers  and  privates,  by  the  20th 
inst.  he  will  immediately  report  this  expected  inability  to  the  undersigned 
in  order  that  the  first  subsequently  reported  companies  may  be  promptly 
assigned  to  the  vacancy,  with  the  least  possible  delay.     The  absolute  ne 
cessity  for  prompt  attention  to  this  rule  must  be  manifest. 

V.  Companies   subsequently   reported   will    perceive   the   necessity   of 
holding  themselves  in  momentary  readiness  to  answer  any  such  exigency 
as  that  just  mentioned. 

VI.  .  Should  the  honor  and  interests  of  the  country  occasion  another 
and  similar  call  on  the  citizen  soldiers  of  Indiana,  the  companies  subse- 
sequently  reported  will  be  entitled  to  the  preference,  should  they  still  de 
sire  it. 

VII.  In   answer   to   numerous   applications   for   appointment   as   sur 
geons,  assistant  surgeons  and  other  staff  officers,  it  is  proper  to  say  that 
the  Governor  does  not  possess  the  power  of  making  any   such  appoint 
ments.    By  the  law  of  Indiana  the  proper  Colonel  appoints  the  regimental 
staff,  but  most  probably  a  bill  has  by  this  time  received  the  sanction  of 
Congress  conferring  that  power  upon  the  President,  so  far  as  surgeons  and 
assistant  surgeons  are  concerned. 

VIII.  The  Commander  in  Chief  will  repair  to  the  place  of  rendezvous 
by  the  20th  instant  at  farthest  for  the  purpose  of  aiding  in  the  final  or 
ganization  of  the  troops  there  assembled;    of  taking  early  steps  for  filling 
the  place  of  any  company  which  may  be  found  absent  on  that  day ;    of 
making  early  arrangements  for  supplying  such  of  the  volunteers  with  suit 
able  clothing  as  may  require  it,  and  generally  of  consulting  their  comfort 
and  welfare.     In  the  meantime  all  military  correspondence  must  be  ad 
dressed  to  the  undersigned. 

By  order  of  the  Governor  and  Commander  in  Chief. 

Adjutant-General  Indiana  Militia. 

Madison  Courier,  June  16,  1846. 

The  volunteers  from  Switzerland  County  went  down  on  Thursday 
evening  on  the  Swiftsure  No.  4.  This  company  consists  of  one  hundred 
and  twenty-five  men  under  the  command  of  Captain  Carter.  All  stout. 


noble  men,  perfect  "lloosier  Rangers,"  and  can  no  doubt  light  successfully 
five  times  their  number  of  Mexicans. 

Madison  Courier,  June  16,  1846. 

Captain  Sullivan  is  fast  making  preparations  and  will  be  off  some  time 
next  week.    The  ladies  will  present  his  company  with  an  elegant  flag. 


Madison  Banner,  June  17,  1846. 

Indiana  has  nobly  responded  to  the  requisition  made  upon  her  for  vol 
unteers,  the  thirtieth  and  last  company  having  been  commissioned  on  the 
10th  inst.  Several  other  companies  have  been  reported  since,  which  are 
held  in  reservation  to  be  accepted  on  the  contingency  of  the  failure  of  any 
one  or  more  of  the  companies  already  commissioned.  They  will  be  finally 
organized  at  New  Albany  on  Monday  next,  when  and  where  the  Governor 
as  announced  in  General  Order  No.  3,  will  attend  in  person. 

Some  of  the  companies  from  this  State  will  well  bear  comparison  with 
any  company  from  any  section  of  the  country,  not  even  excepting  "Old 
Kentuck."  The  Cass  County  Volunteers,  commanded  by  Captain  Tipton, 
who  arrived  here  on  Saturday  evening  on  their  way  to  the  place  of  gen 
eral  rendezvous,  extorted  the  admiration  of  every  beholder,  and  we  re 
joice  to  learn  from  our  Louisville  exchanges  that  the  Washington  Guards 
of  this  city,  under  the  command  of  our  old  friend  and  neighbor,  Captain 
Ford,  passed  under  review  of  the  whole  city  of  Louisville  with  distin 
guished  approbation. 

N.  B. — The  Madison  Rifles,  Captain  Sullivan,  the  second  company  from 
this  city,  will  depart  this  evening.  A  flag  will  be  presented  to  them  at  5 
o'clock  at  the  residence  of  Dr.  Norwood.  Come,  let  us  attend  the  cere 
mony  of  presentation  and  then  proceed  to  the  wharf  to  bid  the  gallant 
fellows  farewell. 


Madison  Banner,  June  17,  1846. 

At  a  company  meeting  of  the  Washington  Guards,  of  the  city  of 
Madison,  held  at  Camp  Whitcomb,  near  New  Albany,  on  Saturday  even 
ing,  the  13th  inst.,  the  following  resolutions  were  offered  by  Captain  Ford, 
and  on  motion  were  unanimously  adopted : 

Resolved,  That  we  feel  under  great  obligations  to  the  citizens  of  Madi 
son  for  their  generous  aid  in  preparing  us  for  our  departure  for  the  seat 
of  war  and  that  we  have  left  them  with  the  pleasing  assurance  that 
should  we  fall  in  the  battles  of  our  country,  they  will  kindly  remember 
those  whom  we  have  left  depending  upon  us. 

Resolved,  That  we  acknowledge  with  deep  gratitude  of  heart  the  kind 
assistance  of  the  ladies  of  Madison  in  preparing  our  outfit,  and  especially 
do  we  thank  them  for  the  splendid  flag  they  have  presented  to  us,  and 
now,  beneath  its  folds,  we  pledge  ourselves  to  them  and  to  each  other, 
that  we  will  defend  that  flag  amid  the  din  and  fury  of  battle,  and  that  we 
will  bear  it  back  in  triumph  or  die  beneath  it  in  glory. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  June  17,  1846. 

Just  as  our  paper  is  going  to  press  the  twentieth  company  has  been 
reported  to  the  Adjutant-General's  office  over  and  above  the  complement 
of  thirty  companies  called  for  from  this  State.  Well  done,  Indiana. 

Ohio,  with  thrice  our  population  and  four  times  our  wealth,  was  called 
on  to  furnish  the  same  number  of  men  and  had  two  days  the  start  of  us, 
and  yet  our  quota  was  made  up  on  the  10th  inst.,  not  any  longer  time,  we 
believe,  than  that  required  by  Ohio. 

When  the  requisition  reached  here  on  the  21st  it  found  us  with  our 
militia  system  broken  and  in  ruins  after  thirty  years  of  peace.  Not  a 
dollar  had  been  appropriated  by  the  State  or  the  General  Government  for 
such  an  emergency,  yet  the  Governor  devised  a  system,  mainly  on  his  own 
responsibility,  in  time  for  his  proclamation  for  the  very  next  day,  and  he 
and  Adjutant-General  Reynolds  have  ever  since  been  incessantly  occupied 
looking  after  everything  and  answering  correspondence,  without  even  a 
private  secretary,  which  office  was  abolished  immediately  upon  the  Gov 
ernor  coming  into  office.  The  Governor  is  much  indisposed  and  fatigued  by 
labor  night  and  day,  yet  he  will  be  ready  to  go  with  our  troops  to  New- 
Albany  to  aid  in  their  organization  and  to  do  everything  for  their  comfort 
and  welfare  before  they  leave  the  State.  Well  done,  Indiana. 


Madison  Courier,  July  18,  1846. 

A  man  named  Meyer,  who  volunteered  in  Captain  Ford's  company,  fell 
dead  upon  the  wharf  in  New  Albany  on  Wednesday  last;  the  death  was 
caused  by  intense  heat  while  on  duty. 


Indiana  Democrat,  June  19,  1846. 

Thousands  of  our  citizens  assembled  on  Wednesday  morning  last  to 
bid  farewell  to  the  brave  and  generous  company  of  young  men  who  have 
come  forward  at  their  country's  call  to  defend  her  honor.  When  it  comes 
to  the  test  of  parting  and  the  reflection  which  forces  itself  upon  the  mind, 
that  when  they  return,  if  at  all,  that  it  will  be  with  broken  ranks,  it  is 
well  calculated  to  inspire  one  with  feelings  of  apprehension  and  sadness. 
Some  will  fall,  doubtless,  by  disease,  others,  and  it  may  be  many,  will  fall 
in  battle,  and  others  by  fatigue  and  the  necessary  hardships  of  the  sol 
dier's  life.  But  their  reward  is  the  approval  of  their  own  consciences,  and 
the  gratitude  of  their  country. 

At  about  eight  o'clock  the  company  were  marched  from  their  camp 
near  town  to  General  Drake's  door  (accompanied  by  the  Wabash  Invinci- 
bles,  a  fine  company  from  Delphi,  commanded  by  Captain  R.  H,  Milroy), 


where  they  were  presented  with  a  beautiful  flag  by  the  ladies  of  In 

Mrs.  Bolton,  who  was  selected  by  the  ladies  for  that  purpose,  addressed 
the  company  in  the  following  words : 

"Citizen  Soldiers:  I  am  delegated  by  the  ladies  of  Indianapolis  to 
present  to  you  this  banner  as  a  token  of  the  interest  they  feel  in  the  cause 
that  now  agitates  our  common  country.  Much  as  we  may  regret  our  un 
fortunate  difficulties  with  Mexico,  much  as  the  finest  feelings  of  our  nature 
may  be  shocked  by  scenes  of  carnage  and  bloodshed,  war  is  the  only  alter 
native  left  us  consistent  with  our  National  honor. 

"We  have  already  met  the  foe  and  our  troops  have  triumphed  glori 
ously.  It  is  true  that  some  of  them  have  fallen,  and  their  comrades  have 
made  their  graves  in  a  strange  land,  but  they  have  won  laurels  as  death 
less  as  our  country's  glory;  they  have  left  names  that  will  be  remembered 
while  our  country  has  a  heart  to  love  her  or  an  arm  to  defend  her. 

"This  voluntary  tender  of  your  services  in  defense  of  our  National 
rights  is  an  additional  evidence  that  the  mantles  of  our  revolutionary 
fathers  have  descended  upon  their  children.  No  restraint  was  put  upon 
your  inclinations;  no  pampered  despot  bid  you  go  forth  to  the  battlefield. 
You  heard  that  your  country  was  invaded;  you  heard  her  call  to  arms, 
and  simultaneously  your  hearts  responded:  it  is  my  country  and  this  arm 
shall  defend  her. 

"Go  forth  to  the  conflict;  prove  yourselves  worthy  of  the  heritage  of 
freedom ;  and  may  He  who  controls  the  destinies  of  nations  and  individ 
uals  restore  you  to  your  homes  in  peace  and  happiness. 

"Go  forth — you  will  triumph ;  but  remember  that  the  eyes  of  the  world 
are  upon  you ;  that  your  deeds  will  be  chronicled  on  the  pages  of  history, 
and  held  up  to  the  gaze  of  millions  yet  unborn.  In  the  flush  of  victory 
forget  not  the  dictates  of  humanity ;  add  no  unnecessary  insult  to  a  fallen 
foe;  let  the  world  see  that  American  soldiers  are  as  generous  as  they  are 

"Bear  this  banner  to  the  battlefield.  We  know  it  will  not  be  dishon 
ored.  Our  prayers  shall  ascend  to  Heaven  for  your  preservation ;  our 
hands  shall  strew  flowers  in  your  pathway  when  you  return  victorious." 

To  which  Captain  Drake,  on  behalf  of  his  command,  replied. 

John  H.  Bradley,  Esq.,  on  behalf  of  the  citizens  generally,  addressed 
Captain  Drake  and  his  company  in  a  speech  which  we  do  not  hesitate  to 
pronounce  one  of  the  very  finest  things  of  the  kind  we  ever  heard. 

Governor  Whitcomb,  in  a  few  brief  remarks,  after  congratulating  the 
citizens  of  Indiana  on  their  promptitude  and  patriotism,  bade  them  adieu 
when  they  took  up  the  line  of  march. 


From  Campaign  in  Mexico,  Isaac  Reed,  First  Indiana,  June,  1846. 

There  is  a  fact  connected  with  the  history  of  the  Second  Regiment 
that  should  not  be  omitted,  as  it  may  be  considered  the  germ  of  some  of 
the  evils  that  followed.  Colonel  Joseph  Lane,  who  first  had  command  of 
the  Second  Regiment,  before  leaving  New  Albany,  received  a  commission 


from  the  President  as  Brigadier-General  and  was  assigned  the  command 
of  the  Indiana  Brigade.  An  election  was  ordered  at  Camp  Wliitcomb. 
near  New  Albany,  to  till  the  vacancy  of  colonel  in  the  Second  Regiment, 
the  result  of  which  was  that  Captain  W.  L.  Sanderson,  of.  the  Spencer 
Greys,  received  the  highest  vote ;  but,  unfortunately  for  the  future  destiny 
of  that  regiment,  no  return  was  made  of  the  votes  cast  by  Captain  Wal 
ker's  company,  and,  by  omitting  the  vote  of  this  company,  the  result  was 
changed,  as  Captain  W.  A.  Bowles  had  the  largest  vote  in  the  remaining 
nine  companies.  The  clerk  in  Captain  Walker's  company,  who  was  di 
rected  to  make  out  a  return,  never  performed  that  duty,  and  he  is  an 
swerable  to  his  own  conscience  for  the  neglect,  knowing,  as  he  must,  the 
evils  which  it  has  produced,  as  well  as  the  cause  of  them.  Three  com 
panies  refused  to  sign  a  certificate  of  election,  in  consequence  of  the  exist 
ing  circumstances.  All  these  facts  were  made  known  to  Governor  Whit- 
comb  and  Adjutant-General  Reynolds,  and  the  consequence  was  a  prompt 
refusal  to  give  a  commission  to  Captain  Bowles.  After  the  Second  Regi 
ment  had  arrived  at  Brazos  Santiago  a  new  election  was  held,  and  Cap 
tain  W.  A.  Bowles  was  elected  colonel,  but  did  not  take  command  of  the 
regiment  until  he  received  his  commission. 


SOUTH  BEND,  June  19,  1846. 

DEAR  SIR — The  proposition  of  your  Excellency  in  relation  to  a  loan 
to  the  State  was  laid  before  the  directors,  who  adopted  the  following 
resolution,  which  it  has  been  made  my  duty 'to  communicate: 

"Resolved,  That  the  president  of  this  branch  bank.  Mr.  Jernegan,  ad 
vise  the  Governor  of  this  State,  explaining  the  reasons  why  it  is  im 
possible  for  this  branch  at  this  time  to  make  the  loan  to  the  State,  and 
express  our  regret  that"  the  circumstances  of  the  bank  and  the  community 
will  not  enable  us  to  do  so." 

The  circumstances  which  render  it  impracticable  to  make  a  loan  to 
the  State  for  any  considerable  amount  are  as  follows : 

Some  four  or  five  years  since  the  failure  of  Coquillard  threw  upon 
the  bank  a  large  suspended  debt,  which  has  since  been  converted  into 
real  estate,  the  only  available  security  which  the  bank  could  obtain.  This 
transaction  reduced  the  active  means  of  the  bank  some  $40,000  and  up 
wards.  As  the  bank  would  be  liable  to  suspension  on  failure  to  divide  G 
per  cent,  per  annum  on  the  whole  capital  stock,  and  as  all  her  present 
active  means  are  necessary  to  secure  this  result,  you  will  not  fail  to  ap 
preciate  the  propriety  of  the  course  pursued  by  the  directors. 
Most  respectfully,  your  obedient  servant. 

J.  S.  JERNEGAN,  President. 

N.  B. — It  is  proper  to  add  that  letters  were  received  also  from  the 
New  Albany,  Evansville  and  Fort  Wayne  branches,  which  have  been  mis 
laid.  The  former  branch,  however,  offered  to  advance  $10,000 ;  the  sec 
ond,  it  is  said  and  believed,  offered  to  advance  the  same  amount,  and  the 


last,  it  is  believed,  offered  to  advance  $2,000  to  aid  in  the  organization  of 
the  volunteers.  The  latter  branch,  it,  is  now  ascertained,  did  advance  in 
the  manner  mentioned  in  the  Executive's  message,  delivered  at  the  pres 
ent  session,  the  sum  of  $1,300,  being  all  that  was  required  of  it. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  June  20,  1846. 

The  Marion  Volunteers  under  Captain  Drake  left  for  New  Albany  on 
Wednesday  morning.  Previous  to  departure  a  flag  was  presented  which 
had  been  prepared  for  the  purpose  by  a  few  patriotic  ladies  boarding  at 
Drake's  Hotel.  Mrs.  Bolton  made  the  presentation  address,  which  was 
responded  to  by  Captain  Drake.  John  H.  Bradley,  Esq.,  then  made  a  very 
eloquent  and  appropriate  farewell  address,  which  was  followed  by  a  few 
remarks  by  Governor  Whitcomb.  A  large  crowd  gathered  to  witness  the 
departure  of  the  volunteers,  and  the  exhibition  of  feeling  on  the  part  of 
their  friends,  male  and  female,  was  very  affecting. 


Madison,  Courier,  June  20,  1846. 

Captain  Sullivan's  company,  the  second  from  "deep  diggins,"  departed 
for  New  Albany  last  Wednesday.  His  company  was  comprised  of  the 
most  moral  and  industrious  portion  of  our  young  men  and  will  compare 
with  any  from  our  State,  and  we  believe  will  excel  the  best  from  Ken 
tucky,  although  we  hear  so  much  bragging  about  fine  companies  from  our 
neighbors.  The  ladies  again  added  honor  to  themselves  by  presenting 
them,  through  Miss  Eliza  Verry,  with  a  very  rich  flag.  We  shall  watch 
the  movements  of  this  company  with  considerable  interest.  Our  best 
wishes  for  their  health  and  prosperity. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  June  20,  1846. 

The  New  Albany  Democrat  says  that  the  above  is  the  name  given  to 
the  place  where  the  volunteers  of  this  State  are  to  rendezvous.  It  is  a 
beautiful  spot  situated  on  the  Ohio  River  about  a  mile  above  New  Albany. 

Captain  Walker's  company  from  Evansville  was  the  first  from  a  dis 
tance  to  appear  at  the  camp.  There  will  be  stirring  times  at  New  Albany 
for  a  week  or  two. 


June,  1846. 

At  breakfast  a  few  days  after  the  battle  of  Resaca  some  one  said 
there  was  a  rumor  in  town  of  a  call  for  troops  by  the  Government.  This 
was  what  I  had  been  hoping  and  expecting.  I  could  scarcely  await  the 
hour  when  the  Adjutant-General  of  the  State  might  be  encountered  in  his 
office.  Then  promptly  I  interviewed  the  General. 

Prior  to  that  day  the  adjutant-generalcy  had  been  bare  of  importance, 
because  without  patronage  or  a  decent  salary;  the  title  was  its  only  at 
traction.  The  office  had  its  habitat  in  the  state  house.  I  call  it  "office" 
in  lack  of  another  word  more  exactly  descriptive.  There  being  no  or 
ganized  militia,  why  an  office,  or  for  that  matter,  an  Adjutant-General? 

David  Reynolds,  the  incumbent,  was  a  good-looking  person,  stout, 
rubicund  and  affable,  who  had  not  yet  appeared  in  uniform.  He  knew 
nothing  military,  and  to  his  credit,  he  made  no  pretension  to  such  knowl 
edge.  His  appreciation  of  the  title  even  needed  cultivation.  He  was  in 
telligent  and  willing  to  learn.  I  found  him  in  a  flustrated  state,  not  un 
like  that  of  a  mother  hen  unexpectedly  visited  by  a  marauding  hawk. 
There  were  a  hundred  things  to  do,  blanks  to  be  prepared,  books  to  be 
opened,  everything  indeed  that  ought  to  have  been  done  long  before  and 
that  would  have  been  done  but  for  the  lack  of  a  needful  appropriation.  A 
corresponding  inexperience  on  the  part  of  the  Governor  heightened  the 
confusion  of  the  staff  officers. 

A  statue  in  bronze  of  James  Whitcomb.  Governor  of  Indiana  in  1846. 
is  a  conspicuous  object  in  connection  with  the  soldiers'  monument  at  In 
dianapolis.  As  a  tribute  to  a  citizen  who  happened  to  be  Chief  Magis 
trate  at  the  outbreak  of  the 'war  with  Mexico,  it  is  well  deserved.  I  had 
the  good  fortune  to  know  him,  though  at  a  distance.  His  position  was  too 
exalted  for  familiar  acquaintance  with  so  young  a  man.  He  was  a  lover 
of  books.  His  fine  library  was  useful  as  well  as  ornamental.  It  was  a 
certificate  that  his  reputation  for  learning  and  scholarly  attainments  was 

There  were  certain  peculiarities  of  taste  and  habit  which  impressed 
the  Governor  upon  me.  He  was  a  musician,  who,  like  Thomas  Jefferson, 
did  not  disdain,  when  in  privacy,  to  ease  himself  of  care  by  the  exorcism 
there  is  in  a  violin  masterfully  dominated.  He  knew  how  to  pass  from  a 
melody  of  Tom  Moore's  to  a  plantation  jig  and  bring  out  the  differences 
between  them.  He  was  also  a  smoker.  With  him  there  was  no  obscura 
tion  to  thought  in  the  ring  blown  dexterously  from  his  lighted  cigar. 
Smoking  was  his  only  dissipation.  He  excelled  in  exhausting  a  cigar  to 
its  least  possible  dimensions.  Sometimes  he  thrust  a  knife  blade  into 
the  abbreviated  remainder.  It  was  even  said  he  sometimes  resorted  to 
a  pin.  His  picture  in  the  state  house  is  a  better  likeness  of  the  first  war 
Governor  than  the  statue  under  the  monument.  If  in  speaking  of  him 
one  can  confine  his  remarks  to  his  abilities  as  a  statesman,  the  choicest 
terms  of  eulogy  may  be  used  with  propriety,  but  lie  was  not  a  soldier. 

I  found  Adjutant-General  Reynolds  in  a  mood  communicative.  The 
mail  of  the  day  preceding  had  brought  the  Governor  an  official  notice 
that  Congress,  besides  formally  declaring  war  against  Mexico,  had  appro 
priated  ten  million  dollars  to  carry  it  on  and  authorized  the  President 


to  call  out  fifty  thousand  volunteers.  This  was  great  news  and  I  made 
haste  to  ask,  "Will  any  of  the  troops  be  from  Indiana?"  "Yes,  that  is 
what  is  bothering  me,"  the  General  replied.  "We  are  asked  to  furnish 
three  regiments  and  the  business  is  entirely  new.  No  form,  no  prece 
dent,  nothing  for  our  guidance."  I  was  shaking  with  excitement.  Then 
Tasked.  "Can  any  one  raise  a  company,  or  must  authority  be  first  had 
from  the  Governor?"  "I  suppose  any  one  can  go  about  it,  only  when 
raised  it  must,  of  course,  be  tendered  to  the  Governor  for  regimental  as 
signment  and  muster  in."  I  went  out  resolved  to  raise  a  company  if  any 
one  older  or  better  known  did  not  set  about  it. 

There  was  much  talk  in  Indianapolis  about  volunteering.  Other  parts 
of  the  State  were  showing  activity.  I  bustled  about  interviewing  mem 
bers  of  the  "Grays"  and  "Arabs."  To  my  argument  that  the  term  of 
service  was  short,  only  one  year,  some  of  them  with  an  earnestness  im 
plying  personal  experience  replied  that  a  year  was  ample  time  in  whisli 
to  die.  Finally,  in  fear  of  the  passing  of  the  opportunity,  I  resolved  to 
open  a  recruiting  office  myself.  The  town  could  not  more  than  laugh 
at  me. 

So  I  took  a  room  on  Washington  street  and  hired  a  drummer  and 
fifer.  Out  of  the  one  front  window  of  the  building  I  projected  a  flag, 
then  a  transparency  inscribed  on  its  four  sides:  "FOB  MEXICO.  FALL  IN." 
I  attacked  the  astonished  public  in  the  start.  The  first  round  was  pro 
ductive.  A  dozen  or  more  young  men  fell  into  the  procession.  Within 
three  days  the  company  was  full. 

In  the  election  of  officers  James  P.  Drake  was  chosen  captain  and 
John  McDougal  first  lieutenant.  The  second  lieutenancy  was  given  to  imi. 
Upon  acceptation  by  the  Governor  we  were  ordered  to  the  general  ren 
dezvous  at  New  Albany  on  the  Ohio  River. 

In  addition  to  the  townfolk,  the  population  of  the  entire  country 
seemed  present  at  our  departure  from  Indianapolis.  Lawyer  John  IT. 
Bradley  made  an  affecting  farewell  address.  Mexico  was  a  long  way  off. 
and  the  journey  thither  beset  by  dangers  of  sea  and  land.  There  were 
thousands  who  shook  hands  with  us  as  with  men  never  to  return.  We 
went  in  wagons  to  Kdinburg.  up  to  which  a  railroad  had  slowly  crawled 
from  Madison.  The  railroad  was  only  so-called.  In  reality  it  was  a 

The  solemnities  of  the  public  farewell  scarcely  moved  me.  That 
which  excited  sorrow  in  others  did  but  stir  my  imagination.  Neverthe 
less,  a  circumstance  broke  me  down.  We  went  on  foot  to  the  wagons. 
My  father  marched  with  me.  He  was  in  the  prime  of  manhood.  A  sol 
dier  by  education,  he  should  have  been  at  the  head  of  the  whole  Indiana 
contingent.  At  my  side,  keeping  step  with  me.  he  trudged  along  through 
the  dust.  The  moment  came  for  me  to  climb  into  the  wagon.  T"p  to  fiat 
time  ho  had  kept  silent,  which  was  well  enough,  seeing  I  had  only  to  look 
into  his  face  to  know  he  was  proud  of  me  and  approved  my  going.  Then 
he  took  my  hand  and  said:  "Good-bye.  Come  back  a  man."  Instantly 
I  gave  him  a  shower  of  tears. 

On  the  northern  side  of 'the  Ohio,  midway  between  the  present  cities 
of  Jeffersonville  and  New  Albany,  there  is  a  ground  famous  in  history.  A 
wooded  island  at  the  foot  of  the  falls  used  to  be  its  vis-a-vis,  There  (Jen- 


eral  George  Rogers  Clark  held  high  revelry  after  his  style,  master  of  all 
he  beheld,  a  brave,  ambitious,  profane,  drunken,  baronial  Virginian.  There 
the  three  Indiana  regiments  were  assembled,  organized,  equipped  and 
mustered  into  the  National  service,  my  company  being  assigned  to  the 
First  Indiana,  letter  H.  The  rendezvous  was  appropriately  named  Camp 

In  the  election  of  field  officers  for  my  regiment  there  was  Dut  one 
ticket.  For  Colonel,  James  P.  Drake:  for  Lieutenant-Colonel,  Christo 
pher  C.  Nave;  for  Major,  Henry  S.  Lane,  and  there  was  no  scratching. 
I  remember  being  puzzled  by  the  absence  of  contest.  My  experience  was 
then  too  limited  to  help  me  comprehend  the  bit  of  furniture  called  a 
slate.  Here  is  the  slate  of  that  day :  Brigadier-General.  Joseph  Lane, 
Democrat;  Colonel  of  the  First  Regiment.  James  P.  Drake,  Democrat; 
Colonel  of  the  Second  Regiment,  William  H.  Bowles,  Democrat;  Colonel 
of  the  Third  Regiment,  James  H.  Lane,  Whig.  Certainly  the  able  Demo 
cratic  Governor  knew  how  to  provide  for  himself  and  his  party. 

Sergeant  Charles  C.  Smith,  a  schoolmate,  fine  looking  and  clever,  was, 
by  niy  nomination,  promoted  to  the  vacant  first  lieutenancy,  McDougal 
becoming  captain.  As  a  rule  jealousies  among  men  come  with  years  and 

The  three  field  officers  are  now  in  their  graves.  Neither  of  them  se 
lected  could  have  carried  his  company  through  the  manual  of  arms. 

Colonel  Drake  was  rich  in  good  nature,  possibly  too  much  so.  He 
had  a  presence,  however,  to  excite  respect,  especially  on  horseback,  and  an 
uncommon  aptitude  for  tactics.  In  three  months  he  had  mastered  the 
school  of  the  battalion  according  to  Scott,  whose  system  was  then  in 
force,  and  brought  his  command  into  excellent  drill  and  discipline.  In  the 
rush  to  the  color  line  under  alarm  his  face  would  redden  and  shine  like 
a  harvest  moon  and  then  in  the  wake-up  by  the  long  roll  at  dead  of  night 
his  voice  was  wonderfully  cheering.  Ultimately  he  emigrated  to  Georgia 
and  ended  his  days  there,  an  honored  and  useful  citizen. 

The  command  and  its  responsibilities  never  devolved  upon  Major 
Henry  S.  Lane.  Successful  at  the  bar  and  in  politics,  he  was  singularly 
careless  as  a  soldier.  On  parade  he  often  appeared  with  his  sword  and 
sword-belt  in  hand.  He  hated  a  horse  so  that  on  the  march  his  saddle 
was  always  pre-emptible  by  the  sick  and  footsore.  For  a  shirk  he  had 
the  eye  of  a  detective.  In  kindness,  even,  he  was  reserved  and  dignified. 
No  one  knew  better  than  he  that,  with  volunteers  at  least,  respect  for  an 
officer  is  more  essential  than  fear.  He  was  the  soul  of  honor  and  brave  to 
a  fault,  and  so  was  he  esteemed  by  the  regiment  that  his  indifference  to 
formalities,  though  somewhat  laughed  at.  was  always  forgiven. 

The  company  officers  were  far  above  the  average.  Some  of  them 
were  remarkable  men.  Captain  Robert  Milroy.  in  the  Civil  War  a  Major- 
General  and  dubbed  by  his  division  "Gray  Eagle."  must  be  mentioned 
with  particularity.  A  graduate  of  Partridge  Military  School,  then  next 
to  West  Point  in  reputation,  he  was  one  of  the  very  few  whom  I  have 
met,  actual  lovers  of  combat.  Eager,  impetuous,  fierce  in  anger,  he  was 
a  genuine  colonel  of  cavalry.  In  fence  with  sabres,  his  wrist  was  like 
flexible  steel,  besides  which  he  had  a  reach  to  make  any  swordsman, 
though  never  so  skillful,  chary  of  engaging  him.  This  I  know,  having 


beeii  one  of  a  class  under  his  instruction.  1  have  dealt  somewhat  elabo 
rately  with  the  few  officers  named,  in  order  that  the  "verve"  of  the  regi 
ment  may  be  understood.  At  the  end  of  six  months  it  could  have  been 
depended  upon  for  heroic  action  under  the  most  adverse  circumstances, 
and,  as  will  be  seen,  the  remark  is  not  made  conjecturally.  Few  com 
mands  have  been  subjected  to  trials  so  bitter,  yet  it  did  not  weaken  or 
falter  in  discipline. 

On  July  5th  rations  were  issued  and  arms  and  accoutrements  stowed 
in  the  hold ;  then,  with  colors  flying  and  "Yankee  Doodle"  from  fife  and 
drum,  we  marched  aboard  the  steamboat  chartered  to  take  us  to  New 
Orleans.  There  were  many  of  the  regiment  with  somber  countenances ; 
probably  they  had  a  better  appreciation  of  the  hazards  to  which  we  were 
going,  but  for  my  part  the  situation  was  full  of  joyances.  Now,  indeed. 
I  was  a  soldier;  my  name  was  on  the  roster  and  the  National  uniform  on 
my  back.  The  surroundings,  all  martial,  kept  me  reminded  of  the  life  at 
last  certainly  arrived. 

I  have  made  voyages  since,  some  of  them  on  the  sea  to  far  countries, 
when  every  hour  was  charged  with  novelties  and  delights  unspeakable, 
yet  they  were  as  views  by  moonlight,  pale  in  comparison  with  this  one, 
so  full  of  the  zest  of  youth  that  even  the  Mississippi  was  beautiful,  and 
its  low-lying  ugliness  of  flood  and  forest  a  succession  of  miraculous 
mirage.  Mexico,  the  land  of  Montezuma  and  Cortez ;  and  its  people ;  the 
campaign  through  palmetto  lands  and  wide  pastures ;  and  battles,  and  the 
taking  of  cities;  I  was  to  see  them.  All  else  faded  into  the  common 
place.  At  New  Orleans  we  were  landed  below  the  city  to  await  the  ships. 
There  we  had  our  introduction  to  soldier  life  mask  off.  Of  dry  ground 
there  was  not  enough  for  a  bed.  We  had  not  a  wisp  of  straw.  Our 
blankets  turned  into  blubbery  slime.  The  officers  were  responsible;  they 
should  have  held  on  to  the  steamers. 

Along  with  the  rest,  I  was  wretched  until  an  old  negro  peddling  eggs 
and  chickens  visited  us.  He  told  me  casually  that  we  were  occupying  a 
portion  of  the  field  Andrew  Jackson  turned  into  a  garden  of  glory  in 
1815.  Then  I  hired  him  as  a  guide.  The  battleground  was  more  inter 
esting  to  me  than  the  city.  Where  was  the  breastwork  of  cotton?  Where 
did  Jackson's  line  begin  on  the  right?  In  what  direction  did  it  stretch? 
That  line  fixed,  I  had  the  key  to  the  fight.  Standing  on  it,  I  faced  the 
British  soldiers  and  in  the  patriotic  indulgence  of  fancy  cared  not  a  whiff 
whether  I  was  on  a  slippery  tussock  or  knee-deep  in  water.  Four  killed 
here,  two  red-coated  thousands  yonder.  Sir  Edward  could  have  afforded 
a  month  of  maneuvering  for  some  other  point  of  attack  than  this  one. 
His  haugtiness  was  of  a  piece  with  Braddock's ;  so  was  the  penalty. 

Three  ships  were  at  last  warped  to  the  bank  of  the  river.  Then  get 
ting  our  mouldy  regimental  properties  stowed,  we  thanked  God  for  a 
blessed  deliverance  and  sailed  for  Brazos  Santiago,  on  the  other  side  of 
the  gulf.  The  Baltimore,  a  clipper-built  brig,  new,  sweet-smelling,  clean 
and  fast,  was  assigned  to  Company  H  and  two  others,  Lieutenant-Colonel 
Nave  in  command.  The  sea  has  always  been  kind  to  me.  Throughout  the 
transit  1  kept  the  deck  without  a  qualm  of  the  terrible  rnal  de  mer,  and 
when  in  the  second  night  out  the  lights  of  Brazos  rose  to  view,  I  saw 
them  with  downright  regret. 


Of  that  outing — there  may  he  too  much  familiarity  in  the  word — there 
remained  to  me  two  distinct  recollections.  One  of  an  enormous  turtle  on 
its  back  on  the  deck  under  a  tarpaulin.  To  my  landsman's  eye  the  crea 
ture  was  a  curiosity  of  itself.  What  stamped  it  on  my  mind,  however, 
was  the  use  and  treatment  to  which  it  was  put.  Twice  each  day  of  the 
voyage  the  cook  resorted  to  it  to  supply  the  officers'  table,  in  the  morning 
for  steak  and  in  the  afternoon  for  soup,  and  when  we  landed  the  animal 
was  alive. 

The  brig  lay  off  shore  throughout  the  night.  The  next  morning  I 
went  on  deck  to  take  a  look  at  Brazos.  An  inlet  scarce  wider  than  a 
canal  let  into  a  bay  three  or  four  miles  wide.  On  the  farther  side  of  the 
bay  a  snow-white  tower  of  fair  elevation  rose  apparently  out  of  the  water. 
The  tower  I  came  to  know  as  a  lighthouse  on  Point  Isabel,  General  Tay 
lor's  base  of  operation  against  Matainoras.  A  chain  of  low  dunes  or  shift 
ing  sand-hills  ran  parallel  with  the  beach,  hiding  the  landscape  behind  it, 
and  the  dunes  were  naked  except  that  here  and  there  a  vine  sprawled 
itself  out;  too  verdureless  to  cast  a  shadow.  One  hut,  with  a  chimney  of 
barrels,  half  buried  in  a  sea  of  driftage  and  curtained  round  about  by 
hides  drying  in  the  wind  and  sun,  was  all  that  spoke  of  human  habitation. 
There,  they  told  me,  Padre  Island  terminated,  while  all  south  of  the  inlet 
constituted  Brazos  de  Santiago.  Xo  town,  no  grass,  not  a  tree.  Heavens, 
what  an  awakening ! 

Now,  I  did  not  keep  a  diary  and  it  is  too  late  to  invent  one — this  in 
relief  of  all  who  follow  me  through  these  pages.  But  my  memory  serves 
me  respecting  two  orders — the  first  one  from  Brigadier-General  Lane, 
and  it  sent  us  to  Camp  Belknap.  ten  .miles  above  the  mouth  of  the  Rio 


NEW  ALBANY.  IND.,  June  24,  184G. 
General  Order  No.  6. 

I.  In  view  of  the  intended  transportation  of  the  Indiana  Volunteers 
towards  the  seat  of  war,  by  the  seventh  day  from  this  date,  inclusive,  it 
is  recommended  that  the  captain,  or  some  other  agent  or  agents,  of  each 
and  every  company  of  said  volunteers  forthwith  proceed  to  make  contracts 
for  furnishing  clothing  and  other  necessary  articles  for  the  non-commis 
sioned  officers,  musicians  and  privates,  not  exceeding,  with  what  has  al 
ready  been  obtained  or  contracted  for,  two  uniform  suits,  two  pairs  of 
stout  shoes  with  broad  and  thick  soles,  one  suitable  hat  or  cap  in  addi 
tion  to  the  ordinary  forage  cap,  two  cotton  shirts,  two  flannel  shirts,  two 
pairs  of  drawers,  four  pairs  of  stockings,  and  one  good  blanket  for  each 
man.      If  overcoats  can  be  conveniently  procured,   it  is  considered  desir 
able  that  they  should  be  furnished. 

II.  As  the  most  convenient,  and  indeed  the  only  convenient,  mode  of 
making  payment  for  such  articles,  it  is  recommended  that  an  undqrstand- 
ing  be  had  in  each  company,  by  which,  when  the  paymaster  of  the  army, 
who  is  now  here  and  in  readiness  to  make  a  payment  to  the  men,  shall 
make  such  payment,  each  volunteer  shall  consent  that  a  certain  amount 
of  the  wages  to  be  paid  to  him  shall  remain  in  the  hands  of  the  captain 
or  such  other  agent  or  agents  as  the  volunteer  may  select,  as  a  fund  to 
defray  all  the  necessary  expenditures. 


It  is  believed  that  twenty-five  dollars  thus  deducted  from  the  pay 
ment  to  be  made  to  each  man  will  be  sufficient  to  pay  for  all  the  neces 
sary  purchases.  After  such  expenses  have  been  defrayed,  the  surplus  re 
maining  in  the  hands  of  the  captain,  or  other  agent  of  the  company,  can 
be  paid-over  to  the  men  to  whom  it  may  be  due.  This  arrangement  will 
avoid  the  necessity  of  taking  a  multiplicity  of  receipts  and  orders,  which 
would  greatly  embarrass  the  paymaster,  and  enable  the  captains  or  agents 
employed  to  make  all  necessary  contracts  with  perfect  safety  to  them 
selves  and  to  those  who  may  furnish  the  articles  required. 

111.  Hy  a  communication  received  from  Brigadier-General  Wool  of 
the  United  States  Army,  it  is  understood  to  be  his  intention  to  order  the 
Indiana  Volunteers  forward  at  the  very  earliest  period  at  which  they  can 
be  got  ready — within  seven  days  at  farthest— the  object  being  to  get  them 
through  New  Orleans  before  the  sickly  season  commences.  As  there  is 
now  no  cause  of  delay  except  for  the  purpose  of  procuring  the  necessary 
articles  of  clothing  above  enumerated,  the  Governor  and  Commander  in 
Chief  cannot  too  strongly  urge  upon  the  officers  of  the  respective  com 
panies  the  necessity  of  their  active  and  prompt  exertions.  He  is  exceed 
ingly  desirous  that  the  gallant  volunteers  of  Indiana  shall  go  forth  on  the 
patriotic  expedition  they  have  undertaken  amply  provided  with  every 
thing  necessary  to  make  a  respectable  appearance,  and  more  especially 
with  everything  requisite  for  their  health  and  comfort. 

Given  under  my  hand  on  the  day  and  year  aforesaid, 

Governor  and  Commander  in  Chief  Indiana  Militia. 


NEW  ALBANY,   IND.,  June  24,  1846. 
General  Order  No.  7. 

WHEREAS,  The  thirty  companies  of  volunteers  called  for  from  Indiana 
are  now  assembled  at  this  place,  fully  provided  with  commisisioned  offi 
cers  (according  to  existing  laws)  ;  and, 

WHEREAS,  The  commandants  of  the  different  companies  having  been 
requested  by  the  undersigned  to  organize  the  same  into  three  regiments, 
and  not  having  been  able  to  effect  the  same,  have,  in  a  joint  meeting,  re 
quested  the  Executive  to  make  such  organization; 

Now,  therefore,  In  pursuance  of  auch  request,  and  of  the  authority  in 
me  vested,  I,  James  Whitcomb,  Governor  of  the  State  of  Indiana,  do 
hereby  declare  that  the  said  three  regiments  shall  be  organized  as  fol 
lows — that  is  to  say : 

One  regiment  shall  be  composed  of  the  Mad  Anthony  Guards,  Allen 
County,  Captain  J.  W.  McLane ;  Wayne  Guards,  Allen  County,  Captain 
I).  W.  Lewis;  Wabash  Rangers,  Miami  County,  Captain  J.  M.  Wilson; 
Cass  County  Volunteers,  Cass  County,  Captain  S.  S.  Tipton ;  Wabash  In- 
vincibles,  Carroll  County,  Captain  R.  H.  Milroy ;  Fountain  Volunteers, 
Fountain  County,  Captain  R.  M.  Evans;  Montgomery  Volunteers,  Mont 
gomery  County,  Captain  II.  S.  Lane;  Putnam  Blues,  Putnam  County, 
Captain  J.  H.  Roberts;  Ilendricks  County  Volunteers,  Hendricks  County, 
Captain  C.  C.  Nave;  Marion  Volunteers.  Marion  County,  Captain  J.  P. 


And  one  regiment  to  be  composed  of  the  Sullivan  Volunteers,  Sulli 
van  County,  Captain  J.  W.  Briggs ;  Clay  County  Volunteers,  Clay  County. 
Captain  J.  Osborn ;  Green  County  Volunteers,  Green  County,  Captain  S. 
H.  Rosseau ;  Lawrence  Greys,  Lawrence  County,  Captain  H.  Davis ; 
Hoosier  Boys,  Orange  County,  Captain  W.  A.  Bowles ;  Washington  Rifle 
men,  Washington  County,  Captain  A.  Dennis ;  Posey  Guards,  Washing 
ton  County,  Captain  N.  Kimball ;  Indiana  Riflemen,  Vanderburgh  County, 
Captain  W.  Walker;  Spencer  Greys,  Floyd  County,  Captain  W.  S.  San 
derson  ;  Lanesville  Legion,  Harrison  County,  Captain  C.  Gresham. 

One  regiment  to  be  composed  of  the  Johnson  Guards,  Johnson  County, 
Captain  D.  Allen;  Brown  County  Blues,  Brown  County,  Captain  J.  Tag- 
gart;  Shelby  Riflemen,  Shelby  County,  Captain  V.  Conover ;  Monroe 
Guards.  Monroe  County,  Captain  J.  Sluss ;  Bartholomew  Volunteers,  Bar 
tholomew  County,  Captain  J.  S.  Boardman ;  Dearborn  Volunteers,  Dear 
born  County,  Captain  J.  H.  Lane ;  Switzerland  Riflemen,  Switzerland 
County,  Captain  S.  Carter ;  Washington  Guards.  Jefferson  County,  Captain 
W.  Ford;  Madison  Rifles,  Jefferson  County,  Captain  T.  S.  Sullivan: 
Clark  Guards.  Clark  County,  Captain  T.  W.  Gibson. 

The  election  of  the  colonels,  lieutenant-colonels  and  majors  of  the 
said  regiments  will  take  place  tomorrow;  the  manner  of  conducting 
which,  according  to  the  laws  of  the  State,  will  for  general  convenience  b-e 
communicated  through  the  medium  now  adopted  during  this  day. 

The  rank  or  number  of  the  regiments  will  be  determined  by  the  rank 
of  the  commandants  of  the  same,  when  elected  and  commissioned. 

Given  under  my  hand  on  this  day  and  year,  and  at  the  place  afore 

Governor  of    Indiana. 


NEW  ALBANY,  June  24,  1846. 
General  Order  No.  8. 

I.  The  captain  of  each  company  of  Indiana  Volunteers,  now  assem 
bled  at  their  encampment  near  this  place,   is  requested  to  give  full   and 
early  notice  to  all  the  members  of  his  company  that  an  election  will  be 
held  on   said  encampment   ground   on    tomorrow,   the   25th    inst.    for  the 
purpose  of  electing  one  colonel,   one   lieutenant-colonel   and   one   major  of 
the  regiment  to  which  such  company  may  belong,  as  designated  in  Gen 
eral   Order  No.  G  of  this  date,   and   that   said  election   may  be   otherwise 
governed  by  the  following  provisions : 

II.  The  members  of  each  company  shall  elect,  by  a  majority  of  their 
number,  three  judges  and  a  clerk  of  election,  one  of  said  judges  to  admin 
ister  an  oath  or  affirmation  to  the  other  judges  and  clerks,   and  himself 
to  be  sworn  or  affirmed  by  one  of  the  latter  judges  faithfully  and  impar 
tially  to  discharge  their  respective  duties  as  such. 

III.  Said   judges   shall    there   open    a    poll    or   precinct    for    the   com 
pany  to  which  they  belong,   at  the  present  location   of  said   company,   on 
said   encampment   ground,    and   proceed   to   receive   the   ballots   of   all   the 
members  of  said  company  offering   to   vote,   from   the  hour  of  10  o'clock 
A.  M.  and  continuing  until  the  hour  of  6  o'clock  p.  M.  of  said  day,  unless 


all   the   members  of  said  company    (not  declining  to  vote)    have  sooner 

IV.  The  clerk  shall  write  down  the  name  of  each  voter  in  a  list  as 
required  by  law.  and  at  the  close  of  the  election  the  judges  and  clerks 
shall  count  the  ballots  and  declare  the  number  of  votes  by  each  candi 
date  received,  respectively,  for  said  offices,  and  make  out  a  written  certifi 
cate  of  the  same  signed  by  the  judges  and  attested  by  the  clerks. 

V.  The  judges  and  clerks  of  each  and  every  company,   in  each  of 
said  regiments,  shall,  as  soon  as  the  election  is  closed  at  their  precincts, 
forthwith  meet  at  the  location  of  the  company  commanded  by  the  cap 
tain  holding  the  senior  commission  in  said  regiment,  or  at  the  location 
of  such  other  company  in  said  regiment  as  they  may  agree  upon,  and  add 
together  the  votes  received  by  each  candidate  at  any  and  all  of  said  pre 
cincts,  and  declare  the  result  of  said  election.     They  shall  also  make  out 
a    written  certificate  stating   the  names  of  the  candidates  who  have  re 
ceived  the  highest  number  of  votes  for  the  offices  of  colonel,   lieuteuant- 
colonel  and  major  of  their  respective  regiments,  and  that  the  same  have 
been  duly  elected,  which  shall  be  signed  by  all  of  said  judges  and  attested 
by  all  of  said  clerks  of  the  proper  regiment  to  which  they  belong,  and  to 
be  by  them  forthwith  delivered  to  the  Adjutant-General  of  the  Indiana 
Militia,  who  is  now  in  this  place,  in  order  that  commissions  may  be  issued 
without  delay. 

VI.  It  is  recommended  that  the  names  of  the  candidates  for  colonel, 
lieutenant-colonel  and  major  be  written  on  one  piece  of  paper  or  ballot 
and  that  all  of  said  officers  be  voted  for  at  the  same  time. 

VII.  All  persons,  are  warned  against  interfering  in  any  manner  with 
the  freedom  of  said  election.     Every  volunteer  shall  be  protected  in  his 
right  to  vote  a  folded  or  closed  ballot,  against  the  same  being  improperly 
exposed,  and  against  any  undue  restraint  or  interference  from  any  quarter 
whatsoever,  in  the  free  exercise  of  his  right  of  suffrage.     Any  attempt  to 
infringe  upon  the  freest  privileges  of  the  voters  will  be  promptly  visited 
by  punishment  under  the  penal  laws  of  the  State. 

Given  under  my  hand  on  the  day  and  year  aforesaid. 

Governor  and  Commander  in  Chief  Indiana  Militia. 


Indiana  Democrat,  June  26,   1846. 

NEW  ALBANY,  June  22,  1846. 

FRIEND  SPANN — According  to  my  expressed  intention,  I  drop  you  this 
line  to  give  our  readers  a  few  of  the  incidents  of  the  journey  of  the  troops 
from  Indianapolis  to  Camp  Whitcomb,  near  New  Albany. 

We  all  arrived  safely  and  in  good  time  at  the  railroad  depot  in  Edin- 
burg  on  Thursday  morning  and  there  found  in  waiting  for  us  a  Shelbyville 
company  under  Captain  Conover.  (As  fine  a  company  of  young  men  as 
you  ever  saw.)  There  was  also  the  company  of  Captain  Evans,  Fountain 
County,  which  had  failed  to  reach  the  cars  in  time  on  the  preceding  day, 
which,  added  to  the  fine  companies  of  Captain  Drake  and  Captain  Milroy, 
made  in  all  four  companies  of  volunteers,  all  to  be  carried  on  the  cars  at 


once,  together  with  some  one  hundred  other  passengers,  making  the  one 
train  to  transport  all  of  five  hundred  persons.  The  cars  reached  Madison 
at  ahout  6  o'clock  in  the  evening,  in  time  to  meet  the  boats  which  were 
procured  to  transport  them  to  Jeft'ersonville.  The  Swiftsure  No.  4  took 
the  Marion  and  Fountain  companies;  the  Adalaide  the  Carroll  company 
and  the  Pike  the  Shelby  company.  As  the  Swiftsure  left  the  wharf  at 
Madison  just  at  dark,  a  general  cheer  greeted  the  parting  soldiers  and  a 
gun  was  fired.  After  the  boat  was  fairly  under  way  it  was  discovered 
that  the  gun  which  had  been  discharged  was  loaded  with  a  ball  and  that 
the  carpenter  of  the  boat  was  shot  through  the  thigh  in  front  of  the  bone. 
Dr.  McClure  was  immediately  called  and  proceeded  to  cut  out  the  bullet 
from  the  opposite  side  where  it  had  entered.  The  wound  was  a  very  bad 
one,  but  it  was  well  dressed  and  the  poor  sufferer  was  left  confined  to  his 
bed  to  endure  the  consequence  of  this  most  wanton,  reckless  act. 

Early  on  Friday  morning  the  troops  were  lauded  at  Jeffersouville  and 
proceeded  to  camp,  which  is  situated  near  the  foot  of  the  falls  of  the  Ohio, 
about  three-quarters  of  a  mile  above  New  Albany.  The  camp  is  on  a  large 
tract  of  cleared  land,  with  a  heavy  forest  on  its  western  edge,  and  is  just 
below  the  mouth  of  Silver  Creek.  The  creek  is  very  muddy  and  its  waters 
are  unfit  for  use.  The  troops  were  compelled  to  drink  the  river  water, 
which  many  of  them  bitterly  complained  of,  they  never  having  been  used 
to  any  other  than  gushing  springs  or  crystal  wells.  The  old  river  traders 
consider  the  river  water  most  wholesome  and  say  that  the  soldiers  will 
soon  get  accustomed  to  its  use  and  become  fond  of  it. 

On  Saturday,  the  20th,  the  whole  number  of  troops  had  arrived  at 
camp  and  in  quarters.  Not  a  single  company  failed,  much  to  the  regret  of 
others  who  had  hoped  that  by  some  accident  or  failure,  they  might  be  per 
mitted  to  have  a  chance  to  serve  their  country.  Captain  McCarty  of 
Brookville,  being  the  thirty-first  company,  was  on  the  ground  ready  to  fill 
any  place  which  any  delinquency  of  others  might  present,  but  he  was 
doomed  to  disappointment  and  he  and  a  part  of  his  company  have  re 
turned  to  their  homes. 

Most  of  the  companies  have  been  inspected  and  received  in  the  service 
of  the  United  States  by  Colonel  Churchill.  But  few  were  rejected.  Not 
one  was  objected  to  in  the  Brown  County  Company.  Only  one  man  was 
rejected  in  the  Marion  Volunteers,  and  he  because  his  shoulder  was  some 
what  misshapen.  The  overplus  of  the  companies  was  generally  disposed 
of  by  their  enrollment  in  such  companies  as  were  not  entirely  full. 

A  novel  and  exciting  incident  occurred  in  the  company  of  Captain 
Walker  of  Evansville.  After  the  inspection,  by  a  mere  accidental  cir 
cumstance  which  took  place  in  camp,  it  was  discovered  that  one  of  the  in 
spected  volunteers  was  a  female.  Her  history  was  not  known  until  after 
the  discovery,  when,  with  tears  in  her  eyes,  and  the  deepest  and  appar 
ently  most  sincere  manner,  she  stated  that  she  was  poor  and  friendless: 
that  her  father  was  a  soldier  in  General  Taylor's  army  on  the  Rio  Grande 
and  that  she  knew  of  no  other  way  of  getting  to  her  father  than  by  join 
ing  the  army  which  was  to  be  ordered  to  the  place  where  he  was  stationed. 
Her  heroism  was  rewarded  by  a  contribution  from  the  company  and  she 
left  on  a  steamboat  bound  downward.  She  says  she  is  a  resident  of  Ten 
nessee  and  gave  the  names  of  her  parents  and  many  of  their  neighbors. 



Governor  Whitcomb  arrived  in  camp  on  Saturday  morning,  where  he 
was  well  received  by  the  troops  and  by  the  numerous  visitors  who  are 
here.  Mr.  Dunning  is  also  here. 

General  Wool  inspected,  or  rather  reviewed,  the  troops  in  camp  on 
Saturday  and  seemed  well  pleased  with  their  appearance.  He  remarked 
that  he  wished  them  all  to  use  diligence  in  preparing  for  their  departure, 
which  he  hoped  might  be  effected  in  two  weeks.  He  suggested  that  they 
would  be  shipped  in  detachments  of  such  extent  as  can  be  forwarded  from 
New  Orleans  without  delay,  as  it  is  difficult  always  to  find  immediate 
transportation  for  large  armies,  but  he  thought  it  dangerous  to  their 
health  to  retain  them  longer  at  New  Orleans. 

Our  Indiana  volunteers  are  drawing  their  tents  and  camp  equipage 
and  some  few  blankets.  They  now  receive  regular  rations  and  are  on 
regular  pay.  There  is  scarcely  any  sickness  amongst  the  men  and  none  of 
a  dangerous  character. 



Indiana  Democrat,  Julij  3,  1846. 

Lieutenant  M.  E.  Van  Buren,  who  is  now  in  the  city,  has  opened  a  ren 
dezvous  at  this  point  for  enlisting  recruits  for  the  regiment  of  mounted 
riflemen  lately  authorized  to  be  raised  by  congress.  This  is  a  fine  oppor 
tunity  for  an  excursion  to  California,  Oregon,  etc.,  at  public  expense.  All 
recruits  are  required  to  be  between  the  ages  of  19  and  35. 


Indiana  Democrat,  July  3,  18.ff6. 

NEW  ALBANY,  June  25,  1846. 

DEAR  SIR — On  yesterday  at  2  o'clock  the  governor  announced  the  reor 
ganization  of  regiments  as  follows :  See  General  Order  No.  7.  During 
the  same  evening  another  general  order  was  issued,  directing  that  an  election 
should  be  held  on  the  ensuing  day.  The  several  companies  voted  sepa 
rately.  In  the  Northern  Regiment  James  P.  Drake  was  elected  Colonel,  no 
regular  opposition  being  against  him.  C.  C.  Nave  was  elected  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  and  Henry  S.  Lane,  Major.  Also  without  opposition.  In  the  Ohio 
River  Regiment  James  H.  Lane  was  elected  Colonel;  William  M.  McCarty, 
Lieutenant-Colonel,  and  Willis  A.  Gorman,  Major.  In  the  Wabash,  the 
Western  Regiment,  Joseph  Lane  was  elected  Colonel ;  W.  R.  Haddon,  I^ieu- 
tenant-Colonel ;  James  A.  Cravens,  Major. 

Henry  S.  Lane  and  C.  C.  Nave  are  the  only  Whigs  who  are  elected. 
Considerable  excitement  prevailed,  some  charging  that  political  influences 
were  at  work  and  others  denying  that  any  such  influence  was  exerted. 
The  Whigs  charged  such  feelings  to  the  Democrats  and  the  Democrats  re 
criminated  upon  the  Whigs.  Captain  Tipton  withdrew  from  the  contest 


for  colonel  and  said  that  if  he  had  been  ele:-te;l  he  should  have  refused  to 
accept  the  office.  He  has  accepted  a  lieutenancy  in  the  T'nited  States 
Regiment  of  Mounted  Riflemen. 

General  Wool  informed  the  Governor  and  Colonel  Churchill  that  the 
Indiana  troops  must,  if  possible,  be  in  readiness  for  marching  or  debarka 
tion  within  eight  days  from  Tuesday  last,  the  23d.  which  would  be  the 
first  of  July.  It  will  require  much  exertion  to  have  them  in  order  to  de 
part  on  that  day.  and  although  so  ordered,  the  time  may  be  somewhat. ex 
tended,  as  certain  days  have,  on  more  than  one  occasion,  been  set  for  the 
departure  of  the  Kentucky  troops  and  those  days  are  past  and  the  troops 
are  still  in  camp  at  Oakland.  The  Indiana  Volunteers  expect  to  draw 
their  clothing  pay  on  Friday  or  Saturday  and  are  very  busy  preparing 
uniforms  and  making  other  provisions  for  their  journey. 

John  McDougall  has  been  elected  captain  of  the  Marion  Volunteers  in 
the  place  of  Colonel  Drake,  by  an  almost  unanimous  vote,  and  Noah  Noble 
Campbell,  first  lieutenant,  in  place  of  McDougall. 

June  30,  1846. 

Dr.  McClure  has  just  started  for  Indianapolis.  I  hasten  to  inform 
you  that  the  orders  were  yesterday  given  to  Colonel  Drake,  the  senior  col 
onel  of  the  brigade,  to  be  in  immediate  readiness  to  leave  for  Point  Isabel 
with  the  Indiana  troops  just  as  soon  as  they  are  ready  to  be  shipped  and 
the  quartermaster  is  ordered  to  prepare  transportation  as  it  may  be  re 
quired.  One  regiment  will  leave  as  early  as  Friday  next. 

The  men  were  being  paid  yesterday,  and  are  receiving  $3(5.43  as  cloth 
ing  pay.  They  get  no  monthly  pay  until  the  regular  pay-day,  which  is 
once  in  every  sixty  days. 

All  of  the  Indiana  troops  will  depart  as  early  as  the  7th,  and  nothing 
now  detains  them  but  the  delay  incident  to  having  their  clothes  made  and 
getting  ready  to  move.  They  are  in  good  spirits,  anxious  to  reach  the 
place  of  destination ;  are  in  as  good  health  as  could  be  expected.  There 
are  some  slight  cases  of  sickness  which  might  be  considered  very  natural 
to  a  camp  life  by  those  who  are  unused  to  it  and  who  must  be  more  or 
less  affected  by  change  of  water,  diet  and  mode  of  living.  I  think  Colonel 
Drake's  regiment  will  be  the  first  ready  and  the  first  to  leave.  The 
Marion  Volunteers  are  ready  on  an  hour's  notice,  as  are  also  several  other 
companies  in  the  regiment.  The  men  have  drawn  their  tents  and  are  liv 
ing  in  them  in  regular  military  order.  Six  men  constitute  a  mess  and 
occupy  a  tent.  The  whole  brigade,  including  officers,  is  composed  of  2,553 
men,  which  number  encamped  in  order,  makes  a  very  beautiful  and  impos 
ing  appearance. 

Every  hour  affords  some  incident  of  amusement.  The  inexhaustible 
fund  of  anecdotes,  singular  expression,  mischievous  prank  and  daring  con 
duct  of  these  boys  always  afford  an  interest  to  the  visitors  in  camp. 


Indiana  Democrat,  June  \26,  184fi. 

We  are  indebted  to  the  politeness  of  Adjutant-General  Reynolds  for 
the  following  list  of  companies  reported  to  the  Governor,  in  obedience  to 
the  call  for  volunteers,  but  which  came  in  after  the  requisition  was  full. 
They  were  commissioned  in  the  order  in  which  they  stand  and  are  held 
in  reserve  for  any  future  exigency : 


William  M.  McCarty,  captain;  John  B.  Campbell,  first  lieutenant; 
John  M.  Myers,  second  lieutenant.  Franklin  County. 


N.  R.  Hayden,  captain;  O.  C.  Hackleman,  first  lieutenant;  J.  W. 
Hilligass,  second  lieutenant.  Rush  County. 

Gilbert  Budd,  captain.     Old  company  filled  up.     Floyd  County. 

J.  P.  Smith,  captain.     Old  company  filled  up.     Lake  County. 


R.  G.  Norvell,  captain;  J.  H.  McClelland,  first  lieutenant;  T.  J.  Mat- 
tingly,  second  lieutenant.  Lawrence  County. 


J.  W.  Cox,  captain;  P.  Williams,  first  lieutenant;  J.  W.  Fort,  second 
lieutenant.  Morgan  County. 

J.  C.  Wells,  captain.     Old  company  filled  up.     Ohio  County. 


J.  M.  Talbott,  captain;  J.  E.  Hansier,  first  lieutenant;  J.  B.  Lathrop, 
second  lieutenant.  Decatur  County. 


Dewitt  C.  Rich,  captain;  Daniel  Byfield,  first  lieutenant;  J.  M.  Lat- 
timor,  second  lieutenant.  Jennings  County. 


W.  G.  Laux,  captain;  David  Cody,  first  lieutenant;  D.  H.  Burnwell, 
second  lieutenant.  Jackson  County. 

COL.    JAMES   P.    DRAKE 




Thomas  Kiimaii.  captain ;  James  F.  Suet,  first  lieutenant ;  Thomas 
Dunn,  second  lieutenant.  Clinton  County. 


.Jacob  Oldhouse.  captain:  Austin  M.  Pruett.  first  lieutenant:  R.  M. 
Gilkinson,  second  lieutenant.  Parke  County. 


Landon  Cochran,  captain ;  Fleming  Magaw,  first  lieutenant ;  James 
II.  Mullen,  second  lieutenant.  Yigo  County. 


John  M.  Wallace,  captain:  J.  S.  S.  D.  Carey,  first  lieutenant;  J.  W. 
Dodd,  second  lieutenant;  Oiner  Gregg,  third  lieutenant;  T.  E.  Carroll, 
ensign ;  two  officers  excess.  Grant  County. 


David  Kilgore.  captain;  Thomas  J.  Sample,  first  lieutenant;  John  S. 
Garver,  second  lieutenant.  Delaware  County. 


Thomas  Patterson,  captain;  Hezekiah  Shook,  first  lieutenant;  Robert 
\Y.  Roberts,  second  lieutenant.  Ripley  County. 


T.  G.  Clarke,  captain;  W.  R.  O'Neal,  first  lieutenant;  R.  M.  Clarke, 
second  lieutenant.  Madison  County. 


Matthew  S.  Ward,  captain ;  Henry  Shroyer,  first  lieutenant ;  Pyrrhus 
Woodward,  second  lieutenant.  Henry  County. 


A.  Russell,  captain;  D.  Bausman,  first  lieutenant;  F.  G.  Pavey,  sec 
ond  lieutenant.  Madison  County. 


J.  Frank,  captain.     Old  company  filled  up.     Floyd  County. 


J.  B.  Chapman,  captain ;  E.  S.  Muirheid,  first  lieutenant ;  S.  H.  Colrns, 
second  lieutenant.  Kosciusko  County. 

Twenty-two  companies,  making  the  tota.l  number  of  companies  which 
tendered  their  services  fifty-two. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  June  27,  1846. 

We  learn  by  the  Louisville  papers  that  the  Indiana  Volunteers  were 
all  mustered  into  service  on  Friday,  the  l(.)th.  There  was  one  company 
more  than  was  requisite,  Captain  McCarty's,  of  Brookville. 

Governor  Whitcomb  arrived  at  the  camp  on  the  20th  and  was  well 
received.  Mr.  Dunning  was  also  present. 

The  troops  were  instructed  and  received  by  Colonel  Churchill;  but 
few  were  rejected;  one  from  Marion  County  on  account  of  a  misshapen 
shoulder;  but  it  is  stated  that  by  a  little  padding  he  got  into  another 

General  Wool  reviewed  the  troops  on  the  20th.  He  said  that  their 
departure  would  be  speedily  provided,  for.  They  will  be  sent  in  detach 
ments  to  New  Orleans  so  as  to  avoid  remaining  long  at  that  place.  The 
men  are  generally  well,  tjiough  they  do  not  relish  the  river  water  which 
they  are  obliged  to  drink.  They  will  soon  become  accustomed  to  that. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  June  27,  1846. 

The  citizens  of  Clay  County  held  a  public-  meeting  at  Bowling  Green 
on  the  1,'Hh  inst.,  which  we  have  no  doubt  has  been  carried  into  full 

WHEREAS,  A  number  of  those  who  have  volunteered  their  services  in 
defense  of  our  country's  rights  will  leave  behind  them  families  who  may 
be  in  want  of  provisions,  fuel,  etc.,  in  consequence  of  the  absence  of  said 

Therefore,  be  it  resolved,  That  the  committee  appoint  one  or  more  per 
sons  in  each  township  whose  duty  it  shall  be  to  visit  the  families  of  the 
volunteers  therein  and  provide  for  their  wants,  and  that  he  report  his  pro 
ceedings  to  the  President  at  each  stated  meeting  at  Bowling  Green. 

Resolved,  That  the  committee  will  provide  for  all  the  necessary  wants 
of  the  families  left  by  the  volunteers  from  Clay  County. 

Resolved,  That  in  case  any  of  the  volunteers  should  not  return  we  will 
provide  for  the  widow  during  her  widowhood  or  until  the  Government 
shall  provide  for  her  and  for  the  education  of  the  children  of  the  volun 
teers  who  may  not  return. 

Rexolred,  That  lor  the  sure  performance  of  the  above  resolutions  we 
pledge  our  word  of  honor. 

OLIVER  CROMWELL,  President; 

C.  C:  MODSITT,  Secretary; 

JOHN  WILLIAMS,  Treasurer; 



T.   THOUT, 








"Campaign  in  Mexico,"  Isaac  Reed,  First  Indiana,  June,  1SJ{6. 

The  Indiana  Brigade  left  the  sandy  shores  of  the  giilf  and  marched 
about  eight  miles  up  the  Rio  Grande,  and  there  encamped  in  a  chaparral 
about  a  mile  from  the  river.  The  First,  Second  and  Third  Ohio.  Second 
Kentucky.  Georgia  and  Alabama  regiments  and  Baltimore  battalion  were 
encamped  near  us.  We  were  told  by  our  officers  that  we  would  be  moved 
forward  in  the  order  in  which  we  arrived.  This  statement  led  us  to  con 
clude  that  Colonel  Jefferson  Da  vis's  regiment  (Mississippi  riflemen)  would 
be  stationed  at  the  mouth  of  the  Rio  Grande,  because  it  did  not  arrive 
at  Brazos  Santiago  until  after  all  of  the  above  named  regiments,  the 
Louisville  Legion  and  the  Indiana  regiments  had  arrived.  Subsequent 
events  indicated  that  the  Mississippians  would  be  more  fortunate  than  we 
had  supposed.  Information  was  received  that  two  of  the  Illinois  regi 
ments  would  soon  arrive  at  Brazos  Santiago. 

Our  encampment  was  known  by  the  name  of  Camp  Belknap,  and  was 
a  very  pleasant  location  at  first.  The  greater  part  of  the  bushes  were  cut 
down,  leaving  only  a  few  to  protect  us  from  the  burning  sun.  where  we 
could  recline  at  ease  until  some  of  the  larger  class  of  ants  would  give  us 
a  few  grips  that  left  no  doubt  of  their  position  and  their  hostile  inten 
tions.  Only  a  few  days  elapsed  until  there  was  a  rise  in  the  Rio  Grande 
and  the  plain  between  it  and  our  encampment  was  overflowed,  so  that 
we  could  not  obtain  any  water  to  drink  without  wading  a  muddy  pond 
half  a  mile  wide.  This  caused  considerable  sickness  among  the  volun 
teers,  and  the  dead  march  was  heard  nearlv  every  dav. 


Indiana  Democrat,  July  3,  1846. 

Lieutenant  M.  E.  Van  Buren,  who  is  now  in  the  city,  has  opened  a 
rendezvous  at  this  point  for  enlisting  recruits  for  the  regiment  of  mounted 
riflemen  lately  authorized  to  be  raised  by  Congress.  This  is  a  fine  oppo- 
tunity  for  an  excursion  to  California,  Oregon,  etc.,  at  public  expense.  All 
recruits  are  required  to  be  between  the  ages  of  nineteen  and  thirty-five. 


Louisville  Democrat,  July  9,  1846. 

James  Whitcomb,  the  Governor  of  Indiana,  has  done  his  duty  in  the 
present  crisis  like  a  man.  His  orders  were  made  out  clearly  and  intelli 
gently;  he  promptly  provided  the  means  for  the  volunteers  in  their 
march.  He  came  to  New  Albany,  the  place  of  rendezvous,  himself  at  the 
time  appointed  and  remained  to  attend  to  every  duty  as  occasion  called. 
He  made  himself  accessible  to  all,  prompt  and  ready  to  give  every  in 
formation  and  satisfaction  in  his  power.  The  consequence  is  there  has 
been  comparatively  no  dissatisfaction,  and  we  venture  to  say  that  the 
business  will  be  done  in  order  in  that  State  and  give  less  trouble  in  the 
future  than  in  any  other  of  our  western  states. 


Indiana  Democrat,  July  10,  1846. 

Joseph  Lane  of  Vanderburgli  County  has  been  appointed  Brigadier- 
General  of  the  Indiana  Brigade.  General  Lane  is  a  tirm,  energetic  and 
courageous  man,  composing  all  the  requisites  to  make  a  useful  and  popu 
lar  commander,  and  his  appointment  appeared  to  be  received  by  the  troops 
with  the  most  perfect  satisfaction. 


BrookL'ille  American,  July  10,  1846. 

Yesterday  evening  while  Lieutenant  J.  W.  Powers  of  the  Montgomery 
Volunteers  was  on  his  way  to  the  camp  out  of  the  city,  accompanied  by 
two  or  three  friends,  the  horses  in  the  hack  in  which  he  was  riding  took 
fright  and  ran  off,  precipitating  the  hack  into  a  ravine  near  the  river,  a 
distance  of  nearly  thirty  feet,  with  such  violence  as  to  severely  bruise 
his  head  and  neck,  causing  almost  immediate  death.  He  survived  but 
about  forty  minutes  afterward.  We  learn  that  he  was  a  young  man  of 
good  habits,  of  amiable  and  social  qualities,  about  twenty  years  of  age 
and  of  wealthy  and  respectable  parentage.  His  father  is  a  merchant  of 
Crawfordsville,  Indiana.  The  funeral  obsequies  are  to  take  place  today 
and,  as  we  learn,  with  the  honors  of  war. 

We  are  creditably  informed  that  no  fault  can  be  attached  to  the 
driver  as  he  is  a  man  of  prudence  and  caution  and  the  horses  were 
usually  gentle  and  manageable. — New  Albany  (Indiana)  Bulletin. 


Indiana  Democrat,  July  10,  1846. 

A  misapprehension  was  created,  through  some  means,  in  regard  to 
the  acceptance  of  the  volunteer  company  from  Franklin  County,  com 
manded  by  Captain  McCarty.  The  news  was  taken  to  Captain  McCarty 
that  partiality  had  been  exercised  by  the  Governor  in  giving  preference 
to  some  other  company  over  the  Franklin  company,  and  a  publication  was 
made  at  Brook ville  charging  that  the  company  had  been  at  one  time  ac 
cepted  by  the  Governor,  and  that  he  afterward  took  from  the  postoffice 
at  Indianapolis  the  letter  of  acceptance  and  gave  preference  to  another 
company,  to  the  exclusion  of  the  Franklin  company. 

On  the  arrival  of  the  Adjutant-General  at  New  Albany  he  informed 
Captain  McCarty  of  the  facts  of  the  case,  and  showed  him  the  regular 
official  register,  which  proved  that  the  Franklin  company  was  the  thirty- 
first  company  and  therefore  could  not  be  received  unless  some  one  or  more 
of  the  previously  accepted  companies  failed  to  reach  the  rendezvous.  The 
reason  why  the  letter  of  the  Adjutant-General  was  withdrawn  from  the 
postoffice  was  that  the  Governor,  some  four  or  five  days  previous  to  the 


receipt  of  the  returns  of  the  elections  of  the  officers  of  the  Franklin  com 
pany,  had  received  returns  from  the  Wabash  Rangers  of  Peru,  had  ac 
cepted  their  company  and,  in  the  hurry  of  business,  had  failed  to  report 
the  acceptance  of  the  Rangers  to  the  Adjutant-General,  and  only  in 
formed  him  in  time  to  prevent  the  reception  of  one  more  company  than 
the  requisition  of  the  State  permitted. 

Captain  Wilson  of  the  Wabash  Rangers  was  a  Whig,  but  there  was 
no  political  influence  to  prompt  the  Governor  to  accept  him  and  reject 
McCarty.  because  Wilson  was  accepted,  as  before  stated,  more  than  four 
days  before  McCarty  applied. 

Captain  McCarty,  now  Colonel  McCarty,  has  become  perfectly  satis 
fied  of  the  correct  treatment  of  his  company  and  has  sent  to  the  Brook- 
ville  Democrat  a  letter  of  explanation  fully  acquitting  Governor  Whit- 
comb  of  all  censure  on  this  subject. 


Indiana  Democrat,  July  10,  1S46. 

The  friends  and  relatives  of  the  Indiana  Volunteers  are  doubtless 
anxious  to  know  all  that  materially  concerns  them.  We  left  Camp  Whit- 
comb  on  Sunday,  the  5th  of  July,  after  having  been  at  that  camp  for  more 
than  two  weeks.  The  men  were  in  uncommonly  good  health,  considering 
that  2,553  of  them  were  encamped  in  their  tents,  subject  to  all  the 
changes  of  tide,  water  and  habits  of  living  incident  to  the  change  from 
the  life  of  a  citizen  to  that  of  a  soldier.  Not  a  man  had  died  during  the 
time  of  our  stay  at  New  Albany  and  but  very  few  serious  cases  of  sick 
ness  had  occurred.  The  men  had  all  been  paid  their  clothing  pay  for  one 
year,  and  had  provided  their  uniforms  and  necessary  shirts,  drawers, 
socks,  shoes,  blankets,  etc.,  and  looked  neat,  clean  and  comfortable.  The 
First  Regiment,  commanded  by  Colonel  Drake,  went  on  board  steamboats 
on  Sunday  afternoon,  and  left  on  that  evening  for  New  Orleans.  Six 
companies  were  shipped  on  board  the  Cincinnati,  and  four  companies  on 
the  Grace  Darling,  making  the  full  regiment  on  the  two  boats.  They  are 
to  stop  at  Baton  Rouge  to  draw  their  gims  and  other  fighting  equipments 
and  will  then  be  lauded  near  New  Orleans  to  be  transshipped  in  ocean 
steamers  or  slow  vessels  to  Point  Isabel,  with  as  little  delay  at  New  Or 
leans  as  possible. 

The  Second  and  Third  regiments  were  to  leave  at  intervals  of  two 
days,  one  on  Tuesday  and  the  other  on  Thursday,  so  that  by  this  day 
every  Indiana  volunteer  will  be  nearing  his  way  to  the  plains  of  Mexico, 
elated  with  the  hope,  full  of  urgent  desire  to  join  his  fellow-soldiers  in 
the  incursion  into  the  interior  of  the  enemy's  country. 

As  an  evidence  of  the  good  state  of  health  which  is  prevailing  among 
the  troops,  we  believe  there  was  not  a  man  in  Colonel  Drake's  regiment 
who  was  not  able  to  go  on  board  the  steamboat  without  assistance.  The 
health  of  New  Orleans  is  reported  by  passengers  from  the  city  as  being 
very  good. 


Indiana  Democrat,  July  10,  18Jt6. 

On  Friday  afternoon,  at  Camp  Whitcomb,  near  New  Albany,  Lieuten 
ant  Parcel,  of  Captain  Wilson's  company  of  Wabash  Hangers,  received  a 
very  dangerous  stab  in  the  side,  between  the  ribs  and  the  haunch  bone. 
The  man  who  stabbed  him  was  a  member  of  his  company,  an  Irishman 
near  40  years  of  age,  by  the  name  of  Michael  McDonald,  who  joined  the 
company  at  Edinburg  and  says  he  has  been  in  America  about  twenty-one 

Lieutenant  Parcel  gave  him  no  cause  of  offense  other  than  by  ordering 
him  to  cease  quarreling  with  one  or  two  other  volunteers  near  the  tent, 
when  he  struck  at  the  Lieutenant  with  his  knife,  which  entered  the  body 
nearly  four  inches.  McDonald  was  immediately  arrested,  and  on  the  next 
morning  a  court-martial  was  called,  which  examined  the  evidence,  heard 
the  argument,  but  did  not  make  known  their  decision.  The  court  ordered 
him  to  be  put  in  irons  and  to  be  taken  with  the  regiment  down  the  river. 
Lieutenant  Parcel  is  not  dead  and  hopes  are  entertained  that  he  may  re 
cover.  We  believe  the  regulations  of  the  army  punish  McDonald's  crime 
with  death  by  shooting.  We  shall  look  for  the  announcement  of  the  ver 
dict  of  the  court  with  much  interest. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  July  11,  1846. 

NEW  ALBANY,  INDIANA,  July  5,  184(5,  5  p.  m. 

DEAR  CHAPMAN — The  steamer  "Cincinnati"  has  just  left  the  wharf  for 
the  city  of  New  Orleans,  bearing  six  companies  of  our  troops  under  com 
mand  of  Colonel  Drake. 

I  dined  on  board  the  steamer  with  the  troops  and  took  leave  of  many 
an  intimate  friend.  The  wharf  and  bank  were  thronged  with  many  anx 
ious  spectators,  and  when  the  vessel  turned  from  the  shore  and  the  cannon 
forced  her  thunder  across  the  water  and  our  volunteers  turned  a  wistful 
(•ye  to  the  land  they  were  leaving,  they  waved  their  caps  and  shouted  a 
parting  blessing  to  Indiana,  which  was  responded  to  by  cheers  and  shouts 
from  the  dense  throng  on  shore  and  the  waving  of  handkerchiefs  by  white 
hands  from  every  garden,  window  and  portico  in  the  vicinity. 

While  I  am  writing  the  steamer  "Grace  Darling"  has  rounded  to  to 
take  on  board  the  remaining  four  companies  of  the  First  Regiment,  which 
includes  all  of  the  troops  north  of  the  National  Road.  The  other  two  regi 
ments  are  expected  to  leave  within  a  few  days.  I  expect  to  be  at  home  in 
six  or  eight  days.  Your  friend. 



Indiana  Sentinel,  July  11,  1846. 

The  Indiana  Volunteers  had  spent  more  than  two  weeks  in  ("amp  Whit- 
comb,  when,  on  the  3d  of  July  Colonel  Drake  announced  that  on  the  5th 
of  July,  the  regiment  under  his  command  would  leave  the  camp  for  Mata- 
moras.  No  sooner  was  this  fact  made  known  than  the  air  was  rent  with 
the  deafening  shouts  of  the  volunteers.  Every  countenance  wore  a  smile 
and  their  actions  too  plainly  showed  that  they  were  all  on  hand  and  not 
only  ready  but  anxious  to  serve  their  country. 

The  next  day  was  principally  spent  in  making  preparations  to  leave. 
They  had  intended  to  parade  and  celebrate  the  Fourth  of  July  in  a  suit 
able  manner,  but  the  most  of  us  came  to  the  conclusion  that  preparing  to 
start  for  the  Rio  Grande  was  more  important  than  to  parade,  and  we  lost 
no  time  in  making  the  necessary  arrangements,  and  by  noon  everything 
was  in  readiness.  The  Fourth  was  celebrated  by  firing  the  cannon,  the  day 
went  off  well,  with  the  exception  that  one  of  the  lieutenants  of  the  Wabash 
Rangers  was  stabbed  by  a  private  in  that  company.  I  do  not  recall  the 
name  of  the  private  that  committed  the  crime,  but  I  understand  that  he 
formerly  worked  in  Indianapolis  at  the  blacksmithing  business.  He  was 
immediately  taken  into  custody  and  will  probably  be  tried  by  court-martial 

The  next  day  (the  5th)  being  the  time  appointed  to  start  for  Mexico, 
we  arose  early  in  the  morning,  took  down  our  tents  and  rolled  them  up. 
and  everything  was  soon  put  in  readiness.  Just  before  we  left  the  camp 
two  gentlemen  presented  each  soldier  of  the  First  Regiment  with  a  testa 
ment  ;  some,  however,  being  absent  from  the  camp,  got  no  testaments. 

The  Mad  Anthony  Guards.  Wayne  Guards.  Wabash  Rangers.  Wabash 
Invincibles,  Fountain  Volunteers  and  Putnam  Blues  went  aboard  the  Cin 
cinnati,  and  the  Marion  Volunteers.  Montgomery  Volunteers,  Cass  Volun 
teers  and  Ileudricks  Volunteers  went  on  board  the  Grace  Darling. 

Just  before  the  Cincinnati  pushed  off  a  fight  came  off  between  one  of 
the  Wayne  Guards  and  a  deck  hand.  The  deck  hand  got  the  worst  of  the 
fight,  one  eye  being  so  badly  bruised  that  it  looked  as  though  it  would 
never  again  be  fit  for  use.  As  the  boat  left,  the  soldiers  were  applauded  by 
the  crowd  collected  on  the  shore. 


Orleans  Picai/unc,  July  15,  1846. 
Volunteers  are  now  pouring  in  faster  than  ever,  and  are  sent  off  to  the 
Point  with  the  utmost  possible  despatch.  Colonel  Hunt,  the  quartermaster. 
exerting  himself  to  the  utmost  to  procure  good  transports  to  enable  the 
volunteers  to  reach  the  seat  of  war  at  the  earliest  possible  moment.  The 
steamboats  Homer  and  James  Hewitt  arrived  from  Louisville  yesterday. 
having  on  board  three  regiments  of  Indiana  volunteers  under  the  command 
of  Colonel  Joseph  Lane.  They  are  all  a  fine-looking  body  of  men  and  will 
be  able  to  render  a  good  account  of  themselves  when  the  opportunity  pre 
sents  itself. 


Indiana  Democrat,  July  17. 

A  private  of  Captain  Sullivan's  company  fell  and  expired  in  a  few  mo 
ments  on  Wednesday,  the  8th  hist.,  as  the  company  were  leaving  New  Al 
bany.  as  he  was  approaching  the  steamboat.  He  was  somewhat  intemper 
ate  and  the  overpowering  heat  of  the  snn  induced  an  attack  of  apoplexy. 

The  whole  of  the  Indiana  troops  are  beginning  to  join  the  army  of  oc 
cupation.  The  last  of  them  left  New  Albany  on  Sunday,  the  12th  hist.  If 
there  was  no  unexpected  detention  at  New  Orleans,  the  First  Regiment  is 
bv  this  time  on  the  Rio  Grande. 


Madison  Courier,  July  18,  18.'f(). 

SIR — The  few  weeks  which  have  just  passed  have  been  remarkable  in 
our  quiet  little  city.  With  twenty-fire  hundred  soldiers  encamped  among 
us  it  would  not  be  expected  that  everything  would  move  along  in  the  old 
style.  We  have  had  the  world  in  miniature  all  concentrated  in  New  Al 
bany.  The  two  companies  from  your  city  made  a  fine  appearance,  especial 
ly  the  one  commanded  by  Captain  Ford. 

As  soon  as  the  troops  all  arrived.  Governor  Whitcomb  and  General 
Reynolds  proceeded,  as  the  proper  officers,  to  arrange  the  companies  into 
regiments.  This  work  would  have  been  done  with  dispatch  and  to  the 
general  satisfaction  of  the  companies  had  it  not  been  for  the  party  inter 
ference  of  a  set  of  fellows  who  were  too  cowardly  to  volunteer  themselves, 
but  who  were  mean  enough  to  come  from  different  parts  of  the  State  on 
the  mission  of  the  devil  to  throw  discord  among  our  unsuspecting  troops 
and  to  involve  our  patriotic  Governor  in  difficulties,  and  if  possible  to  ac 
complish  something  which  would  operate  to  his  defeat  in  the  coming  elec 
tion.  A  certain  noted  family  of  auditor  and  land  speculation  memory  of 
Indianapolis  was  fully  represented  in  this  low  and  dirty  work.  Governor 
Whitcomb,  wishing  the  soldiers  to  make  their  own  regiments,  gave  them 
the  liberty  to  divide  off  into  regiments  to  suit  themselves. 

Nine  captains  got  together  and  agreed  to  form  the  First  Regiment  and 
gat  the  consent  of  Captain  Ford  to  make  the  tenth,  having  a  complete 
ticket  of  their  own  officers  made  out  as  they  went  along.  They  reported 
themselves  to  the  Governor,  but  he  refused  to  recognize  them  as  a  regi 
ment,  because  they  had  made  a  selection  of  the  very  best  companies  in  the 
camp  and  the  other  companies  would  have  felt  insulted  as  they  could  not 
agree  in  the  formation  of  the  other  two  regiments.  This  rejection  caused 
quite  a  breeze  and  there  were  not  wanting  on  the  ground  in  this  time  of 
excitement  erratical  Whigs,  having  no  connection  with  the  army,  and  of 
course  no  business  there,  who  did  nothing  but  fan  this  matter  to  a  flame. 
They  tried  to  get  the  soldiers  to  revolt  and  to  burn  the  Governor  in  effigy. 
Even  some  of  the  Governor's  political  friends  were  operated  on  for  a  little 
while  by  this  wicked  influence. 

The  Governor  bore  it  undaunted  and  stood  to  his  post  like  a  man  and 
a  hero,  and  notwithstanding  these  enemies  in  camp,  he,  assisted  by  General 


Reynolds  (a  gentleman  of  the  noblest  spirit),  organized  the  regiments  so 
as  to  give  general  satisfaction  to  the  entire  army ;  even  the  mouths  of  the 
enemy  were  stopped.  The  organizaion  of  the  three  regiments  left  the  com 
pany  from  Brookville  as  the  first  company  in  reserve,  it  being  the  thirty- 
first  company  to  report,  and  all  the  rest  being  on  the  ground  there  was  no 
place  for  it.  This  matter  being  most  falsely  represented  to  Captain  Mc- 
Carty,  he,  for  a  while,  appeared  very  much  incensed  against  the  Governor, 
but  when  the  matter  was  explained  to  him  by  the  Adjutant-General,  he 
was  fully  satisfied  that  he  and  his  company  had  been  honestly  and  hon 
orably  dealt  with,  and  so  far  as  his  company  were  concerned  he  at  once 
ceased  all  complaints. 

I  was  proud  of  our  troops  as  they  marched  from  Camp  Whitcomb  to 
their  respective  steamboats  which  bore  them  toward  their  destined  battle 
fields.  They  were  an  honor  to  the  State  and  I  am  confident  will  not  dis 
grace  it. 


Indiana  Democrat,  July  2^,  18^6. 

We  have  information  that  the  First  Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers, 
under  Colonel  Drake,  arrived  at  New  Orleans  on  Saturday,  the  llth  of 
July.  The  greatest  exertions  were  making  to  forward  them  immediately 
to  Mexico.  The  other  two  regiments  were  only  a  few  days  behind  them. 


Indiana,  Democrat,  July  31,  1846. 

We  extract  the  following  list  of  appointments  from  a  General  Order 
of  the  Adjutant-General  dated  July  IT.  1846. 

IV.  Appointments  in  pursuance  of  an  act  entitled  "An  act  to  provide 
for  the  organization  of  the  volunteer  forces  brought  into  the  service  of  the 
United  States  into  brigades  and  divisions,  and  for  the  appointment  of  the 
necessary  number  of  general  officers  to  command  the  same.  Approved  June 
26,  1846." 

The  following  named  are  from  Indiana : 

Brigadier-General.  Joseph  Lane.  July  1.  1846. 

Quartermaster,  with  the  rank  of  Major.  Samuel  P.  Mooiiey,  June  26. 

Assistant  Quartermasters,  with  the  rank  of  Captain.  Alanson  W.  Enos, 
June  26,  1846;  Robert  Mitchell.  June  26.  1846. 

Commissary,  with  the  rank  of  Major.  Alexander  F.  Morrison.  July  14. 

Commissaries,  with  the  rank  of  Captain,  Chris.  C.  Graham,  June  26. 
1846;  Xehemiah  Haydon,  June  26,  1846;  Delana  R.  Eckels,  June  26.  1846. 

Surgeons,  James  S.  Athon,  July  14.  1846:  Caleb  V.  Jones.  July  14. 
1846;  Daniel  S.  Lane,  July  14,  1846. 

Assistant  Surgeons,  William  Fosdick.  July  14,  1846;  John  G.  Dunn, 
July  14,  1846 ;  John  T.  Walker.  July  14,  1846. 


Indiana  Democrat,  July  31,  1846. 

CAMP  JACKSON,  La.,  July  14,  1846. 

EDITOR  OF  DEMOCRAT — In  a  few  hours  we  embark  on  board  a  ship  for 
Point  Isabel,  and  as  we  are  very  busy  packing  up  preparatory  to  leaving, 
I  have  only  a  few  moments  to  write.  We  arrived  here  on  Saturday,  July 

The  most  of  us  enjoyed  good  health  on  board  the  steamboat.  We  had 
some  twenty  sick  out  of  our  four  companies.  Below  Natchez  we  lost  one 
poor  fellow  by  the  name  of  Hart,  of  the  Hendricks  company.  Every  at 
tention  was  paid  to  him ;  every  convenience  that  could  be  had,  and  the 
attention  of  two  excellent  physicians,  but  all  in  vain.  We  buried  him  at 
the  barracks  graveyard  at  Baton  Rouge. 

Our  flag  is  much  admired,  as  it  can  be  seen  at  all  hours  waving  over 
the  Marion  boys,  and  if  you  could  know  the  spirit  which  animates  them 
you  would  have  no  apprehension  but  that  if  any  of  them  live  to  return  to 
their  friends  and  their  homes  that  flag  will  be  with  them.  The  sound  of 
the  drum  calls  to  the  duty  of  embarking  and  to  all  of  our  friends  we  must 
say  goodbye.  I  will  write  again  from  Point  Isabel,  when  I  shall  have 
more  time. 


Indiana  Democrat,  July  31,  1846. 

The  last  of  the  volunteers  left  New  Orleans  on  the  18th  of  July,  the 
First  Regiment  on  the  evening  of  the  fifteenth,  at  which  time  the  Third 
Regiment  arrived.  By  some  very  singular  state  of  things  there  has  been 
no  letters  received  here  since  the  arrival  of  the  troops  at  New  Orleans, 
which  was  on  the  llth  hist.,  a  period  of  twenty  days,  and  their  friends  are 
watching  every  arrival  of  the  mail  with  much  anxiety. 

New  Albany  Democrat,  July  31,  1846. 

We  learn  through  the  medium  of  a  private  letter  from  an  officer  in  one 
of  the  Indiana  Volunteer  companies,  who  writes  from  on  board  steamer, 
Cincinnati,  then  near  Vicksburg,  that  the  soldiers  generally  were  pretty 
healthy  and  well  contended  with  their  situation.  In  the  same  letter  men 
tion  is  also  made  of  the  death  of  one  of  the  volunteers  belonging  to  Captain 
Lewis'  company.  He  died  from  inflammation  of  the  brain  and  was  buried 
with  honor  by  moonlight  upon  the  banks  of  the  majestic  Mississippi.  A 
German  from  this  city  who  had  been  drinking  to  excess,  had  become  rav 
ing  mad  and  had  been  placed  under  strict  watch. 


Brookville  American,  July  31,  1846. 

We  regret  to  learn  from  tiie  Vicksburg  Whig  that  Mr.  Freeman  H. 
Cross,  a  volunteer  of  Colonel  Lane's  regiment  from  Indiana,  and  a  relative 
of  the  General  of  that  name  belonging  to  the  Louisville  Legion,  and  of 


Colonel  Cross,  killed  on  the  Rio  Grande,  was  drowned  by  falling  off  the 
wharf  boat  at  Vicksburg  on  the  13th  iust.  while  the  James  Hewitt,  on 
which  the  regiment  embarked  for  Xew  Orleans,  was  lying  at  the  landing. 
The  Whig  says  that  if  his  body  should  be  found  it  will  be  decently  in 
terred  so  that  his  friends  can  reclaim  it  if  desired.  Mr.  Cross  was  from 
Charlestown,  Indiana. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  August  1,  1840. 

We  had  a  very  pleasant  trip  from  Camp  Whitcomb  to  the  battle  ground, 
though  we  were  not  altogether  exempt  from  misfortunes.  Sickness  and 
death  preyed  upon  our  ranks.  On  the  night  of  the  7th  Dennis  Keyton  of 
the  Wayne  Guards  died  after  a  very  short  illness.  He  was  a  native  of 
Scotland,  but  had  adopted  America  for  his  home.  He  was  a  warm-hearted 
associate,  a  true  patriot  and  a  brave  soldier.  On  the  8th  we  stopped  at 
Memphis  to  bury  our  fellow  soldier,  and  I  am  informed  he  was  refused 
a  burial  place  in  the  graveyard.  After  the  sun  had  set  and  it  began,  to 
grow  dark  we  stopped  five  miles  above  Helena  and  buried  him.  He  de 
served  a  better  interment,  but  it  \vras  not  in  our  power  to  do  better. 

We  stopped  a  few  minutes  at  Vicksburg  on  the  9th.  The  next  evening 
we  stopped  at  Baton  Rouge  and  received  our  arms.  While  lying  in  port 
some  of  the  soldiers  observed  a  little  Frenchman  in  possession  of  a  coat 
belonging  to  the  Mad  Anthony  Guards.  It  appears  that  the  little  scape 
goat  had  been  in  the  habit  of  traveling  the  river,  working  his  passage  and 
stealing.  He  pretended  to  be  crazy,  but  this  was  doubtless  a  scheme  to 
deceive.  Money  had  been  stolen  from  the  soldiers  in  nearly  every  com 
pany  and  there  can  be  but  little  doubt  that  he  was  the  thief.  The  coat 
was  found,  but  none  of  the  lost  money.  He  was  kicked  about  considerably 
and  by  some  means  got  ashore. 

The  soldiers  generally  enjoy  good  health,  taking  everything  into  con 
sideration.  However,  the  lieutenant  of  the  Wabash  Rangers,  who  was 
stabbed  at  Camp  Whitcomb,  grew  worse,  so  that  we  left  him  with  a  friend 
at  St.  Francisville,  some  distance  above  Baton  Rouge.  The  man  that" 
stabbed  him  was  kept  on  the  boat  in  irons.  I  know  not  what  his  fate  will 
be,  but  the  probability  is  that  sentence  of  death  has  already  been  passed 
upon  him  and  that  it  is  only  known  by  the  court-martial. 

I  have  a  strong  hope  that  the  lieutenant  will  recover,  but  it  is  ex 
tremely  doubtful  whether  he  will  be  as  well  and  athletic  as  he  was  before. 
On  the  morning  of  the  llth  we  arrived  on  General  Jackson's  battle  ground 
and  there  pitched  our  tents.  The  Grace  Darling  arrived  here  after  sun 
down,  bringing  the  other  four  companies  of  our  regiment,  and  it  was  with 
deep  regret  that  we  learned  that  Mr.  Hart  of  the  Heudricks  County  Volun 
teers  had  died  on  the  boat  and  was  buried  at  Baton  Rouge.  There  was 
some  sickness  on  the  Grace  Darling,  but  all  appeared  to  be  on  the  mend. 


Indiana  Democrat,  August  7,  1846. 

We  have  been  kindly  furnished  with  the  following  extract  of  a  letter 
from  Colonel  Drake  containing  additional  items  of  interest  concerning  the 

ON  BOARD  SHIP  SOPHIA  WALKER,  July  16,  1846,  9  o'Clock  a.  in. 

On  yesterday  eight  of  my  companies  embarked  on  this  ship  and  the 
Flavio ;  five  companies  on  the  Flavio  and  three  on  this  vessel.  I  had  to 
leave  two  companies  and  our  horses  to  be  sent  on  some  other  vessel.  It 
was  thought,  before  we  commenced  embarkation,  that  these  ships  would 
take  the  whole  regiment  comfortably,  but  when  wTe  embarked  we  found 
that  eight  companies  were  as  many  as  could  go  without  crowding  too 
much.  I  left  Major  Lane  in  command  of  the  two  remaining  companies,  to 
wit :  The  Montgomery  Volunteers  and  the  Peru  Rangers.  The  Hendricks 
County,  Marion  and  Oass  County  companies  are  on  board  this  vessel.  The 
Putnam,  the  Fountain,  the  Carroll  and  two  Allen  County  companies  are  on 
the  Flavio  under  command  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  Nave.  One  of  the  Foun 
tain  Volunteers  has  just  died  from  a  fall  down  the  hatchway  last  night. 
The  Marion  Volunteers  are  now  all  on  their  feet  and  are  doing  well. 

The  Third  Regiment  arrived  at  New  Orleans  on  the  14th,  having  lost 
L»O  of  their  men  on  the  way,  their  sick  list  numbering  thirty,  who,  I  be 
lieve,  were  doing  well  when  we  left.  General  Lane,  with  half  of  the  Sec 
ond  Regiment,  arrived  at  the  battle  ground  last  night  at  12  o'clock,  all  in 
good  health  and  having  had  no  accident  or  sickness.  We  are  nowr  about 
thirty  or  forty  miles  from  the  Gulf  of  Mexico,  with  a  fine  steamer  be 
tween  our  two  vessels.  One  of  our  ships,  the  Flavio,  is  a  large  class — 640 
tons — and  the  Sophia  Walker  about  350  tons.  We  are  all  in  good  spirits, 
expecting  to  enter  the  gulf  in  a  few  hours,  when  we  expect  to  have  the 
benefit  of  sea  sickness.  The  country  on  the  shores  of  the  river  down  here 
is  but  little  cultivated.  A  few  feet  rise  in  the  river  would  overflow  the 
latter.  I  suppose  it  is  all  subject  to  inundation. 


Indiana  Democrat,  Ann  list  14,  1846. 

GULF  OF  MEXICO,  July  21,  1846. 

Our  regiment,  the  First,  with  the  exception  of  two  companies,  the 
Montgomery  and  Miami,  embarked  at  the  battle  ground  on  Wednesday 
evening.  July  15.  on  board  ships  Sophia  Walker  and  Flavio.  Three  com 
panies,  the  Cass,  Hendricks  and  Marion,  are  on  board  the  former.  Yes 
terday  at  10  o'clock,  after  a  very  rough  passage,  land  was  in  sight.  Our 
cannon  gave  notice-  of  our  approach  and  in  half  an  hour  we  were  entering 
off  the  island  of  Brazos  Santiago.  As  you  are  aware,  none  but  the  small 
est  cla^s  vessels  can  go  over  the  bar  at  this  island.  Colonel  Drake  went 
ashore  a  short  time  after  our  arrival  to  proc-ure  a  slower  vessel  and  has 
rot  yet  returned,  and  MS  the  sea  is  very  rough  today,  the  probability  is 
that  he  will  not  return  until  tomorrow. 


I  witnessed  a  scene  this  morning,  strange,  solemn  and  affecting,  a 
burial  at  sea.  A  member  of  the  Hendricks  County  company  (Captain 
Crawford),  McAllister  by  name,  died  last  night.  As  there  appeared  to  be 
no  possibility  of  getting  ashore,  we  were  compelled  to. bury  him  at  sea. 
His  remains  were  sewn  up  in  a  sack,  well  shotted  at  the  feet,  and  laid 
upon  the  quarter  deck,  the  flag  of  his  country  his  pall.  At  11  o'clock  the 
ensign  flying  at  half-mast,  reversed,  the  first  gun  was  tired  and  the  com 
panies  were  formed  along  the  deck ;  the  body  was  carried  to  the  star 
board  gangway,  where  the  burial  services  were  read  over  it.  which  being 
finished,  another  gun  was  fired  and  his  remains  were  consigned  to  the 
deep.  One  dull,  heavy  splash  and  the  blue  waves  closed  over  him  forever. 
Away  from  home,  country,  friends  and  all  that  makes  this  world  dear, 
beneath  the  waters  of  the  gulf  for  ages  he  will  sleep.  Every  attention  is 
paid  to  the  sick  that  circumstances  will  allow. 

Under  date  of  the  22d,  he  continues: 

I  am  again  on  land,  or  rather  on  sand,  for  the  island  is  nothing  but  a 
sand  bar.  From  the  lauding  the  encampment  has  the  appearance  of  a 
Inrge  town  and  from  the  number  of  wagons,  boats,  etc.,  unloading  and  the 
men  lying  around,  quite  a  flourishing  one.  We  pitched  our  tents  this 
morning,  and  if  it  were  not  for  the  sand  getting  in  our  eyes  and  vic 
tuals,  it  would  be  rather  pleasant.  The  balance  of  our  regiment  are  being 
brought  ashore.  The  two  companies  1  spoke  of  in  the  first  part  of  my 
letter  were  driven  ashore  about  eleven  miles  below.  Nobody  lost.  They 
will  be  up  tomorrow.  We  are  now  moving  half  a  regiment  a  day  to  Barita, 
our  quarters  until  further  notice,  some  say  until  September,  others  for  a 
few  weeks  only,  but  one  thing  certain,  we  are  bound  for  Monterey  as  soon 
as  possible.  The  Marion  men  are  all  well  and  would  like  to  hear  from 
home.  Our  letters  are  to  be  directed  to  Marion  Volunteers.  First  Regi 
ment,  Indiana  Brigade,  in  care  of  Colonel  J.  P.  Drake,  Point  Isabel.  Texas, 
from  whence  they  will  be  sent  to  us.  Could  not  some  of  our  good  friends 
send  us  a  paper  occasionally  The  last  news  from  home  was  July  5th. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  August  19,  1846. 

On  the  12th  of  July  I  took  the  liberty  to  go  out  of  the  encampment 
and  view  the  scenery  around.  I  had  heard  much  of  Jackson's  battle  ground, 
and  it  was  a  great  treat  to  me  to  tread  upon  the  vast  plain  where  deeds  of 
glory  had  been  achieved  by  the  brave,  where  the  flag  of  liberty  and  repub 
licanism  was  reared  and  successfully  defended  by  an  army  as  patriotic  as 
they  were  brave.  On  the  13th  our  company  of  Fountain  Riflemen  elected 
Finley  L.  Maddox  first  lieutenant.  Lieutenant  R.  W.  Lyon  resigned  his 
command  at  Vicksburg  for  the  purpose  of  going  home.  He  said  he  was 
satisfied  he  could  not  stand  the  trip.  We  all  regretted  this  circumstance. 
We  had  .been  boasting  that  no  one  that  volunteered  in  our  company  had 
gone  back,  but  now  all  such  boasting  had  to  cense.  I  think  Lieutenant 
Maddox  will  "stand  the  trip"  and  stand  at  the  mouth  of  the  cannon,  too, 
if  necessary.  As  he  is  a  believer  in  scriptural  matters,  he  will  doubtless 
think  of  the  proverb,  "Remember  Lot's  wife." 



A  boat  containing  troops  from  the  Third  Regiment  arrived  on  the  14th. 
Two  soldiers  were  lost  on  this  boat.  One  died  of  measles,  the  other  fell 
overboard.  On  the  15th  more  boats  arrived,  one  containing  Tennessee 
troops,  another  troops  from  the  Third  Regiment  of  Ohio,  another  from  the 
Second  Regiment  of  Indiana. 

The  First  Regiment  from  Indiana  shipped  today  for  the  seat  of  war. 
The  Putnam  Blues,  Fountain  Riflemen,  Wabash  Invincibles,  Mad  Anthony 
Guards  and  Wayne  Guards  went  on  board  the  Flavio.  The  Marion  Volun 
teers,  Cass  Volunteers  and  Hendricks  County  Volunteers  went  on  board  the 
Sophia  Walker.  The  Montgomery  Volunteers  and  Wabash  Rangers  re 
mained  behind  and  got  on  a  barque.  While  we  were  getting  aboard  the 
Flavio  Henry  Elliott  of  the  Fountain  Riflemen  fell  through  the  hatchway 
and  was  so  badly  injured  that  he  died  the  next  day.  He  was  an  upright 
citizen  and  a  temperate  man.  The  passage  at  the  foot  of  the  stairs  being 
dark  was  the  cause  of  this  misstep. 

We  had  a  lucky  trip  on  the  Flavio,  considering  the  great  disadvan 
tages  we  labored  under.  Our  fare  was  too  rough  for  soldier  boys  who  had 
always  been  well  fed.  We  had  a  kind  of  stuff  called  smoked  meat  that  was 
sides  of  hog,  half  liquid  and  half  solid.  WThenever  a  piece  was  picked  up 
you  could  see  something  ooze  out  that  resembled  lard  oil.  1  never  learned 
who  purchased  it,  but  it  was  taken  on  the  boat  at  New  Albany.  I  de 
stroyed  about  a  sixth  of  a  ration  a  day  while  we  were  crossing  the  gulf. 
The  pilot  bread  was  of  an  inferior  kind.  We  had  sugar  and  coffee,  but 
only  had  two  fires  for  five  companies  to  cook  by.  Our  accommodations  for 
sleeping  were  still  worse.  The  place  below  was  so  much  crowded  with 
freight  that  but  little  room  was  left  to  lie  down,  and  those  who  were  so 
fortunate  as  to  find  a  place  to  lay  their  heads  were  nearly  suffocated.  The 
best  chance  to  sleep  was  upon  the  upper  deck,  as  it  was  much  more  com 
fortable  to  be  stepped  on  a  few  times  than  to  be  nearly  suffocated  all 
night.  One  night  I  had  some  difficulty  in  finding  a  lodging  place,  but  acci 
dentally  observed  a  vacant  spot  on  the  anchor  chain  and  took  possession  of 
it  as  quickly  as  a  toad  would  catch  a  fly.  Four  hours  sleeping  of  this  kind 
was  enough  for  me.  I  would  have  been  glad  to  exchange  my  bed  for  a 
Yankee  stone  wall  and  give  a  little  boot.  However,  the  good  people  of 
Indiana  will  be  happy  to  learn  that  their  officers  were  well  fed.  They 
slept  in  the  cabin  and  lived  on  raisin  pudding,  chicken  fixins,  beef,  pork, 
Irish  potatoes  and  other  luxuries.  As  half  a  loaf  is  better  than  none,  it 
must  follow  as  an  inevitable  consequence  that  it  was  better  to  feed  a 
portion  of  the  volunteers  (the  officers)  than  none,  and  we  have  reason  to 
rejoice  that  some  of  the  volunteers  received  good  treatment  and  fared 
sumptuously  every  day.  The  Flavio  cast  anchor  off  of  Brazos  Santiago, 
Texas,  on  the  21st,  and  we  were  taken  ashore  on  a  steamboat  the  next  day. 
The  Sophia  WTalker  came  in  on  the  12th  and  the  troops  got  ashore  the 
day  after.  Colonel  Drake  came  on  the  Sophia  Walker,  but  he  used  the 
utmost  exertions  to  get  us  off  the  Flavio.  As  the  ship  was  much  higher 
than  the  steamboat,  we  had  to  go  down  upon  the  outside  of  the  ship  and 
jump  on  to  the  steamboat.  As  it  was  considered  hazardous  by  some,  Colo 
nel  Drake  stood  at  the  side  of  the  steamboat  and  took  every  man  by  the 
hand  and  helped  him  from  the  ship  to  the  boat.  Lieutenant-Colonel  Nave 
performed  the  herculean  task  of  helping  his  own  saddle  off  the  ship.  We 


were  all  glad  to  get  upon  land.  A  number  of  us  had  been  seasick  and 
could  not  eat  the  kind  of  provisions  we  had  on  ship.  The  captain  of  the 
ship  was  a  great  aristocrat,  but  the  mates  and  sailors  were  whole-souled 
fellows  and  gave  the  soldiers  all  the  liberties  in  getting-  places  to  sleep 
that  they  dared.  One  of  the  sailors  made  a  place  for  me  to  sleep  in  his 
cabin  when  I  was  sick.  Some  others  gave  some  of  their  allowance  of  pro 
visions  at  times  when  I  most  needed  something  fit  to  eat.  We  soon  pitched 
our  tents  when  we  got  ashore  and  felt  like  new  creatures.  After  fixing 
the  sick  as  comfortably  as  we  could,  we  commenced  drawing  our  rations 
for  four  days.  We  drew  pickled  i>ork,  beef,  coffee,  beans,  etc.  We  cooked, 
ate  and  began  to  feel  as  though  a  new  era  was  about  to  dawn  upon  us. 

On  the  25th  of  July  Henry  Updike  of  the  Fountain  Riflemen  died  of 
measles.  He  was  first  taken  on  the  ship  and  suffered  them  to  strike  in. 
There  are  but  few  sick  at  this  time,  and  they  are  all  on  the  mend.  From 
what  I  can  learn  there  are  not  as  many  sick  in  our  regiment  at  this  time 
as  there  were  when  we  left  New  Albany. 

Two  companies  of  the  First  Regiment  from  Indiana,  the  Wabash 
Rangers  and  Montgomery  Volunteers,  are  not  yet  on  the  ground.  They 
were  drifted  upon  a  sand  bank  about  twelve  miles  from  here,  near  the 
island  of  De  Padre.  Part  of  the  Second  and  Third  Regiments  from  Indi 
ana  are  at  anchor  and  going  ashore  as  fast  as  possible.  All  the  soldier 
boys  will  be  here  in  a  few  days,  and  all  that  I  have  seen  appeared  to  stand 
the  trip  and  hardships  much  better  than  I  could  possibly  expect. 


Bmokville  American,  August  21,  1846. 

The  following  is  an  extract  from  a  letter  from  a  member  of  the  com 
pany  of  Dearborn  County  Volunteers  concerning  whose  safety  there  was 
considerable  anxiety  felt  at  this  place  for  a  few  days  on  account  of  their 
long  voyage.  It  was  feared  that  they  had  been  lost,  but  they  are  all  safe 
and  all  well,  as  will  be  seen  by  the  following : 


We  all  left  New  Orleans  on  the  17th.  After  eleven  days'  rough  sail 
we  landed  here,  and  a  great  sail  we  had  of  it.  Imagine  two  hundred  men 
stowed  away  in  a  small  brig  with  a  4^-foot  hold;  all  her  crew  with  two 
hundred  volunteers  to  sleep  in  that  hold  warm  nights  and  sometimes  a 
heavy  sea ;  the  hatches  all  down,  without  a  window  or  an  air  hole ;  to 
live  on  coffee,  slop  fed  food,  meat  and  dry  crackers;  half  the  men  seasick 
and  spewing  all  about  you ;  sometimes  you  would  find  yourself  eating  and 
some  one  close  by  would  let  slip  right  on  your  dinner  and  your  clothes; 
and  then  you  will  imagine  how  pleasant  our  trip  wras  from  New  Orleans 
to  this  place. 

Our  captain  said  he  would  make  the  trip  in  three  days,  but  the  wind 
was  unfavorable  and  we  made  a  long  trip  of  it.  The  rest  of  the  regiment 
left  at  the  same  time  we  did,  but  they  beat  us  in  five  days.  One  of  the 
ships  saw  us  in  a  gale  by  which  we  lost  our  topgallant  sail,  but  no  serious 
damage  was  done ;  and  being  out  a  good  while,  they  thought  we  were  lost, 


and  I  understand  that  Dr.  J.  G.  Dunn  wrote  home  to  that  effect,  which  I 
fear  will  make  a  good  many  anxious.  There  are  about  ten  thousand  men 
encamped  here,  some  dying  every  day  with  measles,  and  some  with  fever. 
The  Indiana  troops  have  lost  eight  or  ten  since  they  left  New  Albany,  but 
none  of  the  Dearborn  Volunteers  has  died.  We  have  been  organized  into 
a  rifle  company  and  drew  our  rifles  today.  I  expect  we  will  have  a  hard 
time  of  it,  but  we  are  all  in  good  spirits.  F.  M.  G. 

Indiana  Democrat,  August  21,  1846. 

The  Cincinnati  Commercial  says :  "A  company  of  mounted  riflemen 
raised  under  the  new  law  of  Congress,  left  here  for  the  north  of  Indiana 
yesterday,  August  13th,  commanded  by  Lieutenant  S.  S.  Tipton." 


Indiana  Democrat,  August  21,  1846. 

IN  CAMP,  BRAZOS  SANTIAGO,  July  25,  1846. 

We  have  had  six  deaths  in  the  regiment  since  our  organization,  some 
of  whom  were  from  diseases  which  they  had  previous  to  their  having  vol 
unteered  and  some  from  measles,  which  continues  to  prevail  in  the  camp. 
One  of  Captain  Evans'  company  from  Fountain  died  this  morning.  *  *  * 
I  take  a  bath  in  the  surf  once  or  twice  every  day.  It  is  almost  the  only 
luxury  we  have  here.  Occasionally  there  is  a  few  melons  brought  here 
from  Georgia,  very  fine  indeed,  but  are  sold  at  enormous  prices,  say  50 
cents  for  a  small  one.  Everything  is  high.  Flour,  10  cents  a  pound ; 
bacon,  20  cents  a  pound. 

The  enclosed  leaves  are  taken  from  the  grave  of  Major  Ringgold,  who 
is  interred  at  Point  Isabel,  without  the  fortification.  His  grave  is  hand 
somely  enclosed  with  an  iron  railing  in  good  taste. 

We  used  to  have,  when  at  home,  a  prejudice  in  favor  of  shaving,  but 
it  is  discontinued  by  common  consent  here. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  August  22,  1846. 

MESSRS.  EDITORS  : — As  our  people  feel  interested  in  every  item  of  news 
from  the  army,  I  would  state  that  this  day,  August  18,  I  received  an 
election  return  from  the  Second  Regiment,  held  at  Brazos  Santiago,  Texas, 
on  the  31st  ultimo.  This  election  was  holden  to  fill  a  vacancy  occasioned 
by  the  promotion  of  Colonel  Joseph  Lane  to  the  command  of  the  Indiana 
Brigade.  Captain  William  A.  Bowles  of  the  Hoosier  Boys  was  ejected  to 
fill  said  vacancy  and  is  now  commandant  of  the  Second  Regiment,  Indiana 
Volunteers.  Our  young  friend  T.  B.  Kinder,  formerly  of  our  city,  was 
almost  unanimously  elected  captain  of  the  Hoosier  Boys.  Hurrah  for 
Truss!  W.  S.  Spicely.  formerly  second  lieutenant,  is  elected  first  lieuten 
ant;  John  Gullett,  former  additional  second  lieutenant,  is  now  second  lieu- 


tenant,  and  David  S.  Lewis  is  additional  second  lieutenant.  The  commis 
sions  were  procured  and  mailed  within  a  few  hours  from  the  receipt  of 
the  returns.  Not  a  word  was  said  about  the  condition  or  destination  of 
our  troops.  Our  brigade  is  now  fully  officered. 




Indiana  Sentinel,  August  22,  1846. 

BRAZOS  SANTIAGO.  July  30,  1840. 

DEAR  FATHER — In  accordance  with  my  promise  in  my  letter  from  New 
Orleans  I  write  to  let  you  know  my  whereabouts.  We  arrived  here  on  the 
20th  iust.  and  found  everything  quite  agreeable.  I  have  been  quite  well, 
except  four  days'  seasickness.  I  was  very  seasick.  Since  on  land  we  have 
already  commenced  picking  up  and  the  climate  agrees  with  us  all  very  well. 
There  is  no  epidemic  prevailing.  The  measles  are  in  camp  and  some  few 
deaths,  but  not  more,  according  to  the  number,  than  there  was  at  home. 
This  island  is  five  miles  from  Point  Isabel  and  is  a  beautiful  country.  We 
were  six  days  in  coming  from  New  Orleans  to  this  point.  We  shall  re 
main  here  ten  or  fifteen  days,  then  we  shall  move  up  to  Barita,  fifteen 
miles  from  here  and  ten  miles  from  Point  Isabel.  This  point  is  thirty 
miles  from  Matamoros. 

The  Indianapolis  boys  are  generally  well.  I  saw  John  Dunlap  and  one 
of  the  other  boys  today  and  they  were  fine  and  fat.  You  will  please  write. 
Direct  your  letter  to  me  at  Point  Isabel.  Texas,  Second  Regiment,  Indiana 
Volunteers,  and  I  shall  be  certain  to  get  it.  Recollect  me  to  my  friends 
and  inform  them  all  that  I  am  well  and  well  satisfied,  and  that  should 
there  be  a  fight,  Indiana  will  give  a  good  account  of  herself.  So  for  the 
present  goodbye.  I  remain, 

Yours  affectionately, 

T.  B.   KINDER. 


Indiana  Democrat,  August  28,  1846. 

We  learn  from  the  army  that  Captain  W.  A.  Bowles  has  been  elected 
colonel  of  the  Second  Regiment  to  fill  the  vacancy  occasioned  by  the  pro 
motion  of  Colonel  Joseph  Lane.  Lieutenant  T.  B.  Kinder  was  chosen  cap 
tain  in  the  room  of  Captain  Bowles. 


Indiana  Democrat,  August  28,  1846. 

I  should  have  written  you  before  this  as  I  promised,  but  I  have  been 
so  incessantly  engaged  with  the  duties  of  my  company  that  I  have  not 
had  a  moment  to  claim  for  myself.  I  only  find  time  now  from  being  too 


unwell  for  outdoor  duty.  We  arrived  here  a  week  since  and  all  the  Indi 
ana  regiments  are  encamped  here  except  the  Crawfordsville  and  Wabash 
Ikmgers,  who  were  wrecked  on  Tuesday  night  last.  They  are  encamped 
on  some  beach  twelve  or  fourteen  miles  below  this  and  will  be  up  the  last 
of  this  week.  General  Lane,  Colonel  Drake  and  Major  Lane  left  this 
morning  for  Matamoros  to  try  to  have  us  moved  from  this  place  at  the 
earliest  moment. 

The  diarrhoea  and  measles  are  ungearing  the  whole  of  us  from  mili 
tary  duty.  In  fact,  some  of  the  companies  of  Kentucky  troops  have  not 
well  men  enough  to  attend  to  the  sick.  This  is  all  attributable  to  the 
water,  which  is  slightly  impregnated  with  salt.  This  island,  otherwise, 
is  one  of  the  most  beautiful  spots  I  have  ever  visited.  There  is  constantly, 
night  and  day,  a  strong  sea  breeze  passing  over  us  and  we  have  felt  the 
heat  much  less  than  in  Indiana.  There  are  some  six  or  eight  regiments 
from  the  States  encamped  here.  One  regiment  usually  leaves  every  day 
for  Barita,  but  I  understand  there  is  some  dilticulty  in  the  way  of  getting 
supplies  of  provisions  there,  which  will  interrupt  this  arrangement  for  a 
few  days.  We  have  any  number  and  all  kinds  of  shops  and  hucksters  and 
gambling  houses.  It  would  amuse  you  to  see  the  prices  they  ask  here  for 
the  stores  and  liquors.  Ice  water,  12 %  cents  per  glass;  ice,  30  cents  per 
pound;  5  cents  per  sheet  for  foolscap  paper;  10  cents  per  pound  for  flour; 
tobacco,  $1.50  per  pound;  bacon.  20  cents  i>er  pound;  tin  cups,  25  cents; 
other  articles  in  proportion.  Our  company,  having  been  somewhat  strapped, 
have  not  suffered  from  them  as  they  would  have  done  were  they  in  a  more 
healthy  condition  in  their  finances. 

Those  troops  at  Barita  and  Matamoros  are  moving  up  to  Camargo. 
The  light  and  heavy  artillery  started  up  last  night.  Camargo  is  a  place  of 
rendezvous  on  the  Rio  Grande  from  where  the  army  will  move  to  Mata 
moros,  a  distance  of  180  miles  from  Camargo.  My  quarters  are  near  the 
burial  ground  and  the  dead  inarch  is  constantly  ringing  in  my  ears.  Seven 
deaths  yesterday,  the  same  number  today.  A  bearer  awaits  this.  With 
kind  regards  to  all. 


Indiana  Democrat,  Auyust  28,  18.^6. 

STEAMBOAT  MERCER,  MEXICO,  July  30,  184G. 

I  am  on  my  way  from  Matamoros  to  Brazos  Island,  where  I  left  the 
troops  on  the  day  before  yesterday.  I  am  in  the  company  of  General  Lane 
and  Major  Lane.  We  went  up  by  land.  I  drowned  the  horse  of  Dr. 
Walker  trying  to  swim  this  river.  WTe  expect  to  move  our  camp  ground 
in  a  few  days  near  to  Barita.  I  am  not  pleased  with  our  new  camp 
ground.  We  shall  be  about  a  mile  from  the  river,  which  is  our  only  chance 
for  water,  and  we  have  no  wood  except  chaparral,  which  consists  of  many 
thorny  bushes.  We  had  an  interview  with  General  Taylor  this  morning. 
He  refuses  to  let  us  move  higher  up  the  river  for  the  present.  I  expect 
we  shall  remain  here  until  September.  General  Taylor  says  he  will  leave 
one  of  the  Indiana  regiments  in  this  vicinity  to  protect  his  rear.  All  will 
dislike  to  be  left.  All  appear  to  desire  to  be  in  the  first  rank  and  in  the 


first  battle.  I  have  kept  ahead  up  to  this  time  and  I  would  dislike  to  be 
left.  I  hope  it  will  not  fall  to  niy  lot,  but  to  that  portion  of  the  troops  who 
may  have  the  first  and  hardest  fighting. 

The  troops  are  suffering  from  measles  and  diarrhoea.     We  have  had  no 
deaths  in  the  Marion  Volunteers,  though  many  have  the  measles. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  August  29,  1846. 

On  the  27th  of  July  a  great  number  of  the  Second  and  Third  Regi 
ments  of  the  Indiana  Volunteers'  succeeded  in  getting  off  the  ships  and 
landing  at  Brazos  Santiago.  It  was  with  pleasure  that  we  learned  that 
most  of  the  companies  had  good  luck  and  lost  only  a  few  in  crossing  the 
gulf,  but  it  was  with  pain  that  we  heard  that  four  of  the  Brown  County 
soldiers  died  with  measles.  They  were  strong,  robust  men.  men  whose 
bravery  could  not  be  Questioned. 

Robinson  C.  Jones  and  Abram  G.  Snyder  of  the  Fountain  Riflemen  got 
their  discharge  on  account  of  their  bad  health.  The  surgeon  certified  that 
they  were  unable  to  do  military  duty  in  this  campaign.  They  will  return 
home  in  a  few  days.  If  their  health  had  not  been  so  rapidly  declining 
they  would  have  delighted  to  stand  by  us  even  in  our  greatest  peril.  It  is 
hoped  that  the  ravages  of  disease  may  be  stayed  and  that  we  may  again 
have  the  pleasure  of  taking  our  two  friends  by  the  hand.  A  soldier  in  the 
Hendricks  County  Volunteers  was  buried  on  the  30th.  He  had  consumption 
before  he  left  home. 

On  the^d  of  August  we  left  the  mouth  of  the  Rio  'Grande,  marched 
up  the  river  and  encamped  nearly  opposite  Barita.  Our  encampment  is  in 
a  thicket  of  mesquite  bushes,  about  one  mile  from  the  river.  Regiments 
from  Ohio,  Mississippi,  Georgia  and  other  States  are  encamped  here,  and 
if  we  all  remain  here  long  wood  will  be  scarce.  We  carry  all  the  water 
we  use  from  the  river,  and  in  doing  this  have  to  pass  a  muddy  bottom  that 
overflows  part  of  the  year.  It  is  hard  work,  but  we  have  stout  hearts  and, 
like  true  philosophers,  thank  our  stars  that  it  is  not  worse.  We  are  not 
the  boys  to  complain  of  the  works  of  Nature. 


Brookville  American,  September  4,  1846. 

POIXT  ISABEL,  July  28,  184G. 
Mr.  Clarkson : 

DEAR  SIR —  *  *  *  xhe  health  of  our  regiment  has  been  tolerably 
good  and  the  health  of  our  company  has  been  quite  good.  We  have  lost 
but  nine  in  the  Third  Regiment  since  our  departure  from  Indiana.  One 
died  on  the  boat  on  the  river,  one  was  drowned  and  six  died  on  the  gulf. 
Those  who  died  on  the  gulf  were  Jesse  McMahan.  Lewis  Moore,  Shadrach 
Arnot.  all  of  whom  were  members  of  the  Shelby ville  company:  and  Reece 
Brurninot  from  Brown  County.  The  other  names  I  could  not  learn  or  I 


would  give  ihem.  Those  who  died  on  hoard  of  ship  were  sowed  up  in  their 
hlankets  and  cast  overhoard  as  a  prey  to  the  fish.  When  the  first  one  was 
thrown  into  the  deep  I  sat  on  the  side  of  the  ship  and  wondered  to  myself 
if  any  of  the  volunteers  from  Old  Franklin  would  find  a  resting  place  amid 
the  blue  waters  of  the  gulf,  but  I  am  happy  to  say  that  none  of  our  boys 
are  missing.  They  are  all  here,  and  most  of  them  sound  and  hearty.  An 
drew  Berry  and  John  B.  Gilmore  are  not  well,  but  are  not  dangerous. 
Robert  Harper,  Willis  Moore  and  several  others  were  quite  sick,  but  have 
recovered.  Those  who  are  still  here  from  Old  Franklin  are  William  M. 
McCarty,  J.  C.  Burton,  Robert  Harper,  Willis  Moore,  Thomas  V.  Kimball, 
Peter  Hedrick,  Andrew  Berry,  Orville  Dyer,  Henry  H.  Green,  R.  W.  Lane, 
T.  F.  Rariden,  William  Landfair,  J.  B.  Gilmore,  J.  C.  Wilkinson,  John 
Hudson,  Henry  Smith,  Alexander  Eads,  John  Miller,  J.  M.  Conrad,  Lewis 
Fetterman  and  John  M.  Myers,  who  all  send  their  compliments  to  your 
Honor  and  their  friends. 


Indiana  Democrat.  September  .'/,  18>/6. 

Almost  every  letter  from  the  volunteers  complains  of  the  unmerciful 
exactions  practiced  upon  them  by  the  sutlers.  It  is  shameful.  Many  arti 
cles  of  bulk  and  weight  will  unavoidably  be  high,  but  how  they  could  have 
the  face  to  charge  10  cents  per  sheet  for  letter  paper,  an  article  of  small 
weight  and  no  risk,  is  what  we  do  not  exactly  see  into.  A  ream  of  paper 
costs  $3  and  when  retailed  at  10  cents  per  sheet  brings  $48.  We  take  this 
as  a  single  instance.  Other  articles  are  sold  in  proportion.  The  Govern 
ment  has  the  credit  of  providing  for  the  wants  of  her  soldiers,  and  it 
ought  to  do  it,  and  not  allow  them  to  be  subject  to  such  outrageous  ex 


Brook  i'il  I  e  American,  September  .),  J<S.'/6'. 

We  find  the  following  letter  from  Major  Lane  in  the  Crawfordsville 
People's  Press: 

BRAZOS,  July  24th. 

At  length  I  am  in  Mexico,  six  miles  south  of  Point  Isabel.  On  the 
18th  inst.  I  left  Balize  in  command  of  Captain  Wilson's  and  Captain  Pow 
ers'  companies  on  board  the  barque  Kazam.  We  encountered  storms  and 
head  winds  for  three  days  and  nights  and  suffered  all  the  horrors  of  sea 
sickness.  On  the  morning  of  the  22d  inst.,  about  4  o'clock,  our  ship,  in 
the  midst  of  a  violent  storm,  ran  upon  a  bank  one  mile  from  shore. 

The  captain  declared  that  every  man  on  board  would  go  to  the  bot 
tom  in  five  minutes,  and  so  we  all  thought.  I  never  saw  more  firmness 
than  was  displayed  by  the  boys.  Their  conduct  was  above  all  praise.  But 
I  must  not  neglect  to  name,  as  an  act  of  justice  to  them.  Captain  Powers, 
Lieutenant  May.  Lieutenant  Wood.  Lieutenant  Hanks.  Harvey  and  Gauze. 
Their  conduct  was  noble  indeed;  but  perhaps  I  should  mention  none  where 


all  distinguished  themselves.  Although  a  violent  surf  was  running,  we 
safely  reached  the  shore  in  the  long  boat,  which  made  several  trips  for 
that  purpose. 

We  lost  some  of  our  provisions  and  camp  equipage.  Our  boys  are  all 
well,  although  the  measles  prevails  in  the  camp.  Tell  their  fathers,  moth 
ers,  brothers,  sisters  and  wives  so. 

Two  companies  are  yet  twelve  miles  from  this  place,  encamped  where 
they  were  wrecked.  They  will  come  down  to  this  place  in  a  few  days. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  September  9,  1846. 

On  Tuesday  morning  the  troops  enlisted  by  Lieutenant  Van  Buren  for 
the  mounted  rifle  service  in  the  United  States  Army  for  five  years  left  our 
city  for  Newport.  Kentucky,  thence  to  Jefferson  Barracks.  Missouri.  They 
numbered  about  sixty,  but  on  the  morning  of  departure  it  became  neces 
sary  for  the  Lieutenant,  owing  to  the  curious  decisions  of  some  and  annoy 
ance  of  others,  to  reject  five  of  as  likely  looking  men  as  the  army  could 
boast.  With  tears  in  their  eyes  they  took  leave  of  their  late  comrades  and 
one  even  begged  to  be  retained  in  the  Lieutenant's  service  personally,  and 
offered  to  pay  his  own  expenses  so  that  he  might  not  be  separated  from 
those  with  whom  he  supposed  he  had  cast  his  lot  for  years.  Their  re 
grets  at  not  being  able  to  leave  with  their  comrades  were  fully  appreciated 
by  the  vast  concourse  present  who  witnessed  their  departure. 

The  squad  was  formed  in  the  morning  and  was  addressed  by  Gov 
ernor  Whitcomb.  previous  to  taking  up  its  line  of  march,  in  a  very  im 
pressive  manner.  Many  of  the  brave  hearts,  who  an  hour  previous  were 
joyous  at  the  prospect  of  removal  from  their  confined  quarters  and  anxious 
to  be  on  regular  duty,  whether  to  fight  or  work,  were  so  affected  that  the 
manly  tear  unbiddingly  showed  itself  until  it  became  infectious,  and  when 
through  absolute  disability  the  Governor  closed,  no  chance  for  a  formal 
response  was  given,  but  up  went  an  instantaneous  cheer,  and  that  of  a 
kind  to  relieve  the  suppressed  feelings  of  all. 

The  soldiers  then  bade  each  adieu  to  their  friends  and  left.  We  have 
only  time  to  tender  them  all  our  best  wishes  for  their  prosperity  and 
safety.  Knowing  as  we  do  many  of  them  personally,  we  shall  keep  a 
watchful  eye  on  their  peculiar  service,  and  when  in  our  power  they  shall 
be  sure  to  hear  from  us.  God  be  with  them  all. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  September  9,  1846. 

Among  the  volunteers  from  this  neighborhood  of  whose  decease  we 
have  heard  are  the  following,  who  died  on  the  gulf:  Jesse  McMahan, 
Lewis  Moore.  Shadrach  Arnot,  members  of  the  Shelbyville  company,  and 
Reece  Brimimot  of  Brown  County. 


lirooJcriJJe  American,  September  11,  181$, 

CAMP  BELKNAP,  August  12,  1840. 

FRIEND  CLARKSON — Inasmuch  as  we  are  apparently  located  for  some 
time,  I  thought  I  might  as  well  drop  you  a  few  lines  to  let  you  know  what 
is  going  on,  hoping  you  will  return  the  favor. 

*  *  *  Our  labor  consists  of  the  morning  drill  for  officers  at  5 
o'clock,  including  sergeants  and  corporals.  At  7  o'clock  a  company  drill  of 
two  hours ;  at  5  o'clock  a  regimental  drill  of  two  hours ;  besides  which 
there,  is  water  to  be  carried,  ground  to  be  cleared  and  other  things  too 
tedious  to  mention.  This  the  men  are  bound  to  do,  and  if  there  be  but  few 
to  do  it  it  is  so  much  harder  for  those  who  have  it  to  do.  Some  companies 
have  a  large  number  of  sick,  while  others  have  but  few.  Our  company 
has  been  quite  fortunate  in  this  respect.  We  have  lost  but  one  man,  whose 
name  was  Thomas  Batty,  from  Bartholomew  County.  Our  sick  list  num 
bers  fifteen  or  eighteen,  and  I  think  nearly  all  will  soon  recover.  Some, 
however,  I  fear,  will  never  return.  For  my  own  part  I  have  had  my  health 
very  well  ever  since  my  departure  from  home  and  I  think  I  am  as  well 
satisfied  as  though  I  had  remained  there,  and  so  are  all  the  other  boys 
from  Franklin. 

Our  camp  lies  twenty-one  miles  below  the  city,  but  I  think  I  can  get 
to  go  there  in  a  few  days.  Lieutenant  Herrington  of  Columbus,  Indiana, 
and  myself  visited  Barita  on  yesterday,  and  I  was  astonished  when  I  en 
tered  the  place.  There  are  some  thirty  huts  in  it  and  but  few  occupied  by 
Mexicans.  They  have  left  for  more  comfortable  quarters.  The  houses  re 
semble  our  one-story  pig  pens  in  Indiana,  but  are  not  half  so  substantial. 
It  is  a  poor,  miserable,  little,  patched-up  place.  Our  orders  are  to  stay 
here  two  months  at  least,  so  rumor  says.  It  may  not  be  true.  I  hope  not, 
for  I  want  to  go  up  the  river  or  into  Mexico. 


Indiana  Democrat,  September  11,  ISJfG. 

CAMP  BARITA,  August  5,  1846. 

Our  regiment  has  been  in  a  state  of  turmoil  for  the  last  forty-eight 
hours.  We  arrived  at  this  encampment  on  Sunday,  the  2d  inst.,  as  did 
also  all  the  Indiana  volunteers,  expecting  to  remain  a  few  weeks  and  then 
receive  marching  orders  for  Camargo  and  Monterey.  Last  night  Colonel 
Kelknap,  Inspector-General,  called  at  my  quarters  and  informed  me  that 
General  Taylor  had  ordered  that  my  regiment  should  countermarch  to  the 
mouth  of  the  Rio  Grande  and  take  charge  of  that  post  as  a  protection  to 
his  rear  and  supplies.  This  order  appeared  to  disappoint  their  hopes  of 
being  in  the  first  engagement.  Many  of  the  officers  seemed  almost  re 
solved  to  resign  rather  than  be  kept  in  the  background,  although  Colonel 
Belknap  gave  me  positive  assurance  that  when  the  troops  were  called  into 
active  service  my  regiment  should  not  be  overlooked.  I  take  the  ground 


that  you  would  expect  of  me,  that  whatever  post  or  duty  may  be  assigned 
me  I  will  be  found  endeavoring  to  carry  out  the  orders  of  the  commander. 
*  *  *  The  command  of  the  post  is  assigned  to  me.  All  the  transports 
for  the  army  pass  that  point  (Point  Isabel)  and  are  reshipped  here.  The 
Indiana  volunteers  have  suffered  very  much  from  the  measles  and  diar 
rhoea.  The  former  disease  has  caused  most  of  the  deaths  that  have  oc 
curred  since  we  left  New  Albany.  None  of  the  Marion  Volunteers  have 
yet  died.  Three  of  them  are  so  much  indisiK>sed  that  they  will  be  dis 
charged  and  sent  home.  Captain  McDougal  and  Lieutenants  Campbell  and 
Howard  are  complaining,  but  are  not  dangerous.  Major  Lane  has  been 
quite  indisposed  for  several  days,  but  is  now  much  better. 

August  llth. 

This  will  be  handed  to  you  by  Lieutenant  N.  N.  Campbell,  who  will 
leave  here  in  the  morning  for  Indianapolis.  He  has  been  quite  sick  ever 
since  he  arrived  here  and  has  got  a  furlough  to  go  home  and  see  if  it  will 
not  restore  his  health. 

I  have  had  but  few  deaths  in  my  regiment  yet.  The  sick  list,  by  this 
morning's  report,  is  alarming,  amounting  to  over  one  hundred  men.  Most 
of  the  cases  are  diarrhoea  and  yield  to  medical  treatment. 

The  Inspector-General,  Colonel  Belkuap,  who  left  here  on  yesterday, 
says  that  the  Illinois,  Missouri  and  Indiana  troops  will  remain  here  until 
the  last  of  September.  That  the  Kentucky,  Georgia,  Alabama,  Tennessee 
and  Mississippi  will  remain  at  Camargo  during  that  period,  with  the  ex 
ception  of  one  regiment  at  Matamoros.  By  that  time  the  sickly  season 
will  have  gone  by,  and  the  troops  will  be  better  disciplined,  and  if  peace 
is  not  concluded  the  army  will  be  ready  for  invasion. 

J.  P.  DRAKE. 


Indiana  Democrat,  September  11,  1846. 

BANKS  OF  THE  Rio  GRANDE,  August  3,  1846. 

One  of  Captain  Wilson's  company  died  last  night  and  was  buried  this 
morning.  A  thousand  rumors  are  in  circulation  about  our  destination. 
Mnny  think  we  will  go  to  Mexico,  many  others  think  we  will  go  home,  but 
we  know  about  as  much  about  it  ourselves  as  the  man  in  the  moon.  The 
rainy  season  has  just  commenced  and  we  will  have  it  now  for  three  or 
four  months  hard  and  fast.  The  volunteers  are  encamped  along  the  banks 
for  ten  miles.  Our  town  boys,  Anderson,  Reck,  Dunlap,  Young  and  T.  M. 
Smith.  Jr.,  are  all  well. 

Tuesday  Evening,  August  4th. 

We  have  just  received  orders  and  the  First  Regiment  is  to  go  back 
to  the  mouth  of  the  Rio  Grande  and  stay  there  and  guard  prisoners,  which 
is  very  mortifying  to  us  all  and  must  be  particularly  so  to  our  gallant 
Colonel,  as  he  is  anxious  to  see  service,  if  there  is  any  such  thing  on  the 


Editor's  Comment. 

Since  the  above  was  received  we  learn  that  Charles  C.  Smith,  Esq., 
of  this  place,  has  been  elected  first  lieutenant  in  place  of  X.  X.  Campbell, 
who  resigned  on  account  of  ill  health. 

Indiana  Democrat,  September  11, 

Lieutenalit  Van  Buren  marched  fifty-seven  recruits  from  this  station 
on  Tuesday  morning  last.  Their  present  destination  is  Newport,  Kentucky, 
thence  to  Jefferson  Barracks,  to  be  drilled  preparatory  to  the  contemplated 
California  expedition. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  September  12, 

The  subject  of  how  will  volunteers  who  own  property  pay  their  taxes 
has  presented  itself  to  our  mind  and  we  have  concluded  to  demand  of  the 
Legislature  of  this  State  and  as  many  of  our  brethren  of  the  press  as  will 
join  us  a  relief  law  in  behalf  of  our  patriotic  citizens  who  are  in  the  serv 
ice  of  our  country. 

We  are  well  apprised  of  the  fact  that  there  are  some  six  or  eight  fam 
ilies  in  this  neighborhood  whose  heads  are  in  the  army,  who  will  be  con 
siderably  bothered  (if  they  are  able  to  do  so  at  all)  to  raise  their  taxes, 
although  it  may  be  a  small  sum,  and,  too,  there  are  a  number  of  young 
men  in  their  country's  service  who  have  taxes  to  pay  that  ought  to  be  re 
mitted  during  their  absence  as  volunteers  in  the  army.  All.  or  nearly  all, 
have  assessed  against  them  a  poll  tax,  which,  we  think,  above  all  things. 
should  be  remitted.  Would  it  not  be  ridiculous  to  return  such  men  as  de 
linquent  as  are  willing  to  pour  out  their  heart's  blood,  which  is  certain  to 
be  done  if  some  such  measure  as  we  have  spoken  of  is  not  passed.  The 
present  revenue  law  imposes  heavy  interest  or  penalty  on  such  as  fail  to 
discharge  their  taxes  by  a  fixed  time.  Is  it  right  that  the  class  for  which 
we  demand  relief  should  pay  an  indemnity  for  being  absent  on  such  busi 
ness  as  they  are?  It  is  certain  that  they  will  not  return  to  Indiana  until 
some  time  in  the  spring,  and  they  will  not  be  here  to  pay  their  taxes  until 
damages  are  assessed.  Again,  we  know  of  some  who  own  real  estate  and 
failed  to  pay  taxes  on  it  last  year;  it  is  advertised  as  delinquent  and  will 
be  sold  in  January,  1847,  for  taxes.  Does  it  not,  we  ask,  look  like  it  would 
be  right  to  extend  the  time  for  the  payment  of  such  taxes  until  January, 
1848?  We  think  it  does,  and  have  good  reason  to  believe  we  are  not  alone. 
—  Indiana  Globe. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  September  12,  1M/6. 

The  First  Regiment  is  still  at  Camp  Barita,  on  the  north  side  of  the 
Rio  Grande.  The  sick  are  gaining  strength  and  most  of  them  are  likely 
to  recover.  One  of  the  Wabash  Rangers  was  buried  on  the  3d  of  August. 
On  the  4th  a  man  was  seen  dead  floating  down  the  Rio  Grande.  He  was 
brought  to  shore  and  a  thimble  was  found  in  his  pocket,  but  no  papers  or 
anything  by  which  a  clew  could  be  got  to  his  name.  *  *  *  One  of  the 

Putnarn  Blues  died  on  the  9th  of  August.  Mr.  John  Garhart,  of  the  Wa- 
bash  Inviucibles,  died  on  the  12th.  He  was  a  brave  young  man  and  an 
ardent  friend  of  the  institutions  of  his  country.  He  had  a  father  and 
brother  belonging  to  the  same  company.  His  father  was-  'one  of  the  first 
settlers  in  Richardville  County.  To  belong  to  as  gallant  a  company  as  the 
Wabash  Invincibles.  to  be  commanded  by  an  officer  as  worthy  as  Captain 
Milroy,  would  be  an  honor  that  any  lover  of  his  country  would  be  proud 
of,  but  to  have  this  honor  and  belong  to  a  family  that  was  willing  to  turn 
out  en  masse  and  fight  the  enemy  when  the  rights  of  the  nation  were  at 
stake,  would  be  an  honor  worthy  the  heroes  of  the  revolution.  So  long  as 
I  hear  the  name  of  Rio  Grande  echo  upon  my  ear,  so  long  as  I  am  re 
minded  of  the  scenery  now  before  me,  so  long  as  I  think  of  our  country, 
its  stars  and  stripes,  just  so  long  will  I  cherish  in  my  mind  the  memory 
of  the  young  man  who  was  this  day  interred. 

I  have  just  ascertained  the  number  of  deaths  in  our  regiment  (the 
First)  since  its  organization,  as  follows:  Fountain  Riflemen,  two;  Wa 
bash  Rangers,  two;  Marion  Volunteers,  none;  Montgomery  Volunteers, 
one;  Mad  Anthony  Guards,  none;  Hendricks  Volunteers,  four;  Wayne 
Guards,  two ;  Case  Volunteers,  none ;  Putnam  Blues,  one ;  Wabash  In- 
vincibles,  one;  total,  thirteen.  It  seems  to  me  that  this  is  a  small  num 
ber  in  comparison  with  the  number  in  the  regiment,  when  we  take  into 
consideration  the  change  of  climate,  diet,  etc.  It  is  very  frequently  the 
case  that  there  are  more  deaths  out  of  the  same  number  of  people  when 
they  are  at  home  enjoying  the  comforts  of  life.  It  may  be  proper  to  re 
mark  that  about  half  of  the  deaths  were  owing  to  the  measles.  Those  who 
have  recovered  from  the  measles  are  very  weak  and  do  not  regain  their 
strength  as  fast  as  they  would  at  home.  There  is  one  man  in  the  Foun 
tain  Riflemen  who  cannot  be  praised  too  highly.  I  mean  Joseph  Longniire. 
He  has  paid  great  attention  to  the  sick,  not  only  in  his  own  company,  but 
in  other  companies.  He  has  lost  many  hours  of  sleep  to  relieve  the  dis 
tress  and  is  justly  entitled  to  the  gratitude  of  the  whole  company.  If  he 
is  not  rewarded  in  this  world  I  hope  he  will  be  in  the  next.  Lieutenant 
McManomy  of  the  same  company  has  also  been  very  attentive  to  the  sick. 
Here  is  the  place  for  a  close  observer  to  see  who  obeys  the  scriptural  in 
junction,  "Thou  shalt  love  they  neighbor  as  thyself." 


Madison  Courier,  September  12,  1846. 

ENCAMPED  OPPOSITE  BARRISTA,  August  11,  1846. 

Our  health  keeps  tolerably  fair;  there  is  on  an  average  about  one 
death  per  day  in  our  brigade.  As  yet  we  have  lost  but  one  of  our  com 
pany,  a  young  man  of  the  name  of  Samuel  Brown,  from  the  country.  Sev 
eral  of  our  company  are  about  to  get  an  honorable  discharge  on  account 
of  their  health,  but  I  think  they  are  more  homesick  than  anything  else.  I 
keep  pretty  well  except  now  and  then  a  slight  affection  of  the  bowels. 
Major  Gorman  has  just  come  into  our  tent  and  tells  us  that  he  has  hired 
carts  to  haul  our  water.  This  is  good  news,  for  we  would  rather  work. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  September  12,  1846. 

The  Cincinnati  Commercial  states  that  Captain  John  Patterson  of  Bel- 
inont  Comity,  Ohio,  got  sick  and  had  to  remain  at  New  Orleans  and  let  the 
Ohio  Volunteers  go  on.  When  he  got  able  to  travel  he  took  passage  with 
some  Indiana  troops  in  a  small  vessel.  The  craft  was  cast  ashore  on  Padre 
Island.  All  expected  to  be  lost,  as  they  had  nothing  but  a  small  boat  to  go 
on  shore  with.  The  boat  was  lowered,  but  they  could  take  but  a  few  in, 
and  even  they  were  in  a  dangerous  situation.  Patterson  was  getting  into 
the  boat  when  one  of  the  captains  of  the  Indiana  companies  addressed  him 
thus :  "Captain,  if  yon  get  on  shore  safe  will  you  inform  my  family  of  my 
death  and  how  it  came  about?"  Patterson  immediately  asked  him  if  he 
had  a  family  and  he  replied  he  had.  Patterson  told  him  he  was  a  single 
man  and  immediately  got  out  of  the  boat  and  made  the  Indiana  captain 
take  his  place,  remarking  that  he  would  stay  and  sink  with  the  vessel,  as 
he  had  no  wife  and  children  to  mourn  his  loss.  Fortunately,  however,  the 
storm  abated ;  they  raised  a  tlag  of  distress ;  a  revenue  cutter  went  to 
their  aid  and  all  were  saved.  It  was  an  act  on  the  part  of  the  Ohioan 
that  should  be  remembered,  for  few,  very  few,  would  do  as  the  gallant 
captain  did. 


We  this  week,  for  the  first  time,  have  to  announce  the  melancholy 
news  of  the  death  of  one  of  the  Marion  County  Volunteers.  The  following 
extract  from  a  letter  of  Lieutenant  C.  C.  Smith  gives  the  particulars : 

Rio  GRANDE,  August  18,  1840. 

I  have  news,  very  bad  news,  for  some  of  my  friends.  Some  eight  or 
ten  of  our  boys  went  over  to  the  river  for  the  purpose  of  hunting,  fishing, 
etc.  About  dinner  time  two  or  three  of  them  came  on  the  opposite  bank 
with  a  very  large  jack  they  had  caught,  and  sent  word  across  for  help  to 
bring  him  over.  William  Colescott  and  Luther  M.  Reck  started  to  swim 
across.  The  river,  as  I  have  told  you  before,  is  very  rapid,  much  more  so 
than  the  Mississippi.  When  about  midway  of  the  stream  Reck  called  out 
for  help.  The  boys  on  the  opposite  side  did  not  hear  for  some  time,  and 
on  this  side  we  had  no  boat,  but  as  soon  as  the  boys  understood  what  was 
the  matter  they  jumped  into  the  boat  and  put  out  after  him.  He  swam 
finely,  but  every  once  in  a  while  looking  back  to  see  if  the  boat  was  com 
ing.  The  boat  is  a  common  flat  bottom,  without  oars,  and  in  so  swift  a 
stream  almost  unmanageable.  Before  it  could  get  within  a  hundred  yards 
of  him  he  was  drowned.  Colescott  succeeded  in  landing  about  half  a  mile 
below.  This  is  the  first  man  we  have  lost  and  he  was  one  universally  be 
loved,  both  by  the  officers  and  men,  and  the  downcast  appearance  of  the 
men  gives  evidence  of  their  heartfelt  sorrow,  and  we  all  mourn  his  un 
timely  fate.  Every  exertion  in  our  power  was  made  to  save  him,  but  in 


Indiana  Sentinel,  September  23,  1846. 

A  very  high  compliment  was  paid  by  the  commanding-  major  at  New 
port  to  our  fellow  citizens  enlisted  by  Lieutenant  Van  Buren,  for  they  were 
said  to  be  the  best  looking  and  best  behaved  of  any  which  had  arrived,  and 
so  well  pleased  was  the  Lieutenant  with  this  specimen  of  Hoosierdom  that 
the  Lieutenant  was  immediately  ordered  to  return  and  enlist  a  few  more 
of  the  same  sort.  Lieutenant  Van  Buren  will  open  his  rendezvous  at  La 
fayette,  where,  no  doubt,  he  will  soon  fill  another  company  for  the  same 
delightful  service. 


Indiana  Democrat,  September  25,  1846. 

MOUTH  OF  THE  Rio  GRANDE,  September  6,  1846. 

The  war  is  now  considered  at  an  end,  but  we  shall  have  to  remain  here 
until  the  treaty  of  peace  is  ratified  by  the  Mexican  Congress.  If  every 
thing  goes  on  with  any  degree  of  promptitude,  we  will  be  able  to  leave  here 
by  the  1st  of  May  next.  We  are  pleasantly  situated  and  in  a  few  days, 
when  our  sutler  goods  arrive,  will  have  everything  in  the  way  of  delicacies 
for  convalescents.  All  oificers,  both  of  the  regular  and  volunteer  corps,  say 
that  our  situation  is  the  most  healthy  and  pleasant  of  any  in  the  service. 
We  have  a  steamboat  running  daily  between  the  mouth  and  Brazos  Santi 
ago.  Captain  Lewis  of  Fort  Wayne  and  myself  have  employed  a  very  good 
physician  to  attend  to  our  companies.  We  have  still  a  good  many  sick. 
Two  or  three  of  them  who  are  in  the  hospital  at  Point  Isabel,  the  sur 
geon  says,  cannot  live  more  than  a  day  or  two.  Leonard  WTood,  who  is 
there,  is  quite  sick,  and  the  doctor  is  undetermined  as  to  the  result  of  his 
case.  Those  whom  the  doctor  thinks  cannot  live  are  John  Johnson,  Jerome 
Lutz  and  probably  Wood.  I  have  some  nine  lying  there  and  five  at  Mata- 

Mr.  Morrison  is  at  Matarnoros.  We  expect  him  down  today.  Colonel 
Drake  and  all  the  officers  are  in  good  health.  Major  Comstock  of  Madison 
is  keeping  store  in  Matamoros. 

There  was  quite  a  fight  at  the  camp  below  Barita  a  few  days  since 
between  two  companies  of  Georgia  volunteers.  Colonel  Baker  of  one  of 
the  Illinois  regiments  went  to  the  boat  where  the  fight  was  to  quell  them. 
He  had  one  of  his  companies  with  him  and  in  the  engagement  was  shot 
through  the  neck,  the  ball  coming  out  of  his  mouth.  There  were  some  four 
or  five  left  dead  on  the  spot  and  a  great  many  bayoneted  and  run  in  the 
river.  The  killed  are  supposed  to  be  from  fifteen  to  thirty  and  those 
wounded  by  bayonets  and  swords  much  larger  in  number.  The  Georgians 
were  all  chained  and  taken  to  Matamoros  to  await  their  trial. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  September  30,  1846. 

We  are  informed  that  our  old  friend,  Captain  Simonson,  has  now  en 
listed  seventy  recruits,  sixty-six  of  whom  are  now  at  Jefferson  Barracks. 
He  is  still  recruiting  for  the  regiment,  his  own  company  being  full  and 
twenty-four  over,  including  thirty  enlisted  by  Lieutenant  Taylor.  Indiana 
will  be  well  and  ably  represented  in  this  new  regiment  in  officers  and  men 
also.  Success  to  them,  say  we. 


I  inliiiiia  Sentinel,  September  30.  1846. 

CAMP  BELKNAP,  NEAR  BABITA,   MEXICO,  August  19,   1840. 

EDITOR  PAOLI  PATBIOT — We  were  no  sooner  in  camp  and  finally  settled, 
than  I  was  served  with  a  notice  that  I  was  appointed  Regimental  Judge 
Advocate  for  our  regiment.  Today  the  brigade's  court-martial  was  organ 
ized  and  I  am  a  member.  We  are  now  trying  five  persons  of  Company  K, 
Captain  Walker's,  on  the  charge  of  attempting  to  effect  a  mutiny  in  the 
camp.  Their  cases  are  not  yet  determined  and  may  not  be  for  some  days. 
Frequent  instances  have  lately  arisen  calling  for  severe  punishment.  A  sol 
dier  in  Company  C  (Captain  Ford's)  was  treated  to  a  ride  on  a  rail  before 
the  Indiana  Brigade  for  cursing  his  captain  and  refusing  to  obey  his  orders. 
Some  severe  examples  will  have  to  be  made  before  this  principle  of  in 
subordination  is  quelled. 


\<AV  Orleans  Delta,  XeptCHiber  30,  1846. 

The  schooner  Edward  Tillett,  says  the  Galveston  News  of  the  19th, 
which  left  Point  Isabel  three  weeks  since  for  New  Orleans  with  about  fifty 
volunteers  on  the  sick  list  from  Indiana,  Mississippi  and  Alabama,  had 
got  within  about  fifty  miles  of  the  Balize  at  the  commencement  of  the  late 
storm,  which  struck  her  with  so  much  violence  that  she  was  compelled  to 
run  before  it  under  bare  poles,  and  was  driven  two  miles  this  side  of  the 
Sabine  Pass  on  Sunday  night,  the  7th  hist.,  where  she  remains  high  and 
dry.  No  lives  were  lost  from  the  storm,  though  six  of  the  volunteers  died 
after  leaving  Point  Isabel,  four  at  sea  and  two  after  the  vessel  went  ashore. 
We  have  been  unable  to  obtain  all  their  names.  Among  them  was  a  Mr. 
Hughes  and  Mr.  Chase,  from  ifidiana,  and  Messrs.  Davis  and  Abstauc, 
from  Mississippi.  Captain  Payne,  U.  S.  ordnance  officer  at  this  post,  has 
repaired  to  Sabine  Pass  with  provisions,  etc.,  to  relieve  them. 


Campaign  in  Mexico,  Isaac  Reed,  First  Indiana,  September,  1846. 

There  was  considerable  sickness  among  the  volunteers  in  the  latter 
part  of  September  and  in  October,  no  doubt  resulting  in  'a  measure  from 
the  troops  having  been  stationed  at  Camp  Belkuap.  when  it  was  necessary 
to  cross  a  pond  to  obtain  fresh  water.  All  the  lagoons  near  the  month  of 
the  Rio  Grande  and  Camp  Belkuap  contained  salt  water,  and  the  only 
water  fit  for  use  was  obtained  from  the  Rio  Grande.  It  is  proper,  how 
ever,  to  remark  that  there  are  some  fresh  water  lakes  near  Matamoros.  A 
great  number  of  the  volunteers  that  remained  on  the  Rio  Grande  died,  and 
many  more  were  discharged  in  consequence  of  being  sick  and  unfit  for 
duty,  the  First  Indiana  Regiment  at  the  Mouth  suffering  more  severely 
than  any  other.  Among  the  number  that  died  was  Lieutenant  G.  F.  Goss, 
First  Regiment,  formerly  the  accomplished  teacher  of  the  Female  Seminary 
at  Crawfordsville ;  Captain  Robert  Mitchell,  assistant  quartermaster,  Sec 
ond  Regiment,  and  many  other  men  of  great  moral  worth. 

Time  dragged  along  slowly,  and  everything  to  sadden  and  nothing  to 
cheer.  Grim-visaged  countenances  reminded  us  of  the  decay  of  nature  and 
the  sudden  transition  from  health  and  vigor  to  wrecked  humanity — the 
parching  fever  and  feeble  step  too  plainly  admonished  us  that  many  graves 
were  yawning  beneath — as  the  dead  march  cast  a  constant  gloom  upon  our 

In  the  early  part  of  October,  the  Third  Indiana  Regiment  was  ordered 
to  Matamoros,  two  companies  of  which  were  afterwards  stationed  at 


Indiana  Sentinel,  October  10,  18^6. 

On  the  13th  of  August  we  were  compelled  to  part  with  Lieutenant 
Campbell  of  the  Marion  Volunteers.  He  was  esteemed  by  all  who  knew 
him  and  we  regret  that  his  health  was  impaired  and  his  system  so  much 
reduced  that  he  found  it  necessary  to  apply  for  a  discharge,  which  was 
promptly  given.  *  *  *  James  Lucky  of  the  Mad  Anthony  Guards  died 
on  the  10th.  Isaac  Harbert  of  the  Fountain  Riflemen  died  on  the  18th. 
Luther  Reck  of  the  Marion  Volunteers  was  drowned  on  the  same  day  in 
attempting  to  swim  the  Rio  Grande.  Daniel  Iseley  of  the  Wabash  In- 
viucibles  died  on  the  21st.  *  *  * 

On  the  22d  I  took  my  gun  and  started  for  the  north,  to  see  what 
chance  for  game  there  was  in  Texas.  *  *  *  After  having  a  long  shot 
with  the  Tennesseeaus,  I  hastened  back  to  our  camp  and  regretted  to  learn 
that  Henry  Cartright  of  the  Marion  Volunteers  had  breathed  his  last.  On 
the  23d  a  rencontre  took  place  between  Buck  McKinuey  of  the  Bartholo 
mew  County  Company  and  an  Alabamian,  in  which  the  latter  was  badly 
cut.  Both  of  them  are  said  to  be  fighting  characters,  but  I  never  took  the 
trouble  to  inquire  which  was  the  most  to  blame.  *  *  *  Mr.  Poff  of 
the  Wabash  Invincibles  and  Oliver  Browning  of  the  Mad  Anthony  Guards, 
died  on  the  25th.  On  the  29th  we  had  a  very  heavy  rain  at  night.  The 
water  ran  under  some  tents  and  wet  all  the  blankets.  The  next  morning 



I  went  to  the  hospital  and  beheld  a  gloomy  spectacle.  There  were  sick 
persons  lying  about  with  mud  all  around  thorn  and  the  ground  on  which 
they  lay  very  damp,  but  fortunately  the  sun  shone  out  very  brightly  and 
soon  dried  up  the  mud  and  the  sick  did  not  appear  to  suffer 'or  take  cold 
from  the  rain.  There  is  now  only  six  regiments  in  this  camp,  three  from 
Indiana,  two  from  Illinois  and  one  from  Tennessee.  The  other  regiments 
that  were  encamped  here  have  moved  up  the  Rio  Grande. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  October  JO,  18't6. 

It  is  reported  that  the  general  government  contemplates  calling  into 
immediate  action  that  part  of  the  50,000  volunteers  from  the  northern 
states  enrolled  during  the  summer  and  not  yet  mustered  into  service.  They 
will  be  despatched  to  Tampico  as  soon  as  the  cold  season  sets  in,  about  the 
end  of  the  present  month. 


Indiana  Democrat,  Octoler  16,  1846. 

BRAZOS  SANTIAGO,  September  10,  1,846. 

Being  on  business  at  this  point,  and  finding  the  government  steamer 
Telegraph  about  to  leave  for  New  Orleans,  I  avail  myself  of  the  oppor 
tunity  of  dropping  you  a  line.  The  First  Indiana  Regiment,  under  Colonel 
Drake,  are  in  command  at  the  mouth  of  the  Rio  Grande,  which  is  consid 
ered  one  of  the  most  pleasant  posts  on  the  river.  The  Second  and  Third 
Regiments,  under  Colonels  J.  H.  Lane  and  Wm.  A.  Bowles,  are  encamped 
at  Camp  Belknap,  about  nine  miles  by  land  and  sixteen  by  water  above  the 
mouth  of  the  Rio  Grande,  near  Barita,  at  which  place  General  Lane  has 
his  headquarters. 

Many  of  the  sick  are  being  discharged  and  sent  home.  In  fact,  all  are 
discharged  whom  the  surgeon  shall  advise  to  be  discharged,  and  I  think 
quite  a  number  will  appeal  to  the  surgeon  as  the  most  easy  way  to  accom 
plish  their  desire  to  return  home.  I  have  examined  the  returns  of  the 
surgeons  and  think  the  sickness  is  abating  considerably.  A  few  weeks  will, 
by  the  effect  of  the  autumnal  weather,  do  much  to  improve  the  health  of 
the  camp. 

I  believe  I  forgot  to  mention  that  C.  C.  Smith  has  been  elected  First 
Lieutenant  in  Captain  McDougal's  company,  in  place  of  Lieutenant  Camp 
bell,  who  returned  home  on  account  of  sickness.  Lieutenant  Smith  is  in 
fin.?  health  and  is  in  good  standing  with  the  regiment  and  his  company. 

September  30,  3  o'clock  p.  m. 

The  mail,  since  I  wrote  the  foregoing,  has  just  been  forwarded  by  ex 
press  from  Cainargo  by  the  way  of  Matamoros  to  Point  Isabel,  thence 
here.  I  have  just  seen  a  letter  from  Captain  Hardee,  dated  at  Matamoros 
last  night,  which  says  that  the  spies  of  General  Taylor  have  just -met  him 


and  reported  that  a  large  Mexican  force,  amounting  at  present  to  at  least 
(1,000,  is  embodying  at  Monterey,  determined  to  give  him  battle  if  General 
Taylor  advances  towards  or  to  the  city  of  Monterey.  The  letter  of  Captain 
Hnrdee  is  authentic.  The  news  is  received  here  as  true.  • 


Indiana  Democrat,  October  16,  1846. 

Many  of  the  papers  of  this  state  have  published  a  statement  that  the 
mnn  who  stabbed  Lieutenant  Parcel  at  Camp  Whitcomb  had  been  sentenced 
and  shot.  This  is  a  mistake.  We  have  it  from  a  reliable  source  that  he 
was  sentenced  to  carry  water  for  the  use  of  the  volunteers  for  one  year,  to 
roi-eivo  no  pay.  and  then  to  be  drummed  out  of  camp. 

Indiana  Democrat,  October  16,  1846. 

We  learn  from  the  Shelbyville  Reporter  that  Lieutenant  W.  W.  All- 
dridge  of  Captain  Conover's  company,  died  at  the  encampment  of  the  First 
Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers  on  the  ninth  of  September.  lie  was  highly 
respected  in  his  county  and  deservedly  popular  with  his  company.  We 
were  slightly  acquainted  with  the  deceased  and  sincerely  regret  his  early 


Holding  Green  Globe,  October  17,  1846 

We  have,  through  the  kindness  of  a  friend,  been  permitted  to  publish 
the  following  letter  from  Captain  John  Osborn,  under  date  of  Matainoros, 
September  12,  1846. 

Lncle  Oliver, 

DEAR  SIR — I  am  here  on  business  and  have  just  learned  that  General 
Taylor  has  met  with  resistance  at  Saltillo,  and  although  we  had  anticipated 
no  fight,  the  probability  is  that  we  will  have  a  sight  at  it.  We  are  sta 
tioned  twenty-five  miles  below  here  in  Texas.  I  am  very  anxious  to  have  a 
chance  to  try  my.  spunk.  I  think  I  have  the  grit  of  '76.  You  will  see 
shortly  from  the  pen  of  D.  R.  Eckles  some  of  our  bravery  from  Old  Clay. 
Fourteen  men  and  myself  traveled  on  foot  over  the  state  of  Tamalipis, 
meeting  with  hundreds  of  Mexicans.  We  fired  at  some  and  they  flew  from 
before  us.  We  are  the  only  choir  of  Indiana  troops  that  have  yet  distin 
guished  themselves  in  any  scout. 

I  am  here  as  a  part  of  my  business,  to  get  pay  for  some  of  the  boys 
that  have  got  discharged,  to  wit :  John  Dalgarn,  John  Gillespie,  Richard 
Walker.  Jesse  Walker.  William  J.  Patton  and  William  L.  Thomas,  who  will 
reach  you  shortly  after  this  letter  and  will  carry  the  news  of  the  meeting 
of  the  two  armies.  General  Santa  Anna  is  at  the  head  of  a  large  army. 
Much  excitement  in  this  city  for  fear  of  an  attack  tonight.  I  have  no 
fears  myself.  Our  boys,  several  are  sick,  though  not  dangerous. 

Yours,  JOHN   OSBORX. 


Indiana  Mciiiincl,  October  2.'i,  liV/a. 

We  left  our  camp  opposite  P.arita  on  the  .'list  of  August  for  the  month 
of  the  Rio  Grande  and  arrived  at  our  place  of  destination  in  a  few  hours. 
As  the  boats  landed  and  we  got  upon  shore,  we  gazed  upon  our  old  camp 
ground  and  observed  that  it  was  partly  under  water.  This  rendered  it 
evident  that  we  had  to  go  to  the  sand  hill  and  pitch  our  tents.  We  were 
soon  on  the  desert  spot  and  put  up  our  tents  in  a  hurry.  It  was  about  as 
rough  as  any  spot  you  ever  saw.  Mr.  Reynolds  of  the  Mad  Anthony 
Guards  died  on  the  first  of  September.  He  was  wealthy  and  offered  to 
pay  almost  any  amount  of  money  if  he  could  be  cured.  Richard  Bell  of 
the  Wabash  Invincibles  died  on  the  5th.  On  the  Oth  we  heard  of  the 
death  of  Ray  of  the  Montgomery  Volunteers,  and  Johnson  and  Lutes  of 
the  Marion  Volunteers.  They  died  in  the  hospital  at  Point  Isabel. 

On  the  llth f Colonel  Drake  gave  orders  that  the  captain  should  give 
each  man  several  rounds  of  cartridges,  so  that  we  could  be  ready  for  a 
fight  at  any  time.  On  the  12th.  just  before  tattoo  at  night,  a  very  athletic 
looking  man  rode  through  our  camp  and  halted  near  the  northeast  corner. 
A  squad  was  raised  and  he  was  taken  prisoner  and  kept  till  morning,  when 
it  was  found  that  he  was  only  one  of  Uncle  Sam's  men  after  all.  The 
Second  and  Third  Regiments  from  Indiana  are  still  stationed  at  camp  near 
Barita.  but  I  suppose  the  First  Regiment  will  remain  here  at  the  mouth 
until  the  volunteers  are  discharged.  In  a  former  sketch  I  spoke  about  the 
rain  and  the  mud  and  water  about  the  hospital.  Lest  there  should  be  cen 
sure  cast  upon  some  unjustly  I  would  state  that  our  station  at  that  place 
was  but  temporary,  and  at  this  post,  where  our  station  is  more  permanent, 
bunks  are  made  for  the  sick  and  additional  means  of  comfort  provided. 
The  following  persons  have  died  in  the  First  Regiment :  William  Cran- 
inore,  James  Cox.  Jackson  Lyon  of  the  Fountain  Riflemen;  Lieutenants 
(Joss.  Hopper  and  Bratton,  of  the  Montgomery  Volunteers;  John  Shelly, 
of  the  Hendricks  Volunteers:  West  and  McCall,  of  the  Putnam  Blues; 
Buchanan  of  the  Cass  County  Volunteers,  and  Josephus  II?uma  of  the 
Marion  Volunteers. 


Indiana  Democrat,  October  30,  18.>iG. 

MOUTH  OF  THE  Rio  GRANDE,  Sept.  18,  1846. 

The  health  of  the  Indiana  troops  is  certainly  improving  very  visibly. 
In  Colonel  Drake's  regiment  no  new  cases  have  been  reported  for  several 
days,  although  since  I  wrote  you  last  there  have  been  several  deaths. 
Among  the  number  is  Lieutenant  (Joss  of  the  Montgomery  Volunteers,  a 
very  respectable,  well-informed  and  meritorious  young  man.  Also  James 
Ray,  John  Bra  ton  and  William  V.  Hopper,  of  the  same  company.  In  Cap 
tain  McDougaVs  company.  John  Johnson  and  Jerome  Lutz.  John  Van 
Vlaricum  and  Josephus  Hana  are  quite  sick,  and  Van  Vlaricum  is  consid 
erably  better.  I  have  succeeded  in  procuring  for  our  brigade  plenty  of 
good  rations,  and  some  extra  rations,  with  which  they  are  well  supplied. 
They  seem  to  rejoice  much  at  my  arrival,  as  they  had  not  been  well  pro- 


vided  for  before  I  reached  them.  1  shall  not  neglect  them  so  long  as  the 
government  store-houses  contain  supplies,  and  not  even  then  if  other  mar 
kets  can  furnish  supplies. 

Within  the  last  week  the  heat  has  been  very  intense,  and  were  it  not 
for  the  sea  breeze  it  would  be  absolutely  past  endurance.  You  can  imagine 
how  hot  it  may  be  without  any  shade,  not  even  a  bush  as  high  as  your 
knee,  on  a  sand  beach  or  knoll,  in  a  latitude  of  20  degrees  and  0  minutes, 
being  the  very  extreme  southern  point  of  the  United  States.  We  exj>ect 
cooler  weather  by  the  first  of  October  and  live  in  hopes  of  better  times. 
No  payment  has  yet  been  made  since  the  troops  left  New  Albany,  but  they 
have  been  mustered  for  payment  and  will  be  paid  shortly. 


Madison  Banner,  November  4,  1846. 

Within  the  last  two  weeks  our  regiment  was  removed  from  Burita  up 
to  Palo  Alto  (a  small  stream  that  empties  into  the  Bravo)  about  nine  miles 
below  this  city.  The  location  was  a  most  beautiful  one  and  if  we  had  en- 
cami>ed  there  during  our  whole  stay  in  Texas  the  lives  of  many  valuable 
men  would  have  been  saved.  The  ground  was  perfectly  dry  and  during  our 
stay  there  the  number  of  men  in  the  hospital  was  reduced  from  100  to  33. 
The  hospital  is.  at  present,  under  the  charge  of  D.  K.  Davidson.  M.  D.,  of 
your  city,  and  a  member  of  Captain  Sullivan's  company,  in  consequence  of 
the  sickness  of  our  surgeon  and  his  assistant.  *  *  *  I  regret  to  in 
form  you  of  the  death  of  Lieutenant  Gustavus  Goss  of  the  First  Regiment. 
He  was  a  fine  fellow,  had  lived  in  Madison  a  long  time  and  made  many 
friends.  His  talents  were  of  a  high  order.  His  grave  is  on  the  banks  of 
the  Rio  Bravo.  Lieutenant  Eller.  of  the  Third  Regiment,  died  a  few  days 
since,  and  Captain  Mitchell,  of  Lawrence  County,  died  here  yesterday.  He 
was  quartermaster  of  the  Second  Regiment.  Major  Henry  S.  Lane  is  also 
here  in  bad  health.  He  has  been  sick  constantly  since  our  arrival.  He 
appears  to  be  recovering.  There  are  about  1,200  sick  volunteers  in  the  hos 
pitals  at  this  place.  VOLUNTEER. 


Madison  Banner,  yovcmber  4,  1846. 

We  are  pleased  to  be  able  to  state  that  the  rumor  of  Captain  Sullivan's 
death  is  unfounded.  He  has  been  extremely  ill,  but  he  was  recovering  from 
his  illness  by  our  latest  dates  from  the  army,  as  the  following  extract 
from  a  letter  from  him  will  show : 

-MATAMOROS.  September  30,  1840. 

My  health  is  improving  and  I  will  go  back  to  cam-)  this  week.  My 
company  is  now  reduced  to  fifty-seven  privates.  There  has  been  a  givat 
deal  of  sickness  in  the  regiment.  Want  of  necessaries,  even  of  inedh  ines. 
has  caused  a  great  many  deaths.  The  weather  has  changed  for  the  better 
since  the  equinox  and  we  hope  that  new  cases  of  sickness  will  hereafter  be 
less  frequent." 


Indiana  Sentinel,  November  4,  1846. 

Died,  on  the  morning  of  November  3,  at  the  residence  of  Mr.  Chris 
topher  Loueks,  Mr.  John  Pickens,  aged  about  20  years.  This  young  and 
gallant  volunteer  was  lately  discharged  on  account  of  sickness  and  had 
reached  this  city  on  his  way  to  his  home  near  Peru,  Indiana.  Worn  down 
by  disease  and  emaciated  to  the  last  degree,  the  fell  destroyer  overtook 
him.  With  the  hope  of  once  more  beholding  his  home  and  of  again  being 
embraced  in  the  fond  arms  of  a  mother  who  but  lately  unclasped  them 
and  bid  him  forth  a  man,  he  had  urged  his  way  homeward.  His  race  is 
ended  and  we  have  the  satisfaction  only  remaining  to  state  that  it  was 
ended  among  friends  who  esteemed  and  respected  him. 


Brook I'ille  American,  November  6,  1846. 

CAMP  LANE,  Rio  Grande,  September  G,  1846. 

DEAR  SIR — In  my  last  I  stated  that  we  would  soon  leave  for  Camargo. 
all  of  which,  by  the  way,  was  a  great  mistake,  for  as  yet  we  have  seen 
nothing  of  it,  and  I  am  strongly  inclined  to  believe  we  never  shall,  unless 
we  bear  our  own  expenses,  for  Indiana  troops  are  but  seldom  called  for. 
*  *  *  And  now  for  ourselves.  As  our  location  is  much  better  and  the  place 
more  healthy,  it  is  reasonable  to  suppose  that  we  have  less  sickness  in 
camp,  which  is  a  fact  by  one  hundred  per  cent.  One  time  we  had  in  the 
hospital  243  sick ;  now  we  have  sixty-one  sick  in  the  whole  regiment.  We 
have  discharged  ninety-six  by  reason  of  surgeon's  certificate,  among  whom 
are  four  from  Franklin,  to  wit :  John  Miller,  Willis  Moore,  Andrew  Berry 
and  William  Laudfair,  who  will  be  at  home  in  a  few  weeks.  I  think  they 
could  all  have  got  well  here  without  going  home.  I  am  but  little  in  favor 
of  discharges.  The  deaths  in  the  said  regiment,  since  our  departure,  have 
been  forty-five.  Not  BO  much  as  we  had  anticipated,  by  any  means.  In 
short,  we  have  done  fine  (luring  our  stay  among  the  enemy.  Many  thought 
we  would  soon  die  off  in  Texas,  but  I  doubt  if  we  had  remained  at  home  if 
we  would  have  fared  much  better.  This  is  all  the  news  I  have  that  would 
be  interesting,  and  therefore  remain,  Yours,  etc., 

J.  M.  MYERS. 


Madison  Banner,  November  11,  1846. 

MATAMOROB,  Mexico,  October  14,  1846. 

EDITOR  BANNER —  *  *  *  We  are  very  much  afraid  here  that  a  ship 
load  of  discharged  Indianians  \vas  lost  about  three  weeks  ago  in  crossing 
the  gulf.  Among  them  were  Captain  McLain  of  Allen  County,  Adjutant 
Barbour  of  Columbus,  and  J.  W.  Gordon  of  Ripler.  They  have  now  been 


absent  near  one  month  aa<4  we  have  no  news  from  them,  although  some  of 
them  were  entrusted  with  commissions  in  New  Orleans  that  would  cause 
correspondence  with  their  friends  here.  We  hope  they  are  all  with  their 
friends  at  home,  but  we  fear  they  are  in  the  deep  sea  buried.  They  were 
all  discharged  from  the  service  on  account  of  bad  health.  This  campaign 
is  costing  Indiana  some  of  her  finest  young  men.  We  have  buried  at  least 
100  of  them  here.  An  active  campaign  would  not  cost  more  lives.  Indeed 
the  genuine  horrors  of  war  are  seen  in  the  hospital  and  the  camp,  and  do 
not  belong  to  the  field  of  battle.  A  few  weeks  ago  there  were  1,400  sick 
men  in  the  military  hospitals  of  this  place,  besides  the  sick  who  were  in 
the  regimental  hospitals.  To  mend  the  matter  our  medicine  chest  is  empty. 
Really  things  are  conducted  here  on  a  most  beautiful  system. 



Orleans  Commercial-Bulletin,  November  14,  1846. 
The  fifteen  hundred  mules  belonging  to  the  United  States  have  been 
kept  for  some  time  about  two  miles  above  this  city,  have  made  a  regular 
stampede,  and  breaking  through  their  enclosure  have  scattered  in  every 
direction  up  and  down  the  coast  and  into  the  swamp.  A  gentleman  who  is 
our  informant  and  saw  the  rush,  says  it  was  the  most  magnificent  sight  he 
ever  witnessed  as  they  rushed  off  at  full  speed. 


Orleans  Commercial -Bulletin,  November  14,  1846. 
We  undestand  that  six  hundred  of  the  new  Mounted  Rifle  Regiment 
are  hourly  expected  here  by  way  of  the  river  and  will  immediately  embark 
for  the  Rio  Grande.  This  is  the  regiment  commanded  by  Colonel  P.  F. 
Smith,  and  we  learn  that  it  is  one  of  the  finest  bodies  of  men  ever  organ 

SKETCHES  IN  CAMP.— No.  10. 

Indiana  Sentinel,  X&vembtr  14,  1846. 

Several  men  in  the  First  Regiment  have  been  sick  for  some  time. 
Their  diseases  do  not  appear  to  be  very  violent,  but  seem  to  be  hard  to 
cure.  One  of  the  Heiidricks  Volunteers  was  buried  on  the  2d  of  October, 
and  one  of  the  Putnam  Blues  on  the  3d.  There  were  no  more  deaths  in 
the  regiment  until  the  12th,  when  Mr.  Bell  of  the  Wabash  Iiivincibles  died. 

On  the  4th  a  detachment  of  nearly  two  hundred  men  was  detailed  to 
escort  upward  of  one  hundred  wagons  from  our  camp  to  Matamoros.  This 
detachment  was  In  command  of  Captain  Milroy  and  Captain  Lewis ;  Cap 
tain  Milroy  recruited  out  of  the  Fountain  Riflemen  and  Captain  Lewis  out 
of  the  Mad  Anthony  Guards.  Besides,  there  were  four  from  the  Logans- 


port  company,  four  from  the   Indianapolis  company  and  one  or  two  from 
the  Putnam  company  joined  ns.     *     *     * 

Captain  Robert  Mitchell.  A.  (}.  M..  died  at  Matamoros  on  the  8th  of 
October.  Captain  Mitchell  was  'well  known  as  an  estimable  citizen  of 
Lawrence  County,  Indiana.  All  the  volunteers  who  knew  him  deeply  la 
mented  his  death.  The  health  of  the  regiment  is  improving,  there  being 
hardly  enough  medicine  in  the  whole  regiment  to  either  kill  or  cure.  Calo 
mel  makes  great  havoc  among  the  soldiers,  according  to  the  common  sense 
view  of  the  subject.  I  make  no  pretensions  to  medical  knowledge,  but  I 
should  be  sorry  if  I  had  not  yet  made  the  discovery  after  seeing  all  the 
walking  skeletons  on  their  way  home  from  Camargo,  Matamoros  and  all 
the  other  places  where  troops  are  stationed.  C.  C.  Smith  has  left  here  for 


Courier,  \oronber  1  //.  /X.W. 
We  learn,  says  the  Louisville  Democrat  of  the  12th  inst.  by  an  officer 
of  the  First  Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers,  who  arrived  in  our  city  on 
board  the  "Cincinnati,"  that  Colonel  Bowles,  of  the  Second  Regiment,  In 
diana  Volunteers,  has  returned  home  on  a  furlough  of  sixty  days.  Captain 
Eakles,  of  the  First  Indiana,  and  Captains  Gresham,  Evans,  Graham  and 
Dennis,  of  the  Second  Indiana,  and  Lieutenant  Davis,  of  the  First,  will  also 
return  on  a  furlough  for  the  same  period,  beside  about  seventy  non-commis 
sioned  officers  and  privates  belonging  to  the  Indiana  Volunteers. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  November  18,  1846. 

In  the  list  of  deaths  in  the  general  hospital  at  Matamoros  which  oc 
curred  since  October  1st,  published  in  the  New  Orleans  Delta  of  the  3d,  we 
tind  the  following  names:  J.  W.  Waltz,  Third  Regiment  Indiana  Volun 
teers,  Company  D. ;  James  Nicholson,  First  Regiment ;  R.  Arnold,  Third 
Regiment;  --  Richardson,  First  Regiment. 


HrooJcrille  American,  Norembcr  20,  18'i6. 

CAMP  CLARK,  October  1(>,  184(5. 

FRIEND  CLARKSON —  *  *  *  There  is  but  little  security  in  this  place. 
On  the  evening  of  our  arrival  we  lost  one  of  our  sergeants,  who  was  mur 
dered  in  one  of  the  restaurants  for  his  money,  but  he  had  none  by  him. 
iiis  name  was  Phillip  Love,  of  Columbus.  A  tine,  peaceable  fellow.  He 
\v;is  killed  by  two  Americans,  who  have  been  arrested  and  sent  to  Newr  Or 
leans  for  trial.  This,  however,  is  a  common  thing.  Almost  every  day 


things  of  this  kind  take  place,  and  if  a  fellow  isn't  careful  of  his  head  he 
is  very  apt  to  lose  it. 

The  health  of  our  regiment  is  remarkably  good.  But  few  cases  of 
sickness  yet  remain  in  camp  and  they  are  not  of  recent  date.  All  our  boys 
are  well  and  in  good  spirits,  save  for  Colonel  McCarty.  who  has  a  small 
turn  of  chills  and  fever.  J.  M.  M. 


Madison  Banner,  November  25,  1846. 

We  find  the  following  in  the  Matamoros  Flag  of  October  28 :  "We  do 
not  know  whose  province  it  is,  but  it  is  the  bounden  duty  of  somebody  to 
adopt  measures  for  the  support  and  proper  treatment  of  several  volunteers 
who  have  been  roaming  about  the  streets  for  the  last  week  or  two,  ap 
parently  disordered  in  their  intellects  and  giving  evidence  of  having  been 
brought  to  thjs  state  of  wretchedness  by  sickness  and  suffering.  It  is  not 
proper  that  they  should  be  suffered  to  depend  upon  the  charity  of  strangers 
to  obtain  the  wherewith  to  subsist  and  kept  in  a  situation  where  they  are 
daily  exposed  to  the  gibes,  insults  and  even  kicks  of  the  Mexicans.  We 
saw  one  of  these  poor  fellows  rudely  shoved  from  a  hackel  door  on  Sunday 
last  where  he  had  no  doubt  entered,  as  he  does  daily  the  houses  of  our 
citizens,  to  procure  something  to  eat  or  to  gratify  an  insane  curiosity. 

"Another  one  of  them  has  proved  exceedingly  troublesome  by  entering, 
unasked,  different  boarding  houses  about  town  or  wherever  he  sees  any  eat 
ing  going  on,  and  seating  himself,  without  ceremony,  at  the  table.  A  seat 
next  to  him  is  anything  but  pleasant,  as  he  is  neither  very  tasty  in  ap 
parel,  cleanly  in  appearance  nor  engaging  in  conversation.  They  should  be 
properly  provided  for  until  sent  home  and  it  should  be  the  duty  of  some 
one  to  see  that  no  American  volunteer  has  to  beg  a  Mexican  for  a  meal's 

Madison  Courier,  November  28,  1846. 

Mr.  W.  B.  Custer,  a  volunteer  in  Captain  Sullivan's  company,  died  at 
Matamoros  on  the  second  instant. 

St.  Louis  Union,  November  30,  1846. 

Company  "G,"  United  States  Mounted  Riflemen,  commanded  by  Cap 
tain  Simonson,  and  numbering  seventy-six  men.  embarked  yesterday  after 
noon  for  New  Orleans  on  board  the  steamer  "Champlain." 

Campaign  in  Mexico,  Isaac  Reed,  First  Indiana.  Xorembcr,  1846. 

We  now  come  to  a  new  epoch  in  the  history  of  the  Indiana  Brigade. 
The  officers  having  failed  in  their  efforts  to  have  their  commands  become 
a  part  of  the  Tampico  expedition,  the  attention  of  the  Indianians  was  again 
turned  to  a  forward  movement  towards  Saltillo.  General  Patterson  had 


some  time  previous  issued  conditional  marching  orders  for  the  Indiana 
brigade,  which  were  in  substance  as  follows:  General  Lane  will  proceed 
to  Monterey  with  his  brigade  (except  Colonel  Drake's  regiment,  which  will 
remain  at  the  mouth  of  the  Rio  Grande)  as  soon  as  the  Tennessee  Cavalry 
arrives  at  Matamoros.  Colonel  Clark  will  inform  General  Lane  of  the  time 
of  the  arrival  of  the  Tennessee  Cavalry.  But  Colonel  Clark  neglected  to 
give  this  information  to  General  Lane,  consequently  there  was  considerable 
delay  in  the  march.  The  first  intimation  that  the  men  of  the  First  Regi 
ment  had  of  the  existence  of  marching  orders  came  from  men  directly  from 
Camargo,  who  took  occasion  to  say  that  General  Patterson  was  complaining 
of  General  Lane  for  not  being  on  the  march  with  his  brigade.  This  ac 
count  was  first  considered  fabulous,  but  its  truth  was  afterward  confirmed, 
as  well  as  the  development  of  the  fact  that  the  delay  was  in  consequence 
of  the  neglect  of  Colonel  Clark.  After  this  delay  General  Lane  received  un 
conditional  orders  to  proceed  to  Monterey  with  the  Second  and  Third  Regi 
ments.  Requisition  was  immediately  made  for  transportation,  but  General 
Lane  expressed  his  deep  regret  that  any  portion  of  his  command  should  be 
left  in  the  rear — he  had  every  confidence  in  Colonel  Drake  to  sustain  him 
self  in  any  emergency,  and  no  less  confidence  in  his  regiment,  and  it  was 
determined  not  to  let  the  opportunty  pass  without  making  one  more  effort 
in  behalf  of  the  First  Regiment.  He  accordingly  sent  his  aid  (Lieutenant 
A.  L.  Robinson)  to  Matamoros  to  see  General  Patterson,  who  had  just  ar 
rived  from  Camargo.  Colonel  Drake  would  probably  have  gone,  but  Major 
(since  Lieutenant-Colonel)  Henry  S.  Lane  was  at  Matamoros,  and  the 
Colonel  had  every  confidence  that  he  would  leave  nothing  undone  to  pro 
mote  the  advance  of  the  First  Regiment.  Before  they  returned,  unfavor 
able  news  reached  the  First  Regiment,  which,  together  with  the  orders  al 
ready  issued,  seemed  to  put  an  end  to  the  prospect  of  their  advance.  On 
the  5th  of  December,  Colonel  Drake,  at  the  evening  parrfde,  addressed  his 
soldiers.  He  frankly  told  them  that  the  assurances  that  he  had  received 
from  officers  high  in  rank  had  led  him  to  believe  that  they  would  be  ad 
vanced  into  the  interior ;  but  it  was  now  his  painful  duty  to  announce  the 
fact  that  his  regiment  had  no  marching  orders,  and  would  probably  remain 
at  the  mouth  of  the  Rio  Grande  during  the  remainder  of  its  term  of  service. 
He  said,  that  the  faithfulness  with  which  the  soldiers  under  his  command 
had  dis'-harged  their  duty  on  all  occasions,  and  their  anxiety  to  do  service 
on  the  battle-field,  wa*  a  sufficient  guaranty  that  they  would  sustain  him 
in  bis  efforts  to  carry  out  the  orders  of  the  commander-in-chief.  The  ranks 
of  the  regiment,  said  the  Colonel,  have  been  reduced,  not  upon  the  battle 
field,  where  the  American  soldier  is  ever  ready  to  sacrifice  his  life  in  his 
country's  cause,  but  in  a  position  exposed  to  the  disease  of  the  climate,  the 
ravages  of  which  have  been  far  more  destructive  than  the  battles  in  which 
our  arms  hnve  been  victorious,  and  our  brave  countrymen  won  imperishable 

When  Colonel  Drake  concluded  his  remarks,  sadness  was  depicted  on 
every  countenance,  occasioned  by  the  melancholy  reflection  that  we  were 
still  to  remain  in  inactivity  near  the  sandhill  which  had  been  the  sepulchre 
of  so  many  of  our  companions. 

But  the  scene  was  soon  changed.  At  night  Major  Lane  returned,  and 
announced  the  fact  that  General  Patterson  pledged  himself  that  he  would 


make  out  orders  for  the  First  Regiment  to  proceed  to  Monterey.  *  *  * 
This  was  received  with  emotions  of  great  joy,  and  the  night  of  the  5th  of 
December  was  the  most  jolly  night  we  had  during  our  service. 

*****  ****** 

On  the  10th  of  December,  the  First  Regiment  embarked  for  Camargo. 
The  Third  embarked  some  days  previous  and  the  Second  about  the  same 
time.  The  First  arrived  at  Camargo  on  the  14th,  the  Second  about  the 
same  time,  while  the  Third,  having  arrived  sooner,  had  their  mules  broke 
to  harness  and  were  on  the  march  on  the  16th.  The  First  and  Second 
left  on  the  19th.  The  soldiers  of  all  these  regiments  had  to  take  wild  mules 
for  the  train  and  break  them  before  they  could  march.  These  wild  mules 
were  enclosed  in  a  small  yard  at  Camargo,  where  Mexicans  were  employed 
to  lasso  them,  and  deliver  them  over  to  the  soldiers. 

The  First  and  Second  regiments  had  not  proceeded  far  on  the  march 
before  Brigadier-General  Lane  received  orders  from  Brigadier-General 
Mai-shall  to  send  the  First  Regiment  back  to  the  Rio  Grande.  This,  as 
well  as  ajiother  order  from  the  same  source.  General  Lane  declined  to 
obey,  and  the  officers  of  the  First  Regiment  sustained  him  in  his  position. 
General  Lane  wrote  to  General  Marshall,  stating  to  him  the  reason  which 
he  had  for  not  obeying  his  orders.  It  is  understood  that  he  took  the  posi 
tion  that  he  could  not  obey  Brigadier-General  Marshall's  order  because 
he  (General  L. )  was  under  marching  orders  of  Major-General  Patterson, 
an  officer  superior  in  rank  to  Brigadier-General  Marshall.  The  First  and 
Second  regiments  continued  the  march,  while  General  Lane  hurried  on  to 
Monterey  to  report  his  brigade  to  General  Taylor. 

When  General  Lane  arrived  at  Monterey  General  Taylor  was  about  to 
leave  for  Victoria.  General  Lane  reported  his  command  to  be  on  the 
march  for  Monterey,  when  General  Taylor  issued  an  order  to  General 
Lane  to  send  the  First  Regiment  back — eight  companies  to  garrison  Mata- 
inoros  and  two  companies  to  garrison  the  mouth  of  the  Rio  Grande.  This 
order  was  received  by  Colonel  Drake  on  the  24th  of  December,  when  the 
regiment  was  crossing  a  creek  at  Corristos,  seven  miles  south  of  Ceralvo. 
The  regiment  encamped  at  that  place,  and  on  the  following  day  com 
menced  a  counter  march. 

The  Second  Regiment  continued  on  to  Monterey,  and  arrived  at  the 
camp  on  this  side  of  the  city  on  the  27th  of  December.  The  Third  Indiana 
Regiment  had  left  the  camp  for  Saltillo.  The  Second  Regiment  took  up 
the  line  of  march  on  the  29th  of  December  and  arrived  at  Camp  Butler, 
near  the  city  of  Saltillo,  on  the  1st  of  January,  1847. 


Madiaon  Banner,  December  2,  1846. 

The  ladies  of  Madison,  who  for  the  last  week  or  two  hare  been  as 
siduously  laboring  to  make  up  a  suitable  present  of  clothing  and  other 
necessaries  for  our  volunteers,  who,  at  the  call  of  their  country  so  prompt 
ly  left  the  comforts  and  luxuries  of  home  for  the  hardships  and  priva 
tions  of  a  soldier's  life,  make  this  last  appeal  to  the  patriotism  and  g«i- 


erosity  of  their  fellow  citizens.  From  the  statements  in  various  letters 
and  from  the  accounts  published  in  the  American  Flag  (a  Matamoros 
paper)  it  is  evident  that  many  of  our  volunteers  have  suffered  much  un 
necessary  hardship  and  that  the  sick  have  felt  the  want  of  many  little 
comforts  that  their  small  pay  would  not  supply  and  which  friends  at  home 
would  gladly  make  up  if  in  their  power. 

The  opportunity  is  now  offered  of  sending  directly  to  them  whatever 
may  he  collected  together  for  that  purpose.  Such  articles  as  strong  boots. 
Canton  flannel,  socks,  muslin,  black  tea  for  the  sick,  etc.,  will  be  gladly 
received  by  the  committee,  who  meet  every  day  at  the  house  of  Judge 
Sullivan,  and  who  pledge  themselves  for  the  faithful  distribution  of  the 
same.  Eight  pairs  of  shoes,  72  shirts,  35  pairs  of  drawers,  28  comforts 
and  43  pairs  of  socks  are  now  ready,  besides  what  is  sent  by  individuals 
to  their  immediate  friends.  The  ladies  wish  enough  to  supply  every  man 
in  the  two  companies  not  otherwise  provided  for. 


Indiana  tfentincl,   Jtewmler  2, 

The  following  list  of  deceased  volunteers  in  the  First  Regiment  of 
Indiana  troops  was  kindly  furnished  Major  A.  F.  Morrison  by  Mr.  Isham 
T.  Beck.  It  embraces  all  of  the  deaths  which  have  occurred  since  the 
formation  of  the  regiment  up  to  the  28th  day  of  October,  1846,  and  will 
be  of  much  interest  to  the  friends  of  the  volunteers,  as  well  as  the  public 
generally.  A  respectful  notice  of  their  decease  is  but  a  small  tribute  to 
their  memory,  for  although  they  sleep  in  the  sterile  sands  of  a  foreign 
land,  and  the  spot  is  scarcely  remembered  where  they  lie,  their  memory 
should  be  held  in  sacred  regard;  for  they  have  fallen  martyrs  to  their 
patriotic  ardor  and  have  sacrificed  their  lives  at  the  shrine  of  public 
duty  in  their  zeal  to  defend  the  rights  and  honor  of  their  country: 


John  E.  Gearhard,  Daniel  Iseley,  John  Poff,  Hugh  Price,  Spencer 
Robertson,  Custis  Richardson,  Thomas  Sandrum,  James  W.  Foster,  Mich 
ael  Bell,  privates;  George  M.  Erwin,  first  corporal;  James  H.  Armstrong, 
fourth  sergeant  ;  William  H.  Craiger,  Alfred  W.  Cox. 

Henry  Hyatt,  X.  A.  West,  Clark  Powers,  James  McCalJ,  privates. 

William  H.  Buchanan,  Caleb  B.  Hopkinson,  privates. 


Dennis  Keaton,  Alexander  Kirkley,  Albert  F.  Royce,  privates  ;  Isaac 
R.  Hazell,  fourth  corporal. 



Henry  Hart.  James  Todd,  William  McAllister.  Lewis  L.  Pounds,  John 
Lewis,  John  Shelby,  Lurkin  Bird,  George  Dickinson,  privates;  Lewis  D. 
Carter,  first  sergeant. 


Oliver  Browning.  Joseph  Reynolds.  Daniel  Eldred,  privates;  Jaines  M. 
Luckey,  third  corporal. 


Jaines  Wray.  William  I*.  Hopper,  James  Nicholson.  John  Brattou, 
Thomas  Buckles,  privates;  Fenelou  Goss,  first  lieutenant;  George  D. 
Powers,  second  lieutenant  (thrown  from  hack  in  New  Albany)  ;  David 


Luther  M.  Beck  (drowned  in  the  Rio  Grande),  Henry  Cartwright, 
John  Johnson.  Jerome  Loots,  Josephus  Haima.  John  T.  Morrow,  John  H. 
Vanblarkum,  Edward  Malone,  privates ;  John  Pay  ton,  first  corporal. 


Michael  O'Neal.  William  Reeves.  Richard  Bell,  John  Denton,  privates. 


Henry  Elliott  (killed  by  falling  through  the  hatchway  of  a  ship), 
Henry  Updike,  Isaac  Harbert.  William  Cranmore,  James  Co,  Washington 
Jackson  Lyon,  privates. 



DECEMBER  4,  1846. 

INDIANAPOLIS,  INDIANA.  December  4,  1846. 

To  His  Excellency.  James  Whitcomb.  Governor,  and  the  Honorable  Sen 
ate  and  House  of  Representatives  of  the  State  of  Indiana : 
It  becomes  my  duty,  under  the  law.  to  lay  before  you  a  statement  of 
the  military  affairs  of  Indiana  for  the  year  1846,  which  is  now  respect 
fully  submitted. 

Since  nothing  of  unusual  importance  occurred  prior  to  the  requisi 
tion  on  us  for  troops  for  the  war  with  the  Mexican  Republic,  a  brief 
statement  of  some  facts  connected  with  that  requisition  is  thought  not  to 
be  deemed  inappropriate. 


That  the  response  of  Indiana  to  the  call  of  the  President  may  be  ap 
preciated,  it  is  well  to  remember  that  since  our  State  organization  no  call 
to  meet  foreign  arms  had  previously  been  made  upon  the  chivalry  of  our 
people ;  that  a  long  and  profound  peace  had  been  followed  by  an  almost 
total  dissolution  of  our  entire  military  system,  and  that  hence,  when  the 
requisition  of  the  President  reached  the  Commander-iu-Chief  of  our  State 
militia  he  could  not  order  out  to  beat  up  for  volunteers  a  single  organized 
division,  brigade  or  regiment,  for  the  plain  reason  that  none  existed. 
That  Congress,  in  the  exigency  of  the  moment,  had  not  furnished  in  ad 
vance  the  means  to  pay  the  expenses  of  our  volunteers  from  their  homes 
to  the  place  of  rendezvous,  and  that,  under  these  circumstances,  the  appeal 
was  of  necessity  made  to  the  individual  patriotism  of  the  people  of  the 
State.  It  was  then,  under  such  and  numerous  other  disadvantages,  we 
received  the  call,  which  will  be  borne  in  mind  while  you  read  the  follow 
ing  statement  of  facts  in  relation  to  the  compliance  on  our  part  with  the 

The  acknowledgment  of  the  existence  of  war  between  this  and  the 
Republic  of  Mexico  passed  Congress  and  received  the  approval  of  the 
President  on  the  13th  of  May.  A  requisition  by  the  President  on  Indiana 
for  three  regiments  of  infantry  or  riflemen  was  received  by  the  Governor 
on  the  21st  of  the  same  month,  and  on  the  next  day  his  proclamation  call 
ing  for  volunteers,  accompanied  with  the  memoranda  of  information,  was 
received  and  sent  through  the  post  office  to  every  county  in  the  State. 

The  first  general  order  was  issued  and  distributed  on  the  4th,  the 
second  on  the  5th,  third  on  the  8th,  fourth  on  the  10th  and  fifth  on  the 
15th  of  June.  On  the  10th  of  June  the  requisition  was  full.  Thirty  com 
panies  had  been  organized,  tendered  their  services,  been  accepted  and  or 
dered  to  rendezvous  near  New  Albany.  On  the  20th  of  June  each  of  the 
thirty  companies  ordered  arrived  at  Camp  Whitcomb,  ready  to  be  mus 
tered  into  the  service  of  the  United  States.  Not  one  company  was  or 
dered  that  did  not  appear,  and  every  company  ordered  was  there  at  the 

Thus,  in  less  than  a  month  from  the  call  an  army  of  two  thousand 
five  hundred  and  fifty-three  men  was  raised  from  civil  life,  bid  adieu  to 
the  associations  of  home,  marched  from  all  parts  of  the  State  and  pitched 
their  tents  on  the  banks  of  the  Ohio,  ready  to  move  to  the  seat  of  war, 
then  on  the  banks  of  the  Rio  Grande. 

Notice  that  the  requisition  was  full  was  immediately  given,  and  yet 
so  intense  had  become  the  enthusiasm  of  our  people  that  within  seven 
days  twenty-two  other  companies  tendered  their  services  and  asked  per 
mission  to  join  their  brethren  in  arms.  Besides  those  mentioned  compa 
nies  were  forming  all  over  the  State,  but  not  completed  because  they  had 
learned  it  was  too  late. 

On  the  24th  of  June  the  thirty  companies  were  organized  into  three 
regiments,  which  composed  the  Indiana  brigade  then  organized ;  and  on 
the  very  next  day  each  regiment  elected  its  field  officers,  who  were  then 

The  following  exhibits  the  organization  of  the  brigade,  names  of  the 
commissioned  officers  of  the  brigade,  regiments  and  captains  of  companies, 
to  wit : 


Indiana  Brigade — Joseph  Lane,  Brigadier-General. 


James  P.  Drake,  Colonel  Commandant;  Christian  C.  Nave,  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  ;  Henry  S.  Lane,  Major.  Composed  of  the  following  companies, 
to  wit: 

Man  Anthony  Guards,  Allen  County;  Captain  J.  W.  McLaiu. 

Wayne  Guards,  Allen  County;  Captain  D.  W.  Lewis. 

Wabash  Rangers,  Miami  County;  Captain  J.  W.  Wilson. 

Cass  County  Volunteers,  Cass  County;  Captain  S.  S.  Tipton. 

Wabash  Invincibles,  Carroll  County;  Captain  R.  H.  Milroy. 

Fountain  Volunteers,  Fountain  County;    Captain  R.  M.  Evans. 

Montgomery  Volunteers,  Montgomery  County;  Captain  H.  .S.  Lane. 

Hendricks  County  Volunteers,  Heudricks  County;  Captain  Christian 
C.  Nave. 

Marion  Volunteers,  Marion  County;  Captain  J.  P.  Drake. 


William  A.  Bowles,  Colonel  Commandant,  elected  in  Texas  to  fill  the 
vacancy  of  Colonel  J.  Lane,  promoted ;  William  R.  Haddou,  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  ;  James  A.  Cravens,  Major.  Composed  of  the  following  compa 
nies  : 

Sullivan  Volunteers,  Sullivan  County;  Captain  J.  W.  Briggs. 

Clay  County  Volunteers,  Clay  County;    Captain  J.  Osborn. 

Greene  County  Volunteers,   Greene  County ;    Captain  L.   H.   Rosseau. 

Lawrence  Greys,  Lawrence  County;    Captain  H.  Davis. 

Hoosier  Boys,  Orange  County;    Captain  William  A.  Bowles. 

Washington  Riflemen,  Washington  County ;    Captain  A.  Dennis. 

Posey  Guards,  Washington  County;    Captain  N.  Kimball. 

Indiana  Riflemen,  Vanderburgh  County;    Captain  W.  Walker. 

Spencer  Greys,  Floyd  County;    Captain  W.  L.  Sanderson. 

Lanesville  Legion,  Harrison  County;    Captain  C.  Gresham. 


James  H.  Lane,  Colonel  Commandant  (resigned  and  succeeded  by 
Captain  S.  Lasselle),  elected  Major  and  succeeded  by  Captain  J.  B.  Pow 
ers,  who  has  been  succeeded  by  Captain  Allen  May;  elected  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  and  succeeded  by  Captain  S.  C.  Crawford;  elected  Colonel  and 
succeeded  by  Captain  John  McDougal ;  elected  Colonel  and  succeeded 
by  Captain  T.  B.  Kinder;  William  M.  McCarty,  Lieutenant-Colonel; 
Willis  A.  Gorman,  Major.  Composed  of  the  following  companies,  to  wit: 

Johnson  Guards.  Johnson  County;  Captain  D.  Allen. 

Brown  County  Blues.  Brown  County;    Captain  J.  Taggart. 

Shelby  Riflemen.   Shelby  County;    Captain  V.  Conover. 

Monroe  Guards,  Monroe  County;    Captain  J.  Sluss. 

Bartholomew  Volunteers,  Bartholomew  Comity:  Captain  I.  S.  Board- 

Dearborn  Volunteers.  Dearborn  County:  Captain  J.  H.  Lane;  elected 
Colonel  and  succeeded  by  Captain  George  Dunn. 

Switzerland  Riflemen,   Switzerland  County;    Captain   S.   Carter. 


Washington  Guards,  Jefferson  County;    Captain  W.  Ford. 
Madison  Rifles,  Jefferson  County;    Captain  T.  S.  Sullivan. 
Clark  Guards,  Clark  County ;    Captain  T.  W.  Gibson. 

By  order  of  the  Governor  the  Adjutant-General  repaired  to  New  Al 
bany  to  aid  in  the  foregoing  organization.  The  brigade  organized  as  above 
had  all  embarked  for  Mexico  on  the  12th  of  July. 

It  had  been  predicted  in  some  quarters  that  to  meet  this  call  Indiana 
would  have  to  resort  to  a  draft.  We  point  with  pride  to  the  above  facts 
as  a  standing  refutation  of  all  such  predictions.  We  have  no  cause  to 
blush  for  the  answer  we  made  to  the  call  of  our  county,  nor  shall  we, 
as  we  confidently  trust,  for  the  men  we  sent  to  represent  us  on  the 
field  of  battle. 

The  attention  of  the  Legislature  is  again  respectfully  called  to  the 
subject  of  a  thorough  organization  of  the  State  militia.  Hitherto  public 
opinion,  the  basis  of  our  laws,  it  is  thought,  has  been  averse.  It  was  said : 
"We  shall  have  no  more  war."  But  this  is  now  proven  to  be  untrue  and 
a  state  of  actual  hostilities  has  excited  among  the  masses  an  intense  mili 
tary  spirit.  But  should  the  present  war  terminate  soon,  as  is  much  de 
sired,  what  assurance  have  we  that  the  jealous  eye  of  monarchial  Europe 
will  not  seek  a  quarrel  with  us,  in  which  we  shall  have  to  meet  her  potent 
arms,  principally,  too,  with  State  militia?  For,  while  it  is  the  policy  of 
monarchies  to  maintain  heavy  standing  forces,  it  is  ours  to  keep  but  small 
ones;  and  hence,  in  our  republic  great  reliance  must  be  placed  on  a  well- 
organized  State  militia. 

It  may  be  proper  here  to  re] teat  the  substance  of  what  was  said  in 
my  last  annual  rei>ort  on  the  importance  of  organizing  to  secure  our  proper 
quota  of  the  public  arms.  We  draw  under  an  imperfect  report  of  our 
strength  made  in  1832,  representing  our  strength  to  be  only  53,913  men 
liable  to  the  performance  of  military  duty,  which  gives  us  in  1846  about 
430  muskets  worth  some  $0,020.  Our  population  has  more  than  doubled 
since  that  time  and  hence  a  correct  report  now  would  entitle  us  to  some 
$13,020  worth  of  arms.  We  lose,  then,  annually  some  $7,000  worth  of 
arms,  which  in  the  short  period  of  ten  years,  without  counting  past  losses 
or  future  increase  of  population,  would  amount  to  the  sum  of  $70,000.  A 
correct  return  by  actual  enrollment  will  secure  these  arms,  and  nothing 
else  will  do  it,  as  will  more  fully  appear  by  reference  to  a  correspondence 
between  the  War  Department  and  this  office,  herewith  communicated,  in 
consequence  of  the  important  information  given  on  the  part  of  the  Wai- 
Department,  to  which  your  attention  is  respectfully  called. 

This,  of  itself,  upon  the  plainest  principles  of  political  economy,  to 
say  nothing  of  the  claims  of  patriotism,  is,  it  would  seem,  a  sufficient 
reason  for  an  organization.  By  reference  to  the  report  of  the  Quarter 
master-General  you  will  perceive  that  under  the  existing  law  requiring 
bond  for  the  safe  keeping  and  return  of  the  public  arms,  they  are  now 

It  is  believed  that  the  public  mind  is  now  not  only  fully  prepared 
for,  but  actually  demands,  such  organization.  This  state  of  the  public 
will  is  strongly  indicated,  as  well  from  the  tone  of  correspondents  from 
all  i tarts  of  the  State,  as  by  the  following  comparison  of  the  business  of 
this  office  in  1845  with  that  of  184(J.  in  which  it  is  shown  to  have  been 
some  eleven  times  greater  in  the  latter  than  in  the  former  year,  to  wit: 


Communications  received  aud  answered  in  1845 65 

Communications  received  and  answered  in  1846 724 

Commissions  ordered,  procured  and  forwarded  in  1845 125 

Commissions  ordered,  procured  and  forwarded  in  1846. : 1,320 

The  following  exhibits  the  number  of  the  above   1.320   commissions 
which  were  issued  to  each  of  the  kinds  of  militia,  to  wit : 

To  the  district   militia    of   the   State 502 

To  the  independent   militia   of  the   State 594 

To  the  volunteers  of  the  War  with  Mexico   (to  fill  vacancies) 32 

To  the  twenty-two  companies  reported  too  late  for  said  service...  60 

Total  from  1st  December,  1845,  to  4th  December,  1846,  as  above.   1,320 

No  official  reports  have  been  received  of  the  strength  of  divisions  or 
brigades  in  the  district  militia  during  the  past  year,  though  from  unoffi 
cial  statements  it  is  believed  some  three  brigades  have  been  organized 
during  that  time,  as  also  a  number  of  regiments.  But  one  regiment,  how 
ever,  has  reported  its  strength. 

There  have  been  organized  during  the  past  year  in  the  independent 
militia  of  the  State  as  follows,  to  wit : 

New  companies    144 

New  regiments  formed  of  said  companies 5 

New  and  separate  battalions 5 

Besides  which  several  of  the  twenty-two  companies  raised  for  the 
Mexican  War  but  too  late  for  acceptance,  it  is  understood,  have  identi 
fied  themselves  with  the  independent  militia. 

The  foregoing  statements  of  facts  in  relation  to  the  military  opera 
tions  in  our  State  for  the  past  year  evidently  show  that  no  State  in  the 
Union  has  made  a  more  energetic  and  patriotic  response  to  the  late  call 
upon  her  chivalry  to  meet  a  perfidious  foe  than  has  Indiana.  They  also 
show,  it  is  believed,  that  our  people  are  ready  for  a  full  military  organi 
zation,  by  giving  the  strongest  proof  that  could  be  given,  that  is,  that 
the  work  has  extensively  and  rapidly  commenced.  It  is  hoped  that  the 
Legislature  at  an  early  period  of  their  session  will  give  the  subject  their 
careful  consideration.  If.  in  their  opinion,  it  be  considered  expedient  to 
organize,  an  efficient  law  will  of  course  be  required — either  a  new  code 
or  a  thorough  revision  of  the  old  one,  curing  what  defects  soever  may  be 
found  to  exist. 

And  it  is  respectfully  suggested  that  the  laws  governing  the  inde 
pendent  and  district  militia  be  bound  in  one  volume. 

Much  inconvenience  been  experienced  by  the  militia  for  the  want 
of  books  of  tactics,  there  being  none  with  which  to  furnish  them. 

It  is  proper  here  to  state  that  the  envelopes  used  in  the  office  during 
the  past  year  have  been  furnished  by  the  Secretary,  and  the  paper  by 
the  Treasurer  of  State. 

All  of  which  is  respectfully  submitted. 

Your  obedient  servant, 

Adjutant-General   Indiana   Militia. 





DECEMBER  8,   1846. 

After  repeated  attempts  on  the  part  of  the  United  States  for  an  hon 
orable  adjustment  of  all  existing  differences  with  the  Mexican  govern 
ment,  consisting  in  part  of  the  accumulated  wrongs  and  injuries  com 
mitted  on  citizens  of  the  United  States,  in  their  persons  and  property,  for 
more  than  twenty  years,  our  amicable  relations  with  that  power  were 
suddenly  terminated  on  the  24th  of  April  last  by  the  invasion  of  our  ter 
ritory  by  a  Mexican  force,  and  the  shedding  of  the  blood  of  our  own  citi 
zens  upon  our  own  soil. 

This  event  was  duly  communicated  to  Congress  by  the  President  of 
the  United  States  on  the  llth  of  May  last,  for  the  consideration  of  that 
branch  of  the  government,  which  by  a  vote  nearly  approaching  to  unanim 
ity  passed  an  act,  approvel  on  the  13th  of  the  same  month,  recognizing  the 
war  thus  commenced  on  the  part  of  Mexico,  as  existing  between  the  two 
powers,  and  authorizing  the  President  to  call  for  and  accept  the  services 
of  any  number  of  volunteers  not  exceeding  50,000  for  its  speedy  and  ener 
getic  prosecution. 

By  a  communication  from  the  Secretary  of  War,  dated  the  16th  of 
the  same  month,  and  received  late  in  the  evening  of  the  21st,  enclosing 
a  copy  of  the  act  referred  to,  I  was  requested  on  the  part  of  the  President, 
to  call  for  three  regiments  from  this  State  to  serve  as  infantry  or  rifle 
men,  and  to  cause  them  to  be  organized  at  the  earliest  practicable  period, 
preparatory  to  their  being  moved  towards  the  seat  of  war.  In  compliance 
with  this  request  my  proclamation  dated  the  22d  of  May  was  issued,  in 
viting  our  citizen  soldiers  to  repair  to  the  standard  of  their  country. 

This  call  found  our  citizens  peacefully  engaged  in  their  ordinary  pur 
suits,  scarcely  dreaming  of  this  invasion  of  our  soil  by  a  foreign  foe,  how 
faithless  soever  past  events  had  shown  that  foe  to  be.  Our  military  or 
ganization,  during  a  peace  of  thirty  years,  was  broken  up  and  in  ruins. 
No  funds  had  been  provided  by  law  to  be  advanced  to  the  volunteers  be 
fore  they  should  reach  the  place  of  rendezvous,  either  for  clothing,  for 
provisions  or  for  the  expenses  of  transportation.  It  is  true  the  United 
States  had  made  ample  provision  for  each  of  these  objects,  but  payment 
could  not  be  made  to  volunteers  until  they  should  be  inspected  and  mus 
tered  into  the  service.  What  the  volunteer  stood  in  need  of,  therefore, 
was  a  friendly  hand  to  advance  to  him,  or  to  the  proper  officer  for  his 
use,  the  amount  of  these  necessary  expenses  until  being  accepted  into  the 
service  of  the  United  States,  he  should  receive  from  the  paymaster  his 
due  allowance  for  these  expenses,  out  of  which  he  would  thus  be  enabled 
to  replace  the  money  advanced  for  his  benefit. 

Such  wore  a  few  of  the  obstacles  that,  according  to  the  predictions  of 
some,  threatened  to  prevent  the  raising  by  the  time  required  of  Indiana's 
quota  of  troops. 

Kut  those  and  all  other  difficulties  were  met  and  overcome*  princi 
pally  from  tho  ranks  of  our  young  -HUMI.  who  are  their  country's  defense 


in  the  hour  of  danger,  and  its  pride  and  hope  in  the  time  of  peace.  They 
flew  to  the  standard  of  their  country  with  an  alacrity  and  enthusiasm 
that  challenge  our  admiration  and  prove  that  when  allowed  to  share  in 
the  perils  of  the  battle  field,  their  bravery  is  destined  to  shed  an  addi 
tional  lustre  on  the  brilliant  victories  which  have  already  crowned  our 
arms.  By  the  10th  of  June,  only  eighteen  days  from  the  issuing  of  the 
proclamation,  the  whole  thirty  companies  were  reported  to  the  Executive, 
and  within  a  few  days  after  twenty-two  additional  companies  were  offered 
ready  for  service.  Their  disappointment  was  great  when  informed  that 
the  requisition  was  already  full,  and  that  the  services  of  no  more  troops 
could  be  received  from  Indiana.  Many  other  companies  in  various  parts 
of  the  State,  and  in  different  stages  of  organization,  were,  much  to  their 
regret,  compelled  to  disband  on  receipt  of  this  intelligence. 

Our  three  regiments  were  concentrated  at  New  Albany,  not  only  in 
ample  time,  in  the  opinion  of  the  proper  officers  of  the  regular  army,  but 
from  two  to  three  weeks  sooner  than  the  means  of  their  transportation 
by  steamers  could  be  furnished  by  the  United  States. 

An  arrangement  was  made  with  several  branches  of  the  State  Bank 
by  which  they  agreed  to  advance  on  the  draft  of  the  Executive  means  to 
aid  in  clothing,  subsisting  and  transporting  the  volunteers,  looking  to  the 
government  for  repayment  The  whole  sum  drawn  by  the  Executive  under 
this  arrangement  was  $5,218.78.  of  which  $3,718.78  was  drawn  from  the 
Indianapolis  branch,  and  the  residue,  being  $1.500,  from  that  at  Madison. 
The  whole  amount  drawn  was  applied  to  the  objects  in  question,  except 
ing  $47.78  of  the  last  named  sum,  which,  remaining  unexpended,  has  been 
returned  to  the  Madison  branch,  leaving  yet  due  to  that  institution 

As  the  only  payment  made  by  the  United  States  to  the  volunteers 
before  they  left  Indiana,  was  for  clothing,  no  part  of  that  was  retained 
to  pay  the  money  advanced  to  them  for  other  objects,  unless  with  their 
own  consent.  If  objection  was  made  and  after  full  explanation  persisted 
in  by  a  single  volunteer,  the  retention  as  to  the  entire  company  of  which 
he  was  a  member  was  necessarily  deferred  until  the  time  of  receiving  the 
allowance  specially  made  for  such  objects. 

Some  companies  not  needing  the  whole  of  their  clothing  pay  for  imme 
diate  use,  consented  to  the  retention,  in  some  cases  of  the  whole,  in  others 
of  a  part  of  what  was  due  from  them,  it  making  no  difference  to  them  in 
the  end,  out  of  what  payment  it  should  be  retained. 

Under  this  regulation  there  was  retained,  with  the  consent  of  the 
volunteers,  for  the  loan  advanced  by  the  branch  at  Indianapolis,  $3,108.59 
before  the  troops  left  New  Albany,  which  has  since  been  duly  paid  over 
and  credited  on  the  books  of  the  bank,  leaving  a  balance  due  to  it  of 
$610.19,  amounting,  with  the  balance  due  to  the  branch  at  Madison,  to 

The  Executive  was  also  officially  advised  that  the  branch  at  Fort 
Wayne  advanced  from  $1,200  to  $1,300  (the  precise  sum  not  being  now 
recollected)  to  an  agent  appointed  for  that  purpose  by  that  institution,  by 
whom  it  was  expended  for  the  benefit  of  the  two  companies  raised  at 
that  place.  The  branch  at  Lawrenceburg  also  advanced  $740  for  the  com 
pany  raised  in  Dearborn  County,  which  it  is  understood  has  been  repaid, 


although  no  formal  communication  to  that  effect  has  been  received  from 
the  branch. 

Measures  have  been  taken  by  the  Paymaster-General,  and  by  a  letter 
addressed  to  Brigadier-General  Lane  of  the  Indiana  volunteers,  to  have  the 
balance  due  the  branches  at  Madison,  Indianapolis  and  Fort  Wayne  re 
tained  out  of  the  moneys  provided  by  the  United  States  for  the  expenses 
of  the  volunteers,  to  whose  uses  the  advances  were  applied.  But  as  some 
delay  may  occur  before  this  can  be  done,  as  some  of  it  may  never  be  re 
ceived  on  account  of  deaths  or  discharges  from  the  service  before  pay 
ment,  and  as  some  interest  will  be  due  on  the  loans,  it  is  recommended 
that  an  appropriation  be  early  made  to  cover  the  whole  amount  due. 

This  course  is  the  more  proper,  as  with  but  one  exception  these  ad 
vances  were  made  on  the  faith  of  the  State,  and  the  amount  hereafter 
retained  would,  in  case  of  an  appropriation,  be  paid  into  the  State 

Before  closing  this  topic  it  is  felt  to  be  due  to  the  character  of  our 
citizens  to  publicly  acknowledge  the  numerous  instances  in  which  many  of 
the  volunteers  were  promptly  supplied  by  their  generous  and  patriotic 
neighbors  with  clothing,  provisions,  wagons  for  their  transportation  and 
with  refreshment  on  their  way  to  the  place  of  rendezvous.  This  was  the 
more  creditable,  as  generally  speaking,  no  remuneration  for  these  deeds 
of  kindness  was  expected,  and  it  could  hardly  be  hoped  that  they  would 
ever  be  heard  of  beyond  the  bounds  of  a  limited  acquaintance. 

The  moneys  drawn  to  aid  in  raising  the  troops  were  disbursed  from 
time  to  time,  according  to  a  prescribed  plan,  on  accounts  and  vouchers 
regularly  and  systematically  rendered,  which  are  filed  away  and  open  for 

Documents  relating  to  the  military  operations  referred  to  are  hereby 

By  the  accompanying  report  of  the  Adjutant-General  it  will  be  seen 
that  the  business  of  that  office  has  greatly  increased  within  the  past,  as 
compared  with  the  preceding  year.  The  letters  received  and  answered  by 
him  in  the  year  1845  amounted  to  but  sixty-five,  while  they  amounted  to 
724  in  1840.  The  commissions  ordered  and  forwarded  through  his  office 
in  the  former  year  amounted  to  but  125,  while  in  the  latter  year  they 
amounted  to  1,320.  Deducting  from  this  number  the  224  commissions 
issued  to  the  volunteers  sent  to  the  seat  of  war,  and  to  the  additional 
companies  raised  for  that  service,  but  not  received,  and  still  the  increase 
of  the  number  of  commissions  issued  in  the  year  1840  over  those  issued 
in  1845  shows  that  the  war  in  which  the  United  States  are  engaged  has 
excited  a  strong  and  growing  military  feeling  throughout  the  State.  It 
is  well  worthy  of  your  consideration  whether  this  state  of  things  does  not 
indicate  a  call  on  the  part  of  the  people  for  an  organization  of  the  militia. 

Deeply  as  a  state  of  war  with  any  nation  is  to  be  regretted,  there  is 
no  alternative  unless  a  disposition  for  peace  is  manifested  on  both  sides. 

Many  who  feel  indifferent  or  even  averse  to  such  an  organization  in 
a  state  of  peace  regard  it  as  necessary  in  time  of  war.  It  is  uncertain 
how  soon  another  call  may  be  made  on  us  for  additional  forces.  Had  our 
militia  been  organized  at  the  time  it  is  evident  that  the  raising  of  our 
troops  would  have  been  facilitated  and  hastened  by  merely  calling  on  the 


proper  officers  to  order  out  their  respective  commands  and  beat  up  for 
volunteers  on  parade,  thus  saving  much  time  and  securing  the  advantage 
of  the  force  of  example  and  the  enthusiasm  of  numbers. 

Another  advantage  attending  such  an  organization  would  be  found  in 
its  enabling  the  State  to  return  our  full  military  strength  to  the  War  De 
partment  as  a  basis  on  which  to  draw  our  quota  of  the  public  arms. 

As  they  are  now  drawn  on  the  last  return  made,  in  1832,  we  are  an 
nually  deprived  of  more  than  one-half  of  the  arms  to  which  we  are  en 
titled,  arising  to  the  great  increase  in  our  population  since  that  time. 

Your  more  extended  opportunities,  however,  have  better  enabled  you 
to  ascertain  the  public  will  upon  this  subject,  by  which  we  should  be 

While  speaking  of  the  increased  labors  of  the  Adjutant-General  during 
the  past  year,  it  is  due  to  that  officer  to  express  my  deep  sense  of  the  im 
portant  aid  received  from  him  in  the  raising  of  our  volunteers.  So  press 
ing  were  the  duties  of  his  office,  and  so  unremitting  were  his  exertions 
from  the  time  the  call  upon  Indiana  was  first  made  until  our  troops 
were  embarked  at  New  Albany  (to  which  place  we  had  repaired  on  their 
concentration  at  that  point),  that  his  entire  time  was  necessarily  with 
drawn  from  his  ordinary  avocations.  Having  no  clerical  assistance,  his 
nights  during  that  period  were  generally  devoted,  until  a  late  hour,  to  the 
public  service.  The  far  greater  part  of  his  time  since  has  been  occupied 
with  his  military  correspondence.  I  commend  him  to  your  favorable  con 
sideration  for  an  additional  compensation  for  these  services,  and  also,  in 
view  of  the  present  and  prospective  increase  of  his  regular  duties,  that  his 
salary  be  also  increased. 

By  the  report  of  the  Quartermaster-General,  herewith  submitted,  it 
will  appear  that  since  his  last  annual  report  he  has  succeeded  in  collect 
ing  arms  distributed  previously  to  the  year  1842,  and  for  which  bonds  ap 
pear  not  to  have  been  taken,  to  the  amount  of  793  pieces,  consisting  of 
muskets,  rifles,  sabres  and  pistols,  and  that  there  have  been  repaired  dur 
ing  the  same  period  1,176  pieces  of  similar  description,  besides  400  hol 
sters  and  cartridge  boxes;  all  of  which  have  thus  been  rendered  fit  for 
actual  service.  It  will  also  be  seen  that  by  receiving  a  portion  of  oui' 
quota  of  public  arms  from  the  ordnance  office,  in  cavalry,  rifle  and  in 
fantry  accoutrements,  to  replace  such  as  had  been  lost  or  destroyed,  a 
number  of  arms  to  which  they  are  made  appurtenant  have  thus  at  a  com 
paratively  small  expense  been  rendered  available  for  service.  The  sug 
gestions  in  the  same  report  as  to  security  and  transportation  of  the  public 
arms,  are  respectfully  urged  upon  your  consideration.  The  fidelity  and 
energy  of  this  officer  in  the  discharge  of  his  official  duties  are  worthy  of 
commendation,  and  as  his  labors  are  now  much  greater  than  formerly,  it 
is  submitted  whether  he  is  not  also  entitled  to  an  increase  of  compensa 

Arms  have  hitherto  been  distributed  in  the  order  in  which  they  are 
applied  for  by  organized  companies.  It  is  recommended  that  this  rule  be  so 
modified  by  law  as  in  all  cases  to  give  the  preference  to  such  companies 
as  may  pledge  themselves  to  stand  ready  for  actual  service  at  the  first 
call  of  their  country. 



Indiana,  SentincJ,  December  8,  1846. 

Before  closing  this  topic  it  is  felt  to  be  due  to  the  character  of  our 
citizens  to  publicly  acknowledge  the  numerous  instances  in  which  many  of 
the  volunteers  were  promptly  supplied  by  their  generous  and  patriotic  neigh 
bors  with  clothing,  provisions,  wagons  for  their  transportation  and  with 
refreshments  on  their  way  to  the  place  of  rendezvous.  This  was  the  more 
creditable  as,  generally  speaking,  no  remuneration  for  these  deeds  of  kind 
ness  was  accepted,  and  it  could  scarcely  be  hoped  that  they  would  ever 
bo  heard  of  beyond  the  bounds  of  a  limited  acquaintance. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  December  8,  1846. 

While  speaking  of  the  increased  labors  of  the  Adjutant-General  during 
the  past  year  it  is  due  to  that  officer  to  express  my  deep  sense  of  the  im 
portant  aid  received  from  him  in  the  raising  of  our  volunteers.  So  press 
ing  were  the  duties  of  his  office  and  so  unremitting  were  his  exertions 
from  the  time  the  call  upon  Indiana  was  first  made  until  our  troops  were 
embarked  at  New  Albany  (to  which  place  he  had  repaired  on  their  con 
centration  ut  that  point),  that  his  entire  time  was  necessarily  withdrawn 
from  his  ordinary  avocations.  Having  no  clerical  assistance,  his  nights 
during  that  period  were  generally  devoted  until  a  late  hour  to  the  public 
service.  The  far  greater  part  of  his  time  since  has  been  occupied  with  his 
military  correspondence.  I  commend  him  to  your  favorable  consideration 
for  an  additional  compensation  for  these  services,  and  also  in  view  of  the 
present  and  prospective  increase  of  his  regular  duties,  that  his  salary  be 
also  increased. 


New  Orleans  Picayune,  December  8,  1846. 

Captain  John  S.  Simonson,  Company  G,  Mounted  Riflemen,  arrived 
yesterday  with  his  command,  numbering  seventy-seven  men,  rank  and  file. 
Lieutenants  Taylor,  Russell,  Gibbs  and  Frost  also  came  down  with  the 
command,  but  we  are  unable  to  say  which  of  these  gentlemen  properly 
belong  to  the  company.  The  troop  landed  at  Lafayette  and  rode  through 
the  city  to  the  barracks,  making  a  very  fine  appearance.  The  corps  is 
composed  of  sturdy  looking  young  men  and  all  are  well  mounted. 



Indiana  Sentinel,  December  11,  1846. 

JEFFERSON  BARRACKS.  Mo.,  December  10,  1846. 

DEAR  CHAPLAIN — Some  ten  or  twelve  days  ago  I  found  time  to  com 
mence  an  epistle  to  you.  It  was  in  the  evening  and  I  had  got  as  far  as 
the  third  page  when  I  was  called  from  my  room  for  a  few  minutes.  On 
my  return  I  found  my  room  full  of  smoke,  paper  and  newspapers,  let 
ters,  books,  sealing  wax,  etc..  all  burning  as  finely  as  if  they  had  been 
an  accepted  offering  and  my  table  the  altar  dedicated  to  old  Pluto  him 
self.  All  that  remained  of  my  letter  to  you  was  ashes  and  smoke.  I  very 
much  regret  it.  for  that  letter  was  one  of  the  best  I  had  ever  written. 
*  *  *  The  first  fact  I  have-  to  relate  is  that  I  have  been  quite  sick, 
and  in  that  fact  and  the  foregoing  I  fancy  you  Can  find  reasons  for  my 
apparent  long  neglect  of  yourself.  I  am  on  my  pins  now,  however,  and 
shall  endeavor  to  do  better  hereafter. 

The  mounted  riflemen,  seven  companies  of  whom  were  here,  have 
nearly  all  left  for  the  seat  of  war.  The  companies  which  have  left  are 
Captain  Sanderson's  company  (B),  Captain  Crittenden's  company  (E), 
which  left  about  two  weeks  ago;  Captain  Simonson's  company  (G),  which 
left  ft  week  ago,  and  Captain  Pope's  company  (D),  which  left  this  morn 
ing.  The  companies  remaining  are  Captain  Loring's  (A),  Captain  Back- 
enstoss's  (H),  Captain  Tucker's  (K),  Captain  Ruff's  company  (I)  is  not 
yet  recruited.  Companies  C  and  F,  Captains  Mason  and  Walker,  have 
been  in  Mexico  some  time.  The  above  comprises  the  whole  of  this  fine 
regiment,  and  you  will  no  doubt  be  gratified  to  learn  that  about  three 
hundred,  or  more  than  one-third  of  the  entire  regiment,  were  recruited 
in  Indiana.  Captain  Crittenden's,  Captain  Simonson's  and  Captain  Tuck 
er's  companies  are  composed  entirely  of  Indianians.  The  first  was  re 
cruited  by  Lieutenant  Tipton  at  Logansport,  and  many  Indiana  recruits 
were  attached  to  other  companies.  Add  to  these  Lieutenant  Kearney's 
Dragoons,  of  whom  he  raised  111  in  Indiana,  and  the  three  regiments  of 
volunteers,  and  Indiana  is  as  well,  if  not  better,  represented  in  the  field, 
both  as  to  number  and  character,  as  any  State  in  the  Union,  notwith 
standing  her  great  distance  from  the  scene  of  action  and  her  want  of  di 
rect  interest  in  the  cause  of  the  war. 

The  clothing,  arms  and  equipments  for  the  men  have  all  been  re 
ceived  and  nothing  detains  the  companies  remaining  here  but  the  want  of 
horses,  saddles,  etc.  These  will  undoubtedly  be  furnished  within  a  few 
days,  as  the  most  of  them  are  already  purchased  or  manufactured.  Cap 
tain  Loring's  company  leaves  tomorrow  and  all  are  reported  to  be  off  in 
eight  or  ten  days. 

The  arms  are  equal  to  the  best  ever  manufactured  in  this  or  I  will 
venture  to  ?ay.  in  any  other  country.  They  tell  well  for  her  great  progress 
in  the  important  art  of  manufacturing  firearms  and  cutlery.  They  con 
sist  of  the  sabre  and  the  rifle.  The  former  was  made  at  Ames's  great  es 
tablishment.  Springfield,  Mass.:  the  latter  were  m-ide  at  the  National 
Foundry  at  Harper's  Ferry,  and  is  without  exception  the  handsomest 
piece  of  firearms  I  have  ever  seen.  It  is  brass  mounted  on  a  black  walnut 
stock.  32-inch  barrel,  percussion  lock,  steel  brass-tipped  ramrod  and  car 
ries  a  ball  of  about  twenty  to  the  pound.  The  men  are  delighted  with 


them  and  the  Hoosiers  are  determined  to  take  the  first  opportunity  to 
prove  that  in  handling  the  rifle  they  are  to  the  manner  born,  and  woe  to 
the  Mexicans  on  whom  they  draw  "fine  sights." 

Major  Burbridge  and  staff  left  today  for  New  Orleans  to  hasten  prep 
arations  for  transportation  to  Point  Isabel,  where  the  regiment  will  ren 
dezvous  with  the  view  of  proceeding  immediately  to  Tampico,  thence  to 
San  Luis  Potosi,  a  right — and  then,  ho  for  the  Halls  of  Montezuma. 

The  health  of  the  troops  has  been  very  good.  Of  the  dragoons,  rifle 
men  and  infantry  there  have  been  between  500  and  000  men  here  nearly 
all  the  fall,  and  yet  there  has  not  been  much  sickness  and  but  six  deaths. 
Of  these  four  were  Indianians,  belonging  to  the  mounted  riflemen,  namely : 
Henry  Cole  and  John  R.  Bancroft  of  Company  K,  who  enlisted  at  Lafay 
ette,  and  -  -  Piircell  and  -  -  Phipps,  of  Company  E,  who  were  en 
listed  at  Logansport.  They  were  buried  with  military  honors  in  the 
graveyard,  which  is  beautifully  situated  a  few  hundred  yards  below  the 
barracks  and  as  many  back  from  the  river  on  gently  rolling  hills,  and  is 
ornamented  with  various  trees  standing  as  they  were  planted  by  "Nature's 
canny  hand." 

The  weather  within  a  few  days  has  undergone  a  great  change ;  from 
the  mild  balmy  atmosphere  of  the  Indian  summer  to  the  utmost  rigors  of 
winter.  A  few  days'  rain  wound  up  with  a  snowstorm  and  we  now  have 
some  six  or  eight  inches  of  snow.  The  river  has  risen  about  eight  feet 
and  continues  to  rise.  This,  with  the  indications  which  we  have  today  of 
milder  weather,  bids  fair  to  keep  the  river  open  for  some  time. 

In  consequence  of  the  storm  we  have  had  no  mail  for  four  days.  The 
high  waters  in  the  creeks  on  the  other  side  of  St.  Louis  prevent  its  ar 
rival  there,  and  we  must  wait  here  until  it  comes  along  in  the  regular 
course.  I  therefore  miss  the  wholesome  and  regular  Sentinel,  which  please 
continue  to  forward  as  heretofore.  Yours  truly, 

C.  A. 

Indiana  Sentinel,  December  22,  1846. 


In  the  Third  Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers  as  furnished  to  Major  Mor 
rison  by  Adjutant  Daily,  under  date  of  Camp  Clarke,  November  3,  1840 


Names.  Date  of  Death.  Rank. 

J.  W.  Sims Aug.  23 Private. 

Joseph  Turner Sept.    4 " 

John  Service Sept.  13 

Israel  Winkler Sept.  16 

Robert  Black Sept.  18 " 

R.  A.  Givens Aug.     7 " 

John  Moore Oct .    10 " 

John  Eller Oct.   — .  .  1st  Lieut. 

James  Smith Aug.    9 Private. 



Simon  Habble Aug.    9 Corporal. 

Stephen  Glassburn Oct .    14 Private. 

Elsey  Mathes Sept,  23 ' 2d  Lieut. 


Alfred  Cook Sept.  29 Private. 

Jackson  Waltz Oct.   10 " 

William  Terry Oct.   31 


Caleb  C.  Bidwell July   13 Private. 

Rees  Brummit July  25 " 

Joshua  Brummit,  Sr July  28 Corporal. 

John  Hollowell July  27 '. Private. 

A.  Lawless Aug.  30 

William  Davis Sept.  13 


Thomas  Beaty July  31 Private. 

A.  Pruett Aug.  17 

Edward  Hammer Sept.  20 " 

Philip  Love* Oct.   9    Sergeant. 


John  Myer July     8 Private. 

-  Brown Aug.     2 " 

Humphrey  Neal Sept.    5 " 

Wm.  B.  Custer Oct.   23 " 


Shadrack  Arnett July  24 Private. 

Philip  Kesler July  27 " 

David  McMahan July   18 

Lewis  Moore July   19 '' 

Oliver  Strain Oct.   27 " 

Wm.  W.  Aldridge Sept.    9 2d  Lieut, 


Truman  H.  Crossf July  11 Corporal. 

Frederick  Branneck Sept.  14 Private. 

Thos.  D.  Forsythe Sept.  29 


Moses  Prior Sept,    1 Private. 

Henry  Inman :  .  .  Sept,    3 

T.  G.  Congor Sept.  24 

Jonathan  Walton.  .  .  .Oct.    17.  . 

*Murdered.  f  Drowned. 




New  Orleans  Picayune,  December  24,  1846. 

United  States  Steamship  Alabama,  Captain  Windle,  left  last  night  for 
Brazos  Santiago,  and  it  is  believed  she  will  immediately  proceed  from 
thence  to  Tampico.  General  Scott  and  staff  were  passengers  on  board. 
Company  A,  United  States  Mounted  Riflemen,  Captain  Loring  and  Lieu 
tenants  Morris  and  Palmer;  Company  B,  Captain  Sanderson  and  Lieuten 
ant  Gordon ;  Company  D,  Captain  Pope  and  Lieutenants  Claiborne  and 
Hawkins;  Company  E,  Captain  Crittenden  and  Lieutenant  May;  Com 
pany  G,  Captain  Simonson  and  Lieutenants  Russell  and  Gibbs,  also  left  on 
the  Alabama  and  are  destined  for  Tampico,  the  whole  under  the  command 
of  Major  Sumner,  Major  Burbridge  being  compelled  to  remain  here  in 
consequence  of  illness.  Lieutenants  Newton,  Tipton,  Taylor,  Lindsay  and 
Ewell  with  a  detachment  of  men  will  remain  here  for  some  days  in  order 
to  superintend  a  shipment  of  horses  belonging  to  the  companies,  which 
will  be  dispatched  at  the  earliest  possible  moment. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  December  24,  1846. 

CAMP  CLARKE,  MATAMOROS,  MEXICO,  November  19,  1846. 

*  This  evening  the  wind  is  blowing  a  hurricane  from  the  north 
and  every  fellow  is  shivering  with  cold  and  the  tents  are  one-third  blown 
down,  ropes  broken,  canvas  torn,  pins  given  way,  and  there  is  a  general 
scampering  among  the  boys.  We  have  but  ten  men  in  the  hospital  sick 
and  they  are  mostly  recovering.  Our  regiment  is  in  a  fine  state  of  mili 
tary  discipline  and  is  as  orderly  and  obedient  us  any  regulars.  Every 
one  of  the  Monroe  Guards,  except  Philip  Smith,  is  well  and  able  for  duty, 
and  Smith  is  getting  better.  He  is  discharged  and  will  start  home  in  a 
few  days. 

I  think  it  has  turned  out  pretty  well  that  we  have  been  stationed  as 
we  are,  for  now  we  can  say  with  propriety  that  our  regiment  is  among 
the  best  drilled  and  disciplined  regiments  in  the  service.  Their  health  is 
now  recruited  finely  and  the  vigorous  nerves  of  our  farmer  boys  are  be 
ginning  to  show  their  usual  power  and  strength.  They  make  no  parade, 
do  not  puff  and  take  on  about  a  fight,  but  they  act  like  men,  but  depend 
upon  it.  they  look  wolfish  at  Mexicans  and  the  gamblers,  and  I  believe 
they  would  just  as  soon  shoot  one  as  the  other,  the  latter  having  swindled 
M)  many  poor  soldiers  and  given  our  police  so  much  trouble  to  suppress 
this  all-prevailing  vice  in  Matamoros.  Our  boys  have  all  been  paid  off  in 
gold  for  four  months  and  they  look  and  feel  like  new  men.  G. 

SKETCHES  IN  CAMP.— No.  11. 

(By  a  Member  of  the  First  Regiment) 
Indiana  Sentinel,  December  29,  1846. 

MOUTH  OF  THE  Rio  GRANDE,  November  15,  1846. 

The  weather  is  not  so  excessively  hot  now  as  it  was  during  last 
month,  though  a  coat  is  uncomfortable  in  the  middle  of  the  day.  The 
much-talked-of  rainy  season  has  not  yet  made  its  appearance  and  it  is.  my 
candid  opinion  that  this  country  is  something  like  Indiana  in  this  respect, 
that  Nature  dictated  that  it  should  only  rain  enough  to  aid  vegetation. 

The  health  of  the  soldiers  in  the  First  Regiment  is  much  better  than 
it  has  been  in  times  past.  Disease  has  been  more  fatal  in  this  regiment 
than  any  other  in  our  brigade.  About  sixty-five  have  died  in  this  regi 
ment  since  its  organization.  Over  forty  have  died  in  the  Third  Regi 
ment,  and  I  am  informed  that  the  number  of  deaths  has  not  been  so  great 
in  the  Second  Regiment. 

The  movements  of  the  army  are  not  clearly  known  in  this  quarter, 
but  everything  here  indicates  that  great  preparations  are  making  to  carry 
on  the  war.  At  Brazos  Santiago  there  is  an  unusually  large  quantity  of 
quartermaster  and  commissary  stores,  besides  baggage  wagons  enough  to 
cover  an  acre  of  land,  if  not  more,  and  about  seventy  ships,  schooners, 
etc.,  at  anchor  or  in  the  bay.  Here  it  the  mouth  of  the  Rio  Grande  the 
landing  is  literally  crowded  with  provisions  of  various  kinds,  forage,  am 
munition,  arms  piled  up  like  cord-wood,  various  implements  of  the  pon 
toon  train,  etc.  It  is  generally  understood  by  the  officers  of  the  regular 
army  that  Tainpico  is  to  be  attacked  by  our  army,  but  whether  the  forces 
are  to  be  sent  by  land  or  water  I  am  unable  to  say.  It  is  evident,  how 
ever,  that  a  great  portion  of  the  army  will  go  by  land  from  the  Rio 
Grande.  The  great  number  of  wagons  at  this  point  and  at  Brazos  San 
tiago  will  be  needed  at  Tampico  in  case  our  army  marches  from  that 
place  to  San  Luis  Potosi,  and  it  will  be  necessary  to  send  an  escort  with 
the  wagons  to  Tampico.  A  large  train  of  wagons  is  to  leave  Brazos  Saoi- 
tiago  in  a  lew  days  for  Matamoros  and  be  accompanied  by  Captain  Mc- 
Dougall's  and  Captain  LaSalle's  companies.  It  is  supposed  that  this  is  a 
preparatory  step  to  the  march  for  Tampico. 

Wounded  soldiers  pass  here  nearly  every  day  on  their  way  home  from 
Monterey.  They  represent  matters  to  be  perfectly  quiet  at  Monterey  and 
vicinity.  The  First  and  Second  regiments  have  been  expecting  orders  to 
march  to  Tampico  every  day.  and  I  have  even  delayed  writing  to  you  for 
more  than  two  weeks,  hoping  to  inform  your  readers  that  the  Indianians 
were  to  be  called  into  active  service  where  they  could  represent  the  chival 
ry  of  their  State  in  a  manner  that  would  do  no  discredit  to  a  Teunes- 
seean  or  a  Mississippiau.  No  orders  have  yet  been  received  for  any  of 
the  Indiana  regiments  to  move  from  their  present  encampment. 

I  am  sorry  to  say  that  some  men  have  blamed  our  officers  because 
we  were  still  kept  upon  this  sand-hill  and  not  inarched  into  the  enemy's 
country.  All  such  accusations  are  unjust.  General  Joseph  Lane  has  used 
every  exertion  in  his  power  to  have  the  Indiana  brigade  ordered  to  take 
up  their  line  of  march  to  the  scene  of  action,  and  if  he  does  not  succeed 
it  will  not  be  his  fault.  Colonel  Drake  has  frequently  urged  the  claims  of 


the  First  Regiment  to  participate  in  fighting  the  battles  of  our  country. 
Major  Henry  S.  Lane,  notwithstanding  his  health  has  been  poor  for  a 
considerable  time,  has  never  failed  to  do  everything  that  his  position 
would  justify  to  urge  the  claims  of  the  First  Regiment  to  do  active  serv 
ice,  as  well  as  to  testify  in  favor  of  its  ability.  Should  we  ever  be  called 
into  action  I  have  no  doubt  that  the  conduct  of  these  gentlemen  will  be 
a  triumphant  refutation  of  the  charges  made  against  them. 



From  "Campai(/n  in  Mexico'1  Isaac  Reed,  Fourth  Indiana,  December,  18.'f6. 
The  First  Indiana  Regiment  garrisoned  at  Matamoros,  where  the  men 
became  much  more  perfect  in  drill,  and  their  good  conduct  was  a  suffi 
cient  vindication  against  the  many  slanders  that  were  uttered  against 
them.  Lieutenant-Colonel  Nave  resigned  his  commission,  which  resigna 
tion  was  accepted.  Major  Henry  S.  Lane  was  elected  Lieutenant-Colonel, 
and  Sergeant  William  Donaldson,  of  the  Fountain  Riflemen,  Major. 


The  Bedford  Kim.  January  ,7, 

CAMP  BELKNAP,  December  5,  1846. 

For  the  first  time  since  my  departure  I  sit  down  to  address  you  a 
few  lines.  *  *  * 

I  will  say  something  now  about  our  situation  and  our  prospect  for 
active  service.  Two  regiments  of  our  brigade  will  leave  in  the  course  of 
a  few  days  for  Monterey,  the  Second  and  Third.  The  First  is  still  sta 
tioned  at  the  mouth  of  the  Rio  Grande  and  is  likely  to  remain  there.  We 
now  begin  to  think  we  shall  have  some  share  of  the  fighting;  but  once 
we  thought  it  a  bad  chance.  In  fact,  we  almost  began  to  think  that  Old 
Rough  and  Ready  did  not  want  us  at  all,  or  that  there  were  no  such 
beings  in  the  world.  The  boys  looked  very  sour  in  those  days.  You  would 
have  thought  some  of  them  would  have  given  45  cents  out  of  50  and 
risked  living  on  the  remainder  to  have  been  in  the  battle  of  Monterey. 

All  is  cheerfulness  now,  however,  and  they  are  much  elated  with  the 
speedy  prospects  of  moving  into  the  interior  of  Mexico.  I  cannot  tell  you 
to  what  point  we  are  going,  but  think  it  very  probable  we  will  join  Gen 
eral  Taylor  and  move  towards  Vera  Cruz,  though  I  am  in  the  dark  at  this 
time.  This  much  is  certain;  we  are  to  embark  on  the  steamboat  for 
Camargo  and  go  from  thence  to  Saltillo  by  way  of  Monterey  by  land. 
Where  next  I  know  not.  Our  regiment  is  yet  in  good  order.  We  have 
over  700  men  and  have  lost  only  thirty-one  by  death. 

The  boys  in  my  company  are  generally  well,  except  some  few  cases 
of  mumps.  We  will  not  bo  compelled  to  leave  over  six  for  sickness  when 
we  move  and  they  will  be  left  at  Matamoros.  As  I  have  nothing  further 
of  interest  to  communicate,  I  will  now  close. 

COL.    W.   A.    BOWLES 



Al ul amor os  Flag,  January  11,  1847. 

The  First  Indiana,  under  Colonel- Drake,  reached  here,  yesterday  from 
Camargo  and  will  immediately  relieve  the  Third  Ohio,  occupying  this  post, 
who  await  the  orders  of  General  Scott.  Two  companies  of  the  Indiana 
regiment.  Captains  Wilson  raid  Evans  commanding,  are  to  be  stationed  at 
the  mouth  of  the  river,  the  remainder  to  be  posted  in  and  around  the  city. 



From  "Campaign  in  Me.rico."  Ixuac  Reed,  First  Indiana,  January,  1847. 
The  First  Ohio  Regiment  and  the  Louisville  Legion  left  Camp  Butler 
(which  was  at  the  rancho  Gonzales)  on  the  1st  of  January,  1847.  This 
left  the  Second  and  Third  Indiana  regiments  the  sole  occupants  of  the 
encampment.  Colonel  Bowles,  who  had  been  absent  for  some  time,  ar 
rived  at  the  camp  on  the  4th  of  January  and  again  took  command  of  his 
regiment.  Captain  C.  C.  Graham,  assistant  commissary,  and  Captain  Will 
iam  Walker  arrived  at  about  the  same  time.  On  the  9th  of  January  the 
greater  part  of  General  Worth's  division  commenced  the  march  for  the 
Rio  Grande,  in  obedience  to  the  order  of  Major-General  Scott.  General 
Worth  left  on  the  10th.  when  Major-General  Butler  assigned  the  com 
mand  of  Saltillo  to  Brigadier-General  Lane.  General  Lane  ordered  the 
Second  and  Third  Indiana  regiments  to  occupy  Saltillo;  the  latter  moved 
into  the  city  on  the  llth.  and  the  former  on  the  12th.  News  was  re 
ceived  which  seemed  to  indicate  that  the  enemy  was  advancing.  The  Ken 
tucky  cavalry  and  the  Second  Kentucky  Regiment,  being  ordered  to  Sal 
tillo.  repaired  to  that  place  in  great  haste. 

SKETCHES  IN  CAMP.— No.  12. 

Indiana  Sentinel,  January  14,  1847. 

FIRST  REGIMENT,  MOUTH  OF  THE  Rio  GRANDE,  December  G,  1846. 

The  camp  has  been  in  a  state  of  suspense  until  quite  recently.  The 
Alabamians  have  come  down  the  river  and  are  going  to  Tampico  by  water. 
A  part  of  the  Third  and  Fourth  regiments  of  Illinois  arrived  here  from 
Camargo  a  few  days  since,  but  have  been  ordered  back  to  Matamoros. 
probably  to  go  with  the  wagon  train  to  Tampico.  A  company  of  miners, 
sappers  and  pontooniers  have  also  come  here  and  encamped.  Their  des 
tination  is  Tampico.  Company  F  of  the  Fourth  Artillery  that  left  here 
some  days  since  arrived  safe  at  Tampico. 

General  Joseph  Lane  came  here  on  the  morning  of  the  5th  of  Decem 
ber  and  ordered  transportation  for  the  Second  and  Third  regiments  to 
Camargo,  which  was  very  promptly  furnished  by  Captain  E.  A.  Ogden, 
and  a  portion  of  the  Second  Regiment  is  now  on  its  way  to  that  place. 


The  men  of  the  First  Regiment  were  very  much  dissatisfied  with  their 
rate,  for  I  assure  yon  that  all  are  anxious  to  be  off  of  the  sand-hill  to 
some  favored  spot  and  to  advance  upon  the  enemy.  The  camp  presented 
a  more  gloomy  appearance  than  it  had  at  any  time  since  we  had  to  wade 
sines.  But  the  scene  soon  changed.  Soon  after  dark  Major  Henry  S. 
Lane  arrived  from  Matamoros  bringing  the  cheering  news  that  General 
Patterson  was  about  to  issue  an  order  to  have  the  First  Regiment  re 
moved  to  (1amargo.  The  next  morning  (the  5th)  Lieutenant  Robinson, 
aid  to  General  Lane,  came  here  and  communicated  facts  that  left  no  doubt 
that  the  First  Regiment  would  go  to  Camargo.  Whether  the  Indiana  Bri 
gade  is  to  go  for  the  purpose  of  advancing  farther  into  the  interior  I  can 
not  tell,  but  I  see  no  good  reason  why  the  Indianians  should  be  kept  back 
while  troops  that  arrived  some  time  after  us  have  been  suffered  to  ad 
vance,  and  even  raw  recruits  of  the  regular  army  have  been  passed  by  us. 
In  my  humble  opinion  every  State  that  had  troops  in  the  field  should  have 
had  a  representation  in  the  battle  of  Monterey.  The  States  that  raised 
troops  had  a  right  to  expect  nothing  else. 

The  climate  is  still  very  mild.  We  have  had  no  freezing  weather  and 
no  cold  weather  except  when  there  was  a  north  wind.  A  greater  part  of 
the  time  it  has  been  warm  enough  to  keep  comfortable  without  a  coat.  The 
Rio  Grande  is  very  low  at  present  and  navigation  somewhat  difficult.  The 
health  of  the  regiment  is  very  good  and  but  few  have  died  recently.  Joel 
B.  Franklin  of  the  Wabash  Rangers  died  very  suddenly  on  the  5th  inst. 
He  was  a  little  indisposed  and  after  lying  down  a  few  minutes,  died.  The 
cause  of  his  death  was  congestion  of  the  brain. 




(Approved  January  14,  1847.) 

Section  1.  Be  it  enacted  by  the  General  Assembly  of  the  State  of 
Indiana,  That  it  shall  be  the  duty  of  the  several  county  treasurers  of  this 
State  in  which  companies  of  volunteers  for  the  Mexican  War  have  been 
raised  and  ordered  on,  in  which  there  is  any  tax,  either  county  or  State, 
levied  and  charged  against  any  one  or  more  of  said  volunteers,  privates 
and  non-commissioned  officers,  to  make  out  a  certified  list  of  the  names 
and  the  amounts  of  county  and  State  tax  against  each  of  said  persons ; 
and  that  the  said  treasurers  shall  present  the  said  certified  list  of  the 
State  tax  to  the  Treasurer  of  State,  who  shall  thereupon  enter  a  credit 
for  said  amount ;  and  the  said  treasurers  shall  each  file  with  the  county 
auditor  of  their  respective  counties  a  certified  list  of  the  name  and  amounts 
of  county  tax  charged  as  aforesaid.  Said  list  to  be  laid  before  the  board 
doing  county  business  in  and  for  said  counties,  whose  duty  it  shall  be  to 
enter  to  the  credit  of  said  treasurers  the  said  amounts. 

Sec.  2.  That  it  shall  be  the  duty  of  said  treasurers  to  enter  a  re 
ceipt  upon  their  tax  books  for  the  amount  of  each  man's  tax,  and  that  the 


same  shall  operate  as  a  final  release  to  each  and  every  one  of  said  volun 
teers  for  said  amount. 

Sec.  3.  This  act  to  take  effect  and  be  in  force  from  and  after  its 
passage  and  publication  in  the  State  Sentinel ;  and  it  is  'hereby  made  the 
duty  of  the  Secretary  of  State  to  forward  a  certified  copy  of  this  act  to 
each  of  the  counties  of  this  State  on  or  before  the  first  day  of  January 


(Approved  January  14,  1847.) 
Poll  Tax  Remitted. 

Section  1.  Be  it  enacted  by  the  General  Assembly  of  the  State  of 
Indiana.  That  the  volunteers  from  this  State  who  are  now  in  the  service 
of  the  United  States,  in  Mexico,  or  who  have  been  discharged  from  said 
service,  and  who  have  had  a  poll  tax  assessed  against  them  for  the  year 
1846.  be  and  the  same  is  hereby  cancelled  and  remitted. 

Sec.  2.  This  act  to  take  effect  and  be  in  force  from  and  after  its 


State  Journal,  January  22,  1847. 

We  have  been  permitted  to  make  the  following  extract  from  a  letter 
written  by  Lieutenant  Lew  Wallace  to  his  father : 

CAMARGO,  MEXICO,  December  19.  1846. 

DEAR  FATHER — The  sudden  and  unexpected  departure  of  Mr.  A.  Y. 
Cuddiugton,  an  honorably  discharged  member  of  our  company,  enables  me 
to  write  to  you  once  more. 

We  have  had  some  horrible  weather.  There  was  no  rain  or  mud,  no 
excessive  downpouring  of  the  sun,  but  merely  a  wind  which  blew  all  day 
raising  such  clouds  of  dust  that  no  one  could  see  or  breathe.  Neither 
houses  nor  tents  could  afford  shelter. 

Ever  since  our  arrival  we  have  been  busily  employed  preparing  for 
a  forced  inarch  to  Monterey.  Night  and  day  we  have  been  occupied.  We 
have  caught  and  broken  120  wild  mules  to  the  wagons  which  carry  our 
baggage  and  provisions,  had  a  complete  re-outfit  in  arms,  canteens,  etc.. 
/i nd  after  a  deal  of  terrible  work  and  confusion  will  find  ourselves  on  the 
road  to  Monterey  at  10  o'clock  today. 

We  have  had  to  proceed  with  caution  and  speed.  From  sundry  such 
persons  as  spies  we  learn  that  the  Mexicans  are  in  the  neighborhood  of 
our  route  in  considerable  strength,  and  that  we  shall  have  a  fight  or  skir 
mish  along  the  road  is  quite  probable,  but  that  we  shall  mingle  in  an  en 
gagement  beyond  Saltillo  somewhere  is  settled  beyond  all  doubt  or  uncer 

About  a  month  ago  General  Taylor  received  a  polite  note  from  Santa 


Anna  stating  that  he  had  13,000  cavalry  and  30,000  infantry  troops  ready 
equipped  for  the  field  and  requesting  the  former  to  meet  him  anywhere  he 
pleased.  General  Taylor  very  characteristically  replied  that  he  would  cer 
tainly  comply  with  his  invitation  as  soon  as  he  could  concentrate  10,000 
men  at  Monterey.  Besides  this,  of  whose  correctness  there  is  no  doubt, 
from  the  urgent  style  and  tone  of  all  the  old  General's  late  orders  and 
dispatches,  no  one  can  infer  aught  else  than  that  there  is  either  a  battle 
to  be  fought  or  a  sioge  withstood  somewhere  in  the  interior,  at  what  post 
we  cannot  at  this  period  judge.  Of  this  fact  there  is  no  doubt,  namely, 
that  from  late  indications  we  are  thrusting  ourselves  into  a  position  more 
dangerous  than  most  persons  would  like  to  imagine.  As  he  has  openly 
avowed,  Santa  Anna's  policy  is  to  draw  the  army  into  the  interior,  and  he 
has  succeeded  most  admirably.  Taylor's  advanced  corps  is  already  seven 
or  eight  hundred  miles  from  the  mouth  of  the  Rio  Grande  and  to  oppose 
the  projected  march  of  the  Mexicans  he  has  been  necessarily  compelled  to 
weaken  the  garrisons  at  the  various  posts  whose  possession  is  vitally  es 
sential  to  his  line  of  communication.  Reynosa,  situated  between  Mata- 
moros  and  Camargo,  commands  the  whole  river,  and  has  not  a  man  to 
occupy  it.  A  battery  of  four  guns  would  sweep  the  river  so  effectually 
that  not  a  handful  of  provisions  could  be  conveyed  to  the  troops  in  Monte 
rey  and  Saltillo  for  six  months.  Thus  the  whole  of  us  would  have  to 
capitulate  or  starve.  Indeed,  the  only  thing  under  Heaven  which  can  save 
us  is  the  speedy  arrival  of  more  troops  from  the  States.  If  New  York  and 
Pennsylvania  send  us  their  quotas  we  can  march  ahead  in  perfect  safety. 

The  wonders  of  war  are  gradually  revealing  themselves  to  niy  sight. 
There  is  nothing  else  on  earth  in  which  splendor  is  mingled  to  a  greater 
degree  with  misery.  It  is  strange  also  how  soon  it  blunts  the  finer  feelings 
of  our  nature  and  absolutely  murders  all  sympathy  or  pity. 

There  is  a  goodly  brotherhood  of  soldiery  assembled  at  this  point,  the 
three  regiments  from  our  own  State,  two  from  Ohio,  one  regular  army, 
together  with  one  Kentucky  cavalry  regiment  and  a  battalion  of  regular 
mounted  riflemen,  with  a  company  of  sappers  and  miners,  constituting  a 
right  respectable  little  army  amounting  to  about  5,000  men. 



Indiana  Sentinel,  January  23,  1347. 

CAMARGO,  December  14,  1840. 

The  Third  Indiana  and  several  companies  of  the  Second  have  arrived. 
The  Third  will  leave  on  tomorrow  and  the  several  companies  of  the  Sec 
ond  when  the  moiety  of  the  regiment  arrives.  Theirs  has  been  a  weary 
time  in  this  war,  buried  in  the  sand  of  Brazos  and  the  Mouth,  without  any 
pay,  many  of  them  almost  in  rags.  Great  praise  is  due  them  for  the1 
promptness  and  rapidity  with  which  their  present  movement  has  been  so 
far  executed. 

SKETCHES  IX  CAMP.— No.  13. 

(By  an  ex-Reporter  of  the  State  Sentinel.) 
Indiana  Sentinel,  February  6,  1847. 

CAMARGO,  MEXICO,  December  19,  1846. 

On  the  Oth  of  December  General  Lane  came  to  our  camp  in  great 
haste  with  orders  for  the  First  Regiment  to  move  on  to  Monterey.  On 
the  10th  the  whole  regiment  left  the  mouth  of  the  Rio  Grande  for  Carnar- 
go  in  the  J.  E.  Roberts  and  the  Rough  and  Ready.  The  Marion  Volunteers, 
the  Fountain  Riflemen,  the  Wabash  Rangers  and  the  Montgomery  Volun 
teers  took  passage  in  the  J.  A.  Roberts  and  the  rest  of  the  regiment  in  the 
Rough  and  Ready.  John  Gillespie  of  the  Fountain  Riflemen  fell  overboard 
and  was  drowned  just  before  the  boat  left  the  landing.  In  our  passage  up 
the  Rio  Grande  the  Roberts  ran  aground  several  times,  but  owing  to  the 
metal  of  the  boat  and  the  skill  of  the  crew,  it  was  got  off  the  sand  bars 
without  much  difficulty.  After  passing  Matamoros  we  observed  no  town 
at  all  until  we  were  in  sight  of  Reyuosa.  It  is  true  we  passed  some  wood 
yards,  where  there  were  a  few  scattering  houses  that  presented  a  view  at 
a  distance  similar  to  a  negro  quarter  on  the  Mississippi,  but  as  we  ap 
proached  nearer  it  was  plain  to  be  seen  that  their  houses  were  far  in 
ferior  to  the  meanest  kind  of  negro  huts.  These  illy  constructed  houses 
were  built  of  mud  and  cane  and  with  less  mechanism  than  a  beaver  dam. 

The  scenery  on  the  Rio  Grande  is  beautiful,  though  man  had  but  little 
to  do  in  making  it  so.  It  is  a  bit  of  nature,  not  of  art.  The  banks  of 
this  rapid  stream  abound  with  evergreens,  tropical  shrubbery,  leafless 
thorn  bushes,  and  even  beautiful  flowers  in  December.  The  largest  tim 
ber  to  be  found  here  is  mesquite.  Ebony  also  grows  here,  though  not  in 
such  abundance  as  the  mesquite.  The  largest  tree  I  have  seen  would  not 
exceed  two  feet  in  diameter. 

On  the  14th  the  J.  E.  Roberts  arrived  at  Camargo,  three  miles  up  the 
San  Juan.  Camargo  is  certainly  as  bad  looking  a  place  as  it  has  been  rep 
resented  to  be  by  those  who  have  gone  before  us.  The  stone  buildings  are 
flat-roofed  and  in  a  state  of  dilapidation,  some  cracked  on  either  side,  while 
others  have  commenced  falling  down.  The  mud  and  cane  buildings  look 
more  like  cowhouses  or  hogpens  than  dwellings  for  human  beings.  Camar 
go  is  the  most  dusty  place  I  ever  saw.  On  a  windy  day  the  dust  flies  so 
thick  that  one  can  hardly  see  three  steps  before  him. 

On  the  15th  the  Rough  and  Ready  arrived  with  the  remaining  six 
companies  of  the  First  Regiment  and  they  immediately  went  to  work  break 
ing  mules,  and  in  the  morning  the  Third  Regiment  had  all  their  mules 
broke  and  were  starting  off  to  Monterey.  The  First  and  Second  regiments 
will  leave  here  as  soon  as  they  break  their  mules. 

A  Mexican  captain,  with  ammunition  and  baggage,  has  been  taken  by 
the  Kentucky  Cavalry  and  is  a  prisoner  of  war.  On  the  night  of  the  17th 
a  Mexican  was  caught  while  trying  to  set  fire  to  a  magazine.  He  is  closely 
confined  and  will  be  tried  for  the  offense.  The  Whiteville  arrived  the  same 
day  with  the  remaining  three  companies  of  the  Second  Regiment. 

On  the  18th  everything  was  put  in  readiness  to  start  for  Monterey  011 
the  following  day.  On  the  19th  the  whole  encampment  struck  a  light  a 



great  while  before  day.  We  have  just  eaten  our  breakfast,  commenced 
loading  up  the  wagons  and  are  only  waiting  for  daylight  to  take  up  the 
line  of  march.  The  boys  are  all  wide  awake,  but  I  am  sorry  to  say  that 
some  that  are  unwell  and  anxious  to  go  ahead  will  have  to  be  discharged 
or  left  in  hospital,  because  there  are  not  more  than  wagons  enough  to 
carry  the  baggage  and  provisions. 


State  Journal,  February  8,  1847. 

*Lieutenant  Love,  of  the  United  States  Dragoons,  is  now  recruiting  in 
this  city.     See  his  advertisement  in  another  column. 


State  Journal,  February  8,  1847. 

We  are  permitted  by  the  gentleman  to  whom  it  is  addressed  to  make 
the  following  extract  from  a  letter  written  by  Captain  Kinder  of  the  Sec 
ond  Indiana  : 

CAMP  NEAR  SALTILLO,  January  3,  1847. 

DEAR  FRIEND — In  my  last  from  Monterey  I  anticipated  that  we  might 
have  a  breeze  at  this  place,  but  it  appears  that  there  was  more  smoke 
than  fire.  Small  parties  of  lancers  are  reported  as  being  near  and  skir 
mishing  about  the  country,  and  there  are  alarms  frequently  raised  without 
much  cause.  General  Wool  is  twenty  miles  beyond  Saltillo  guarding  one 
of  the  many  passes  incident  to  this  country.  We  are  encamped  within 
twenty  miles  of  the  great  Rinconado  Pass,  which,  you  will  recollect,  is  in 
the  line  agreed  upon  between  Taylor  and  Ampudia.  We  came  through  the 
pass  on  our  march  to  this  place.  The  Mexican  President's  message  has 
made  its  appearance  in  these  parts.  It  is  considered  quite  pacific.  Folk's 
message  has  not  been  received.  Generals  Butler  and  Worth  are  both  at 

Many  opinions  prevail  here  relative  to  the  prosecution  of  the  war. 
Butler  says  he  does  not  entertain  the  least  doubt  but  that  a  settlement  of 
the  difficulties  will  be  entered  into  in  six  weeks  from  the  present  time. 
General  Worth  is  of  the  opinion  that  we  have  but  just  entered  into  the 
affair  and  that  we  will  have  enough  fighting  to  answer  all  purposes.  At 
present  everything  presents  a  quiet  and  peaceable  aspect.  The  Mexican 
citizens  are  apparently  quite  friendly.  Saltillo  is  a  city  of  some  im 
portance,  numbering  about  1G,000  souls.  Monterey  contains  about  12,000. 
We  are  encamped  about  five  miles  from  the  town.  There  are  a  few  regular 
troops  in  the  city.  The  Second  and  Third  regiments  of  Indiana  are  all 
the  volunteers  that  are  here.  On  yesterday  the  First  Kentucky  and  Ohio 
regiments  started  from  here  to  Monterey,  hence  I  think  we  will  remain 

*Brigadier-General,  Civil  War. 


here  for  some  time,  perhaps  during  our  whole  service.  If  so  we  shall  be 
satisfied.  We  have  had  enough  active  service  to  satisfy  any  reasonable 

The  boys,  on  arriving  here,  were  much  fatigued,  -but  they  are  much 
healthier  than  usual.  Occasionally  it  is  quite  cool.  We  are  on  a  very  ele 
vated  part  of  the  country;  500  feet  higher  than  Monterey.  The  country 
is  strongly  fortified  by  nature  for  defense.  A  range  of  mountains  extends 
from  Monterey  to  this  place,  which  is  almost  impassable. 

Madison  Courier,  February  20,  1847. 

The  Ten  Regiment  Bill  has  finally  passed  both  Houses  of  Congress. 
Now  is  a  good  time  for  all  brave  and  patriotic  men  to  serve  their  country. 

SKETCHES  IN  CAMP.— No.  14. 

LA  RIXCONADA,  Mexico,  December  31,  1846. 

When  the  First  and  Second  Regiments  left  Camargo  they  had  not  pro 
ceeded  more  than  six  miles  when  the  First  Regiment  was  ordered  back  to 
the  mouth  of  the  Rio  Grande  and  Matainoros.  Both  regiments  continued 
to  the  next  watering  place,  where  they  all  encamped.  Before  morning 
General  Lane  received  another  order  from  General  Marshall,  but  of  a  dif 
ferent  nature.  It  commanded  him  to  station  a  part  of  the  First  Regiment 
at  Camargo  and  the  remainder  at  Mier.  General  Lane  was  under  march 
ing  orders  of  a  superior  officer  (General  Patterson)  and  he  did  not  seem  to 
consider  it  his  duty  to  send  the  First  Regiment  back  until  he  had  further 
orders  from  headquarters.  General  Lane  was  applauded  by  the  officers  as 
well  as  the  privates  of  the  First  and  Second  Regiments,  and  his  firmness 
met  their  entire  approbation. 

On  the  20th  we  continued  our  march.  The  soil  over  which  we  passed 
was  dry  as  powder  and  one  would  not  suppose  from  appearances  that  it 
had  rained  for  two  months.  We  arrived  at  Mier  and  encamped  for  the 
night.  It  will  be  recollected  that  this  was  the  place  where  261  Texans  at 
tacked  the  Mexican  troops,  over  2.000  in  number,  and  killed  a  great  many, 
but  the  Texans  were  taken  prisoners  after  their  anmmmtion  had  been  ex 
hausted.  The  Texan  prisoners  were  cruelly  treated  and  a  portion  of  them 
shot.  Mier  contains  about  3,000  inhabitants.  It  is  built  mostly  of  stone, 
but  has  a  portion  of  mud  and  cane  houses  like  all  other  Mexican  towns. 

We  took  up  the  line  of  march  on  the  morning  of  the  21st  and  passed 
over  a  rolling  piece  of  ground  impregnated  with  iron  ore.  After  traveling 
about  seven  miles  a  ridge  of  mountains  was  visible.  We  encamped  on  the 
Alamo,  a  stream  of  swift  running,  cool  water,  the  best  we  had  tasted  since 
we  left  Indiana.  Two  companies  of  regulars  that  commenced  the  march 
one  day  sooner,  had  their  tents  pitched  at  the  same  place. 

On  the  22d  \ve  continued  our  march,  but  the  regulars  left  camp  about 
an  hour  and  a  half  sooner  and  kept  ahead  of  us,  and  some  of  their  men 
were  so  exhausted  that  they  fell  back  as  far  as  the  Indiana  regiments. 
The  rain  commenced  falling  in  small  drops  and  it  continued  to  rain  nearly 


all  night.  We  encamped  at  Pontaguida'  where  three  companies  of  the 
Second  Regiment  of  Ohio  Volunteers  were  in  camp.  We  left  the  encamp 
ment  on  the  23d  and  arrived  at  Cerralvo  on  the  same  day.  This  place 
looked  as  though  it  was  once  a  town  of  some  importance  hut  the  walls  of 
some  of  the  buildings  had  commenced  falling  down,  the  convent  had  been 
abandoned  and  it  was  occupied  by  soldiers,  and  the  church  was  without  a 
priest.  As  you  know,  a  church  in  Mexico  without  a  priest  is  of  as  little 
service  as  a  school  without  a  schoolmaster. 

The  next  morning,  the  24th,  we  left  Cerralvo,  and  after  marching  about 
seven  miles  the  two  regiments  halted  at  a  little  creek  near  a  rancho,  when 
we  were  met  by  an  express  ordering  the  First  Regiment  to  return  to  the 
Rio  Grande ;  eight  companies  to  be  stationed  at  Mntamoros  and  two  at  the 
mouth.  The  First  Regiment  encamped  and  the  Second  passed  on  to  a  dry 
creek  bottom  and  pitched  their  tents.  The  camp  was  supplied  with  water 
from  the  springs.  Ariole,  our  interpreter,  killed  a  very  fat  turkey,  which 
afforded  us  a  fine  Christmas  meal  the  next  morning  before  daylight. 
Christmas  was  a  very  delightful  day.  It  was  none  too  cool  for  comfort. 
In  fact  some  of  the  parts  of  the  chaparral  abounded  with  flowers  and  I 
gathered  as  fine  a  bouquet  as  the  ladies  in  Indiana  would  have  gathered  in 
July,  and  when  I  looked  at  three  of  the  prominent  flowers  and  observed 
that  they  were  red,  white  and  blue,  like  our  national  colors,  I  could  not  re 
frain  from  reflecting  that  coining  events  cast  their  shadows  before  them 
and  that  the  time  would  come  when  the  area  of  freedom  would  be  ex 
tended  over  this  uncultivated  land  and  that  industry  would  supersede  in 

We  encamped  at  night  on  Pagans  Creek.  The  mountains  were  appar 
ently  but  a  short  distance  from  us  on  the  left.  General  Marshall,  with  a 
portion  of  the  Kentucky  Cavalry  and  the  Second  Dragoons,  encamped  about 
a  mile  from  us  on  the  same  creek.  The  next  day,  the  26th,  we  passed 
Ramos  and  Marin  and  encamped  within  about  three  miles  of  the  latter 
place,  and  by  this  time  I  had  nearly  worn  my  eyes  out  in  looking  at  the 
mountains.  The  next  day  we  conthinued  our  march.  The  mountains  ap 
peared  to  be  but  a  few  miles  distant,  but  we  traveled  for  hours  and  did  not 
seem  to  get  any  nearer.  We  at  last  arrived  at  the  camp  near  Monterey. 
It  was  about  five  miles  from  the  city,  though  we  could  not  see  it  from  the 
camp,  but  the  Bishop's  palace  was  visible  on  the  right  of  the  city.  The 
Third  Indiana  had  left  for  Saltillo  before  our  arrival  and  the  Second  was 
ordered  to  proceed  to  that  place  immediately.  The  Second  Regiment  re 
mained  in  camp  one  day  to  prepare  for  the  march,  and  on  the  29th  we  com 
menced  marching  for  Saltillo  and  passed  through  Monterey.  I  shall  not 
speak  of  the  last  named  city.  Much  has  been  written  of  this  city,  and  its 
strong  fortifications  have  been  spoken  of  freely.  I  will  only  say  that  every 
American  who  may  chance  to  visit  this  city  will  be  proud  of  the  gallant 
soldiery  that  fought  their  way  into  the  city  inch  by  inch,  charging  upon  the 
breastworks  of  the  enemy  and  scaling  the  walls  of  their  forts. 

The  most  beautiful  scenery  in  Monterey  was  Aristae  Garden.  I  had 
only  time  to  stop  a  few  minutes,  consequently  shall  not  attempt  a  graphic 
description.  It  is  laid  out  with  a  taste  that  would  be  a  credit  to  any 
country.  It  is  watered  by  pools  running  from  the  mountains  and  conducted 
in  channels  to  all  parts  of  the  garden,  but  I  am  compelled  to  say  that  the 


variety  is  not  as  great  as  might  be  expected  in  this  tropical  country.  Great 
additions  might  'be  made  to  the  shrubbery.  After  passing  this  beautiful 
garden  and  the  Bishop's  palace  we  next  passed  a  mill  about  four  miles 
from  the  city,  with  the  inscription  on  it  "Melino  de  Jesus  Maria."  It  was 
very  neat  in  its  appearance,  built  of  stone  and  coated  over  with  lime,  which 
made  it  very  durable.  It  had  no  bolt,  but  a  hand  sieve  was  used  to  sep 
arate  the  bran  from  the  flour. 

We  passed  on  to  Santa  Catarina  and  encamped.  Our  route  was 
through  a  mountain  pass  and  in  moonlight.  The  next  day  we  encamped 
at  La  Rinconada.  having  traveled  twenty-four  miles,  the  last  eighteen  of 
which  was  over  a  dusty  road  where  a  drop  of  water  could  not  be  found. 
The  men  suffered  greatly.  I  was  much  amused  to  see  the  various  inclina 
tions  of  the  boys.  Some  marched  in  rank  with  the  regiment  and  others 
managed  to  get  out  of  ranks  for  the  purpose  of  searching  for  precious 
metals  at  the  foot  of  the  mountain,  hunt  wild  flowers,  or  run  ahead  to 
take  a  game  of  poker. 

La  Rinconada  is  a  narrow  mountain  pass.  A  row  of  trees  and  maguay 
plants  are  set  out  upon  both  sides  of  the  road  as  it  passes  through  a  rich 
valley.  There  is  also  a  swift  running  stream  and  a  waterfall,  but  the 
crystal  rivulet  runs  but  a  short  distance  from  the  hacienda  and  sinks.  I 
have  not  much  to  say  relative  to  the  movements  of  the  army.  General 
Taylor  has  gone  to  Victoria  with  a  force  and  General  Butler  and  General 
Worth  are  at  Saltillo  with  another  portion  of  the  army.  There  is  no  news 
from  Saltillo  of  any  importance. 


Reminisences  of  Edu-ard  T.  Dickey,  Co.  G,  Third  Indiana. 

Much  has  been  said  at  various  times  about  the  part  played  in  the  battle 
of  Buena  Vista  by  the  Indiana  troops.  I  have  never  yet  seen  but  one  ac 
count  (and  that  was  written  by  Colonel  James  H.  Lane,  of  the  Third  Regi 
ment,  and  pertained  only  to  the  action  of  his  regiment)  which  appeared  to 
me  to  have  been  written  by  anyone  having  personal  knowledge  of  the  facts ; 
and  I  have  never  yet  seen  the  true  reason  given  for  the  inisstatments  in  the 
official  reports  of  the  battle,  as  to  the  Indianians.  So  far  as  the  Third 
Regiment  was  concerned,  it  grew  out  of  the  fact  that  General  Joseph  Lane, 
Brigadier  General  of  the  Indiana  troops,  neither  called  for  nor  received  any 
report  from  Colonel  Lane  of  the  action  of  his  regiment  (the  Third),  but 
made  report  of  his  brigade,  when  the  truth  was  he  had  no  connection  with 
or  command  over  the  Third  Regiment  at  any  time  during  the  battle. 
Where  General  Lane  was  during  the  day  of  the  23d  of  February,  184:7,  the 
Third  Indiana  did  not  know,  for  no  one  who  remained  in  the  ranks  saw 
him  until  after  the  Mexicans  were  driven  away  by  the  Third  Indiana  from 
their  slaughter  of  the  Kentuckians  and  Illiuoisians,  in  the  afternoon  of  that 

Why  the  General  did  not  call  on  the  Colonel  for  a  report  of  the  action 
of  his  regiment  was  well  understood  by  the  Indiana  soldiers.  They  had 
come  to  blows  on  the  Saturday  before  the  battle,  followed  by  a  challenge 


from  General  Lane  which  had  been  accepted  by  Colonel  Lane  and  was  then 
pending.  There  had  been  ill-feeling  and  jealousy  between  them  from  the 
time  the  Third  Indiana  left  Matamoros  ahead  of  the  Second  Indiana,  which 
was  in  December,  1846.  The  Second  was  General  Lane's  regiment  before 
he  was  promoted  to  Brigadier,  and  was  therefore  his  favorite  regiment. 

The  relations  between  these  two  officers  grew  more  strained  by  other 
moves  of  a  similar  character  at  Carmargo  and  again  at  Monterey.  On 
Saturday  preceding  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista,  after  regimental  drill,  Colo 
nel  Lane  termed  his  regiment  into  a  hollow  square,  and  he  and  the  other 
field  officers  of  his  regiment  were  discussing  some  troubles  that  had  arisen 
among  them  growing  out  of  an  effort  on  Colonel  Lane,  Adjutant  Daily  and 
Captain  T.  Ware  Gibson  to  continue  the  Third  Indiana  in  the  service,  leav 
ing  out  Lieutenant-Colonel  McCarty  and  Major  Gorman.  After  the  regi 
mental  officers  had  made  their  statements,  General  Lane,  wrho  had  been 
standing  just  outside  the  square,  listening  to  the  talk,  stepped  inside  and 
proceeded  to  make  a  statement  of  his  understanding  of  the  matter.  In 
doing  so,  he  said  something  that  Colonel  Lane  said  he  didn't  believe.  To 
this  General  Lane  replied  he  "did  not  care  whether  Colonel  Lane  believed 
what  he  said  or  not."  The  Colonel  retorted  by  saying  that  "a  man  who  did 
not  care  what  he  did  say  was  not  likely  to  care  whether  what  he  said  was 
believed."  The  General  asked  "if  the  Colonel  meant  to  say  that  he  (the 
General)  was  a  man  who  disregarded  his  word."  The  Colonel's  reply  was, 
"I  do,  by  -  — ,  sir."  At  this  the  General  struck  at  him.  The  Colonel 
dodged  the  blow  and  struck  the  General  in  the  face.  They  were  then  sep 
arated  by  the  officers  about  them. 

The  General  started  away,  saying  as  he  went,  "Colonel  Lane,  prepare 
yourself."  The  Colonel  brought  his  regiment  into  line  facing  toward  the 
camp,  and  while  he  was  saying  to  the  men  that  the  trouble  was  his  own, 
and  that  he  wished  the  men  to  take  no  part  in'  it,  the  General  was  seen  com 
ing  through  the  camp  with  his  rifle  on  his  shoulder.  Colonel  Lane's  back 
was  to  the  camp  and  he  did  not  see  the  General  until  he  was  within  per 
haps  thirty  yards.  At  about  that  distance  the  General  stopped,  and  calling 
to  the  Colonel  asked,  "Are  you  ready,  Colonel  Lane?"  The  Colonel  looked 
around  and  seeing  the  General,  ordered  a  man  in  the  ranks  to  load  his 
musket,  and  replied  "I  -  -  soon  can  be."  That  man  and  many  others 
loaded  their  muskets  without  delay.  Just  as  the  Colonel  reached  to  take 
the  musket  the  guard  surrounded  the  General  and  led  him  away,  saving 
the  lives  of  both  officers,  for  had  they  exchanged  shots  I  have  no  doubt  the 
General  would  have  killed  the  Colonel,  and  as  little  doubt  that  fifty  musket 
charges  would  have  found  lodgment  in  the  General's  body,  knowing,  as  I  do, 
the  temper  of  the  men  of  the  Third  Indiana  at  that  time.  The  challenge 
immediately  followed. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  March  1,  1847. 

Major  Gorman  of  the  Third  Uegiment,  who  occupied  a  distinguished 
position  in  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista,  is  on  his  way  home.  The  wound  re 
ceived  by  the  Major  is  considered  of  a  dangerous  character. 

SKETCHES  IX  CAMP.— No.  15. 

(By  an  ex-Reporter  of  the  State  Sentinel.) 
Indiana  Sentinel.  March  6,  1847. 

CAMP  BUTLER,  near  Saltillo,  January  7,  1847. 

The  Second  Regiment  left  Rinconada  on  the  morning  of  the  31st  of 
December.  The  route  wound  around  a  mountain  peak  to  the  left.  After 
proceeding  about  a  mile  we  found  ourselves  at  the  foot  of  a  high,  rocky 
hill.  The  train  reached  the  top  with  considerable  difficulty.  At  the  top 
of  this  summit  I  observed  a  place  where  the  Mexicans  had  commenced 
throwing  up  breastworks  for  the  purpose  of  preventing  the  Americans  from 
advancing  any  farther  into  their  country,  but  the  work  had  been  aban 
doned  before  any  part  of  it  was  completed.  They  had  only  dug  a  ditch 
about  eighteen  feet  deep  around  a  small  space  of  ground.  From  the  quan 
tity  of  rock  in  and  about  it,  I  should  judge  it  was  hard  digging  and  if  I 
had  been  so  unfortunate  as  to  have  been  born  upon  Mexican  soil,  with 
Mexican  principles,  and  been  doomed  to  dig  in  such  a  place,  if  they  did 
not  furnish  me  powder  to  blow  up  the  rocks.  I  should  certainly  ask  the 
privilege  of  being  mustered  upon  the  lazy  list.  There  can  be  no  doubt  that 
when  Ampudia  succeeded  in  inducing  General  Taylor  to  have  it  fixed  in  the 
terms  of  capitulation  that  neither  army  should  pass  Riuconada  within  the 
sixty  days,  it  was  his  intention  to  fortify  so  strongly  upon  this  hill  as  to 
prevent  our  army  from  passing  at  any  future  time.  He  probably  imagined 
that  he  would  cut  the  Americans  down  by  thousands  as  they  approached. 
I  am  willing  to  admit  that  this  would  afford  the  enemy  a  strong  position, 
but  our  army  considers  no  fortification  invincible,  no  walls  too  high  to 
scale  and  no  force  too  large  to  contend  with.  This  position  would  enable 
the  Mexicans  to  make  a  strong  defense,  but  they  would  be  driven  from  it. 
Duncan's  Battery  would  be  seen  climbing  the  steep  precipice;  Ridgely's 
Fighting  Artillery  would  advance  quickly,  sending  the  messages  of  death 
in  rapid  succession ;  the  regulars  and  volunteers  would  advance  upon  them 
with  fixed  bayonets;  the  Texan  Rangers  would  climb  over  the  mountains 
at  the  right  and  before  the  setting  of  the  sun  the  Mexicans  would  be  glad 
to  slip  out  the  back  door.  I  am  not  in  the  habit  of  boasting,  but  after 
viewing  the  ground  at  Monterey  where  our  army  fought  against  superior 
numbers  in  strong  forts  and  well-erected  castles,  I  am  constrained  to  be 
lieve  that  in  any  other  contest  they  would  be  no  less  brave. 

v  We  encamped  at  the  hacienda  called  Ojo  Calienta.  The  mountain  pass 
through  which  we  were  traveling  did  not  contain  a  tree  or  shrub  four  feet 
in  diameter,  except  some  shade  trees  that  were  set  out  at  the  ranches  near 
the  roadside.  The  ground  was  quite  rocky  and  covered  with  small  bushes 
about  a  foot  and  a  half  high  and  two  or  three  species  of  cactus,  though 
pine  trees  of  considerable  size  were  seen  on  top  of  the  mountains.  The 
next  morning  was  New  Year's  Day,  but  nothing  of  importance  occurred. 
After  marching  several  hours  we  met  the  First  Regiment  of  Ohio  and  the 
Louisville  Legion  returning  to  Monterey.  We  encamped  at  the  camp 
ground  near  Saltillo  some  time  before  dark  and  found  everything  quiet  and 
the  Mexicans  as  polite  as  so  many  French  gentlemen.  In  fact  they  did  not 
seem  to  be  as  stupid  a  set  of  heathens  as  those  on  the  Rio  Grande.  On 


the  contrary,  many  of  them  in  this  section  are  well  educated  in  their  own 

General  Butler  and  General  Worth  are  still  here.  They  are  both  ex 
cellent  men ;  men  whose  bravery  has  been  tested ;  men  who  have  exceeded 
the  expectation  of  their  friends  in  every  contest  in  which  they  have  been 
engaged.  General  Butler  has  not  entirely  recovered  from  his  wound,  but 
I  assure  you  that  notwithstanding  this  fact  the  old  hero  would  as  soon 
fight  today  as  any  other  time. 

The  health  of  the  men  in  the  Second  and  Third  Regiments  has  been 
very  good.  One  of  Captain  Rousseau's  men  died  suddenly  on  the  3d  of 
January.  He  went  out  to  the  spring  branch  and  while  in  the  act  of  tipping 
a  cup  of  water  he  fell  over  and  survived  only  a  few  minutes.  Colonel 
Bowles,  Captain  Walker  and  Commissary  Graham  arrived  here  on  the  4th 
of  January. 

A  portion  of  the  infantry  and  artillery  left  here  today.  It  is  expected 
they  will  go  to  Vera  Cruz.  There  were  some  of  the  regulars  that  hailed 
from  Indiana  and  among  the  number  was  Lieutenant  Benjamin,  who  called 
on  us  and  bid  us  farewell.  I  was  much  gratified  to  learn  from  a  gentleman 
belonging  to  the  same  battalion  who  accompanied  us  to  this  place,  that 
Lieutenant  Benjamin  gave  a  good  account  of  himself  at  the  battle  of 
Monterey.  He  is  an  ardent  young  officer,  always  ready  to  face  danger  and 
be  foremost  in  the  attack. 

It  is  much  colder  here  than  at  Matamoros,  though  not  so  windy.  We 
have  not  seen  any  snow  and  but  little  ice.  Wood  is  very  scarce,  being 
brought  here  from  a  great  distance  on  pack  mules.  We  suffer  but  little  with 
the  cold,  but  the  Mexicans  draw  their  ring-streaked  and  spotted  blankets 
over  their  shoulders  and  even  cover  up  their  faces  and  exclaim  "muchu 


Indiana  Sentinel,  March  13,  ISJfi. 

We  noted  in  the  list  of  officers  appointed  by  the  President  for  the  new 
regiments  of  infantry  the  following,  all  of  whom  hail  from  Indiana : 

John  A.  Hendricks  and  Thomas  F.  Both  well,  to  be  Captains. 

John  T.  Hughes  and  James  Hughes,  to  be  First  Lieutenants. 

James  Tiltoii  and  Wm.  W.  Carr,  to  be  Second  Lieutenants 


Madison  Courier,  March  13, 

The  Stars  and  Stripes  are  now  hanging  out  from  Hendricks's  rendez 
vous  at  the  corner  of  Main.  Cross  and  Poplar  streets,  and  thus,  far  we  un 
derstand  they  have  met  with  good  success.  In  a  few  days  we  are  con 
fident  the  company  will  be  filled  up  with  as  good  and  brave  men  as  ever 
put  shoe  leather  upon  Mexican  soil.  Captain  Hendricks  and  Lieutenants 
Hughes  and  Tilton  are  a  noble  set  of  men,  and  no  doubt  will  give  general 
satisfaction  to  their  country. 


State  Journal,  March  16,  1847. 

Lieutenant  Colonel  C.  C.  Nave,  First  Indiana,  recently  from  Mexico, 
passed  through  this  place  for  Danville,  his  place  of  residence,  on  last  Mon 


State  Journal,  March  15,  1847. 

MATAMOBOS,  February  16,   1847. 

EDITOR  OF  JOURNAL — Severe  indisposition  has  prevented  me  from  writ 
ing  as  often  as  I  intended,  although  nothing  of  interest  has  occurred  here 
for  some  time.  Colonel  Drake  of  the  First  Indiana  is  now  civil  governor 
and  military  commandant  of  this  important  post,  and  no  man  better  quali 
fied  to  succeed  Colonel  Clarke  could  have  been  found  in  the  volunteer 
corps.  The  responsibility  is  very  great,  the  duties  arduous  and  harassing. 
He  necessarily  comes  in  conflict  with  the  usages  and  customs  so  old  as  to 
become  law.  He  is  the  arbitrator  of  every  little  difficulty,  and  being  com 
pelled  to  employ  an  interpreter  renders  the  administration  of  justice  ex 
tremely  difficult  and  harassing;  but  Colonel  Drake  spares  no  trouble  nor 
time  in  finding  out  the  right  and  wrong,  and  punishes-  or  rewards  accord 

The  regiment  is  disposed  of  as  follows :  Companies  A  and  H,  Captains 
Roberts  and  McDougall,  are  stationed  in  the  main  plaza ;  Company  F, 
Captain  Lewis,  at  Fort  Parades:  Company  C,  Captain  Milroy,  at  Fort 
Brown.  The  remaining  six  companies  are  in  barracks  at  the  lower  plaza. 
For  the  first  time  in  eight  mouths  we  can  lie  down  to  sleep  with  a  roof- 
tree  over  our  heads.  For  the  present  we  are  fixed  quite  comfortably  and 
will  no  doubt  remain  in  our  present  quarters  until  disbanded. 

For  a  few  days  we  have  been  on  the  qui  vive,  reports  having  reached 
us  that  a  considerable  body  of  cavalry  under  Carravabal  are  prowling 
around  the  neighborhood  awaiting  a  favorable  opportunity  to  attack  the 
city.  Colonel  Drake  has  also  received  an  official  dispatch  from  General 
Taylor  corroborating  these  reports,  and  cautioning  the  men  to  be  on  the 
alert,  consequently  we  are  tolerably  busy.  We  have  commenced  a  series  of 
fortifications,  which,  when  completed,  will  bid  defiance  to  treble  our  num 
ber.  The  streets  leading  from  the  plaza  are  closed  up  by  an  embankment 
five  feet  in  height,  on  the  outside  of  which  is  a  ditch  five  feet  in  depth  and 
fourteen  feet  in  width,  the  whole  defended  by  a  six-pounder,  rendering  it 
an  extremely  hazardous  undertaking  for  the  enemy  to  come  in.  Company 
H,  the  Marion  boys,  by  constant  exercise  and  laborious  drilling,  have  be 
come  tolerably  proficient  in  the  artillery  exercise,  and  they  now  can  handle 
a  six-pounder  with  almost  the  same  ease  and  facility  as  they  handle  their 
muskets,  and  are  ever  ready  with  cannon  or  musket  to  give  our  dusky 
friends  a  warm  reception  if  they  see  proper  to  come.  Our  only  fear  is 
that  they  will  not  dare  to  attack  us. 

Our  regiment  is  at  present  in  a  more  healthy  condition  than  ever  be 
fore.  One  or  two  cases  of  smallpox  has  appeared  in  town,  and  to  prevent 
its  doing  any  damage  to  the  regiment,  we  are  all  being  vaccinated. 

Yours,  etc. 


A  letter  from  Matamoros  of  two  days'  later  date  says  that  Captain 
Koberts  has  died.  The  smallpox  is  raging  to  a  considerable  extent  among 
our  troops  at  Matamoros. 

SKETCHES  IN  CAMP.— No.  17. 

(By  an  ex-Ileporter  of  the  Sentinel.) 

Indiana  Sentinel,  March  17,  1847. 

SALTILLO,  MEXICO,  January  31,  1847. 

But  few  incidents  of  importance  have  occurred  since  my  last  sketch 
was  written.  The  guardhouse  has  been  occupied  occasionally  with  several 
volunteers,  both  American  and  Mexican,  but  it  is  now  nearly  empty;  the 
former  seeing  the  necessity  of  conducting  themselves  properly  in  an 
enemy's  country,  and  the  latter  beginning  to  understand  how  to  act  so  as 
to  avoid  suspicion.  The  Americans  and  Mexicans  pass  away  the  time  much 
more  harmoniously  than  could  be  expected.  Whenever  any  outrage  is  com 
mitted  by  one  party  or  the  other,  General  Lane  has  the  matter  inquired 
into  and  has  the  volunteer  tried  in  accordance  with  the  regulations  of  the 
army  and  the  orders  of  General  Taylor.  Only  a  few  outrages  have  been 
committed  by  either  party.  Some  soldiers  seem  to  think  that  it  is  no  harm 
to  take  a  stick  of  candy  or  a  cake  from  a  poor  ragged  Mexican  boy  that  is 
obliged  to  peddle  for  a  subsistence,  or  to  strip  an  old  Mexican  peasant  of  his 
blanket,  but  such  things  are  discountenanced  by  a  large  majority  of  the 
soldiers.  *  *  * 

Rumors  of  the  enemy's  approach  have  been  circulated  in  this  city  for 
some  time  past.  Several  scouting  parties  have  been  out  and  returned. 
Major  Gains,  Captain  Cassius  M.  Clay,  about  eighty  of  the  Kentucky  Cav 
alry,  Major  Solon  Borland  of  Arkansas,  and  Captain  Henry  of  Texas  left 
here  some  time  since  with  the  determination  to  go  farther  than  any  of  their 
predecessors.  On  the  night  of  the  21st  of  January  they  encamped  near  El 
Salado,  about  ninety-three  miles  from  Saltillo.  The  sentinels  gave  the 
alarm  twice  in  the  course  of  the  night,  and  on  both  occasions  the  men  got 
up  and  placed  themselves  in  a  position  for  defense,  but  retired  to  bed  after 
everything  was  quiet,  thinking  little  of  the  fate  that  awaited  them.  At 
daybreak,  when  they  were  about  to  rise,  they  looked  up  and  observed  that 
they  were  surrounded  by  not  less  than  2,000  Mexican  cavalry  with  their 
lances  and  swords  drawn,  so  that  they  could  have  killed  every  American 
before  much  resistance  could  have  been  made. 

Their  first  impression  was  to  fight,  but  they  soon  saw  that  it  would  be 
useless  for  eighty  men  to  undertake  to  fight  2,000  when  they  had  so  great 
an  advantage  over  them.  They  surrendered  to  the  Mexicans  and  were  im 
mediately  marched  off  towards  San  Luis  Potosi.  Captain  Henry  being  fa 
miliar  with  the  Mexican  language,  very  soon  ascertained  pn  the  morning  of 
the  23d  that  he  was  identified  as  a  Texan  and  must  suffer  death.  He  put 
on  a  cheerful  air  and  did  not  seem  to  notice  what  was  passing.  In  the 
course  of  the  day  while  he  was  on  his  horse  he  rode  up  and  down  the  line 
where  the  prisoners  were  and  talked  to  them  very  harshly.  He  told  them 
to  march  in  close  order  and  not  fall  behind,  and  while  he  was  near  the 


rear  he  suddenly  spurred  his  horse  in  such  a  manner  that  he  jumped  to  one 
side  and  passed  the  rear  guard.  Captain  Henry  rode  off  at  full  gallop. 
Several  of  the  best  horses  with  expert  riders  were  selected  and  Captain 
Henry  was  pursued.  After  riding  some  distance  the  Mexicans  observed 
that  they  had  gained  but  little,  so  they  stopped  at  every  rancho  they  passed 
and  got  fresh  horses  and  after  riding  some  distance  one  of  the  Mexicans 
approached  very  near  Captain  Henry  and  the  Captain  suddenly  whirled  and 
fired,  bringing  the  Mexican  to  the  ground. 

The  Captain  rode  on  as  fast  as  he  could  and  another  Mexican  was 
about  to  overtake  him  when  he  shared  the  same. fate.  Two  being  killed 
daunted  the  courage  of  his  pursuers,  but  they  did  not  quit  the  chase.  It 
was  only  a  few  minutes  when  another  Mexican  was  about  to  overtake  him. 
Captain  Henry  fired  upon  him  and  wounded  him  in  the  arm  and  the  Mexi 
can  turned  his  course.  Captain  Henry  was  soon  out  of  sight  of  his  pur 
suers  and  saw  them  no  more.  He  rode  on  until  his  horse  could  go  no  far 
ther,  having  had  nothing  to  eat  or  drink,  and  he  was  compelled  to  leave 
him.  Captain  Henry  was  off  of  the  main  road  some  distance  in  a  path  and 
was  too  much  fatigued  to  proceed.  When  riding  through  the  thickets  his 
clothes  were  torn  and  he  was  badly  scratched  and  stuck  with  thorns.  He 
sat  down  beside  some  bushes  and  rocks,  picking  the  thorns  out  of  his  flesh, 
when,  hearing  a  noise,  he  looked  up  and  saw  about  eighty  Comauche  In 
dians  pass,  but  they  did  not  observe  him. 

Captain  Henry  came  on  foot  to  Saltillo  much  fatigued  and  deeply  re 
gretting  the  loss  of  his  noble  Ixorse,  that  was  no  less  than  a  life  preserver 
to  him.  Since  Major  Gains's  command  was  taken  another  party  of  thirty 
were  sent  out  under  the  command  of  Captain  Heady  of  Kentucky,  which 
shared  the  same  fate.  It  has  been  reported  here  that  the  Mexican  guide 
who  accompanied  Major  Gains  had  been  killed,  but  this  has  not  been  con 
firmed.  Captain  Henry  says  he  had  not  been  killed  when  he  left.  The 
Mexicans  say  there  is  a  force  of  from  10,000  to  25,000  that  will  attack  us 
in  a  few  days,  but  they  are  so  much  in  the  habit  of  telling  fish  stories  that 
we  attach  no  importance  to  this  statement,  though  it  may  be  proper  to  state 
that  there  are  about  4,000  Mexican  troops  at  different  places  between  here 
and  San  Luis  Potosi. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  March  11,  1847. 

By  the  politeness  of  Adjutant-General  Reynolds  we  are  permitted  to 
make  the  following  interesting  extracts  from  a  private  letter  recently  re 
ceived  by  him,  dated  Matamoros,  February  21,  1847: 

DEAB  GENERAL — If  the  papers  I  have  forwarded  the  Sentinel,  have  gone 
safely,  you-  are  acquainted  already  with  the  general  news  in  our  city.  On 
yesterday  we  performed  the  mournful  duty  of  burying  the  remains  of 
Captain  J.  H.  Roberts  of  Putnam  County.  He  died  on  the  night  of  the  19th 
and  was  buried  with  the  honors  of  war.  General  Lane  is  yet  at  Saltillo 
with  his  two  regiments,  whose  drill  is  very  favorably  spoken  of.  There  are 
twenty-four  cases  of  smallpox  in  the  town,  only  four  in  the  regiment,  but 
I  fear  our  situation,  as  we  can  get  no  good  vaccine  matter.  There  has  been 


but  one  death,  but  in  all  probability  there  will  be  four  more  in  less  than  a 

As  yet  we  have  no  chaplain.  It  is  a  burning  shame.  It  makes  me  be 
lieve  that  Protestant  ministers  care  but  little  for  their  countrymen.  It  is 
ease  and  money  they  want,  and  fear  it  'cannot  be  had  on  this  frontier. 
Lieutenant  Farley  has  been  very  low,  but  is  mending  slowly  and  I  think 
will  recover.  Washington  Hawkins,  son  of  Bird  Hawkins,  was  buried  yes 
terday.  He  was  from  Montgomery  County  and  formerly  kept  a  tavern  in 
Putnamsville.  I  think  General  Butler  is  opposed  to  the  policy  of  Scott's 
campaign  to  Vera  Crux.  He  thinks  it  probable  that  he  will  have  no  fight 
there,  but  much  disease.  Yours  in  haste. 


Madison  Courier,  March  20,  18.'t7. 

We  are  pleased  to  perceive  that  Captain  Hendricks  and  Lieutenant 
Hughes  are  so  rapidly  filling  up  their  company  for  the  Mexican  War,  and 
it  is  no  less  gratifying  to  know  that  there  are  in  our  community  so  many 
young  men  with  strong  arms  and  brave  hearts  who  thus  promptly  answer 
their  country's  call.  We  have  not  seen  at  any  time  the  same  number  of 
men  comprising  in  the  same  degree  the  requisites  of  a  reliable  soldiery,  and 
when  in  the  field  we  expect  to  hear  of  something  done  by  these  brave  boys 
in  honor  of  their  country  and  our  State. 

We  understand  that  this  company  will  belong  to  the  Sixteenth  Regi 
ment  of  Infantry,  under  the  command  of  Colonel  J.  W.  Tibbetts,  and  as 
soon  as  organized  will  proceed  without  delay  to  Point  Isabell. 


State  Journal,  March  29,  18-'f7. 

Mr.  Isaac  Kinder  of  this  city,  father  of  Captain  T.  B.  Kinder,  now  in 
Mexico,  has  permitted  us  to  make  the  following  extracts  from  a  letter 
written  by  his  son  and  dated  at  Agua  Nueva  on  the  15th  of  February,  1847  : 

"We  are  now  25  miles  south  of  Saltillo,  with  5,000  effective  volunteers 
ready  for  service.  The  whole  force  is  under  the  immediate  command  of 
General  Taylor,  who  arrived  at  Saltillo  on  the  4th  inst.  and  immediately 
marched  on  to  this  place.  "Old  Rough"  is  in  fine  health  and  good  spirits. 
At  his  invitation  the  officers  of  the  Second  and  Third  Regiments  called  at 
his  marquee  to  pay  him  our  compliments  and  "get  a  good  look"  (as  the 
boys  say)  at  the  gray,  worn  veteran.  He  looks  more  like  an  old  farmer 
going  to  market  with  eggs  to  sell  than  anything  I  can  now  think  of ;  jovial 
and  good-humored.  He  told  us  that  he  was  ordered  to  act  entirely  on  the 
defensive,  but  he  appears  uneasy  and  some  say  that  he  is  fitting  out  an 
expedition  against  San  Luis  Potosi,  but  large  reinforcements  will  have  to 
come  to  us,  and  especially  a  strong  force  of  artillery,  before  an  expedition 
could  be  thought  of  against  so  strongly  fortified  a  place  as  San  Luis 

SKETCHES  IX   CAMP.— Xo.    16. 

SALTILLO,  MEXICO,  January  18,  1847. 

When  General  Worth  left  Saltillo  on  the  10th  of  January  with  a  por 
tion  of  flying  artillery  and  some  of  the  infantry  belonging  to  the  regular 
army,  everything  was  calm.  There  was  not  the  slightest  movement  of  a 
hostile  nature  on  the  part  of  the  enemy  that  could  be  perceived.  General 
Lane  moved  into  the  city'  and  took  command  of  it  in  place  of  General 
Worth.  General  Butler  still  remained  there,  being  in  command  of  not  only 
all  the  forces  near  this  point,  but  of  his  entire  division  stationed  at  dif 
ferent  points,  but  we  soon  began  to  hear  of  rumors  of  war,  Mexican  en 
campments  and  Mexican  lancers  and  spies.  The  Third  Regiment  had  al 
ready  moved  from  their  encampment  to  the  city  and  taken  quarters  that 
had  been  evacuated.  The  Second  Regiment  was  sent  for  In  great  haste, 
which  regiment  moved  into  the  city,  with  as  little  delay  as  possible  on  the 
12th  of  January,  and  since  that  time  there  has  nothing  been  talked  of  but  a 
fight.  It  has  even  been  asserted  that  there  would  be  a  battle  before  the 
going  down  of  the  sun  on  the  following  day,  but  that  day  has  passed  more 
than  once  without  bringing  with  it  the  horrors  of  war. 

Most  of  the  news  came  through  the  men  from  General  Wool's  camp 
and  one  of  the  Arkansas  Cavalry  informed  me  yesterday  that  General  Wool 
had  been  talking  about  a  fight  ever  since  they  commenced  the  march,  and 
at  this  late  period  they  attached  no  importance  to  any  alarm  that  was 
given  by  him ;  that  they  had  continually  heard  the  cry  of  wolf  when  there 
was  no  wolf.  It  is  true  there  are  some  remarks  made  in  relation  to  the  at 
tack  which  appear  somewhat  ludicrous,  but  there  can  be  no  doubt  that  there 
are  some  indications  of  hostile  movements  on  the  part  of  the  enemy.  The 
Mexicans  have  already  moved  many  of  their  valuable  golden  images  from 
the  church  on  the  Plaza  tie  Santiago,  and  a  great  number  of  families  have 
moved  out  of  the  city  within  a  few  days.  The  Tlascau  Indians,  who  in 
habit  a  portion  of  Santiago,  appear  to  take  coming  events  more  easy  and 
did  not  leave  town  in  such  great  numbers.  These  Indians  are  a  part  of  the 
tribe  that  rendered  Cortez  efficient  service  in  conquering  Mexico.  I  know 
not  what  part  they  have  played  in  this  Mexican  war,  but  I  have  been  in 
formed  that  they  do  not  amalgamate  "with  the  Mexicans  to  a  very  great  ex 
tent  ;  that  their  municipal  regulations  are  distinct  from  the  rest  of  the  city 
and  that  they  have  a  church  of  their  own  of  the  Catholic  order,  as  no  other 
is  tolerated  by  the  Mexican  constitution. 

Saltillo  was  once  the  capital  of  a  large  district  of  country  embracing 
all  of  Coahuila,  parts  of  New  Leon  and  Durango.  It  is  known  on  most  of 
the  Mexican  maps  as  Leona  Vicario.  The  Mexicans  would  congregate  here 
for  more  than  three  hundred  miles  distant  for  the  annual  fiestas  or  feasts. 
Tables  would  be  set  in  the  streets  loaded  with  the  richest  luxuries  that  the 
country  afforded,  and  many  a  poor  Mexican  who  was  green  in  relation  to 
the  customs  of  great  crowds  would  sit  down  to  eat  and  after  filling  himself 
would  rise  and  find  his  hat  missing  and  his  pockets  picked. 

Then  there  were  mountebanks,  card  tables,  bull  fights  and  cock  fights. 
Bets  were  made  to  a  considerable  amount.  Before  they  reached  home 
many  of  them  would  be  robbed  if  not  murdered.  Cock  fighting  is  still  a 
very  great  amusement  with  the  Mexicans.  Every  Sunday  afternoon  there 


are  several  fights  at  some  of  the  cock  pits  at  Saltillo  and  a  great  number  of 
Mexicans  are  always  present  with  their  pockets  full  of  money  to  stake  upon 
the  belligerents.  They  fight  equal  to  Texas  Rangers.  One  of  the  two  com 
batants  is  almost  invariably  killed,  but  this  is  partly  owing  to  the  fact  that 
their  gaffs  are  unlike  those  made  in  the  United  States.  Instead  of  being 
made  for  piercing  they  are  made  like  swords  to  cut  and  thrust  so  that  they 
will  let  out  the  entrails  of  an  antagonist  at  one  stroke.  When  there  is  any 
probability  of  a  game  cock  recovering  from  a  wound  great  care  is  taken  to 
restore  him,  and  for  that  purpose  he  is  partly  covered  up  with  dirt  to  pre- 
vet  inflammation.  Cock  fighting  is  encouraged  by  some  of  the  greatest  men 
in  Mexico  and  from  appearances  I  should  judge  that  public  opinion  sanc 
tions  this  amusement  quite  as  much  as  horse  racing  was  encouraged  in 
some  parts  of  the  United  States. 

Saltillo  seems  to  be  rather  on  the  decline.  Many  of  the  buildings  look 
very  old  and  are  going  to  ruin.  The  streets  are  very  narrow  and  paved 
with  small  rocks  that  have  been  worn  smooth  by  mules  traveling  over  them. 
The  city  is  well  watered  by  fountains  on  the  plazas.  The  fountain-head 
being  on  a  hill  above  the  city,  the  water  can  be  conducted  to  any  part  of 
it.  The  water  never  fails  and  is  very  useful,  not  only  to  the  citizens  at 
Saltillo,  but  is  used  to  irrigate  the  lands  in  the  valley  where  the  rain  is  not 
sufficient  for  the  growth  of  the  crops.  By  this  means  some  very  fine  fields 
of  corn  are  cultivated  even  in  the  rocky  valley  between  Saltillo  and  Monte 
rey.  But  this  is  not  all  the  advantage  of  this  mountain  spring.  There  is  a 
cotton  factory  in  the  valley  propelled  by  water  from  this  spring.  It  is 
owned  by  an  English  farmer,  and  although  the  Mexican  laws  are  not  fa 
vorable  to  foreigners  locating  factories  in  their  territory,  the  firm  pays  all 
that  the  government  exacts  and  still  makes  a  handsome  profit  on  the  capi 
tal  invested. 

It  appears  that  the  Mexican  government  has  fallen  into  the  same  error 
that  has  been  practiced  by  many  better  nations  and  more  civilized  people. 
This  error  is  to  make  no  distinction  between  the  coarse  and  fine  article. 
The  foreign  manufacturer  who  locates  here  is  required  to  pay  a  certain 
amount  on  every  piece  he  makes  and  to  pay  as  much  for  the  privilege  of 
manufacturing  a  coarse  piece  as  a  fine  piece.  This  is  the  reason  that  they 
cannot  afford  to  sell  their  coarse  goods  at  less  than  the  fine.  It  is  strange 
that  when  a  people  copy  anything  from  a  more  civilized  nation,  they  al 
most  invariably  copy  the  faults  of  that  nation  instead  of  something  that 
would  be  of  more  advantage. 

The  health  of  the  Indiana  volunteers  is  very  good,  as  well  as  those 
from  Illinois  and  Arkansas  that  are  encamped  near  here.  On  the  16th  a 
soldier  was  at  the  upper  fountain  for  the  purpose  of  watering  two  horses. 
Two  Mexicans  rode  up  near  him  and  lassoed  him,  at  the  same  time  taking 
both  of  his  horses  and  making  their  escape.  The  soldier  lay  upon  the 
ground  senseless  for  some  time  and  then  got  up  and  reached  the  quarters 
of  Colonel  Churchill  without  being  molested,  but  is  very  much  bruised  and 
covered  with  blood.  Two  armed  Mexicans  were  taken  prisoners  on  the  17th 
of  January. 



Indiana  Sentinel,  March  31, 

We  are  indebted  to  the  politeness  of  Lieutenant  Love  of  the  United 
States  Dragoons,  who  left  Madison  yesterday  morning  and  arrived  here 
last  night,  for  the  Madison  Banner  of  the  30th  containing  the  following  in 
teresting  news.  The  statements  are  meagre  but  may  possibly  be  correct. 
This  is  the  battle,  probably,  of  which  we  have  had  previous  incoherent  ru- 
niors.  The  volunteers  sustained  themselves  nobly  against  superior  numbers. 




From  the  New  Orleans  Picayune,  the  23d. 

We  lay  before  our  readers  in  advance  of  our  regular  publication  the 
glorious  tidings  from  the  army  brought  by  the  schooner  John  Bell.  Our 
reporter  left  the  vessel  in  the  river  and  came  up  to  town  by  express  with 
the  glad  news.  The  following  account  was  prepared  for  us  by  an  officer  of 
the  army,  and  it  may  be  relied  upon  : 


Prepared  for  the  Editors  of  the   Picayune  by  Lieutenant  J.  J.  C.  Bibb, 

U.  S.  Army. 

Dr.  Turner,  U.  S.  A.,  who  arrived  at  Matamoros  on  the  9th  from 
Monterey,  brought  the  glorious  intelligence  of  another  brilliant  victory  over 
the  Mexican  army.  The  scene  of  action  was  at  Buena  Vista,  a  hacienda 
about  six  miles  west  of  Saltillo.  The  fighting  commenced  on  the  22d  of 
February  and  ended  on  the  23d.  Santa  Anna  retired  to  Agua  Nueva,  a  dis 
tance  of  ten  miles,  leaving  4,000  killed  and  wounded  on  the  field.  Santa 
Anna's  Adjutant-General  and  many  other  officers  and  men  are  prisoners. 
The  loss  on  our  part  was  700  killed  and  wounded.  Santa  Anna's  force 
amounted  to  at  least  15,000  men.  That  of  General  Taylor  to  about  5,000, 
almost  entirely  volunteers.  His  army  is  composed  of  Washington's, 
Braggs's  and  Thomas's  batteries;  one  squadron  of  the  First  and  one  of 
the  Second  Dragoons;  the  Arkansas  and  Kentucky  Cavalry;  a  brigade  of 
Illinois  and  one  of  Indiana  Volunteers  ;  the  First  Mississippi  and  Kentucky 
Regiments  and  one  company  of  Texas  Volunteers. 

Dr.  Turner  brought  a  list  of  sixty-three  officers  killed  and  wounded. 
1  left  in  such  haste  I  was  unable  to  obtain  a  copy,  but  recollect  among  the 
killed  Captain  Lincoln,  Assistant  Adjutant-General  U.  S.  A.  ;  Colonel  Yell 
of  the  Arkansas  Cavalry,  Captain  Moore,  Adjutant  Vaughan  and  three 
others  not  named  of  the  Kentucky  Cavalry;  Colonel  McKee,  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  Clay,  Captain  Willis,  Second  Kentucky  Infantry;  Colonel  Hardin 
of  the  Illinois  bridage  ;  Major  Gorman  and  many  of  the  Indiana  brigade; 
several  of  the  Mississippi  Regiment;  two  lieutenants  of  the  Texas  Volun 
teers.  Among  the  wounded  I  remember  General  Lane,  Colonel  Jefferson 
Davis,  First  Mississippi  Regiment  ;  Captain  Stein,  First  U.  S.  Dragoons  ; 
Captain  Conner,  Texas  Volunteers  ;  Lieutenants  S.  G.  French  and  O'Brien, 


U.  S.  Artillery ;  Lieutenant  Barber,  Second  Kentucky  Infantry ;  Lieutenant 
Corwin,  First  Mississippi  regiment;  Lieutenant  Whiteside  of  the  Indiana 
brigade.  The  official  dispatches  of  General  Taylor  have  been  cut  off. 
Colonel  Morgan's  regiment  of  Ohio  Volunteers,  having  been  reinforced  by  a 
command  from  Monterey,  had  reached  that  place  in  safety. 


Washington  Union,  April  1,  1847. 

We  have  never  published  a  number  of  the  Union  that  was  fraught  with 
more  interesting  papers  than  the  present.  Independently  of  the  important 
letter  of  the  President  and  the  admirable  report  of  the  Secretary  of  the 
Treasury  in  reply,  upon  the  duties  to  be  levied  upon  imports  into  the  ports 
of  Mexico,  we  lay  before  our  readers  the  very  interesting  dispatches  of 
General  Taylor.  *  *  * 

The  dispatches  from  General  Taylor  were  brought  to  the  Secretary  of 
War  by  Mr.  Crittenden,  the  volunteer  aid  of  General  Taylor.  General  Tay 
lor's  letters  confirm  the  brilliant  victory  which  was  won  by  our  arms  at 
Buena  Vista.  The  loss  of  the  enemy  by  battle  is  less  than  was  originally 
reported,  though  it  is  heavy  indeed.  Our  loss  is  considerably  less,  though 
it  comprises  some  of  the  best  and  bravest  men  of  our  glorious  army,  made 
up  as  it  was  mostly  of  volunteers,  co-operating  with  some  of  the  finest  regu 
lar  troops  in  the  world.  But  the  loss  of  the  Mexican  army  by  starvation, 
dissolution  and  disorganization  is  still  more  striking.  General  Taylor's 
three  dispatches  are  respectively  dated  February  24th  and  25th  and  March 
1st.  They  state  in  the  General's  usually  laconic,  modest  and  expressive 
terms  the  beginning,  end  and  some  of  the  most  important  results  of  this  re 
markable  battle.  The  most  important  of  these  results  is  the  great  loss  of 
the  enemy,  their  retreat,  partial  and  perhaps  total  dissolution,  their  fatal 
disorganization,  their  utter  incapacity  to  harass  at  this  time  our  own  troops 
who  returned  to  their  original  position  at  Agua  Nueva.  General  Taylor  has 
sent  a  corps  forward  to  harass  him  on  the  retreat  and  sieze  his  supplies. 
The  General  further  proposes  to  return  to  Monterey  and  reopen  communi 
cation  between  that  town  and  the  Rio  Grande.  The  panic  of  the  Mexican 
marauders  is  calculated  of  itself,  almost,  to  effect  this  object  in  a  few  days. 
We  cannot  but  again  congratulate  our  country  on  this  brilliant  victory. 
We  subjoin  a  list  of  the  killed  and  wounded  of  our  army.  The  death  of 
these  brave  men  affects  every  American  heart  with  the  keenest  sympathy. 
It  is  cypress  interwoven  with  the  laurel. 


BUENA  VISTA,  MEXICO,  February  24,  1847. 

The  Adjutant-General  of  the  Army.  Washington.  I).  C. 

SIR — I   have  the  honor  to  report  that,  having  become  assured  on  tlu> 
•JOth  insl.  that  the  enemy  had  assembled  in  a  very  heavy  force  at  Encar- 
ioii,  thirty  miles  in  front  of  Agua  Xueva,  with  the  evident  design  of  at- 


tacking  my  position,  I  broke  up  my  camp  at  the  latter  place  on  the  21st 
and  took  up  a  strong  line  in  front  of  Buena  Vista,  seven  miles  south  of 
Saltillo.  A  cavalry  force  left  at  Agua  Nueva  for  the  purpose  of  covering 
the  removal  of  supplies,  was  driven  in  during  the  night  and. on  the  morning 
of  the  22d  the  Mexican  army  appeared  immediately  in  front  of  our  posi 
tion.  At  11  o'clock  a.  m.  a  flag  was  sent,  bearing  from  General  Santa  Anna 
a  summons  of  unconditional  surrender,  to  which  I  immediately  returned  a 
negative  reply.  The  summons  and  my  reply  are  herewith  enclosed.  The 
action  was  commenced  late  in  the  afternoon  between  the  light  troops  on  the 
left  flank,  but  was  not  seriously  engaged  until  the  morning  of  the  23d, 
when  the  enemy  made  an  effort  to  force  the  left  flank  of  our  position  and 
an  obstinate  and  sanguinary  conflict  was  maintained  with  short  intervals 
throughout  the  day,  the  result  being  the  enemy  was  completely  repulsed 
from  our  lines.  An  attack  of  cavalry  upon  the  rancho  of  Buena  Vista  and 
a  demonstration  upon  the  city  of  Saltillo  itself,  were  likewise  handsomely 
repelled.  Early  in  the  night  the  enemy  withdrew  from  his  camp  and  fell 
back  upon  Agua  Nueva,  a  distance  of  twelve  miles. 

Our  own  forces  engaged  at  all  points  in  this  action  fell  somewhat 
short  of  5,400  men,  while  that  of  the  enemy,  from  the  statement  of  General 
Santa  Anna,  may  be  estimated  at  20,000.  Our  success  against  such  great 
odds  is  a  sufficient  enconium  on  the  good  conduct  of  our  troops.  In  a  more 
detailed  report  I  shall  have  the  satisfaction  of  bringing  to  the  notice  of  the 
Government  the  conspicuous  gallantry  of  particular  officers  of  the  corps.  I 
may  be  permitted  here,  however,  to  acknowledge  my  great  obligations  to 
Brigadier-General  Wool,  the  second  in  command,  to  whom  I  feel  particu 
larly  indebted  for  his  valuable  services  on  this  occasion.  Our  loss  has 
been  very  severe  and  will  not  probably  fall  short  of  700  men.  The  Mexican 
loss  has  been  immense.  I  shall  take  the  earliest  opportunity  of  forwarding 
a  correct  list  of  the  casualties  of  the  day. 

I  am,  sir,  very  respectfully, 

Your  obedient  servant, 

Ma j. -Gen.  U.  S.  A.  Commanding. 


AGUA  XUEVA.  March  1.  1847. 

To  the  Adjutant-General.  Washington.  D.  C. 

SIR — I  have  the  honor  to  report  that  the  troops  of  my  command  oc 
cupied  their  original  camp  at  this  place  on  the  27th  of  February,  the  last  of 
the  Mexican  army  leaving  the  morning  of  that  day  in  the  direction  of  San 
Luis.  It  is  ascertained  that  the  enemy  is  in  full  retreat  in  a  very  disorgan 
ized  condition,  with  the  men  deserting  and  dying  of  starvation  in  great 
numbers.  I  dispatched  a  command  this  day  as  far  as  Encarnacion  to 
harass  his  rear  and  secure  whatever  military  supplies  may  be  found  there. 
On  the  statement  of  Mexican  officers,  particularly  of  the  medical  staff  left 
to  succor  the  wounded,  there  seems  to  be  no  doubt  that  their  loss  in  the 
recent  action  is  moderately  estimated  at  1.500  and  may  reach  2.000  men 
killed  and  wounded,  besides  2.000  or  8,000  deserters.  Many  officers  of  rank 
were  lost.  I  enclose  a  list  of  our  own  killed  and  wounded  made  as  com- 



plete  as  practicable  at  this  time.    One  regiment  of  Kentucky  cavalry  is  not 
yet  included,  its  return  not  being  rendered.     *     *     * 

The  disposition  made  to  harass  our  rear  vindicated  the  policy  and 
necessity  of  defending  a  position  in  front  of  Saltillo  where  a  defeat  has 
thrown  the  enemy  far  back  into  the  interior.  No  result  so  decisive  could 
have  been  obtained  by  holding  Monterey  and  our  communications  would 
have  been  constantly  in  jeopardy. 
I  am,  sir,  very  respectfully, 

Your  obd't  servant, 

Ma j. -Gen.  U.  S.  A.  Commanding. 

List  of  names  of  the  killed  and  wounded  and  missing  of  the  Army  of 
Occupation  in  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista,  February  23,  1847. 

Wounded — Brigadier-General  Joseph  Lane,  slightly. 


Killed — Captains  T.  B.  Kinder,  Win.  Walker.  Second  Lieutenant 
Thomas  C.  Parr.  Sergeant  McHenry  Dozier,  Company  E.  Privates,  Fran 
cis  Bailey,  Company  A;  Charles  II.  Goff,  Company  A;  Warren  Robinson, 
Company  A ;  A.  Stephens,  Company  A ;  John  Shoults,  Company  B  ;  J.  Daf- 
ferty,  Company  B  ;  A.  Massey,  Company  B  ;  D.  McDonald,  Company  B  ;  J. 
T.  Hardin,  Company  B  ;  M.  Lee,  Company  D  ;  W.  Richardson,  Company  D ; 
J;  H.  Sladen,  Company  D ;  W.  Aiken,  Company  E ;  J.  B.  D.  Dillon,  Com 
pany  E;  II.  Matthews,  Company  F;  J.  H.  Wilson,  Company  F;  H.  Draper, 
Company  H;  R.  Jenkins,  Company  H;  T.  Price,  Company  H;  R.  Havritt, 
Company  I ;  H.  M.  Campbell,  Company  I ;  J.  C.  Higginbotham,  Company 
K ;  A.  Jenkins,  Company  K ;  G.  Chapman,  Company  K ;  O.  Lansburg,  Com 
pany  K ;  E.  Wyatt,  Company  K ;  T.  Smith,  Company  K ;  J.  Teasley,  Com 
pany  K. 

Wounded — Captain  W.  L.  Sanderson,  slightly.  First  Lieutenant  S. 
W.  Cayce,  slightly.  Second  Lieutenants  II.  Peimington,  slightly;  D.  S. 
Lewis,  slightly;  Captain  John  Osborn,  slightly;  Second  Lieutenant  J. 
Moore,  slightly ;  First  Lieutenant  J.  Davis,  slightly ;  Second  Lieutenant  J. 
A.  Epperson,  slightly;  Corporal  E.  McDonald,  Company  B,  badly;  Ser 
geant  A.  H.  Potts,  Company  D,  slightly ;  Corporal  D.  C.  Thomas,  Company 

D,  badly;   Musician  A.  M.  Woods,  Company  D,  slightly;    Sergeants  J.  Ctir- 
dthers,  Company  F,  slightly;   V.  Vestal,  Company  F,  slightly;    Corporals  J. 
Bishop,  Company  F,  slightly ;    A.  B.  Carlton,  Company  F,  slightly ;    N.  B. 
Stevens,  Company  F,  slightly;    Sergeant  P.  D.  Kelse,  Company  G,  slightly; 

E.  Blalock,  Company  G,  badly;   Corporals  T.  Rawlins,  Company  G,  slightly; 
H.  Wilson,  Company  H,  severely;    Privates  T.  Goen,  Company  F,  slightly; 
H.  Mulvany,  Company  G,  slightly;   M.  Queen,  Company  G,  slightly;    J.  Mc- 
Milton,  Company  G,  slightly;    W.  Adams,  Company  H,  severely;    W.  Bene- 
fiel,  Company  H,  severely;    R.  Colbert,  Company  H,  severely;    V.  Swain, 
Company  H,  severely ;    J.  Ingle,  Company  H,  slightly ;    A.  Smith,  Company 


H,  slightly;  W.  D.  Wier,  Company  H,  slightly;  N.  Rumley,  Company  I, 
badly ;  A.  C.  Farris,  Company  K,  badly ;  G.  McKnight,  Company  K,  slight 
ly;  G.  Wilhart,  Company  K,  slightly. 

Missing — Privates  J.  Brown,  Company  B ;  J.  H.  Harrison,  Company  B ; 
W.  Spaldiug,  Company  D ;  B.  Hubbard,  Company  I. 


Killed— Captain  J.  Taggart.  Privates  J.  M.  Buskirk,  Company  A;  W. 
B.  Holland,  Company  A ;  D.  J.  Stout,  Company  A ;  J.  Armstrong,  Company 
C ;  W.  Hueston,  Company  D ;  D.  Owens,  Company  F ;  W.  C.  Good,  Com 
pany  F;  J.  Graham,  Company  G. 

Wounded — Major  W.  A.  Gorman,  slightly;  Captain  J.  M.  Sluss,  slight 
ly  ;  V.  Conover,  slightly ;  Corporal  R.  K.  Nelson,  Company  A,  slightly ;  Pri 
vates  J.  S.  Levo,  Company  A,  severely ;  W.  G.  Applegate,  Company  A, 
slightly;  J.  Y.  Davis,  Company  A,  slightly;  J.  W.  Pullim,  Company  A, 
slightly;  J.  Knight,  Company  A,  slightly;  Corporal  J.  Gringrich,  Company 

B,  slightly;    Privates  J.  Faulkner,  Company  B,  dangerously;    H.  Hind,  Jr., 
Company  B,  slightly;    H.  C.  Hoyt,  Company  B,  slightly;    D.  Coutor,  Com 
pany  B,  slightly;    T.  H.  Boweu,  Company  B,  slightly;    J.  Voight,  Company 

C,  dangerously ;     P.   Lain,  Company  C,   slightly ;    M.   Cole,    Company    C, 
slightly;     F.    Aubke,    Company  C,  slightly;    A.  Armstrong,   Company  C, 
slightly;   J.  Orchard,  Company  C,  slightly;   G.  Miller,  Company  C,  slightly; 
Corporal  II.  Torrauce,  Company  D,  slightly;    Privates  T.  Gustin,  Company 

D,  severely:     J.   Hinkle,   Company  D,   slightly;     J.   Roehat,   Company  D, 
slightly ;   E.  Bright,  Company  D,  slightly ;   A.  Merrill,  Company  D,  slightly ; 
Corporal  E.  Weddell,  Company  E,  severely ;  Privates  J.  Brown,  Company  E, 
severely ;   M.  Mathias,  Company  E,  severely ;    S.  Fred,  Company  E,  slighty ; 
J.  G.  Arter,  Company  E,  slightly;    S.  Stuart.  Company  E,  slightly;    J.  C. 
Burton,  Company  F,  seriously;    O.  Dyer,  Company  F,  slightly;    J.  Inskeep, 
Company  F,  slightly ;    D.  Hunter,  Company  F,  slightly ;    D.  Cougheuower, 
Company  F,  slightly;    H.  C.  Ricker,  Company  F,  slightly;    Corporal  J.  S. 
Wilson,  Company  F,  slightly ;    Privates  J.  Meek.  Company  G,  seriously ;   E. 
Mace,  Company  G,  slightly;    J.  Patterson,  Company  G,  slightly;    J.  Cain, 
Company  G,  slightly;    R.  Benson,  Company  H,  severely;    J.  Kelley,  Com 
pany  H,  severely ;    Sergeant  W.  Coombes,  Company  I,  mortally ;    Private  M. 
Conoway,  Company  I,  slightly;   Sergeants  R.  McGarver.  Company  K,  se 
verely;  S.  P.  Turney,  Company  K,  slightly;  Privates  J.  Hervey,  Company 
C,  seriously;    M.  Gray,  Company  K.  slightly;    S.  Bradley.  Company  K,  se 
verely;    Y.  Foster,  Company  L,  slightly. 

W.   S.   S.   BLISS. 
Assistant  Adjutant-General. 

148  t 

Indiana  Sentinel,  April  7,  18!ft. 

The  following  extract  from  a  letter  written  by  a  Mexican  officer  at 
San  Luis  Potosi  shows  the  condition  of  the  Mexican  army: 

"I  am  much  afraid  lest  this  cause  (want  of  food)  should  disperse  us 
tonight,  since  the  soldiers  are  already  scattering  and  we  have  seen  bodies 
of  them  fighting  and  charging  upon  the  enemy  wherever  they  thought  there 
was  water,  caring  for  nothing;  and  we  have  seen  them  disputing  among 
themselves,  totally  indifferent  to  the  fire  of  the  enemy,  for  a  piece  of  ham 
found  upon  the  dead  Yankees.  This  night  is  a  fearful  one  for  the  republic, 
since  I  dread  lest  we  should  become  disbanded.  In  conclusion,  dear  friend, 
there  now  remains  but  little  to  be  done  because  we  have  been  pursuing  the 
enemy  all  day  long  with  bayonets  and  tomorrow  they  will  be  finished. 
They  killed  the  horse  of  the  General  with  a  grape  shot." 


State  Sentinel,  April  10,  1847. 

BUENA  VISTA,  February  28,  1847. 
Dr.  Livingstone  Duulap. 

MY  DEAR  FRIEND — The  battle  has  been  fought  and  the  victory  won.  I 
am  happy  in  announcing  the  result,  as  it  has  been  gained  against  an  im 
mense  superiority  of  numbers.  Particulars  and  details  you  will  see  in  the 
newspapers.  *  *  * 

This  victory  far  surpasses  any  other  in  this  war;  in  fact  it  has  no 
parallel  on  this  continent  and  has  placed  the  reputation  of  the  volunteers 
above  the  reach  of  all  slander  and  calumny.  It  was  a  bloody  day  and  many 
a  heart  in  Indiana  will  be  stricken  with  sorrow  when  the  news  arrives,  but 
the  gallant  dead  will  be  remembered  by  a  grateful  country. 

The  enemy  were  guilty  of  many  acts  of  barbarity  during  the  action 
in  killing  our  wounded  and  stripping  and  robbing  the  dead.  Captain  Kin 
der,  a  noble  and  gallant  young  officer  whom  we  all  loved  so  well,  had  been 
wounded  severely  early  in  the  action  and  placed  in  a  wagon  to  be  carried 
to  the  rear  to  have  his  wound  dressed,  but  the  escort  was  overtaken  by  the 
lancers,  and  Kinder  was,  although  wounded  and  unarmed,  foully  murdered 
by  those  fiends,  his  pockets  robbed  and  he  was  stripped  and  left  in  that 
condition.  How  my  heart  bleeds  at  the  recital  and  how  I  sympathize  with 
his  parents.  I  know  his  father  very  well.  I  have  little  to  say  of  myself. 
Others  will  speak  for  me.  General  Lane  has  covered  himself  with  immortal 
honor.  He  was  the  only  General  who  exposed  himself  in  the  thickest  of  the 
fight,  although  General  Taylor  was  at  times  exposed  and  actually  received 
two  or  three  balls  through  his  clothes.  Santa  Anna  had  with  him  his 
choicest  troops,  the  flower  of  the  Mexican  Republic. 

General  Lane  was  wounded  early  in  the  action  by  a  musket  ball 
through  the  arm,  the  bone  uninjured.  He  remained  on  the  field  all  day 
and  refused  to  have  it  dressed  until  the  battle  was  ended.  No  one  would 


have  known  lie  was  hurt  but  for  the  blood  running  down  over  his  clothes. 
He  has  been  on  duty  every  day  since. 

Remember  uie  to  my  friends  and  acquaintances  and  know  me  as  ever. 

Sincerely  your  friend, 



Indiana  Sentinel,  April  10,  1847. 

CAMARGO,  March  12,  1847. 

FRIEND  CHAPMAN — From  the  above  date  you  may  readily  fancy  us 
"Up  and  at  'em,  guards."  The  order  for  Saltillo  direct  came  just  in  the 
nick  of  time.  Matamoros  was  becoming  most  infernally  dull  and  as  the 
Mexicans  had  all  "vamoosed  el  raucho."  carrying  with  them  every  beautiful 
cigarette  smoker  in  the  place.  I  might  add,  after  the  style  of  friend  Watts, 
most  infernally  tedious  and  tasteless,  too.  On  Monday,  the  8th  inst.,  we 
bundled  up  our  duds,  consisting  of  two  checked  shirts,  one  pair  of  socks, 
etc.,  took  possession  of  the  cabin  and  decks  of  the  steamer  Whiteville  and 
puffed  ourselves  to  Cainargo.  landing  in  double  quick  time. 

Colonel  Curtis  marched  last  Sunday  for  up  country,  where  all  is  con 
fusion,  fighting,  surprising  and  murdering.  General  Taylor  has  fought  and 
vanquished  Santa  Anna  in  a  battle,  which  at  the  same  time  will 
have  a  weighty  and  forcible  argument  for  a  speedy  conclusion  of  the  war, 
will  not  leave  a  rag  of  popularity  on  the  back  of  the  one-legged  hero  of 
San  Jaciuto.  Taylor  went  into  the  field  with  4.500  volunteers  at  his  back. 
Santa  Anna  assailed  him  with  21,000  of  the  soldiers  whom  he  has  been 
cultivating  so  long  at  San  Luis.  After  a  bloody  contest  of  two  days  and 
the  greater  part  of  one  night  the  latter  sounded  retreat  and  hurried  off  his 
military  carriage  for  Agua  Nueva.  Four  thousand  Mexicans  were  left 
unburied  on  the  field,  while  1,000  more  have  fallen  prisoners  of  war  into 
the  hands  of  the  victor.  A  victory  so  great,  so  uuprecedentedly  glorious, 
could  not  have  been  purchased  without  loss  on  our  side.  Among  the  700 
heroes  who  were  slain  and  wounded  on  that  bloody  day  we  who  knew  him 
from  infancy  have  to  mourn  the  death  of  Captain  Kinder.  Poor  Truss. 
The  glory  which  shall  forever  shine  upon  the  field  which  was  thy  deathbed, 
which  shall  reflect  lustre  upon  thy  name  and  fate,  is  but  sorry  consolation 
for  the  loss  this  death  inflicts  upon  his  country  and  friends.  Peace,  though, 
to  his  name.  When  we  reach  Saltillo  we  will  mark  his  resting  place  and 
save  it  from  obliteration  and  disrespect.  *  *  * 

In  conclusion,  old  fellow,  the  Hoosiers  in  Mexico  have  adopted  a  motto 
and  a  battle  cry,  "Indiana  Forever!''  Your  friend, 




Madison  Courier,  April  10,  1847. 

Captain  Hendricks's  company  took  its  departure  from  this  city  last 
Thursday  evening  amid  the  cheers  of  our  citizens.  It  was  a  touching 
scene  to  witness  the  sorrowful  farewell  of  friends  and  kindred.  This  is 
the  third  company  that  has  been  raised  in  our  little  city;  by  the  way,  we 
may  be  permitted  to  say  that  Madison  has  produced  more  soldiers  than 
any  place  of  its  size  in  the  United  States. 


Madison  Courier,  April  10r  1847. 

On  the  morning  of  the  22d,  at  10  o'clock,  we  took  our  place  in  the 
line  on  the  hill  commanding  the  pass.  At  the  pass  was  posted  the  battery 
of  Captain  Washington,  consisting  of  five  pieces  of  cannon.  On  our  right 
and  rather  in  front,  the  Kentucky  Volunteers,  commanded  by  Colonel 
McKee  and  Lieutenant-Colonel  Clay,  and  on  the  left  of  the  pass  were 
posted  the  Second  Illinois  and  the  Second  Indiana,  and  on  the  extreme 
left  was  the  Mississippi  regiment.  Our  two  rifle  companies  and  those  of 
the  Second  Indiana  were  upon  the  left.  The  Indiana  Riflemen  were  under 
the  command  of  Major  Gorman,  as  brave  a  little  fellow  as  ever  lived. 
The  Hoosiers  commenced  and  finished  the  action,  for  the  last  discharge 
was  made  by  us.  At  night  a  part  of  the  enemy  came  out  to  sieze  upon 
American  wagons  which  lay  disabled  between  us,  but  at  the  discharge  of 
fifty  or  sixty  muskets  they  vanished.  Next  morning  we  were  drawn  up 
in  battle  order,  but  the  foe  had  fled.  *  *  * 

The  Third  Regiment  Indiana  Volunteers,  you  may  rely  on  it,  saved 
the  pass.  Had  we  given  away  before  the  charge  of  the  lancers  and  in 
fantry  all  was  lost.  Our  loss  is  severe  in  officers  and  men.  Our  regiment 
suffered  little,  yet  we  have  to  mourn  the  loss  of  nine  brave  fellows  killed 
and  fifty-six  wounded.  John  Graham,  a  son  of  the  Scotchman  who  lives 
near  Madison,  was  among  the  killed.  Captain  Ford  has  not  lost  a  man. 
He  is  well,  and  well  did  he  act  his  part  in  the  battle.  Some  of  his  com 
pany  are  wounded,  though  none  dangerously.  James  Siddell  fought  brave 
ly.  Mr.  Hull  is  one  of  the  most  brave  and  cool  fellows  in  the  army.  Ben 
jamin  Davidson,  like  a  true-hearted  Scotchman,  if  he  was  my  brother  I 
would  rather  see  him  loading  and  firing  as  cool  as  he  did  than  see  him 
head  surgeon  of  the  American  Army.  Our  Colonel  and  Lieutenant-Colonel 
acted  as  if  fighting  had  been  their  trade  from  childhood  up.  We  received 
the  warmest  thanks  from  General  Taylor  yesterday. 


For  the  Indiana  State  Sentinel.  « 


By  Mrs.   Sarah  T.  Bolton. 

There  is  a  tear  for  all  who  die, — 

A  mourner  o'er  the  humblest  grave; 
But  nations  swell  the  funeral  cry 

And  triumph  weeps  above  the  brave. — Byron. 

Sing  a  dirge  full  of  woe 

For  the  noble  and  gifted. 
For  his  head  lieth  low 

And  his  sword  is  mil  if  ted. 
Sad  requiems  may  swell 

O'er  the  land  that  he  cherished ; 
Storied  marbles  may  tell 

Where  the  young  hero  perished. 
We  may  blazon  his  name, 

We  may  weep  and  deplore  him; 
We  may  give  him  to  fame, 

But  we  cannot  restore  him. 

Gallant  soldier,  farewell ; 

True,  thy  country  has  proved  thee, 
And  thy  memory  will  dwell 

In  the  warm  hearts  that  love  thee. 
They  have  made  thee  a  grave 

In  the  field  of  thy  glory ; 
They  have  written  thee  brave 

On  the  pages  of  story. 
And  fair  Freedom  will  come. 

Her  sad  tribute  to  render 
O'er  the  low,  silent  tomb 

Of  her  gallant  defender. 

Thou  did'st  pass  from  our  sight 

In  the  hours  of  life's  morning. 
When  thy  pathway  was  bright 

With  hope's  brilliant  adorning. 
In  thy  home,  once  so  dear, 

There  is  weeping  and  wailing: 
But  the  sigh  and  the  tear 

Are  alike  unavailing ; 
For  the  conflict  is  o'er 

And  life's  ties  are  all  riven. 
We  will  meet  thee  no  more 

Till  we  meet  thee  in  Heaven. 


State  Journal,  April  20,  1847. 

We  believe  that  Indianapolis  is  called  upon  to  mourn  the  loss  of  but 
one  gallant  spirit  in  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista,  and  that  is  Captain  Kinder. 
Honorable  testimony  is  borne  to  his  conduct  in  that  engagement  Late 
accounts  concur  as  to  the  manner  of  his  death.  He  was  wounded  during 
the  early  part  of  the  day,  and  while  being  carried  from  the  field  of  car 
nage  in  a  wagon  was  overtaken  by  a  body  of  Mexican  lancers,  inhumanly 
murdered,  robbed  and  stripped  of  his  clothing.  He  has  thus  been  cut  off 
from  his  family  and  friends  in  the  vigor  and  prime  of  manhood  while 
bravely  defending  the  flag  of  his  country.  His  noble  bearing  among  his 
comrades  deserved  a  better  fate  than  to  be  struck  down  without  the 
power  of  self-defense.  Deeply  do  we  commiserate  his  end  and  deeply  do 
the  whole  community  sympathize  with  his  bereaved  parents.  Ought  not 
the  citizens  here  take  some  steps  to  bring  him  home  and  give  his  re 
mains  honorable  burial? 


State  Journal,  April  20,  1847. 

Captain  J.  H.  Roberts  of  the  Putnam  Blues,  Company  H,  First  Indi 
ana,  died  at  Matamoros  on  the  10th  of  February  last. 


Madison  Banner,  April  21,  1847. 

John  A.  Markley,  Esq.,  of  this  city,  has  been  appointed  by  the  Presi 
dent  a  second  lieutenant  of  infantry  in  the  Sixteenth,  one  of  the  regiments 
raised  under  the  act  of  Congress  of  last  winter.  Mr.  Markley  is  a  young 
man  of  good  talents,  of  excellent  character,  and  we  have  no  doubt  the 
service  will  find  in  him  an  efficient  officer. 


Whereas.  By  a  communication  from  the  Secretary  of  War,  dated  the 
19th  of  the  present  month,  which  has  this  day  been  received,  the  under 
signed  is  advised  that  the  President  of  the  United  States  has  directed  that 
a  volunteer  force  be  accepted  for  the  war  with  Mexico,  in  addition  to  that 
already  in  service ;  and. 

Whereas,  The  undersigned  is.  by  the  said  communication,  requested 
to  cause  to  be  organized  in  this  State  ten  companies  of  infantry  constitut 
ing  one  regiment,  to  serve  during  the  war  with  Mexico  unless  sooner  dis 
charged :  the  said  troops  to  be  clothed,  subsisted,  organized,  armed, 
equipped,  officered,  mustered  and  inspected  into  the  service  in  conformity 


with  the  rules  and  regulations  contained  in  the  annexed  General  Order, 
as  gathered  from  the  aforesaid  communication,  and  as  enjoined  by  law; 

Whereas,  The  brilliant  victories  which  have  already  clowned  the  arms 
of  the  United  States  during  the  present  war  are  an  earnest  that  its  prompt 
and  energetic  prosecution  only  is  required  to  insure  an  early,  a  just  and 
an  honorable  peace. 

Now,  Therefore,  I.  James  Whitcomb,  Governor  of  the  State  of  Indi 
ana,  in  behalf  of  our  common  country,  do  hereby  renew  the  invitation  to 
the  brave,  enterprising  and  patriotic  citizens  of  our  State  to  respond  to 
this  call  with  all  possible  despatch  by  organizing  themselves  into  volun 
teer  companies  for  the  aforesaid  service,  and  to  report  the  fact  of  such  or 
ganization  with  the  least  practicable  delay  to  the  Adjutant-General  of  the 
State.  And  in  conformity  with  the  suggestion  of  the  Secretary  of  War 
that  a  place  of  rendezvous  be  appointed  on  the  Ohio  river  for  the  several 
companies  as  fast  as  they  shall  be  organized,  the  ground  near  or  adjacent 
to  "Old  Fort  Clark,"  near  Jeffersouville,  on  the  south,  is  hereby  desig 
nated  for  that  purpose. 

(S.  S.) 

In  testimony  whereof  I  have  hereunto  set  my  hand  and  caused  the 
Seal  of  the  State  to  be  hereunto  affixed.  Done  at  Indianapolis,  the  24th 
day  of  April,  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  1847.  of  the  State  the  thirtieth,  and 
of  the  independence  of  the  United  States  the  seventy-first. 

By  the  Governor, 

Secretary  of  State. 



INDIANAPOLIS,  April  24.  1847. 
General  Order  No.  9. 

For  the  information  and  government  of  the  volunteers  called  for  from 
Indiana  by  the  proclamation  of  the  Governor  of  this  State,  and  to  save 
the  trouble  and  delay  of  correspondence,  the  following  rules  and  regula 
tions  are  hereby  made  known  : 

I.  As  the  company  only  has  the  right  under  the  laws  of  the  State  to 
elect  their  captain,  as  well  as  other  commissioned  officers,  no  person  need 
to  wait  for  a  more  special  authority  to  raise  a  company.     Should  any  one 
raise  a  company  in  the  hope  of  being  its  future  cominandsint  his  success 
will  probably  be  considered  by  them  as  sufficient  evidence  of  his  standing 
and  fitness  for  the  station.     Still,  the  question  must  be  left  to  the  choice 
of  the  company. 

II.  Each  company  will  consist  of  1  captain,  1  first  lieutenant,  1  sec 
ond  lieutenant.  1  additional  second  lieutenant.  4  sergeants,  4  corporals,  2 
musicians  and  80  privates.    Total,  94. 

III.  The  regiment  will   consist   of   1   colonel,   1   lieutenant-colonel.   1 
major,  1  adjutant  (who  will  be  lieutenant  of  one  of  the  companies,  but  not 


in  addition),  1  sergeant-major,  1  quartermaster  sergeant,  2  principal  musi 
cians  and  10  companies. 

IV.  The  Secretary  of  War  writes,  "As  all  the  field  and  company  offi 
cers  with  volunteers  taken  into  the  service  of  the  United  States  under  the 
act  of  13th  of  May,  1840,  must  be  appointed  and  commissioned  in  accord 
ance  with  the  laws  of  the  States  from  whence  they  are  taken,  I  beg  to 
suggest  the  extreme  importance  to  the  public  service  that  the  officers  for 
the  additional  force  here  requested  be  judiciously  selected." 

Enjoining,  therefore,  the  necessary  circumspection  upon  all  who  are 
vested  with  the  appointing  power  by  the  laws  of  the  State,  it  will  be  borne 
in  mind  that  in  accordance  with  those  laws  the  officers  above  enumerated 
are  to  be  appointed  and  commissioned  as  follows: 

1.  The  commissioned  officers  of  each  company  are  to  be  elected,  after 
the  company  is  full,  by  a  majority  of  the  members  present,  at  a  time  and 
place  agreed  upon  by  a  majority  of  the  company;    the  result  of  the  elec 
tions  to  be  certified  by  three  judges  of  the  election,  and  attested  by  the 
clerk  thereof,   who  are  all  to  be  elected  by  a  majority  of  the  members 
present  for  that  purpose,  and  the  judges  are  to  be  sworn  by  the  clerk,  or 
in  his  absence  by  one  of  their  own  number,  before  going  into  the  election 
of  the  military  officers.     The  certificate  is  to  be  forwarded  to  the  Adju 
tant-General  of  the  State  in  order  that  the  Governor  may  issue  the  com 
missions  without  delay. 

The  elections  may  be  held  as  soon  as  the  company  is  full,  without 
waiting  ten  days,  provided  the  time  and  place  be  agreed  upon  by  a  ma 
jority  of  the  company,  and  all  the  members  have  due  notice  thereof. 

2.  Non-commissioned  officers  of  the  company  are  to  be  nominated  by 
the  members  and  appointed  by  the  captain  thereof. 

3.  The  Secretary  of  War  states  that  "Should  the  number  of  compa 
nies  here  called  for  be  raised,  they  will  be  at  once  organized  into  a  regi 
ment  and  your  Excellency  is  requested  to  commission  the  field  and  com 
pany  officers.     It  may  become  necessary  to  order  the  several  companies  to 
the  scene  of  action  as  fast  as  they  are  raised  and  mustered  into  service, 
in  which  case  they  could  be  organized  into  battalions  and  regiments  on 
reaching  the  place  of  destination." 

V.  The  commissioned  officers  of  the  regiment  will  be  elected  after  the 
same  is  full  by  the  officers  and  men  thereof,  in  conformity  with  the  laws 
of  the  State,  the  requirements  of  which,  and  all  other  necessary  particu 
lars,  will  in  due  time  be  communicated  through  the  medium  now  adopted. 

VI.  The    regimental    staff   above    named    will    be    appointed    by    the 
Colonel.     Principal  and  assistant  surgeons,  quartermasters,   commissaries 
and  paymasters  are  appointed,  when  needed,  only  by  the  President. 

VII.  The  different  companies,  as  they  reach  the  place  of  rendezvous 
(which  is  at  "Old  Fort  Clark,"  near  Jeffersonville)  will  there  be  inspected 
and  mustered  into  service  by  one  or  more  officers  of  the  United  States 
Army,   "who    (in  the  language  of  the  Secretary  of  War)    will,   in  every 
case,  be  instructed  to  receive  no  man  who  is,  in  years,  apparently  over 
forty-five  or  under  eighteen,  or  who  is  not  of  physical  strength  and  vigor. 
To  this  end  the  inspector  will  be  accompanied  by  a  medical  officer  of  the 
army  and  the  volunteers  will  be  submitted  to  his  examination. 


VIII.  Volunteers  will  be  furnished  their  own  clothing,  for  which  pur 
pose  the  law  allows  to  each  non-commissioned  officer,  musician  and  private 
three  dollars  and  fifty  cents  per  month  during  the  time  he  shall  be  in  the 
service  of  the  United  States.     To  enable  the  volunteers  to  provide  them 
selves  with  good  and  sufficient  clothing  the  clothing  pay  for  six  months 
(twenty-one  dollars)    will  be  advanced  to  each  nou-conimissioued  officer, 
musician  and  private,  after  being  mustered  into  service,  "but  only  with 
the  express  condition,"  as  communicated  by  the  Secretary,  "that  the  volun 
teer  has  already  furnished  himself  with  six  months'  clothing — the  fact  to 
be  certified  to  the  paymaster  by  the  captain  of  the  company ;    or,  that  the 
amount  thus  advanced  shall  be  applied  under  the  supervision  of  his  cap 
tain  to  the  object  contemplated  by  law.     In  this  latter  case  the  advance 
commutation  for  clothing  will  be  paid  on  the  captain's  certificate  that  he 
is  satisfied  it  will  be  so  applied." 

IX.  The  volunteers  on  their  arrival  at  the  place  of  rendezvous  will  be 
furnished  with  quarters,  camp  equipage,  fuel,  cooking  utensils  and  subsist 
ence  by  the  United  States. 

The  less  baggage  of  any  kind  (except  suitable  clothing)  that  can  be 
taken  from  home  to  the  place  of  rendezvous,  the  better  for  the  soldier,  as 
the  United  States  will  furnish  all  necessary  articles  of. the  kind  at  that 
point,  and  those  taken  (at  least  if  not  of  the  proper  description)  will  not 
be  paid  for  by  the  United  States.  As  in  that  case  they  would  be  cast 
aside,  they  will  be  a  useless  expense. 

X.  Arms,   accoutrements  and  ammunition  will   also  be  furnished  to 
the  several  companies  by  the  United  States. 

XI.  Besides  the  monthly  pay  in  case  each  non-commissioned  officer, 
musician  and  private  who  may  serve  during  the  present  war  or  who  shall 
have  been  discharged  before  the  expiration  of  his  time  of  service,  in  con 
sequence  of  wounds  received  or  sickness  incurred  in  the  course  of  such 
service,  will  be  entitled  to  a  bounty  of  160  acres  of  land,  to  be  located  by 
the  volunteer,  or  by  his  heirs,  at  any  land  office  of  the  United  States  he 
or  they  may  choose,  or  instead  of  the  land,  he  may,  if  he  desires  it,  re 
ceive  a  treasury  scrip  for  one  hundred  dollars,  bearing  an  interest  of  six 
per  cent,  per  annum,  payable  half-yearly. 

XII.  In  respect  to  subsistence  before  arriving  at  the  place  of  ren 
dezvous  and  for  traveling  home  from  the  place  of  discharge,  the  allow 
ance  is  fifty  cents  for  every  twenty  miles  distance,  to  be  paid  by  the 
United  States,  but  not  until  after  the  volunteer  is  received  into  the 

XIII.  The   proper   officers   of   the    staff   departments    of   the   United 
States  will  be  immediately  sent  to  the  place  of  rendezvous  with  funds  to 
defray  the  necessary  expenses  which  may  be  incurred,  agreeably  to  law. 

XIV.  It  will  be  recollected  that  under  the  general  orders  of  last  year 
the  companies  composing  the  three  regiments  then  raised  in  Indiana  were 
accepted  in  the  order  in  which  they  were  reported,  and  that  after  thirty 
companies  had  been   so  accepted  divers   other   companies  were   reported, 
whose  services  the  commauder-in-chief  was  with  great  regret  compelled  to 
decline  for  the  reason  that  the  limited  number  called  for  by  the  United 
States  had  already  been  supplied.     By  the  6th  article  of  the  fifth  general 


order,  dated  June  15th,  1846,  it  was  stated  that  "should  the  honor  or  in 
terests  of  the  country  occasion  another  and  similar  call  on  the  citizen  sol 
diers  of  Indiana  the  companies  subsequently  reported  will  be  entitled  to 
the  preference,  should  they  still  desire  it."  To  enable  all  such  companies 
to  avail  themselves  of  such  preference  this  General  Order,  with  the  Execu 
tive  Proclamation,  will  be  transmitted  by  mail  to  the  commandants  there 
of,  who  are  not  known  to  be  absent.  In  case  of  their  absence  it  will  be 
transmitted  to  some  public-spirited  citizen  of  the  proper  county,  who  is 
hereby  requested  to  place  the  same  in  the  hands  of  the  highest  officer  of 
the  company  wiio  may  be  found  willing  to  engage  in  the  service.  Should 
any  of  the  men  who  attached  themselves  to  the  company  last  year  be  ab 
sent  or  decline  to  engage  in  the  service,  it  will,  of  course,  be  allowable,  to 
fill  their  places  with  fresh  recruits. 

XV.  The  companies  referred  to   in  the  next  preceding  section  desir 
ous  of  engaging  in  the  service  will  be  received  in  the  order  in  which  they 
were   reported   last   year,   if  they   are  reported   within   a    reasonable  time, 
otherwise  others  and  fresh  companies  may  be  allowed  the  preference. 

XVI.  It  is  very  desirable  therefore  that  the  undersigned  be  informed 
forthwith,  on  behalf  of  any  company  formerly  reported,  of  the  receipt  of 
this  General  Order  and  of  the  probability  of  such  company  being  filled  and 
reported,  and  at  what  probable  time. 

XVII.  A  supplemental   order  will   be  shortly  issued  recommending  a 
suitable  uniform,  and  of  what  kind  (the  procuring  of  which,  however,  had 
better  be  deferred  until  the  company  arrives  at  the  place  of  rendezvous) 
with  such  particulars  as  may  be  deemed  important  for  the  efficiency  and 
welfare  of  the  volunteers. 

The  Commander-in-Chief  entertains  the  fullest  confidence  that  the 
feelings  of  patriotism  natural  to  the  bosom  of  every  American  and  the 
superior  inducements  now  held  out  to  the  citizen  soldiers  of  Indiana  over 
those  which  were  extended  to  their  brethren  in  arms  who  so  promptly  en 
gaged  in  the  service  last  year,  will  cause  them  to  sieze  with  alacrity  the 
present  occasion  (most  probably  the  last  that  will  be  offered  to  them  dur 
ing  the  present  war)  of  rallying  to  the  standard  of  their  country  and  of 
nobly  distinguishing  themselves  in  its  service. 

By  order  of  the  Governor  and  Cominander-in-Chief. 

Adjutant-General    Indiana  Militia. 


Lawrenceburg  Register,  April  2'f,  Irt.'i7. 

The  citizens  of  Lawrenceburg  and  vicinity  are  requested  to  meet  at 
the  court  house  this  evening,  April  24,  at  7  o'clock,  to  make  some  prelimi 
nary  arrangements  for  a  grand  reception  and  barbecue  to  be  given  to  the 
Indiana  volunteers  on  their  return  from  the  wars. 

This  is  a  matter  that  every  Indianian  ought  to  feel  an  interest  in. 
The  object  of  the  meeting  tonight  is  to  form  committees  of  correspondence 
and  arrangements  so  that  a  general  invitation  can  be  offered  to  the  boys  on 


their  arrival  at  New  Orleans  and  that  a  grand  feast  may  be  prepared  for 
them  on  their  arrival  at  home  in  honor  of  their  noble  deeds  in  their  coun 
try's  struggle  on  the  field  of  carnage.  Arrangements  will  be  made  for  the 
transportation  of  the  Shelby  boys  to  their  homes  from  this,  place,  and  we 
shall  expect  all  their  friends  to  join  in  the  general  glorification. 


Madison  Courier,  April  24,  1847. 

We  learn  that  Mr.  William  P.  Green,  son  of  George  Green,  of  this 
county,  was  inhumanly  murdered  at  Saltillo  some  time  since  by  a  party  of 
Mexicans.  Green  and  a  young  man  by  the  name  of  Edwards  were  out 
grazing  their  horses  together  when  a  number  of  Mexicans  rushed  from 
their  place  of  concealment  and  inflicted  severe  wounds  with  a  bowie  knife 
on  their  persons.  Green  received  six  stabs. 



INDIANAPOLIS.  April  27.  1847. 
General  Order  No.  10. 

I.  No  company  of  volunteers  contemplated  by  the  proclamation  of  the 
present  month  will  mnreh  to  the  place  of  rendezvous  unless  at  his  own  risk 
until  reported  to  and  accepted  by  the  undersigned;    which  acceptance  will 
be  promptly  communicated  by  letter. 

II.  As  already  stated,  the  companies  which  were  reported  too  late, 
and  whose  services  were  therefore  declined  last  year,  are  entitled  to  be 
received,  under  the  present  call,   in  the  order  in  which  they  were  then 
reported,  should  they  still  insist  upon  such  preference. 

III.  As  those  companies  were  raised  at  unequal  distances  from  this 
point  it  is  impracticable  to  fix   any  precise  time  within  which  they  are 
required  to  report  themselves  to  the  undersigned,  a  reasonable  time  will  be 
allowed  for  that  purpose,  necessarily  subject,  however,  to  the  provisions  of 
the  following  section  : 

IV.  Should  the  time  which  may  be  hereafter  indicated  from  the  War 
Department,  or  other  proper  authority,  for  the  volunteers  to  march  to  the 
place  of  rendezvous,  not  admit  of  waiting  longer  to  receive  a  tender  of 
service  from  any  company  reported  last  year,  then  the  first  ten  companies, 
whether  old  or  new.  which  are  found  reported  at  the  latest  period  neces 
sary  for  them  to  reach  the  place  of  rendezvous  will  be  preferred  and  con 
sequently  accepted. 

V.  From  the  foregoing  and  from  the  fact  that  great  expedition  is 
necessary,  it  will  be  seen  that  while  there  is  encouragement  held  out  to 
raise  entirely  new  companies,  it  is  of  the  utmost  importance  to  the  old 
companies  desirous  of  availing  themselves  of  the  preference  now  offered  to 
them  to  notify  the  undersigned  of  their  readiness  with  the  least  possible 


VI.  In  relation  to  clothing :    a  dress  or  parade  uniform  is  never  re 
quired  in  actual  service,  and  doubtless  would  not  be  used  by  either  officer 
or  private  of  the  present  regiment  during  their  term,  even  if  procured.    To 
purchase  such  would  therefore  be  a  useless  expense.     A  service  uniform 
only  is  necessary.     It  is  recommended    (not  required)    that  for  neatness 
and  comfort  it  consist  of  a  grey  mixed,  or  blue  jeans  hunter's  frock  coat 
and  pantaloons,  without  straps,  the  coat  reaching  half  way  down  the  thigh, 
double-breasted,   double   row   of   white  metal   buttons,   eagle   stampted  or 
black  mould,  made  to  button  close  around  the  throat.     The  same  material 
will  answer  for  all  the  officers,  only  the  sergeants  to  wear  white  worsted 
epaulets  on  each  shoulder,  and  the  pants  to  have  a  white  or  red  worsted 
stripe  one  and  one-half  inches  wide  down  the  sides ;    the  corporals  to  wear 
epaulets  without  the  stripes;    the  orderly  sergeant  to  be  distinguished  by 
a  red  worsted  sash  on  duty,  and  the  commissioned  officers  to  have  a  single 
instead  of  a  double  row  of  buttons  on  the  front  of  the  coat. 

VII.  No  more  will  be  needed  for  each  man  than  two  uniform  suits, 
two  pairs  stout  shoes  with  broad  and  thick  soles,  a  comfortable  hat  suit 
able  for  a  southern  climate,  a  forage  cap,  two  cotton  shirts,  two  flannel 
shirts,  two  pairs  of  drawers,  four  pairs  of  stockings,  one  good  blanket,  and 
if  convenient,  an  overcoat  is  considered  desirable.     All  these  articles  can 
doubtless  be  procured  in  any  desirable  quantity,  and  made  to  order  on  rea 
sonable  terms,  at  or  near  the  place  of  rendezvous,  where,  as  has  already 
been  remarked,  the  funds  will  be  furnished  by  the  United  States  to  enable 
the  volunteers  to  procure  them. 

By  order  of  the  Commander-in-Chief. 

Adjutant-General  Indiana  Militia. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  April  28,  1847. 

We  have  a  very  interesting  letter  from  Lieutenant  Van  Buren  of  the 
regular  army,  who,  it  will  be  recollected,  recruited  an  excellent  corps  of 
dragoons  in  this  vicinity,  which  our  limits  forbid  immediate  insertion. 
We  will  endeavor  to  give  the  whole  or  a  part  soon.  As,  however,  it  may 
tend  to  relieve  the  anxiety  of  friends  of  the  soldiers,  we  make  room  for 
the  following  list  of  deaths,  etc.,  in  the  regiment  of  mounted  riflemen, 
since  December,  1846.  Companies  E,  G  and  K  were  recruited  in  Indiana. 

Died- — T.  M.  Davis,  Company  A;  Corporal  Gillingham,  Company  B; 
James  Langford,  Company  D ;  H.  K.  Rice,  Company  E ;  J.  C.  Scott,  Com 
pany  E ;  J.  M.  Scott,  Company  E ;  Orin  Huntress,  Company  E ;  John  Dale, 
Company  E ;  James  Limes,  Company  E ;  Lewis  Bryan,  Company  E ;  F.  P. 
Newton,  Company  E ;  James  Douglass,  Company  E ;  T.  E.  Limper,  Com 
pany  F;  H.  H.  Carter,  Company  G;  H.  Wherdered,  Company  G;  Benja 
min  Jolley,  Company  G;  J.  Sparks,  Company  H;  W.  P.  Wicks,  Company 
H;  W.  Adertenn,  Company  H;  James  L.  Pierce,  Company  K;  Jessup  M. 
Smith,  Company  K;  Dennis  Lairy,  Company  K;  J.  E.  Henson,  Company 
K ;  Josiah  Hollo  well,  Company  K. 

Killed — T.  Cunningham,  Company  A,  near  Buena  Vista,  March  llth. 


Wounded — Thomas  Weller,  Company  B,  in  a  skirmish  near  Vera  Cruz, 
March  llth;  H.  Neal,  Company  B,  March  llth;  Sergeant  W.  B.  Lane, 
Company  D,  in  a  skirmish  on  Jalapa  Road,  March  4th;  J.  Turluna,  Com 
pany  E,  in  a  skirmish  on  Jalapa  Road,  March  24th ;  F.  Wasson,  Company 
C,  same  place  and  date.  All  doing  well. 

Wasson  had  three  fingers  cut  off  in  resisting  an  attempt  of  two  Mexi 
cans  to  wrest  his  rifle  from  him.  He  received  two  cuts  with  a  sabre,  the 
first  taking  off  the  ends  of  his  fingers,  the  next  taking  them  off  closer  to 
his  hand.  He  would  not  give  up  his  rifle  but  with  his  life. 


Louisville  Democrat,  April  29,  1847. 

Major  Gorman  of  the  Third  Indiana,  of  whom  honorable  mention 
is  made  in  General  Taylor's  dispatches,  was  in  the  city  yesterday.  He  re 
ceived  two  wounds,  besides  being  badly  hurt  by  the  fall  of  his  horse,  shot 
under  him.  He  gives  a  glowing  description  of  the  charge  made  by  the 
Kentucky  cavalry,  which  saved  him  and  his  command  from  destruction. 
The  meeting  of  the  Mexican  Lancers  and  Lieutenant  Field's  command, 
when  the  two  commands  advanced  upon  each  other  in  mortal  combat,  Ma 
jor  Gorman  describes  in  graphic  colors. 

Major  Gorman  has  a  complimentary  furlough  for  the  remainder  of 
his  term  of  service ;  he,  however,  intends  to  return. 


Madison  Courier,  May  1,  1847. 

WTe  learn  with  pleasure  that  our  fellow  citizen,  Dr.  Benjamin  K.  Da 
vidson,  who  went  as  a  private  in  Captain  Sullivan's  company,  has  received 
the  appointment  of  surgeon  in  the  United  States  Army.  A  better  appoint 
ment  could  not  have  been  made. 

Madison  Courier,  May  1,  1847. 


By  John  O.  Dunn.  Asst.  Surgeon,  U.  S.  A. 

Up,  up  the  wild  mountain — 

Up,  up  to  the  fight ! 
Hark !  the  bugle  of  war 

Sounds  far  o'er  the  height. 

The  foe  is  above  us — 

In  thousands  they  gorge 
The  time-crumbled  cliffs. 

Yet  on  to  the  charge. 


Though  few  be  our  numbers, 

Our  rifles  so  dread 
Shall  people  the  mountain 

With  wounded  and  dead. 

Ram,  ram  the  dread  cartridge, 

Aim  dead  at  the  foe — 
The  cheers  of  our  brethren 

Resound  from  below. 

Fire  !  fire  !  how  they  tumble — 

Shout,  shout  for  the  State, 
Whose  young  bosom  sent  thee 

To  war  with  the  great! 

Let  her  arms  shine  unsullied, 

Her  glory  be  bright — 
For  she  opened  the  battle, 

She  ended  the  fight! 

BUENA  VISTA,  March  2,  1847. 

This  Rifle  Battalion  was  commanded  by  Major  W.  A.  Gorman,  Second 
Regiment,  who  was  wounded  in  said  battle,  and  who  is  now  in  this  city. 
— From  the  ~New  Orleans  Delta. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  Mai/  9,  1847. 

Six  companies  have  already  reported  to  the  Adjutant-General  as  being 
nearly  full,  and  by  the  time  this  is  read  others  may  be  received.  They  are 
all  filling  up  in  an  incredibly  short  space  of  time  and,  notwithstanding  labor 
is  in  great  demand  and  the  season  exceedingly  busy,  we  have  no  doubt  but 
that  a  half  a  dozen  regiments  could  be  promptly  raised.  Those  boys  who 
wish  to  be  accepted  must  hurry  or  many  will  be  disappointed. 


Indiana  ticntincl,  May  9,  1847. 

BUENA  VISTA,  MEXICO,  March  13,  1847. 

I  wrote  you  a  short  account  of  the  battle  we  fought  at  this  place,  but 
did  not  give  you  all  the  particulars.  I  wish  now  to  give  the  people  of 
Indiana  a  few  facts  connected  with  it  in  order  to  vindicate  the  Second 
Indiana  from  unmerited  disgrace.  They  commenced  the  battle  on  the 
morning  of  the  23d  in  as  fine  a  style  as  any  body  of  troops  on  earth  could, 
and  fought  as  bravely  until  11  o'clock,  when  they  retreated  in  confusion 
and  a  part  of  them  could  not  be  afterward  rallied.  They  mustered  on  the 
field  much  less  than  400  men  and  were  opposed,  at  the  time  they  gave  way, 


to  at  least  4,000  Mexican  troops  and  exposed  to  the  fire  of  one  of  the  ene 
my's  batteries  at  the  same  time.  This  state  of  things  would  not  have  jus 
tified  thorn  in  retreating,  nor  was  it  the  reason  they  did  so. 

They  were  manfully  maintaining  their  ground  against  all  the  immense 
odds  and  Brigadier-General  Lane  had  ordered  the  battery  on  their  right  to 
take  an  advanced  position  with  a  view  of  bringing  the  regiment  closer  to 
the  enemy  that  their  fire  might  be  more  effective.  Before  his  aid-de-camp 
had  time  to  return  from  delivering  the  order  to  advance  to  the  battery  and 
while  he  was  still  waiting  for  his  return  in  order  to  give  the  necessary 
orders  for  advancing  the  troops,  they  gave  way  on  the  right  and  in  a  few 
minutes  the  whole  line  was  in  full  retreat.  This  unfortunate  circumstance 
was  very  near  losing  us  the  victory  and  costing  the  lives  of  the  whole 
army,  for  it  has  since  been  ascertained  that  Santa  Anna  had  given  orders 
to  take  no  prisoners,  and  it  has  covered  the  regiment  and  the  State  with 
disgrace.  This  odium  must  be  removed  and  the  establishment  of  one  fact 
is  sufficient  to  do  it.  THEY  WERE  ORDERED  TO  RETREAT  BY  THEIR 

Colonel  William  A.  Bowles,  the  Colonel  of  that  regiment,  had  acted 
during  the  fight  in  a  way  but  little  calculated  to  inspire  his  men  with 
confidence  in  his  bravery.  He  dismounted  as  soon  as  the  firing  commenced 
and  endeavored  to  shield  himself  by  staying  immediately  in  the  rear  of 
his  troops  with  his  horse  between  him  and  the  enemy's  battery  and  while 
the  men  were  fighting  as  bravely  as  men  ever  fought  and  no  one  thinking 
of  retreating  he  gave  the  order  to  "Cease  firing  and  retreat." 

This  led  to  a  disorderly  flight  and  some  few  of  the  men  could  not  be 
induced  again  to  join  the  troops  and  continue  the  fight  Two-thirds  or 
three- fourths  of  the  regiment,  however,  were  rallied  by  their  officers  and 
fought  bravely  throughout  the  rest  of  the  action,  which  continued  until 

The  odium  of  this  retreat  should  not  attach  to  the  men  who  retreated, 
but  to  the  officer  who  gave  the  order.  Had  they  not  obeyed  it  they  would 
have  boon  guilty  of  one  of  the  gravest  military  offenses  and  justly  liable  to 
severest  punishment. 


Mate  Journal,  Hay  11,  1847. 

In  inserting  the  following  General  Order  providing  for  the  settlement 
of  claims  of  discharged  volunteer  soldiers  for  bounty  land  or  Treasury 
scrip,  we  are  requested  to  .invite  attention  to  its  provisions.  As  the  just 
claims  of  volunteers  can  only  be  established  and  settled  on  furnishing  the 
requisite  evidence  in  such  cases  the  volunteer  officers  should  make  them 
selves  fully  acquainted  with  the  regulation  and  be  governed  accordingly. 


WASHINGTON.  April  22,  1847. 
General  Orders  No.  18. 

I.     In  order  to  secure  without  delay  or  inconvenience  to  the  volunteer 
soldier  who  shall  receive  an  honorable  discharge,  or  who  shall  have  been 


killed  or  died  of  wounds  (or  his  heirs,  etc..  as  the  case  may  he),  a  bounty 
land  or  Treasury  scrip  provided  by  the  9th  section  of  this  act,  February 
11,  1847,  it  is  necessary  that  the  following  instructions  be  duly  observed  by 
the  officers  concerned  : 

II.  Volunteers    mustered   out   of   service   on    the   expiration    of   their 
term.     The  rolls  for  this  purpose  must  contain  all  the  names  which  have 
been  borne  on  the  previous  muster-rolls  from  the  first  or  the  one  mustered 
into  service,  including  all  who  have  died,  been  discharged  or  have  deserted 
since  the  enrollment  of  the  company  with  appropriate  remarks  opposite  the 
name  of  each  respectively.     All  absentees  must  be  satisfactorily  accounted 
for  by  explanations  recorded  in  the  column  of  remarks.     This  roll  contain 
ing  the  information  above  required  will  be  prepared  and  completed  at  the 
time   the   company   may  be   discharged   and   be   forwarded   by   the    officer 
charged  with  mustering  it  out  of  service,  directed  to  the  Adjutant-Gen 
eral's  Office,  War  Department,  endorsed :     "For  the  Commissioner  of  Pen 
sions,  Bounty  Land  Bureau."     The  roll  will  only  vary  from  the  ordinary 
muster  roll  used  for  the  payment  of  pensions  by  the  addition  of  the  names 
of  all  who  have  died,  been  captured,  discharged  or  have  deserted  since  the 
date  of  muster  into  service. 

III.  Individual  discharge  of  volunteers  before  the  expiration  of  their 
term  in  consequence  of  wounds  received  or  sickness  incurred  in  the  course 
of  service. 

The  certificate  of  disability  and  discharge  in  such  cases  will  be  given 
in  duplicate  and  must,  in  every  instance,  set  forth  the  origin  and  nature  of 
the  wound  received  or  sickness  incurred  in  the  course  of  the  service  agree 
able  to  the  established  printed  form  dated  April  22,  1847.  One  copy  of  this 
certificate  will  be  forwarded  by  the  officer  signing  the  discharge  of  the  vol 
unteer  soldier,  direct  to  the  Adjutant-General  of  the  army,  endorsed :  "For 
the  Commissioner  of  Pensions,  Bounty  Land  Bureau." 

IV.  The  Commissioner  of  Pensions,  under  the  direction  of  the  Secre 
tary  of  War,  being  charged  by  law  with  the  business  of  investigating  the 
claims  for  bounty  land,  etc.,  provided  by  the  munificence  of  the  Govern 
ment,  commanders  of  volunteer  regiments  and  companies  will  see  the  neces 
sity  of  preparing  and  forwarding,  as  herein  required,  the  requisite  muster- 
roll  or  certificate,  as  the  case  may  be,  having  the  necessary  evidence  of 
service  and  of  honorable  discharge  to  enable  a  faithful  volunteer,  or  his 
heirs,  to  receive  from  the  War  Department  the  certificate  or  warrant  for 
the  bounty  of  100  acres  or  a  Treasury  scrip  for  $100  as  provided  by  the 

V.  The  "Surgeon's  certificate  of  ordinary  disability"  in  cases  of  in 
valid  soldiers  of  the  regular  army  will   hereafter  be  forwarded  in  dupli 
cate,  one  of  which  to  be  endorsed,   "For  the  Commissioner  of  Pensions, 
Bounty  Land  Bureau." 

By  order  of 



Indiana  Sentinel,  May  12, 

BUENA  VISTA.  March  29.  1847. 

EDITOR  SEXTINEL  —  I  must  give  you  a  few  lines.  Several  days  after  the 
battle  General  Lane  learned  from  several  persons  that  Colonel  Bowles 
gave  the  order  to  retreat  and  that  he  was  guilty  of  unsoldierlike  conduct 
on  the  day  of  the  battle.  General  Lane  preferred  charges  against  him  and 
sent  them  on  to  General  Taylor,  who  had  gone  to  Monterey.  General  Tay 
lor  refused  to  order  a  court-martial,  but  stated  that  Colonel  Bowles  could 
have  a  court  of  inquiry  //  he  desired  it.  Every  reasonable  man  exacted 
that  he  would  lose  no  time  in  calling  .for  a  court  of  inquiry,  but  they  were 
disappointed.  The  Colonel  chose  rather  to  take  the  say  so  of  General  Tay 
lor  than  to  have  the  whole  tacts  come  out.  As  soon  as  General  Lane  saw 
that  Colonel  Bowles  would  not  call  for  a  court  of  inquiry  he  demanded  a 
court  of  inquiry  to  investigate  his  own  conduct,  stating  that  some  one  was 
to  blame  for  the  retreat  of  the  Second  Regiment,  and  if  any  blame  was  to 
be  attached  to  him  the  world  should  know  it.  and  the  regiment  should  not 
suffer  on  his  account,  and  I  have  no  fears  as  to  the  result.  The  conduct 
of  General  Lane  will  receive  that  praise  which  he  rightly  merits  because 
the  facts  will  come  out.  No  one  accuses  General  Lane  of  any  improper 
conduct  on  the  day  of  the  battle.  His  bravery  is  generally  admitted.  I 
think  it  will  be  shown  that  General  Wool  did  not  make  a  correct  report 
in  relation  to  the  Second  Regiment,  but  this  may  not  have  been  the  fault 
of  General  Wool.  Perhaps  he  was  misinformed.  Yours,  etc.. 



"Campaign  in  Mexico,"  Isaac  Reid.  P'irst  Indiana.  May,  1847. 

On  the  24th  of  May  the  Second  and  Third  Indiana  regiments  left 
Bnena  Vista  for  New  Orleans.  Before  leaving  the  encampment  the  regi 
ments  were  formed  in  line,  when  General  Wool  delivered  a  short  address 
and  bade  them  adieu. 

The  First  Indiana  Regiment  left  Monterey  on  the  same  day.  when  the 
following  correspondence  was  read : 

CAMP  XEAR  MOXTEREY,  MEXICO.  May  22,  1847. 

Major-General  Z.  Taylor,  Commanding,  etc. : 

DEAR  SIR — In  pursuance  to  your  order  I  will,  on  the  morning  of  the 
24th  inst.  put  my  command  in  motion  for  the  United  States  to  be  mustered 
out  of  the  service  at  New  Orleans.  I  cannot  leave  the  service  without  ex 
pressing  to  yon  for  myself  and  the  troops  under  my  command  our  pro 
found  gratitude  for  the  very  kind  and  courteous  treatment  we  have  re 
ceived  at  your  hands.  Permit  me  to  assure  you  that  when  we  change  the 
life  of  a  soldier  for  that  of  a  citizen  we  shall  each  and  all  cherish  towards 
you  attachments  which  time  can  never  efface.  We  feel  a  great  regret  that 
we  had  not  the  honor  of  participating  with  you  in  the  glorious  battles 


which  you  have  so  nobly  won  since  we  have  been  in  the  field.  Hoping  that 
a  like  h.rilliant  career  awaits  your  future  life  that  has  crowned  your  last 
year's  operations.  1  have  the  honor  to  subscribe  myself. 

Your  very  obedient  servant. 

J.   P.  DRAKE,   Colonel, 

First  Regiment  Indiana   Volunteers. 

CAMP  NEAR  MONTEREY,  MEXICO.  May  22.  1847. 
Colonel  J.  1*.  Drake: 

DEAR  SIR — Your  very  acceptable  letter  of  this  morning  was  this  mo 
ment  handed  me.  For  the  approbatory  terms  in  which  you  have  been 
pleased  to  speak  on  your  own.  as  well  as  on  the  part  of  your  regiment,  of 
the  existing  relations  between  us.  as  well  as  the  kind  feelings  which  will 
be  carried  and  cherished  towards  me  on  your  return  to  civil  life,  when  on 
the  eve  of  separating  and  returning  to  your  homes,  in  consequence  of  the 
expiration  of  your  term  of  service  with  the  government,  has  created  feel 
ings  which  are  difficult  to  express,  but  which  are  highly  gratifying  as  well 
as  duly  appreciated.  I  regret  that  it  was  not  your  good  fortune  as  well  as 
your  excellent  regiment,  to  have  participated  in  one.  at  least,  of  the  hard- 
fought  battles  which  have  taken  place  since  our  arrival  in  Mexico,  know 
ing  as  I  do  your  and  their  great  anxiety  to  have  done  so ;  in  which  case  I 
am  satisiied  you  would  not  only  have  acquired  fame  and  honor  for  your 
selves,  but  for  your  State  and  the  country ;  but  circumstances  over  which 
you  had  no  control  prevented  it.  All  must  know  who  are  in  the  slightest 
degree  acquainted  with  military  operations  in  carrying  on  a  war  in  an  ene 
my's  country,  oven1  long  lines  from  the  base  of  operations,  which  has  been 
our  case,  that  a  considerable  portion  of  the  troops  employed  must  be  en 
gaged  in  guarding  depots,  keeping  open  lines  of  communications,  escorting 
trains,  etc..  which  duties  are  as  .important,  arduous  and  dangerous  as  the 
duties  of  those  who  may  be  engaged  in  battle,  each  depending  upon  the 
other  to  insure  success,  therefore  equally  honorable  to  all  concerned;  and 
1  can  bear  ample  testimony  to  the  zeal  and  ability  with  which  the  First 
Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers  discharged  most  of  the  duties  referred  to. 
also  many  others,  as  well  as  the  fortitude  with  which  they  bore  up  under 
disease  so  common  and  so  much  to  be  dreaded  by  citizen  soldiers  on  their 
first  entering  the  service,  especially  when  suddenly  transferred'  from  a 
northern  to  a  southern  climate,  more  by  far  than  the  balls  and  bayonets  of 
the  enemy;  also  your  great  desire  to  be  in  the  advance;  all  of  which  is  the 
very  best  evidence  had  you  come  in  collision  with  the  enemy  you  would 
have  done  your  duty  and  the  honor  of  our  flag  and  our  country  been  safe 
in  your  keeping. 

Be  assured.  Colonel,  you  will  carry  with  you  my  best  wishes  for  a 
quick  and  safe  journey  to  your  homes,  a  happy  meeting  with  your  family 
and  friends,  as  well  as  continued  health  and  prosperity  through  life. 

With  considerations  of  great  respect  and  esteem,  I  remain. 
Truly  and  sincerely  your  obedient  servant, 

Major-General   U.   S.  Army. 


"Campaign  in  Mexico"  Isaac  Reed,  First  Indiana.  Mat/.  184"?. 

The  First  Indiana  Regiment  proceeded  with  a  large  train  in  the  direc 
tion  of  Camargo.  As  we  passed  along  the  serpentine  route  we  beheld  for 
the  last  time  the  many  crosses  at  Agua  Frio.  the  fatal  spot  where  the  de 
fenseless  wagoners  were  murdered ;  the  ruins  of  Ramos  and  Corristos.  and 
the  thousand  peaks  and  ridges  of  the  Sierra  Madre.  We  arrived  at  Camar- 
go  on  the  28th  of  May.  On  the  29th  we  crossed  the  San  Juan  and  pro 
ceeded  to  San  Francisco,  on  the  Rio  Grande,  by  moonlight.  Here  we  met 
Major  Talbott  of  the  Sixteenth  Infantry  and  three  or  four  companies.  On 
the  30th  the  regiment  embarked  on  the  Corvette  and  Troy,  and  on  the  3d 
of  June  arrived  at  the  mouth  of  the  Rio  Grande.  On  the  4th  the  regiment 
proceeded  to  Brazos  Santiago,  and  on  the  oth  sailed  for  New  Orleans  on 
the  schooners  Sarah  Jane  and  Desdemona  and  the  brig  Fidelia.  The  only 
new  troops  left  on  the  line  of  the  Rio  Grande  and  the  Sierra  Madre  were 
the  Massachusetts.  Mississippi.  Virginia  and  North  Carolina  regiments. 
Texas  Rangers.  Sixteenth  Infantry  and  a  company  of  dragoons.  After  a 
very  pleasant  voyage  the  First  Regiment  arrived  at  New  Orleans  on  the 
10th  and  llth  of  June. 

On  arriving  at  the  Crescent  City  the  Jews,  slopshop  keepers,  and  land 
speculators  were  among  the  first  to  call  upon  us.  The  Jews  and  slops  im 
portuned  our  patronage  and  wearied  our  patience  by  rehearsing  the  un 
paralleled  cheap  bargains  that  could  be  obtained  at  their  stores.  The  land 
speculators  were  eloquent  in  their  descriptions  of  the  great  difficulties  in 
procuring  land  warrants,  as  though  the  legal  process  was  only  exceeded  in 
intricacy  by  the  mathematical  calculations  of  the  number  of  square  inches 
in  the  moon,  or  the  aggregate  weight  of  the.  flying  fish  in  the  gulf.  But 
these  land  sharks  were  so  patriotic  and  so  benevolent  that  they  would,  for 
the  sake  of  our  accommodation,  pay  us  $63  for  each  claim  of  100  acres  of 
land,  and  run  the  risk  of  figuring  out  the  complicated  question  before  the 
world  should  come  to  an  end.  Colonel  Drake.  Lieutenant-Colonel  Lane. 
Major  Donaldson  and  all  the  company  officers  very  properly  discouraged 
such  a  sacrifice  of  claims.  In  order  to  prevent  the  speculators  from  suc 
ceeding  Lieutenant  F.  L.  Maddox,  of  the  Fountain  Riflemen,  voluntarily 
agreed  to  procure  the  warrants  for  all  of  that  company  without  charging 
any  fee.  Lieutenant  M.  afterward  redeemed  his  pledge,  for  which  he  is 
entitled  to  our  gratitude. 


Madison  Courier.  Mail  15. 

It  has  now  been  nearly  a  year  since  the  volunteers  from  Madison  left 
for  Mexico  and  their  time  will  have  expired  in  the  course  of  a  few  weeks. 
when  we  have  no  doubt  they  will  return  home  without  delay.  From  all 
accounts  it  appears  that  they,  together  with  their  fellow  soldiers  of  the 
Third  Regiment,  have  faithfully  discharged  the  duties  devolving  upon 
them  as  American  soldiers.  The  only  battle  they  have  had  the  privilege 
of  participating  in  was  that  of  liueiia  Vista,  and  on  that  occasion  their 


conduct  was  such  as  would  be  an  honor  to  any  State.  Gallantly  has  each 
company  redeemed  the  promises  made  to  the  ladies  of  Madison  on  the 
presentation  of  their  flags  to  carry  them  into  the  thickest  of  the  battle  and 
defend  them  at  the  point  of  the  bayonet.  No  doubt  the  ladies  will  in  a 
short  time  have  the  same  flags  returned  to  them,  battered  by  the  breeze 
and  pierced  by  the  musket  balls  of  the  enemy  as  they  are,  without  the  least 
stain  of  cowardice  imprinted  upon  them. 

But  it  is  not  our  intention  to  eulogize  the  many  deeds  of  valor  and 
renown  of  our  volunteers;  \ve  wish  to  impress  upon  the  mind  of  the  citi 
zens  of  the  short  time  that  it  will  be  ere  our  friends  now  in  Mexico  will 
return,  and  when  they  do  return  we  desire  that  they  receive  a  cordial  greet 
ing,  not  by  meeting  them  at  the  river  and  giving  them  a  dry  shake  of  the 
hand,  but  propose  calling  a  meeting  at  the  court  house  next  Saturday  for 
the  purpose  of  devising  some  way  of  giving  them  a  warm  reception.  We 
would  suggest  the  propriety  of  giving  a  free  barbecue,  inviting  all  of  the 
surrounding  country  to  participate  with  us  on  the  occasion.  We,  by  this 
means,  can  assure  our  volunteers  that  we  appreciate  the  manner  in  which 
they  have  conducted  themselves  since  they  left  us.  and  that  we  welcome 
them  back  with  grateful  hearts. 


Madison  Courier,  May  15,  1847. 

Captain  Smith  arrived  in  this  city  on  Wednesday  last  from  Lake 
County,  in  this  State,  with  one  hundred  and  eight  volunteers  for  the  Mexi 
can  War.  They  are  the  bone  and  sinew  of  the  land,  if  we  are  any  judge. 


State  Journal,  May  18,  ISJfl. 

The  Evausville  Journal  of  Tuesday  the  4th  hist.,  speaking  of  charges 
preferred  by  some  of  the  officers  of  the  Second  Regiment  of  Indiana  against 
Colonel  Bowles,  quotes  the  following  from  a  correspondent  in  the  army: 

"The  charges  against  Colonel  Bowles  having  been  forwarded  by  Gen 
eral  Wool  to  General  Taylor  for  his  sanction,  answer  has  been  returned 
that  he  will  not  entertain  the  charges  nor  order  a  court  martial  in  the  case 
because  General  Wool's  and  Colonel  Davis's  reports  of  the  battle  both  eulo 
gize  him.  Though  a  court  martial  is  refused  the  matter  will  not  rest  so. 
General  Lane  has  obtained  a  court  of  inquiry  into  his  conduct  on  that 
day  in  order  that  the  facts  connected  with  the  whole  matter  may  then  be 
brought  to  light." 

ORDERS  No.  295. 

HEADQUARTERS,  BUENA  VISTA,  May  23,  1847. 

The  departure  of  the  Second  and  Third  Regiments  tomorrow  under 
orders  for  New  Orleans,  there  to  be  discharged  from  their  military  en 
gagements,  makes  it  necessary  and  proper  for  the  General  commanding 


at  the  time  of  terminating  the  relations  which  have  existed  between  him 
self  and  these  troops,  to  say  a  few  words  in  relation  to  the  subject  con 
nected  with  their  conduct  in  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista,  in  which  the 
greater  part  have  done  such  good  service.  He  feels  that  the  moment  of 
parting  is  not  the  time  to  look  with  a  severe  eye  on  the  misconduct  of  a 
portion  of  those  troops  whose  companions  have .  merited  and  will  receive 
the  credit  which  a  grateful  people  always  yield  to  brave  men;  and  the 
recent  legal  investigations  cause  him  much  to  regret  that  a  fault  of 'judg 
ment  in  an  individual  at  a  critical  moment  should  have  been  the  means 
of  casting  a  deeper  shade  than  was  deserved  upon  that  portion  of  the 
Second  Regiment  who  have  been  censured.  He  feels  confident  that  time 
and  justice,  which  sooner  or  later  regulate  all  the  affairs  of  men,  will 
single  out  and  discriminate  the  bad  from  the  good  and  give  to  the  latter, 
without  qualification,  the  credit  which  is  due  them. 

The  General  regrets  deeply  that  he  is  to  lose  the  valuable  services  of 
Brigadier-General  Lane,  whose  integrity  and  zeal  and  close  attention  to 
all  the  requisitions  of  the  service  have  been  so  much  aid  to  him  in  the 
discharge  of  his  duties  and  whose  gallant  conduct  in  the  field  has  gained 
for  him  the  esteem  and  confidence  of  every  one. 

In  wishing  him  and  his  officers  and  men  a  safe  journey  home,  the 
General  bids  them  adieu. 

By  command  of  Brigadier-General  Wool. 

iRVix  MCDOWELL.  A.  A.  G. 



INDIANAPOLIS,  May  31,  1847. 
General  Orders  No.  12. 

I.  The  Governor  and  Commander-in-Chief  takes  great  pleasure  in  an 
nouncing  to  all  concerned  that  on  yesterday  the  ten  companies  of  infantry 
called  for  from  Indiana,  through  the  communication  from  the  Secretary  of 
War  of  the  19th  ultimo,  had  been  reported  to  this  office  and  their  services 
duly  tendered  and  accepted  for  the  existing  war  between  the  United  States 
and  Mexico,  and  the  companies  respectively  ordered  to  march  to  the  place 
of  rendezvous. 

II.  Several  other  companies  are  known  to  be  in  progress  of  organi 
zation  and  some  were  on  the  eve  of  being  reported  at  the  time  the  regi 
ment  was  filled.    The  Conmiander-in-Chief  is.  with  regret,  compelled  to  de 
cline  the  services  of  all  such,  in  consequence  of  the  requisition  being  al 
ready  complied  with,  as  above  stated. 

III.  The  following  are  the  companies  reported,  and  the  order  in  point 
of  time,  in  which  they  were  accepted,  viz. :     Captains  J.  M.  Wallace's,  W. 
T.    Baldridge's.    E.    Landers's.    J.    W.    Crook's,    J.    I.    Alexander's,    W.    W. 
McCoy's,  M.  Fitzgibbons's,  E.  Dumont's.  D.  Lunderman's  and  L.  Cochran's. 

IV.  Should  the  commandant  of  any  accepted  company  discover  that 
he  will  be  unable  to  march  his  company  organized-  and  full  to  the  place  of 
rendezvous,  he  will  immediately  report  such  expected  inability  to  the  un 
dersigned,  in  order  that  the  first  subsequently  reported  company  may  be 


assigned  to  the  vacancy  without  delay.     The  importance  of  a  prompt  ob 
servance  of  this  rule  must  be  manifest  to  all. 

V.  Unavoidable  obstacles  will  prevent  the  Commander-in-Chief  from 
repairing  (as  he  anxiously  desired)  to  the  place  of  rendezvous  for  the  pur 
pose  of  aiding  in  the  final  organization  of  the  regiment,  of  taking  early 
steps  for  filling  the  place  of  any  absent  company,  and  generally  of  consult 
ing  the  comfort  and  welfare  of  the  troops.  These  duties  will,  however,  be 
carefully  attended  to  by  the  undersigned,  who  will,  for  that  purpose,  re 
pair  to  Jeff ersonvi lie  by  the  5th  prox.,  after  which  time  all  military  cor 
respondence  should  be  addressed  to  him  at  that  point. 

By  order  of  the  Governor  and  Commander-in-Chief, 

Adjutant-General  Indiana  Militia. 


Indiana  Sentinel.  Mai/  >>,  JN//7. 

Pursuant  to  previous  notice  a  public  meeting  was  held  at  the  court 
house  on  Wednesday  evening  to  make  arrangements  for  receiving  the  vol 
unteers  on  their  return.  On  motion  G.  A.  Chapman  was  called  to  the  chair 
and  the  object  of  the  meeting  being  stated,  it  was,  on  motion  of  Hon. 
W.  W.  Wick,  resolved  that  a  committee  of  seven  be  appointed  by  the  chair 
to  prepare  a  system  of  arrangements  and  report  at  an  adjourned  meeting. 

The  chair  appointed  the  following  gentlemen :  Hon.  W.  W.  Wick, 
Thomas  M.  Baker,  Andrew  Smith,  Thomas  M.  Smith.  Dr.  L.  Dunlap,  Basil 
Brown  and  John  S.  Spann.  The  following  committees  were  selected: 

First.  A  committee  to  correspond  with  Colonel  Drake  and  ascertain 
and  publish  the  day  on  which  the  volunteers  may  be  expected  to  arrive  at 
the  depot  at  Edinburg.  to  wit :  W.  W.  Wick.  David  Wallace,  G.  A.  Chap 
man,  N.  McCarty,  J.  G.  Defrees  and  N.  B.  Palmer. 

Second.  A  committee  to  procure  volunteers,  wagons  and  teams  to 
transport  the  volunteers  entirely  or  in  part  from  Edinburg  to  Indianapolis, 
to  wit:  T.  M.  Smith,  William  H.  Morrison,  John  M.  Talbott.  Samuel  \Vool- 
en  and  W.  B.  Preston. 

Third.  A  committee  to  take  order  in  reference  to  the  appropriate  cere 
monies  and  proceedings  of  a  gratulatory  character  on  the  arrival  of  the 
volunteers  at  Edinburg  or  Indianapolis,  or  both,  to  wit :  James  Blake, 
John  H.  Bradley,  David  Reynolds.  Albert  G.  Porter.  Nathaniel  Bolton. 
.fames  Morrison,  S.  V.  V.  Noel,  Livingstone  Dunlap  and  Douglass  McGuire. 

Fourth.  A  committee  to  take  order  to  make  arrangements  concerning 
appropriate  festivities  and  entertainments  on  the  occasion  of  such  arrival, 
to  wit :  Andrew  Smith.  Edward  Hedderly,  Matthew  Little,  George  Plant, 
S.  M.  Scoville  and  William  Biddle. 

Fifth.  A  committee  to  levy  subscriptions  with  instructions  to  con 
sult  with  the  other  committees  as  to  the  necessary  amounts  and  to  make 
contracts  and  pay  accounts:  T.  M.  Smith,  John  S.  Spann.  Joshua  Lans- 
dale  and  L.  M.  Vance. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  Hay  22,  1847. 

The  company  here  is  now  full  and  the  following  officers  have  been 
elected  and  commissioned :  Edward  Landers,  Captain ;  Abraham  Lewis, 
First  Lieutenant:  Benjamin  Franklin.  Second  Lieutenant:  Benjamin  Pil- 
bean.  Additional  Second  Lieutenant.  The  names  of  the  sergeants  and  cor 
porals  we  have  not  yet  learned. 

This  is  an  excellent  corps,  young,  active  and  full  of  fight,  and  among 
them  are  not  a  few  that  can  handle  a  musket.  Won't  our  ladies  make  an 
other  effort  and  present  them  with  a  flag?  Our  word  for  it,  they  will  not 
disgrace  it  nor  forget  the  donors. 



INDIANAPOLIS,  May  22,  1847. 
General  Orders  No.  11. 

I.  The  twenty-sixth  day  of  the  present  mouth  having  been  suggested  by 
Major  H.  Smith,  quartermaster,  through  Lieutenant-Colonel  J.  Erviug,  U. 
S.  A.,  as  a  proper  time  to  begin  receiving  companies  of  volunteers  at  the 
place  of  rendezvous  in  this  State,  and  satisfactory  information  having  been 
received  from  the  proper  authority  that  quarters  and  subsistence  for  the 
troops  will  be  provided  by  the  United  States  when  so  received,  and  as  the 
time  mentioned  will  not  admit  of  further  delay  to  enable  the  companies 
reported  last  year,  but  too  late  for  acceptance,  to  avail  themselves  of  a 
preference  over  others,  therefore,  as  intimated  in  Sec.  4,  General  Orders 
No.  10,  such  rule  of  preference  is  hereafter  abolished. 

II.  Captains  J.  M.  Wallace,  W.  T.  Baldridge.  E.  Lander  and  J.  W. 
Crooks    (whose  companies  have  been  already  organized,   reported  to  and 
accepted  by  the  undersigned)    will  therefore  march  their  respective  com 
mands  to  Old  Fort  Clark,  at  such  time  as  will  enable  them  to  reach  that 
point  not  sooner  than  the  2Gth  inst..  and  as  early  thereafter  as  possible. 

III.  The  six  companies  yet  to  be  raised  will  be  accepted  by  the  under 
signed  in  the  order  of  time  in  which  they  are  hereafter  reported  to  him  as 
full  and  organized,  without  reference  to  their  being  new  or  old  companies ; 
that  is  to  say,  the  first  six  companies  hereafter  reported  will  be  forthwith 
accepted ;   but  no  such  company  will  march  to  the  place  of  rendezvous  until 
the  captain  thereof  is  informed  by  letter  that  his  company  is  accepted,  and 
"he  therein  expressly  ordered  to  march. 

IV.  Although  other  companies  are  in  progress  of  being  raised,  yet  it 
is  not  improbable  that  the  remaining  six  companies  will  be  raised  in  less 
than  two,   and  perhaps  three  weeks  from  this  time.     Where  the  efforts 
making   in   neighboring   counties   and   by   different   persons   to   raise   com 
panies  are  likely  to  prove  unsuccessful,  it  is  suggested  that  the  object  might 
be  speedily  accomplished  by  throwing  different  fractions  or  imperfect  com 
panies  together. 

V.  ^  Information  has  been  received  from  Lieutenant-Colonel  J.  Irving, 
U.  S.  A.,  that  each  volunteer  will  receive,  before  he  leaves  the  place  of 


rendezvous,  besides  the  clothing  pay,  an  allowance  for  traveling  from  his 
home  to  that  place.  As  this  is  50  cents  for  every  twenty  miles,  it  will  be 
more  than  sullicieut  to  defray  the  expense  in  traveling  there.  If  the  offi 
cers  of  a  company,  or  any  citizens,  could  advance  the  sum  necessary  to  get 
the  men  to  the  place  of  rendezvous  it  might  be  done  without  the  slightest 
risk  or  loss  by  the  men  signing  an  order  to  the  paymaster  to  retain  from 
their  pay  the  amount  advanced,  and  pay  the  same  over  to  those  who  had 
advanced  it.  This  course  was  pursued  last  year  by  many  of  the  companies 
without  the  slightest  loss  or  difficulty,  and  thereby  much  delay  was  avoided. 
To  remove  any  obstacle,  however,  arising  from  a  possible  inability  of  offi 
cers  or  citizens  to  advance  the  small  sum  necessary  to  defray  such  ex 
penses,  inquiry  has  been  made  for  the  purpose  of  ascertaining  whether  the 
necessary  funds  cannot  be  obtained  from  one  of  the  branch  banks,  and  it 
is  expected  that  the  application  will  be  successful. 

By  order  of  the  Governor  and  Commander-in-Chief, 

Adjutant-General   Indiana  Militia. 


Lawrenccl)iiry  Rcyistcr,  May  27,  1847. 

Surely  the  war  spirit  has  taken  fast  hold  on  the  people  of  our  goodly 
city.  Last  week  we  stated  that  a  company  had  been  raised  under  the 
management  of  Captain  Baldridge  and  the  officers  have  now  received  their 
commissions  from  the  government  and  will  be  off  for  the  rendezvous  on 
Tuesday  or  Wednesday  next. 

Ebenezer  Dumont,  Esq.,  as  soon  as  his  company  was  about  full,  took 
the  spirit  and  is  now  recruiting  a  company,  and  is  meeting  with  much  more 
success  than  we  thought  possible  for  a  second  company. 


State  Journal,  May  28,  J8//7. 

Captain  Landers  left  this  city  with  his  company  for  the  place  of  ren 
dezvous  last  Wednesday.  They  were  a  line,  hale,  robust  set  of  fellows  and 
will  doubtless  conduct  themselves  with  credit  to  the  State.  It  is  rumored 
that  ex-Govornor  Wallace  is  about  forming  another  company  for  the  same 
destination.  Governor  Wallace  is  a  graduate  of  the  military  academy  at 
West  Point. 

Madison  Courier,  May  29,  18Jt7. 

IN  CAMP  BUENA  VISTA,  April  19,  1847. 

EDITOR  NEW  ORLEANS  DELTA— It  is  an  error  that  the  Indiana  Brigade, 
as  a  brigade,  was  in  default.  The  First  Regiment  was  on  the  Rio  Grande, 
the  Second  on  the  extreme  left  of  the  line  of  battle  and  the  Third  on  the 


extreme  right  of  the  field,  further  separated  than  any  other  two  regiments 
on  the  field.  I  suppose  your  informant  was  led  into  error  because  Briga 
dier-General  Lane-  was  with  the  Second  Regiment.  It  is  an  error  that  my 
regiment  ever  hesitated  for  a  single  instant,  and  it  has  the  signal  merit 
of  being  one,  if  not  the  only  one,  in  the  action  that  did  not  retreat. 

Our  position  was  in  the  road  by  which  alone  the  artillery  of  the  enemy 
could  be  brought  forward  and  only  exposed  to  the  artillery  fire  until  the 
Second  Indiana.  Kentucky,  Illinois  and  Mississippi  troops  had  been  suc 
cessively  driven  back  by  the  overpowering  force  of  the  enemy.  The  enemy 
having  been  twice  repulsed  in  our  front  and  having  completely  turned  our 
left  flank  and  taken  position  next  to  the  mountain,  we  were  ordered  there 
and  formed  a  junction  with  Colonel  Da  vis's  regiment  and  the  Second  Indi 
ana,  which  had  been  rallied;  this  force  advanced  upon  the  infantry  and 
lancers  and  kept  up  a  brisk  fire  until  ordered  to  cease  by  General  Taylor. 

It  was  now  that  the  Lancers  made  the  charge  alluded  to.  and  for  the 
repulse  of  which  the  credit  was  given  to  the  Mississippians.  This  charge 
was  made  in  column  upon  the  extreme  right  of  my  regiment,  the  Second 
Indiana  and  Mississippians  being  on  our  left.  They  were  permitted  to  ap 
proach  within  twenty-five  steps  of  the  line  before  I  gave  the  command  to 
fire.  They  were  repulsed  and  fled  under  cover  of  their  battery  and  their 
infantry  dispersed  among  the  mountains.  We  now  moved  to  the  vicinity 
of  O'Brien's  battery,  and  when  we  arrived  there  the  Kentucky  and  Illinois 
troops,  overpowered  by  numbers,  were  retreating  and  the  enemy  pressing 
upon  them  and  the  battery,  which  was  in  imminent  danger  of  being  cap 
tured.  We  opened  fire  upon  them  and  they  retired  in  the  greatest  disor 
der.  This  last  blow  terminated  the  battle,  and  instead  of  leaving  the  bat 
tlefield  as  stated,  the  Third  Indiana  bivouacked  in  the  most  advanced  posi 
tion  held  by  our  troops  in  fne  morning  and  the  enemy  drew  off. 

As  troops  never  fought  better  than  the  Third  Indiana,  as  their  steadi 
ness  and  coolness  is  proverbial,  as  you  will  see  by  the  official  reports,  I 
am  astonished  that  such  calumny  should  be  fabricated  against  us.  We 
were  brought  into  action  when  the  day  seemed  extremely  critical,  and  we 
were  victorious  in  our  engagement,  and  in  my  opinion  are  entitled  to  the 
credit  of  having  twice  saved  the  fortunes  of  the  day.  I  have  not  men 
tioned  the  retreat  or  change  of  position  of  other  regiments  invidiously, 
but  as  proof  that  the  fortunes  of  the  day  in  an  imminent  degree  rested 
upon  and  were  sustained  by  my  regiment.  So  much  for  the  Third  Indiana 

The  Second  Regiment  opened  the  ball  on  the  23d.  and  I  undertake  to 
say  that  they  deserve  credit  for  maintaining  their  first  position  as  long 
as  they  did.  They  were  on  the  extreme  left  next  to  the  mountain.  They 
stood  firm  and  steady  as  veterans  and  exchanged  twenty-one  rounds  with 
a  vastly  superior  force  in  their  front  with  their  entire  line  from  right  to 
left  raked  by  a  deadly  fire  of  grape  and  cannister  from  one  twenty-four 
pounder  and  two  eighteen-pounders.  and  with  their  right  flank  threatened 
and  their  rear  exposed  from  the  force  that  was  contending  with  the  rifle 
men  on  the  mountain.  They  did  not  retreat  until  they  were  ordered  to  do 
so  by  their  commander  (as  in  evidence  before  the  court  of  inquiry  now 
sitting).  The  one  just  charge  that  can  be  made  against  the  Second  Indi- 
,aua  is  that  it  did  not  rally  as  soon  as  they  should,  but  the  -fault  is  not 


with  them,  but  with  the  commander,  who  designated  no  force  or  point  for 
them  to  rally  upon. 

It  would  be  criminal  in  me  to  permit  our  brave  soldiers,  who  have 
done  so  much  to  sustain  their  country's  honor,  to  sleep  under  the  gross 
injustice  which  your  article  does  them,  and  I  respectfully  request  that  you 
give  this  note  a  place  in  your  paper. 

Very  respectfully, 

Colonel  Commanding,  Third  Regiment  Indiana  Volunteers. 


(Companies  D  and  G,  Second  Regiment.) 

From  History  of  Washington  County. 

Upon  returning  home  the  company  brought  with  them  the  corpse  of 
Thomas  C.  Parr.  The  boys  were  met  at  New  Albany  by  a  large  delega 
tion  of  their  relatives  and  neighbors,  who  had  gone  there  with  wagons  to 
convey  them  home.  In  a  few  days  all  that  was  mortal  of  Thomas  C. 
Parr  was  consigned  to  a  grave  in  the  Salem  cemetery,  a  large  crowd  being 
present.  Appropriate  Christian  ceremonies  dignified  the  occasion  and  a 
volley  of  musketry  was  fired  over  the  grave  of  the  dead  soldier.  About 
this  time,  also,  a  barbecue  was  held  in  honor  of  the  boys.  They  were 
marched  in  rank  out  on  the  Orleans  road  nearly  a  mile,  to  a  fine  grove, 
where  a  large  crowd  assembled,  and  where  several  fatted  calves  browned 
and  sputtered  over  a  roaring  fire.  Rev.  William  Shanks  delivered  the  wel 
coming  address,  to  which  several  members  of  the  company  replied,  detail 
ing  their  experiences  in  the  land  of  the  Montezumas.  Captain  Nathan 
Kimball  and  Lieutenant  L.  Q.  Hoggatt.  both  of  whom  had  served  in  other 
companies  in  the  same  regiment,  delivered  lengthy  addresses.  All  ate  of 
the  roasted  beef  and  left  on  the  ground  enough  for  the  buzzards  which 
hovered  around  for  several  days. 


(Company  F,  Second  Regiment.) 

From  History  of  Lawrence  County. 

When  the  news  of  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista  reached  the  county  it 
occasioned  great  excitement.  With  the  report  came  the  assertion  that  the 
Second  Regiment  had  tied  from  the  battlefield  like  frightened  deer;  the 
details  were  awaited  with  feverish  anxiety.  The  relatives  of  the  soldier 
boys  denied  the  report  on  general  principles,  but  subsequent  rumors  con 
firmed  the  account.  The  first  authentic  and  accurate  account  was  brought 
by  W.  A.  Gorman,  of  Bloomington.  who  had  been  in  the  same  regiment  and 
had  come  home  before  the  others.  He  stopped  at  Bedford  long  enough  to 
deliver  a  speech  detailing  the  movements  of  the  battle  to  a  large  crowd 


which  had  hastily  collected.  Hero  it  was  learned  how  the  boys  came  to 
run  from  the  field — how  tlirii  ircrc  actiny  under  the  orders  of  their  com 
mander,  after  they  had  fired  their  twenty-one  rounds  of  ammunition  and 
had  received  three  xucccxxn'c  order*  to  retreat.  The  facts  removed  the 
charge  of  cowardice  from  the  regiment.  June  30,  1847,  the  Bedford  boys 
returned.  They  were  met  at  White  Kiver  by  the  Bedford  brass  band  and 
a  large  concourse  of  citizens,  and  escorted  to  the  town.  After  the  first 
warm  greetings  were  over  it  was  determined  to  hold  a  barbecue,  and  ac 
cordingly  July  <>  a  large  crowd  assembled  in  Foote's  woods,  north  of  town, 
the  estimated  number  present  being  G.UOO.  The  procession  was  formed  on 
the  public  square  and  then  marched  to  the  grounds,  where  a  fat  ox  was 
roasting.  Dr.  Benedict  delivered  the  principal  address  of  welcome,  to 
which  Captain  Davis  and  Lieutenants  Hoggatt  and  Lewis  responded. 


(Company  F.   Fourth   Regiment.) 

From  History  of  liartholomeic  County. 

In  May.  1847.  a  second  call  for  volunteers  was  made,  and  in  response 
an  infantry  company  was  raised  by  Michael  Fitz  Gibbon.  *  *  *  Early 
in  June  the  company  assembled  at  the  court  house  in  Columbus,  prepara 
tory  to  leaving  for  Camp  Clark.  The  town  was  filled  with  people  who 
came  from  all  parts  of  the  county  to  give  the  gallant  boys  a  farewell 
greeting  and  to  witness  the  presentation  of  a  beautiful  flag  by  the  ladies 
of  Columbus,  which  bore  the  patriotic  and  tender  motto  on  its  silken  folds : 
"None  but  the  Brave  Deserve  the  Fair."  The  presentation  address  was 
delivered  by  Mrs.  Miranda  Frances  Comstock  (now  Mrs.  Hinman).  daugh 
ter  of  John  F.  Jones.  The  address  was  appropriately  and  feelingly  re 
sponded  to  by  Captain  Fitz  Gibbon. 

The  company  was  mustered  into  the  service  June  12,  1847.  and  desig 
nated  Company  F,  Fourth  Regiment,  commanded  by  Colonel  Willis  A. 
Gorman.  The  regiment  immediately  embarked  for  the  scene  of  conflict 
and  was  assigned  to  the  command  of  General  Joseph  Lane,  and  with  his 
brigade  participated  in  all  the  contests  in  which  the  brigade  was  engaged. 
The  company  was  mustered  out  at  Madison,  Indiana,  July  1G.  1848. 


State  Journal,  June  -J,  1847. 

The  company  of  volunteers  bearing  the  above  name,  commanded  by 
John  M.  Wallace,  captain :  J.  Carey,  first  lieutenant ;  John  W.  Dodd,  sec 
ond  lieutenant ;  M.  Berry,  third  lieutenant,  marched  from  the  town  of 
Marion  on  Monday,  the  24th  ult..  for  Fort  Clark,  the  place  of  rendezvous. 

The  procession  that  escorted  them  from  town,  most  of  them  six  miles 
and  some  of  them  to  the  place  of  rendezvous,  appeared  to  be  a  mile  in 
length,  all  of  whom  were  evidently  moved  by  no  ordinary  feelings  of  mo 
mentary  excitement,  but  prompted  by  that  higher  and  nobler  passion  which 


induces  the  patriot  to  yield  his  dearest  affections  to  the  call  of  his  coun 
try  in  the  hour  of  her  emergency.  Watery  eyes,  heaving  bosoms  and  trem 
bling  lips  exhibited  throughout  the  crowd  when  taking  leave  of  fathers, 
sons,  brothers  and  relatives  of  almost  every  degree  and  personal  friends, 
too  plainly  spoke  the  deep  sensibility  of  the  sacrifice  they  made,  yet  with 
lowd  cheers,  lifted  hats  and  brandished  arms  proudly  exhorted  them  to  go 
forth  and  emulate  the  noble  bearing  and  high  fame  of  a  large  portion  of 
their  brothers  at  Buena  Vista. 

Along  the  whole  line  of  their  march  they  were  greeted  from  the  field 
with  loud  huzzas,  ard  from  the  cabins  and  farm  houses  with  waving  of 
handkerchiefs.  The  patriotic  feeling  and  hospitable  treatment  tendered 
them  at  Andersontown,  where  a  portion  of  the  company  joined  the  ranks, 
and  the  warm-hearted  and  generous  reception  at  Shelby ville,  where,  not 
withstanding  the  company  were  all  strangers  to  the  citizens,  their  presence 
was  no  sooner  announced  in  the  streets  than  the  citizens  by  coifimon  con 
sent  met  together  and  made  arrangements  in  a  few  minutes  and  informed 
the  Volunteers  that  the  public  houses  of  the  place  would  be  thrown  open 
for  their  accommodation  without  money  and  without  price,  for  which  the 
whole  company  will  cherish  a  grateful  recollection. 

It  is  also  due  to  Messrs.  A.  Pitcher,  S.  B.  Campbell,  Robert  McClure, 
Z.  Reynolds  and  John  Hall,  who  generously  volunteered  with  their  teams 
and  assisted  in  transporting  the  company  and  baggage  to  the  railroad 
depot  at  Edinburg,  as  well  as  to  Thomas  IMatt  and  David  C.  Hite,  musi 
cians,  who  will  alike  be  remembered  with  the  kindest  feelings  of  the 
Marion  (Juards. 


Madison  Courier,  June  5,  /(X.'/?. 

The  Adjutant-Oneral  advises,  in  the  Indiana  State  Sentinel  of  the 
21st  that  on  the  30th  ult.  the  ten  companies  of  infantry  called  for  from 
Indiana  had  been  reported  to  his  office  and  their  services  duly  tendered 
and  accepted  for  the  existing  war.  The  volunteers  are  now  rapidly  going 
forward  from  all  States  on  which  the  late  requisitions  were  made. 


Madison  Courier,  June  5,  IMfi. 

BRAZOS,  April  28,   3847. 

DEAR  EDITOR— I  address  you  this  early  in  our  campaign  for  the  purpose 
of  informing  the  relatives  and  friends  of  the  men  under  my  command  of 
our  arrival  at  this  island  and  the  condition  of  our  company. 

We  landed  at  this  island  yesterday  evening  at  seven  o'clock,  and  in 
consequence  of  arriving  so  late  we  were  unable  to  procure  from  the  ship 
our  tents  or  stores,  so  we  had  to  make  a  virtue  of  necessity  and  pitch 
ourselves  instead  of  our  tents  upon  the  land. 

Sinee  we  left  Madison  the  In  alth  of  the  company  has  ht»en  exceptionally 
good,  for  notwithstanding  we  have  been  confined,  up  to  the  time  of  our 


arrival  here,  in  small  vessels,  crowded  full  of  troops,  but  four  or  five  of 
our  men  have  been  sick. 

My  company,  as  you  are  well  aware,  was  chiefly  recruited  in  our 
county,  and  out  of  the  whole  number  who  joined  me  in  Jefferson  County 
I  have  had  but  a  single  man  to  report  as  sick,  and  he  is 'not  dangerously 
ill.  I  refer  to  James  O'Xeil  of  Milton  Township.  He  was  left  at  the 
hospital  at  New  Orleans. 


Madison  Courier,  June  5,  1847. 

A  meeting  of  the  citizens  of  Jefferson  County  for  the  purpose  of  ar 
ranging  a  suitable  welcome  to  our  volunteers  on  their  return  was  held  at 
the  court  house  on  Saturday.  May  29th,  pursuant  to  the  adjournment  of  the 
previous  Saturday.  John  L.  King.  Esq.,  presented  the  following  resolu 
tions  : 

Whereas,  The  term  of  service  of  the  Third  Indiana  Volunteers  in 
Mexico  is  about  to  expire,  and  the  soldiers  of  the  same  will  soon  reach 
their  homes;  and 

Whereas,  Two  companies  constituting  a  portion  of  that. regiment  belong 
to  this  city  and  county,  and  it  is  thought  expedient  by  their  fellow-citizens 
to  signalize  their  return  by  demonstrations  of  public  welcome  and  an  ex 
pression  of  public  sentiment :  therefore,  be  it 

Resolved,  That  we  exult  with  pride  at  the  gallant  and  intrepid  con 
duct  and  bearing  of  the  Third  Indiana  Volunteers  at  Buena  Vista,  the  sole 
regiment  which  throughout  that  memorable  struggle  was  not  staggered  by 
the  shock  of  arms,  always  maintaining  its  front  to  the  foe  and  its  flag 
aloft,  without  retreat  from  its  position  and  without  confusion  at  any  mo 
ment,  and  which  by  its  well-timed  junction  with  the  Mississippi  regiment 
at  a  perilous  crisis,  upon  which  the  safety  of  the  entire  army  was  in  haz 
ard  and  suspense,  restored  the  fortunes  of  our  troops  and  turned  the  tide 
of  battle  into  a  triumph  for  our  arms. 

Resolved,  That  for  the  purpose  of  extending  an  appropriate  congratu 
lation  to  the  Madison  Volunteers  and  for  the  expression  of  the  spirit  of 
welcome  a  public  reception  shall  be  made,  the  plan  of  arrangement  for 
which  shall  be  as  follows :  *  *  * 

On  motion  of  Mr.  Hillis,  Hon.  Joseph  G.  Marshall  was  requested  to 
address  the  volunteers  upon  the  celebration  of  their  return. 


Company  H,  Fourth  Regiment. 

From  History  of  Clay  County. 

This  company  had  the  following  officers :  Mr.  Cochran,  captain,  Terre 
Haute:  Mr.  Cole,  first  lieutenant.  John  Mullen  of  Vigo  County  and  Mr. 
Lee  of  Vigo  were  elected  its  second  lieutenants.  The  colonel  was  Mr.  Gor 
man  of  Bloomington,  and  General  Dumont  was  elected  lieutenant-colonel. 
The  regiment  was  mustered  into  service  in  June.  1847.  at  Terre  Haute,  and 


started  at  once  for  Mexico,  where  it  was  placed  in  the  command  of  Gen 
eral  Taylor.  It  was  engaged  in  the  battles  of  Ilumantley,  Puebla,  At- 
lixico  and  participated  in  a  large  number  of  sieges  and  skirmishes  of  great 
er  or  less  importance.  At  Vera  Cruz  it  was  transferred  to  the  command 
of  General  Scott,  and  in  the  brigade  commanded  by  General  Jim  Lane. 
The  regiment  \vas  stationed  at  Puebla  as  a  garrison  from  November,  1847, 
to  March,  1848,  at  which  time,  the  war  having  been  brought  to  a  termina 
tion,  it  was  sent  home  and  discharged,  after  an  honorable  service  of  nearly 
two  years. 


Company  E,  Fourth  Regiment. 

From  History  tipenccr  County. 

The  county  had  little  to  do  with  wars  prior  to  that  with  Mexico  in 
1840-48.  Under  the  call  of  May  13,  184(i,  a  few  men  left  the  county,  mostly 
for  the  United  States  service,  but  in  1S4T  a  full  company  was  raised  in 
Spencer  and  Dubois  counties.  *  *  * 

Of  those  men  from  Dubois  County  James  A.  Graham,  it  is  said,  was 
the  chosen  leader,  he  having  been  mainly  instrumental  in  securing  their 
enlistment.  John  W.  C' rooks  raised  the  squad  at  Roekport.  being  assisted 
by  several  of  the  citizens  there.  The  men  of  the  above  company  went  in 
small  squads  within  a  few  days  to  New  Albany,  where  they  became  Com 
pany  E  of  the  Fourth  Regiment,  Indiana  Volunteers,  commanded  by  Colo 
nel  Willis  A.  Gorman.  This  was  in  June.  1847.  In  July  the  regiment 
moved  to  Ne\v  Orleans,  thence  across  the  gulf  to  Brazos  Island,  and  soon 
afterward  up  the  Rio  Grande  River,  along  and  near  which  it  did  guard 
duty  until  early  in  1848,  when  it  was  transferred  to  Vera  Cruz,  and  thence 
along  the  National  Road  to  Puebla.  *  *  *  In  July,  1848,  the  regiment 
returned  and  was  mustered  out  at  Madison,  Indiana.  Company  E  had 
entered  the  service  under  the  command  of  Captain  John  W.  Crooks,  who 
resigned  after  being  out  a  few  months.  The  company  was  met  at  the  wharf 
at  Rockport  by  a  large  crowd — probably  1.500  people — and  were  welcomed 
in  a  short  speech  by  James  C.  Veatch,  to  which  Captain  Crooks  responded. , 
All  then  went  to  Morgan's  Grove  to  enjoy  an  old-fashioned  barbecue.  Here 
Mr.  Veatch  delivered  a  long  welcoming  address,  responses  being  made  by 
several  of  the  company  and  others.  Then  the  dinner  was  enjoyed.  The 
boys  living  north  were  welcomed  by  crowds  on  their  way  home  at  James 
Bryant's,  Gentryville,  Elizabeth  (now  Dale)  and  elsewhere. 


Companies  E  and  F.  First  Regiment. 

From  Jlixtct'ji  of  Allen  Count  i/. 

They  remained  at  that  place  (Walnut  Springs.  Mexico)  until  the  period 
of  service  for  which  the  regiment  had  been  mustered  in  had  nearly  ex 
pired,  when  it  was  ordered  to  Caniargo,  where  it  embarked  on  a  steam- 


boat  and  went  to  the  mouth  of  the  Rio  Grande,  and  marched  thence  to 
Brazos  Santiago,  and  there  took  passage  in  the  Desdemoua,  a  sailing  ves 
sel,  for  Xew  Orleans,  arriving  at  that  place  June  15,  1847.  It  there  re- 
embarked  on  the  steamboat  Cincinnati,  the  same  boat  that  had  taken  it 
down  the  river  about  a  year  before,  and  the  two  companies  from  Allen 
County  were  landed  at  Cincinnati  a  few  days  after.  They  at  once  took 
passage  for  home  on  canal  boats,  ai.d  v.vre  greeted  with  warm  manifesta 
tions  of  joy  and  welcome. 


State  Journal,  June  7,  1847. 

The  result  of  the  inquiry  in  the  case  of  General  Lane  and  Colonel 
Bowles  is  given  below.  Xo  one  ever  doubted  General  Lane's  bravery  or 
that  he  would  conduct  himself  otherwise  than  as  a  brave  and  gallant  offi 
cer.  As  to  Colonel  Bowles,  it  was  different.  If  not  deficient  in  "personal 
courage/'  no  one  acquainted  with  him  ever  presumed  him  to  be  capable  of 
commanding  a  regiment.  His  selection  for  so  responsible  a  place  was  the 
result  of  the  disgraceful  intrigues  directed  by  Governor  Whitcomb  in  per 
son  at  New  Albany  last  June.  In  retreating,  the  Second  Regiment  obeyed 
orders,  as  it  was  bound  to  do,  and  of  course  no  censure  will  hereafter  rest 
upon  it. 

(Report  quoted  elsewhere.) 


State  Journal,  June  8,  1847. 

Colonel  Starbuck  of  the  Illinois  regiment  writes  to  Colonel  Lane  that 
Captain  Lincoln  fell  near  him  in  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista  while  deliver 
ing  an  order  to  one  of  the  officers  of  his  regiment.  So  much  for  the  en 
deavor  of  certain  letter  writers  to  connect  the  death  of  Captain  Lincoln 
with  the  retreat  of  the  Second  Indiana. 



Indiana  ScntincJ,  June  il  1847. 

BUENA  VISTA,  MEXICO.  April  20,  1847. 

EDITOR  SENTINEL — In  an  article  in  the  New  Orleans  Delta  of  the  28th 
ult.,  purporting,  upon  the  authority  of  Major  Coffee,  to  give  a  description 
of  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista,  the  glory  of  achieving  that  victory  is  given 
to  other  troops  and  those  of  Indiana  stigmatized  with  cowardice  and  flight. 
The  pride  which  I  feel  for  my  State  and  the  brave  soldiers  who  have  served 



with   me  renders   it  necessary  to  refute  this   foul   calumny  and   prove  by 
facts  that  the  victory  was  won  by  the  Indiana  troops. 

It  is  false  that  Captain  Lincoln  was  killed  at  the  head  of  the 
Indiana  troops  when  upbraiding  them  for  cowardice,  but  in  the  front  of  the 
Second  Illinois.  It  is  false  that  the  Third  Regiment  of  Indiana  was  ever 
panic-struck  or  fled,  but  on  the  contrary  it  was  victorious  wherever  it  went 
and  has  the  singular  merit  of  being  the  only  regiment  that  at  all  times 
stood  firm.  The  account  of  Major  Coffee  has  scarcely  a  semblance  of  truth 
in  any  of  its  features,  as  the  prominent  events  of  the  battle  will  prove. 

The  battle  was  begun  by  the  riflemen  of  Indiana  on  the  mountain 
sides,  where  they  sustained  the  fire  of  tiro  battalion*  for  more  than  six 
hours,  were  orerpoirered  and  rendezvoused  at  the  rancho.  The  Second  In 
diana  was  led  against  tlie  Mexican  column  on  the  left  and  was  repulsed. 
The  Arkansas  and  Kentucky  cavalry  retired  from  the  left  without  striking  • 
a  blow.  The  Illinois  and  Kentucky  were  led  to  the  left  and  were  repulsed. 
The  Mississippi  regiment  was  likewise  repulsed.  Thus  our  entire  line  ex 
cept  the  Third  Indiana  and  a  fragment  of  Colonel  Hardin's  icas  broken  and 
somewhat  dispersed  and  no  decisive  ad  rant-age  gained  orcr  the  enemy. 
The  Third  Indiana  was  now  ordered  to  form  a  junction  with  and  sustain 
Colonel  Davis.  The  left  wing  having  given  way,  our  front  was  changed  to 
the  mountains,  exposing  us  to  an  enfilade  fire  from  the  enemy's  battery. 
The  junction  was  formed,  this  force  1)00  strong,  two-thirds  of  which  were 
Indianians,  dispersed  the  masses  of  infa'ntry  amongst  the  mountains  and 
drove  the  Lancers  under  shelter  of  thoir  battery.  It  is  false  that  the  Mis- 
sissippians  repelled  the  charge  of  the  Lancers.  It  was  done  by  the  Third 
Indiana  before  the  Mississippians  had  delivered  a  fire. 

After  pursuing  the  Mexicans  to  the  mountain  base  a  new  attack  was 
made  upon  the  Illinois  and  Kentucky  troops,  who  were  retreating  and  a 
battery  in  imminent  danger  of  being  captured.  This  force  was  ordered  to 
the  rescue  and  did  rescue  troops  and  battery,  put  to  flight  the  Mexicans  and 
by  it  terminated  the  battle.  As  the  cavalry  never  engaged  the  line,  they 
are  not  entitled  to  the  credit  of  winning  the  battle.  As  the  Kentucky  and 
Illinois  troops  were  repulsed  finally  in  every  engagement,  they  are  not  en 
titled  to  it.  No  troops  but  those  above  named  gained  any  decided  advan 
tage  except  in  the  rancho  skirmish,  and  there  the  riflemen  contributed  in 
an  eminent  degree  to  that  result.  The  artillery  was  eminently  efficient  and 
contributed  largely  to  these  results  as  did  the  cavalry  on  our  left  by  their 
presence,  but  they  were  mere  spectators.  I  do  not  cite  the  repulse  and  re 
treat  of  other  troops  to  disparage  their  services,  for  they  all  fought  brave 
ly,  but  to  show  how  critical  the  fortunes  of  the  day  were;  that  nothing 
but  disasters  had  occurred  and  that  a  force  of  600  Indianians  and  300  Mis 
sissippians  turned  the  tide  against  overwhelming  odds,  flushed  with  suc 
cess  over  other  corps. 

From  this  ordeal  Indiana  will  emerge  with  additional  lustre,  and  the 
services  of  her  soldiers  on  this  field  reflect  honor  upon  themselves  and  the 
State  they  represent,  if  truth  prevail.  A  very  respectable  portion  of  the 
Second  Indiana  had  joined  the  Third  on  its  left  before  it  became  engaged 
or  joined  with  the  Mississippians  and  this  body  (Third  Indiana,  Mississippi 
and  part  of  Second  Indiana)  never  wavered,  but  fought  until  night,  when 
victorv  closed  thoir  labors.  The  Third  Indiana  bivouacked  on  the  field  of 


battle  in  the  most  advanced  position.  Knowing  that  you  would  vindicate 
our  State  from  the  stains  attempted  to  be  put  upon  her.  I  furnish  you  with 
this  data  upon  which  to  do  it.  It  was  submitted  to  General  Lane,  who 
was  also  preparing  a  similar  document. 

Very  respectfully  yours, 
W.  M.  M'CARTY,  Lieutenant-Colonel, 

Third  Regiment  Indiana  Volunteers. 


Indiana  Journal,  June  9,  J8-J7. 

A  few  days  ago  we  gave  an  extract  from  a  letter  from  Z.  M.  Pike 
Hand,  who  was  in  the  battle  of  Cerro  Gordo,  and  who  has  since  been  pro 
moted  for  his  gallantry.  In  General  Scott's  official  dispatches  from  Plan 
del  Rio  Lieutenant  Benjamin  is  mentioned.  This  Lieutenant  Benjamin  is 
Calvin  Benjamin,  who  was  assistant  librarian  in  our  city  library  while 
Hon.  Win.  J.  Brown  was  Secretary  of  State.  Benjamin  went  from  this 
place  to  the  West  Point  Military  Academy,  where  he  graduated  with  dis 
tinction.  Lieutenant  Benjamin  was  in  the  battle  of  Palo  Alto  and  Resaca 
de  la  Palina,  in  the  hottest  of  the  fight  at  Monterey  and  commanded  a  bat 
tery  at  Cerro  Gordo. 

While  we  mention  the  above  with  pride,  we  now  have  to  record  the 
name  of  another  with  feelings  of  pride  mingled  with  melancholy.  Giles 
Isshaiii.  who  spent  his  boyhood  here,  and  was  partially  reared  by  a  gen 
tleman  of  this  city,  was  killed  at  Cerro  Gordo  while  in  the  company  of 
Captain  Riley  fighting  the  Mexicans.  He  was  known  here  by  those  who 
recollect  him  as  a  boy  of  most  unflinching,  undaunted  courage  and  fond  of 
adventure.  His  feats  of  horsemanship  were  very  daring,  and  on  one  occa 
sion  was  very  nearly  the  cause  of  his  death,  but  under  the  attentive  care 
of  Dr.  Sanders  he  recovered.  When  the  struggle  on  the  Canadian  border 
occurred  a  few  years  since  he  went  to  Cleveland,  Ohio,  for  the  purpose  of 
joining  these  infatuated  men.  Two  or  three  years  ago  he  visited  Indian 
apolis  and  he  exhibited  then,  on  a  certain  occasion,  the  entire  absence  of 
the  quality  called  fear. 


Indiana  Journal,  June  11, 

In  reading  Colonel  Davis's  interesting  report  of  the  part  which  the 
Mississippians  took  in  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista  our  curiosity  was  some 
what  excited  by  the  following  allusion  to  an  officer  from  this  State  :  Who 
is  he? 

"In  every  approbatory  sense  of  these  remarks  I  wish  to  be  included  a 
party  of  Colonel  Bowles's  Indiana  regiment,  which  served  with  us  during 
the  greater  part  of  the  day  under  the  immediate  command  of  an  officer 
from  that  regiment,  whose  gallantry  attracted  my  particulai  attention,  but 
whose  name,  1  regret,  is  unknown  to  me." 




From  History  of  Warrick  County. 

For  half  a  century  prior  to  1801  the  settlement  and  progress  of  War- 
rick  County  had  been  almost  wholly  uninterrupted  by  any  of  the  stirring 
scenes  attendant  upon  a  nation  at  war.  The  militia,  which  had  done  sir.-li 
effective  service  in  the  Indian  wars,  was  fostered  by  early  laws  of  the 
Territory  and  State.  All  able-bodied  men  of  proper  age  were  enrolled  and 
required  to  attend  certain  days  in  each  year  for  the  purpose  of  drilling  in 
military  tactics.  For  several  years  after  this  the  "general  training  days" 
were  the  grand  county  holidays.  At  first  the  people  took  active  interest  in 
learning  the  different  military  movements  and  studied,  in  their  homely 
way,  the  strategies  of  war.  Each  man  furnished  a  gun  in  the  beginning, 
and  all  were  skilled  in  the  manual  of  arms.  Until  the  time  of  the  Mexican 
War  this  system  of  militia  organization  was  kept  up  in  Warrick  County, 
although  for  a  part  of  the  time  only  nominally  so.  The  musters  took  place 
several  times  a  year  and  were  generally  held  at  the  county  seat  or  some 
other  important  point  in  the  county.  They  were  always  attended  by  large 
and  noisy  crowds.  As  the  men  were  privileged  from  arrest  on  "training 
days,"  the  occasion  became  one  of  general  jollification  and  fun  of  the 
rougher  sort,  such  as  fights  and  kindred  sports  (?),  was  the  order  of  the 
day.  A  long  period  of  peace  had  impaired  the  efficiency  of  these  musters. 

Isham  Fuller,  who  was  one  of  the  earliest  settlers  in  the  county,  be 
came  one  of  the  prominent  leaders  in  these  musters  and  was  appointed  to 
the  rank  of  general  of  the  militia.  Alpha  Frisbie  was  another  that  bore 
an  important  part,  but  these  were  not  all.  At  these  general  training  days 
some  of  the  lingering  heroes  of  the  Revolution  were  often  objects  of  spe 
cial  interest  and  their  tales  of  that  long  and  trying  conflict  were  listened 
to  by  the  later  generations  with  eager  attention.  In  this  manner  things 
moved  along,  the  interest  in  the  drills  yearly  s growing  less  until  the  out 
break  of  the  war  with  Mexico. 

In  that  brief,  and  perhaps  not  inglorious,  campaign  Indiana  was  well 
represented.  Her  quota  of  troops  was  soon  filled  and  then  those  of  her 
citizens  who  wanted  to  enlist  were  compelled  to  volunteer  from  other 
States.  Warrick  County  shared  the  usual  enthusiasm  in  behalf  of  the  war. 
but  was  too  late  to  be  credited  from  this  State.  A  full  company  ivas  or 
ganized  at  Neicburyk,  icith  Thomas  F.  Bethell  as  captain.  It  was  known 
as  Company  I  of  the  Sixteenth  U.  S.  Infantry  Volunteers. 

On  the  14th  Colonel  Drake  issued  the  following  order : 


NEW  ORLEANS,  June  14,  1847. 

To  the  Officers  and  Soldiers  of  the  First  Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers: 

The  term  of  our  service  as  volunteers  is  now  about  to  expire,  and  we 

shall  soon  resume  our  avocations  as  citizens.    That  tie  which  has  so  closely 

bound  us  together  as  soldiers  is  now  about  to  be  severed,  perhaps  never 

COL.    JAMES    H.    LANE 



again  to  be  resumed.  This  separation  creates  in  my  breast  emotions  of 
both  pain  and  joy.  It  affords  me  the  highest  degree  of  gratification  to  see 
you  returning  to  the  bosom  of  your  families  and  friends,  where  you  will 
meet  with  so  many  cheerful  faces  and  such  heartfelt  welcomes — and  pain, 
knowing,  as  I  well  do,  that  many  of  us  are  now  separating  never  to  meet 
again.  Our  service  has  been  hard.  We  have  faced  the  grim  monster  Death 
in  his  most  terrific  forms.  You  have  borne  all  the  fatigues  and  sufferings 
of  the  camp  most  gallantly.  When  danger  approached,  your  vigilance  has 
increased.  You  have  shown  yourselves  anxious  and  eager  to  rush  to  the 
field  of  battle.  In  short,  you  have  done  all  that  soldiers  could  do  for  the 
honor  and  credit  of  the  State  and  Nation.  You  have  boldly  and  generously 
supported  me  in  all  my  efforts  to  lead  you  on  and  instruct  you  in  the  sci 
ence  of  war,  for  all  of  which  I  tender  you  my  most  hearty  thanks,  and 
shall  ever  cherish  towards  you  the  kindest  regards. 

I  will  here  suggest  to  those  who  have  claims  upon  the  United  States 
for  bounty  lauds  the  propriety  of  retaining  them.  It  has  given  me  much 
pain  since  our  arrival  at  this  place  to  see  soldiers  offering  and  selling  the 
claims,  which  they  had  so  honestly  and  faithfully  earned,  at  from  seventy 
to  eighty  dollars.  I  hope  at  least  that  you  will  not  dispose  of  your  claims 
at  this  time.  If  you  retain  them  until  you  arrive  at  home  I  doubt  not  but 
you  will  be  able  to  make  them  yield  you  at  least  two  hundred  dollars. 
Your  warrants  will  be  sent  you  free  of  charge.  Any  sale  you  may  now 
make  is,  according  to  law,  void. 

The  commandants  of  companies  will,  as  soon  as  their  rolls  can  be 
completed,  march  their  men  to  the  Commercial  Exchange,  where  Colonel 
Churchill  will  muster  them  out  of  the  service. 

J.  P.  DRAKE,  Colonel. 
First  Regiment  Indiana  Volunteers. 

The  volunteers  were  discharged  and  paid  off  as  fast  as  the  rolls  could 
be  made  out.  We  all  separated  from  our  companions  in  arms  with  the  best 
of  feelings.  We  returned  to  our  respective  homes,  where  we  all  met  with 
a  welcome  reception.  Free  barbecues  were  given  in  nearly  every  county 
that  furnished  volunteers.  Too  much  praise  cannot  be  given  to  the  citi 
zens  of  Evansville,  New  Albany.  Madison.  Vevay  and  Lawrenceburg  for 
their  hospitality  to  the  volunteers.  The  fair  ladies  of  New  Albany  ex 
tended  a  beautiful  wreath  over  a  street  in  semi-circular  form  with  the  in 
scription.  "Welcome  Home,  Brave  Sons  of  Indiana.  Heroes  of  Bueua  Vista." 


Indiana  Journal,  June  11, 

In  addition  to  Captain  Smith's  Company  of  Lake  County  volunteers 
which  passed  through  here  some  weeks  since,  there  was  another  company. 
made  up  principally  in  Laporte  and  Kosciusko,  arrived  in  town  last 
Wednesday  evening  and  proceeded  en  route  for  the  place  of  rendezvous  the 
following  morning. 

They  were  accompanied  a  short  distance  out  of  town  by  some  of  our 
citizens,  where  a  parting  address  was  delivered  by  the  Governor,  which 


was  answered  by  three  hearty  good  cheers  by  the  boys  as  they  took  to  their 

This  company  from  the  northern  part  of  the  State  was  composed  of 
fine-looking:,  intelligent  young  men.  The  writer  of  this  is  personally  ac 
quainted  with  the  young  men  from  Kosciusko  and  he  ventures  to  say  that 
they  will  in  nowise  disgrace  the  time-honored  name  of  their  county.  They 
spoke  with  unfeigned  emotion  of  the  parting  with  their  relatives  and 
friends  who  thronged  the  spa(  ious  court  house  at  Warsaw  to  bid  them  a 
prosperous  journey,  an  honorable  career  and  a  £afe  return.  Heaven  grant 
their  propitious  desire,  but  as  we  extended  them  the  parting  hand  we  could 
but  feel  the  uncertainty  of  their  mission. 


Indiana  .Journal,  .hi tic  1  \,   1S'f7. 

The  company  of  volunteers  who  arrived  here  on  Wednesday  from  La- 
porte  County  is  commanded  by  Captain  McCoy,  formerly  of  Shelbyville. 
They  looked  like  fighting  men.  and  if  any  fighting  yet  remains  to  be  done 
we  would  recommend  that  the  Laporto  company  be  allowed  to  do  it. 


JEFFERSON  VILLE,  June  15.  1847. 
General  Orders  Xo.  l.'i. 

I.  The  captains  of  the  Fourth  Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers,  now 
encamped  near  this  place,  will  forthwith  give  full   notice  to  the  members 
of  their  respective  companies  that  an  election  will  be  held  at  the  said  en 
campment  on  Wednesday,  the  K>th  of  June,  1H47,  for  the  purpose  of  elect 
ing  one  colonel,  one  lieutenant-colonel  and  one  major  of  the  said  regiment, 
in  accordance  with  the  following  regulations  : 

II.  The  members  of  each  company  will   first  elect,  by  a  majority  of 
their  number,  three  judges  and  one  clerk  of  election  ;    one  of  said  judges 
to  administer  an  oath  of  affirmation  to  the  other  judges  and  to  the  clerk, 
and  himself  to  be  afterward  sworn  or  affirmed  by  one  of  the  latter  judges, 
faithfully  and  impartially  to  discharge  their  respective  duties  as  such. 

III.  Said  judges  will  then  open  a  poll  or  precinct  for  their  company 
at  its  present  location  at  said  encampment,  and  proceed  to  receive  the  bal 
lots  of  the  members  of  said  company  from  the  hour  of  10  o'clock  a.   in. 
and  continue  to  receive  the  same  and  keep  the  poll  open  until  the  hour  of 
f>  o'clock  p.  in.  of  the  same  day,  unless  all  the  members  of  said  company 
(not  expressly  declining  to  vote)  shall  have  voted. 

IV.  The  clerk  will  register  the  name  of  each  member    (as  he  votes) 
in  a  list,  as  required  by  law.  and  at  the  close  of  the  polls  the  judges  and 
clerk  will   count  the  ballots  and  declare  the  number  of  votes  received  by 
each  candidate  respectively  for  said  offices,  and  make  out  a  certificate  of 
the  same,  signed  by  the  three  judges  and  attested  by  the  clerk. 


V.  The  judges  aiid  clerk  of  each  and  every  company  will,  as  soon  as 
the  election  is  closed  at  the  different  precincts  (and  not  later  than  7:30 
o'clock  p.  in.)  meet  at  the  location  of  the  company  commanded  by  the  cap 
tain  holding  the  senior  commission,  in  said  regiment,  viz :    Captain  John 
M.  Wallace,  and  they  will  then  and  there  add  together  the  Votes  received 
by  each  candidate  at  any  and  all  of  said  precincts,  from  which  returns 
shall  then  have  been  made,  and  they  will  thereupon  declare  the  result  of 
said  election.     They  will  also  make  out  a  written  certificate  stating  the 
names  of  the  candidates  and  the  number  of  votes  by  them  respectively  re 
ceived  for  the  different  offices;    and  that  the  candidate  receiving  the  high 
est  number  of  votes  for  the  office  of  colonel,  lieutenant-colonel  or  major  is 
duly  elected  to  the  same ;   which  will  be  signed  by  the  judges  and  attested 
by  the  clerks  collectively,  who  are  in  attendance.    This  joint  certificate  will 
be  forthwith  delivered  to  the  undersigned,  now  at  this  place,  in  order  that 
the  commissions  may  be  issued  without  delay. 

VI.  It  is  recommended  that  all  said  officers  be  voted  for  on  one  and 
the  same  ballot. 

VII.  All  persons  are  warned  against  interfering  in  any  manner  with 
the  freedom  of  the  election.     Every  volunteer  will  be  protected  in  his  legal 
right  to  vote  a  folded  ballot,  which  will  not  be  opened  until  the  polls  are 
closed,  and  no  undue  restraint  from  any  quarter  whatever  of  the  right  of 
suffrage  will  be  tolerated.    Any  attempt,  on  the  contrary,  to  interfere  with 
or  to  infringe  upon  the  full  and  free  privilege  of  the  voters  will  be  prompt 
ly  visited  by  such  punishment  under  the  penal  laws  of  the  State  as  in  such 
case  is  made  and  provided. 

By  order  of  the  Governor  and  Commander-in-Chief. 

Adjutant-General  Indiana  Militia. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  June  16,  1847- 

JEFFERSON VILLE,  June  7,  1847. 

EDITOR  SENTINEL — As  the  death  of  Thomas  McCoy,  one  of  the  company 
under  my  command,  when  reported  in  your  paper,  may  lead  to  the  belief 
that  others  are  suffering  from  severe  sickness,  and  thus  create  much 
anxiety  among  the  friends  of  the  soldiers  who  are  now  here,  you  will  con 
fer  a  favor  upon  me  by  allowing  me  to  state  through  the  medium  of  your 
press  that,  with  the  exception  of  two  slight  attacks  of  chills,  the  members 
of  my  company  have  all  been  in  fine  health  since  their  arrival.  Mr. 
McCoy  was  the  only  one  attacked  by  the  complaint  of  which  he  died  (in 
flammation  of  the  bowels),  and  from  the  first  moment  of  his  sickness  to 
the  last  he  received  every  attention  which  care  and  skill  could  bestow  upon 
him.  He  was  removed  to  a  private  house  and  was  attended  by  the  best 
physicians  of  this  place.  He  died  this  morning  at  5  o'clock  and  his  re 
mains  will  be  sent  back  to  his  family  this  morning. 

Three  companies,  the  Marion  company,  the  one  from  Grant  and  one 
from  Lawrenceburg  (Captain  Diunont).  are  full  and  received.  Three  others 


are  here  waiting  to  lill  before  they  can  be  received.     I  think  the  regiment 
will  be  full  by  the  last  of  the  week. 

I  am,  yours  in  haste, 


Fourth  Indiana. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  June  16,  i<sV/7. 

It  will  be  observed  by  the  reports  of  officers  commanding  divisions  of 
our  army  at  the  battle  of  OITO  Gordo  that  these  gentlemen  behaved  in  a 
most  gallant  manner.  Captain  Morris  of  the  Second  Infantry  says:  "Dur 
ing  most  of  this  time  the  regiment  had  been  advancing  towards  Jalapa 
road  and  was,  at  the  same  time,  ascending  the  height  in  reverse,  around 
the  sides  of  which  it  had  been  ordered  to  deploy  as  skirmishers.  No 
sooner  had  this  height  become  ours  than  the  enemy  appeared  in  large  force 
on  the  Jalapa  road  and  we  were  ordered  to  hasten  to  that  point.  Captain 
Canby,  with  a  small  detachment,  accompanied  by  Lieutenant  Lyon,  pressed 
hotly  on  their  rear  and  were  soon  in  possession  of  a  battery  of  three  pieces 
which  had  been  firing  upon  us  in  reverse." 

Colonel  Riley,  commanding  the  Second  Brigade,  says :  "My  staff  offi 
cers,  ""Captain  Canby,  A.  A.  G.,  and  Lieutenant  Tilden,  Second  Infantry,  my 
acting  aid,  were  constantly  engaged  in  the  affairs  of  the  17th  and  18th. 
either  in  communicating  orders  or  in  conducting  detachments  and  by  their 
intelligence  and  activity  in  both  capacities,  rendered  highly  valuable  serv 
ices."  Again,  the  same  officer  says:  "Early  on  the  morning  of  the  18th 
my  brigade  was  moved  in  the  direction  of  the  enemy's  left  on  the  Jalapa 
road  under  the  guidance  of  ""Captain  Lee  of  the  engineers,  who  was  sup 
ported  by  Company  I).  Fourth  Artillery,  commanded  by  Lieutenant  Benja 
min.  This  movement  was  made  under  a  heavy  fire  from  the  castle  and 
from  the  enemy's  infantry  posted  on  the  ridge  on  our  left."  And  he  adds : 
"In  this  action  the  attention  of  the  Brigadier-General  commanding  was 
particularly  called  to  the  cool  and  gallant  conduct  of  the  commander  of  the 
supporting  company.  Lieutenant  Benjamin,  Fourth  Artillery." 

Major  Gardiner,  commanding  the  Fourth  Regiment  of  Artillery,  says : 
"On  the  morning  of  the  18th  the  regiment  was  ordered  to  join  the  Second 
Infantry  and  proceed  on  the  line,  turning  the  enemy's  left,  Company  D. 
under  Lieutenant  Benjamin,  being  detached  as  a  guard  to  Captain  Lee  of 
the  Engineers."  And  adds:  "I  would  remark  that  Brevet  Major  Brown, 
with  Lieutenant  Howe,  the  adjutant,  and  Lieutenants  Benjamin,  Porter 
and  Gill,  the  main  credit  is  due,  so  far  as  that  regiment  -is  concerned,  of 
taking  the  heavy  ordnance  up  the  height  that  bore  upon  the  enemy's  works 
and  may  be  allowed  to  add  (probably  a  little  out  of  place)  that  Captain 
Drum,  Lieutenants  McGowan  and  Benjamin  rendered  highly  valuable  serv 
ices  in  reconnoitering  the  enemy's  position  on  the  previous  day." 

From  these  extracts  it  will  be  apparent  that  Indiana  was  represented 

*Gen.  E.  R.  S.  Canby  and  Gen.  Robert  E.  Lee,  of  the  Civil  War. 


bravely  and  honorably  upon  the  Plaua  del  Rio  and  at  the  storming  of 
Cerro  Gordo.  Captain  Canby  formerly  resided  in  Crawfordsville  and  en 
tered  the  army  as  a  second  lieutenant  on  the  1st  of  July,  1839.  Lieutenant 
Benjamin  was  educated  in  Shelby  County  and  spent  several  years  at  In 
dianapolis,  principally  in  the  office  of  Secretary  of  State  under  Mr.  Sheets 
and  Governor  J.  Brown :  was  appointed  cadet  at  West  Point  in  1838  and 
entered  the  army  in  1842.  While  the  meed  of  praise  is  justly  awarded 
to  the  Lanes.  Gormaus.  Haddins,  Robisous  and  others  of  the  volunteers  for 
their  courage  and  bravery  at  Buena  Vista,  let  us  not  forget  Canby,  Benja 
min.  Hand.  etc..  of  the  regulars,  who  ever  were  found  in  the*  foremost  of 
the  fight,  and  whose  first  laurels  of  victory  received  their  baptism  in  the 
gushing  blood  of  the  foe. 


Indiana  Journal.  June  1$.  1847. 

A  Washington  City  paper  says :  "We  have  been  furnished  with  a  copy 
of  the  following  letter  for  publication  for  the  benefit  of  the  volunteers,  to 
whom  it  is  interesting  to  the  last  degree : 

PENSION  OFFICE,  May  24,  1847. 
R.  Jones.  Adjutant-General  V.  S.  Army : 

SIK — In  answer  to  your  letter  of  the  22d.  I  have  to  inform  you  that  no 
soldier  discharged  before  the  expiration  of  the  term  of  enlistment  on  his 
own  application  and  for  his  special  benefit,  is  entitled  to  land  or  scrip  un 
der  the  ninth  section  of  the  act  of  the  llth  of  February.  1847.  The  Secre 
tary  of  War  concurs  in  opinion  with  the  undersigned  on  this  point. 

Respectfully,  your  obedient  servant. 


Madison  Courier,  June  19.  1847. 

It  appears  uncertain  when  the  volunteers  belonging  to  this  city  will 
reach  home.  We  presume  that  it  is  a  mistake  that  a  portion  of  the  Third 
Indiana  Regiment  had  arrived  in  New  Orleans  on  the  6th.  We  trust  that 
such  arrangements  have  been  made  by  our  citizens  as  will  insure  them, 
when  they  do  come,  a  reception  both  gratifying  to  them  and  honorable  to 
the  city. 


Indiana  State  Sentinel.  June  19,  1847. 

BUENA  VISTA,  MEXICO,  May  10.  1847. 
Editor  State  Sentinel : 

DEAR  SIR — I  have  by  permission  of  General  Lane  taken  a  copy  of  his 
account  of  that  part  of  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista  in  which  the  Indiana 
Brigade  participated.  You  may  rely  upon  it  as  the  most  accurate  descrip 
tion  that  has  been  published.  General  Lane  has  taken  considerable  pains 
to  obtain  all  of  the  facts  and  states  thein  correctly. 


Without  making  any  accusations  against  General  Taylor  or  General 
Wool,  it  is  saying  nothing  more  than  what  is  true  to  state  that  General 
Lane  was  the  most  active  General  on  the  field.  It  should  be  published  in 
every  paper  in  Indiana  in  order  to  refute  the  many  falsehoods  that  have 
been  uttered  in  relation  to  the  Indianians. 

General  Wool  told  Colonel  Bowles  this  morning  in  the  presence  of 
Major  Washington,  General  Lane  and  some  other  officers :  "Colonel  Bowles, 
you  have  disgraced  yourself,  your  regiment  and  your  State  by  giving  that 
order  to  retreat;  you  by  this  act  prevented  your  regiment  from  achieving 
one  of  the  most  brilliant  victories  ever  achieved  by  American  arms."  He 
said  more,  but  I  will  not  repeat  it,  and  the  Colonel  bowed  his  head  in 


BUENA  VISTA,  MEXICO,  May  10,  1847. 

From  the  comment  of  the  -press  and  numerous  letters  that  have  been 
written  and  published  and  the  many  false  and  ridiculous  statements  ut 
tered  by  different  persons  at  sundry  places  concerning  the  battle  at  this 
place  on  the  22d  and  23d  of  February  last,  and  more  particularly  in  con 
sequence  of  the  erroneous  statements  invented  and  circulated  in  reference 
to  the  Indiana  Brigade  in  connection  with  that  memorable  day,  I  feel  my 
self  constrained  in  discharge  of  an  imperious  duty  to  give  to  the  public  a 
succinct  account  of  the  facts  which  may  enable  every  candid  reader  to  ar 
rive  at  a  correct  conclusion,  and  that  the  public  may  be  disabused  of  a 
studied  and  systematic  attempt  at  misrepresentation  and  detraction. 

The  disposition  of  troops  seems  to  have  been  confined  to  General  Wool 
and  were  posted  in  the  following  order,  viz. : 

The  Second  Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers,  commanded  by  Colonel 
Bowles,  with  three  pieces  of  artillery  under  Captain  O'Brien,  were  posted 
on  the  extreme  left ;  the  Third  Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers,  command 
ed  by  Colonel  J.  II.  Lane,  occupied  a  height  in  the  rear  of  Captain  Wash 
ington's  Battery;  the  First  Illinois  Regiment,  commanded  by  Colonel  Har- 
din,  was  stationed  on  a  high  hill  near  and  a  short  distance  in  front  and  to 
the  left  of  the  same  battery ;  the  Second  Kentucky  Volunteers,  commanded 
by  Colonel  McKee,  was,  on  the  22d,  posted  on  the  right  of  a  deep  ravine  at 
a  distance  of  a  half  a  mile  on  the  right  of  the  battery,  but  on  the  morning 
of  the  23d  were  ordered  to  recross  the  ravine  and  take  a  place  near  Colonel 
Hardin  and  to  his  left. 

The  Second  Regiment  of  Illinois  Volunteers,  under  Colonel  Bissell,  were 
posted  further  in  the  rear  and  to  the  right  at  a  distance  of  about  half  a 
mile  from  where  the  Second  Indiana  Regiment  was  placed,  which  regiment, 
as  before  remarked,  occupied  the  extreme  left  of  the  field  near  the  base  of 
the  mountain.  The  four  rifle  companies  of  my  command,  under  Major  W. 
A.  Gorman,  were,  at  the  early  dawn  of  the  day,  ordered  to  move  up  the 
side  of  the  mountain  to  engage  the  enemy,  some  three  thousand  strong, 
which  were  endeavoring  to  cross  the  point  of  tlie  mountain  and  turn  our 
left  flank.  These  riflemen  were  directed  to  check  their  advance  if  possible. 
Three  rifle  companies  of  the  Second  Illinois  and  three  companies  of  Colonel 
Marshall's  mounted  riflemen  were  dismounted  and  sent  up  the  mountain  to 
the  assistance  of  Major  Gorman,  who  had  now  been  for  some  time  hotly 
engaged  with  the  enemy. 


The  contest  011  the  mountain  brow  raged  with  fury  lor  about  the  space 
of  three  hours,  when  I  was  informed  by  Colonel  Churchill  that  the  enemy 
in  great  force  were  advancing  under  cover  of  a  deep  ravine  about  four  hun 
dred  yards  in  my  front  and  to  the  right.  I  immediately  put  my  small 
command  in  motion  to  meet  them.  It  should  be  borne  in  mind  that  my 
whole  force  was  eight  battalion  companies  of  the  Second  Indiana  and  Cap 
tain  O'Brien's  Battery  of  three  guns,  in  all  about  four  hundred  men.  On 
arriving  at  a  narrow  ridge  between  two  deep  and  rugged  ravines  I  found 
the  Mexican  infantry  from  four  to  six  thousand  strong,  supported  by  a  body 
of  Lancers.  The  infantry  were  coming  up  out  of  the  ravine  on  the  left  and 
forming  in  beautiful  order  across  the  ridge,  leaving  the  Lancers  in  the 

I  immediately  directed  Captain  O'Brien  to  halt  his  battery  and  get 
ready  for  the  fray.  The  column  was  halted  when  the  first  company  was 
up  with  and  on  the  left  of  the  battery,  and  formed  forward  into  line  of 

I  rode  in  front  of  the  column  and  continued  in  front  as  the  companies 
were  forming  into  line  and  was  much  delighted  to  see  the  officers  and  men 
move  forward  in  good  order— coolness  and  courage  were  depicted  upon  every 
countenance.  By  the  time  half  of  the  companies  were  in  line  and  while  I 
was  yet  in  front  the  Mexicans  opened  fire  from  their  entire  line.  In  a 
moment  the  left  companies  were  in  line.  I  passed  to  the  rear  and  the  fire 
was  returned  with  promptness  and  good  effect.  Thus  commenced  the  bat 
tle  on  the  plain  of  Bueiia  Vista. 

The  distance  between  the  enemy's  line  and  my  own  was  about  one 
hundred  and  twenty  yards.  About  the  time  the  action  commenced  the 
enemy  opened  a  tremendous  fire  from  their  battery  of  three  heavy  guns 
posted  on  my  left  and  a  little  to  the  rear,  which  nearly  enfiladed  my  line. 
In  this  manner  the  battle  continued  to  rage  for  nearly  twenty-five  min 
utes,  the  firing  being  severe  on  both  sides.  The  lines  of  the  Mexicans  pre 
sented  one  continuous  sheet  of  flame.  I  observed  the  Mexican  line  to  break 
and  fall  back  several  times,  but  their  successive  formation  across  the  ridge 
enabled  them  at  once  to  force  the-  men  back  to  their  positions  and  keep 
them  steady.  I  then  formed  the  determination  to  take  position  nearer  the 
enemy  with  the  hope  of  routing  them  and  driving  them  from  that  part  of 
the  field,  and  for  the  purpose  of  placing  the  line  out  of  range  of  the  ene 
my's  guns,  which  had  succeeded  in  getting  to  the  range  so  as  to  be  doing 
some  execution  nearly  every  fire. 

For  that  purpose  I  sent  my  aide  to  direct  Captain  O'Brien  to  advance 
his  battery  some  fifty  or  sixty  yards  to  the  front  and  then  return  to  me  to 
assist  in  passing  the  order  to  the  line  to  advance  to  the  same  point.  He 
went  with  the  battery  to  its  advanced  position.  I  was  at  that  moment  near 
the  left  of  rny  line  before  my  aide  returned  to  me.  I  was  much  surprised 
to  see  my  line  begin  to  give  way  on  the  right  and  continue  to  give  way  to 
the  extreme  left.  Not  knowing  at  the  time  that  Colonel  Bowles  had  given 
an  order  to  retreat,  and  it  was  several  days  after  the  battle  (and  not  until 
after  I  had  made  my  official  report)  before  I  was  satisfied  that  the  regi 
ment  had  retreated  in  obedience  to  an  order  given  by  Colonel  Bowles.  The 
order  was  not  obeyed  until  it  was  twice  repeated,  as  has  since  been  proven 
in  a  court  of  inquiry  appointed  to  inquire  into  the  conduct  of  the  Colonel. 


Lieutenant-Colonel  Iladden  and  twelve  other  good  witnesses  have  testified 
to  his  twice  or  thrice  having  given  the  ouler  before  the  line  broke,  so  un 
willing  were  they  to  abandon  their  position. 

The  Second  Indiana  occupied  an  important  position ;  it  was  the  key  to 
that  part  of  the  field,  and  was  unsupported  by  any  other  troops.  An  evi 
dence  of  their  being  in  a  very  hot  place  is  that  about  ninety  of  them  were 
killed  or  wounded  before  they  retreated.  They  stood  firmly,  doing  their 
duty  as  well  as  did  ever  veteran  troops,  until  they  had  discharged  over 
twenty  rounds  of  cartridges  at  the  enemy,  killing  and  wounding  some  five 
hundred  of  them,  and  I  have  no  hesitation  in  saying  that  if  it  had  not  been 
for  that  unnecessary,  unauthorized  and  cowardly  order  to  retreat  they 
would  not  have  left  their  position.  I  hesitate  not  to  express  my  belief  that 
if  our  order  to  advance  had  been  carried  out  and  we  had  taken  the  advanced 
position  as  intended  that  we  would  have  driven  the  enemy  from  the  ridge. 
Although  the  men  retired  in  some  confusion,  the  most  of  them  soon  ral 
lied,  say  to  the  number  of  two  hundred  and  fifty,  and  they  continued  to 
fight  like  veterans  throughout  the  day. 

Lieutenant  Robinson,  my  aide-de-camp,  and  Lieutenant-Colonel  Haclden 
were  very  active  in  rallying  the  men.  Major  Cravens  was  ordered  to  pro 
ceed  to  the  ranch  and  bring  back  some  of  our  men  that  had  gone  in  that 
direction,  which  was  promptly  done.  Captains  Davis,  Kimball.  McKee, 
Briggs.  Lieutenant  Spicely  (then  in  command  of  the  company  in  conse 
quence  of  the  fall  of  the  gallant  and  lamented  Kinder).  Adjutant  Shank. 
Lieutenants  Hoggatt.  Burwell.  Lewis,  Foster,  Benefiel.  Kunkle.  Lowder- 
milk,  Roach  and  Zelor,  with  most  of  the  company  officers,  were  also  very 
active  in  rallying  the  men.  Captain  Sanderson  and  Lieutenants  Davis. 
Hogan  and  Payee  and  several  others  were  wounded  and  had  to  leave  the 
field.  Also  Captain  Dennis,  who  had  fought  like  a  hero  with  gun  in  hand, 
found  himself  unable  from  fatigue  and  indisposition  to  remain  longer  in 
the  field. 

Paymaster  Major  Diek  having  arrived  on  the  field  at  this  moment,  was 
very  active  in  assisting  to  rally  our  broken  and  scattered  forces,  received 
the  colors  from  their  bearer,  who  was  unable  to  carry  them  longer,  and 
handed  them  to  Lieutenant  Kunkle,  who  carried  them  throughout  the  day. 
These  colors,  now  in  possession  of  Captain  Sanderson,  were  well  riddled 
with  balls,  one  24-pound  shot,  one  0-pound  shot  and  many  musket  balls 
passed  through  them  while  they  were  in  the  hands  of  this  meritorious 
young  officer,  and  they  could  at  all  times  be  seen  high  above  the  heads  of 
the  Indiana  Brigade  moving  to  and  fro  wherever  it  was  necessary  to  meet 
and  repulse  the  enemy. 

Lieutenant  (now  Captain)  Peck  of  the  Rifle  Battalion,  who  had  been 
compelled  to  retire  from  the  mountain  to  the  plain  after  the  fall  of  his  gal 
lant  old  Captain  Walker,  succeeded  in  rallying  about  twenty  men  and  join 
ing  the  Second  Indiana  and  continued  to  fight  gallantly  throughout  the 
day.  The  severe  loss  in  killed  and  wounded  which  the  Second  Indiana 
sustained  in  action  will  convey  some  idea  of  the  danger  they  faced  and  the 
tenacity  with  which  they  struggled.  One  hundred  and  seven  of  the  num 
ber  were  killed  and  wounded. 

At  or  about  the  time  of  the  retreat  of  my  small  command  under  that 
ill-fated  order,  the  riflemen  were  compelled  by  superior  numbers  to  aban- 


don  their  position  on  the  mountain  top  and  retreat  to  the  plain  below.  The 
cavalry  who  had  been  posted  some  distance  in  my  rear  and  out  of  the 
range  of  the  enemy's  battery  to  act  as  circumstances  might  require,  either 
to  advance  upon  the  enemy  and  cut  them  off  in  case  they  should  retreat  or 
to  succor  my  small  force  if  they  should  be  compelled  to  fall  back,  instead 
of  affording  me  the  least  assistance  left  their  position  without  receiving 
one  fire  from  the  enemy  and  made  a  precipitate  retreat  to  the  rear  along 
the  foot  of  the  mountains,  pursued  by  a  large  body  of  Lancers,  who  suc 
ceeded  in  cutting  off  and  slaughtering  quite  a  number  of  our  forces,  most 
of  them  riflemen.  If  they  had  made  a  bold  stand  and  allowed  the  riflemen 
and  the  Second  Indiana  to  rally  on  them  together  they  would  have  been 
sufficient  to  check  the  enemy  before  he  had  gained  any  considerable  ad 

After  these  successive  and  almost  simultaneous  retreats  of  the  different 
forces  on  the  left  it  remained  wholly  undefended  and  the  enemy,  number 
ing  several  thousand,  came  pouring  down  from  the  mountain  and  formed 
in  good  order  along  the  foot  of  the  mountain  in  the  rear  of  the  position  at 
first  occupied  by  our  forces.  Soon  after  the  retreat  of  the  Second  Indiana 
and  while  I  was  rallying  them  the  Mississippi  regiment  arrived  on  the 
field  and  in  a  most  gallant  manner  engaged  the  enemy,  but  were  compelled 
by  vastly  superior  numbers  to  fall  back.  At  this  time  the  Third  Indiana, 
under  Colonel  Lane,  was  .ordered  into  the  fight  and  joined  with  the  Second 
Indiana  and  the  Mississippi  regiment,  composed  a  force  about  one-fifth  as 
large  as  the  enemy,  but  sufficient  to  engage  them  with  success.  Captain 
Sherman  with  one  gun  of  his  battery  at  this  time  joined  us  and  the  whole 
moved  forward  towards  the  foot  of  the  mountain  and  engaged  the  enemy : 
here  the  artillery  proved  very  effective. 

This  portion  of  the  enemy's  forces  became  at  length  confused  and  was 
closely  pursued  and  our  artillery  continued  to  waste  them  away  with  its 
destructive  power,  and  they  being  separated  from  the  enemy's  main  force, 
would  in  a  short  time  have  been  compelled  to  surrender,  when  a  white 
flag  was  seen  on  the  field  and  we  were  ordered  to  cease  firing.  We  did 
so,  but  the  Mexicans  continued  to  fire  from  their  battery,  thus  covering  the 
retreat  of  their  forces.  This  flag  was  sent  to  the  left  wing  from  General 
Taylor  in  consequence  of  Santa  Ana  having  sent  him  a  flag,  which  the 
General  naturally  supposed  conveyed  propositions  either  of  truce  or  sur 
render,  hence  the  white  flag  on  our  part  of  the  battle  field.  This  flag 
proved  to  be  nothing  more  than  a  stratagem  on  the  part  of  the  Mexican 
general 'to  extricate  that  portion  of  his  troops  which  he  saw  was  absolutely 
in  our  power.  During  this  interchange  of  flags  this  portion  of  his  army 
was  completely  in  our  power,  but  moved  off  and  made  good  their  retreat  to 
where  the  enemy's  main  force  was  posted.  We  now  moved  some  distance 
and  took  position  anent  a  large  body  of  Lancers  supported  by  about  two 
thousand  infantry.  The  Mississippi  and  a  portion  of  the  Second  Indiana 
were  formed  across  a  narrow  ridge  between  two  deep  ravines,  supported 
by  one  gun  from  Captain  Sherman's  battery,  and  the  other  part  of  the  Sec 
ond  Indiana  and  all  of  the  Third  Indiana  were  on  the  brow  of  one  of  the 
ravines  and  parallel  to  the  same  line,  being  nearly  in  the  shape  of  an  L 
and  faced  by  the  rear  rank.  A  charge  was  made  on  the  left  flank  of  the 
Third  Indiana,  now  right  as  they  were  faced.  This  charge,  it  is  due  the 


enemy  to  say,  \vus  made  numt  gallantly  and  was  beautifully  received  by 
our  force.  Delivering  our  tire  when  they  were  in  a  short  distance,  it  proved 
most  distressing  to  the  enemy,  felling  many  a  horse  and  its  rider,  breaking 
their  column  and  putting  them  to  flight,  leaving  many  of  their  compan 
ions  dead  on  the  field.  Soon  after  this  repulse  of  the  enemy  the  field  on 
the  left  was  completely  cleared  of  the  enemy's  forces,  and  hearing  sharp  and 
continue!  firing  on  our  right  and  to  the  left  of  Washington's  battery,  I  put 
my  command  in  motion  at  double  quick  time  for  the  purpose  of  taking  part 
in  the  conflict.  This  fire  proved  to  be  a  severe  action  between  the  entire 
Mexican  infantry  and  the  First  and  Second  Illinois  and  Second  Kentucky 
\rolunteers,  which  was  Santa  Ana's  last  and  greatest  effort.  This  force  had 
been  repulsed  by  overwhelming  numbers  and  were  retreating  in  confusion, 
hotly  pursued  by  thousands  of  Mexicans,  who  were  loading  and  firing  on 
our  men  at  every  jump,  when  my  command,  consisting  of  the  Second  and 
Third  Indiana  and  the  Mississippi  Regiment,  arrived  within  musket  shot, 
which  we  did  by  coming  up  suddenly  out  of  a  deep  ravine,  and  opened  a 
destructive  fire  upon  them.  Finding  themselves  thus  suddenly  attacked 
from  an  unsuspected  quarter,  they  quit  the  pursuit  and  formed  quickly  into 
line  and  returned  our  fire  with  considerable  effect,  but  they  In  return  were 
compelled  to  retreat  under  our  well-directed  fire  to  the  position  they  had 
occupied  in  the  morning. 

This  was  the  last  lighting  between  the  infantry  and  the  opposing  force 
on  that  memorable  day,  although  the  cannon  continued  to  play  at  intervals 
until  dark.  The  battle  on  the  plain  was  opened,  as  has  been  shown,  by  the 
Second  Indiana  and  the  last  musket  that  was  fired  was  by  the  Second  and 
Third  Indiana  and  the  Mississippi  Regiment.  It  should  also  be  stated  that 
our  forces  had  been  under  arms  since  the  morning  of  the  22d  and  remained 
upon  the  field  of  battle  until  the  morning  of  the  24th. 

I  have  here  given  a  brief  and  faithful  account  of  the  operations  of  the 
Indiana  Brigade  on  the  23d  of  February  as  came  under  my  observation, 
and  there  was  not  one  minute  from  the  time  the  battle  commenced  until 
the  last  gun  was  fired  that  I  was  not  with  them. 

Captain  O'Brien,  who  commanded  the  battery  of  artillery  posted  on  my 
right  at  the  commencement  of  the  battle,  as  well  as  Captain  Sherman,  who 
acted  with  us  a  part  of  the  day,  are  deserving  of  particular  praise  for  their 
gallant  conduct,  moving  and  discharging  their  pieces  with  all  the  coolness 
and  precision  of  a  day  of  ordinary  parade. 

The  intrepid  and  honorable  conduct  of  the  Second  Kentucky  and  the 
First  and  Second  Illinois  could  not  have  been  exceeded  and  no  recom 
mendation  of  mine  could  add  luster  to  the  glory  which  should  and  will  be 
theirs.  There  is  enough  of  honor  and  glory  for  each  man  who  did  his  duty 
at  Buena  Vista,  and  he  must  be  an  uncharitable  and  selfish  American  citi 
zen  who  would  knowingly  wish  to  detract  from  any  portion  of  that  glorious 
little  army  with  desire  to  augment  that  of  any  corps  at  the  expense  of  an 
other.  The  many  officers  and  men  who  did  their  duty  on  that  day  should 
not  suffer  by  invidious  comparison. 

If  I  have  neglected  to  particularize  the  conduct  of  the  Arkansas  and 
Kentucky  Cavalry  or  to  define  their  positions  on  the  field  it  is  not  because 
I  deem  them  of  little  moment  or  imi>ortance,  but  for  the  reason  that  from 
the  time  of  their  retreat  I  had  no  opportunity  of  seeing  anything  of  their 


movements.  They  participated  in. the  raucho  fight,  where  the  gallant  Yell 
nobly  fell  at  the  head  of  his  column.  He  was  a  noble  soul,  who  fell  on  that 
day  and  who  will  never  be  forgotten.  The  ambition  of  distinction  should 
never  permit  us  to  deface  any  portion  of  his  tablet  of  fame  which  our 
country  will  erect  to  the  honor  of  the  actors  in  that  battle,  and  the  regu 
lar  and  volunteer  army  should  be  proud  of  it  as  one  of  the  greatest  epochs 
in  our  country's  history. 

It  is  due  to  the  commanders  of  the  different  batteries  of  light  artil 
lery  to  say  that  their  forces  were  most  powerful  and  effective  towards 
gaining  the  almost  unparalleled  victory  of  Buena  Vista,  ready  at  all  times 
to  meet  the  enemy  at  fearful  odds,  their  guns  wasted  them  away  with  their 
fire  in  a  handsome  manner,  compelling  them  to  retreat  whenever  coming 
within  their  range. 

Generals  Taylor  and  Wool  were  present  as  commanders,  the  former  as 
Comma  nder-in-Chief :  they  were  exposed  to  the  dangers  almost  every  in 
stant  of-  the  day,  watching  the  movements  of  the  enemy  and  ordering  and 
disposing  of  our  forces  in  the  best  manner  to  meet  and  repel  them.  By 
their  coolness  and  courage  in  gaining  this  victory  they  have  won  laurels 
and  a  fame  that  will  endure  as  long  as  a  trace  of  American  history  shall 

Respectfully,  your  obedient  servant, 

Brigadier-General,  Commanding  Indiana  Brigade. 


Madison  Courier,  June  19,  1847. 

At  the  election  of  regimental  officers  at  Fort  Clarke  on  the  l(>th,  Willis 
A.  Gorman  of  Monroe  County  was  elected  colonel ;  Ebenezer  Dumont,  of 
Dearborn  County  was  elected  lieutenant-colonel,  and  William  W.  McCoy  of 
Laporte  County  was  ^locted  major. 


Madison  Courier.  June  19.  1847. 

We  find  in  the  Lawrenceburg  Register  of  the  12th  iust.  the  following 
statement,  which  shows  that  from  a  mistake  of  many  of  the  volunteers  as 
to  the  term  of  their  enlistment,  the  Indiana  Regiment  (the  Fourth)  can 
scarcely  be  considered  full  yet. 

"We  regret  to  learn  that  a  good  deal  of  dissatisfaction  exists  at  the 
camp  at  Fort  Clarke  among  the  volunteers  as  to  their  term  of  service, 
many  declaring  their  determination  not  to  serve  longer  than  one  year,  and 
that  they  volunteered  under  the  impression  that  they  were  to  be  required 
to  serve  but  that  length  of  time,  being  called  for  under  the  same  act  as 
those  who  went  out  on  the  former  requisition  upon  this  State.  It  is  thought 
that  many  who  have  gone  to  the  rendezvous  will  back  out  when  they  come 
to  take  the  oath  to  serve  until  the  end  of  the  war." 




N/(//r  Sentinel,  June  19,  1847. 

We  understand  that  the  committee  appointed  to  make  the  arrange 
ments  for  receiving  the  Indiana  Volunteers  at  the  city  of  Indianapolis 
have  adopted  the  following,  to  wit : 

1.  As  soon  as  certain   information   is  received  of  the  arrival   of  the 
volunteers  at  the  depot  at  Edinburg  three  signal  guns  will  be  fired  at  In 
dianapolis,   when   the   citizens   will    immediately   assemble   on   Washington 
street,  in  front  of  the  Washington  Hall,  where  specific  information  will  be 

2.  As  soon  as  the  volunteers  arrive  in   the   vicinity  of   Indianapolis 
thirteen   guns  will   be  fired,   when  the  citizens  will   immediately   form   in 
procession  under  the  order  of  the  marshal  and  assistant  marshals. 

3.  Inasmuch  as  it  is  altogether  uncertain  as  to  what  time  the  volun 
teers  will  arrive  at  and  pass  through  Indianapolis,  the  committee  to  pre 
pare  refreshments  have  determined  to  make  arrangements  with  the  citi 
zens  to  entertain  the  volunteers  during  their  stay  in  Indianapolis. 

4.  The  following  gentlemen  have  been  appointed  a  committee  to  wait 
on  the  citizens  in  the  several  wards  and  ascertain  immediately  how  many 
volunteers  they  can  accommodate  during  their  stay  in  the  city,  to  wit : 

First  Ward— Matthew  Little  and  George  Plant. 

Second  Ward — Andrew  Smith. 

Third  Ward— William  Biddle. 

Fourth  Ward — E.  Hedderly. 

Fifth  Ward— S.  M.  Scoville. 

Sixth  Ward — Joshua  Langsdale. 

Seventh  Ward — Daniel  Carlisle. 

It  is  expected  that  at  least  eight  companies  will  pass  through  Indian 
apolis  and  they  will  be  several  days  passing  through. 

His  Excellency.  James  Whitcomb.  Governor  of  Indiana,  is  appointed  to 
address  the  volunteers  and  ex-Governor  Wallace  will  be  appointed  chief 
marshal,  with  power  to  appoint  as  many  assistant  marshals  as  he  may 
deem  proper. 


Indiana  Journal.  June  21,  1847. 

MADISON,  June  17,  1847. 
Editor  of  The  Journal  : 

*  *  *  I  feel  assured  that  the  new  regiment  (the  Fourth),  now  at 
Fort  Clarke,  will  do  honor  to  the  State.  They  will,  judging  from  the 
morale  and  physique  of  the  men.  and  going  into  action  with  the  conviction 
that  from  the  delicate  position  in  which  the  Indianians  stood  for  awhile, 
all  eyes  are  gazing  upon  them  to  discern  what  their  bearing  will  be  to 
compete  with  northern  troops  in  Mexico  for  the  first  honors  and  most  bril 
liant  achievement  of  the  fight.  If  their  regimental  officers  are  the  proper 
sort  of  stuff  that  they  ought  to  be  they  will  heroize  themselves  and  pro- 


mulgate  from  their  bayonets  and  swords  a  tale  of  gallantry  that  will  need 
no  exaggeration  to  make  it  a  story  which  distant  posterity  will  repeat  in 
honor  of  heroic  sires. 

Captain  John  A.  Hendricks  of  this  State,  who  was  in  the  Sixteenth 
Infantry,  and  had  command  of  his  company  at  Matamoros,  has  resigned 
his  command.  "Farewell,  farewell,  plumed  steeds  and  big  wars.  Farewell. 
Othello's  occupation  is  gone."  His  inability  to  weather  the  climate  is  the 
cause  I  hear  assigned  for  his  return. 



Madison  Banner.  June  23,  1847. 

The  following  are  extracts  from  a  private  letter  written  by  one  of  the 
Madison  boys  to  his  particular  friend,  who  has  kindly  permitted  us  to  do 
what  we  please  with  it.  The  writer,  by  the  way,  is  well  known  to  our 
readers  by  the  anagrammatic  name  of  "Mac  Eron."  Speaking  of  the  near 
approach  of  the  time  when  the  Indiana  Volunteers  should  commence  their 
march  homeward,  he  says : 

I  fear  you  will  find  me  a  sadly  disordered  old  fellow,  very  apt  to  sit 
on  the  floor  and  tear  my  meat  with  my  fingers.  All  my  former  yarns  about 
the  famous  Clan  Cameron,  Lochiel  and  the  gallant  Prince  Charlie  will  be 
superseded  by  tiresome  enough  stories  of  the  marshes  of  Camp  Belknap, 
the  musquitoes  of  Palo  Alto,  the  fleas  of  Matamoros,  the  forced  march  to 
Saltillo,  etc.  Then,  on  the  other  hand,  I  have  arrived  at  a  considerable 
proficiency  in  cooking.  I  consider  myself  decidedly  the  best  of  the  mess 
at  a  beefsteak  (and  such  beefsteaks;  good  gracious!),  but  the  rest  rather 
dispute  that  point,  hinting  that  they  do  not  like  raw  beef.  However,  at 
soup  I  am  allowed  by  all  hands  to  be  unrivaled.  Nay,  1  have  occasionally 
astonished  them  (and  myself,  too,)  by  a  pretty  decent  imitation  of  a 
stewed  beefsteak.  I  have  also  occasionally  tried  my  hand  at  baking,  but 
from  all  such  bread,  good  Lord,  deliver  us.  In  the  bread  line  I  am  forced 
to  fall  back  into  a  subordinate  position,  Vinton  Matthews  being  unani 
mously  considered  the  best  baker  of  the  lot.  Jim  Hook  and  Ed  Dickey  do 
a  pretty  fair  business  in  the  bread  and  beef  line  (the  eating  part,  I  mean), 
and  as  Joe  Orrill,  when  he  cooks,  reminds  us  of  the  old  adage,  "God  sends 
meat,  but  the  devil  sends  cooks,"  why,  as  he  has  a  pair  of  unsurpassingly 
long  legs,  we  have  made  him  water  carrier. 

Mace,  poor  old  Mace,  the  best  fellow  in  creation,  is  in  hospital.  In 
cookery  his  taste  is  certainly  more  unique  than  pleasant,  as  he  burns  up 
his  beefsteaks  and  admires  bread  and  fresh  pork  nearly  raw.  As  for  wash 
ing,  Heaven  grant  me  patience.  I  must  wash  this  very  afternoon.  Wash 
ing  is  the  very  -  -  mischief.  As  one  of  our  fellows  says:  "Guard  is  a 
bore,  cooking  is  a  borer,  but  washing  is  the  borest."  Those  vile  shirts 
whose  collars  and  wristbands  will  keep  their  deep  brown  streaks.  Those 
villainous  ragged  socks— Oh,  darn  the  socks!  Well.  well,  it  is  no  use 

swearing  about  the  abominable  rags.  They  are  not  worth  a  straw, 




Indiana  Sentinel,  June  23,  1847. 

We  find  a  letter  in  a  late  number  of  the  New  Albany  Bulletin  over  the 
signature  of  Thomas  T.  Hogan,  a  lieutenant  of  Company  G,  Second  Regi 
ment  Indiana  Volunteers.  It  is  addressed  to  the  New  Orleans  Tropic,  but 
the  Bulletin  is  furnished  with  a  manuscript  copy  by  the  correspondent.  It 
briefly  relates  the  principal  events  relative  to  the-  conduct  of  the  Second 
Regiment  at  Buena  Vista.  It  is  unnecessary  for  us  to  republish  these,  for 
we  have  already  given  them  from  a  dozen  sources. 

We  copy  the  spirited  conclusion  of  the  letter,  however,  because  it  ex 
poses  the  name  of  the  officer  of  the  regular  army  who  is  said  to  have  been 
the  author  of  the  first  version  of  those  slanderous  reports  over  the  signa 
ture  of  "Buena  Vista,"  and  which  were  first  brought  here  in  the  Louisville 
Journal.  We  don't  think,  by  the  way,  that  Lieutenant  Hogan  is  called 
upon  to  back  his  denunciations  of  the  author  of  this  calumny  in  the  way 
in  which  he  intimates  he  is  ready  to  do.  No  decent  man  would  put  him 
self  on  a  level  with  such  a  mean  and  cowardly  person. 

Lieutenant  Hogan  thus  concludes  his  letter : 

"Thus  ended  the  fight  and  here  the  last  man  fell  who  was  killed  at 
Buena  Vista.  Captain  Taggart,  of  Company  E  of  the  Third  Regiment  of 

"It  was  the  Indiana  Riflemen  who  opened  the  fight  on  the  22d.  The 
Second  Indiana  opened  the  ball  on  the  23d  and  maintained  their  position 
against  the  whole  Mexican  army  until  they  were  ordered  to  retreat.  It 
was  the  Third  Indiana,  the  strongest  on  the  field,  whose  ranks  never 
broke,  who  never  wavered,  and  who  never  engaged  the  enemy  without  de 
feating  him,  and  it  was  this  regiment,  on  the  night  of  the  23d,  thnt  occu 
pied  the  advanced  position  when  the  enemy  drew  off.  In  vi«\v  of  these 
facts,  and  belieAring  the  writer  'Buena  Vista,'  who  I  undeistKid  t  >  be 
Lieutenant  Kingsbury  of  the  U.  S.  Army,  intended  maliciously  to  injure 
the  reputation  of  the  Indiana  troops,  of  which  I  formed  a  part,  it  is  with 
pleasure  that  I  denounce  him  to  the  world  as  a  base  calumniator  and  un 
worthy  to  be  ranked  as  a  gentleman.  While  I  thus  publicly  denounce  him. 
I  wish  it  distinctly  understood  that  I  hold  myself  responsible. 

"It  may  be  proper  to  add  that  this  course  would  not  have  been  resorted 
to,  but  Lieutenant  Kingsbury  left  here  shortly  after  the  battle  and  his 
whereabouts  cannot  be  ascertained. 

"Yours  with  respect, 


"Lieutenant  Commanding,  Company  G,  Second  Indiana  Volunteers." 


Indiana  Journal,  June  25,  1847. 

Saturday,  June  19,  1847,  in  accordance  with  notice,  the  young  men  of 
Indianapolis  held  a  meeting  for  the  purpose  of  making  preparations  for 
the  reception  of  the  body  of  Cnptain  Kinder. 

The  meeting  was  organized  on  the  motion  of  R.  L.  Walpole,  by  calling 


J.  T.  Morrison  to  the  chair  and  appointing  B.  R.  Sul grove  secretary,  the 
object  of  the  meeting  being  stated  by  the  chairman. 

A.  J.  Stevens  then  offered  the  following,  which  was  adopted: 

"The  young  men  of  Indianapolis,  the  friends  and  acquaintances  of  the 
lamented  Captain  T.  B.  Kinder,  who  fell  so  gallantly  fighting  for  his  coun 
try  at  the  renowned  Buena  Vista,  learn  that  his  remains  are  now  on  the 
way  to  the  home  of  his  relations  and  of  his  boyhood,  and  desiring  to  ex 
press  their  deep  feelings  of  regret  for  his  untimely  death,  their  admiration 
for  his  noble  bearing  on  the  battle  field  and  their  sense  of  his  estimable 
worth  as  a  citizen,  unanimously 

"Resolved.  That  the  volunteers  of  Indiana  merit  the  approbation  of  the 
citizens  of  Indianapolis  for  their  generous  resolve  in  bringing  the  remains 
of  the  late  Captain  Kinder  to  rest  among  his  early  friends  and  relations. 

"Resolved,  further.  That  a  committee  of  three  be  appointed  to  make 
suitable  arrangements  for  the  reception  of  the  same,  and  that  they  report 
the  order  of  arrangements  through  the  city  papers." 

Committee  of  Arrangements — Stevens,  Sulgrove  and  Coburu. 

The  committee,  on  motion,  then  proceeded  to  vote  for  orator  of  the 
day.  W.  H.  Haiina.  Esq.,  was  appointed. 

Ordered  that  the  proceedings  of  the  meeting  be  published  in  the  papers, 
and  on  motion  the  meeting  adjourned. 

Order  of  Arrangements— The  procession  will  be  formed  at  the  Palmer 
House  and  proceed  to  the  limits  of  the  city,  where  the  remains  will  be  met 
and  escorted  to  the  court  house,  at  which  place  an  oration  will  be  deliv 

Prayer  by  the  Rev.  Mr.  Gillette. 

Oration  by  W.  H.  Hanna,  Esq. 

Marshals  of  the  Day— William  Campbell  and  assistants. 

The  remains  will  remain  uuburied  for  one  or  two  days  at  some  con 
venient  place  that  the  citizens  may  have  an  opportunity  of  showing  their 
respect  for  the  memory  of  Captain  Kinder  by  visiting  the  same. 


Aaron  Ohr.  Albert  G.  Porter. 

A.  M.  Carnahan.  L.  S.  Sargeaut. 

W.  L.  Morris.  R.  L.  Walpole. 


Indiana  Journal,  June  25,  1847. 

One  of  the  Indiana  volunteers,  now  in  camp  at  Fort  Clarke,  outside  this 
city,  says  the  Louisville  Courier  of  Monday,  attempted  on  Saturday  night 
last  to  pass  out  of  camp  without  the  countersign.  He  was  severely  wound 
ed  by  a  sword  or  knife  in  the  hands  of  the  guard  on  duty,  who  in  turn 
was  shot  in  the  thigh  by  the  wounded  man.  Both  wounds  are  severe,  al 
though  not  thought  to  be  mortal. 


Madison  Courier,  June  26,  1847. 

Colonel  Willis  A.  Gorman,  the  gallant  commander  of  the  new  regiment 
of  volunteers,  now  organizing  in  camp  at  Fort  Clarke,  has  received  orders 
from  the  Adjutant- General  at  Washington,  to  proceed  immediately  with  his 
command  to  Brazos  Island,  where  he  will  be  placed  with  the  division 
under  General  Taylor.  On  this  information  being  announced  by  the  Colo 
nel  the  whole  regiment  expressed  the  greatest  satisfaction,  for  with  "Rough 
and  Ready"  at  the  helm  and  Colonel  Gorman  in  immediate  command,  the 
brilliant  destiny  that  awaits  them  is  certain.  The  companies  will  all  be 
full,  and  a  high  degree  of  discipline  prevails  throughout  the  ranks. 

Indiana  Journal,  June  29.  1847. 

Captain  McDougall  and  a  portion  of  his  company  arrived  at  home  on 
Saturday  evening.  Captain  May  of  Crawfordsville,  with  about  forty  of  his 
company,  passed  through  this  city  on  their  way  home  on  the  same  evening. 

"WHO  HE  WAS." 

Indiana  Journal,  June  29,  1847. 

The  other  day  we  alluded  to  a  reference  made  in  this  report  to  a 
gallant  officer  from  this  State  who  was  unknown  to  Colonel  Davis  and 
asked:  "\Vho  is  he?" 

The  New  Albany  Daily  Bulletin,  after  quoting  the  inquiry,  answers  it 
as  follows:  "Captain  Nathan  Kiinball,  Company  G,  Second  Regiment  In 
diana  Volunteers,  is  the  identical  officer  whose  gallantry  and  heroic  con 
duct  in  that  sanguinary  battle  attracted  the  particular  attention  of  Colonel 
Davis  of  the  Mississippi  Regiment." 


Indiana  Journal,  June  30,  1847. 

It  is  said  that  Colonel  Bowles  has  determined  to  remain  at  New  Or 
leans  and  set  up  a  drug  store. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  June  30,  1847. 

It  being  expected  that  the  volunteers  would  return  in  a  body,  or  at 
least  by  companies,  our  citizens  had  made  liberal  preparations  to  receive 
and  entertain  them.  News  having  been  received  that  a  body  of  them  were 
to  be  here  last  Saturday,  notice  was  given  by  a  salute  from  "Old  Betsy," 
and  up  to  nearly  an  hour  of  their  arrival  she  continued  to  cough.  How 
ever,  but  twenty  or  thirty  arrived  and  they  were  members  from  several 


companies  of  the  First  Regiment,  a  majority  of  whom  resided  in  this  vi 
cinity.  Every  stage  now  comes  and  departs  loaded  with  these  brave  boys, 
among  whom  we  recognize  many  familiar  countenances.  In  general  they 
appear  in  fair  health,  some  in  fact  improved  and  some  reduced.  We  sin 
cerely  hope  the  latter  may  speedily  recover,  as  we  have  no-  doubt  they  will. 
We  have  to  record  the  death  of  James  Craig,  aged  19  years,  of  Green- 
castle,  who  arrived  here  on  Saturday  and  who  was  perfectly  exhausted 
in  his  anxiety  to  reach  home.  Mr.  Craig  was  one  of  the  finest  young  men 
in  the  army  and  had  enjoyed  good  health  until  near  his  home,  when  the 
fell  destroyer  overtook  him.  His  remains  were  conveyed  to  his  home  by 
his  father-in-law,  who,  on  hearing  of  his  sickness,  promptly  came  for  him. 
His  mother — oh,  how  must  she  feel  in  expecting  her  sick  boy,  to  be  thus 
greeted?  We  can  only  console  them  by  testifying  to  the  unremitting  care 
and  attention  he  received  here  during  his  short  but  fatal  illness,  and  the 
sympathy  expressed  by  all  who  knew  him. 

EVANSVILLE,  IND.,  June  30,  1847. 

P.  M.  Kent,  J.  Montgomery,  John  B.  Wiustandley,  Jefferson  Connor,  Esqs. : 

GEXTLEMEX  :  Your  very  kind  and  flattering  note  inviting  me  to  visit 
your  city  and  partake  of  the  hospitality  of  her  generous  citizens,  came  to 
hand  two  days  ago.  I  have  thus  far  delayed  answering  it  with  the  hope 
that  I  might  be  able  to  accept  your  invitation.  This  pleasure,  I  am  sorry 
to  inform  you.  I  will  be  compelled  to  forego. 

My  stay  with  my  family  is  limited  to  a  very  few  days.  The  short 
time,  therefore,  which  1  will  have  to  spare  from  the  public  service  will  be 
all  engrossed  in  private  business  preparatory  to  my  departure  for  Mexico. 

I  beg.  however,  to  assure  you  that  nothing  would  afford  me  greater 
pleasure  than  to  meet  my  fellow  citizens  of  New  Albany  at  the  festive 
board.  The  many  acts  of  kindness  which  I  received  from  the  citizens  of 
New  Albany  a  year  ago  during  my  short  stay  among  you,  is  gratefully  re 
membered.  For  this  renewed  mark  of  your  confidence  and  esteem,  and  for 
the  very  flattering  manner  in  which  you  have  been  pleased  to  speak  of  my 
military  service,  I  return  you  my  sincere  thanks. 

I  am,  gentlemen,  with  high  regard,  your  friend  and  fellow  citizen, 



(By  an  ex-Reporter  of  the  State  Sentinel.) 

Indiana  Sentinel.  June  30,  1847. 

NEW  ORLEANS,  June  17,  1847. 

The  volunteers  have  been  well  received  by  the  citizens  of  New  Orleans. 
Several  dinners  have  been  made  for  them  and  salutes  fired,  but  it  may  be 
proper  to  remark  that  although  the  great  mass  of  the  people  of  this  city 
have  shown  their  patriotism  and  liberality  on  every  occasion,  yet  this  great 


commercial  emporium  has  its  full  quota  of  Jews  and  land-sharks,  and 
from  the  manner  they  formed  close  column  on  the  soldiers  when  they  were 
discharged  and  paid,  and  when  they  separated,  deployed  as  skirmishers 
upon  their  well-earned  bounty  with  apparent  friendship  and  language  full 
of  misrepresentations,  led  me  to  believe  that  this  was  a  great  place  of  ren 
dezvous  and  that  all  the  recruiting  officers  of  the  land-shark  division  had 
marched  their  forces  to  this  spot.  It  may  surprise  you  when  I  tell  you 
that  they  offered  to  buy  land  or  scrip  from  the  soldiers  for  $35.00,  and  that 
some  of  the  soldiers  actually  made  sales  on  the  above  terms.  Much  credit 
is  due  to  the  officers  from  our  State  for  advising  the  soldiers  to  retain  their 
land  and  not  let  the  proceeds  of  their  hard  service  go  to  enrich  speculators. 

General  Lane  advised  the  soldiers  to  keep  their  land  and  not  sacrifice 
it,  when  they  could  dispose  of  it  on  much  better  terms  in  their  own  State. 
Colonel  Drake,  in  his  address  to  the  officers  and  soldiers  of  the  First  Regi 
ment,  said :  "I  would  here  suggest  to  those  who  have  claims  upon  the 
United  States  for  bounty  lands,  the  propriety  of  retaining  them.  It  has 
given  me  much  pain,  since  our  arrival  at  this  place,  to  see  soldiers  offering 
and  selling  their  claims,  which  they  have  so  honestly  and  faithfully  earned, 
at  from  $70  to  $80,  making  a  sacrifice  of  at  least  $120.  I  hope,  at  least, 
you  will  not  dispose  of  your  claims  at  this  time.  If  you  retain  them  until 
you  arrive  at  home,  I  doubt  not  you  will  be  able  to  make  them  yield  you 
at  least  $200.  Your  warrants  will  be  sent  to  you  free  of  charge.  Any  sale 
you  may  now  make,  according  to  the  law,  is  void." 

The  companies  of  the  First  Regiment  from  Marion,  Fountain  and 
Montgomery  have  left  here  for  home;  the  remaining  companies  will  leave 
shortly.  Colonel  Tibbatts  of  Kentucky,  and  Major  R.  G.  Norvill  of  Indiana, 
are  at  Carrollton  with  a  number  of  recruits  for  the  Sixteenth  Infantry, 
and  are  expected  to  leave  here  for  Mexico  in  a  few  days.  Two  companies 
from  New  Orleans  will  also  receive  marching  orders  to  join  General  Tay 
lor's  command.  The  companies  of  Captains  Owen  and  Hendricks  were  at 
San  Francisco  and  the  company  of  Captain  Bethel  at  Reynosa  when  we 
were  on  our  return  from  Monterey.  *  *  * 

As  I  no  longer  sojourn  upon  the  tented  field,  my  sketches  in  camp  will 
cease  with  this  number. 

Indiana  Journal,  July  3,  Jf<S47. 

We  learn  by  a  private  letter  from  one  of  the  volunteers  that  the 
Fourth  Indiana  Regiment  was  to  leave  their  encampment  at  Fort  Clarke 
and  proceed  to  Mexico  on  last  Saturday.  The  troops  generally  were  in 
good  health. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  July  3,  18Jtl. 

Captain  Spiceley's  company  of  Hoosier  boys,  numbering  fifty-four  men, 
rank  and  file,  from  Orange  County,  having  in  charge  the  remains  of  the 
brave  and  noble  Kinder,  and  Captain  Kimball's  company  of  Posey  Guards 
of  Washington  County,  arrived  at  our  wharf  on  the  steamer  Glencoe  on 


Thursday  last,  every  demonstration  of  respect  and  cordial  welcome  being 
shown  them  by  our  citizens.  They  immediately  proceeded  on  their  way 
home,  their  friends  being  in  waiting  for  them  with  the  proper  conveyances. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  July  3,  1847. 

The  triumphal  arch  spanning  Wall  street,  erected  by  the  ladies  of  New 
Albany  on  the  occasion  of  the  return  of  our  volunteers,  is  certainly  one  of 
the  most  elegant  and  beautiful  works  of  the  kind  we  have  ever  seen.  It 
is  formed  of  rich  flowers  and  evergreens,  beautifully  and  ingeniously  inter 
woven,  with  an  appropriate  motto  suspended  in  the  arch.  The  brave  and 
noble  men,  in  commemoration  of  whose  conduct  it  is  intended,  cannot  but 
highly  appreciate  the  feeling  which  prompted  it. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  July  3,  1847. 

This  splendid  musical  corps  of  Salem,  accompanied  by  quite  a  number 
of  carriages,  arrived  in  our  city  the  day  before  yesterday  and  put  up  at 
Warren's  Hotel.  They  are  here  for  the  purpose  of  forming  an  escort  to 
Captain  Dennis's  Riflemen  on  their  return. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  July  3,  1847. 

JEFFERSONVILLE,  June  27,  1847. 

EDITOR  SENTINEL — You  will  please  to  notice  in  your  paper  the  em 
barkation  of  the  Fourth  Regiment  Indiana  Volunteers,  which  will  take 
place  tomorrow,  on  the  following  steamboats,  and  in  the  order  herein 
stated,  to  wit : 

Steamer  "Saladin" — Company  A,  Captain  John  M.  Wallace;  Company 
B,  Captain  Jesse  J.  Alexander;  Company  C,  Captain  William  F.  Bald- 
ridge;  Company  D.  Captain  Edward  Lander;  under  the  order  of  Willis 
A.  Gorman,  Colonel. 

Steamer  "Franklin"— Company  E,  Captain  Michael  Fitzgibbon ;  Com 
pany  I,  Captain  A.  L.  Mason;  Company  G,  Captain  Daniel  Landerman ; 
under  the  order  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  Durnont. 

Steamer  "General  Hamer" — Company  II,  Captain  London  Cockran ; 
Company  F,  Captain  John  W.  Crook ;  Company  K,  Captain  Robert  Fravell ; 
under  the  order  of  Major  McCoy. 

The  regiment  proceeded  today  from  the  place  of  rendezvous  to  Jeffer- 
sonville  and  was  drawn  up  in  solid  column  for  the  purpose  of  receiving 


from  tbe  ladies  of  this  city  a  splendid  stand  of  regimental  colors.  This 
gift  from  the  fair  and  patriotic  ladies  of  Jeffersonville  was  received  into 
hands  strong  to  protect  it  in  every  emergency  and  by  hearts  warm  and 
ardent  to  appreciate  its  value.  Adjutant-General  Reynolds  supported  the 
flag  and  Captain  Edward  Lander,  in  behalf  of  the  ladies,  delivered  a  neat, 
eloquent  and  patriotic  address  which  was,  on  behalf  of  the  regiment,  re 
sponded  to  by  Colonel  Willis  A.  Gorman  in  a  strain  of  deep  feeling  and 
high  resolve,  causing  the  tear  to  start  from  many  a  fair  eye,  and  the  manly 
heart  of  many  a  gallant  soldier  to  swell  with  emotion.  A  fine  band  at 
tached  to  the  regiment  then  struck  up  the  "Star  Spangled  Banner"  as  the 
troops  whirled  into  open  column  under  the  sound  of  "instrumental  har 
mony  that  breathed  heroic  ardor  to  adventurous  deeds,"  and  proceeded  to 
their  former  position  at  Fort  Clarke.  ALEX.  McCLELLAND. 


Indiana  Journal,  July  5,  1847. 

Lieutenant-Colonel  Henry  S.  Lane,  of  the  First  Regiment  Indiana  Vol 
unteers,  passed  through  this  city  on  last  Friday  on  his  way  home.  He  is 
in  better  health  than  he  has  been  for  many  years.  No  young  man  in  the 
State  has  more  warm  and  sincere  friends  than  Henry  S.  Lane,  and  right 
glad  will  they  be  to  hear  of  his  safe  return  and  of  the  restoration  of  his 
heretofore  feeble  constitution. 


Company  F,  Third  Regiment. 

From  History  Bartholemew  County. 

Company  F  was  in  the  service  about  twelve  and  a  half  months.  The 
company  was  mustered  in  at  New  Albany  with  eighty-eight  men,  and  mus 
tered  out  at  New  Orleans  with  sixty-four  men.  They  came  home  by  way 
of  Madison,  reaching  Columbus,  July  4,  1847. 


Indiana  Journal,  July  5,  1847. 

The  Louisville  Courier  of  the  29th  ult  says:  "The  Fourth  Regiment 
of  Indiana  Volunteers,  under  Colonel  Gorman,  embarked  yesterday  for  New 
Orleans  on  the  steamboats  Saladin,  M.  B.  Hamer  and  Carolina.  They  will 
proceed  without  delay  to  join  General  Taylor  at  his  headquarters.  The 
regiment  is  composed  of  a  fine-looking  body  of  men  and  they  took  their 
departure  in  the  finest  possible  spirits.  That  they  will  serve  their  country 
honorably,  faithfully  and  with  credit  to  themselves  we  have  every  con 


Albany  Democrat,  July  6,  1847. 
This  gallant  company,  for  the  safety  of  whose  passage  across  the  gulf 
some  fears  were  entertained,  have  reached  New  Orleans,  received  their  dis 
charges  and  a  portion  of  them  arrived  at  this  city  yesterday  on  board  the 
Alex.  Scott.     The  remainder  will  be  up  today  on  the  Empire. 


Indiana  Journal,  July  6,  1847. 

The  volunteers  from  this  State,  those  of  them  who  are  alive,  have 
pretty  nearly  all  returned.  Wagon  loads  of  them  have  whirled  through  our 
streets  for  several  days  past  to  their  respective  homes,  once  more  to  mingle 
with  their  fellow-citizens  in  the  common  avocations  and  pursuits  of  every 
day  life. 

To  say  they  met^  a  warm  and  welcome  reception  from  their  relatives 
and  friends  would  be  superfluous  to  the  last  degree.  A  hearty  shake  of  the 
hand,  the  heart  overflowing  with  expressions  of  joy  the  tongue  could  not 
utter,  but  of  which  the  silent  tear  down  many  a  manly  cheek  spoke  too 
plainly  to  be  misunderstood.  The  reception  of  a  mother  to  her  returning 
boy,  the  wife  to  her  husband,  the  child  to  its  father,  and  the  tender,  con 
fiding  girl  to  her  lover,  tell  of  the  reunion  of  sympathies  and  ties  whose 
mysterious  influences  hold  their  vigils  within  the  inner  chamber  of  the 
soul  and  into  whose  sanctuary  the  thoughtless  dare  not  venture. 

There  were  five  full  companies  went  from  this  congressional  district ; 
but  few  of  them  were  in  the  battles  which  slayed  their  hundreds,  but  all 
of  them  were  exposed  to  the  pestilence  that  walketh  at  noonday  which 
slayed  its  thousands,  and  we  venture  to  say,  from  what  has  already  come 
to  our  knowledge,  that  their  ranks  have  been  reduced  from  the  full  com 
plement  of  80  or  90  per  company,  to  something  near  50. 

Out  of  several  that  reached  this  place,  in  great  delibity,  within  forty 
miles  of  his  home,  a  young  man  died  last  Monday  at  Drake's  Hotel.  His 
lifeless  corpse  and  a  Christian  burial  alone  remain  to  console  the  disap 
pointment  of  a  bereaved  family.  Oh,  war,  war,  grini-visaged  war ;  what 
untold  miseries, follow  thy  footsteps. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  July  6,  1847. 

On  yesterday  the  citizens  of  New  Albany  performed  the  last  sad  duties 
to  the  remains  of  Robinson.  Goff,  Stevens  and  Bailey,  who  fell  at  Buena 

Early  in  the  morning  citizens  of  both  sexes  began  to  assemble  at  dif 
ferent  points  from  which  could  be  seen  the  procession  of  military,  etc.  The 
funeral  sermon  was  preached  by  the  Rev.  Mr.  Holliday.  Owing  to  the 


dense  multitude  in  attendance  few  could  hear  the  discourse.  We  are  told 
by  those  who  did  hear  it  that  it  was  eloquent  and  impressive.  After  the 
ceremonies  at  the  church  the  procession  formed  in  the  following  order, 
under  the  direction  of  Colonel  P.  F.  Tuley  as  chief  marshal,  and  Messrs. 
I.  P.  Smith,  J.  B.  Anderson,  A.  P.  Willard  and  A.  S.  Rager  as  assistant 
marshals : 

First — New  Albany  brass  band. 

Second— Military. 

Third — Clergy  of  different  denominations. 

Fourth — Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows. 

Fifth — Remains  of  the  dead  on  a  car  drawn  by  six  horses. 

Sixth — Relatives  of  the  deceased  in  carriages. 

Seventh — Company  of  the  Spencer  Grays  as  mourners  and  pallbearers. 

Eighth — Calliopean  Society. 

Ninth — Sons  of  Temperance. 

Tenth — Indiana  Volunteers  returned  from  Mexico. 

Eleventh — Mayor  and  Council. 

Twelfth — Committee  of  Arrangement  and  Reception. 

Fourteenth — Fire  companies. 

Sixteenth— Citizens  on  foot. 

Seventeenth — Citizens  in  carriages  and  on  horseback. 

In  this  order  the  procession  moved  to  the  Northern  graveyard,  during 
which  time  minute  guns  were  fired.  One  of  the  deceased  being  a  member 
of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  the  lodge  of  which  he  was  a 
member  performed  the  beautiful  funeral  services  of  that  order  over  his 
grave,  the  Rev.  M.  Lair,  chaplain  of  the  New  Albany  Lodge,  officiating. 
After  the  coffins  were  laid  in  the  vault,  each  Odd  Fellow  present  threw  into 
the  grave  a  sprig  of  evergreen,  a  token  of  ttiat  life  beyond  the  grave  to 
which  every  brother  aspires,  after  which  an  eloquent  closing  prayer  was 
offered  by  Rev.  C.  W.  Ruter.  The  military,  societies,  citizens,  etc.,  then 
returned  to  the  public  square  in  the  same  manner  in  which  they  went,  and 

The  Spencer  Grays,  who  attended  as  mourners  and  pallbearers  to  their 
deceased  comrades,  were  the  observed  of  all  observers.  They,  who  were 
by  their  side  when  they  fell  on  the  bloody  field,  who,  although  since  they 
left  their  homes  a  year  ago  have  seen  death  in  a  thousand  forms,  could  not 
but  feel  melancholy  in  thus  consigning  to  the  tomb,  in  the  scenes  of  their 
childhood  and  their  homes,  some  of  their  most  loved  companions. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  July  7,  /<S'47. 

The  New  Albany  Democrat  of  July  3  says  that  General  Lane,  having 
received  a  reappointiiiont.  will  leave  home  in  a  few  days  for  the  seat  of 
war.  We  learn  that  General  Lane  will  join  the  division  of  the  army  under 
Major-General  Scott. 


Xcic  Albany  Democrat,  July  8,  1847. 

The  Spencer  Grays,  Captain  Sanderson  of  this  city,  and  the  Washing 
ton  Riflemen,  Captain  Dennis  of  Saleni,  arrived  at  our  'city  this  morning 
about  4  o'clock.  They  were  cordially  welcomed  by  our  citizens,  thousands 
of  whom  crowded  our  wharf  to  welcome  to  their  homes  the  gallant  heroes 
of  Buena  Vista. 

Xeic  Albany  Democrat,  July  8,  1847. 


MEXICO,  June  10,  1847. 

EDITOR  NEW  ALBANY  DEMOCRAT — Three  companies  of  Dragoons,  with 
a  detachment  of  volunteer  infantry  under  command  of  Major  Lee,  left 
camp  near  Vera  Cruz  as  an  escort  to  a  large  wagon  train  on  the  4th  inst. 
Early  in  the  day  of  the  7th,  our  train  being  too  much  extended,  we  were 
attacked  by  a  baud  of  rancheros.  The  attack  was  made  on  Captain  Ford's 
company  of  Dragoons.  The  enemy  being  concealed  in  the  chaparel,  could 
not  be  charged.  The  company  fell  back  and  aided  in  bringing  up  the  train 
and  placing  it  in  a  defensive  position,  after  which  we  attacked  the  yellow 
skins  and  made  them  take  to  the  mountains.  They  left  some  of  their 
number,  and  the  marks  of  blood  left  on  the  ground  indicated  that  more 
had  been  killed  or  badly  wounded  than  could  be  found. on  the  ground  after 
the  battle  was  over.  The  victory  was  in  our  favor,  but  it  was  not  one 
without  cost.  We  have  to  mourn  the  fate  of  John  H.  Gibson,  Sack  Pen- 
nington  and  Samuel  Redden,  killed,  and  Joseph  Corwin,  James  Brooks  and 
Thomas  Graves,  wounded,  none  of  them.  I  think,  seriously.  Besides  the 
above  there  were  several  of  the  infantry  and  others  killed  and  wounded,  in 
all  about  twenty.  I  write  this  in  great  haste  to  send  by  a  party  of  dis 
charged  volunteers  returning  to  Vera  Cruz.  The  returning  volunteers  re 
port  General  Scott  within  thirty-five  miles  of  the  City  of  Mexico. 

Yours,  etc., 

R.  S. 


Brookville  American,  July  9,  1847. 

The  volunteers  from  Franklin  County  returned  on  Monday  last.  They 
are  in  good  health  and  spirits.  They  received  a  cordial  welcome  from  our 

In  our  community  there  is  the  right  feeling  on  the  subject  of  this  and 
all  other  wars  in  which  our  country  may  be  engaged.  They  believe  in  sus 
taining  our  flag  and  those  who  defend  it,  no  matter  on  what  soil  it  is 
reared  or  in  what  cause  it  floats.  When  our  regularly  constituted  au 
thority  has  once  declared  us  at  war  with  another  nation,  we  care  not 
whether  it  be  Christian  or  un-Christian.  moral  or  immoral,  right  or  wrong, 
our  country  must  be  sustained. 

Whenever  our  army  is  in  the  field  our  eagle  is  screaming  in  the  air 
and  our  cannon  are  battering  down  the  walls  and  serried  columns  of  bur 


enemy,  we  are  for  him  who  does  and  dares  the  most.  When  we  are  at 
war  we  believe  in  killing  as  many  of  our  enemies  and  destroying  as  much 
of  their  property  in  as  short  a  time  as  may  he  and  with  the  least  possible 
loss  on  our  part.  This  is  our  view  of  war. 

On  Tuesday  next  we  understand  a  public  dinner  will  be  given  those 
volunteers  who  have  so  noblv  sustained  our  nation  and  our  honor. 

New  Albany  Democrat,  July  10,  1847. 

We  are  indebted  to  Captain  H.  W.  Smith  of  the  splendid  steamer  Em 
pire  for  a  lot  of  New  Orleans  and  Memphis  papers.  The  Empire  brought 
up  250  cabin  and  2G5  deck  passengers,  as  also  a  part  of  the  Second  and 
Third  Indiana  and  Colonel  Curtis's  Ohio  Regiment  of  Volunteers. 

New  Albany  Democrat,  July  10,  1847. 

Dr.  Catlin  of  the  Spencer  Grays,  who  came  up  a  passenger  on  the  Em 
pire,  will  accept  our  thanks  for  a  package  of  late  New  Orleans  papers. 

New  Albany  Democrat,  July  10,  1847. 

We  learn  from  the  Telegraph  that  there  was  a  large  concourse  of  peo 
ple  at  Paoli  on  the  occasion  of  the  ceremonies  over  the  body  of  Captain 
Kinder.  John  Frazer,  Esq..  pronounced  a  eulogium  on  the  life  and  char 
acter  of  the  deceased. 


Louisville  Democrat,  July  8,  1847. 

To  Captain  Landers's  Company,  Fourth  Regiment,  by  General  Reynolds,  on 

behalf  of  the  ladies  of  Indianapolis : 

At  11  o'clock  yesterday,  Captain  Landers,  at  the  head  of  his  fine  com 
pany,  Colonel  Gorman  on  horseback,  marched  from  the  encampment  and 
formed  in  front  of  the  Bowman  House  in  Jeffersonville,  to  receive  from  the 
Adjutant-General  of  Indiana  a  splendid  flag  presented  by  the  ladies  of  In 
dianapolis.  Captain  Landers  stood  in  front  of  his  company,  and  Colonel 
Gorman  to  the  left  of  the  General  supporting  the  flag,  while  he  made  an 
address  from  which  the  following  is  an  extract : 

Captain  Landers,  and  the  Officers  and  Members  of  the  Marion  County 
Infantry — A  few  weeks  ago  I  accompanied  you  to  the  suburbs  of  the  capital 
of  our  beloved  State  and  addressed  a  few  words  to  you  as  you  gave  a  fare 
well  glance  at  the  scenes  of  your  childhood.  As  my  eye  ran  along  your 
column  filing  away  into  the  forest  towards  the  seat  of  war.  it  discovered 
that  something  was  yet  wanting.  No  beautiful  banner  floated  on  your 
right,  for  the  ladies  of  our  capital  city  had  not  anticipated  so  early  a  de 
parture,  but  now  I  have  the  pleasure  of  telling  you,  yes.  of  showing  you 
that  they  have  accomplished  that  which  they  at  first  intended  to  do. 

Volunteers,  do  you  see  this  exquisitely  beautiful  banner?  See  you  not 
its  ample  folds  of  richest  satin?  Its  silken  field  of  snow-white,  a  fitting 
emblem  of  the  pure  patriotism  of  the  fair  donors?  See  you  not  the  glori 
ous  thirteen  stripes,  alternating  in  silver  white  and  richest  crimson  and 
representing  in  numbers  the  original  thirteen  states  joined  in  union  by  our 


revolutionary  fathers  as  are  these  thirteen  stripes  by  the  hands  of  their 
patriotic  daughters? 

Soldiers,  see  you  that  constellation  of  golden  stars,  one  for  each  state 
now  in  this  union?  See  you  this  reserved  spot  where  other  stars  shall  yet 
rise  as  twinkling  representations  of  new-born  states  and  whose  infantile 
breathings  shall  yet  be  heard  as  they  spring  from  the  new  deep  solitude 
of  the  mighty  west  and  southwest?  See  you  not  the  expanded  pinions  of 
our  bird  of  Jove,  the  American  Eagle,  drawn  by  the  pencil  of  the  cele 
brated  Cox?  See  him  as  he  circles  amid  the  starry  constellation  casting 
his  keen  eye  over  the  doings  of  the  nations  of  the  earth  in  a  never  sleeping 
vigil.  See  him  bearing  in  one  of  his  talons  the  olive  branch  of  peace,  and 
in  the  other  the  barbed  arrows. 

Volunteers  of  the  Marion  County  Infantry,  by  special  request,  I  have 
the  distinguished  honor  this  day  of  presenting  to  yon.  in  the  name  of  the 
patriotic  ladies  of  Indianapolis,  this  exquisitely  beautiful  star-spangled 
banner.  It  was  made  by  the  skill  of  their  own  hands  and  is  presented  as 
a  farewell  offering  of  their  hearts.  Accept  it  then,  soldiers,  as  a  memorial 
of  the  affection  the  fair  donors  bear  you.  Among  them  are  some  of  your 
wives,  your  mothers,  your  sisters.  .  They  are  all  your  friends,  friends  of 
their  country,  friends  of  the  brave  volunteers,  defenders  of  its  flag,  its 
honor,  its  glory,  its  inimitable  interests.  This  is  the  gift  of  woman,  "her 
self  the  noblest  gift  to  man."  Xay.  more,  it  is  the  gift  of  our  fair  towns- 
women  of  the  capital  of  Indiana,  fairer  and  more  patriotic  than  whom, 
permit  me  deferentially  to  say.  the  sun  in  his  course  never  shone  upon. 
You  are  their  representatives  on  our  country's  battle-field.  That  you  will 
do  honor  to  our  common  country  by  deeds  of  valor  they  entertain  not  a 
single  doubt.  Then  take  this  flag.  Give  its  rich  folds  to  the  breeze  of 
Heaven,  whether  you  march  over  bloody  Bueua  Vista,  the  consecrated  spot 
where  fell  our  beloved  and  gallant  Kinder.  Walker.  Taggart  and  other 
brave  Indianians,  and  on  whose  mountain  side  your  gallant  Colonel  now 
supporting  this  flag  during  its  presentation,  earned  and  received  laurels 
that  will  fade  only  when  the  written  and  unwritten  history  of  the  country 
shall  have  perished,  or  whether  you  inarch  through  Cerro  Gordo  on  your 
way  to  the  now  desecrated  halls  of  Montezuma.  I  say  whenever  you 
march  through  that  treacherous  nation,  when  your  martial  band  shall  pour 
"Hail  Columbia"  through  the  mountains  and  valleys  of  that  land  of  tyr 
anny,  then  unfurl  this  rich  banner  and  call  before  you  the  living  features 
of  those  whose  handiwork  it  is. 

May  the  God  of  Battles  protect  you  and  your  banner,  and  when  the 
angel  of  peace  shall  again  visit  the  two  nations  and  the  southern  breezes 
no  longer  be  laden  with  the  din  of  battle,  and  the  wail  of  the  dying  soldier, 
then,  if  not  before,  may  you  return  with  unshaken  ranks  to  the  bosom  of 
your  friends,  covered  with  untarnished  glory,  bearing  back  to  the  hands 
that  made  it  this  rich  banner,  pierced  though  it  may  be  by  many  a  ball  and 
rent  though  it  may  be  many  a  hundred  lances." 

To  which  the  gallant  Captain  Landers  replied  as  follows,  on  behalf 
of  the  company,  from  which  we  make  the  following  extract : 

"General  Reynolds — In  accepting  in  the  name  of  the  Marion  County 
Infantry,  this  standard  that  the  kind  feeling  and  true  patriotism  of  the 
ladies  of  Indianapolis  have  caused  them  to  send  to  us,  citizens  of  their 


county,  to  encourage  us  in  a  new  path  of  duty  by  a  token  of  their  remem 
brance  as  unexpected  as  it  is  valued,  permit  me  in  the  first  place,  to  say 
that  to  us  this  flag  has  an  additional  value  in  being  presented  to  us  by  the 
hands  of  one  who  has  always  shown  himself  anxious  for  the  honor  of  his 
State,  proud  of  the  valor  of  our  sons,  and  ever  willing  to  devote  to  the 
welfare  of  her  citizen  soldiers  his  time,  his  talents  and  his  energies.  *  *  * 
"Now,  sir,  let  me  say  through  you  to  those  who  have  entrusted  this 
flag  to  our  charge,  that  when  our  term  of  service  shall  be  over,  whether  it 
may  be  our  fortune  to  return  as  we  now  go  forth,  with  full  and  crowded 
ranks,  or  whether  we  return  with  them  thinned  with  the  storm  of  battle ; 
whether  this  flag  that  now  waves  before  us  be  then  as  it  now  is,  gorgeous 
and  splendid  with  its  varied  blazonry,  or  dimmed  by  the  smoke  of  battle 
and  torn  by  the  hail  of  bullets,  still,  it  shall  be  returned,  and  then  I  hope 
'it  will  be  found  that  the  flag  woman's  kindness  has  prepared,  man's  cour 
age  has  not  disgraced." 


Madison  Courier,  July  10,  1847. 

For  two  weeks  past  the  wharf  of  our  city  has  from  day  to  day  been 
crowded  with  anxious  citizens  found  there  to  greet  the  arrival  of  friends 
and  relatives.  In  that  time  all  of  the  First  Regiment  have  passed  through 
our  city  on  their  way  to  their  homes  in  the  interior,  and  a  great  part  of  the 
Third  have  also  gone  home.  Their  successive  arrival  have  been  greeted 
with  the  discharge  of  loud-mouthed  cannon  and  hearty  congratulations. 
Although  their  return  in  small  parties  has  prevented  the  honor  of  a  public 
reception  to  evince  the  general  gratitude,  yet  we  trust  each  one  has  been 
highly  gratified  on  his  return. 

The  Madison  companies  seem  to  have  been  in  an  especial  m.iimer  fa 
vored  during  the  campaign.  There  was  but  one  or  two  deaths  juuou^  t!i«»m 
from  disease,  they  lost  but  one  man  in  battle,  and  yet  it  is  no\v  r^a: -rally 
believed  that  the  regiment  to  which  they  were  attached  killed  more  Mexi 
cans  at  Buena  Vista  than  any  other. 

Captain  Ford  arrived  home  on  Thursday  and  there  was  great  enthu 
siasm  evinced  by  the  crowd  on  the  wharf  to  see  him  and  take  him  by  the 

The  "Star  Spangled  Banner,"  the  steamboat  on  which  some  hundred 
and  fifty  men  of  the  Third  Indiana  were  coming  up  from  New  Orleans, 
struck  a  snag  near  Baton  Rouge  on  the  29th  ult,  and  sunk  in  a  few  min 
utes  in  deep  water.  By  this  accident  several  German  immigrants  it  is 
supposed  were  drowned,  and  some  of  the  volunteers  lost  their  baggage. 

The  remains  of  six  of  the  privates  of  the  Indiana  Volunteers  from 
Vevay,  and  those  of  Lieutenant  Eller  from  Bloomington,  were  on  board, 
arid  of  course  sank  with  the  boat. 

The  public  dinner  to  be  given  to  the  returned  volunteers  by  our  citi 
zens  will  take  place  on  AVednesday  next. 

New  Albany  Democrat,  July  10,  1847. 

We  learn  that  Colonel  Bowles  of  the  Second  Regiment  Indiana  Vol 
unteers  arrived  in  this  city  yesterday  evening  and  took  rooms  at  the  High 
Street  Hotel. 


A'eic  Albany  Democrat,  July  13,  1847. 

We  learn  from  the  Evausville  Journal  that  the  citizens  of  that  place 
gave  to  General  Lane  a  public  dinner  on  the  3d  inst.  The  mayor  welcomed 
General  Lane  to  his  home,  and  concluded  by  offering  the  following  toast: 

By  the  Chairman — "Brigadier-General  Joseph  Lane,  the  farmer,  states 
man  and  soldier ;  a  worthy  and  valuable  citizen ;  a  brave  and  successful 
general  and  an  honor  to  every  station  in  which  fortune  has  placed  him." 
To  which  the  General  responded  in  a  feeling  manner,  defending  the  charac 
ter  of  the  brave  troops  from  the  charge  made  against  them  by  letter  writers 
in  the  army.  A  large  number  of  regular  and  volunteer  toasts  were  drank 
on  the  occasion  and  the  utmost  good  feeling  seemed  to  pervade  the  as 


Indiana  Journal,  July  13,  1847. 

By  letters  received  from  Paoli  we  learn  that  the  remains  of  Captain 
Kinder  will  leave  there  today  for  this  place  under  the  escort  of  his  late 
company.  They  will  probably  reach  here  on  Saturday  next.  He  will  be 
iat  rreti  with  military  honors  on  Monday  at  10  o'clock  a.  in.  The  pro- 
u  .n"  fvremouies  will  be  given  in  due  time. 

New  Albany  Democrat,  July  15,  1847. 

The  Fourth  Regiment  Indiana  Volunteers,  under  command  of  Colonel 
Gorman,  which  left  here  two  weeks  since  on  the  steamers  Saladin,  Ben 
Franklin  No.  6  and  M.  B.  Harner,  arrived  at  New  Orleans  in  safety. 


Salern  Republican,  July  16,  1847. 

On  Thursday  morning  the  citizens  of  the  county  to  the  number  of 
about  2,000  turned  out  to  perform  the  last  sad  duties  to  the  remains  of  the 
lamented  Thomas  Carr  Parr,  who  fell  at  Buena  Vista.  Lieutenant  Parr 
was  a  brave  and  gallant  officer  and  a  worthy  and  highly  esteemed  citizen. 


Indiana  Journal,  July  16,  1847. 

The  Cass  County  Volunteers  were  received  at  Logausport  on  the  5th 
inst.  with  every  demonstration  of  respect.  An  address  was  delivered  by 
Dr.  Fitch,  a 'sumptuous  dinner  served  up  by  Captain  Vigus,  and  a  recep 
tion  ball  given  in  the  evening.  A  great  number  of  patriotic  toasts  were 


read.     Among  others  we  notice  the  following  which  does  infinite  credit  to 
the  heart  of  its  author: 

By  a  lady — "PEACE" — May  our  rulers  offer  such  terms  to  the  Mexi 
cans  as  can  be  acceded  to.  Although  war  brings  to  view  heroes  and  heroic- 
deeds  to  claim  our  admiration,  yet  my  sympathies  as  a  woman  make  me 
wish  to  see  no  more  beggared  wives  and  children. 


Brookville  American,  July  16, 

The  parade  in  honor  of  the  volunteers  who  have  returned  from  Mexico 
to  this  and  adjoining  counties,  came  off  on  last  Tuesday.  It  was  indeed  a 
proud  day  for  Brookville. 

About  nine  o'clock  the  people  began  to  flock  in  from  the  country  to 
give  a  hearty  welcome  home  to  the  brave  defenders  of  our  flag  and  our 
honor,  and  before  eleven  o'clock  the  streets  and  public  square  were  crowded 
with  ladies  and  gentlemen.  A  procession  was  formed  at  the  public  square 
by  Major  Barrow  acting  as  marshal,  and  Daniel  I).  Jones  as  assistant 
marshal,  and  marched  to  the  grove  near  Butler's  springs,  about  one  mile 
from  town,  where  the  oration  was  delivered  by  John  M.  Johnson,  Esq., 
after  which  the  assembly  was  addressed  in  short  but  appropriate  speeches 
by  Colonel  McCarty,  Mr.  Matson  and  others,  interspersed  with  music  by 
the  band. 


Madison  Courier,  July  11,  1 

Wednesday  was  a  great  day  in  Madison  ;  news  had  spread  that  a 
formal  welcome  and  dinner  were  to  be  given  to  the  returned  volunteers  who 
went  from  this  city  and  vicinity  on  that  day,  and  at  an  early  hour  the 
people  from  the  whole  country  round  seemed  to  be  forging  to  town,  men, 
women  and  children  showing  the  liveliest  enthusiasm  and  affection  cher 
ished  by  the  people  for  those  who  go  forth  to  do  battle  at  the  call  of  the 

The  companies  being  drawn  up  on  either  side  of  the  stand  and  order 
obtained,  Rev.  Mr.  G.  Green  made  a  prayer  and  then  General  Stapp  arose 
and  delivered  the  welcoming  address.  *  *  * 

The  flag  had  been  brought  back,  the  one  presented  by  the  ladies  of  this 
city  to  Captain  Sullivan's  company,  afterwards  selected  as  the  flag  of  the 
regiment,  and  borne  by  Ensign  William  F.  Stewart  of  Captain  Ford's  com 
pany.  This  flag,  with  its  crimson  stripes  faded  and  its  once  bright  stars 
dimmed  by  the  storms  of  heaven  and  the  smoke  of  battle,  bore  ample  proof 
in  its  tattered  condition,  rent  by  cannot  ball  and  chain  shot,  of  the  scene 
of  peril  through  which  it  had  passed.  The  gallant  standard-bearer  came 
in  for  a  full  share  of  the  encomiums  bestowed  upon  this  portion  of  the  un 
faltering  Third. 

Colonel  James  H.  Lane,  commander  of  the  regiment  at  Buena  Vista, 
made  the  response  on  behalf  of  the  companies. 


Madison  Courier,  July  11,  1847. 

The  volunteers  from  New  Albany,  Indiana,  who  fell  at  the  battle  of 
Buena  Vista,  were  interred  there  on  Monday  with  all  the  honors  due  to  de 
parted  worth.  The  ceremonies  were  of  the  most  imposing  nature. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  July  17,  1847. 

On  Monday  last  the  funeral  of  Captain  T.  B.  Kinder,  whose  remains 
had  been  brought  from  the  Rio  Grande,  took  place  in  this  city,  and  the 
melancholy  ceremonies  were  attended  by  a  very  large  concourse  of  citizens. 
The  escort  duty  was  performed  by  the  company  of  volunteers  from  Paoli, 
formerly  under  command  of  Captain  Kinder,  but  now  of  Captain  Spicely, 
and  the  company  of  Captain  Landrey  of  this  county  also  performed  duty 
on  this  occasion.  A  large  company  of  ladies  and  citizens  on  foot  accom 
panied  the  remains  from  the  residence  of  the  father  of  the  deceased  to  the 
State  House  Square.  Prayer  was  then  offered  by  the  Rev.  Mr.  Kava- 
naugh.  A  funeral  sermon  was  preached  by  the  Rev.  Mr.  Gillette  and  some 
very  appropriate  remarks  in  the  way  of  eulogy  upon  the  virtues  and  gen 
erous  qualities  of  the  deceased  were  made  by  the  Rev.  Mr.  Ames,  after 
which  the  funeral  train  under  the  military  escort  above  mentioned,  to 
gether  with  others  of  the  volunteer  officers  and  privates,  proceeded  to  the 
graveyard,  where  an  oration  was  pronounced  by  John  T.  Morrison,  Esq. 
The  remains  were  then  interred  with  the  customary  military  honors. 

Thus  passed  away  one  who  had  high  hopes  of  earthly  promotion  and 
fame  and  many  long  years  of  happiness.  His  memory  will  long  be  treas 
ured  by  all  who  loved  him  so  well  while  he  lived  and  who  so  sorrowfully 
lament  his  early  death. 


Albany  Democrat,  July  18,  1847. 

(In  the  accounts  of  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista,  it  is  said  that  the  last 
man  killed  in  the  American  lines  was  Captain  Taggart  of  Brown  County, 
Indiana.  When  struck  down  by  a  shot  from  the  Mexican  battery,  and 
knowing  himself  to  be  dying,  he  exclaimed,  whilst  extending  his  sword  to 
a  comrade :  "HERE,  TAKE  IT  ;  I  CAN  USE  IT  NO  MORE.  BUT  TELL  THE  BOYS 


Here,  take  my  sword,  dear  comrade, 

For  I  am  dying  now; 

But  yet  I  feel  not  death's  stern  hand 

Upon  my  pallid  brow. 

I  care  not,  though  my  heart's  rich  blood 

Is  ebbing  fast  and  free, 

If  I  but  hear  my  comrade's  shout, 

"On!    on  to  victory." 



My  sword,  my  good  old  keen-edged  blade, 

Is  red  with  foeinan's  blood; 

From  many  a  gory  wave  has  drank, 

With  honor  for  its  food. 

Oh!    bear  it  on.  to  battle  still, 

Where  justice  bids  it  fall ; 

The  arm  that  wielded  it  grows  chill — 

My  sword !    oh,  now,  farewell ! 

Hence!    ye  and  it  have  work  to  do, 

Sword,   friends,   and   comrades,   ALL  ; 

"OUR  CAUSE  is  JUST  !"  then  boldly  strike 

For  honor — live  or  fall. 

Oh,  wield  the  sword  of  Taggart  well, 

Amidst  the  thickest  fight ; 

And  think  how  oft  HE  proudly  drew 

It,  in  his  country's  right. 

I    fall,    but   oh,    "OUR    CAUSE    is    JUST!" 

I  glory  here  to  die; 

I  scorn  a  coward,  fainting  heart, 

Though  death  is  in  my  eye. 

Press   on!     brave    boys,    nor    basely    yield 

Though  serried  ranks  may  blaze ; 

Stout  hearts  will  nerve  each  arm  to  strike, 

And  paeans  of  triumph  raise. 

The  boom  of  cannons  greet  my  ear, 

The  cloud  of  battle  lowers; 

Once  more  my  pulses  wildly  spring 

Though  numbered  are  my  hours. 

Ha !    shouts  of  Victory  rend  the  air ; 

My  heart  with  death  grows  chill : 



Indiana  Journal,  July  19,  1847. 

The  New  Albany  Bulletin  announces  the  arrival  of  Colonel  Bowles  at 
that  place  on  the  llth  hist.,  in  good  health,  though  much  reduced  in  flesh 
since  his  campaign  in  Mexico.  He  proceeded  to  his  place  of  residence  in 


Indiana  Sentinel,  July  21, 

Five  companies  of  the  Fourth  Kegiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers  sailed 
from  New  Orleans  for  the  Brazos  on  the  7th  inst.  The  remainder  of  the 
regiment  were  to  sail  on  the  8th  and  9th. 


Madison  Courier,  August  21,  1847. 

Many  persons  in  this  city  and  State  will  regret  to  see  announced  in  the 
Mexican  news  the  death  of  Lieutenant  Spear  S.  Tipton,  a  gallant  officer. 

Brookville  American,  July  21,  1848. 

Several  companies  of  the  Fourth  Regiment  Indiana  Volunteers  have  ar 
rived  at  Madison  and  will  be  discharged  next  week.  Some  of  the  boys  from 
this  countv  have  arrived  at  home. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  July  21,  ISJtf. 

A  public  dinner,  and  other  services,  in  honor  of  the  returned  volun 
teers,  was  given  in  Franklin  County  on  the  13th  inst.  John  M.  Johnson, 
Esq.,  delivered  an  address  which  was  responded  to  by  Colonel  McCarty. 
G.  B.  Tingley  and  others  also  made  short  addresses.  The  Democrat  says : 

"At  the  dinner  table,  where  things  were  done  up  right,  good  humor 
seemed  to  be  the  order  of  the  day.  The  drinking  of  toasts,  the  roaring  of 
cannon  and  music  by  the  baud  all  plainly  told  it  was  a  day  of  rejoicing." 

A  smaller  celebration  was  had  in  Sullivan  County  on  the  10th,  an  ac 
count  of  which  we  have  in  the  Vincenues  Gazette.  It  was  estimated  that 
not  less  than  5,000  persons  were  present,  2,000  ladies.  The  Hon.  John  W. 
Davis  was  the  orator  of  the  day.  A  patriotic  ode,  composed  for  the  oc 
casion,  was  sung  by  its  author,  Judge  John  S.  Davis.  Responses  were 
made  to  the  oration  and  ode  by  Captain  Briggs  and  Lieutenant-Colonel 
Haddin.  The  Gazette  concludes  its  account  by  saying : 

"The  reception  given  by  the  people  of  Sullivan  was  one  worthy  of  the 
brave  soldiers  who  had  gone  forth  to  do  battle  under  the  stars  and  stripes 
and  those  who  spilled  their  life's  blood  in  the  service  of  the  country  and 
who  were  not  permitted  to  receive  the  kindly  welcome  of  kindred  and 
friends  at  home,  were  held  in  dear  remembrance  and  the  big  tear  rolled 
down  many  a  cheek  as  allusions  were  made  to  the  gallant  dfcad.  Braver 
soldiers  than  the  Sullivan  County  Guards  never  gathered  under  the  folds 
of  the  American  flag." 

A  letter  dated  Columbus,  Indiana.  June  12th,  says : 

"The  volunteers  have  all  returned  and  are  right  side  up — every  man. 
Next  Saturday  we  have  a  meeting  to  make  arrangements  for  a  dinner  for 
the  whole  Third  Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers,  to  be  given  by  the  Haw- 
patch  farmers." 

In  Shelby  County  a  festival  in  honor  of  the  volunteers  of  that  county 
will  take  place  on  Friday,  July  23d. 



Indiana  Journal,  July  21.  y  >'.)?'. 

A  letter  from  Vera  Cruz,  dated  June  2J),  says:  "Lieutenant  Merri- 
tield,  of  Captain  Ford's  company  of  Indiana  Dragoons,  this  morning  blew 
his  brains  out  with  a  pistol  at  the  camp  near  the  city.  No  one  can  tell 
what  impelled  him  to  the  foolish  deed.  lie  was  in  town  last  Monday  in 
perfectly  good  spirits  and  no  suspi:  ion  was  entertained  that  anything  was 
wrong  with  him.  He  was  temporarily  attached  to  Duperu's  command. 
The  Governor  has  ordered  him  to  be  buried  this  afternoon  at  the  camp 
without  any  military  honors  whatever." 


New  Orleans  Picayune,  July  22,  1847. 

The  steamship  yacht,  Captain  Crane,  arrived  here  yesterday  morning 
from  Galveston,  having  sailed  thence  on  the  10th.  The  most  important  in 
telligence  of  this  arrival  relates  to  the  explosion  of  one  of  the  boilers  of 
the  U.  S.  steamer  Ann  Chase,  Captain  Harrison.  The  Ann  Chase  left  this 
port  on  the  Oth  ir-st.  -with  two  companies  of  the  Fourth  Indiana  Regiment 
on  board,  under  Colonel  Gorman,  bound  for  Brazos.  As  the  facts  are  told 
in  the  Civilian,  of  the  tiring  on  the  morning  of  the  12th  inst,  between 
Calcasien  and  the  mouth  of  the  Sabine.  where  the  Ann  Chase  had  been 
some  hours  at  anchor,  one  of  her  boilers  burst.  No  one  was  killed  imme 
diately  by  the  explosion,  but  Private  Firman  V.  Carmichael  of  Company  A, 
and  James  Dolan  of  Pittsburgh,  died  during  the  day.  After  the  explosion 
Colonel  Gorman.  Captain  Wallace  and  about  forty  soldiers  wore  landed 
in  Louisiana,  intending  to  proceed  to  Galveston  by  some  other  means  of 
conveyance,  as  the  officers  doubted  the  ability  of  the  boat  to  proceed. 

The  captain,  however,  succeeded  in  repairing  the  damages  so  far  as  to 
reach  Galveston  on  the  14th.  Colonel  Gorman  .had  deemed  it  advisable 
to  land  all  the  troops  and  with  Captain  Harrison  and  a  few  of  the  men, 
went  ashore^  in  order  to  despatch  a  messenger  to  Captain  Payn,  quarter 
master  at  Galveston.  Captain  Harrison  returned  to  the  steamer  and  was 
desired  by  the  Colonel  to  send  ashore  the  remainder  of  the  troops  that 
night,  which  was  not  effected  on  account  of  the  timidity  of  some  of  the 
men  (a  heavy  sea  being  running)  and  the  mutinous  conduct  of  the  crew. 
The  next  morning  he  succeeded  in  landing  about  thirty-five,  but  the  boat 
and  crew  not  returning,  ai:d  the  sea  subsiding,  Captain  Harrison  deemed  it 
proper  to  run  for  a  port,  and  not  being  able  to  effect  a  landing  at  Sabine. 
proceeded  to  Galveston;  where  he  arrived  without  further  accident,  beating 
the  express. 

A  messenger  reached  Galveston  on  the  15th  announcing  the  arrival 
at  the  Sabine  of  the  troops  who  went  ashore.  The  schooner  Star  was  at 
once  despatched  thither  with  provisions  for  their  relief,  and  to  take  the 
men  on  to  Galveston. 

Colonel  Gorman,  Captain  Wallace  and  Mr.  Jackson,  sutler,  reached 
Galveston  by  land,  having  traveled  all  night,  and  made  the  journey  in 


twenty-four  hours.  The  march  from  where  the  men  landed  in  Louisiana 
was  a  very  hard  one,  provisions  being  very  scarce  and  the  distance  being 
twenty-three  miles  in  the  hot  sun.  Having  been  marched  in  one  instance 
without  water  the  troops  arrived  at  Sabine  much  fatigued,  but  all  well. 
One  man  only,  Solomon  Harpold.  a  private  in  Company  A,  was  left  sick 
on  the  route.  He  was  provided  with  quarters  in  a  family,  but  was  left 
in  a  good  deal  of  distress. 

On  the  same  day  that  the  Ann  Chase  arrived  Captain  Payn  despatched 
an  express  to  Colonel  Gorman,  advising  him  of  the  means  taken  by  Cap 
tain  Payn  to  relieve  and  take  on  the  troops.  The  messenger  met  Colonel 
Gorman  about  half  way  to  the  Sabiue.  The  troops  would  remain  there 
until  the  Star  arrived.  The  schooners  Star  and  Lavina  were  chartered 
at  Galveston  to  carry  the  troops  on  to  the  Brazos,  as  some  time  would  be 
required  to  repair  the  boilers  of  the  Ann  Chase. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  July  2-'f,  IS.}?'. 

The  five  remaining  companies  of  the  Fourth  Indiana  Regiment  leave 
today  for  the  Rio  Grande.  Captain  Wallace's  company  and  Captain  Alex 
ander's  company  on  the  Ann  Chase,  accompanied  by  the  Colonel ;  Captain 
Cook's,  Captain  Baldridge's  and  Captain  Lauders's  on  the  Sophia  Walker, 
in  command  of  Major  McCoy.  This  regiment  is  said  to  be  constituted  of 
the  best  men  in  Indiana.  The  pride  of  the  State  has  been  wounded  by 
recent  events.  Her  sons  have  come  forward  with  alacrity  to  assert  her 
courage  and  her  patriotism.  Success  to  them  and  their  gallant  Colonel. — 
New  Orleans  Picavune,  Julv  9th. 


Indiana  Journal,  July  26,  IS-)?. 

We  learn  from  a  letter  written  by  General  Lane  to  Colonel  Drake, 
just  shown  us  by  the  latter  gentleman,  that  General  Lane's  command  is 
constituted  of  the  following  troops:  First  Regiment  of  foot,  one  company 
of  horse  from  Illinois,  one  regiment  Indiana  foot,  five  companies  foot  from 
New  Jersey,  one  company  of  foot  and  one  company  of  horse  from  Florida 
and  five  companies  of  Texas  horse,  which  has  been  assigned  to  General 
Taylor's  division  of  the  army. 


\eic  Alb  an}/  Democrat,  July  29,  1847. 

A  barbecue  got  up  by  the  citizens  of  Lanesville  and  vicinity  in  honor 
of  that  gallant  and  brave  corps  of  soldiers,  the  Lanesville  Legion,  we  are 
told  by  a  gentleman  present  on  the  occasion,  was  one  of  the  best  ar- 


ranged  that  he  ever  had  the  fortune  of  attending,  and  one  that  did  honor 
to  those  who  had  a  hand  in  getting  it  up.  Mr.  Linn  welcomed  the  volun 
teers  in  an  appropriate  address  and  Captain  Frank  McRae  replied  in  be 
half  of  the  soldiers.  The  New  Albany  Brass  Band  enlivened  the  eornpan> 
by  their  soul-stirring  music. 

Madison  Courier,  July  31,  1847. 

COLUMBUS,  INDIANA,  July  29,  1847. 
Captain  Ford : 

SIR — Yourself  and  the  entire  company  under  your  command,  late  of 
the  United  States  service  in  Mexico,  are  respectfully  invited  to  attend  a 
barbecue  to  be  given  by  the  citizens  of  Bartholomew  County  to  the  Third 
Regiment  Indiana  Volunteers  on  Friday,  the  6th  of  August. 

Very  respectfully, 



New  Albany  Democrat,  August  3,  1847. 

The  citizens  of  Evansville,  Indiana,  propose  to  erect  a  monument,  by 
subscription,  to  Captain  William  Walker  and  those  members  of  his  com 
pany  who  fell  at  Buena  Vista.  Subscriptions  not  to  exceed  $1  each.  A 
book  containing  the  names  of  the  subscribers  and  the  muster  roll  of  Cap 
tain  Walker's  company  will  be  deposited  in  the  monument  for  preserva 


Indiana  Journal,  August  3,  1847. 

We  understand  from  the  Paoli  Telegraph,  a  loco  foco  paper,  that 
"Colonel  Bowles  is  preparing,  as  fast  as  his  health  will  permit,  a  full  and 
complete  account  of  his  own  and  the  conduct  of  General  Lane  in  the  battle 
of  Buena  Vista,  so  far  as  relates  to  the  Second  Indiana  Regiment,  which 
will  be  submitted  to  the  public  at  the  earliest  possible  moment  for  exam 
ination  and  decision." 


Indiana  Journal,  Any  list  6,  1847. 

On  the  first  page  of  this  paper  is  an  article  from  the  New  Orleans 
Delta  in  relation  to  the  prisoners  at  Encarnacion,  which  will  be  read  with 
interest.  It,  however,  contains  an  error  in  fact  in  relation  to  the  colors 
of  the  Indiana  regiments.  They  were  not  taken  by  the  Mexicans  at 
Buena  Vista,  but  were  brought  home.  Those  of  the  Second  Regiment,  rid 
dled  with  bullet  holes, '  are  now  in  possession  of  Captain  Sanderson  of 
New  Albany.  Captain  Heady  was  not  taken  between  Mier  and  Oamargo, 
but  on  the  other  side  of  Saltillo. 


Neiv  Albany  Democrat,  August  10,  1847. 

The  Galveston  Civilian  on  the  21st  of  July  says :  "The  Indiana  Vol 
unteers  have  all  left  for  the  Rio  Grande.  A  portion  were  taken  on  the 
Tom  Jack  as  it  was  found  that  the  Star  and  Lavina  could  not  accommo 
date  all  comfortably.  The  quiet  and  orderly  behavior  of  the  men  while 
here  when  off  duty  and  free  from  all  restraint  was  an  object  of  general 
remark.  If  they  sustain  the  credit  of  their  State  as  well  in  battle  as  they 
have  done  here  we  shall  hear  no  more  reproaches  cast  upon  Indiana 

Indiana  Sentinel,  August  21,  1847. 

Lieutenant  Tipton  of  Indiana  was  not  killed,  as  reported,  but  died  at 
Puebla  of  disease. 



Madison  Courier,  August  21,  1847. 

Colonel  Gorman,  with  four  companies  of  the  Indiana  Volunteers, 
passed  up  the  Rio  Grande  on  the  25th  ult.  on  the  Big  Hatchee ;  Lieuten 
ant-Colonel  E.  Dumont,  with  two  companies,  on  the  25th  on  the  Colonel 
Hunt,  and  the  remaining  four  were  on  the  Colonel  McKee,  at  the  mouth 
of  the  river,  all  bound  for  the  camp  of  instruction.  The  regiment  is 
nearly  one  thousand  strong  and  has  suffered  the  loss  of  but  four  men  since 
leaving  Indiana. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  August  25,  1847. 

EDITOR  SENTINEL — The  following  correspondence  between  the  Secre 
tary  of  War  and  the  undersigned  is  given  to  the  public  for  the  informa 
tion  of  all  concerned. 

Your   obedient  servant, 


INDIANAPOLIS,  INDIANA,  July  31.  1847. 
Hon.  Win.  L.  Marcy,  Secretary  of  War,  Washington,  D.  C. : 

SIR — Several  communications  have  been  received  by  his  Excellency, 
the  Governor  of  Indiana,  in  reference  to  the  acceptance  of  additional 
companies  from  this  State  for  the  army  operating  against  Mexico,  the 
contents  of  which  communications  I  am  directed  to  lay  before  you  and 
respectfully  solicit  a  reply  at  your  earliest  convenience. 

1.  Captain  Philip  P.  Barbour  of  New  Harmony,  in  this  State,  wishes 
to  raise  a  company  of  infantry  and  thinks  he  can  do  it  in  a  short  time 
and  desires  to  know  if  the  services  of  the  same  would  be  acceptable. 


2.  The   Cass  County   Volunteers  of   the   First  Regiment  of   Indiana 
Volunteers,  who  have  lately  returned  from  the  service  in  Mexico,  and  are 
a  fine  company,  desire  to  fill   up  their  ranks  and  return  to  the  service. 
They  are  very  solicitous  to  go  and  desire  to  know  if  the  department  will 
receive  them. 

3.  Lieutenant  Henry  R.   Seall  of  Monroe  County,  in  this  State,  who 
fought   bravely   in   Major   Gorman's   rifle   battalion   on    the   mountain   at 
Buena   Vista,   wishes  to  know  whether  a  mounted  rifle  company,   or  one 
on  foot   (to  be  raised  under  his  auspices)   will  be  accepted  and  attached 
to  the  Fourth  Regiment  lately  raised  in  this  State. 

4.  Mr.  F.  P.  Bradley  wishes  to  raise  a  company  of  dragoons  in  Da- 
viess  County,  in  this  State,  to  serve  during  the  war,  and  desires  to  know 
if  said  company  would  be  accepted.     If  so,  through  what  medium  would 
they  be  furnished  with  the  means  of  reaching  the  seat  of  war,  and   (fur 
nishing  their  own  horses)    what  would  be  the  pay  of  the  various  officers 
and  of  the  privates  and  the  compensation  for  the  horses. 

5.  Mr.  Allen  Wilson  of  Putnam  County  asks  whether  a  light  horse 
company  will  be  received  and  mustered  into  the  service  for  a  term  of  one 
year  from  the  20th  of  September  next. 

I  have  the  honor  to  be,  with  high  respect, 

Your  obedient  servant, 

Adjutant-General  of  Indiana. 

WASHINGTON,  August   11,   1847. 

General  David  Reynolds,  Adjutant-General  State  of  Indiana,  Indianapolis : 
SIR — I  have  the  honor  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  letter  of 
the  31st  ultimo,  stating  the  desire  of  a  number  of  persons  to  raise  volun 
teer  companies  for  the  war  with  Mexico  and  requesting  an  early  answer 
to  their  application.  In  reply  I  have  to  state  that  the  exigencies  of  the 
war  are  not  deemed  to  require,  at  present,  the  additional  force  offered 
from  your  State,  nor,  under  present  circumstances,  can  the  department, 
with  propriety,  encourage  those  gentlemen  to  organize  companies  with  a 
view  to  entering  the  military  service  as  it  cannot  be  foreseen  with  any 
certainty  when  they  would  be  received. 


Secretary  of  War. 


WAR  DEPARTMENT,  August  26,  1847. 

SIR — I  have  the  honor  to  transmit  herewith  a  copy  of  a  communica 
tion  addressed  to  James  H.  Lane  of  Indiana  and  to  request  the  co-opera 
tion  of  your  Excellency  in  raising  and  organizing  the  regiment  of  volun 
teers  therein  authorized  in  conformity  to  the  enclosed  regulations. 

Your  Excellency  is  also  requested  to  designate  some  convenient  point 


on  the  Ohio  as  the  place  of  rendezvous  for  the  several  companies,  and  to 
cause  to  be  appointed,  in  accordance  with  the  laws  of  your  State,  such 
of  the  officers  of  the  regiment  as  may  not  be  already  in  commission. 
I  have  the  honor  to  be  very  respectfully, 

Your  obedient  servant, 

J.  Y.  MASON, 
Acting  Secretary  of  War. 
His  Excellency,  James  Whitcoinb,  Governor  of  Indiana,  Indianapolis,  Ind. 


WAR  DEPARTMENT,  August  26,  1847. 

SIR — The  Honorable  Amos  Lane  has  submitted  to  this  department 
your  application  for  permission  to  raise  a  regiment  of  volunteers  to  be 
composed  principally  of  officers  and  men  of  the  Indiana  regiments  who 
have  recently  served  in  Mexico. 

As  the  volunteers  here  proposed  by  you  are  considered  preferable  to 
new  recruits,  the  President  has  directed  that  they  may  be  received  into 
service.  You  will  therefore  consider  yourself  authorized  to  raise  for  the 
war  a  regiment  of  volunteer  infantry,  to  be  formed  wholly  or  principally 
from  the  officers  and  men  of  your  State  who  have  been  in  service  in  Mex 
ico.  The  Governor  of  Indiana  will  be  requested  to  aid  in  raising  the  regi 
ment  in  accordance  with  the  regulations  herewith,  and  to  designate  some 
convenient  point  on  the  Ohio  as  the  place  of  rendezvous  for  the  several 
companies,  to  which  officers  of  the  proper  staff  departments  will  be  imme 
diately  ordered  with  funds  to  defray  the  necessary  expenses  which  may 
be  incurred  in  conformity  to  law. 

You  are  desired  to  be  as  prompt  as  possible  in  preparing  the  regiment 
for  service. 

Very  respectfully,  your  obedient  servant, 

(Signed)  JOHN  Y.  MASON, 

Acting  Secretary  of  War. 
Colonel  James  H.  Lane,  Lawrenceburg.  Indiana. 


BrookviUe  American,  August  28,  1847. 

The  numerous  friends  of  this  young  gentleman  will  be  gratified  to 
learn  that  he  has  received  the  appointment  of  second  lieutenant  in  Com 
pany  G,  Second  Regiment  Artillery.  Lieutenant  Burnside  is  from  Liberty, 
in  Union  County,  and  graduated  a  short  time  since  at  West  Point.  He  is 
now  ordered  to  report  himself  at  once  to  the  commanding  officer  of  his 
regiment  in  the  field  and  proceed  at  once  to  join  his  company.  So  he 
will  soon  have  an  opportunity  of  showing  his  pluck.  We  have  not  the 

*Colonel  First  Rhode  Island,  May,  1861;  Brigadier-General  Volunteers,  August,  1861;  Ma 
jor-General  Volunteers,  March,  1862;  Commander  Burnside's  Expedition,  January,  1862; 
Commander  Army  of  Potomac,  November,  1862;  Commander  Department  of  Ohio,  March, 
1863;  received  thanks  of  Congress,  January,  1864;  resigned  April,  1865;  Governor  of  Rhode 
Island,  April,  1866;  United  States  Senator,  January,  1875;  died  at  Bristol.  R.  I.,  September 
13,  1881. 


pleasure  of  the  Lieutenant's  acquaintance.  We  have  seen  him,  however. 
He  is  a  fine-looking  fellow,  and  sufficiently  black  for  any  emergency.  We 
mistake  his  character  if  he  does  not  make  a  brave,  skilful  and  efficient 
officer.  - 

We  wish  him  all  success  and  hope  we  may  live  to  see  the  day  when 
from  a  lieutenant  he  shall  receive  a  general's  commission. — Wayne  County 


Madison  Courier,  August  28,  1847. 

The  report  of  Colonel  Lane,  published  in  last  week's  paper,  estab 
lishes  the  fact  that  the  Third  Indiana  was  the  first  to  rush  in  when  the 
Kentuckians  and  Illinoisians  were  retreating  before  the  enemy  and  stop 
the  advancing  column  and  save  them  from  annihilation,  yet  neither  Tay 
lor  nor  any  other  officer  from  the  States  has  had  the  magnanimity  to  give 
them  due  credit  for  their  conduct  on  that  field. 


Whereas,  A  communication  from  the  Acting  Secretary  of  War,  dated 
on  the  27th  day  of  the  present  month,  has  this  day  been  received,  enclos 
ing  a  copy  of  a  letter  of  the  same  date,  from  the  War  Department  to 
Colonel  James  II.  Lane  of  Lawrenceburg,  authorizing  him  to  raise  for 
the  war  a  regiment  of  volunteer  infantry,  to  be  formed  wholly  or  princi 
pally  from  the  officers  and  men  of  this  State  who  have  been  in  service  in 
Mexico ;  and, 

Whereas,  The  undersigned  is  by  said  communication  requested  to  co 
operate  in  raising  and  organizing  the  said  regiment  in  conformity  with 
certain  regulations  therein  enclosed,  and  which  are  embraced  in  the  sub 
joined  general  order,  and  to  cause  to  be  appointed  in  accordance  with  the 
laws  of  the  State  such  of  the  officers  of  the  regiment  as  may  not  be  al 
ready  in  commission. 

Now,  therefore,  I,  James  Whitcomb,  Governor  of  the  State  of  Indi 
ana,  in  behalf  of  our  common  country,  do  hereby  invite  the  patriotic  offi 
cers  and  men  above  indicated,  and  such  other  citizens  as  may  be  found 
necessary  to  complete  their  numbers  to  proceed  forthwith  and  organize 
themselves  into  volunteer  companies  with  all  possible  despatch  to  serve 
during  the  war,  unless  sooner  discharged,  and  to  report  the  fact  of  such, 
their  organization,  with  the  least  practicable  delay  to  the  Adjutant-Gen 
eral  of  the  State  at  this  place.  And  in  conformity  with  the  request  of  the 
Acting  Secretary  of  War,  that  a  place  of  rendezvous  be  appointed  on  the 
Ohio  River  for  the  several  companies  as  fast  as  they  shall  be  organized, 
a  suitable  and  convenient  place  will  be  designated  in  ample  time  for  that 

In  testimony  whereof  I  have  hereunto  set  my  hand  and  caused  the 


seal  of  the  State  to  be  affixed.  Done  at  Indianapolis  the  31st  day  of 
August,  A.  D.  1847,  the  thirty-second  year  of  the  State,  and  of  the  Inde 
pendence  of  the  United  States  the  seventy-second. 

By  the  Governor.  JAMES  WHITCOMB. 

(S.  S.) 
JOHN  H.  THOMPSON,  Secretary  of  State. 



INDIANAPOLIS,  August  31,  1847. 
General  Order  No.  14. 

Authority  having  been  given  by  the  War  Department  to  Colonel  James 
H.  Lane  to  raise  the  regiment  of  volunteers  mentioned  in  the  proclamation 
of  the  Governor  of  this  date,  and  the  co-operation  of  the  Governor  in  the 
premises  having  been  requested  by  the  Acting  Secretary  of  War,  and  after 
full  consultation  had  with  Colonel  Lane  for  the  purpose  of  better  carrying 
out  the  views  and  requirements  of  the  Department  in  relation  to  the 
matter,  the  following  regulations  are  hereby  made  known  for  the  informa 
tion  and  government  of  such  as  may  desire  to  become  volunteers  in  the 
said  regiment,  which  will  obviate  the  necessity  of  correspondence  upon 
the  points  therein  embraced. 

I.  As  the  company  only  have  the  right,  under  the  laws  of  the  State, 
to  elect  their  captain  as  well  as  other  commissioned  officers,   no  person 
need  to  wait  for  a  more  special  authority  to  raise  a  company.     Should 
any  one  raise  a  company  in  the  hope  of  being  its  future  commandant,  his 
success  will  probably  be  considered  by  them  as  sufficient  evidence  of  his 
standing  and  fitness  for  the  station.     Still,  the  question  must  be  left  to 
the  choice  of  the  company. 

II.  Each  company  will  consist  of  1  captain,  1  first  lieutenant,  1  sec 
ond  lieutenant,  1  additional  second  lieutenant,  4  sergeants,  4  corporals,  2 
musicians  and  80  privates — total,  94. 

III.  The  regiment  will   consist  of   1   colonel,    1   lieutenant-colonel,    1 
major,  1  adjutant  (who  will  be  a  lieutenant  in  one  of  the  companies,  but 
not  in  addition),  1  sergeant-major,   1  quartermaster-sergeant,  2  principal 
musicians  and  10  companies. 

IV.  The  Secretary  of  War  writes :     "As  all  the  field  and  company 
officers  with  volunteers  taken  into  the  service  of  the  United  States,  under 
the  act  of  13th  May,   1846,  must  be  appointed  and  commissioned  in  ac 
cordance  with  the  laws  of  the  States  from  whence  they  are  taken,  I  beg 
to  suggest  the  extreme  importance  to  the  public  service  that  the  officers 
for  the  additional  force  here  requested  be  judiciously  selected." 

Enjoining,  therefore,  the  necessary  circumspection  of  all  who  are  vested 
with  the  appointing  power  by  the  laws  of  the  State,  it  will  be  borne  in 
mind  that  in  accordance  with  those  laws,  the  officers  above  enumerated 
are  to  be  appointed  and  commissioned  as  follows : 

The  commissioned  officers  of  each  company  are  to  be  selected  after  the 
company  is  full,  by  a  majority  of  the  members  present,  at  the  time  and 


place  agreed  upon  by  a  majority  of  the  company;  the  result  of  the  elec 
tions  to  be  certified  by  three  judges  of  the  election  and  attested  by  the 
clerk  thereof,  who  are  all  to  be  elected  by  a  majority  of  the  members 
present  for  that  purpose,  and  the  judges  are  to  sworn  by  the  clerk,  Or  in 
his  absence  by  one  of  their  own  number,  before  going  into  the  election  of 
the  military  officers.  The  certificate  is  to  be  forwarded  to  the  Adjutant- 
general  of  the  State  in  order  that  the  Governor  may  issue  the  commis 
sions  without  delay. 

The  elections  may  be  held  as  soon  as  the  company  is  full,  without 
waiting  ten  days,  provided  the  time  and  place  be  agreed  upon  by  a  ma 
jority  of  the  company,  and  all  the  members  have  due  notice  thereof. 

Non-commissioned  officers  of  the  company  are  to  be  nominated  by  the 
members  and  appointed  by  the  captain  thereof. 

V.  The  commissioned  officers  of  the  regiment  will  be  elected  after  the 
same  is  full  by  the  officers  and  men  thereof,  in  conformity  with  the  laws 
of  the  State,  the  requirements  of  which  and  all  other  necessary  particu 
lars  will  in  due  time  be  communicated  through  the  medium  now  adopted. 

VI.  The  regimental  staff  above  named  will  be  appointed  by  the  colo 
nel.     Principal  and  nssistant  surgeons,  quartermasters,   commissaries  and 
paymasters  are  appointed  when  needed  only  by  the  President. 

VII.  The  different  companies  as  they  reach  the  place  of  rendezvous 
will  then  be  inspected  and  mustered  into  service  by  one  or  more  officers 
of  the  United  States  Army,  "who    (in  the  language  of  the  Secretary  of 
War)   will  in  every  case  be  instructed  to  receive  no  man  who  is  in  years 
apparently  over  forty-live  or  under  eighteen,  or  who  is  not  of  physical 
strength  and  vigor.     To  this  end  the  inspector  will  be  accompanied  by  a 
medical  officer  of  the  army,  and  the  volunteers  will  be  submitted  to  his 

VIII.  Volunteers  will  furnish  their  own  clothing,  for  which  purpose 
the   law   allows   to    each    non-commissioned    officer,    musician    and   private 
three  dollars  and  fifty  cents  per  month  during  the  time  he  is  in  the  serv 
ice  of  the  United  States.     To  enable  the  volunteers  to  provide  themselves 
with  good  and  sufficient  clothing  the  clothing  pay  for  six  months  (twenty- 
one  dollars)    will  be  advanced  to  each  non-commissioned  officer,   musician 
and  private  after  being  mustered  into  service,  "but  only  with  the  express 
condition,"   as   communicated  by  the   Secretary,    "that   the  volunteer   has 
already  furnished  himself  with  six  months'  clothing,  the  fact  to  be  certi 
fied  to  the  paymaster  by  the  captain  of  the  company;    or  that  the  amount 
thus  advanced  shall  be  applied  under  the  supervision  of  his  captain  to  the 
object  contemplated  by  law.     In  this  latter  case  the  advanced  commuta 
tion  for  clothing  will  be  paid  on  the  captain's  certificate  that  he  is  satis 
fied  that  it  will  be  so  applied." 

IX.  The  volunteers  on  their  arrival  at  the  place  of  rendezvous  and 
thenceforward  will  be  furnished  with  quarters,  camp  equipage,  fuel,  cook 
ing  utensils  and  subsistence  by  the  United  States. 

The  less  baggage  of  any  kind  (except  suitable  clothing)  that  can  be 
taken  from  home  to  the  pla'ce  of  rendezvous  the  better  for  the  soldier,  as 
the  United  States  will  furnish  all  necessary  articles  of  the  kind  at  that 
point,  and  those  taken  (at  least  if  not  of  the  proper  description)  will  not 


be  p"aid  for  by  the  United  States.     As  in  that  case  they  will  be  cast  aside, 
they  will  be  a  useless  expense. 

X.  Arms,  accoutrements  and  ammunition   will   also  be   furnished  to 
the  several  companies  by  the  United  States. 

XI.  Besides  the  monthly  pay  in  cash  each  non-commissioned  officer, 
musician  and  private  who  may  serve  during  the  present  war,  or  who  shall 
have  been  discharged  before  the  expiration  of  his  time  of  service,  in  con 
sequence  of  wounds  received  or  sickness  incurred  in  the  cause   of  such 
service,  will  be  entitled  to  a  bounty  of  160  acres  of  land,  to  be  located  by 
the  volunteer  or  by  his  heirs,  at  any  land  office  of  the  United  States  he 
or  they  may  choose,  or  instead  of  the  land  he  may,  if  he  desires  it,  re 
ceive  a  treasury  scrip  for  one  hundred  dollars,  bearing  an  interest  of  six 
per  cent,  per  annum,  payable  half  yearly. 

XII.  In  respect  to  subsistence  before  arriving  at  the  place  of  ren 
dezvous  and  for  traveling  home  from  the  place  of  discharge  the  allow 
ance   is   fifty  cents  for  every  twenty  miles  distance,   to   be  paid   by  the 
United  States,  but  not  until  after  the  volunteer  is  received  into  the  service. 

XIII.  The   proper   officers   of    the    Staff   Department   of   the   United 
States  will  be  immediately  sent  to  the  place  of  rendezvous  with  funds  to 
defray  the  necessary  expenses  which  may  be  incurred,  agreeably  to  law. 

XIV.  Each  volunteer,  except  commissioned  officers,  will  receive  from 
the  United   States,   besides  his  clothing  pay,   an   allowance   for  traveling 
from  his  home  to  that  place.     As  this  is  50  cents  for  every  twenty  miles, 
it  will  be  more  than  sufficient  to  defray  the  expenses  in  traveling  there. 

If  the  officers  of  a  company,  or  any  citizens,  could  advance  the  sum 
necessary  to  get  the  men  to  the  place  of  rendezvous  it  might  be  done 
without  the  slightest  risk  or  loss  by  the  men  signing  an  order  to  the  pay 
master  to  retain  from  their  pay  the  amount  advanced,  and  pay  the  same 
over  to  tliope  who  had  advanced  it.  This  course  was  pursued  last  year 
by  many  of  the  companies  without  the  slightest  loss  or  difficulty,  and 
thereby  much  delay  was  avoided. 

XV.  In  relation  to  clothing:  a  dress  or  parade  uniform  is  never  re 
quired  in  actual  service,  and  doubtless  would  not  be  used  by  either  officer 
or  private  of  the  present  regiment  during  their  term,   even  if  procured. 
To  purchase  such  would  therefore  be  a  useless  expense.     A  service  uni 
form  only  is  necessary.     It  is  recommended  that   for  neatness  and  com 
fort  it  consist  as  in  regular  service,  of  a  blue  cloth  roundabout  and  panta 
loons  without  stripes  or  straps,  the  roundabout  to  be  double-breasted,  with 
a  double  row  of  white  metal  buttons,  eagle  stamped,  and  made  to  button 
close  around  the  throat.    The  commissioned  officers  are  to  wear  blue  cloth 
frock    coats,  with  a  single    row    of   buttons,    and   pantaloons    with    white 
worsted  stripes  I1/-;  inches  wide  down  the  sides.     The  sergeants  and  cor 
porals  are  to  be  dressed  as  privates,  except  that  sergeants  will  wear  white 
worsted  epaulets  on  each  shoulder,  and  white  worsted  stripes  down  the 
sides   of   their   pants ;     and   corporals   will    wear   white   worsted   epaulets 
without  the  stripes.     The  orderly  sergeant  will  be  distinguished  by  a  red 
worsted  sash  on  duty. 

XVI.  No  more  will  be  needed  for  each  man  than  one  uniform  suit, 
two  pairs  of  stout  shoes  with  broad  and  thick  soles,  a  forage  cap,  two 


cotton  shirts,  two  flannel  shirts,  two  pairs  of  drawers,  four  pairs  of  stock 
ings  and  one  good  blanket.  All  these  articles  can  doubtless  be  procured  in 
any  desirable  quantity,  and  made  to  order  on  reasonable  terms,  at  or  near 
the  place  of  rendezvous,  where,  as  has  already  been  remarked,  the  funds 
will  be  furnished  by  the  United  States  to  enable  the  volunteers  to  procure 

XVII.  As  the  authority  to  raise  the  regiment  is  by  the  Department 
given  to  Colonel  Lane,  no  company  will  regard  itself  as  accepted  until  a 
written  communication  from  him  to  that  effect  is  received  by  a  member 
of  the  company.     All  applications  on  the  subject  should  be  addressed  to 
Colonel  James  H.  Lane  at  Indianapolis.     And  as  it  is  required  by  the  War 
Department  that  the  regiment  shall  be  "formed  wholly  or  principally  from 
the  officers  and  men  who  have  been  in  service  in  Mexico,"  the  following 
rules  become  necessary  for  carrying  out  that  object: 

1.  The  invitation  is  extended  to  all  of  the  requisite  age  and  vigor, 
whether  they  have  been  in  service  or  not,  for  the  purpose  of  filling  up  de 
ficient  numbers  if  necessary.     But, 

2.  Should  any  who  have  been  in  service  from  this  State  in  Mexico 
apply  to  be  received  into  any  company  after  it  is  full,  without  regard  to 
where  their   residence  may  have  been  in  the   State,   they  will   have  the 
preference,  and  for  that  purpose  an  equal  number  of  fresh  recruits  who 
have  not  been   in  service  and  who  were  last  received  on  the  company's 
list,  will  give  place  to  them.     New  recruits  will  not  be  disturbed  unless 
applications  on  the  part  of  volunteers  who  have  been  in  service  are  made, 
and  then  only  to  the  extent  of  such  applications. 

3.  After  the  companies   are   reported  to  Colonel   Lane  he  will   still 
give  the  preference  by   accepting  in  order  such   companies   as  have  the 
largest  number  of  volunteers  who  have  already   seen   service  in  Mexico 
until  the  ten  companies  composing  the  regiment  are  completed. 

4.  As  there  are  thirty  companies  of  returned  volunteers  in  the  State, 
and  it  is  not  probable  that  any  one  of  those  companies  will  or  can  be 
collected  and  offered  entire  and  complete,  and  as  but  ten  companies  are 
now  wanted,  the  propriety  is  suggested  of  different  fractions  of  returned 
companies  joining  together  under  the  present  requisition  for  the  purpose 
of  making  whole  companies. 

XVIII.  To  avoid  all  error  or  mistake  the  offer  of  a  company  to  Colo 
nel  Lane  for  acceptance  must  be  accompanied  with  a  complete  list  or  ros 
ter  of  the  names  of  all  the  members  of  the  company,  stating  against  each 
name  whether  the  member  is  a  new  recruit  or  a  returned  volunteer. 

XIX.  The  commissions   will  be  issued  after  the  company  to  which 
they  belong  is  accepted,  and  of  course  not  until  Colonel  Lane  reports  it 
to  the  undersigned  as  by  him  accepted. 

XX. .  No  company,  therefore,  will  march  to  the  place  of  rendezvous 
until  directed  by  Colonel  Lane,  which  will  be  done  in  all  cases  by  letter. 

XXI.  The  Commander  in  Chief  will  repair  to  the  place  of  rendezvous 
when  the  regiment  is  concentrated  there  to  aid  in  the  final  organization 
and  generally  of  consulting  the  comfort  and  welfare  of  the  troops. 

XXII.  When  it  is  considered  that  at  this  late  season  of  the  year 
there  is  much  less  demand  for  employment  here  and  a  far  greater  security 


for  health  and  comfort  in  a  southern  climate,  and  that  the  inducements 
by  reason  of  land  bounty,  etc.,  are  far  greater  for  volunteers  now  than 
when  they  were  called  upon  last  year,  the  hope  is  confidently  indulged 
that  the  regiment  will  soon  be  seen  on  its  way  to  the  seat  of  war,  there 
to  nobly  distinguish  itself  in  vindicating  the  rights  and -in  sustaining  the 
honor  of  the  country. 

By  order  of  the  Governor  and  Commander  in  Chief. 

Adjutant-General  Indiana  Militia. 

To  the  Returned  Volunteers  and  Citizens  of  Indiana : 

It  will  be  seen  by  the  proclamation  of  his  Excellency.  Governor  Whit- 
comb,  that  I  am  authorized  to  raise  a  regiment  of  volunteer  infantry,  in 
which  the  Governor  will  co-operate. 

In  the  organization  my  object  will  be  to  carry  out  to  the  letter  the 
wishes  and  instructions  of  the  Secretary  of  War  and  the  Governor.  Every 
effort  will  be  used  to  form  a  corps  that  will  be  creditable  to  the  State  and 
service.  To  this  end  it  is  deemed  advisable  to  secure  as  many  of  the  re 
turned  volunteers  as  possible,  and  I  fondly  hope  that  the  officers  and  men 
of  the  old  brigade  will  at  once  be  found  rallying  to  the  standard  of  their 
country,  with  the  expectation  that  one  more  campaign  in  Mexico  will  se 
cure  an  honorable  peace,  and  place  Indiana  where  she  deserves  to  stand, 
the  first  among  the  first. 

J.  H.  LANE, 

Indianapolis,  August  31.  1847. 

P.  S. — For  the  present  all  correspondents  will  please  address  me  at 
this  place.  J.  H.  L. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  September  .'(,  IS.'/J. 

With  reference  to  the  new  call  for  troops  the  Union  of  the  28th  has 
the  following : 

"The  five  regiments  now  called  for  are  to  be  drawn  from  the  follow 
ing  States :  Two  regiments  from  Kentucky,  two  from  Tennessee,  one  from 
Indiana.  The  Indiana  regiment  is  to  rendezvous  at  such  convenient  point 
on  the  river  as  the  Governor  of  the  State  may  designate." 


Indiana  Sentinel,  September  4,  1847. 

We  have  been  favored  with  the  perusal  of  a  letter  from  Mr.  John 
McCoy,  formerly  of  Funkstown.  dated  Brazos  Island,  July  18,  from  which 
we  make  the  following  extract  concerning  one  of  our  Hagerstown  boys : 

"Mr.  Isaiah  Aniba  is  in  the  same  company  with  myself.  A  few  days 
since,  while  standing  as  guard  at  an  outpost  about  200  yards  from  the 
guardhouse,  he  was  attacked  by  four  Mexicans,  armed  with  swords  and 


pistols.  One  of  them  no  shot,  one  he  dispatched  with  his  bayonet,  another 
he  took  prisoner  and  the  fourth  took  to  his  heels.  In  the  melee  he  re 
ceived  a  pistol  ball  in  his  right  leg,  the  ball  lodging  against  the  bone.  The 
ball  has  been  extracted  and  he  is  now  well  and  doing  duty.  For  this  gal 
lant  act  of  bravery  he  has  been  very  justly  promoted  from  the  ranks  to  a 
second  sergeant." 


Madison  Courier,  September  4,  1847. 

The  martial  fever  is  again  stirred  in  our  city.  Captain  Ford,  Lieuten 
ants  Hull,  Cowden  and  Lord,  all  of  the  Third  Regiment,  are  all  anxious 
to  enter  the  service  again.  Lieutenant  Hull  has  already  issued  a  call  for 
a  company.  Now  is  the  time  for  the  enterprising  young  man  to  enter  on 
a  glorious  and  exciting  career,  a  career  of  some  peril,  it  is  true,  and  some 
hardship  and  poor  pay  so  far  as  the  military  service  is  concerned,  but  also 
of  bold  adventure,  grand  and  thrilling  incidents  and  promising  a  golden 
reward  in  the  future. 


Indiana  Journal,  September  7,  1847. 

We  understand  that  Governor  Whitcomb  received  by  yesterday's  mail 
a  requisition  for  another  regiment  of  volunteers  from  this  State.  It  would 
appear  from  this  that  the  President  has  not  much  hopes  of  either  pur 
chasing  or  conquering  a  peace  very  soon.  The  end  is  not  yet. 


Indiana  Journal,  September  7,  1847. 

We  are  informed  that  Major  A.  F.  Morrison  has  received  orders  to  do 
duty  as  commissary  with  the  new  regiment  (the  Fifth)  now  organizing 
for  Mexico  under  Colonel  Lane  and  to  accompany  them  to  Vera  Cruz. 
These  orders  to  Major  Morrison  settled  the  guess  as  to  the  destination  of 
this  regiment  and  rendered  it  certain  that  it  will  join  General  Scott  in 
stead  of  being  quartered  in  garrison  on  the  Rio  Grande. 



INDIANAPOLIS,  September  8,  1847. 
General  Orders  No.  15. 

I.  To  remove  all  doubt  and  uncertainty  as  to  the  ultimate  acceptance 
of  any  company  which  shall  have  been  reported  to  Colonel  Lane  for  service 
in  the  Fifth  Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers  under  the  authority  of  the 
War  Department  of  the  26th  ultimo,  and  to  stimulate  and  encourage  the 
raising  of  companies  with  all  practicable  despatch,  the  following  explana- 


tion  or  modification  of  Article  XVII  in  the  last  General  Order  is.  on  con 
sultation  with  Colonel  Lane,  hereby  promulgated,  viz. : 

II.  Any  company  reported  to  Colonel  Lane  as  full  and  accompanied 
by  a  roster  or  a  list  of  the  names  of  the  members,  showing  that  a  bare 
majority  of  them  have  been  in  service  in  Mexico  from   Indiana   will   be 
at  once  accepted  into  the  said  regiment  without  any  fear  of  being  after 
wards  excluded  on  account  of  any  other  company. 

III.  Should  it  happen  that  ten  companies,  each  containing  a  majority 
of  returned  volunteers,  are  not  reported  in  time,  the  deficiency  will  be  sup 
plied   by   accepting   the   requisite   number   of   such    full    companies    which 
shall  have  been  reported  as  may  not  have  a  majority  of  returned  volun 
teers,  and  these  last,  in  such  contingency,  will  be  accepted  in  the  order 
of  time  in  which  they  were  reported. 

IV.  Any  returned  volunteer  of  the  State,  without  regard  to  his  resi 
dence  therein,  will  have  the  preference  to  be  received  into  any  company, 
and  if  he  applies  for  that  purpose  after  the  company  is  full  the  last  re 
cruit  on  the  company's  list  who  has  not  been  in  service  in  Mexico  will 
give  place  to  him.     The  same  rule  will  be  observed  if  any  large  number 
of  returned  volunteers  apply  for  admission  into  a  company,  but  no  fresh 
recruit  will  be  required  to  leave  the  company  after  it  commences  its  march 
for  the  place  of  rendezvous. 

V.  After  a  company  has  been  reported  as  not  having  a  majority  of 
returned  volunteers  it  will  still  be  allowable,  if  afterwards  enabled  to  do 
so,  to  forward  a   subsequent   report  that  a   majority  of  returned   volun 
teers  has  been  secured  in  the  company,   in  which  case  it  will   receive  a 
prompt  and  unalterable  acceptance  into  the  regiment,  provided  ten  com 
panies,  each  having  a  majority  of  returned  volunteers,  shall  not  already 
have  been  accepted. 

The  importance,  therefore,  of  reporting  companies  at  the  earliest 
practicable  period  in  all  cases  is  manifest.  By  these  regulations  it  is  be 
lieved  that  the  best  mode  is  adopted  of  carrying  out  the  intentions  of  the 
War  Department  that  the  Fifth  Regiment  be  formed  "wholly  or  princi 
pally"  of  returned  volunteers,  and  at  the  same  time  that  the  regiment  be 
raised  with  all  practicable  despatch.  It  will  also  give  an  opportunity  to 
those  invited  in  every  part  of  the  State  to  rally  to  the  standard  of  their 

VI.  In  conformity  with  the  request  of  the  War  Department  that  a 
place  of  rendezvous  be  appointed  on  the  Ohio  River  for  the  several  com 
panies  as  fast  as  they  shall  be  accepted,  Madison  is  hereby  designated  for 
that  purpose. 

By  order  of  the  Governor  and  Commander  in  Chief. 

Adjutant-General  Indiana  Militia. 

Ifaflison  Courier,  September  11,  1847. 

We   are  informed  that  the   Governor   has  directed  the  new   Indiana 
regiment  to  rendezvous  at  this  place. 



New  Albany  Democrat,  September  23,  1847. 


August  22,  1847. 

To  the  Editor  of  the  New  Albany  Democrat — The  movements  of  the 
four  Indiana  regiments,  together  with  the  operations  of  the  forces  now 
under  command  of  Generals  Taylor  and  Scott  in  forcing  the  Mexican  Gov 
ernment  to  treat  on  fair  terms,  or  in  compelling  Santa  Anna  to  retreat  on 
any  terms,  must  now,  as  the  elections  are  over,  become  the  absorbing  sub 
jects  of  interest  with  the  sovereign  press  and  no  less  the  sovereign  people. 

Brigadier-General  Lane,  familiary  known  in  camp  as  "Rough  and 
Ready  No.  2,"  has  this  morning  returned  from  General  Taylor's  head 
quarters  and  brings  orders  for  the  following  regiments  to  proceed  in  the 
order  here  stated,  and  with  the  least  possible  delay,  to  Vera  Cruz.  In 
pursuance  of  this  order  tomorrow  morning  we  "pull  up  stakes"  or,  in  mili 
tary  parlance,  strike  tents,  retrace  our  steps  to  the  Rio  Grande,  and  pro 
ceed  at  once  by  sea  to  Vera  Cruz  to  swell  the  ranks  of  General  Scott.  The 
brigade  of  General  Lane,  will  consist  of  the  Fourth  Indiana,  Colonel  W.  A. 
Corwin ;  one  Ohio  regiment,  Colonel  Brough ;  one  regiment  Illinois  Volun 
teers  en  route  now  to  Vera  Cruz,  with  the  Texas  Rangers,  under  the  cele 
brated  Jack  Hays.  The  other  division  for  Vera  Cruz  will  be  under  the 
order  of  Brigadier-General  dishing  and  will  consist  of  the  Thirteenth 
Alabama,  one  regiment  of  Massachusetts  Infantry  and  Brise's  Battery,  to 
gether  with  a  smart  sprinkling  of  "Grape  and  Canister." 

There  will  then  remain  to  protect  the  government  stores  on  the  Rio 
Grande  line  of  operations,  as  well  as  to  occupy  the  different  posts  on  that 
line,  the  Sixteenth  Infantry  under  Colonel  Tibbats,  and  the  Tenth  under 
Colonel  Temple,  and  the  force  at  Monterey  now  under  the  immediate  orders 
of  General  Taylor.  This  renaming  force  is  deemed  sufficient  for  the  Rio 
Grande  district,  as  no  hostile  movement  is  expected,  or  can  indeed  be  made 
by  the  Mexicans  in  this  quarter.— Reporter. 

Madison  Courier,  September  25,  J.sV/7. 

Jefferson  and  Jennings  counties  have  united  in  forming  a  company  for 
the  Fifth  Regiment  to  be  designated  by  the  name  of  "Indiana  Guards." 
The  election  for  officers  resulted  in  the  choice  of  the  following  gentlemen  : 
Horace  Hull  of  Madison,  Captain  ;  D.  C.  Rich  of  Vernou,  First  Lieutenant  ; 
John  M.  Lord  of  Madison,  Second  Lieutenant,  and  John  M.  Lattirnore  of 
Vernon  (additional),  Second  Lieutenant. 

Madison  Courier,  September  25, 

Mr.  Nickolas  Scliram,  a  German  who  served  honorably  in  Captain  Sul 
livan's  company  of  volunteers  through  last  year's  campaign,  died  in  this 
city  on  Tuesday  last  and  was  buried  with  military  honors  by  his  late  com 
rades  in  arms  who  live  here.  He  came  home  from  New  Orleans  a  few 
days  prior  to  hjs  death,  and  contracted  the  disease  of  which  he  died  on  the 
voyage  up  ;  some  supposed  it  yellow  fever. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  September  25,  1847. 

At  G:l«3  a.  in.  September  23d,  the  tenth  and  last  company  of  the  above- 
named  regiment  was  reported  and  accepted.  The  following  are  the  com 
panies,  commandants,  and  places  where  organized : 

1.  Wayne  Guards — Captain  D.  W.  Lewis,  Fort  Wayne. 

2.  Indiana  Guards — Captain  H.  Hull.  Madison. 

3.  Rough  and  Ready  Guards — Captain  George  Green,  Jeffersonville. 

4.  Covington  Guards — Captain  R.  M.  Evans,  Covington. 

5.  Montgomery  Boys — Captain  Allen  May,  Crawfordsville. 

6.  Shelbyville  Hards— Captain  S.  McKinzey,  Shelbyville. 

7.  Hancock  B'hoys — Captain  James  R.  Bracken,  Greenfield. 

8.  Center  Guards — Captain  John  McDougall.  Indianapolis. 

9.  Grabbers  No.  2 — Captain  A.  C.  Gibbs,  Lawrenceburg. 
10.     Washington  Guards— Captain  K.  G.  Carey,  Marion. 

This  regiment  has  been  raised,  reported  and  accepted  in  about  nine 
teen  days,  less  than  three  weeks  from  the  issue  of  the  Governor's  procla 
mation  and  the  first  general  order  of  the  Adjutant-General.  Two  more 
companies,  it  is  expected,  will  be  added  to  the  regiment  by  permission, 
which  has  been  asked  by  Colonel  Lane. 

Indiana  Sentinel,  September  25,  1847. 

Mr.  J.  T.  Bosworth,  late  of  this  office  and  now  one  of  the  proprietors 
of  the  New  Albany  Democrat,  has  enlisted  for  the  war  and  been  chosen 
orderly  sergeant  of  the  corps  to  which  he  was  attached.  We  vouch  for 
him  in  every  respect. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  September  30,  1847. 

The  headquarters  of  the  Fifth  Regiment  Indiana  Volunteers  is  now 
established  at  Madison.  Colonel  Lane  and  Adjutant-General  Reynolds  are 
now  at  that  city  making  preparations  for  receiving  the  companies  as  they 
may  arrive.  From  the  known  energy  and  business  qualifications  of  these 
gentlemen,  and  also  of  Major  Morrison,  who  has  received  orders  to  sub 
sist  the  regiment,  we  cannot  doubt  that  everything  will  be  satisfactorily  ar 
ranged.  As  soon  as  the  companies  all  arrive  at  the  rendezvous  they  will 
be  mustered  into  service  by  Colonel  Churchill,  whose  headquarters  are  at 

Colonel  Lane  has  asked  permission  from  the  War  Department  to  ac 
cept  the  services  of  two  extra  companies  to  act  as  "flanking  companies"  to 
the  regiment.  It  is  probable  that  he  will  receive  this  permission,  and  in 
that  event,  the  Sanderson  Guards  of  this  city,  which  was  the  eleventh  com 
pany  reported,  will  be  accepted.  The  twelfth  company  is  from  Warrick 
County,  Captain  Frisbie.  Fourteen  companies  had  been  reported  at  In 
dianapolis  on  Saturday  last  and  several  others  were  reported  as  in  progress 
of  formation. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  October  2.  1847. 

The  Center  Guards,  under  Captain  McDougall,  left  this  city  on  the 
cars  for  Madison,  the  place  of  rendezvous  for  the  Fifth  Regiment,  Tues 
day  morning  last.  This  is  a  fine  company  of  brave  young  men  and  we  are 
proud  to  say  that  this  is  the  third  company  raised  in  Indianapolis  during 
the  war  with  Mexico. 

On  Wednesday  afternoon  the  Hancock  B'hoys,  commanded  by  Captain 
Bracken,  passed  through  this  city  on  their  way  to  the  railroad  to  join  their 
regiment.  This  company  is  composed  of  the  real  bone  and  sinew  of  the 
country,  and  look  as  if  they  would  do  good  service  should  opportunity 
offer.  They  made  a  handsome  appearance  as  the  grand  cavalcade  of 
wagons  passed  through  our  streets.  The  good  people  of  Hancock  have  dis 
played  the  right  spirit  in  giving  transportation  to  the  B'hoys  to  the  depot. 
Our  best  wishes  go  with  each  of  these  companies. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  October  2,  1847. 

Our  old  friend  John  H.  Young  has  been  appointed  quartermaster,  with 
the  rank  of  captain,  in  the  new  regiment,  the  Fifth  Indiaila  Volunteers. 
John  was  a  good  fellow  in  his  and  our  schoolboy  days.  He  was  a  good 
soldier  and  no  doubt  will  make  a  good  officer. 


Madison  Courier,  October  2,  1847. 

The  following  appears  in  the  Louisville  Courier  of  the  28th  ult. : 
"We  have  been  kindly  favored  by  a  friend,  by  a  sight  of  a  letter  from  an 
officer  in  this  regiment." 

AT  MOUTH  OF  Rio  GRANDE,  September  3,  1847. 

(The  whole  regiment  at  that  time  had  arrived  there  on  their  way  to 
Vera  Cruz,  and  the  following  extract  shows  that  an  unpleasant  difficulty 
exists  in  the  regiment.) 

"There  is  at  present  considerable  excitement  in  camp  concerning  the 
muster  roll.  It  is  required  that  when  a  soldier  receives  his  pay  he  af 
fixes  his  name  to  a  muster  roll  which  declares  that  he  volunteered  for 
'during  the  war,'  without  reference  to  one,  five  or  any  other  number  of 
years.  This  regiment  declares  and  swears  that  it  entered  the  service  under 
no  such  conditions  and  therefore  will  not  subscribe  to  it.  On  the  other 
hand  the  Fay  Department  declares  that  unless  they  do  subscribe  their 
names  to  such  a  muster  roll  they  shall  draw  no  pay.  The  answer  of  the 
volunteers  is  'Go  to  hell  with  your  pay.'  *  *  * 

"There  are  about  one  hundred  and  fifty  of  this  regiment  unfit  for 

We  have  seen  the  account  of  the  debarkation  of  the  troops  from  the 
mouth  of  the  Brazos  which  makes  no  mention  of  any  such  difficulty  as  that 
mentioned  above.  We  think  it  very  probable  however  that  a  good  many 
soldiers  volunteered  under  the  impression  that  it  was  for  one  year  only. 



PRIVATE  Co.   B,   FIFTH  INDIANA,    1847 
MUSTERED  OUT  JUNE  30,    1866 



Albany  Democrat,  November  4,  1847. 
We  learn  from  the  Washington  Union  that  none  of  the  officers  of  the 
rifle  corps  was  killed  in  the  battles  of  Contreas,  Cherubusco,  Chapultepec 
and  at  the  taking  of  the  City  of  Mexico,  but  that  Major  Loring  had  his 
left  arm  amputated.  Captain  Tucker  was  wounded  in  the  right  arm  and 
thigh,  and  Lieutenant  Van  Buren  in  the  knee.  Captain  Tucker  and  Lieu- 
. tenant  Van  Buren  were  officers  of  a  company  raised  at  Indianapolis  and 
Lafayette,  in  this  State. 

New  Albany  Democrat,  October  5,  1841. 

The  monument  to  the  Spencer  Grays  killed  at  Buena  Vista  is  com 
pleted.  It  is  a  beautiful  piece  of  work  and  does  credit  to  our  citizens  and 
those  who  have  been  active  in  forwarding  it.  We  shall,  in  a  few  days, 
give  a  more  detailed  description  of  the  monument. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  October  5,  1841. 

Captain  Robinson's  Company  of  Volunteers  from  Fayette  County,  Ken 
tucky,  paraded  our  streets  yesterday  drumming  up  recruits  to  fill  the  com 

Indiana  Sentinel,  October  6,  1841. 

MADISON,  October  1,  1847. 

EDITOR  SENTINEL — This  is  the  first  day  on  which  the  companies  com 
prising  the  Fifth  Regiment  were  advised  that  they  could  be  accommo 
dated  with  subsistence  and  quarters,  and  of  five  of  them  already  here 
one,  the  Shelbyville  Hards,  Captain  McKinzey,  has  been  mustered  into 
the  service  of  the  United  States. 

The  regiment  encamped  below  the  city  on  what  is  considered  very 
beautiful  ground  north  of  the  railroad  and  fronting  and  in  full  view  of 
the  Ohio  River,  with  a  good  parade  ground  in  front  of  the  tents,  which 
are  rapidly  being  pitched. 

Every  officer  is  busily  engaged  in  the  duties  of  his  department.  Colo 
nel  Lane  is  here  in  full  flow  of  spirits  and  made  a  most  happy  and  pa 
triotic  speech  last  evening  to  a  crowded  audience  in  the  court  house  and 
was  frequently  and  loudly  cheered,  which  is  evidence  of  the  good  recep 
tion  of  his  speech. 

Major  Morrison  has  completed  arrangements  for  subsistence  and  is 
now  issuing  rations  to  the  five  companies  in  rendezvous.  Dr.  J.  S.  Athon, 
the  accomplished  surgeon  of  the  late  Third  Indiana,  appointed  to  the 
same  office  in  the  Fifth,  is  now  here  on  duty  to  the  great  gratification  of 
every  returned  volunteer,  as  well  as  all  others  who  know  him. 

Captain  J.  H.  Young,  quartermaster,  had  procured  quarters  in  build 
ings  for  the  companies  lest  they  should  arrive  before  the  tents,  but  happily 
the  tents,  cooking  utensils,  etc.,  arrived  last  evening  and  the  captain  is 


busily  engaged  issuing  them.  Lieutenant  Rodman,  a  gentlemanly  and 
accomplished  young  officer  of  the  regular  army,  has  been  designated  as 
mustering  officer  and  is  now  here  on  duty.  Thus,  you  see,  the  organiza 
tion  of  the  Fifth  Regiment  is  going  rapidly  and  pleasantly  forward. 

Your  obedient  servant, 


Madison  Courier,  October  9,  1847. 

Nearly  all  of  the  companies  of  the  Fifth  Regiment  have  arrived  and 
are  in  camp  at  the  lower  end  of  the  city.  *  *  * 

Dr.  J.  S.  Athon.  surgeon  of  the  late  Third  Regiment,  has  been  as 
signed  to  the  same  office  in  the  Fifth  Regiment  and  is  now  here  on  duty. 

Madison  Courier,  October  9,  1847. 

Lieutenant  Rodman,  a  young  officer  of  the  Regular  Army,  has  been 
designated  as  the  mustering  officer  and  is  now  here. 


Madison  Courier,  October  9,  1847. 

We  are  told  that  at  the  conclusion  of  Colonel  Lane's  speech  to  the 
volunteers  at  the  court  house  in  this  city  last  week  he  was  presented  with 
a  fine  polished  cane  by  Major  William  Hoyt  Dupont. 


Greenfield  Investigator,  October  11,  1847. 

Last  Saturday,  by  special  request,  Colonel  James  H.  Lane  addressed 
the  citizens  of  this  place  and  vicinity  on  the  subject  of  the  Mexican  War. 
He  delivered  himself  in  a  manner  highly  creditable  to  his  reputation.  He 
advocated  the  justice  of  the  war  and  urged  with  force  its  prosecution  and 
speedy  and  successful  completion.  He  believed  there  were  many  men  in 
the  United  States  enjoying  the  blessings  of  liberty  who  were  Mexicans  at 
heart,  who  would  be  willing  to  see  their  country's  flag  disgraced  if  they 
could  but  disgrace  the  administration.  Party  is  their  watchword  and  for 
the  success  of  that  they  would  sacrifice  the  loftiest  aspirations  of  the 
soul,  the  love  of  country  and  every  principle  of  honor. 

Colonel  Lane  spoke  for  the  space  of  an  hour  with  effect  and  to  the 
purpose.  He  pictured  the  hardships  of  a  soldier's  life,  but  gave  it  as  his 
opinion  that  one  year  of  camp  life  was  worth  five  of  inactive  civil  life. 
He  set  forth  more  inducements  independent  of  the  promptings  of  patriot 
ism  why  men  should  volunteer  in  the  present  war  and  counteracted  lucidly 
the  unfounded  statement  that  the  climate. of  Mexico  was  prejudicial  to 
health.  He  said -he  believed  it  was  the  most  pleasant  and  congenial  cli 
mate  in  the  world  and  that  all  reports  to  the  contrary  were  and  are 
made  and  circulated  by  persons  opposed  to  the  war  and  its  prosecution, 




men  destitute  of  all  of  those  noble  feelings  which  vibrate  upon  patriotic 
heartstrings.  He  condemned  in  the  strongest  terms  the  action  of  such 
men ;  he  knew  not  or  cared  not  what  their  motives  were,  he  believed  they 
were  enemies-  of  their  country  and  should  on  all  such  occasions,  times  and 
places  look  upon  them  as  such. 

To  be  brief,  we  never  listened  to  a  speech  of  greater  interest.  It  was 
an  honor  to  the  speaker's  head  and  heart  and  told  that  he  was  earnest  in 
his  purpose,  that  he  was  a  patriot  in  name,  feeling,  principle  and  every 
thing.  He  spoke  and  conviction  siezed  upon  his  hearers;  no  bombastic 
words,  no  far-fetched  illustrations  marked  his  speech,  but  plainness  and 
truth,  and  the  consequence  was  the  people  believed  him. 

We  are  glad  to  have  such  men  as  Colonel  Lane  living  in  our  State ; 
he  is  an  honor  to  it.  On  the  bloody  field  at  Buena  Vista  he  proved  him 
self  competent  in  the  fullest  extent  of  the  term  to  command  a  regiment  of 
freemen,  men  who  were  willing  to  leave  their  homes  and  all  that  binds 
their  souls  to  earth  for  the  tented  field  to  revenge  the  wrong,  assert  the 
right  and  maintain  the  honor  of  their  country,  and  should  the  service  of 
the  new  regiment  be  called  into  action  with  Colonel  James  H.  Lane  at 
the  head  we  have  no  fear  but  that  the  honor  and  fair  fame  of  the  State 
will  be  nobly  vindicated. 

New  Albany  Democrat,  October  12,  1847. 

We  learn  from  an  officer  of  the  Fifth  Regiment  Indiana  Volunteers 
that  Major-General  Butler  has  authorized  the  reception  of  companies  of 
sixty-four  men  and  that  a  regiment  will  be  mustered  into  service  and  the 
field  officers  appointed  during  the  present  week. 

Indiana  Journal,  October  14,  1847. 

A  company  of  volunteers  from  Montgomery  County,  Captain  May, 
reached  this  city  last  Tuesday  morning  and  took  the  cars  for  Madison  the 
following  morning. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  October  Ut,  1847. 

VERA  CRUZ,  MEXICO,  September  16,  1847. 

Here  we  are.  after  three  days'  delightful  travel  from  Brazos  Island. 
We  were  agreeably  surprised.  We  expected  storms  and  squalls  at  this 
season  of  the  year,  so  frequent  and  so  fatal  the  season  for  equinoctial 
storms,  but  so  calm  it  was  we  realized  the  maxim  of  "Old  Rough  and 
Ready  No.  2"  (Joe  Lane)  that  "Fortune  favors  the  brave."  The  Fourth 
Ohio  and  Fourth  Indiana  left  simultaneously,  all  in  good  spirits  and  all 
pleased  with  the  trip. 

The  entrance  from  the  sea  into  the  city  and  the  fairness  of  it  from 
the  deck  of  our  boat  when  within  ten  miles  of  it,  was  peculiarly  grand 
and  imposing.  For  the  last  three  months  our  eyes  had  been  pained  by  the 
monotony  of  low  sand  beaches,  wild  and  arid  prairies,  or  rich,  flat  alluvial 


bottoms.  Imagine,  then,  our  pleasure  and  surprise  to  have  presented  right 
in  our  front,  mountain  upon  mountain  piled,  rising  in  abrupt  grandeur, 
and  extending  as  far  as  the  eye  can  reach  in  every  variety  of  shape  and 
form ;  the  rugged  sides  of  the  Sierra  Madre  and  the  high  and  awful 
peaks  of  the  mighty  Orizaba,  "in  gloomy  grandeur  proudly  imminent," 
fixed  our  sole  attention.  This  remarkable  mountain  affords  in  itself  every 
variety  of  climate.  Its  top  is  the  resting  place  of  eternal  snow  while  the 
temperate  and  torrid  zones  may  each  be  found  at  its  center  and  base. 
Here  we  find  the  purest  water,  so  much  needed  by  the  weary,  fainting  and 
thirsty  soldiers. 

We  leave  here  in  two  days  for  the  City  of  Mexico,  a  long  and  dan 
gerous  march  of  270  miles,  every  part  of  the  way  to  be  contended  for.  It 
will  be  a  running,  or  rather  walking,  fight  the  whole  distance.  This  march 
promises  to  be  rich  in  incident  and  adventure,  of  which  you  will  be  duly 
advised.  Many  who  join  in  the  outset  of  our  march  will  never  see  the 
end  of  our  journey.  Your  friend, 



New  Albany  Democrat,  October  19,  1847. 

All  the  companies  are  now  in  camp  and  comprise  in  all  something  like 
seven  hundred  men  and  the  recruiting  for  the  various  regiments  is  going 
on  rapidly.  Every  one  in  and  about  camp  is  in  high  spirits.  Every  volun 
teer  is  elated  with  the  hope  of  soon  leaving,  that  they  may  aid  their  fel 
low  soldiers  in  subduing  our  treacherous  and  obstinate  foe,  and  to  share  hi 
the  revels  of  the  halls  of  the  Montezumas,  that  all-absorbing  desire  of  the 
volunteers,  that  is  now  being  realized  in  the  City  of  Mexico. 

The  clothing  of  the  different  companies  is  going  on  rapidly  and  it  is 
thought  will  be  completed  by  the  last  of  next  week  at  farthest.  The  regi 
ment  will  immediately  make  preparations  to  start.  'They  are  to  rendez 
vous  in  Natchez  and  there  remain  a  few  days  to  complete  every  arrange 
ment  for  their  progress  toward  Mexico.  Colonel  Lane  has  been  ordered 
to  appoint  three  lieutenants,  with  three  assistants  from  the  ranks,  and 
three  different  recruiting  stations  in  the  State  in  order  to  keep  the  regi 
ment  full  for  the  time  they  remain  in  Mexico.  This  is  a  very  wise  pro 
ceeding,  for  experience  has  taught  that  the  regiments  soon  dwindle  down 
to  comparatively  few  effective  men.  The  Second  Indiana  Regiment,  for 
instance,  had  less  than  500  men  on  the  morning  of  the  battle  of  Buena 


Madison  Banner,  October  20,  1847. 

Mr.  Bailey  Cooper,  a  volunteer  of  Captain  Greene's  company,  died  in 
this  city  on  Saturday  evening  last.  In  the  afternoon  of  the  following  day, 
after  the  delivery  of  a  very  impressive  funeral  discourse  by  the  Rev.  Mr. 
Bayless  at  the  encampment,  in  the  presence  of  the  whole  regiment  and  a 


large  number  of  citizens,  his  remains  were  interred  in  the  city  burial 
ground  with  military  honors.  The  deceased  was  from  Bartholomew  Coun 
ty,  about  20  or  21  years  of  age.  He  was  not  in  good  health  when  he  first 
came  to  the  city  about  two  weeks  ago  and  notwithstanding  the  best  medical 
treatment  and  the  assiduous  attention  of  his  comrades,  gradually  declined 
until  his  final  dissolution.  The  religious  services  and  ceremonies  on  Sab 
bath  afternoon,  during  which  the  briny  tears  trickled  down  many  a  rough 
cheek,  were  solemn  and  impressive  in  the  highest  degree. 


Madison  Banner,  October  20,  1847. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Dailey  will  preach  a  farewell  sermon  to  the  Fifth  Regi 
ment  of  Indiana  Volunteers  at  Camp  Reynolds  on  Sabbath  next  at  3 
o'clock  p.  in.  The  ladies  and  gentlemen  of  Madison  and  vicinity  are  espe 
cially  invited  to  be  present. 



MADISON,  October  21,  1847. 
General  Orders  No.  16. 

I.  The  captains  of  the  Fifth   Regiment  of  Indiana   Volunteers  now 
camped  near  this  place  will  forthwith  give  full  notice  to  the  members  of 
their  respective  companies  that  an  election  will  be  held  at  the  said  en 
campment  on  Friday,  the  twenty-second  of  October,  1847,  for  the  purpose 
of  electing  one  colonel,  one  lieutenant-colonel  and  one  major  of  the  said 
regiment,  in  accordance  with  the  following  regulations: 

II.  The  members  of  each  company  will  first  elect,  by  a  majority  of 
their  number,  three  judges  and  one  clerk  of  election ;    one  of  said  judges 
to  administer  an  oath  or  affirmation  to  the  other  judges  and  to  the  clerk, 
and  himself  to  be  afterward  sworn  or  affirmed  by  one  of  the  latter  judges 
faithfully  and  impartially  to  discharge  their  respective  duties  as  such. 

III.  Said  judges  will  then  open  a  poll  or  precinct  for  their  company 
at  its  present  location  at  said  encampment,  and  proceed  to  receive  the  bal 
lots  of  the  members  of  said  company  from  the  hour  of  10  o'clock  a.  m. 
and  continue  to  receive  the  same  and  to  keep  the  poll  open  until  the  hour 
of  6  o'clock  p.  m.  of  the  same  day,  unless  all  the  members  of  said  com 
pany  (not  expressly  declining  to  vote)   shall  have  sooner  voted. 

IV.  The  clerk  will  register  the  name  of  each  member   (as  he  votes) 
in  a  list  as  required  by  law,  and  at  the  close  of  the  polls  the  judges  and 
clerk  will  count  the  ballots  and  declare  the  number  of  votes  received  by 
each  candidate  respectively  for  said  offices,  and  make  out  a  certificate  of 
the  same,  signed  by  the  three  judges  and  attested  by  the  clerk. 

V.  The  judges  and  clerk  of  each  and  every  company  will,  as  soon  as 
the  election  is  closed  at  the  different  precincts   (and  not  later  than  7:30 
o'clock  p.  m.)  meet  at  the  location  of  the  company  commanded  by  the  cap 
tain  holding  the  senior  commission  in  said  regiment,  viz..  Captain  George 


Greene,  and  they  will  then  and  there  add  together  the  votes  received  by 
each  candidate  at  any  and  all  of  said  precincts  from  which  returns  shall 
then  have  been  made,  and  they  will  thereupon  declare  the  result  of  said 
election.  They  will  also  make  out  a  written  certificate,  stating  the  names 
of  the  candidates  and  the  number  of  votes  by  them  respectively  received 
for  the  different  offices,  and  that  the  candidate  receiving  the  highest  num 
ber  of  votes  for  colonel,  lieutenant-colonel  or  major  is  duly  elected  to  the 
same,  which  will  be  signed  by  the  judges  and  attested  by  the  clerks  col 
lectively,  who  are  in  attendance.  This  joint  certificate  will  be  forthwith 
delivered  to  the  undersigned,  now  at  this  place,  in  order  that  the  commis 
sions  may  be  issued  without  delay. 

VI.  It  is  recommended  that  all  of  said  offices  be  voted  for  on  one  and 
the  same  ballot. 

VII.  All  persons  are  warned  against  interfering  in  any  manner  with 
the  freedom  of  election.     Every  volunteer  will  be  protected  in  his  legal 
right  to  vote  a  folded  ballot,  which  will  not  be  opened  until  the  polls  are 
closed,  and  no  undue  restraint  from  any  quarter  whatever  of  the  right  of 
suffrage  will  be  tolerated.    Any  attempt,  on  the  contrary,  to  interfere  with 
or  to  infringe  upon  the  full  and  free  privilege  of  the  voters  will  be  prompt 
ly  visited  by  such  punishment  under  the  penal  laws  of  the  State  as  in  such 
case  is  made  and  provided. 

By  order  of  the  Governor  and  Commander  in  Chief. 

Adjutant-General    Indiana   Militia. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  October  26, 

The  election  of  field  officers  took  place  on  the  22d.  James  H.  Lane, 
of  course,  was  elected  colonel.  Captain  Allen  May  of  the  Montgomery 
Boys  was  elected  lieutenant-colonel,  and  Mr.  Myers,  major.  Major-Gen- 
eral  Butler  has  issued  a  general  order,  from  which  we  make  the  following 
extract  : 

"The  Fifth  Indiana,  Colonel  Lane,  will  embark  at  Madison  on  the 
31st  with  thirty-five  days'  rations,  and  on  reaching  Louisville  draw  its 
arms  and  accoutrements  and  any  camp  equipage  that  may  be  lacking  from 
the  depot  at  that  place. 

"On  reaching  New  Orleans  the  superior  officer  on  each  boat  will  re 
port  his  arrival  to  the  chief  of  the  quartermaster's  department  at  that 
place,  who  will  furnish  the  vessels  necessary  for  crossing  the  gulf  and 
designate  the  place  at  which  the  troops  and  stores  will  be  transhipped. 
If  practical,  no  portion  of  the  troops  will  IK?  landed  before  reaching  Vera 
Cruz,  but  should  it  become  necessary,  they  will,  under  no  circumstances 
be  permitted  to  enter  the  city  of  New  Orleans.  So  soon  as  the  tranship 
ment  is  completed  each  vessel  will  proceed  direct  to  Vera  Cruz  without 
further  orders  and  the  superior  officer  will  report  to  the  commanding  offi 
cer  at  that  place  and  receive  his  orders  for  the  time  being  should  the 
commanding  officer  not  have  arrived." 


New  Albany  Democrat,  October  28,  1847. 

We  learn  that  as  a  compliment  to  the  able  and  efficient  Adjutant-Gen 
eral  of  this  State  the  Indiana  volunteers  now  in  rendezvous  at  Madison 
have  styled  their  encampment  "Camp  Reynolds."  The  following  preamble 
and  resolutions,  which  we  believe  have  never  before  been  publishd,  were 
adopted  unanimously  with  three  hearty  cheers  by  the  officers  and  men  of 
the  Fourth  Regiment  a  short  time  previous  to  their  departure  from  Camp 
Clark  in  June  last.  These  compliments  are  well  deserved.  Too  much 
praise  cannot  be  bestowed  on  General  Reyonlds  by  the  volunteers  and 
people  of  Indiana  for  the  prompt,  efficient  and  satisfactory  manner  in 
which  he  has  discharged  the  duties  of  his  office  in  the  organization  of  the 
five  regiments  from  this  State : 

Whereas.  Adjutant-General  David  Reynolds  has,  by  the  unremitting, 
able  and  efficient  discharge  of  his  duty,  rendered  our  stay  at  this  place 
both  comfortable  and  pleasant,  and  has  by  his  general  deportment  en 
deared  himself  to  this  regiment :  therefore, 

Resolved,  That  this  regiment  tender  to  the  said  David  Reynolds  their 
sincere  thanks  and  grateful  acknowledgments,  which  they  will  carry  with 
them  to  the  country  .of  the  enemy  and  again  to  their  homes. 

Indiana  Sentinel,  October  30,  1841. 

NATIONAL  BRIDGE,  MEXICO,  September  24,  1847. 

EDITOR  SEXTI^EL — General  Lane's  brigade  has  proceeded  this  far  en 
route  to  the  capital  of  Mexico.  His  entire  force,  about  3,000  men,  with 
the  necessary  train  of  wagons,  forms  a  line  of  over  two  miles.  Very  little 
opposition  yet  except  ambuscades  and  guerrilla  parties.  The  whole  country 
swarms  with  these.  The  features  of  the  country  favor  this  mode  of  at 
tack,  being  covered  with  a  dense  and  luxuriant  undergrowth,  intersected 
with  deep  ravines  and  narrow  passes.  The  march  of  a  large  force  through 
such  a  country,  even  in  Mexico,  is  dangerous.  In  some  countries  it  is  im 

From  indications  not  to  be  mistaken,  General  Lane  had  reason  to  ex 
pect  an  attack  at  or  near  Cerro  Gordo.  He  also  found  it  necessary  to 
send  back  to  Vera  Cruz  for  some  more  wagons  and  an  additional  supply 
of  ammunition.  In  the  meantime  he  resolved  to  proceed  and  divided  his 
brigade  in  the  following  order:  Five  companies  of  the  Fourth  Indiana 
Regiment,  to  wit :  A,  B,  C,  D  and  E ;  the  entire  Ohio  regiment ;  two  com 
panies  of  regular  infantry:  four  pieces  of  artillery,  with  the  necessary 
train  of  wagons,  in  all  about  2.000  men.  The  balance  of  the  brigade  con 
sisted  of  five  companies  of  the  Fourth  Indiana,  to  wit :  F,  G,  H,  I,  K ; 
also  Captain  Simmons" s  battalion  and  Captain  Lewis's  Dragoons  with  the 
train  expected  from  Vera  Cruz,  in  all  about  800  men,  under  the  command 
of  Major  W.  W.  McCoy.  Should  any  fighting  take  place  it  is  very  likely 
the  Major  will  have  an  opportunity  of  adding  a  laurel  to  the  civic  wreath 
that  now  so  heavily  adorns  his  brow. 

The  second  day  of  our  march  from  Vera  Cruz  an  attack  of  lancers 


was  made  on  our  front.  The  Texan  Rangers,  who  led  the  van,  attended 
to  their  cases,  killing  seven.  The  balance  ran  off.  I  remarked  the  cool 
ness,  courage  and  self-possession  depicted  on  Major  McCoy's  countenance, 
as,  galloping  along  the  line  he  formed  a  square  to  receive  the  lancers  and 
exclaimed:  .  "Now,  my  brave  boys,  show  yourselves  men."  It  so  happened 
that  our  preparations  were  useless  for  that  time.  The  next  day,  however, 
Lieutenant  Cline  of  the  Louisiana  Dragoons,  was  shot  through  the  head  by 
an  ambuscade.  He  died  instantly,  his  company  then  forming  the  rear 

No  positive  information  from  General  Scott  except  that  a  great  deal  of 
hard  fighting  has  been  done,  but  the  enemy  invariably  got  badly  whipped. 
What  the  effect  of  these  repeated  whippings  will  be  upon  the  feelings, 
either  physical  or  moral,  of  the  Mexican  people,  predisposing  them  to  peace, 
I  cannot  even  conjecture.  Time  will  show.  It  is  a  difficult  problem  to 
solve  and  General  Lane  and  his  brigade  will  have  the  opportunity  of  work 
ing  it  out.  Your  friend, 



Company  D,  Fifth  Regiment. 

From  History  of  Hancock  County. 

More  than  a  third  of  a  century  has  winged  its  flight  into  the  mighty 
past  since  the  brave  boys  that  composed  Company  D  of  the  "Fifth  Indiana 
Volunteers"  of  foot  soldiers,  under  Captain  James  R.  Bracken,  commanded 
by  Colonel  James  H.  Lane,  bid  a  final  adieu  to  Mexican  soil  and  scenes  and 
the  hardships  of  war  and  started  for  their  homes  in  the  distant  north,  and 
yet  there  still  lives  among  us  a  number  who  bear  the  names  found  on  the 
following  roll,  wrhile  the  greater  part,  however,  are  with  us  only  in  memory, 
their  spirits  having  flown  to  fairer  lands,  and  their  bodies  lie  mouldering 
in  the  dust.  *  *  *  Hancock  has  since  sent  many  companies  to  her 
country's  defense,  but  perhaps  she  will  never  have  the  honor  of  furnishing 
a  braver,  stronger,  taller,  nobler,  grander  company  of  men  to  fight  her 
battles  than  Company  "D"  of  the  Fifth  Indiana  Infantry.  *  *  *  The 
company,  after  its  organization  in  Greenfield,  during  the  month  of  Septem 
ber,  went  to  Indianapolis,  Indiana,  in  wagons,  thence  on  flat  cars,  on  the 
first  railroad  in  the  State,  to  Madison,  Indiana,  a  distance  of  one  hundred 
and  ten  miles. 


Company  G,  Fourth  Regiment. 

From  History  of  Monroe  County. 

In  1847  three  more  regiments  were  called  for  from  Indiana,  and  Daniel 
Lunderman  began  to  raise  a  company.  It  was  soon  completed  and  became 
G  of  the  Fourth  Regiment.  This  company  was  tendered  a  public  farewell 
by  the  citizens  of  Bloomington,  who  presented  the  boys  with  a  national 


banner.  The  company  was  with  General  Scott  on  his  march  from  Vera 
Cruz  to  the  Mexican  capital,  and  participated  in  nearly  all  of  the  .battles 
on  that  memorable  and  triumphant  route.  A  number  of  the  boys  was  killed 
and  many  more  wounded,  but  their  names  cannot  be  given.  The  company 
returned  at  the  end  of  one  year.  Several  were  left  in  honored  graves  in 
the  land  of  the  Montezuiuas. 


Company  K,  Fifth  Regiment. 

from  History  of  Allen  County. 

In  October,  1847,  after  the  muster-out  and  discharge  of  the  First  Regi 
ment,  another  call  for  volunteers  having  been  made  by  the  President, 
Captain  Lewis  commenced  the  organization  of  another  company  which  was 
soon  completed,  and  it  was  mustered  into  the  service  of  the  United  States 
at  Madison,  Ind.,  January  0,  1848,  and  assigned  to  the  Fifth  Regiment, 
commanded  by  Colonel  Jas.  H.  Lane. 

A  few  days  afterward,  the  regiment  departed  for  the  seat  of  war,  and, 
passing  down  the  Ohio  and  Mississippi  rivers,  and  crossing  the  Gulf  of 
Mexico,  disembarked  at  Vera  Cruz. 

The  war  being  practically  ended,  the  only  duty  the  regiment  ever  per 
formed  was  that  of  garrison  duty  at  different  points,  while  the  questions 
involved  in  making  the  treaty  of  peace  were  being  settled  by  the  two  gov 

The  questions  in  dispute  having  been  satisfactorily  disposed  of,  the 
troops  of  our  government  were  withdrawn,  and  they  returned  home,  the 
Fifth  Regiment  being  mustered  out  at  Madison  on  the  2Sth  of  July.  1848, 
and  the  members  of  Captain  Lewis's  company  dispersed  at  that  place,  to 
reach  their  homes  as  each  saw  fit. 


New  Albany  Democrat.  November  2.  1S47. 

The  Fifth  Regiment  Indiana  Volunteers  broke  up  their  camp  at  Camp 
Reynolds,  near  Madison,  on  Sunday  last,  November  1,  arrived  at  Jefferson- 
ville  on  the  same  evening,  where  they  remained  during  the  night,  and 
passed  this  city  on  their  way  to  New  Orleans  and  the  seat  of  war  on  the 
steamboats  Wave,  Ne  Plus  Ultra  and  Phoenix,  last  evening.  The  regiment, 
we  learn,  contains  but  nine  companies  at  present.  Captain  Lewis,  we  hear, 
has  had  his  company  filled  three  different  times,  and  as  often,  from  some 
cause  or  other,  it  has  disbanded.  It  is  left  to  General  Butler's  decision 
whether  Captain  Lewis  shall  be  allowed  still  further  time  to  complete  his 
company,  or  whether  Captain  Frisbee's  company  shall  be  accepted. 



New  Albany  Democrat,  November  2, 

The  Madison  Courier,  speaking  of  the  Fifth  Ilegiment  of  Volunteers 
recently  encamped  near  that  city,  says:  "During  the  time  this  body  of 
men  have  been  encamped  here,  they  have  conducted  themselves  with  great 
propriety,  and  their  conduct  has  reflected  honor  on  the  character  of  the 
volunteer  soldier.  We  hear  no  complaints  from  our  citizens,  no  disgraceful 
outrages  on  their  part.  Take  them  all  in  all,  they  are  a  fine-looking  body 
of  men  and  appear  competent  to  do  good  service  in  the  field.  May  good 
health  and  good  luck  attend  them  in  their  arduous  campaign.  They  will 
probably  be  absent  a  long  time;  somo  may  never  return,  but  under  all 
the  circumstances  it  is  not  doubted  they  will  sustain  the  honor  of  their 
country,  their  State,  and  the  American  name  by  their  bravery  in  battle  and 
moderation  in  victory.  We  notice  that  the  indefatigable  exertions  of  Colo 
nel  Lane,  seconded  by  other  officers,  have  already  brought  the  regiment  to 
a  considerable  proficiency  in  military  evolutions,  so  far  as  they  can  be 
executed  without  arms. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  November  2, 

We  regret  to  see  among  the  list  of  killed  and  wounded  of  General 
Worth's  division  at  the  battle  of  Moliuo  del  Key,  the  name  of  Lieutenant 
W.  Armstrong  of  the  Second  Artillery.  He  was  the  son  of  AValter  Arm 
strong,  Esq.,  of  Vevay,  Indiana,  and  was  a  young  officer  of  great  merit  and 
bravery.  He  was  raised  at  this  place  and  was  a  schoolboy  with  many  of 
the  young  now  resident  here.  He  was  in  the  battle  of  Cerro  Gordo  and  all 
of  the  subsequent  battles  under  General  Worth,  until  he  lost  his  life  in  the 
terrible  conflict  at  Molino  del  Key.  The  country  has  in  Lieutenant  Arm 
strong,  lost  one  among  the  most  promising  of  her  young  officers. 

New  Albany  Democrat,  \orcmber  2, 

Two  volunteers,  Jackson  Page  of  Captain  McDougal's  company,  and 
Samuel  McFall  of  Captain  McKinzie's  company,  died  at  Madison  last  week. 

Indiana  Sentinel,  November  3, 

The  Fifth  Regiment  Indiana  Volunteers  departed  from  Madison  on 
Sunday  last  for  the  seat  of  war.  A  friend  has  furnished  us  the  following 
particulars.  The  several  companies  departed  as  follows:  On  the  steamer 
Ne  Plus  Ultra,  Colonel  Lane,  Surgeon  Athon  and  companies  E,  D.  and  F. 
On  the  Phoenix,  Lieutenant-Colonel  May,  Assistant  Surgeon  Mullin  and 
companies  A;  B.  and  G.  On  the  Wave,  Major  Myers,  Dr.  McClure  and  com 
panies  C.  H  and  I. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  Xoveniber  3,  1S47. 

Among  those  wounded  in  the  late  battles  of  the  City  of  Mexico  we 
notice  the  name  of  John  S.  Siiuonson,  Captain  of  Dragoons.  He  is  a  prom 
inent  citizen  of  Clark  County  and  was  appointed  by  the'  President  last 
winter.  Also  that  of  James  Tiltpu  of  this  city,  a  lieutenant  in  the  Volti- 
geur  regiment,  which  so  gallantly  and  effectively  displayed  itself  at  the 
storming  of  Chapultepec. 

Indiana  Journal,  November  5,  1847. 

Adjutant-General  Reynolds  returned  by  yesterday's  cars  from  Camp 
Reynolds.  %We  understand  that  he  escorted  the  gallant  Fifth  Regiment  as 
far  as  Louisville. 



INDIANAPOLIS,  IND.,  Nov.  G,  1847. 

SIR — Please  inform  me  at  your  earliest  convenience  if  the  Adjutant- 
General  of  a  state  can  be  paid  by  the  general  government  for  his  services 
while  actually  engaged  in  raising  troops  under  requisition  of  the  War  De 
partment,  and  if  so  what  will  be  his  per  month  allowance,  and  what  au 
thentication  and  steps  are  necessary  to  secure  said  payment? 

During  a  portion  of  the  present  year  my  whole  time  has  been  devoted 
to  the  raising  and  forwarding  of  the  Fourth  and  Fifth  Regiments  of  In 
diana  Volunteers,  being  necessarily  from  home  with  the  troops  nearly 
three  months,  on  a  heavy  expense.  The  law  of  Indiana  allows  me  but  $100 
per  annum,  out  of  which  office  rent.  fuel,  lights,  etc..  are  paid,  leaving  but 
a  very  small  fraction  for  other  necessary  expenses. 

I  shall  be  greatly  obliged  to  you  for  a  speedy  answer  to  the  above. 
I  have  the  honor  to  be.  sir. 

Your  obedient  servant, 


Adjutant-General   Indiana   Militia. 
Hon.  W.  L.  Marcy,  Secretary  of  War.  Washington  City.  D.  C. 

WASHINGTON,  Nov.  17,  1847. 

SIR — In  reply  to  your  letter  of  the  Gth  inst..  I  have  the  honor  to  in 
form  you  that  nothing  can  at  present  be  allowed  you  for  your  services 
while  engaged  in  raising,  organizing  and  forwarding  the  volunteers  from 
your  state.  The  resolution  of  the  3d  of  March  last,  which  is  the  only  act 
authorizing  payments  for  such  objects,  is  construed  to  apply  only  to  ex 
penses  incurred  prior  to  its  passage.  It  is  probable,  however,  that  there 
will  bo  further  legislation  on  the  subject  at  the  approaching  session  of 

Very  respectfully,  your  ob't  servant. 

W.  L.  MARCY, 

Secretary  of  War. 
D.  Reynolds,  Adjutant-General  of  Indiana,  Indianapolis,  Indiana. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  November  11,  1847. 

The  Union,  copying  the  notice  of  the  death  of  Lieutenant  Armstrong  of 
this  city,  says  that  Indiana  has  to  mourn  the  loss  of  another  son  in  the 
person  of  Lieutenant  Calvin  Benjamin.  Lieutenant  Benjamin  was  a  brave 
and  meritorious  officer  of  the  Fourth  Artillery.  He  was  in  the  battles  at 
Palo  Alto,  Resaca,  Monterey  and  Vera  Cruz.  At  Cerro  Gordo  he  com 
manded  a  company  and  conducted  himself  with  such  skill  and  bravery  as 
to  draw  forth  the  warm  commendations  of  his  commanding  officers  in  their 
official  reports.  He  was  with  his  regiment  in  the  several  hard  fought 
battles  before  the  city  and  fell  in  the  last  struggle  at  the  gates. 

Xew  Albany  Demwmt,  Xorctnber  11,  1847. 

Some  ten  or  twelve  recruits  for  the  regular  army  left  this  city  for 
Newport  Barracks  yesterday  morning. 


A'ew;  Albany  Democrat,  November  11,  184". 

The  State  Sentinel  gives  the  following  list  of  appointments  of  field  of 
ficers  of  the  Fifth  Regiment :  Colonel,  James  H.  Lane ;  Lieutenant-Colo 
nel,  Allen  May;  Major,  John  M.  Myers;  Adjutant,  John  M.  Lord;  Ser 
geant-Major,  F.  P.  Bradley;  Second  Sergeant-Major,  -  -  Oldshue; 
First  Musician,  William  Miller;  Second  Musician,  John  Sunnian ;  Armorer, 
A.  J.  Gray;  Regimental  Orderly,  P.  H.  Conroy. 

The  following  otiicers  were  left  by  orders,  to  recruit  for  the  service: 
At  Madison,  Lieutenant  W.  Jones  and  Sergeant  Ed  Badgley ;  at  Evansville, 
Lieutenant  David  Sliunk  and  Sergeant  Lance;  at  Lafayette,  Lieutenant  S. 
Crane  and  Sergeant  Hosea. 


Indiana  Journal,  November  12,  1847. 

MR.  EDITOR — It  is  gratifying  that  the  press  in  this  place  has  at  last 
uttered  the  kind  sentiments  the  people  have  so  long  felt  for  the  able 
services  of  Adjutant-General  Reynolds. 

The  Sentinel  has  been  forced  by  public  opinion  to  draw  from  its  musty 
pigeon-holes  the  resolutions  long  since  adopted  by  the  regiment  commanded 
by  the  gallant  Colonel  Gorman,  expressive  of  the  sense  of  gratitude  that 
command  felt  towards  General  Reynolds.  Why  w^ere  these  resolutions  kept 
back  by  the  executive  organ  in  this  State?  Why  not  published  long  since? 

There  was  a  time  in  the  early  administration  of  Governor  Whitcomb 
when  no  important  measure  was  adopted  and  carried  out  without  the 


knowledge  and  approval  of  the  best  friend  the  people  ever  had,  but  since 
the  Governor  and  the  Messrs.  Bright  have  been  absorbed  in  state  bonds, 
dividends,  etc.,  General  Reynolds  has  not  enjoyed  the  Executive's  confidence 
as  he  once  did.  General  Reynolds  is  emphatically  the  people's  friend.  He 
esteems  his  friends  but  he  loves  his  country  more.  He  is  plain  and 
straightforward  in  his  course  and  it  is  well  known  that  any  mysterious 
juggling  in  the  administration  of  public  affairs  would  meet  his  decided 

In  the  participation  of  the  administration  of  the  civil  matters  of  this 
State  he  may,  for  the  present,  be  excluded,  but,  in  the  language  of  the  late 
Sentinel :  '-He  is  beloved  by  all  of  our  troops  who  have  had  an  oppor 
tunity  of  becoming  acquainted  with  him.''  This  the  sagacity  of  the  Gov 
ernor  has  long  since  discovered  and  in  sending  forward  our  regiments  to 
the  Mexican  war  the  Governor  has,  in  a  great  measure,  surrendered  the 
important  task  to  General  Reynolds,  who,  in  his  dispatch  of  the  several 
regiments  to  the  seat  of  war  has  so  deservedly  earned  the  high  esteem  of 
his  fellow  citizens. 

Should  the  war  cease,  General  Reynolds's  influence  will  again  be  felt 
in  the  administration  of  the  civil  affairs  of  our  State  and  could  he  con- 
sistentl3T  leave  his  post  and  fill  the  place  of  State  agent  in  the  place  of 
Mr.  Bright,  the  public  would  be  as  well  served  and  less  painful  conjecture 
would  be  felt  as  to  the  manner  in  which  the  interest  of  the  State  has  been 
husbanded,  and  we  conjecture  that  the  Executive  would  find  himself  safer 
in  the  councils  of  General  Reynolds  than  in  the  advice  of  his  present  fa 
vorites,  the  lately  appointed  Supreme  Judges.  Dr.  Smith  and  Mr.  Perkins. 



.Indiana  Sentinel,  ^ovember  13,  18^7. 

Sergeant  C.  W.  West  of  the  Fifth  Regiment,  now  en  route  to  the  head 
quarters  of  General  Scott,  will  be  found  at  Drake's  Hotel  for  a  few  days, 
ready  to  receive  any  number  of  men  who  wish  to  try  the  fortunes  of  war. 

\eic  Albany  Democrat,  November  13,  1841. 


INDIANAPOLIS,  Nov.  5,  1847. 

By  reference  to  the  subjoined  order  of  Colonel  Lane,  it  will  be  seen 
that  the  company  commanded  by  Captain  D.  W.  Lewis,  Fifth  Indiana  Vol 
unteers,  did  not  arrive  at  Madison  full  in  time  to  leave  with  the  regiment, 
in  consequence  of  the  great  distance  it  had  to  travel  and  other  difficulties 
thrown  in  its  way.  Hence,  it  is  still  at  Madison.  It  is  always  seen  that 
subsistence  and  camp  equipage  are  on  hand  for  the  recruit  the  moment  he 
arrives.  Forty  men  can  be  accommodated  with  places  in  the  company, 
who  may  (as  I  was  verbally  informed  by  Colonel  Lane)  at  their  option, 
either  remain  in  said  company  or  be  transferred  to  duty  in  some  one  of  the 
other  nine  on  reaching  the  regiment. 



Captain  Lewis  informed  me  that  several  of  the  non-commissioned  of 
fices  are  yet  to  be  filled,  and  are  hence  open  for  competition.  This  is  a 
good  opportunity  to  get  into  the  service,  and  the  undersigned  expresses  the 
hope  that  a  sufficient  number  of  patriotic  young  men  will  immediately  re 
port  themselves  to  Captain  Lewis,  to  enable  him  to  speedily  join  the  regi 
ment  at  Vera  Cruz  previous  to  its  march  from  that  point  to  join  General 
Scott  at  the  Mexican  capital.  Address  Captain  Lewis  at  Madison,  Indiana. 


Ad  j  utant-General . 

Captain  D.  W.  Lewis : 

You  will  with  energy  progress  in  filling  your  company.  I  have  ap 
pointed  Lieutenant  J.  B.  Sawtell  of  your  company,  assistant  commissary 
and  quartermaster.  You  will  make  your  requisitions  on  him  for  such  sub 
sistence  and  quartermaster's  stores  as  you  may  require  in  filling  up  your 

After  the  company  is  filled  and  uniformed,  you  will  make  a  requisition 
on  the  quartermaster  at  Cincinnati,  or  elsewhere,  for  transportation  and 
at  the  earliest  possible  moment  join  the  regiment  with  your  company. 

You  will  report  instanter  to  the  War  Department  at  Washington  and 
to  Lieutenant-Colonel  Irving,  Second  Artillery,  Cincinnati,  Ohio,  Superin 
tendent  of  Recruiting  Service,  the  situation  of  your  company  and  the  in 
structions  you  have  received. 

Yours  with  respect, 

J.  II.  LANE, 
Colonel  Commanding.  Fifth  Regiment   Indiana  Volunteers. 

Indiana  Journal,  November  16, 

Our  old  friend,  Albert  Wert,  formerly  of  the  St.  Joseph  Valley  Regis 
ter,  has  established  a  recruiting  office  at  Frazier's  Hotel  for  Captain 
Lewis's  company  of  volunteers  now  at  Madison.  If  there  are  any  more  of 
the  boys  who  want  to  "see  the  elephant"  they  can  still  have  a  chance. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  November  18.  18^1. 

The  day  before  the  Fifth  Regiment  struck  their  tents  and  embarked  for 
Mexico,  Colonel  Lane  drew  his  regiment  up  on  Camp  Reynolds,  forming 
three  sides  of  a  square,  to  receive  their  regimental  flags  from  the  hands  of 
the  Adjutant-General  of  the  State.  The  flag  bearers  took  position  four 
paces  apart  in  the  vacant  side  of  the  square  and  near  the  right  of  the 
regiment.  In  the  meantime  the  banners  were  floating  in  the  strong  breeze 


then  blowing  from  the  water.  Colonel  Lane  took  a  position  to  the  right 
of  the  General,  while  the  flags  were  to  his  left.  A  large  concourse  of  per 
sons  were  in  and  around  the  square  and  witnessed  the  ceremonies.  All 
being  ready,  the  General  stepped  forward,  recognizing-  first  Colonel  Lane 
and  then  the  regiment,  and  then  in  substance  said: 

Officers  and  Men — I  will  not  charge  you  to  return  these  flags  untar 
nished.  A  long  and  intimate  personal  knowledge  of  your  character,  run 
ning  from  one  month  to  fifteen  years,  forbids  the  necessity.  The  fact  that 
yon  are  all  volunteers  and  go  of  your  own  election  and  have  each  an  in 
dividual  reputation  at  home  to  sustain  in  the  hour  of  battle,  forbids  the 
necessity.  The  fact  that  all  your  field,  staff,  and  a  very  large  portion  of 
your  company  officers  and  men  have  served  one  year  with  great  honor  to 
themselves  and  our  State,  forbids  the  necessity.  The  fact  that  you  have  a 
large  number  in  your  midst  who  bore  a  conspicuous  part  in  the  fearful 
fight  of  Buena  Vista,  and  that  you  are  commanded  by  the  same  accom 
plished  and  gallant  Colonel  Lane  who  had  the  honor  of  commanding  the 
"Uublenchiug  Third  Indiana"  throughout  that  dark  and  bloody  day,  with 
out  a  single  falter,  not  only  forbids  the  necessity  of  such  a  charge,  but 
also  the  propriety. 

These  banners,  then,  with  the  honor  of  the  State,  are  confidently  com 
mitted  to  your  guardianship  with  the  fullest  assurance  that  neither  the 
one  will  be  dishonored  nor  the  other  tarnished. 

My  official  connection  with  you  will  soon  have  ceased,  but  having  co 
operated  with  you  ever  since  the  first  tap  of  the  drum  which  called  you  to 
the  tented  field,  and  having  mingled  "with  you  since  your  arrival  here,  I 
beg  you  to  be  sure  that  yon  bear  with  you  the  warmest  feelings  of  my 
heart  for  the  preservation  of  your  lives,  your  honor,  and  for  your  safe 
return  to  our  beloved  State. 

Be  assured  -that  whether  in  the  toilsome  march,  slumbering  in  your 
white  pavilions  beside  your  blazing  camp  fire,  or  mingling  in  the  scenes  of 
carnage  on  the  field  of  battle,  my  ardent  prayer  shall  ascend  to  the  God 
of  nations,  of  arms  and  of  battles  that  lie  may  preserve  your  lives  and 
your  honor  and  guide  you  to  a  high  and  honorable  and  glorious  destiny. 

At  the  closing  sentence  the  entire  regiment  gave  three  long  and  loud 
cheers  for  General  Reynolds.  Colonel  Lane  then  responded  to  the  General 
on  behalf  of  the  regiment  in  a  patriotic  and  eloquent  speech  of  considerable 
length.  We  regret  that  his  departure  on  the  next  day  prevented  us  from 
getting  a  report.  He,  too,  was  loudly  and  heartily  cheered  by  the  regi 
ment  when  he  had  concluded. 

\ew  Albany  Democrat,  yovem'ber  18,  1847. 

Three  companies  of  the  Fifth  Regiment  Indiana  Volunteers  arrived 
at  New  Orleans  on  the  Oth  iust.  Colonel  Lane,  Major  Morrison,  Captains 
McDougal,  McKenzie  and  Bracken.  Captain  Young,  quartermaster,  and 
Dr.  J.  S.  Athoii,  surgeon,  were  of  this  detachment. 


Indiana  Journal,  November  19,  1847. 

General  Lane  succeeds  Colonel  Childs  in  the  command  of  Puebla.  He 
drove  the  guerillas  from  the  city,  proclaimed  martial  law  and  established 
an  efficient  police.  He  is  said  to  have  acted  with  a  great  deal  of  prompt 
ness  in  restoring  order  and  is  very  popular  among  the  well-disposed  of  all 


New  Albany  Democrat,  November  20,  1847. 

A  telegraphic  despatch  to  the  Louisville  papers,  dated  Richmond.  No 
vember  18,  says:  At  the  late  battle  at  the  city  of  Huamantla  there  oc 
curred  a  struggle  between  the  Pennsylvania  and  Indiana  Volunteers  as  to 
whom  the  honor  should  accrue  of  planting  our  national  flag  upon  the  walls 
of  that  city.  The  contest  was  one  of  great  animation  and  vigor.  The 
Pennsylvanians,  however,  succeeded  in  accomplishing  the  glorious  feat. 


Neic  Albany  Democrat,  November  23, 

We  publish  in  another  column,  from  a  Puebla  paper,  an  interesting  ac 
count  of  the  battle  of  Huamantla,  in  which  General  Santa  Anna  was  out 
generaled  and  defeated  by  our  gallant  Hoosier  General  Lane. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  November  2~>,  1847. 

The  State  Sentinel  of  Wednesday,  the  17th,  says :  We  learned  late  last 
evening  that  a  shocking  accident  happened  to  Governor  Whitcomb  on  the 
down  train  of  railroad  cars  yesterday  at  Edinburgh.  The  Governor  had 
stepped  off  of  the  cars  for  a  few  moments  arid  was  about  stepping  on  again 
while  the  cars  were  in  motion.  His  foot  slipped  and  he  fell  between  the 
cars  and  the  platform  of  the  depot,  the  cars  whirling  him  round,  and  crush 
ing  his  thigh  as  they  went.  The  Governor  was  insensible  for  some  time 
after  he  was  extracted,  but  finally  recovered  consciousness.  The  exact 
character  and  extent  of  the  injury  we  are  unable  to  state,  but  from  what 
we  are  told  it  will  be  some  time,  if  ever,  before  he  can  recover. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  November  25,   1847. 

The  State  Sentinel  of  the  20th  says :  Governor  Whitcomb  was  brought 
to  this  city  from  Edinburgh  on  Wednesday  last.  The  injuries  he  received 
do  not  appear  to  be  of  so  dangerous  a  character  as  we  inferred  from  the 


account  first  received.     Still,  he  was  very  badly  bruised  and  came  within  an 
ace  of  destruction. 

The  Governor  has  improved  very  much  since  the  close  of  the  18th.  It 
is  now  understood  that  no  bones  were  broken,  nor  was  there  any  vital  or 
gan  injured.  His  wounds  consist  of  a  series  of  contusions  and  bruises  on 
the  lower  limbs,  from  which  it  is  not  now  probable  that  any  lasting  injury 
will  result. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  November  21,  1847. 

Advices  from  Puebla  report  the  city  as  having  been  effectively  subdued. 
General  Lane  commanded  the  respect  of  the  citizens  and  invited  those  who 
dispersed,  subsequent  to  the  siege,  to  return  and  resume  their  respective  vo 
cations.  He  also  gave  permission  to  the  Governor  to  return  and  resume 
his  functions. 



DECEMBER  1,  1847. 

INDIANAPOLIS,  INDIANA,  December  1,  1847. 
To  His  Excellency  James  Whitcomb,  Governor  and  Commander-in-Chief : 

In  compliance  with  law,  the  following  statement  of  the  military  affairs 
of  Indiana  for  the  year  1847,  is  below  respectfully  submitted : 

The  Senate  and  House  committees  of  the  Legislature  of  last  winter, 
in  compliance  with  the  supposed  wishes  of  the  people,  drew  up  with  great 
labor,  a  bill  for  the  reorganization  of  the  militia,  combining  the  law  of 
1831  which  governs  the  district  militia,  with  the  law  of  1844,  regulating 
the  independent  militia,  omitting  such  defects,  and  adding  such  new  pro 
visions,  as  in  their  opinion,  would  best  secure  the  object  desired.  The  bill 
passed  the  House  by  a  very  large  majority,  but  sleeps  on  the  files  of  the 
Senate  amongst  the  unfinished  business,  so  that  the  laws  of  1831  and  1844 
are  still  in  force. 

With  regard  to  the  -importance  of  a  thorough  organization  of  the 
militia  of  the  State,  and  some  of  the  reasons  in  favor  of  it,  you  are  re 
spectfully  referred  to  what  is  said  on  that  subject  in  my  last  annual  report. 

There  has  been  considerable  activity  in  the  State  militia  during  the 
last  year.  This  has  been  true  of  the  District  as  well  as  of  the  Independent 
Militia,  and  is  corroborated  by  a  large  correspondence  and  issue  of  com 
missions.  In  the  course  of  the  past  year  the  War  Department  made  two 
separate  requisitions  on  this  State,  each  for  a  regiment  of  volunteer  in 
fantry,  to  serve  during  the  war  with  Mexico,  unless  sooner  discharged,  and 
as  the  raising,  organizing  and  forwarding  these  regiments  constituted  the 
most  important  part  of  the  year's  operations,  it  is  deemed  proper  to  lay 
before  you  a  detailed  statement  of  the  same. 

The  first  requisition,  dated  April  19th,  was  received  by  the  Executive 


on  the  24th  of  the  same  month,  and  was  immediately  followed  by  the 
Proclamation,  and  in  due  season  by  the  general  orders  hereunto  appended, 
and  which  were  by  the  undersigned  addressed  to  every  county  in  the  State. 

As  directed  by  the  Governor,  the  undersigned  repaired,  on  the  5th  day 
of  June,  to  Old  Fort  Clark,  near  Jeffersonville,  to  superintend  the  organi 
zation  of  the  regiment  and  generally  to  advance  the  comfort  and  welfare 
of  the  troops.  Several  of  the  companies  arrived  at  the  rendezvous  with 
out  the  number  of  men  required  to  entitle  them  to  be  mustered  into  service, 
and  the  officers  of  the  United  States  Army  did  not,  under  their  instruc 
tions,  feel  authorized  to  subsist  and  quarter  them  until  so  mustered.  This 
contingency  had  not  been  anticipated,  and  hence  no  arrangement  had  been 
made  to  meet  it.  The  result  was,  that  some  of  the  officers,  until  their 
companies  were  full  enough,  kept 'their  men  at  their  own  expense,  which, 
in  some  instances,  proved  beyond  their  immediate  ability  to  meet.  These 
unpaid  claims  amounting  to  some  few  hundred  dollars,  certified  by  the  offi 
cers  will,  it  is  probable,  be  presented  to  this  Legislature  for  payment,  by 
those  who  furnished  the  supplies,  and  it  is  respectfully  recommended  that 
said  claims  be  paid. 

It  is  due  to  the  citizens  of  Jeffersouville  to  say  that  they  exhibited  a 
public  spirit  and  a  praiseworthy  hospitality,  by  raising  funds  and  furnish 
ing  accommodations  to  relieve  the  troops  under  the  embarrassments  re 
ferred  to. 

By  the  IGth  of  June  the  Fourth  Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers  was 
finally  organized,  and  on  the  27th  of  the  same  month  it  embarked  for  the 
seat  of  war  with  the  following  as  its  officers :  Willis  A.  Gorman,  Colonel ; 
Ebenezer  Dumont,  Lieutenant-Colonel ;  William  W.  McCoy,  Major ;  Lieu 
tenant  Edward  Cole,  Adjutant;  Joseph  Combs,  Sergeant-Major ;  T.  M. 
Smith,  Quartermaster-Sergeant;  Dr.  Brower  and  Dr.  Finley,  temporary 
Surgeons.  • 

Company  A,  Marion  Guards,  Grant  County,  Captain  J.  M.  Wallace. 
Company  B,  Gosport  Guards,  Owen  County,  Captain  J.  I.  Alexander. 
Company  C,  Dearborn   County  Guards,   Dearborn  County,   Captain   W.   T. 


Company  D,  Marion  County  Infantry,  Marion  County,  Captain  E.  Lander. 
Company  E,  Spencer  County  Volunteers,  Spencer  County,  Captain  J.  W. 

Company  F,  Columbus    Legion,    Bartholomew    County,    Captain    M.    Fitz- 

Company  G,  Rough  and  Ready  Guards,   Monroe  County,   Captain  D.  Lin- 


Company  H,  Fort  Harrison  Guards,  Vigo  County,  Captain  L.  Cochran. 
Company  I,  Northern  Rangers,  Laporte  County,  Captain  B.  Fravel. 
Company  K,  Hoosier  Boys  of  Dearborn,  Dearborn  County,  Captain  A.  L. 


Of  the  moneys  by  you  on  behalf  of  the  State  advanced  and  assumed 
for  transporting  and  subsisting  companies  to  the  rendezvous,  all  was  by 
the  captains  of  said  companies,  paid  to  me,  and  by  me  accounted  for  to  you, 
except  $358.07  as  follows :  To  Captain  M.  Fitzgibbon,  $76.25,  which  he  said 
the  keeping  of  his  men  before  they  were  mustered,  rendered  him  unable 


to  pay,  but  for  which  he  gave  an  order  on  the  house  of  Messrs.  Dobbin  & 
Co.,  of  Columbus,  Indiana,  which  has  been  presented  but  not  yet  paid. 
And  a  balance  of  $281.82  to  Captain  J.  M.  Wallace,  his  bill  being  $250.00 
for  money  received  of  you,  and  $106.00  for  railroad  transportation,  mak 
ing  the  sum  of  $356.00,  none  of  which  was  at  the  time  paid,  but  he  having 
on  the  28th  day  of  October  paid  $74.18,  leaving  $281.82  as  above.  For  a 
detailed  account  of  the  latter  case,  you  are  respectfully  referred  to  my  re 
port  of  21st  of  September  last. 

The  communication  from  the  War  Department  calling  for  the  Fifth 
Regiment  of  Volunteer  Infantry,  dated  the  26th  day  of  August,  was  re 
ceived  on  the  31st  day  of  that  mouth,  and  the  Executive  Proclamation  and 
General  Orders,  also  appended,  were  duly  issued  and  addressed  as  before. 

The  ten  companies  composing  the  regiment  had  on  the  23d  of  Septem 
ber  been  reported  to  this  office,  and  their  services  accepted  by  Colonel 
Lane.  Several  extra  companies  were  reported  for  each  regiment,  but  could 
not  be  received. 

On  the  25th  day  of  September,  as  directed  by  the  Governor,  the  under 
signed  repaired  to  Madison,  the  place  of  rendezvous,  where  on  consulta 
tion  with  Col.  S.  Churchill,  Inspector  General  of  the  United  States  Army,  it 
was  learned  that  the  first  day  of  October  would  be  the  earliest  period  at 
which  arrangements  could  be  made  for  quartering  and  subsisting  the  com 
panies,  who  were  thereupon  ordered  to  be  at  the  rendezvous  on  said  day, 
or  as  soon  thereafter  as  possible. 

An  order,  however,  was  procured  from  Colonel  Churchill  to  quarter  and 
subsist  companies  on  their  arrival,  though  not  full  enough  to  be  mustered, 
thus  avoiding  the  difficulty  on  that  point  experienced  by  the  Fourth  Regi 

The  organization  of  the  Fifth  Regiment  was  effected  on  the  22d  day  of 
October,  and  it  embarked  for  Vera  Cruz  on  the  31st  of  that  mouth  under 
charge  of  the  following  officers,  viz. :  James  H.  Lane.  Colonel ;  Allen 
May,  Lieutenant-Colonel ;  John  M.  Myers,  Major ;  Lieutenant  John  M. 
Lord,  Adjutant ;  J.  S.  Athon,  Surgeon :  P.  G.  Jones,  Assistant  Surgeon ;  F. 

P.  Bradley,  Sergeant-Major ;    J.  Oldshue,  Quartermaster-Sergeant. 
Company  A.  Indiana  Guards.  Jefferson  County,  Captain  H.  Hull. 
Company  B,  Rough  and  Ready  Guards,  Clark  County,  Captain  G.  Greene. 
Company  C,  Coviugtou  Guards,  Fountain  County,  Captain  R.  M.  Evans. 
Company  D,  Hancock  B'hoys,  Hancock  County,  Captain  J.  B.  Bracken. 
Company  E,  Shelby ville  Hards,  Shelby  County.  Captain  S.  McKeuzie. 
Company  F,  Centre  Guards,  Marion  County,  Captain  J.  McDougall. 
Company  G,  Grabbers  No.  2,  Dearborn  County,  Captain  A.  C.  Gibbs. 
Company  H,  Washington  Guards.  Grant  County,  Captain  E.  G.  Carey. 
Company  I,  Montgomery  Boys,  Montgomery  County.  Captain  M.  D.  Manson. 
Company  K,  Wayne  Guards,  Allen  County,  Captain  D.  W.  Lewis. 

The  last  named  company  not  arriving  at  Madison,  full,  in  time  to  em 
bark  with  the  others,  in  consequence  of  the  great  distance  it  had  to  travel, 
and  other  obstacles  thrown  in  its  way,  was  left  by  Colonel  Lane  to  com 
plete  its  numbers,  and  join  the  regiment  as  soon  as  possible. 

The  Madison  and  Indianapolis  Railroad  Company,  this,  as  well  as  last 
year,  conveyed  the  volunteers  for  half  the  price  charged  other  passengers, 


and  it  is  gratifying  to  be  able  to  report  that  in  the  case  of  the  Fifth  Regi 
ment  every  cent  of  the  expense  of  their  passage  assumed  by  the  State,  was 
paid  to  the  undersigned  (and  by  him  accounted  for)  by  Captains  Mc- 
Dougall,  Evans,  Bracken,  McKenzie,  May,  Carey  and  Hull,  whose  com 
panies  had  been  in  whole,  or  in  part,  transported. 

The  citizens  of  Madison  merited  and  received  the  thanks  of  the  troops 
for  their  kindness  to  them  while  quartered  there. 

The  duties  of  this  office,  as  may  be  inferred  from  the  foregoing,  have 
employed  all  my  time  during  the  greater  part  of  the  past  year,  and  that 
my  duties  and  compensation  may  be  seen,  attention  is  asked  to  the  follow 
ing  section  of  the  militia  law  of  1831 : 

"Sec.  84.  The  Adjutant-General  shall  keep  his  office  at  the  seat  of 
government,  and  shall  keep  a  fair  record  of  all  orders  and  communications 
which  he  may  from  time  to  time  receive  from  the  Commander-in-Chief,  as 
well  as  of  requisitions  by  him  made  for  commissions  upon  the  Secretary  of 
State,  and  of  all  other  business  transacted  in  his  office.  He  shall  also  re 
ceive  from  officers  commanding  divisions,  annual  returns  of  the  strength  of 
the  militia,  and  lay  the  same  before  the  Commander-in-Chief  on  or  before 
the  first  day  of  December,  and  transmit  under  the  direction  of  the  Com 
mander-in-Chief,  a  duplicate  to  the  Secretary  of  War  for  the  United  States, 
and  a  copy  thereof  to  each  branch  of  the  General  Assembly.  He  shall  be 
allowed  an  annual  salary  of  one  hundred  dollars." 

It  is  seen  by  the  above  law,  passed  in  time  of  peace,  when  our  popula 
tion  was  less  than  half  its  present  number,  and  evidently  not  intended  for 
the  present  state  of  things,  that  the  Adjutant-General  is  compelled  to  keep 
an  office  at  the  seat  of  government,  but  while  other  State  officers  are  either 
furnished  with  offices,  or  means  to  hire  suitable  ones,  he  has  to  hire  his  from 
his  own  pocket.  He  gets  no  fees  or  perquisites.  He  has  no  clerk  nor  other 
assistance,  save  at  his  own  expense.  He  has  during  the  past  year  paid  for 
the  fuel  and  lights  and  a  portion  of  the  stationery  used  in  his  office,  and  the 
State  has  not  been  taxed  with  one  cent  for  furniture.  The  following  state 
ment  shows  his  expense  for  office  rent,  fuel,  lights,  stationery,  and  also 
while  absent  with  the  Fourth  and  Fifth  Regiments  in  1847  : 

Office  rent $43.33 

Fuel,  lights  and  the  stationery  by  him  furnished 28.75 

Expenses  while  absent  organizing  the  Fourth  Regiment 56.00 

Expenses  while  absent  organizing  the  Fifth  Regiment 69.00 

Total    $197.08 

Salary    100.00 

Amount  paid  out  over  salary $97.08 

Having  learned  that  under  a  law  of  Congress  extra  expenses  incurred  by 
states  in  raising  troops  for  the  service  in  Mexico,  has  been  paid  by  the 
general  government,  a  correspondence  with  the  Secretary  of  War,  hereunto 
appended,  was  had  on  the  subject,  to  which  your  attention  is  respectfully 

Your  obedient  servant, 

Adjutant-General  Indiana  Militia. 



WAR  DEPARTMENT,  April  19,  1847. 

SIR — The  President  has  directed  that  a  volunteer  force  be  accepted  for 
the  war  with  Mexico,  in  addition  to  those'  already  in  service.  As  it  is 
desirable  that  no  time  should  be  lost  in  raising  this  additional  force,  it  is 
proposed  to  accept  and  muster  the  volunteers  by  companies.  Your  Excel 
lency  is  therefore  requested  to  cause  to  be  organized  in  your  State  ten  com 
panies  of  infantry  to  serve  for  during  the  war  with  Mexico,  unless  sooner 
discharged.  Each  company  will  consist  of  1  captain,  1  first  lieutenant,  2 
second  lieutenants,  4  sergeants.  4  corporals,  2  musicians  and  80  privates. 
A  regiment  will  consist  of  1  colonel.  1  lieutenant-colonel,  1  major,  1  ad 
jutant  (a  lieutenant  of  one  of  the  companies,  but  not  in  addition),  1  ser 
geant-major.  1  quartermaster-sergeant.  2  principal  musicians  and  10  com 
panies.  Should  the  number  of  companies  here  called  for  be  raised,  they 
will  at  once  be  organized  into  a  regiment,  and  your  Excellency  is  re 
quested  to  commission  the  field  and  company  officers.  It  may  become  neces 
sary  to  order  the  several  companies  to  the  scene  of  action  as  fast  as  they 
are  raised  and  mustered  into  service,  in  which  case  they  would  be  organ 
ized  into  battalions  and  regiments  on  reaching  the  place  of  destination. 

Some  convenient  point  on  the  Ohio  is  suggested  as  the  place  of  ren 
dezvous  for  the  several  companies  as  fast  as  they  shall  be  organized, 
where  they  will  be  inspected  and  mustered  into  service  by  an  officer  or  of 
ficers  of  the  United  States  Army,  who  will  in  every  case  be  instructed  to 
receive  no  man  who  is  in  years  apparently  over  forty-five  or  under  eighteen, 
or  who  is  not  of  physical  strength  and  vigor.  To  this  end  the  inspector  will 
be  accompanied  by  a  medical  officer  of  the  army,  and  the  volunteers  will 
be  submitted  to  his  examination. 

As  all  the  field  and  company  officers,  with  volunteers  taken  into  the 
service  of  the  United  States,  under  the  act  of  13th  May,  1846,  a  copy  of 
which  is  enclosed,  must  be  appointed  and  commissioned,  or  such  as  have 
been  appointed  and  commissioned,  in  accordance  with  the  laws  of  the 
State  from  whence  they  are  taken,  I  beg  to  suggest  the  extreme  importance 
to  the  public  service  that  the  officers  for  the  additional  force  herewith 
requested,  be  judiciously  selected. 

The  law  provides  for  the  pay.  clothing  (in  money)  and  subsistence  to 
the  non-commissioned  officers,  musicians  and  privates  of  volunteers  when 
received  into  the  service  of  the  United  States. 

In  respect  to  clothing,  the  law  requires  that  the  volunteers  shall  fur 
nish  their  own  clothing,  for  which  purpose  it  allows  to  each  non-commis 
sioned  officer,  musician  and  private,  three  dollars  and  fifty  cents  per  month 
during  the  time  he  shall  be  in  the  service  of  the  United  States.  In  order 
that  the  volunteers  who  shall  be  mustered  into  service  under  this  requisi 
tion  may  be  enabled  to  provide  themselves  with  good  and  sufficient  cloth 
ing,  the  commutation  allowance  for  six  months  (twenty-one  dollars)  will  be 
advanced  to  each  non-commissioned  officer,  musician  and  private,  after 
being  mustered  into  service,  but  only  with  the  express  condition  that  the 
volunteer  has  already  furnished  himself  with  six  months  clothing— this 
fact  to  be  certified  to  the  paymaster  by  the  captain  of  the  company  or 
that  the  amount  thus  advanced  shall  be  applied,  under  the  supervision  of 


his  captain,  to  the  object  contemplated  by  law.  In  this  latter  case  the  ad 
vance  commutation  for  clothing  will  be  paid  on  the  captain's  certificate 
that  he  is  satisfied  it  will  be  so  applied. 

In  respect  to  subsistence  before  arriving  at  the  place  of  rendezvous, 
and  for  traveling  home  from  the  place  of  discharge,  the  allowance  is  fifty 
cents  for  every  twenty  miles  distance. 

•  The  proper  officers  of  the  Staff  Departments  will  be  immediately  sent 
to  the  place  of  rendezvous  with  funds  to  defray  the  necessary  expenses 
which  may  be  incurred,  agreeable  to  law. 

Very  respectfully,  your  obedient  servant, 

W.  L.  MARCY, 
Secretary  of  War. 

His  Excellency  James  Whitcomb,  Governor  of  Indiana,  Indianapolis, 


Neiv  Albany  Democrat,  December  2,  18JfJ. 

To  the  Adjutant-General,  United  States  Army,  Washington,  D.  C. : 

SIR — I  have  the  honor  to  make  the  following  report  of  an  engagement 
between  a  part  of  my  forces  and  the  enemy  under  the  command  of  General 
Santa  Ana,  at  the  City  of  Iluamantla.  on  the  9th  inst.  After  my  depar 
ture  from  Vera  Cruz  and  when  near  the  San  Juan  river,  a  party  of  guer- 
rilas  was  observed  near  the  hacienda  of  Santa  Ana.  Captain  Lewis's  com 
pany  of  mounted  volunteers  was  despatched  in  pursuit.  A  portion  of  the 
command  of  Lieutenant  Lilly  came  upon  the  enemy  and  had  a  smart 
skirmish  with  them.  Lieutenant  Lilly  behaved  in  a  most  gallant  manner, 
rallying  and  encouraging  his  men  under  a  severe  fire.  Fpon  leaving  Paso 
de  Obejas  the  rear  guard  was  fired  upon  by  some  small  guerrilla  forces, 
and  I  regret  to  announce  the  death  of  Lieutenant  Cline,  who  was  shot.  He 
is  reported  to  have  been  a  most  active  and  energetic  young  officer,  belonging 
to  Captain  Lewis's  company  of  Louisiana  mounted  volunteers.  At  various 
points  on  the  road  rumors  reached  me  that  a  large  force  was  concentrating 
between  Terote  and  Puebla.  These  rumors  were  confirmed  upon  my  arrival 
at  the  former  place,  and  I  also  received  the  additional  intelligence  that 
Santa  Ana  in  person  commanded  them,  having  about  four  thousand  men 
and  six  pieces  of  artillery.  No  molestation  occurred  until  my  arrival  at 
the  hacienda  San  Antonio  Tamaril,  at  which  place,  through  the  medium  of 
spies,  I  learned  that  the  enemy  were  at  the  city  of  Huamantla. 

Leaving  my  train  pack  at  the  former  place  guarded  by  Colonel 
Brough's  regiment  of  Ohio  Volunteers,  Captain  Simons's  battalion  of  three 
companies,  and  Lieutenant  Pratt's  battery,  my  force  consisting  of  Colonel 
Wynkoop's  battalion  from  Perote,  Colonel  Gorman's  regiment  of  volunteers, 
Captain  Ileintzleman's  battalion  of  six  companies,  Major  Lilly's  regiment 
of  four  companies  of  mounted  men,  under  command  of  Captain  Samuel 
Walker,  and  five  pieces  of  artillery  under  command  of  Captain  George 
Taylor,  Third  Artillery  On  arriving  near  the  city  at  about  one  o'clock 


p.  in.,  Captain  Walker,  commanding  the  advance  guard  of  horsemen,  was 
ordered  to  move  forward  ahead  of  the  column  (but  within  supporting  dis 
tance)  to  the  entrance  to  the  city,  and  if  the  enemy  were  in  force  to  await 
the  arrival  of  the  infantry  before  entering. 

When  within  about  three  miles,  parties  of  horsemen  being  seen  making 
their  way  through  the  fields  toward  the  city.  Captain  Walker  commanded 
a  "gallop,"  but  owing  to  the  thick  magua  bushes  lining  the  sides  of  the  road 
it  was  impossible  to  distinguish  his  further  movements.  But  a  short  time 
had  elapsed  when  firing  was  heard  from  the  city;  the  firing  continuing, 
the  column  pressed  forward  as  rapidly  as  possible.  At  this  time  a  body  of 
about  two  thousand  lancers  was  seen  hurrying  over  the  hills  toward  the  city. 
I  directed  Colonel  Gorman  of  the  Fourth  Indiana  to  advance  toward  and 
enter  the  west  side  of  the  city,  while  Colonel  Wynkoop's  battalion  with 
the  artillery  moved  towards  the  east  side,  Captain  Heintzleman  moving  on 
his  right  and  Major  Lilly  constituting  the  reserve. 

Upon  arriving  at  the  entrance  to  the  city  Captain  Walker  discovered 
the  main  body  of  the  enemy  in  the  plaza  (about  300  in  number),  and  or 
dered  a  "charge."  A  hand-to-hand  conflict  took  place  between  the  forces, 
but  so  resolute  was  the  charge  that  the  enemy  was  obliged  to  give  way. 
being  driven  from  their  guns.  They  were  pursued  by  our  dragoons  for 
some  distance,  but  the  pursuit  was  checked  by  the  arrival  of  their  rein 
forcements.  Colonel  Gorman's  regiment  upon  arriving  at  the  entrance  of 
the  city  at  about  the  same  time  of  the  reinforcements  of  the  enemy,  opened 
a  well-directed  fire  which  succeeded  in  routing  them.  With  the  left  wing 
of  his  regiment  he  proceeded  in  person  toward  the  upper  part  of  the  town 
where  the  enemy  still  were  and  succeeded  in  dispersing  them.  Colonel 
Wynkoop's  command  with  the  battery  assumed  their  position,  but  before 
they  were  within  range  the  enemy  fled  in  haste ;  the  same  occurred  with 
Captain  Heiutzleman's  command.  The  enemy  entering  the  town  became 
somewhat  scattered.  Major  Lilly  proceeded  across  the  fields  to  cut  off  his 
rear  and  intercept  his  retreat.  This  movement  not  being  perceived,  I  or 
dered  him  to  advance  toward  the  town,  thus  depriving  him  unintention 
ally  of  an  opportunity  of  doing  good  service.  Captain  Walker's  force  had 
been  engaged  some  three-quarters  of  an  hour  before  the  infantry  arrived 
to  his  support.  He  succeeded  in  capturing  two  pieces  of  artillery  from  the 
enemy,  but  was  not  able  to  use  them  owing  to  the  want  of  priming  tubes, 
although  every  effort  was  made. 

On  this  occasion  every  officer  and  soldier  behaved  with  the  utmost  cool 
ness,  and  my  warmest  thanks  are  due  them.  Colonel  Gorman,  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  Dumont  and  Major  McCoy  of  the  Indiana  Regiment ;  Colonel  Wyn- 
koop  of  the  Pennsylvania  Volunteers,  Major  Lilly  and  Captain  Heiutzleman 
rendered  me  the  most  efficient  service  by  their  promptness  in  carrying  into 
execution  my  orders.  To  Surgeons  Reynolds  and  Lamar  the  highest  com 
mendations  are  due,  joining  as  they  did  in  the  charge  of  the  cavalry.  Sur 
geon  Reynolds,  side  by  side  with  Captain  Walker,  rushed  on  the  enemy's 
line,  and  after  the  conflict  was  ended,  rendered  professional  services  to  the 
wounded,  promptly  performing  amputations  and  other  surgical  operations 
on  the  field  of  battle.  Lieutenant  Claiborue  of  the  Mounted  Riflemen  cap 
tured  a  six-pounder  in  a  gallant  manner,  while  Captain  Fitzhuman  of  Com 
pany  C,  Mounted  Riflemen,  captured  a -mountain  howitzer.  Corporal  Til- 


man  is  highly  spoken  of  by  all.  Lieutenant  Anderson  of  the  Georgia  Volun 
teers  succeeded  in  capturing  Colonel  LaVega  and  Major  Iturbide,  narrowly 
escaping  with  his  life.  The  cavalry  was  much  exposed  and  behaved  with 
all  the  bravery  that  characterize  American  soldiers  on  every  occasion  of 
danger.  My  thanks  are  due  to  the  members  of  my  staff  present  for  their 
thoughtfulness  in  serving  me. 

Captain  Desancon,  with  his  command  of  Mounted  Louisiana  Volunteers, 
in  following  the  command  of  Captain  Walker,  was  separated  by  a  large 
body  of  lancers  from  the  remainder  of  the  squadron,  but  gallantly  succeeded 
in  cutting  his  way  through  them ;  Lieutenant  Henderson  of  the  Louisiana 
Volunteers  was  acting  as  one  of  my  aides. 

The  colors  of  the  Fourth  Indiana  were  planted  on  the  arsenal  the  mo 
ment  the  enemy  were  routed.  This  victory  is  saddened  by  the  death  of  one  of 
the  most  chivalric  and  noble-hearted  men  that  graced  the  profession  of  arms, 
Captain  Samuel  II.  Walker  of  the  Mounted  Riflemen,  foremost  in  the  ad 
vance  ;  he  had  routed  the  enemy  when  he  fell  mortally  wounded.  In  his 
death  the  service  has  met  with  a  loss  that  cannot  easily  be  repaired.  Our 
total  loss  is  thirteen  killed  and  eleven  wounded.  We  succeeded  in  captur 
ing  one  six-pounder  brass  gun  and  one  mountain  howitzer,  both  mounted, 
together  with  a  large  quantity  of  ammunition  and  wagons,  which  I  was 
compelled  to  destroy.  The  enemy's  loss  was  about  one  hundred  and  fifty. 
I  must  beg  leave  to  further  mention  Lieutenant  B.  P.  McDonald,  Third  Ar 
tillery,  who  was  sent  with  an  order  into  the  town  previous  to  my  entrance, 
accompanied  by  Mr.  Bradley  of  the  Quartermaster  Department;  he  was 
surrounded  by  lancers  but  succeeded  in  escaping. 

I  have  the  honor  to  be,  sir, 

Respectfully,  your  most  obedient  servant, 

JOSEPH  LANE,  Brigadier-General. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  December  2,  1847. 

We  embrace  the  earliest  opportunity  to  lay  before  our  readers  the  in 
teresting  reports  of  General  Lane.  They  will  be  read  with  interest  by  all 
who  regard  the  honor  of  our  State  and  the  fame  of  our  soldiers,  and  will 
show  to  the  world  that  Indiana,  notwithstanding  she  has  been  belied  and 
misrepresented  by  officers  high  in  rank,  can  send  into  the  field  men  who  will 
suffer  in  comparison  with  none.  It  will  be  noted  that  Captain  Ford,  whose 
company  was  raised  principally  in  this  city,  is  spoken  of  in  flattering  terms. 
We  may  mention  here  that  we  learn  from  another  source  that  Eli  Stewart, 
of  Captain  Ford's  company,  was  wounded  during  the  siege  of  Puebla,  and 
that  in  the  battle  of  Atlixco,  Bernard  Rork  was  mortally  wounded,  since 
dead;  Matthew  Rautter,  slightly;  Josiah  Corwin,  severely;  all  three  of 
whom  were  attached  to  or  serving  with  Captain  Ford's  Company  D,  Third 


Indiana  Sentinel,  December  9,  1847. 

PUEBLA,  November  1,  1847. 

EDITOR  SENTINEL — As  we  have  a  short  space  of  rest  after  our  long  and 
tiresome  march  from  Vera  Cruz  here  (if  rest  it  may  be  called  that  is  broken 
by  calls  to  scouting  parties,  picket  guard,  patrols,  etc.).  1  will  try  and  re 
deem  my  promise  of  writing  to  you  at  the  earliest  opportunity.  * 
Our  climate  here  is  fine.  Our  only  complaint  can  be  that  it  is  too  cold  in 
the  nights.  The  middle  of  the  day  is  like  your  October.  The  rainy  season 
being  over,  we  are  not  troubled  with  rain  nor  with  dust,  the  paved  streets 
affording  none. 

The  young  men  from  Indianapolis,  in  the  Marion  Infantry,  are  all  well 
excepting  Andrew  Wells,  who  goes  home  discharged.  Those  from  the 
country  who  landed  with  us  at  Vera  Cruz  are  all  well  but  tired  from  their 
long  march.  Young  Brady  and  the  young  men  from  his  neighborhood  are 
in  good  health  and  spirits.  Lieutenant  Pillbean,  from  your  place,  has 
proved  himself  an  active  and  efficient  officer.  Both  he  and  Lieutenant 
Lewis  Holmes,  as  well  as  all  the  company,  behaved  with  great  credit  at 
the  battle  of  Huamautla,  a  detailed  and  official  account  of  which  you  must 
have  with  you  before  this.  In  fact  every  time  when  it  was  supposed  they 
would  meet  the  enemy  (which  was  often  in  the  course  of  the  march),  they 
marched  the  quicker  for  the  news  and  when  drawn  up  in  line  of  battle, 
they  were  impatient  for  the  attack. 

At  this  place  they  rushed  at  the  town  in  a  perfect  race,  though  expect 
ing  a  desperate  defense,  and  at  Atlixco  kept  close  to  the  cavalry  in  a  run 
ning  fight  of  five  miles.  Every  friend  of  the  Marion  company  may  well  be 
proud  of  the  manner  in  which  every  soldier  but  one  of  that  company  has 
borne  himself,  during  the  whole  of  this  campaign.  They  have  undergone 
all  the  privations  and  fatigues  of  a  long  forced  march  through  heat  and 
rain  and  cold  without  tents  to  shelter  them.  Without  a  murmur  they 
fought  with  credit  and  in  no  one  instance  has  a  single  member  of  the  com 
pany  been  charged  with  an  outrage  or  a  theft  since  they  have  been  in  the 

EDWARD   LANDER,   Captain. 

Madison  Banner,  December  8,  i<S^7. 

We  learn  that  John  A.  Markley.  of  this  city,  Second  Lieutenant  Six 
teenth  U.  S.  Infantry,  has  been  appointed  quartermaster  to  Colonel  Tib- 
batts's  regiment  now  stationed  at  Monterey,  Mexico.  A  good  appointment. 

MEXICO,  DECEMBER  9,  1847. 

At  a  meeting  of  the  officers  of  the  army  at  Puebla,  Lieutenant-Colonel 
Moore  of  the  Fourth  Ohio  was  called  to  the  chair,  and  Captain  A.  L.  Mason 
of  the  Fourth  Indiana  was  requested  to  act  as  secretary.  Colonel  Gorman 


of  the  Fourth  Indian:!,  being  called  upon,  explained  the  object  of  the  meet 

Colonel  Brough,  of  the  Fourth  Ohio,  being  called  upon,  read  an  ad 
dress  which.  niK)ii  motion  of  Lieutenant  Douglass,  was  adopted  as  the 
sentiments  of  this  meeting. 

On  motion  of  Lieutenant  Douglass  it  was  resolved  that  Lieutenant 
Whipple,  Assistant  Adjutant-General,  be  requested  to  furnish  a  commit 
tee  appointed  by  this  meeting  composed  of  Lieutenants  B.  F.  McDonald,  S. 
W.  Waters  and  Alexander  Hays,  with  a  statement  of  the  conversation  be 
tween  himself  and  the  Prefect  of  Puebla  this  day. 

On  motion  of  Colonel  Gorman,  it  was  resolved  that  a  copy  of  the  article 
read  by  Colonel  Brough,  signed  by  the  officers  present  oe  furnished  Com 
mander-General  Joseph  Lane. 

On  motion  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  Dumont.  it  was  resolved  that  Colonel 
Gorman,  Colonel  Brough,  Captain  Lewis  and  Captain  Kessler  be  appointed 
a  committee  to  obtain  a  medal  and  present  the  same  to  Brigadier-General 
Joseph  Lane  in  the  name  of  the  officers  of  his  brigade. 

On  motion  of  Colonel  Brough,  Lieutenant-Colonel  Dumont  was  added  to 
the  committee. 

On  motion  of  Lieutenant  S.  W.  AVaters,  it  was  resolved  that  the  pro 
ceedings  of  this  meeting,  being  signed  by  its  officers,  be  published  in  the 
papers  generally  of  the  United  States.  After  some  most  happy  remarks 
by  Colonel  Brough,  Colonel  Gorman,  Lieutenant-Colonel  Dumont  and  others, 
the  meeting  adjourned. 

Indiana  Sentinel,  December  1  'j.  i,S/7. 

PUEBLA,  MEXICO,  November  4,  1847. 

EDITORS  OF  THE  SENTINEL — The  fragments  of  the  grand  army  which 
Santa  Anna  had  collected  for  the  defense  of  the  capital  and  which  General 
Scott  by  the  explosive  force  of  his  cannon  had  scattered  to  the  four  winds 
of  heaven,  were  disposed  to  question  the  right  of  General  Lane  to  advance 
with  his  brigade  upon  that  city.  For  this  purpose  they  had  collected  at  a 
city  of  about  12,000  inhabitants  called  Huamantla,  situated  a  little  north  of 
the  main  route  and  about  half  way  between  Perote  and  this  place,  to  the 
number  of  some  5,000  or  6,000  troops,  consisting  of  lancers,  infantry  and 
six  brass  six-pounders.  The  existence  of  this  force  and  their  hostile  in 
tention  toward  us,  was  ascertained  upon  good  authority  several  days  pre 
vious  to  the  9th  of  October.  On  the  morning  of  that  day  General  Lane, 
being  within  ten  miles  of  the  city  of  Huamantla,  and  neither  having  the 
fear  of  Santa  Anna  before  his  eyes  nor  believing  in  the  doctrine  of  "stop 
page  in  transitu,"  took  with  him  the  gallant  Fourth  Indianians  under  Colo 
nel  Gorman,  Major  Lally's  command,  Colonel  Wyncoop's  Pennsylvania  regi 
ment,  Pratt's  and  Taylor's  batteries  and  Walker's  Dragoons,  leaving  the 
Ohio  regiment  to  protect  the  train,  provisions  and  wagons;  about  2,000 
men,  good  and  true,  to  try  the  issue,  and  it  being  an  issue  of  fact  and  not 
of  law,  each  party  prepared  to  put  themselves  "upon  the  country,"  Walker's 
Dragoons  in  advance,  followed  close  by  the  Indiana  regiment.  The 
Dragoons,  with  Walker  at  their  head,  entered  the  city  as  a  whirlwind 
enters  the  forest,  driving  the  lancers  before  them  and  taking  their  cannon, 


but  owing  to  their  small  numbers  (only  about  270  strong),  and  having  to 
fire  in  advance  of  the  infantry  to  be  supported  by  them,  the  Mexicans  re 
covered  some  of  their  cannon  and  killed  the  brave  and  impetuous  Walker. 

The  Indiana  regiment,  led  by  its  brave  Colonel,  rushing  forward  in 
full  view,  had  now  gained  the  city,  and  discovering  the  critical  position  of 
Walker's  command,  threw  themselves  with  resistless  force  upon  the  enemy, 
and,  "like  the  ocean's  mighty  swing,  when  heaving  to  the  tempest's  wing, 
they  hurled  them  on  the  foe."  The  fire  of  their  musketry  swept  every 
street,  avenue  and  square  and  reverberated  like  distant  thunder  through 
the  ancient  arches  of  the  city.  It  was  close,  deadly  and  decisive,  columns 
of  the  lancers  disappearing  before  it  like  smoke  before  the  tempest,  and  in 
half  an  hour  not  an  armed  "Mexican  was  to  be  found.  The  brave  Indi- 
aniaus  were  the  "first  to  place  their  flag  upon  the  arsenal  and  tear  down 
that  of  the  enemy. 

The  capture  of  Major  Iturbide  and  Colonel  La  Vega,  the  destruction 
of  several  wagon  loads  of  powder,  the  capture  of  large  quantities  of  mules, 
provisions  and  clothing,  and  the  entire  rout  of  the  Mexican  forces  as 
sembled  here,  are  the  results  of  this  action,  an  action  in  which  the  chiv 
alry,  courage,  discipline  and  steadfastness  of  the  gallant  Fourth  Indiana 
was  placed  in  bold  relief  and  the  stigma  of  falsehood,  envy  and  detraction 
forever  placed  upon  their  slanderers :  an  action  in  which  the  whole  world 
will  see.  beyond  a  doubt,  that  the  brigade  of  General  Lane  at  large,  and 
the  Fourth  Indiana  in  particular,  are  determined  to  go  ahead  and  not  be 
lieve  in  the  doctrine  of  "stoppage  in  transitu." 



Indiana  Sentinel,  December  l'f.  IS-fr. 

XEW  ORLEANS.  November  27,  1847. 

EDITOR  SEXTIXEL — Colonel  Barney's  train,  with  which  I  traveled  from 
the  city  of  Puebla,  Mexico,  to  Vera  Cruz,  left  Puebla  on  the  6th  inst,  at 
which  time,  I  regret  to  inform  you,  Major  McCoy  of  the  Fourth  Indiana 
Volunteers,  was  at  that  place  dangerously  ill.  His  recovery  was  thought 
to  be  impossible.  The  health  of  the  army  is  generally  good.  Things  en 
tirely  quiet  at  the  City  of  Mexico,  as  on  the  whole  line  from  that  place  to 
Vera  Cruz.  Respectfully  yours. 

First  Lieutenant  Company  D.  Third  Dragoons. 


Indiana  Journal.  December  21.  1SJ7. 

We  learn  from  a  letter  written  by  John  Young  to  his  father  in  this 
city,  dated  Vera  Cruz  the  24th  ult..  that  the  Fifth  Regiment  have  arrived 
at  that  place  in  safety,  although  they  came  very  near  being  cast  away  in 
consequence  of  a  norther. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  December  23,  1847- 

Lieutenant  R.  Schoonover,  Company  D,  Third  Dragoons  (Captain 
Ford),  arrived  in  this  city  yesterday.  Lieutenant  Schoonover  is  ordered 
home  on  recruiting  service,  and  we  learn  that  he  intends  to  open  a  recruit 
ing  station  at  Vincennes.  The  Lieutenant  bore  himself  gallantly  in  the 
fierce  conflicts  of  National  Bridge,  Huamantla  and  Atlixco.  He  is  every 
where  a  favorite  with  the  soldiers  and  this  will  be  an  excellent  opportunity 
for  young  men  wishing  to  enter  the  dragoon  service. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  December  25,  1847. 

VEBA  CRUZ,  Nov.  18,  1847. 

EDITOR  SENTINEL — I  have  but  a  moment  to  say  a  word  before  the  mail 
closes.  Our  regiment  has  arrived  and  is  encamped  on  a  beautiful  grassy 
plain  about  a  mile  above  the  city.  We  have  come  in  an  unprecedented 
time.  On  our  arrival  at  New  Orleans  we  were  immediately  placed  on  sea 
transports  and  left  on  the  15th,  being  just  two  weeks  from  the  time  we  left 
Madison.  The  health  of  the  troops  is  good,  particularly  of  the  Center 
Guards.  The  train  from  the  City  of  Mexico  arrived  about  two  days  since 
with  a  large  number  of  the  wounded  in  the  recent  battles  near  the  city. 
Lieutenant  Van  Kuren's  wound  is  represented  as  being  more  serious  than 
was  expected.  He  has  lost  the  entire  use  of  his  leg.  He  will  probably  re 
main  here  for  two  or  three  weeks. 

The  ship  of  war,  John  Adams,  is  lying  under  the  walls  of  the  castle, 
but  I  have  not  had  time  to  go  over  and  see  whether  your  son  is  aboard.  I 
will  go  in  a  day  or  two. 

In  haste,  your  friend, 



Indiana  Sentinel,  December  25,  1847. 

We  copy  the  following  notice  of  General  Lane  from  the  New  Orleans 
Delta  of  the  9th  ultimo: 

"We  have  heard  from  persons  \vho  were  in  his  train  that  General 
Lane  is  one  of  the  most  energetic,  pushing,  indomitable  generals  that  ever 
led  a  column  through  a  hostile  country.  No  fatigue  can  weary,  no  danger 
appal,  no  labor  weaken  his  energy.  He  scattered  the  guerillas  on  his  route 
with  the  ease  of  a  man  brushing  mosquitoes  from  his  face,  cleared  his 
front  and  flanks  in  either  direction,  defeating  the  enemy  in  several  severe 
skirmishes,  and  entering  Puebla,  restored  order  and  quiet  in  the  town  and 
relieved  our  hard-pressed  garrison  in  the  fort.  A  gentleman  who  accom 
panied  General  Lane  some  distance  on  his  route  says  he  has  one  great 
fault,  and  that  is  that  he  never  sleeps  himself  and  seems  to  forget  that 


other  people  are  not  as  happily  constituted  in  that  respect  as  he  is ;  that 
on  the  march  he  dispenses  with  the  drums  altogether  and  uses  the  crowing 
of  the  cock  as  his  reveille." 


Indiana  Sentinel,  January  1,  1848. 

One  of  the  first  duties  performed  by  General  Lane  a'fter  landing  at 
Vera  Cruz  was  to  preside  at  a  court-martial  appointed  to  try  a  young  man 
from  Louisville  for  the  killing  of  a  corporal  of  one  of  the  returning  regi 
ments  at  a  fandango.  The  name  of  the  party  is  not  given.  The  court  con 
sisted  of  Colonel  Lane,  president;  Colonel  Cheatham,  Lieutenant-Colonel 
Whitfield,  Major  Ward,  Captain  Hull,  Captain  McDougall,  judge  advocate. 
Colonel  Thompson  and  Captain  Heady  acted  as  counsel  for  the  accused. 
We  have  not  yet  learned  the  result  of  the  trial. 


Indiana  Journal,  January  5,  1848. 

We  are  happy  to  find  a  contradiction  of  the  report  in  reference  to 
General  Lane's  leaving  Vera  Cruz  with  barely  sufficient  ammunition  to  last 
him  to  the  National  Bridge,  and  having  to  detail  a  portion  of  his  force  to 
send  back  for  more.  We  could  never  bring  ourselves  to  believe  this  re 
port  reflecting  so  much  dishonor  upon  the  military  capacities  of  General 
Lane,  although  it  has  gone  uncontradicted  to  the  present  time. 

Captain  R.  M.  Evans  of  the  Fifth  Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers 
writes  to  the  Evansville  Journal  from  Vera  Cruz  and  gives  the  whole  par 
ticulars  of  the  transaction  upon  which  the  report  was  predicated,  and 
clearly  exonerates  General  Lane  from  all  censure.  In  fact,  there  is  not  a 
word  of  truth  in  the  whole  story,  with  the  exception  of  the  detail  of  a  por 
tion  of  his  men  at  the  National  Bridge  to  send  back  to  Vera  Cruz,  but  in 
stead  of  sending  them  for  ammunition,  General  Lane  sent  them  as  an 
escort  to  an  unprotected  downward  train,  which  he  had  met  at  the  former 
place,  and  which  was  going  to  Vera  Cruz  after  provisions  to  relieve  the  be 
sieged  garrisons  at  Perote,  Jalapa  and  Puebla.  General  Lane  started  from 
Vera  Cruz  with  2,100  men  and  ample  provisions  to  last  them  clear  through 
Mexico.  He  also  had  four  wagons  loaded  with  ammunition,  besides  forty 
rounds  carried  by  each  soldier. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  January  5,  1848. 

A  private  letter  from  General  Joseph  Lane,  dated  Puebla,  says : 
"Major  McCoy  has  recovered  his  health  and  is  now  able  to  do  duty  This 
will  be  pleasant  news  to  the  Major's  friends." 



Indiana  Sentinel,  January  18,  1848. 

Some  of  the  boys  about  town  occasionally  ask  us  if  we  have  heard 
from  George  since  he  sailed.  We  have  at  length  got  a  letter  from  him 
\vhich  we  publish  below.  He  also  sent  another  to  his  mother,  in  which  he 
thinks  he  shall  come  home  in  two  or  three  years  to  see  how  we  all  get 
along.  He  will  see  a  great  change  by  that  time  and  will  mid  that  he  can 
recollect  the  men  better  than  the  boys.  In  one  of  his  earlier  letters  he 
expressed  a  dislike  to  the  discipline  of  the  ship  and  the  unpleasant  duties 
to  be  performed  at  night  as  well  as  in  the  day,  and  the  severity  of  the  first 
lieutenant  especially.  He  thinks  better  of  it  now,  as  we  wrote  him  he 
would.  Boys,  as  well  as  men,  can  get  used  to  almost  anything  if  they  try, 
even,  perhaps,  the  slaying  of  a  Mexican  in  their  old  age. 

OFF  VERA  CRUZ,  MEXICO,  Dec.  15,  1847. 

DEAR  FATHER — We  arrived  here  today  all  well,  and  the  letter  bag  came 
on  board  in  which  I  received  two  letters  from  you  and  mother  dated  Octo 
ber  29th  and  November  5th.  It  has  been  forty-two  days  since  we  left  Nor 
folk  for  this  post.  We  made  Chagres  (Isthmus  of  Darien)  on  the  20th  of 
November.  We  had  a  norther  on  the  12th  and  I  was  a  little  sick,  but  I 
have  not  been  on  the  sick  list  since  I  have  been  out,  which  cannot  be  said 
of  many  midshipmen.  This  is  a  very  fertile  looking  country  about  here. 
We  saw  land  about  6  o'clock  this  morning  and  hove  to  about  1  o'clock. 
We  saw  Mount  Orizimbo  in  all  its  glory,  with  its  snow-covered  top.  We 
are  anchored  about  four  miles  from  the  city  at  Sacrificio,  a  small  island, 
but  this  will  not  be  our  permanent  anchorage.  I  suppose  the  Commodore 
will  take  us  for  his  flagship.  There  is  one  British,  one  French,  one  Span 
ish  and  an  American  brig,  one  American  steamer  and  a  sloop  lying  close  by. 

I  do  not  think  any  more  about  resigning.  I  am  pleased  with  a  sea  life 
as  well  as  I  expected.  I  am  very  well  pleased  with  the  officers  and  like 
the  first  lieutenant  very  well. 

One  of  the  greatest  difficulties  is  that  we  cannot  get  enough  to  eat.  I 
think  we  will  have  to  draw  our  rations  down  here,  but  I  would  rather  live 
on  my  rations  than  what  we  now  get.  There  is  plenty  of  oranges,  bananas 
and  pineapples  here.  I  do  not  know  whether  I  shall  get  to  go  ashore  for  the 
present  or  not.  Excuse  my  bad  writing.  I  have  just  come  off  of  watch 
and  it  is  now  half  after  1  o'clock.  The  steamer  leaves  early  this  morning. 
Give  my  love  to  all  Your  affectionate  son, 

G.  H.  CHAPMAN.* 

*Civil  War  record:  Major  Third  Indiana  Cavalry,  November  7,  1861;  promoted  Lieuten 
ant-Colonel,  October  25,  1862;  promoted  Colonel,  March  12,  1863;  promoted  Brigadier-Gen 
eral  Volunteers,  July  21,  1864;*  breveted  Major-General. 


Madison  Banner,  January  19,  1848. 

In  behalf  of  the  officers  and  privates  of  Captain  Lewis's  company  of 
volunteers,  the  undersigned  returns  his  earnest  and  sincere  thanks  to  the 
Madison  Bible  Society  for  their  very  appropriate  and  praiseworthy  dona 
tion  of  some  four  dozen  testaments  designed  for  distribution  among  the 
soldiers  of  that  company. 

ALBERT  W.  WEST.  Sergeant. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  January  25,  1848. 

Among  the  distinguished  men  now  in  the  city  are  the  following  officers 
of  the  army:  Captain  Cochran,  a  veteran  of  the  last  war  and  now  on  re 
cruiting  service  for  the  Fourth  Regiment  Indiana  Volunteers;  Captain 
Ford  of  the  U.  S.  Dragoons,  who  is  also  a  veteran  of  the  last  war,  and 
who  recently  did  such  good  service  at  the  siege  of  Puebla  under  Colonel 
Childs.  Captain  Ford  wants  a  few  suitable  riders  for  the  Dragoon  service 
and  we  have  no  doubt  he  will  get  them,  especially  if  there  is  a  chance  of 
serving  under  his  immediate  command.  The  Captain  has  seen  his  share  of 
hard  service  and  knows  how  to  take  care  of  his  men.  Last,  but  not  least, 
Captain  Van  Buren  of  the  Mounted  Riflemen.  This  gallant  gentleman  is 
still  suffering  from  the  wound  he  received  at  the  battle  of  Contreras  on 
the  15th  of  August  last,  which  obliges  him  to  continue  the  use  of  crutches, 
but  we  are  glad  to  see  that  otherwise  his  health  is  very  good  and  hope  he 
may  soon  recover  from  his  painful  and  tedious  injury.  Three  braver  and 
better  soldiers  than  these  cannot  easily  be  found  anywhere. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  January  25,  1848. 

Our  people  throughout  the  State  will  be  highly  gratified  at  the  fact 
that  the  legislature  has  voted  a  sword  to  General  Joseph  Lane.  A  braver 
man  does  not  exist  and  we  hope  the  sword  will  be  worthy  of  the  General 
and  the  men,  for  he  is  as  generous  as  he  is  brave. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  January  27,  1848. 

OFF  VERA  CRUZ,  January  2,  1848. 

DEAR  FATHER— It  is  now  1848;  a  new  year  has  commenced,  and  with 
it  1  have  just  commenced  my  new  life.  In  two  and  a  half  years  I  expect 
to  be  in  the  United  States ;  but  stop.  I  should  not  look  ahead  quite  so  far. 


It  is  the  present  that  iiow  concerns  me  and  not  the  future.  We  are  now 
lying  anchored  at  the  castle  of  San  Juan  de  Ulloa,  about  a  quarter  of  a 
mile  from  the  city  of  Vera  Cruz.  I  have  only  been  in  the  city  once  since  I 
have  been  here.  All  the  freight  has  to  be  transferred  from  the  ships  into 
small  boats  and  conveyed  to  the  city,  on  account  of  the  shallow  water. 
The  principal  article  is  hay,  which  is  brought  from  New  Orleans  for  the 
use  of  the  army. 

The  Mexicans  are  generally  nearly  as  black  as  negroes.  There  are  a 
great  many  Spaniards  here  and  a  great  variety  of  faces  may  be  seen.  Our 
troops  are  a  hard-looking  set  of  men.  As  I  was  walking  along  one  of  the 
narrow  streets  of  the  city  I  heard  my  name  called.  I  looked  in  one  of  the 
barred  windows  of  a  large  building  used  for  a  hospital  and  I  saw  Lenox 
Knight,  the  son  of  Mr.  Knight  who  used  to  stay  in  Turner's  bookstore. 
He  has  been  in  the  hospital  all  the  time  he  has  been  down  here  and  wishes 
himself  at  home  again.  So  he  told  me.  I  stopped  and  talked  a  few  mo 
ments  with  him  and  told  him  I  would  see  him  again.  He  was  very  much 
surprised  to  see  me  down  here.  I  have  been  over  part  of  the  celebrated 
castle,  but  I  shall  not  attempt  to  describe  it.  A  norther  struck  up  last 
evening,  although  not  a  very  severe  one.  We  sent  down  our  lower  yards 
and  topmasts. 

I  wish  you  would  write  often,  and  give  my  respects  to  uncle  and  aunt 
and  the  whole  town.  Your  affectionate  son, 



New  Albany  Democrat,  February  24,  1848. 

By  reference  to  another  column  it  will  be  seen  that  it  is  rumored  that 
a  treaty  of  peace  concluded  by  General  Scott  and  Mr.  Trist  has  been  sub 
mitted  to  the  Senate  by  the  President.  This  report  seems  to  be  better 
founded  than  most  others  of  the  kind. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  February  5,  1848. 

On  Wednesday  last  one  of  Captain  Cochran's  deceased  recruits  was 
buried.  But  an  hour  or  two  of  notice  was  had  when  a  respectable  squad 
composed  of  members  of  the  discharged  regiments  of  Indiana  Volunteers 
and  Marion  Guards  promptly  volunteered  to  perform  the  funeral  honors. 
Late  Lieutenant  Lew  Wallace  was  unanimously  chosen  to  command  on  the 
occasion  and  never  have  we  seen  the  same  ceremony  better  performed  or 
more  impressive. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  February  12,  1848. 

(Reported  for  the  Indiana  State  Sentinel.) 

SENATE,  Thursday,  Feb.  10,  1848. 

Mr.  Davis,  from  the  committee  to  which  that  subject  had  been  re 
ferred,  reported  the  following  preamble  and  general  resolutions  in  relation 
to  the  flag  of  the  Second  Indiana  Regiment: 

Whereas.  It  has  been  communicated  to  this  General  Assembly  that 
Captain  Wm.  L.  Sanderson,  who  commanded  the  Spencer  Greys  on  the 
ever  memorable  battlefield  of  Buena  Vista  with  distinguished  valor,  has  in 
his  possession  and  proffers  to  the  State,  the  flag  of  said  company,  which 
was  presented  to  said  company  by  the  patriotic  ladies  of  New  Albany,  and 
subsequently  adopted  as  the  banner  of  the  Second  Regiment  of  Indiana 

Therefore,  be  it  resolved,  by  the  General  Assembly  of  the  State  of  In 
diana,  That  said  flag  be  accepted  by  this  General  Assembly  and  deposited 
in  the  archives  of  the  State,  a  memento  of  the  indomitable  courage  and 
chivalrous  bearing  of  her  sons,  an  offering  which  furnishes  incontestable 
proof  that  on  that  occasion  they  did  their  whole  duty. 

Be  it  further  resolved,  That  the  ceremony  of  presenting  and  accepting 
said  flag  take  place  in  the  hall  of  the  House  of  Representatives  on  Satur 
day,  the  12th  inst.,  at  half -past  2  o'clock  p.  in.,  in  the  presence  of  both 
houses  of  the  General  Assembly,  the  Governor,  judges  of  the  Supreme 
Court  and  officers  of  the  State,  and  that  the  Honorable  Paris  C.  Dunning, 
president  of  the  Senate,  be  appointed  to  receive  said  flag  on  behalf  of  this 
General  Assembly. 

Bt  it  further  resolved,  That  the  thanks  of  this  General  Assembly  are 
hereby  tendered  to  Captain  Wm.  L.  Sanderson  and  his  brave  companions 
in  arms  for  so  valuable  a  gift. 

Be  it  further  resolved,  That  we  hereby  tender  our  thanks  to  Lieutenant 
Kunkle,  who  bore  aloft  and  defended  the  banner  of  Indiana  in  the  battle 
of  Beuna  Vista. 

Be  it  further  resolved,  That  the  volunteers  of  the  State  of  Indiana 
who  responded  to  the  call  made  upon  them  for  military  service  have  nobly 
sustained  the  honor  of  the  State. 

Be  it  further  resolved,  That  the  cloud  which  rested  for  a  time  upon 
the  fame  of  the  Second  Indiana  Regiment  has  but  added  to  their  honor  by 
inviting  a  scrutiny  into  its  conduct  which  has  shown  it  to  have  been  brave 
and  dauntless  in  battle. 

Be  it  further  resolved,  That  the  Governor  is  requested  to  forward  to 
the  Spencer  Greys,  Captain  Wm.  L.  Sanderson  and  Lieutenant  Kunkle 
copies  of  the  foregoing  preamble  and  resolutions. 

The  report  was  concurred  in  by  consent  and  the  resolutions  read  three 
several  times  and  passed. 



(Approved  February  16,  1848.) 

Whereas,  The  duties  of  the  Adjutant-General  of  Indiana,  in  connection 
with  the  State  militia,  and  raising,  organizing  and  forwarding  the  Fourth 
and  Fifth  Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers,  have  employed  nearly  all  the 
time  of  that  officer  during  the  year  1847,  he  being  the  only  State  officer 
with  said  regiments  at  Jeffersonville  and  Madison,  and  doing  all  duties 
while  there,  required  of  State  officers,  acting  also  as  financial  agent  to  re 
ceive  moneys  advanced  to  said  regiments,  to  assist  them  to  the  said  places 
of  rendezvous  and  paying  the  same  over  to  the  State ; 

And  whereas,  He  has  not  only  paid  from  his  own  pocket,  all  his  per 
sonal  expenses  while  engaged  with  said  regiments,  but  also  the  sum  of 
$72.08  for  the  rent,  fuel,  lights  and  a  portion  of  the  stationery  of  the  of 
fice  which  by  law  he  has  to  keep,  and  has  received  but  .$100 ; 

And  whereas,  The  Quartermaster-General  has  received  but  $100  for 
all  his  services  as  such  for  the  year  1847,  which  have  been  heavy  in  conse 
quence  of  the  increased  activity  of  the  State  militia  caused  by  the  pressure 
of  war;  therefore, 

Section  1.  Be  it  enacted  by  the  General  Assembly  of  the  State  of  In 
diana,  That  the  Quartermaster-General  of  the  Indiana  militia  be  allowed 
for  his  extra  services  in  1847,  the  sum  of  two  hundred  dollars. 

Sec.  2.  That  the  sum  of  seventy-two  dollars  and  eight  cents  be  re 
funded  to  said  Adjutant-General  which  was  by  him  paid  out  in  1847  for 
rent,  fuel,  lights  and  stationery  of  the  office  which  he  is  bound  by  law  to 
keep;  and  that  for  all  his  services  with  the  district  and  independent  mili 
tia  of  this  State  in  the  year  1847,  he  be  allowed  in  addition  to  the  hundred 
dollars  already  received,  the  sum  of  one  hundred  and  fifty  dollars. 

Sec.  3.  That  it  shall  be  the  duty  of  the  Governor  to  take  proper 
measures  to  procure  from  the  general  government  the  refunding  of  any 
allowance  made  by  the  bill,  which  expense  should  properly  be  borne  by 
the  general  government. 


Indiana  Journal,  February  18,  1848. 

The  ceremony  of  presenting  and  the  accepting  of  flags  of  the  Second 
and  Third  Regiments  of  Indiana  Volunteers  took  place  before  a  large  au 
dience  in  the  Representatives'  Hall  on  last  Saturday. 

The  flag  of  the  Second  Regiment  was  presented  by  Hon.  John  S.  Davis, 
who  remarked : 

Mr.  President — I  am  charged  by  the  Spencer  Greys  with  the  high  duty 
of  presenting  this  worn  and  tattered  banner  through  you  to  the  State  of 

Sir,  in  looking  upon  this  flag  and  in  the  performance  of  the  duty  of 


presenting  it,  associations  crowd  upon  my  mind,  tending  much  to  impress 
and  overpower  me.  Under  its  folds  and  in  defense  of  it  fell  some  of  my 
best  and  most  valued  friends.  Under  this  flag  fell  Robison,  Goff,  Stephens, 
Bayley  and  other  noble  spirits.  I  pray,  sir  that  I  may  not  be  overcome  by 
niy  feelings  in  the  performance  of  this  solemn  duty. 

Every  stitch  upon  this  banner  was  placed  there  by  the  fair  hands  of 
the  accomplished  patriotic  ladies  of  my  own  town,  New  Albany,  and  was 
presented  to  the  Spencer  Greys,  a  company  of  gallant  young  men  from  that 
city  and  vicinity.  In  consequence  of  the  beauty  and  elegance  of  this  flag 
it  was  adopted,  just  before  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista,  as  the  battle  banner 
of  the  Second  Regiment  of  Volunteers  to  which  the  Spencer  Greys  belong, 
and  sir,  during  that  battle  this  flag  was  regarded  as  the  beacon  star  of 
their  hopes  and  the  inspiring  watchword  of  their  faith,  which  would  wave 
amid  the  smoke  and  hurricane  of  battle  on  that  bloody  field. 

Just  before  the  Spencer  Greys  left  New  Albany,  this  flag  was  presented 
by  the  lovely  ladies  of  that  city  and  accepted  by  the  company  through  my 
friend  Lieutenant  Cayce,  with  the  pledge  that  it  should  never  be  dishon 
ored.  Nobly,  most  nobly,  was  that  pledge  redeemed. 

May  heaven  bless  those  who  gave  and  those  who  defended  this  glorious 

Much,  sir,  has  been  said  against  the  Second  Regiment  of  Indiana  Vol 
unteers,  but  an  examination  of  the  list  of  the  gallant  dead  has  shown  that 
they  did  their  whole  duty. 

This  banner,  then,  sir,  surrounded  as  it  is  with  associations  so  patri 
otic  and  holy,  I  now  place  in  your  hands  on  behalf  of  the  Spencer  Greys. 
Receive  it  then,  sir,  and  place  it  among  the  archives  of  the  State,  a  me 
mento  of  the  daring  valor  of  her  sons  and  the  transcendent  beauty,  virtue 
and  patriotism  of  her  daughters. 

Hon.  Paris  C.  Dunning  made  the  following  reply : 

Senator  Davis — I  have  been  deputed  in  behalf  of  the  State  of  Indiana 
to  accept  this  beautiful  flag  presented  through  you  by  the  patriotic  and 
chivalrous  Spencer  Greys.  I  highly  appreciate  the  distinguished  honor 
conferred  upon  me  in  thus  acting  as  the  organ  of  the  State. 

Permit  me  to  assure  you  and  the  gallant  volunteers  whom  you  so  hon 
orably  represent  that  to  the  people  of  Indiana  and  especially  to  her  repre 
sentatives,  the  present  is  a  most  solemn  and  deeply  interesting  occasion. 

This  flag,  as  you  have  stated,  was  made  and  presented  to  Captain 
Sanderson's  company  of  Spencer  Greys  by  the  fair  hands  of  the  ladies  of 
New  Albany,  than  whom,  I  must  be  permitted  to  remark,  no  community  of 
American  ladies  have  shown  more  patriotic  devotion  or  rendered  more  ef 
fective  encouragement  to  the  cause  of  their  country  or  have  higher  claims 
to  our  admiration  and  gratitude.  I  render  but  a  just  tribute  of  respect  to 
female  character  when  I  declare  that  the  mothers  of  the  revolution  and 
the  ladies  of  all  our  subsequent  wars  have  proven  themselves  in  the  hour 
of  trial  to  be  always  right,  always  united  and  always  upon  the  side  of 
their  country,  its  honor  and  its  free  institutions. 

This  beautiful  flag  was  received  from  the  hands  of  its  fair  donors  with 
the  solemn  pledge  that  it  should  never  be  dishonored.  How  nobly  that 
pledge  has  been  redeemed  its  present  tattered  condition  will  better  tell 
than  anything  I  can  express. 


In  consequence  of  its  beauty  and  elegance  this  flag  was  adopted  a  few 
days  before  the  battle  of  Bnena  Vista  as  the  battle  banner  of  the  Second 
Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers.  In  that  capacity  it  was  borne  aloft  upon 
that  memorable  day  by  the  brave  and  patriotic  Lieutenant  Kunkle  in  the 
thickest  and  hottest  of  the  fight.  It  was  the  beacon  star  of  their  hopes 
and  inspiring  watchword  of  the  brave  but  much-slandered  men  of  the 
Second  Indiana  Volunteers,  many  of  whom  yielded  up  their  lives  willing 
sacrifices  upon  the  altar  of  their  common  country  and  whose  bones  now 
bleach  upon  the  battlefield  in  a  foreign  land. 

This  flag,  thus  consecrated  to  the  cause  of  our  common  country  by  the 
blood  of  many  of  Indiana's  noblest  sons,  has  returned  amongst  us  bleached, 
war-worn  and  tattered,  to  tell  its  own  marvelous,  yet  eloquent,  story.  It 
speaks  of  the  toilsome  march  in  a  distant  land  in  the  enemy's  country; 
it  speaks  of  privation  and  peril ;  it  speaks  of  bloody  strife,  of  heroic 
achievements,  of  unparalleled  bravery  and  of  the  glorious  triumph  of  our 
arms.  It  speaks  of  the  mournful,  yet  glorious,  death  of  Warren  Robison, 
of  Hollis  Stephens,  Charles  Goff  and  Francis  Bayley,  members  of  the  com 
pany  of  the  Spencer  Greys;  it, speaks  of  the  distant  plains;  it  speaks  of 
the  compact  and  advancing  columns  of  Santa  Anna's  Mexican  cohorts;  it 
speaks  of  the  comparatively  small  force  of  General  Taylor,  the  hero  of 
Palo  Alto,  Resaca  de  la  Pal  ma,  Monterey  and  Buena  Vista,  "who  never 
surrenders" ;  it  speaks  of  the  murderous  fire  to  which  the  brave  men  of 
the  Second  Indiana  were  exposed ;  it  speaks  of  the  manly  resistance  of  our 
citizen  soldiers  against  the  attack  of  the  Mexican  legions ;  it  speaks  of  the 
lamented  Kinder,  whose  youthful  form  and  elastic  step  were  familiar  to 
many  who  are  now  in  these  halls ;  it  speaks  of  his  manly  bearing  while 
rushing  to  the  thickest  and  hottest  of  the  fight ;  it  speaks  of  his  prostrate 
form,  of  his  cruel  and  inhuman  death  by  a  perfidious  foe  intent  upon  glut 
ting  their  savage  and  thrice  refined  vengeance  upon  his  lifeless  form;  it 
speaks  of  the  melancholy  death  of  the  heroic  Captain  Walker,  the  fires 
of  whose  patriotic  heart  the  frosts  of  more  than  sixty  winters  were  unable 
to  abate.  Sir,  my  feelings  will  not  permit  me  to  dwell  longer  upon  this 
part  of  the  picture — the  horrors  of  war  are  not  always  to  be  avoided — 
such  was  the  case  in  the  present  war  with  Mexico. 

Sir,  in  the  name  of  the  State  of  Indiana  I  thank  you,  Captain  Sander 
son  and  the  Spencer  Greys,  for  this  invaluable  present.  It  will  afford  me 
much  pleasure  to  place  it  in  the  State  library  to  be  preserved  as  a  relic 
and  memento  of  the  great  and  interesting  events  with  which  it  is  associ 
ated  and  which  it  is  good  to  keep  alive  and  treasure  in  the  memory  of  the 
present  and  future  generations.  Future  generations  will  look  upon  this 
battle  banner  and  by  the  aid  of  concurrent  history  will  regard  it  with  the 
same  lively  feeling  of  admiration  for  the  deeds  of  glory  in  arms  and  the 
same  devotion  to  the  country  which  prompted  those  who  so  nobly  rallied 
around  and  defended  it  upon  the  sanguinary  field  of  Buena  Vista. 

The  flag  of  the  Third  Regiment  was  presented  by  Captain  Thomas  L. 
Sullivan,  who  remarked : 

Mr.  Speaker — I  have  been  requested  by  the  officers  and  soldiers  of  the 
Third  Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers  to  present  to  you,  and  through  you 
to  the  people  of  the  State  of  Indiana,  the  standard  of  that  regiment.  It 


is  with  pleasure  I  assume  the  task,  for  I  know  there  is  no  present  I  could 
make  you  of  which  you  would  be  more  proud  or  which  would  excite  in 
your  breasts  more  lively  feelings  than  the  presentation  of  this  torn  and 
tattered  relic. 

The  flag  was  originally  presented  by  the  ladies  of  Madison  to  the  com 
pany  which  I  had  the  honor  to  command,  and  being  adopted  by  Colonel 
Lane  as  the  standard  of  the  regiment,  it  was  borne  as  such  through  the 
entire  campaign.  Time  will  not  permit,  nor  indeed  would  it  be  in  place  for 
me  to  speak  of  the  events,  of  the  recollections  and  associations  which  en 
deared  that  flag  to  all  those  who,  weaving  their  fortunes  with  its  destiny, 
followed  it  beyond  the  border.  Some  of  those  events  are  yet  to  be  written 
upon  the  pages  of  your  country's  history  and  future  generations  will  read 
them  as  a  page  of  living  promise.  Let  these  old  relics,  then,  be  preserved ; 
let  the  mementoes  be  treasured  up  and  let  them  be  laid  among  the  archives, 
the  trophies  and  the  monuments  of  the  State.  Let  this  old  banner,  around 
which  Indianians  gathered  at  the  first  sound  of  arms,  around  which  they 
fought  and  under  which  they  died,  find  a  resting  place  within  the  walls 
of  Indiana's  capital. 

Mr.  Speaker,  I  do  not  wish  to  speak  boastingly,  but  the  history  of 
that  standard  is  the  history  of  the  campaign  of  '46.  Among  the  first  to  be 
unfurled  upon  the  sands  of  Brazos  Island,  it  was  among  the  last  to  leave 
those  inhospitable  shores.  Suffice  it  for  me  to  say  that  on  the  heights  of 
Buena  Vista  that  flag  was  always  in  the  path  of  honor ;  suffice  it  to  say 
that  on  that  field  whose  thirsty  soil  soaked  with  the  best  blood  of  the  na 
tion,  that  standard  was  perhaps  the  only  one  that  never  was  turned  from 
the  enemy.  It  is  enough  to  say  that  in  that  hour  when  23,000  Mexicans 
drilled  and  disciplined  in  the  camp,  the  hardy  veterans  of  twenty  years  of 
war,  an  army  that  had  fought  France  with  glory  around  the  walls  of  San 
Juan  de  Ulloa,  an  army  that  had  driven  the  legions  of  old  Spain  from  the 
soil  of  Mexico,  an  army  the  glancing  of  whose  banners  had  been  a  terror 
to  their  foe,  and  whose  tread  in  the  annals  of  the  Mexican  war  was  but 
the  trump  of  victory ;  suffice  it  to  say  that  when  that  army  fought  for  two 
tedious  days  against  5.000  of  your  citizen  soldiery,  the  Third  Regiment 
from  Indiana  preserved  its  honor  intact,  its  integrity  unsullied,  and  when 
in  the  changing  fortunes  of  the  fight  regiment  after  regiment  faltered  in 
the  unequal  contest,  when  it  was  no  disgrace  to  have  been  defeated,  that 
gallant  regiment  still  made  head  against  the  stream  and  others  rallied  be 
hind  its  unflinching  ranks. 

And  even  in  the  last  struggle  of  that  disputed  contest,  when  all  was 
doubt  and  apprehension,  when  a  column  of  2,000  lancers  following  the  long 
file  of  infantry,  with  gleaming  arms  and  streaming  banners,  and  with  a 
song  of  triumph  on  their  lips  like  the  last  struggle  of  the  guard  at  Water 
loo,  came  rushing  down  upon  them  as  if  to  wrest  victory  from  fate  itself; 

"In  even  scale  the  battle  hung" ; 

when  the  hearts  of  veterans  trembled  for  the  result  and  the  cheeks  of 
brave  men  grew  pale;  when  a  general  of  your  army  who  is  above  sus 
picion  and  whose  name  is  beyond  reproach,  might  stand  behind  this  stand 
ard  and  with  pale  lips  ask,  "Will  they  stand,  will  they  stand?"  again  they 


proved  themselves  equal  to  the  emergency  and  when  the  shock  came 
amidst  falling  men  and  flying  steeds  and  routed  squadrons,  horse  and 
rider,  lance  and  banner  wont  down 

"In  one  red  burial  blent" ; 

amid  the  shout  and  din  and  smoke  and  hurried  tramp,  high,  high  over  it 
all  floated  Indiana's  victorious  banner,  her  bright  stars  flashing  in  the 
sun  and  her  gorgeous  folds  rustling  like  the  wings  of  eagles. 

That  banner,  Mr.  Speaker,  I  now  present  to  you,  and  it  is  with  no'  feel 
ings  of  diffidence  I  part  with  it,  for  I  know,  I  assure  you,  there  is  not  one 
fact  connected  with  its  history  of  which  you  may  not  be  proud.  True,  the 
staff  is  broken  near  the  foot,  but  that  was  done  by  a  shot  from  a  Mexican 
battery  while  it  was  advancing  to  the  rescue  of  a  faltering  regiment ; 
true,  the  staff  is  cut  and  splintered  overhead,  but  that  was  done  while  the 
banner  was  planted  as  a  barrier  between  advancing  Mexico  and  retreating 
Mississippi.  True,  the  silk  is  torn  to  ribbons,  but  that  was  done  while  the 
regiment  fought  hand  to  hand  with  2,500  men.  A  spot  is  upon  it,  but  it  is 
the  stain  of  blood,  not  of  dishonor.  Twenty-three  times  was  it  smitten  in 
that  fight ;  twenty-three  honorable  stars  are  upon  it. 

Go,  take  it,  then,  and  place  it  where  such  a  relic  deserves  to  be 
placed;  go  write  the  name  of  Huena  Vista  on  its  folds  as  France  wrote 
Austerlitz  and  England,  Waterloo ;  go,  place  it  within  the  Pomoerium  where 
Sparta  keeps  her  jewels;  go,  hang  it  where  the  boy  can  see  it  and 
tell  his  battles  o'er  again ;  go,  place  it  where  the  boy  can  find  it  and  let  it 
teach  him  high  lessons  of  honor  and  patriotic  devotion ;  go,  greet  it  with 
such  a  greeting  as  Rome  gave  her  eagles  when  they  were  brought  back 
from  the  banks  of  the  Danube;  go,  welcome  it  with  such  a  welcome  as  be 
comes  a  republic  welcoming  home  her  standards  from  the  banks  of  the 

Mr.  Speaker,  I  have  done.  The  brave  men  who  bore  that  flag  have 
accomplished  all  they  promised  and  now  leave  it  in  your  hands.  Let  me. 
however,  before  I  sit  down,  mention  the  name  of  William  F.  Stewart  of 
the  county  of  Jefferson,  as  the  man  who  bore  it  in  the  field,  and  while  I 
may  bear  testimony  in  his  favor  as  a  citizen,  let  that  standard  bear  wit 
ness  to  his  bravery  as  a  man. 

Upon  accepting  the  flag  on  the  part  of  the  Senate,  Hon.  W.  A.  Porter 
replied  as  follows : 

Captain  Sullivan :  Sir — It  is  with  feelings  of  just  pride  and  with  a 
heart  overflowing  with  grateful  emotion,  that  I,  as  the  organ  of  the  repre 
sentatives  of  the  people  of  Indiana,  receive  from  you  this  valuable  relic, 
and  those  feelings  of  pride  are  increased  from  the  fact  that  I  know  that  1 
receive  it.  in  the  name  of  the  people,  who  are  noble,  brave  and  grateful. 
The  sight,  sir,  of  that  flag,  tattered  and  torn  by  the  balls  of  the  enemy  in 
one  of  the  hardest  fought  battles  and  one  of  the  most  splendid  victories  re 
corded  in  the  history  of  modern  warfare,  an  eloquent  and  correct  descrip 
tion  of  which  you  have  just  given  us,  cannot  fail  to  excite  in  every  Ameri 
can  bosom,  and  still  more  in  every  Indiana  bosom,  the  most  lively  emo 
tions.  It  is  true  it  is  also  associated  with  melancholy  recollections,  recol 
lections  of  the  noble  dead  that  fell  in  its  defense ;  but  when,  after  doing 


due  honor  to  the  memory  of  the  dead  we  turn  our  minds  to  the  splendid 
victory  obtained  by  the  valorous  and  almost  superhuman  achievements  of 
the  survivors,  our  hearts  are  elated  by  the  proud  thought  that  this  victory 
\vas  won  by  the  valor  of  our  countrymen. 

The  battlefield  of  Buena  Vista  will  long  be  remembered  by  the  civilized 
world ;  it  is  an  event  which  future  historians  will  delight  to  describe, 
which  future  generations  will  peruse  with  admiration  and  with  which  the 
history  of  Indiana  is  identified.  Its  glory  is  part  and  parcel  of  the  heri 
tage  of  Indianians  and  they  will  claim  it  as  an  invaluable  legacy. 

This  flag,  sir,  like  the  fair  hands  that  made  it,  and  the  pure  hearts 
that  gave  it,  is  unsullied.  It  is  a  fit  recipient  of  the  purest  archives  of 
our  State.  In  the  varied  vicissitudes  of  that  memorable  battle,  when  al 
most  every  flag  of  our  country  was  compelled  at  some  time  or  other  to 
make  a  temporary  retreat,  either  from  the  force  of  overwhelming  numbers 
or  from  other  causes  over  which  our  brave  men  had  no  control,  the  course 
of  this  flag  and  of  the  gallant  officers  and  brave  men  over  whom  it  floated, 
was  always  onward ;  it  was  always  conspicuous :  its  stars  and  stripes  con 
tinued  through  all  the  vicissitudes  of  that  memorable  conflict  to  float 
proudly  in  the  breeze.  To  it  the  gallant  Indianians  of  the  Third  Regiment 
could  always  look  and  say :  "The  flag  of  our  regiment  still  floats  in  de 
fiance  of  the  enemy.''  Its  post  was  the  post  of  honor  and  of  danger,  and. 
sir,  as  you  have  already  informed  me,  in  the  last  fearful  hour  of  that 
bloody  struggle,  when  the  contest  was  doubtful  and  the  bold  hearts  of 
brave  men  trembled  for  the  result,  the  Third  Indiana,  "the  steadfast 
Third."  followed  this  banner  and  boldly  rushed  against  ten  times 
their  number  of  well  disciplined  troops,  flushed  and  stimulated  with  the 
hopes  of  certain  victory,  and  routed  them  with  immense  slaughter  and  se 
cured  the  fortunes  of  the  day. 

The  events  of  that  day,  if  they  stood  alone,  are  a  sure  guarantee  to 
our  beloved  country  that  it  will  always  be  safe  under  the  protection  of  our 
citizen  soldiery  and  we  have  other  abundant  evidences  that,  when  the 
trumpet  sounds  to  the  battle,  thousands  of  bold  hearts  are  ready  at  the 
first  sound  to  rush  to  the  standard  of  their  country.  And.  sir,  the  uni 
versal  burst  of  feeling  throughout  the  country  assures  us  the  warmest  feel 
ings  of  our  country's  gratitude  accompany  them. 

Sir,  in  the  name  of  the  State  of  Indiana  I  receive  this  flag  and  doubt 
not  but  that  it  will  be  placed  among  her  most  treasured  archives ;  that  it 
will  be  deposited  in  some  conspicuous  place  in  the  capital  of  our  State  and 
when  our  citizens  visit  the  capital  they  can  look  upon  it  with  feelings  of 
pride  and  say,  "under  this  banner  our  sons,  our  brothers  or  our  fathers 
fought  in  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista." 

Mi\  Hull  offered  the  following  resolution  : 

A  Joint  Resolution  accepting  the  colors  of  the  Third  Regiment  of  Indiana 
Volunteers : 

Be  it  resolved  unanimously  by  the  General  Assembly  of  the  State  of 
Indiana,  That  with  feelings  of  just  pride  we  receive  the  colors  borne  by 
the  Third  Regiment  of  Volunteers  from  this  State  in  the  battle  of  Buena 
Vista ;  that  we  appreciate  in  the  highest  degree  the  distinguished  services 
rendered  by  that  regiment  upon  the  occasion  alluded  to.  and  while  we  re- 


member  it  won  for  itself  in  that  bloody  contest  the  proud  appellation  of 
the  "Steadfast  Third,"  we  have  no  hesitation  in  declaring  that  it  con 
tributed  as  much  to  the  success  and  triumph  of  our  armies  as  any  other 
regiment  there  engaged.  That  this  flag  will  be  cherished  by  the  people  of 
Indiana,  for  "upon  its  once  fair  and  beautiful  face  is  now  depicted  the 
horrors  of  the  strife  it  witnessed  in  the  service  of  its  country.  Its  soiled 
and  tattered  appearance  speaks  for  itself  and  is  its  best  history;"  and 
that  this  once  glittering  banner,  "the  gift  of  beauty  to  honor,  torn  by  the 
tempest,  bleached  by  the  sun  and  the  sleet,  tattered  by  the  bullet  shot  and 
shell,  but  dishonored — NEVER" — shall  be  preserved  as  a  priceless  memento 
of  the  heroic  and  glorious  achievements  of  our  patriotic  and  noble  sons. 

Be  it  further  resolved,  unanimously,  That  in  behalf  of  the  people  of 
the  State  of  Indiana  we  hereby  return  our  heartfelt  thanks  to  the  officers 
and  privates  of  the  Third  Regiment  of  Indiana  Volunteers  for  the  ines 
timable  gift  which  they  have  this  day  presented  to  our  State  and  that, 
these  mutilated  but  honored  colors  be  now  deposited  in  the  State  library, 
there  to  be  carefully  preserved,  that  our  children's  children  may  look  upon 
them  and  say,  "under  this  ancient  banner  fought  our  heroic  fathers." 

Be  it  further  resolved,  That  the  State  librarian  be  and  is  hereby  em 
powered  and  requested  to  procure'  a  plate  of  silver  to  be  attached  to  the 
standard  pole  of  the  Third  Regiment  with  these  words  engraved  upon  it : 
"Third  Regiment  Indiana  Volunteers,  Buena  Vista,  22d  and  23d  February, 

Be  it  further  resolved,  That  the  thanks  of  the  people  of  this  State  are 
hereby  tendered  to  Ensign  William  F.  Stewart,  who  bravely  unfurled  this 
banner  above  the  heads  of  his  gallant  brothers  in  arms  at  Buena  Vista 
and  bore  it  triumphantly  through  that  sanguinary  battle. 

Be  it  further  resolved.  That  the  officers  and  men  of  the  Second  and 
Third  Regiments  of  this  State,  upon  every  occasion  throughout  the  time 
they  were  in  their  country's  service,  have  been  unexcelled  in  devotional 
patriotism  and  heroic  action,  and  while  we  especially  return  to  them  the 
thanks  of  the  people  of  the  State,  we  claim  for  them  the  gratitude  and  ad 
miration  of  their  country. 

Be  it  further  resolved,  That  while  we  return  our  gratitude  to  the  liv 
ing,  we  will  not  forget  the  honored  dead;  that  this  General  Assembly  in 
common  with  the  people  of  Indiana,  deeply  mourn  the  loss  of  our  brave 
and  patriotic  sons  who  have  fallen  beneath  the  flag  of  their  country  upon 
the  field  of  battle  or  by  the  stroke  of  disease  in  a  foreign  and  pestilential 
climate,  and  that  we  hereby  express  our  deepest  sympathies  with  their 
relations  and  friends. 

Be  it  further  resolved.  That  these  joint  resolutions  be  spread  upon  the 
journals  of  both  houses  of  this  General  Assembly. 

Which  resolutions  were  unanimously  adopted. 

When  the  Senate  retired  to  their  chamber. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  February  23,  1848. 


Suggested  by  the  Presentation  to  the  Legislature  of  -the  Banners  of  the 
Second  and  Third  Regiments  of  the  Indiana   Volunteers. 

BY    MRS.    SABAH    T.    BOLTON. 

They  had  gathered,  they  had  gathered. 

At  a  proud  and  massive  dome, 
From  many  a  cheerful  hearthstone, 

From  many  a  quiet  home; 
The  gay,  the  young,  the  beautiful, 

The  old  with  hoary  hair, 
The  gallant  and  the  talented 

Had  gathered,  gathered  there. 

There  were  bright  eyes  softly  beaming. 

There  were  gems  and  raven  curls. 
And  the  silvery  sounding  voices 

Of  happy-hearted  girls ; 
There  were  faces  sad  and  solemn. 

There  were  aspects  high  and  proud, 
For  the  gravest  and  the  noblest 

Met  and  mingled  in  the  crowd. 

Had  they  come  to  see  a  pageant, 

Of  the  merry  olden  time, 
That  the  quaint  and  ancient  poets 

Loved  to  chronicle  in  rhyme? 
Had  they  come  to  see  the  triumph 

Of  the  painter's  deathless  art? 
Had  they  come  to  hear  an  actor 

Tell  a  story  of  the  heart? 

What  means  that  sudden  silence 

Broken  only  by  a  sigh? 
Why  does  the  tear-drop  tremble 

In  the  light  of  beauty's  eye? 
Why  does  that  darkling  shadow 

Gather  over  manhood's  brow? 
Why  does  the  young  lip  quiver 

And  the  cheek  grow  pallid  now? 

They  are  gazing  at  old  banners; 

Faded,  soiled  and  tattered  things. 
With  their  stripes,  all  rent  and  trailing. 

Like  an  eagle's  broken  wings: 
They  are  gazing,  long  and  sadly. 

On  each  little  crimson  stain : 
They  are  reading,  there,  the  record, 

Of  the  gallant,  gallant  slain. 


They  are  reading  of  the  conflict. 

Where  the  flashing  saber  gleamed ; 
Where  the  leaden  bullets  rattled; 

Where  the  crimson  life-tide  streamed. 
They  are  reading  of  young  Kinder, 

How  he  fought,  and  how  he  fell — 
Oh,  a  mournful,  mournful  story. 

Can  those  tattered  banners  tell. 

They  can  tell  of  noble  Taggart; 

Of  his  high  and  holy  trust, 
When  his  dying  words  were  uttered — 

"On,  on,  our  cause  is  just" — 
They  can  tell  of  gallant  Walker ; 

Truest,  bravest  of  the  brave, 
Falling  with  a  soldier's  laurels: 

Sleeping  in  a  soldier's  grave. 

They  can  tell  of  young  hearts  broken ; 

They  can  tell  of  woman's  tears ; 
They  can  tell  how  death  has  wasted 

All  the  hoarded  love  of  years; 
They  can  tell  the  sneering  skeptic 

That  the  spirit  of  our  sires 
Dwelleth  still  in  freedom's  temple 

To  protect  our  altar  fires. 

Where  the  cannon's  voice  was  loudest ; 

Where  the  boldest  deeds  were  wrought 
Where  the  good,  the  true,  lay  dying; 

Where  the  noblest,  bravest  fought, 
Ever  foremost  with  the  daring, 

Ever  in  the  thickest  fight, 
Did  those  hope-inspiring  banners 

Meet  the  fainting  soldier's  sight. 

And  he  hailed  them  as  the  sailor 

Hails  the  beacon  from  the  mast. 
When  his  gallant  bark  is  struggling 

With  the  fury  of  the  blast; 
He  hailed  them  as  the  wanderer 

Hails  the  beaming  of  a  star, 
That  reminds  him  of  his  childhood 

And  his  quiet  home  afar. 

Keep  them,  keep  them,  Indiana; 

Lay  them  on  thy  proudest  shrine ; 
For  the  dim,  the  distant  future. 

No  holier  gift  is  thine. 


Thy  fair,  thy  peerless  daughters 

Wrought  those  stars  of  gleaming  gold 

And  thy  noble  sons  fought  bravely 
Beneath  their  shadowy  fold. 

Wreath  the  cypress  with  the  laurel : 
Bind  each  worn  and  faded  shred : 

They  are  proud  but  sad  mementos 
Of  thy  gallant,  gallant  dead. 


Madison  Banner,  March  1,  184$. 

The  following  are  extracts  of  a  letter  from  Captain  Horace  Hull  to 
his  brother.  F.  Hull,  of  this  city : 

CITY  OF  MEXICO,  January  4.  1848. 

DEAR  BROTHER— W^e  arrived  at  the  city  on  the  17th  of  December  and 
are  now  quartered  at  a  large  building  near  the  Convent  of  Santa  Clara. 
We  had  a  very  fatiguing  march  as  we  pushed  on  from  Vera  Cruz  to  this 
place,  halting  only  four  days  at  Jalapa  and  one  at  Puebla.  Leaving  these 
days  out,  our  marching  time  was  fourteen  days,  sometimes  at  the  rate  of 
twenty-five  miles  a  day,  frequently  over  a  road  paved  with  stone,  which 
made  it  very  hard  and  laborious  for  men  and  cattle.  *  *  * 

We  leave  the  city  tomorrow  and  will  go  on  to  our  tents  at  Malino  del 
Rey.  Every  one  rejoices  at  this,  as  the  troops  are  very  unhealthy  owing 
to  the  confinement  here.  '  *  *  * 

General  Valencia  and  Colonel  Arista  were  captured  at  the  hacienda  of 
the  former  by  Colonel  Wyucoop  and  about  150  men  day  before  yesterday.' 
Lieutenant  Tilton  of  Madison  was  of  the  party,  having  volunteered  his 
services.  *  *  * 

Sergeant  Brown,  sou  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Brown  of  Hanover,  who  was 
wounded  in  the  battles  of  this  city,  has  received  his  discharge  and  leaves 
for  home  today.  I  am  sorry  to  say  that  I  have  lost  two  men  out  of  my 
company — John  Barnes  of  Indiana,  Kentucky,  and  Sidney  Murphy  of  Jen 
nings  County.  Murphy  died  on  the  1st  of  January  and  Barnes  on  the 
3d.  We  buried  them  with  military  honors.  Have  their  deaths  noticed  in 
the  papers. 

Your  affectionate  brother. 



New  Albany  Democrat,  March  2,  1848. 

We  have  before  us  two  letters  from  the  City  of  Mexico,  but  they  have 
been  so  long  on  the  way  that  the  principal  intelligence  contained  in  them 
has  been  anticipated.  We  learn  from  the  first  that  Captain  McKinzey  of 


the  Fifth  Indiana  and  a  young  man  by  the  name  of  Sherrod,  a  brother  of 
Dr.  Sherrod  of  Dubois  County,  were  taken  prisoners  by  the  guerrillas. 
Captain  McKinzey  effected  his  escape  by  climbing  a  tree  and  waiting  un 
til  General  Buckner's  train  came  up.  Sherrod  made  the  Mexicans  believe 
he  was  a  physician,  upon  which,  after  robbing  him  of  almost  everything 
he  had,  they  let  him  go. 

The  principal  item  of  news  in  the  second  letter,  dated  January  12th, 
is  of  a  rather  unpleasant  nature,  namely,  that  great  sickness  prevails 
among  the  soldiers  of  the  Fifth  Indiana,  there  being  from  one  to  three 
funerals  out  of  the  regiment  every  day,  the  prevailing  diseases  being 
measles  and  dysentery,  which,  when  combined,  generally  prove  fatal. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  March  8,  1848. 

PUEBLA,  MEXICO,  January  11,  1848. 

DEAR  SIR — Enclosed  I  have  the  honor  to  transmit,  under  the  instruc 
tion  of  Colonel  Gorman,  a  return  of  the  non-commissioned  officers,  musi 
cians  and  privates  who  have  deserted  from  the  Fourth  Indiana  Regiment 
since  its  organization. 

It  is  thought  more  in  conformity  with  the  spirit  of  Army  Regulations 
to  send  their  names  to  you  for  publication  in  the  State  papers  than  to  the 
recruiting  office  in  New  York. 

Colonel  Gorman  regrets  the  necessity  for  the  performance  of  this  duty 
and,  unwilling  to  do  injustice  to  any  who  may  have  considered  themselves 
authorized  in  leaving  the  regiment,  or  who  may  have  been  prevented  from 
rejoining  by  circumstances  beyond  their  control,  has  instructed  me  to  state 
the  following  facts : 

Sergeant  Warren  Oldham  of  Company  A,  who  has  been  in  bad  health, 
was  in  possession  of  a  "surgeon's  certificate"  calling  for  a  discharge,  but 
had  not  been  discharged  by  the  Colonel  nor  the  commanding  General. 
William  Wallace  of  the  same  company,  though  refused  permission  to  leave, 
had  the  countenance  of  the  Captain  of  his  company.  George  Griffith  of 
Company  C,  who  left  the  regiment  at  Camp  Clark  on  furlough,  was  pre 
vented  from  returning  by  the  commands  of  his  guardian. 

Respectfully,  your  obedient  servant, 
Adjutant  Fourth  Indiana  Regiment,  A.  A.  A.  General. 

Adjutant-General  of  Indiana. 


PJ-g     £t: 


^  t^  •*  o  ^  o  c  ^  t^.  o  ^  » t-  ce  c  ^  U-:  ic  >n  ic  «  TJ-  cc  o  ®  t-- 1^  t^  r^ 
-H         WIN     — I^H     c^j^     —  :N^I     . 1—     MC^     _^^_ 

;    ; 


•   c  i   •    •   •   •   ' 



New  Albany  Democrat.  March  9,  1848. 

We  copy  the  following  telegraphic  intelligence  from  the  Louisville 
Journal  of  yesterday :  The  arrival  of  the  New  Orleans  mail  brings  dates 
regularly  due  which  contain  advices  from  Vera  Cruz  to  the  21st  ult.,  from 
which  I  glean  the  following: 

Four  privates  of  the  Indiana  regiment  have  been  attacked  near  Molino 
del  Rey  by  a  party  of  Mexicans,  in  which  affray  David  Lyons,  Jim  Hig 
gles  and  Burger  were  killed  and  David  Hower  badly  wounded.  The  Burger 
named  as  killed  at  Molino  del  Rey  is,  we  understand,  a  relative  of  Mr. 
James  Burger  of  this  county. 


Washington  Union,  March  10,  1848. 

The  Senate  adjourned  tonight  a  few  minutes  past  nine  o'clock  after  a 
session  in  closed  doors  for  nine  hours.  The  labors  of  the  Senate  have  been 
very  severe  for  several  days,  and  we  congratulate  the  country  on  the  re 
sult  of  their  deliberations.  A  treaty  has  been  ratified,  it  is  understood,  by 
a  vote  of  thirty-eight  to  fifteen,  three  Senators  being  absent. 


New  Albany  Democrat,  March  16,  1848. 

We  take  the  following  from  the  New  Orleans  Delta  as  quoted  from  a 
late  number  of  the  Mexican  Star,  published  in  the  City  of  Mexico : 

"A  short  while  after  the  parade  was  dismissed  the  brigade  of  General 
Lane,  composed  of  Colonel  Cheatham's  Third  Tennessee,  the  Fourth  from 
the  same  State,  under  Colonel  Waterhouse,  and  the  Fifth  Indiana,  under 
Colonel  James  H.  Lane,  passed  in  review  before  General  Butler  and  ar- 
quitted  themselves  like  old  soldiers.  Tennessee  and  Indiana  have  com 
peted  with  each  other  during  this  whole  war  and  today  each  State  has 
sent  a  like  number  of  regiments  to  the  field.  In  every  action  they  have 
been  engaged  in  they  have  proved  themselves  worthy  sons  of  the  States 
that  sent  them  out.  At  Buena  Vista  the  Indianians  did  their  duty  nobly 
and  will  do  so  again  when  chance  shall  serve.  Hurrah  for  Tennessee  mid 
Indiana !" 


New  Orleans  Delta,  March  28,  1848. 

This  distinguished  officer  came  over  in  the  Edith.  We  need  not  con 
suit  the  brilliant  and  successful  services  which  he  has  rendered  his  coun 
try  in  this  short  and  stirring  campaign  :  they  are  as  fresh  in  our  recollec- 


tion  as  is  his  daring  and  noble  bearing  at  Bueua  Vista.  General  Lane  is 
an  officer  of  extraordinary  energy,  activity  and  vigilance;  in  the  service 
he  is  ever  in  the  stirrup.  On  his  march  up  from  Vera  Cruz,  when  continu 
ally  harassed  by  guerrillas,  he  scarcely  ever  slept  and  was  certainly  never 
caught  napping.  He  arranged  an  admirable  plan  for  the  capture  of  Santa 
Ana,  which  was  defeated  by  the  respect  paid  to  a  forged  passport  of  Gen 
eral  Scott.  In  several  skirmishes  with  the  Mexicans  General  Lane  showed 
that  his  courage  and  tact  were  equal  to  his  energy  and  activity. 

yew  Albany  Democrat,  March  SO,  1848. 

We  learn  from  the  New  Orleans  Delta  and  from  a  private  source  that 
General  Lane  will  shortly  return  to  his  residence  in  this  State.  His  pri 
vate  affairs  demand  for  a  short  time  his  personal  attention. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  April  1.  1848. 

PUEBLA.  MEXICO,  January  25,  1848. 

EDITOR  SENTINEL — 1  have  thought  I  would  snatch  time  enough  to  write 
to  you  before  this,  but  the  present  is  getting  so  full  of  interest  that  I  can 
not  forego  giving  you  a  few  items  of  the  signs  of  the  times  hero  and  con 
nected  with  this  war.  On  Saturday  last,  the  21st  inst,  General  Lane  left 
this  place  on  a  mission  to  Orizaba,  Tehuacan,  Cordova  and  other  towns 
and  villages  in  that  vicinity,  principally  for  the  purpose  of  chastising  the 
guerrillas  who  surprised  the  rear  of  Colonel  Miles'  train  and  captured  i 
large  amount  of  property  (say  four  hundred  thousand  dollars'  worth)  be 
longing  to  merchants  (neutrals)  not  bearing  arms  in  any  manner  in  this 

General  Scott  has  ordered  that  General  Lane  force  restitution  of  the 
goods  or  compel  the  state  to  make  good  the  loss.  Our  gallant  colonel  has 
with  him  the  best  of  all  the  guerrilla  fighters  in  Mexico,  Colonel  Jack 
Hays  of  the  Texas  Rangers,  with  200  of  his  men.  and  Major  Polk  of  the 
Third  Dragoons,  with  200  men,  making  400  in  all.  quite  enough  to  answer 
the  purpose  of  any  expected  opposition. 

Rumors  are  afloat  today  that  General  Lane  has  captured  Santa  Ana. 
who  is  known  to  be  at  Tchuacan  with  not  more  than  200  men  This  I  do 
not  credit  much,  as  the  news  could  hardly  have  traveled  so  fast.  But  do 
not  be  surprised  if  it  should  be  confirmed,  for  "Old  Rough  and  Ready 
No.  2M  will  have  him  at  any  hazard  if  he  comes  in  reach  of  him. 

It  is  pretty  generally  believed  that  General  Bustamente  has  about 
eighteen  thousand  men  well  armed  at  Guanahuata,  a  strong  place  in  the 
northwest,  and  intends  to  give  us  another  fight  if  our  troops  venture  up 
that  far.  This  old  one-eyed  general  has  issued  a  proclamation  of  his 
forces  and  intentions,  but  it  is  regarded  as  doubtful  whether  he  has  any 
such  force  in  existence. 

It  is  the  decided  opinion  of  Generals  Scott,  Butler  and  Lane  that 
peace  is  near  at  hand  and  will  be  concluded  without  the  necessity  of  any 


further  movements  into  the  interior.  At  all  events,  no  movement  will  be 
made  from  the  city  until  the  result  of  the  action  of  the  present  Mexican 
Congress  is  known.  They  are  understood  to  be,  by  a  very  decided  ma 
jority,  favorable  to  peace,  and  if  our  government  would  now  accept  the 
terms  heretofore  proposed  by  Trist  as  our  ultimatum,  the  Mexican  Con 
gress  would  close  a  treaty  upon  that  basis  instantly.  *  *  *  My  regi 
ment  is  stationed  at  this  beautiful  city,  are  in  fine  health  and  spirits  and 
quite  desirous  of  remaining  here  unless  there  is  a  forward  movement  upon 
San  Luis.  Colonel  Childs  is  still  civil  and  military  governor  of  this  de 
partment.  I  am  assigned  to  the  command  of  all  the  troops  in  the  city, 
to  wit :  Ohio  and  Indiana  regiments,  five  companies  Fifth  Ohio,  four 
companies  Fourth  Artillery,  two  companies  Florida  Volunteers,  one  com 
pany  Louisiana  Mounted  Volunteers. 

Ma.ior  McCoy  is  now  on  a  visit  to  the  City  of  Mexico.  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  Dumont  is  with  General  Lane  at  Orizaba  and  Captain  Jesse  Alex 
ander  is  in  command  of  my  regiment.  Your  friend, 



New  Albany  Democrat,  April  6,  1848. 

The  Indiana  State  Journal  publishes  the  following  letter  from  Gen 
eral  Taylor: 

BATON  ROUGE,  LA.,  March  3,  1848. 
John  D.  Defrees,  Editor  of  State  Journal,  Indianapolis,  Indiana : 

SIR — I  have  the  pleasure  of  receiving  your  letter  of  February  17,  en 
closing  copy  of  the  resolutions  adopted  by  the  Senate  of  Indiana  relative 
to  the  service  of  the  officers  and  soldiers  who  were  under  my  command  in 
Mexico,  and  also  to  myself. 

It  is  deeply  gratifying  to  me  to  receive  the  marks  of  approval  and 
grateful  expressions  embodied  in  these  resolutions,  but  it  is  infinitely  more 
gratifying  and  acceptable  that  they  are  testimonials  from  a  State  to  which 
I  have,  by  early  association,  as  well  as  by  a  friendly  and  warm  regard 
for  her  citizens,  always  been  warmly  attached.  The  remembrance  of  my 
earliest  service  upon  the  borders  of  Indiana  and  my  intimate  acquaintance 
with  her  early  history,  awaken  in  me  the  pleasantest  feelings.  It  would 
have ,  afforded  me  very  great  pleasure  to  accept  the  invitation  to  visit  the 
State,  as  expressed  in  the  resolutions,  but  I  am  induced  to  await,  in  the 
neighborhood  of  this  place,  where  I  have  located  my  family,  such  orders 
as  the  War  Department  may,  at  any  moment,  communicate  to  me  for  fur 
ther  service  in  the  field. 

In  relation  to  the  impression  which  seems  to  be  current  that  my  offi 
cial  report  of  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista  has  done  marked  injustice  to  the 
Second  Regiment  of  Indiana  troops,  I  have  only  to  say  that  nothing  has 
been  developed  subsequently  to  the  date  of  the  report  to  cause  me  to 
change  it.  It  was  founded  upon  my  own  personal  observation  on  the  field 
and  upon  the  official  statements  of  my  subordinates,  and  I  would  say  that 

'  277 

all  might  have  been  well  had  not  many  of  the  officers  agitated  the  sub 
ject  in  a  manner  greatly  to  injure  the  regiment  and  invoke  the  credit  of 
the  State,  which  I  very  much  regret. 

In  all  armies  the  best  and  most  experienced  troops  have  been  at  times 
subject  to  panics  under  a  murderous  fire  of  the  enemy,  which  are  inex 
plicable.  Such,  it  is  most  probable,  may  have  been  the  case  at  the  time 
in  question.  I  am  proud  and  free  to  state,  however,  that  my  confidence 
in  that  regiment  was  not  lost,  but  it  was  my  intention  to  have  placed  it 
in  action  had  the  enemy  resumed  his  attack  on  the  day  following,  and  I 
have  always  felt  assured  and  confident  that  had  the  battle  been  renewed 
the  Second  Indiana  would  have  acquitted  itself  with  gallantry  and  in 
trepidity  on  all  future  occasions  before  the  enemy. 

Please  convey  to  the  members  of  the  Legislature  of  the  State  my  high 
sense  of  the  compliment  they  have  so  flatteringly  conferred  upon  the  offi 
cers  and  men  who  composed  my  command  in  Mexico,  and  for  their  hon 
orable  notice  of  myself. 

With  sentiments  of  high  respect,  I  am,  dear,  sir, 

Your  most  obedient  servant, 



New  Albany  Democrat,  April  6,  184S. 

This  gallant,  and  energetic  officer,  says  the  New  Orleans  Delta,  to 
whose  great  merit  we  were  among  the  first  to  direct  public  attention,  has 
reaped  many  laurels  during  his  short  service  in  the  valley  of  Mexico. 
General  Scott,  we  understand,  thinks  Lane  the  finest  partisan  officer  and 
one  of  the  most  active  and  promising  officers  in  the  army.  We  regret 
deeply  that  private  interests  should  withdraw  General  Lane  from  the  serv 
ice  at  the  present  moment. 

New  Albany  Democrat,  April  6,  1848. 

General  Lane,  we  presume,  has  arrived  at  his  residence  in  Evansville. 
having  left  New  Orleans  on  the  "Concordia." 



Indiana  Sentinel,  April  8,  1848. 

CITY  or  MEXICO,  March  2,  1848. 

The  troops  of  the  Fifth  Indiana  are  now  in  quite  good  health  after 
having  suffered  severely  from  measles  and  erysipelas.  There  are  but  fif 
teen  or  sixteen  on  the  sick  list,  which  has  numbered  as  high  as  130. 
Colonel  Lane  has  been  very  attentive  to  the  improvement  of  his  men  in 
the  details  of  military  duty.  They  now  rank  very  high  as  to  their  ability 
to  perform  the  most  intricate  evolutions  and  drill  service.  No  regiment 


of  volunteers  in  this  valley  can  equal  or  excel  them.  Lieutenant  D.  C. 
Rich  of  Captain  Hull's  company  from  Madison  died  a  few  days  ago  from 
erysipelas.  He  was  the  regimental  quartermaster  and  his  loss  is  severely 
felt  and  deeply  regretted.  He  was  formerly  a  member  of  the  Legislature 
from  Jennings  County.  You  have  probably  ere  this  read  of  the  deaths  of 
Captain  Carey  and  of  Captain  Marshall,  who  was  elected  to  fill  the  va 
cancy  of  Captain  Carey.  *  *  * 

The  Fourth  Regiment,  under  Colonel  Gorman,  is  still  at  Puebla  in 
good  health  and  is  in  a  remarkable  condition  of  good  discipline,  as  good 
as  any  regular  regiment  in  the  army.  The  rifle  regiment,  many  of  whom 
are  Indianians,  is  here  and  is  the  crack  regiment  of  the  service.  They 
are  in  good  health  and  are  the  best  looking  boys  I  have  seen  in  the  city. 
Captain  Simonson  of  the  Rifles  has  been  quite  sick,  but  is  now  convales 
cent.  He  leaves  for  home  on  leave  with  the  train  tomorrow.  General 
Lane  arrived  here  yesterday  from  a  fight  at  Cequaltipan,  where  he  sur 
prised  Padre  Jarauta  and  killed  150  of  his  men  on  the  25th  of  February. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  April  8,  1848. 

We  learn  from  a  gentleman  just  from  Mexico  that  Joseph  Chapman 
of  the  Hancock  volunteer  company  died  at  the  Falling  Bridge  in  Mexico. 
He  was  on  his  way  home. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  April  8,  1848. 

PUEBLA,  MEXICO,  February  20,   1848. 

EDITORS  SENTINEL — This  is  certainly  a  delightful  climate.  The  months 
of  December  and  January  have  passed  off  pleasantly.  The  change  in  the 
temperature  during  these  two  months  has  been  just  sufficient,  and  no 
more,  to  mark  the  change  of  the  season.  *  *  * 

This  city  is  still  garrisoned  by  a  force  of  about  3,000  men :  the  Fourth 
Indiana  and  the  Fourth  Ohio,  together  with  a  detachment  of  artillery  and 
cavalry,  form  this  force.  Colonel  Gorman,  since  the  departure  of  Colonel 
Lane  for  the  City  of  Mexico,  has  command  of  the  brigade  and  controls  the 
military  force  of  the  city,  while  Colonel  Childs  exercises  civil  and  mili 
tary  jurisdiction  over  the  department  at  Puebla.  The  good  order  and  se 
curity  both  to  person  and  property  that  now  prevails  is  the  best  comment 
that  can  be  made  upon  the  vigilance  and  skill  of  these  officers  and  the 
discipline  and  subordination  of  the  men. 

Court-martials  are  occasionally  held,  in  which  all  grievances  are  re 
dressed  and  crime  punished.  Every  one  gets  justice  speedily  without  de 
lay,  fully  without  stint  and  freely  without  price,  but  as  the  Irishman 
told  the  lawyer,  justice  is  the  very  thing  some  of  them  do  not  want.  Com 
plaints  will  be  made  against  the  best  regulated  governments,  not  except 
ing  pure  democracy  itself. 


The  health  of  the  troops  is  improving.  Two  mouths  ago  there  were 
700  men  in  the  hospital,  now  there  are  500.  The  government  provides 
amply  for  the  soldiers,  supplying  them  through  its  commissaries  with  the 
best  the  country  affords,  the  following  being  the  principal  items  in  the 
bill  of  fare:  Fresh  and  salt  beef,  pork  and  mutton,  flour,  rice,  corn  meal 
and  beans,  sugar,  coffee,  candles,  soap,  salt  and  vinegar.  All  these  ar 
ticles  being  the  growth  or  manufacture  of  the  city  or  surrounding  coun 
try,  the  arrival  of  so  many  troops  has  created  a  demand  for  and  increased 
the  price  of  many  articles.  So  far  the  war  has  been  a  benefit  to  the  Mex 
icans.  The  government  also  provided  ample  quarters  for  the  soldiers. 
most  of  them  being  lodged  in  churches  of  splendid  architecture  and  exces 
sive  dimensions,  where  they  can  hold  silent  converse  with  the  prophets, 
apostles,  saints  and  martyrs  of  former  ages.  *  *  * 

The  most  of  the  volunteer  regiments  now  in  Mexico  are  in  strong 
hopes  of  leaving  for  home  in  the  spring.  They  consider  the  war  at  an 


Indiana  Sentinel.  April  8.  1848. 

FUEBLA.  MEXICO.  February  20,  1848. 

The  treaty  of  peace  was  concluded  and  signed  at  Guadaloupe.  a  vil 
lage  near  the  City  of  Mexico,  on  the  2d  inst.  on  the  part  of  Mr.  Trist  and 
the  Mexican  authorities.  It  only  remains  for  the  Mexican  Congress  and 
American  Senate  to  confirm  it,  and  this  war  is  at  an  end.  and  this  will 
be  done.  I  have  very  little  doubt,  but  even  then  we  shall  not  get  home  until 
some  time  in  July.  *  *  * 

Indiana  and  you.  as  her  chief  head,  may  well  be  proud  of  the  Fourth 
Indiana  Regiment,  for  the  men  have  won  undying  honors  by  their  gal 
lantry  and  good  discipline. 



Indiana  Sentinel  April  12,  1848. 

PUEBLA.  MEXICO,  February  7.  1848. 

EDITORS  SEXTIXEL — I  notice  in  one  of  your  papers  the  publication  of  a 
letter  that  I  addressed  to  you  some  time  since  from  this  place.  My  at 
tention  being  called  to  it  by  a  friend,  I  could  not  help  discovering 
several  slight  mistakes  that  had  occurred  in  its  publication,  owing,  no 
doubt,  to  the  indistinct  and  hurried  manner  in  which  it  was  written.  I 
intended  to  have  noticed  the  three  lieutenants  of  the  Marion  County  com 
pany,  but  I  find  that,  as  the  letter  is  published,  there  seems  to  be  but  two 
of  them  spoken  of,  Lieutenants  Pillbean  and  Combs,  gentlemen  who  de 
serve  notice  for  their  uniform  attention  to  their  duty  and  for  their  gal 
lantry  in  the  field,  but  not  more  so  than  Mr.  Lewis,  a  citizen  of  your 


county  and  a  volunteer  of  the  last  year  who,  as  first  lieutenant  of  the 
company  which  it  is  my  good  fortune  to  command,  has  always  been  ready 
and  efHcieut  in  his  assistance.  At  Huamautla,  though  unwell  at  the  time, 
he  commanded  the  company  in  person  and  led  them  into  action.  At 
Puebla,  Atlixco  and  Tlascala  he  distinguished  himself  in  the  position  he 
then  occupied.  Feeling  under  obligations  to  him  for  his  prompt  dis 
charge  of  his  duty  on  all  occasions  I  seize  this  first  opportunity  to  repair 
my  seeming,  though  not  actual,  neglect  of  his  claims  by  me. 

As  it  may  be  news  to  you  and  undoubtedly  it  will  be  to  the  friends  of 
those  who  have  not  written  home  lately,  I  subjoin  a  list  of  those  who  have 
died  or  been  discharged  since  our  leaving  Jeffersonville : 

Samuel  Liggins,  died  at  New  Orleans  hospital  July  22,  1847. 

George  T.  Edwards,  died  at  New  Orleans  hospital  July  28,  1847. 

Thomas  Admire,  died  at  Camargo  on  the  Rio  Grande,  July  31,  1847. 

George  Calhoun,  died  at  Puebla  October  16,  1847. 

Reuben  Allen,   died  at   Puebla  November  20,   1847. 

Charles  Coulter,  shot  at  Tlascala  November  10,  1847. 

John  Sawder,  shot  at  Atlixco. 

Obadiah  S.  Winters,  died  at  Puebla  December  5,  1847. 

John  C.  W.  McLuer,  died  at  Puebla  December  30,  1847. 

Charles  Bell,  died  at  Puebla  December  31,  1847. 

George  Erice,  died  at  Vera  Cruz  January  17,   1847. 

George  Baker,  died  at  Mier  hospital  August  26,  1847. 

These,  including  Thomas  McCoy,  who  died  at  Jeffersonville,  will  make 
thirteen  deaths  in  eight  months  out  of  81  persons.  Most  of  those  in  this 
list  have  died  from  the  diseases  of  this  country,  far  from  their  friends 
and  from  that  country  to  avenge  whose  wrongs  they  were  willing  to  risk 
their  lives,  and  they  have  fallen,  not  as  they  could  have  wished,  on  the 
field  of  battle,  but  passing  away  on  a  slow  and  torturing  bed  of  sickness. 

Those  who  have  been  discharged  for  sickness  incurred  in  the  service 
in  Mexico  are: 

Jesse  Burton,  mouth  of  the  Rio  Grande,  September  10,  1847, 

Andrew  Wells,  Puebla,  November  3,  1847, 

Enoch  Stevens,  Puebla,  November  3,  1847, 

James  Higdon,  Puebla,  December  12,  1847, 

John  H.  Lamphier,  Vera  Cruz,  December  26,  1847, 

Benjamin  Bell,  Vera  Cruz,  January  3,  1848, 

Preston  Lawson,  Vera  Cruz,  January  3,  1848, 

who  must  by  this  time  have  reached  home,  if  they  were  able  to  reach  it, 
some  of  them  being  very  feeble  when  they  left  here. 

The  health  of  the  regiment  generally  is  good.  The  only  complaints 
under  which  the  few  who  are  sick  are  suffering  appear  to  be  colds,  more 
or  less  severe,  and  those  most  probably  caused  by  exposure  on  guard  at 
night.  The  climate  has  been  very  fine  for  the  last  three  months,  with 
scarcely  a  sign  of  rain,  nearly  resembling  what  we  call  Indian  sum 
mer.  *  *  * 

You  will  be  sorry  to  learn  that  the  gold  medal  which  the  officers  of 
his  brigade  intended  to  present  to  the  General,  was  taken  from  the  body 


of  Captain  Kessler  after  his  death,  by  a  party  of  guerrillas.  The  captain 
and  five  others,  on  their  way  to  the  city,  were  attacked  by  this  party 
numbering  some  fifty  men,  and  he  and  two  others  were  killed,  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  Moore,  Lieutenant  Roessler  and  one  soldier  making  good  their  es 
cape  to  San  Martin,  near  which  place  they  had  been  attacked.  Captain 
Kessler  was  a  brave  and  intelligent  officer,  highly  esteemed  by  all  who 
knew  him  and  one  whose  loss  is  deeply  felt  here. 

New  Albany  Democrat,  April  13,  1848. 

The  citizens  of  Evansville  have  tendered  General  Lane  a  public  dinner 
at  such  time  as  may  suit  his  convenience.  Of  all  the  gallant  soldiers  our 
country  has  sent  to  the  battlefield  none  is  more  worthy  of  this  testimonial 
of  regard  from  his  fellow  citizens  than  is  General  Lane. 


New  Albany  Democrat.  April  13,  1848. 

Lieutenant  D.  C.  Rich  of  Jennings  County,  died  on  the  first  of  Febru 
ary  at  Molino  del  Rey.  He  was  first  taken  with  fever  and  afterward  with 
erysipelas,  which  caused  his  death. 



New  Albany  Democrat.  April  13,  1848. 

HARDINSBURG,  INDIANA,  April  6,  1848. 

MR.  EDITOR — After  my  respects  to  you  I  would  ask  of  you  a  small 
space  for  telling  a  few  simple  and  plain  truths  relative  to  the  letter  that 
I  find  in  your  paper  today  from  General  Taylor  to  the  editor  of  the  Jour 
nal  at  Indianapolis,  relative  to  the  conduct  of  the  Second  Indiana  Regi 
ment  at  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista. 

General  Taylor  states  that  his  report  was  founded  on  his  own  per 
sonal  observation  and  on  the  reports  of  his  subordinate  officers,  who,  I  take 
the  liberty  to  say,  would  fain  reap  the  glory  so  hardly  and  nobly  won  by 
the  Indiana  troops,  whose  naked  breasts  were  a  shield,  and  even  a  bat 
tery  for  those  who  would  now  trample  us  under  their  feet,  and  meanly, 
sueakingly  and  underminingly  take  thus  the  laurels  so  nobly  won  by  those 
who  are  now  compelled  to  suffer  from  their  calumny.  I  for  one  can  say 
that  the  Second  Regiment  fought  for  twenty-two  minutes  in  one  of  the 
hottest  and  most  unequal  contests  that  was  fought  that  day  before  General 
Taylor  came  upon  the  field  of  battle.  I  do  not  condemn  General  Taylor 
for  not  being  there;  his  business  may  have  called  him  to  town,  but  I  do 
disdain  the  name  of  Taylor  and  will  as  long  as  I  live,  unless  he  does  jus- 


tice  to  the  Indiana  troops  who  stood  and  fought  until  their  guns  became 
so  hot  that  they  would  go  off  while  the  men  were  loading  them. 

General  Taylor  says  that  if  the  enemy  had  continued  the  contest  on 
the  following  day,  he  would  have  placed  the  Second  Regiment  in  action 
and  that  he  did  not  doubt  the  men  would  have  acquitted  themselves  with 
gallantry.  Now,  I  would  like  to  know  where  is  the  man  who  could  desire 
a  fairer  trial  for  men  than  to  see  but  a  little  more  than  four  hundred 
inarch  out  three-quarters  of  a  mile  from  any  assistance  and  meet  and  fight 
four  thousand  and  more  of  the  enemy's  choicest  troops  in  the  open  field 
for  twenty-two  minutes,  which  is  a  longer  time  than  we  have  ever  had 
any  account  of  troops  standing  before  one  party  gave  way,  and  I  would 
cite  General  Taylor  to  the  sworn  statement  of  Colonel  Lane  of  the  Third 
Indiana  before  the  court  of  inquiry,  concerning  the  conduct  of  Colonel 
Bowles.  He  stated  that  at  the  time  the  Mexicans  made  a  heavy  charge 
on  him  in  the  afternoon,  there  were  three  hundred  or  more  of  the  Second 
Regiment  in  conjunction  with  his  at  that  time.  Add  ninety-six  men  killed 
and  wounded  to  that  number  and  there  were  very  few  but  what  were  not 
fighting  all  day.  As  I  said  before,  I  shall  continue  to  denounce  as  a  base 
calumniator  the  man  who  would,  for  the  sake  of  self-aggrandizement, 
trample  under  foot  the  rights  so  nobly  won  by  others. 

This  I  give  you  as  one  who  was  in  that  battle  from  the  beginning  to 
the  end,  and  one  who  was  seriously  injured  by  the  enemy's  horsemen,  and 
who  still,  at  times,  suffers  from  the  wound  received  from  them.  I  give  it 
as  one  who  is  willing  to  testify  to  the  truth  of  what  he  says.  Use  this  as 
you  think  proper  and  I  would  feel  thankful  if  the  old  fellow  would  get  the 
contents  of  this  letter  into  his  possession  from  the  Fourth  Sergeant  in 
Captain  Nathan  Kimball's  company. 

Yours  respectfully, 



Indiana  Sentinel,  April  26,  1848. 

The  gallant  General  Lane  was  received  with  great  enthusiasm  at 
Evansville  on  Saturday  last.  In  the  course  of  some  remarks  made  in  re 
sponse  to  his  welcome,  he  alluded  (according  to  the  Evansville  Commer 
cial)  to  the  retreat  of  the  Second  Indiana  at  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista  and 
said  that  he  was  convinced  that  no  nobler  or  braver  regiment  of  soldiers 
was  engaged  in  that  great  battle  than  the  Second  Regiment,  and  he  fur 
ther  remarked  that  the  enemy  was  completely  whipped  when  the  cowardly 
Colonel  Bowles,  commanding  that  regiment,  ordered  a  retreat.  In  connec 
tion  with  this  subject  he  mentioned  the  fact  that  through  this  ill-fated 
hour  the  lives  of  the  gallant  Clay,  McKee  and  Hardin  were  sacrificed,  and 
he  hoped  God  would  forgive  him  for  mentioning  the  name  of  this  coward 
in  connection  with  those  noble  spirits  of  Kentucky  and  Illinois. 


Evansiille  Journal,  May  2,  1848. 

Brigadier-General  Lane  left  this  city  on  Saturday  on  the  steamer 
"Andrew  Jackson"  to  resume  command  of  his  brigade  in  Mexico.  There 
will  be  some  scampering  among  the  guerrillas  when  they  learn  that 
"Marion"  is  in  the  saddle  again. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  May  17,  1848. 

If  I  were  to  select  a  fine  specimen  of  a  backwoodsman  (says  Cist's 
Advertiser),  it  should  be  Joseph  Lane.  I  would  take  a  foreigner  (if  in  my 
power)  fifty  miles  to  visit  Lane  as  an  admirable  illustration  of  the  work 
ings  of  our  political  and  social  institutions.  I  know  nothing  of  his  early 
history,  but  presume  it  is  that  of  thousands  in  the  west.  I  knew  him  only 
as  a  farmer  and  a  wood  merchant  on  the  banks  of  the  Ohio,  in  which 
character  I  first  made  his  acquaintance.  He  came  on  board  the  steam 
boat  Andrew  Jackson  to  receive  pay  for  a  lot  of  wood  sold  the  boat  and 
was  introduced  to  me  by  Captain  Eckert.  He  wore  a  blanket  coat  and  his 
general  appearance  was  that  of  a  backwoodsman,  but  I  had  not  conversed 
with  him  more  than  five  minutes  before  I  set  him  down  as  a  man  of  no 
ordinary  cast. 

Later  and  more  intimate  acquaintance  confirmed  my  judgment  and  in 
his  late  military  career  in  Mexico  he  has  shone  conspicuous  for  gallantry 
and  good  conduct,  even  iu  the  galaxy  of  heroes  which  the  war  with 
Mexico  has  brought  to  public  notice.  It  may  not  be  amiss  to  state  how 
he  received  his  military  appointment,  taken  as  he  was  from  the  farm  to 
lead  armies  to  victory. 

When  it  became  the  duty  of  the  President  to  make  the  appointment  of 
Brigadier-General,  it  was  felt  by  every  western  member  of  Congress  to  be 
a  prize  for  his  constituents.  Probably  some  fifty  names  had  been  handed 
in  to  the  President  accordingly.  Robert  Dale  Owen,  in  whose  district 
Lane  resides,  entertaining  no  such  local  pride,  would  probably  not  have 
furnished  any  name  but  for  a  suggestion  to  that  effect  from  one  of  the  In 
diana  senators:  "Who  do  you  intend  recommending?"  "Why,"  said 
Owen,  "I  had  not  thought  of  offering  a  name.  There  are  no  applications 
to  me  from  my  own  district,  but  if  you  think  it  due  to  it  to  offer  a  name 
1  shall  hand  in  that  of  Joe  Lane." 

The  senator  approved  of  the  choice,  and  it  was  accordingly  sug 
gested.  The  President,  as  usual,  said  he  would  give  it  his  favorable  con 
sideration.  A  few  days  afterward  Mr.  Owen  was  transacting  some  private 
business  at  the  White  House.  After  it  was  finished,  "By  the  by,  Mr. 
Owen,"  observed  the  President,  "I  shall  have  to  appoint  your  friend  Lane 
to  the  brigadier-generalship  and  I  hope  you  have  well  considered  your 
recommendation,  for  the  office  is  a  very  responsible  one."  "I  know  noth 
ing,"  replied  Mr.  Owen,  "of  Lane's  military  talent,  but  there  are  about 
him  those  elements  of  character  which,  in  all  times  of  difficulty,  cause 
every  one  to  rally  instinctively  around  him  as  leader.  This  has  been  the 
case  in  early  days  when  lawless  men  infested  the  river  border.  Whether 


cm  shore  or  among  boatmen  011  the  river,  Laiie  was  the  man  relied  on  to 
keep  such  men  in  order  and  he  was  always  found  equal  to  every  emer 
gency.  I  would  select  him  for  the  office  before  any  other  man  I  know  if 
I  had  the  appointment  to  make." 

Lane  was  appointed.  The  sequel  is  history  and  justified  the  penetra 
tive  judgment  of  Mr.  Owen.  Lane  has  developed  qualities  which  place 
him  in  the  front  rank  of  military  service. 

When  the  news  of  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista  reached  Washington  Mr. 
Owen  called  on  President  Folk.  "Well,  sir,"  exclaimed  he,  "what  do  you 
think  of  our  Hoosier  General?"  "Ah,"  said  the  President,  with  a  quiet 
smile,  "Mr.  Owen,  you  are  safe  out  of  that  scrape." 


Indiana  Sentinel,  May  20,  1848. 

George  H.  Chapman,  midshipman  U.  S.  N.,  son  of  one  of  the  editors  of 
this  paper,  has  been  transferred  from  the  frigate  Cumberland  to  the 
schooner  Flirt.  We  mention  this  that  those  who  wish  to  send  to  him  may 
be  enabled  to  do  so  correctly. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  May  20,  1848. 

The  following  letter  from  General  Lane  pays  a  meritorious  tribute  to 
the  gallant  conduct  of  Captain  Ford  in  the  fight  at  Pnebla.  We  take 
pleasure  in  giving  it  through  our  columns : 

CITY  OF  MEXICO,  Jan.  13,  1848. 
Captain  Ford,  Third  Dragoons : 

DEAR  SIB — In  looking  over  the  report  of  my  entrance  into  the  City  of 
Puebla  on  the  12tb  day  of  October,  I  find  that  your  name  and  good  con 
duct  have  been  omitted,  which  was,  I  assure  you,  unintentional.  You 
came  out  with  your  company  under  a  heavy  fire  from  the  enemy  in  fine 
order  and  met  me  two  miles  from  the  city.  You  made  known  to  me  that 
the  enemy  were  in  strong  force  and  would  attack  my  column  near  the 
bridge,  which  is  near  the  edge  of  the  city,  and  that  in  a  street  fight  cav 
alry  could  render  but  little  service.  I  found  it  just  as  you  told  me.  You 
were  with  me  during  the  fight  and  rendered  me  good  service. 

I  write  this  note,  as  I  have  no  other  way  to  make  amends  for  the 

With  great  respect.  1  am,  dear  sir,  your  obedient  servant, 



New  Albany  Democrat,  June  1,  1848. 

PUEBLA,  May  3,  1848. 
Editor  Democrat : 

DEAR  SIB—  *  *  *  Colonel  Willis  A.  Gorman  of  the  Fourth  Indi 
ana  is  now  civil  and  military  governor  of  Puebla,  and  a  good  one,  too,  he 
is.  He  stands  A  No.  1  as  a  colonel  and  as  a  governor  gives  satisfaction  to 
all.  His  regiment  was  pronounced  by  General  Scott  not  long  since,  to  be 
the  cleanest,  neatest  and  best  drilled  volunteers  in  the  service.  The  news 
from  Querataro  is  so  conflicting  that  we  can  furnish  you  nothing  tangible. 
Major  Mooney  of  Indiana  is  quartermaster  at  this  post. 


Indiana  Sentinel  June  7,  1848. 


PUEBLA,  MEXICO,  May  8,  1848. 
David  Reynolds,  Adjutant-General : 

DEAR  SIR — The  following  are  the  commissioned  officers  elected  and  pro 
moted  in  the  Fourth  Regiment  Indiana  Volunteers  since  the  first  of  Janu 
ary  last,  which  I  have  the  honor  to  lay  before  you  by  the  command  of 
Colonel  W.  A.  Gorman. 

The  commissions  were  issued  in  conformity  with  the  instructions  of 
the  Governor  of  Indiana  upon  the  proper  certificates  of  election : 


,   sg       s 

rn  00  1C  «O  »O  CO  >O  O  i-i 

o    „ 




Indiana  Sentinel  June  10,  1S48. 

Telegraphic  dispatches  announce  the  ratification  of  the  treaty  of  peace 
by  the  Mexican  government,  and  it  is  further  stated  that  orders  have  been 
issued  from  the  headquarters  of  our  army  to  call  in  all  the  American  out 
posts  and  march  immediately  to  the  coast  for  embarkation  under  the 
charge  of  General  Persifer  F.  Smith. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  June  21,  1848. 

Captain  John  S.  Sirnonson,  who  was  with  General  Scott  in  the  whole 
of  his  victorious  march  from  Vera  Cruz  to  the  City  of  Mexico,  and  who 
greatly  distinguished  himself  in  several  important  battles,  will  be  present 
at  the  great  Democratic  rally  on  Saturday  next.  Let  Indiana  honor  her 
own  sons  who  have  so  gloriously  distinguished  themselves  and  shed  their 
blood  for  their  country.  We  are  told  that  Governor  Whitcomb  will  also 
address  the  meeting. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  June  21,  1848. 

June  10,  1848. 
Messrs.  Chapman : 

GENTLEMEN — I  herewith  transmit  you  a  letter  from  one  of  Indiana's 
most  valiant  and  noble  sons,  written  on  the  memorable  22d  of  February, 
the  day  that  told  so  well  for  Indiana,  and  I  wish  through  you  to  present  it 
to  his  companions  in  arms  who  shared  with  him  in  the  toils  and  priva 
tions  of  the  campaign  of  184G-47. 

I  am,  with  much  esteem,  yours, 


PUEBLA.  MEXICO,  Feb.  22,  1848. 
Mr.  Robert  Graham : 

DEAE  FRIEND — I  am  devoting  this  day  to  writing  exclusively  to  my 
old  companions  in  arms  at  Bueiia  Vista.  It  is  now  12  o'clock.  At  this  hour 
twelve  months  ago  you  were  by  my  side  moving  to  attack  the  enemies  of 
our  country,  meeting  danger  at  every  step.  The  recollections  are  vivid 
before  my  eyes  and  no  doubt  the  same  feelings  are  actuating  you.  This  is 
a  cheerful  day.  I  have  had  calls  from  several  of  the  paroled  officers  of 
the  Mexican  army  who  stood  before  the  keen  crack  of  your  unerring  rifles. 
They  tell  me  that  our  rifles  were  the  messengers  of  death  at  every  shot. 
They  speak  of  the  gallant  daring  of  our  riflemen  in  the  most  enthusiastic 

I  am  now  acting  civil  and  military  governor  of  this  city  and  am  in 
command  of  about  2,500  men  composing  the  garrison.  For  four  months  I 
have  been  in  command  of  General  Lane's  old  brigade,  to  wit :  The  Fourth 


Indiana  and  Fourth  Ohio  Regiments,  Fourth  Artillery  regular  battalion, 
five  companies  of  the  Fifth  Ohio,  two  companies  of  the  Second  Artillery 
and  two  companies  of  Florida  Volunteers. 

The  only  joy  I  wish  when  I  return  is  to  meet  my  gallant  companions 
on  this  memorable  day  one  year  past.  The  Fourth  Indiana  has  seen  much 
service  since  they  came  upon  this  line.  They  have  fought  the  enemy  in 
four  contested  fights  and  nobly  and  gallantly  have  they  done  their  duty. 

The  battle  of  Huamantla  was  about  such  a  fight  as  Palo  Alto,  and 
Atlixco  about  such  as  Resaca  de  la  Palma.  The  raising  of  the  siege  at 
Puebla  was  a  street  fight,  very  dangerous,  but  I  cannot  compare  it  to  -any 
fight  that  you  know  the  details  of,  as  it  was  running  and  charging  the 
lancers  and  infantry  in  every  direction.  The  two  battles  of  Tlascala 
were  handsome  affairs.  The  battle  of  Matamoros  in  this  State  was  better 
contested  and  more  fatal,  as  General  Lane's  adjutant-general  was  killed, 
and  other  gallant  fellows.  In  all  of  this  fight  the  Fourth  Indiana  had  a 
large  share.  It  affords  me  great  satisfaction  to  know  how  gloriously  they 
have  sustained  the  honor  and  chivalry  of  Indiana. 

The  happy  recollections  of  this  day  and  the  gallantry  of  the  rifle  bat 
talion  on  the  mountain  heights  of  Buena  Vista  will  always  be  highest  in 
my  admiration  through  life.  They  commenced  the  fight;  they  ended  it. 
They  fought  four  hours  longer  than  any  American  troops  engaged;  they 
fought  against  ten  times  their  number;  they  fought  without  meat,  bread 
or  water;  they  lay  upon  cold  rocks  without  covering;  they  withstood  the 
cold  blasts  of  winter  and  the  ten  thousand  shafts  of  death  poured  upon 
their  devoted  heads  without  a  murmur,  and  the  officers  and  men,  I  pray 
God,  may  live  to  reap  that  just  reward  from  their  country  which  I  know 
they  so  richly  merit. 

Hoping  that  peace  will  soon  restore  us  all  to  the  bosom  of  our  homes, 
our  families  and  our  friends,  I  must  close. 

I  am,  with  the  highest  esteem,  your  friend, 


P.  S. — Give  my  special  regards  to  all  your  company,  particularly  to 
those  whom  I  know  personally.  Tell  them  that  all  the  shafts  of  envy  can 
never  take  from  their  brows  the  well-earned  laurels  in  the  hour  of  trial 
and  death. — Gorman. 

P.  S. — The  treaty  of  peace  which  Mr.  Trist  and  the  Mexican  author 
ities  have  made,  signed  and  transmitted  to  our  government  needs  nothing 
but  the  confirmation  of  the  Congress  of  the  United  States  and  Mexico  and 
I  have  no  doubt  this  will  be  done  promptly.  I  therefore  think  I  shall  see 
you  all  by  July  if  a  kind  Providence  spares  niy  life  that  long.  Again  let 
me  assure  you  I  am  your  friend. — Willis  A.  Gorman. 


Louisville  Courier,  July  11,  1848. 

The  following  steamers  passed  up  the  river  yesterday  morning  with 
Troops  on  their  way  home  to  be  discharged :  The  Belle  of  the  West,  with 
five  companies  of  Massachusetts  Volunteers  under  command  of  Colonel 


Wright;  the  Sarah  Bladen,  with  several  companies  of  the  Fourth  Ohio: 
the  Chalmette,  with  three  companies  of  the  First  Pennsylvania,  under 
command  of  Major  Cowman;  The  Bulletin  arrived  at  Portland  yesterday 
afternoon  with  six  companies  of  the  Fourth  Indiana  under  command  of 
Colonel  Gorman.  They  marched  up  to  and  through  the  city  and  started 
about  5  o'clock  for  Madison  on  the  steamer  Swiftsure.  They  generally  ap 
peared  to  be  in  .very  good  health.  Two  men  died  on  the  upward  trip,  one 
of  whom  was  buried  at  Flint  Island. 

Indiana  Sentinel,  July  15,  1848. 

Some  four  companies  of  Indiana  Volunteers,  Fourth  Itegiment,  have 
arrived  and  encamped  at  Madison.  We  understand  the  balance  of  the  regi 
ment  are  daily  expected,  as  also  all  or  a  part  of  the  Fifth.  They  are  to 
be  mustered  out  of  service  at  that  point  in  five  or  six  days.  Those  from 
the  camp  with  whom  we  have  conversed  state  that  the  brave  fellows  look 
remarkably  well  generally.  It  is  probable  we  may  expect  them  about  the 
20th  or  22d. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  July  19,  1848. 

Twelve  wagons  under  the  conduct  of  noble  farmers  of  Vigo  county, 
mostly  from  Riley  township,  arrived  in  this  city  Sunday  evening  for  the 
purpose  of  conveying  home  such  of  the  volunteers  as  belong  to  that  county 
who  are  expected  daily  by  the  railroad.  More  than  two  weeks  ago  these 
whole-hearted  and  patriotic  men  had  made  arrangements  to  give  the  boys 
from  Mexico  a  free  barbecue  in  Riley  township,  where  many  of  them  live. 
A  public  dinner  is  also  to  be  given  them  at  Cloverlaud  and  at  Dunham's 
Settlement  in  Clay  county.  Hurrah  for  Vigo.  Nine  cheers  for  the  full 
and  free  hearts  of  Riley  township. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  July  19,  1848. 

Pursuant  to  published  notice  a  large  and  respectable  number  of  the 
citizens  of  Indianapolis  and  vicinity  assembled  at  the  eastern  market  house 
on  Monday  night,  the  17th  of  July. 

On  motion  General  J.  P.  Drake  was  called  to  the  chair  and  Isaac 
Smith  appointed  secretary. 

General  Drake  briefly  stated  the  object  of  the  meeting. 

On  motion  a  committee  of  ten  was  appointed  to  make  all  the  necessary 
arrangements  for  a  welcome  reception  to  the  gallant  volunteers,  consist 
ing  of  J.  Vandergrift.  S.  P.  Daniels,  General  J.  P.  Drake,  G.  A.  Chapman, 
John  Patterson,  Lieutenant  Lewis  Wallace,  Lieutenant  C.  C.  Smith,  W. 
J.  Peaslee,  John  H.  Anderson  and  General  Reynolds. 

On  motion  of  Mr.  Vandergrift,  it  was  resolved  that  the  committee  meet 
at  Coats'  Hotel  on  Tuesday  morning  at  8  o'clock. 



New  Albany  Democrat,  July  20,  1848. 

Within  the  past  week  nearly  all  the  volunteers  from  Indiana,  Ohio, 
Kentucky,  Pennsylvania,  Michigan,  Massachusetts  and  perhaps  other 
states,  have  passed  up  the  river  on  their  way  home.  The  Fourth  and 
Fifth  Indiana  Regiments  are  now  at  Madison,  where  it  is  probable  they 
\vill  be  paid  off  and  mustered  out  of  service  in  a  few  days. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  July  22,  1848. 

Captain  Landers'  company,  raised  in  this  city,  returned  in  the  cars 
on  last  Wednesday.  They  were  greeted  by  the  cheers  of  a  large  number 
of  our  citizens  and  were  addressed  by  General  Drake.  A  public  dinner  was 
provided  for  them. 

Indiana  Sentinel,  July  26,  1848. 

Company  H  of  the  Fourth  Regiment  arrived  in  this  city  on  Friday  by 
the  railroad  cars,  Hook  dinner  in  a  body  at  Little's  Tavern,  at  which  we 
had  the  honor  of  being  present  as  invited  guests,  and  left  in  the  afternoon 
in  thirteen  wagons  sent  on  by  their  friends  and  neighbors  from  Vigo 
county,  where  they  chiefly  reside.  The  greeting,  as  their  relatives  and 
friends  met  them  at  the  depot,  was  very  affecting. 



Indiana  Sentinel,  July  26,  1848. 

At  a  large  and  enthusiastic  meeting  of  the  Democrats  of  Indianapolis 
held  at  the  court  house  on  Monday  evening,  the  24th  of  July,  1848,  James 
Blake,  Esq.,  was  called  to  the  chair,  and  N.  Bolton  elected  secretary. 

The  object  of  the  meeting  being  stated,  S.  W.  Norris  offered  the  fol 
lowing  preamble  and  resolutions,  which  were  adopted,  to  wit: 

Whereas,  The  soldiers  from  Indiana  in  the  Mexican  war,  now  that 
peace  is  concluded,  have  returned  to  their  State  again  to  mingle  with  their 
fellow  citizens  in  the  peaceful  pursuits  ot  private  life,  and, 

Whereas,  There  is  a  great  desire  manifested  to  give  them  a  hearty 
democratic  welcome  at  the  capital  of  Indiana,  it  is  the  opinion  of  this 
meeting  that  Brevet  Major-General  Joseph  Lane  be  invited  to  visit  Indian 
apolis  at  his  early  convenience  and  that,  as  soon  as  he  fixes  upon  a  time, 
a  general  invitation  be  given  to  all  the  officers  and  soldiers  in  Indiana  who 
have  participated  in  the  Mexican  war,  also  to  attend  with  him,  that  a 
public  manifestation  of  gratitude  may  be  given  for  their  distinguished 
services.  *  *  * 

Captain  Landers,  who  has  just  returned  from  Mexico,  being  present, 
was  enthusiastically  called  upon  and  responded  in  an  address,  which,  in 
point  of  eloquence,  has  been  rarely  equaled  in  Indianapolis. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  August  2,  1848. 

The  Centre  Guards,  Captain  McDougall ;  the  Covingtou  Guards,  Cap 
tain  Evans,  and  the  Washington  Guards,  Captain  Shunk,  of  the  Fifth  In 
diana  Volunteers,  returned  to  this  city  on  Monday  last.  Ample  arrange 
ments  were  made  to  give  a  hearty  welcome. to  these  brave  men,  who  have- 
so  faithfully  served  the  State,  to  the  hospitalities  of  the  capital.  A  diunor 
was  prepared  at  the  hotel  of  Mr.  Coats,  to  which  all  were  invited.  A  mili 
tary  escort  under  command  of  Captain  G.  A.  Chapman,  met  the  cars  at  the 
depot  and  General  Reynolds  met  the  train  about  four  miles  from  the  city 
and  informed  the  officers  and  men  of  the  arrangements,  yet  such  was  the 
excitement  and  anxiety  of  the  boys  to  see  their  friends  who  were  waiting 
to  receive  them,  that  it  was  impossible  to  form  them  regularly  into  line. 
Large  numbers,  however,  partook  of  the  dinner,  at  the  close  of  which  Gov 
ernor  Whitcomb  made  a  short  address. 


Indiana  Sentinel,  August  9,  1848. 

Arrived  at  Madison  on  the  27th  inst.  on  the  steamer  Yazoo  City,  a  de 
tachment  of  the  Sixteenth  U.  S.  Infantry,  under  command  of  T.  T.  Gar- 
rard,  en  route  for  Newport  Barracks.  The  detachment  is  composed  of 
Company  B,  Captain  John  T.  Hughes;  Company  E,  Captain  T.  T.  Gar- 
rard;  Company  F,  Captain  E.  A.  Graves,  and  Company  H,  Captain  J.  P. 
Smith.  The  companies  are  in  excellent  health,  there  being  out  of  370  rank 
and  file,  but  one  on  the  sick  list.  All  will  be  discharged  immediately  on 
their  arrival  at  Newport. 

We  regret  to  hear  the  loss  our  State  has  sustained  in  the  death  of 
Major  James  M.  Talbott  of  this  regiment,  who  died  at  Monterey,  Mexico, 
on  the  loth  of  June  last.  Major  Talbott  went  out  to  Mexico  in  command 
of  the  First  Regiment  of  the  Sixteenth  Infantry,  composed  of  Companies 
C,  Captain  Hendricks,  and  K,  Captain  Braunou,  and  was  on  constant  duty 
until  a  few  days  prior  to  his  death.  On  the  day  subsequent  to  his  death 
the  officers  of  the  Sixteenth  Infantry  from  our  State,  held  a  meeting  at 
which  resolutions  befitting  the  occasion  were  adopted,  by  which  the  re 
mains  of  Major  Talbott  were  placed  in  charge  of  Captain  John  T.  Hughes 
and  Lieutenant  John  A.  Markley,  to  be  transported  with  the  returning 
regiment  to  the  friends  of  the  deceased  in  Madison.  Captain  Hughes  com 
pleted  the  sad  and  melancholy  duty  devolving  upon  him  and  Mr.  Markley 
on  the  27th  inst.  at  the  Madison  Landing,  there  delivering  the  corpse  to  a 
committee  of  the  Masonic  fraternity,  who  received  it  on  behalf  of  the 

Thus  has  another  been  added  to  the  brave  sons  of  Indiana,  who,  in 
the  war  with  Mexico  have  laid  down  their  lives  for  the  honor  and  glory  of 
our  country.  Major  Talbott  was  a  man  of  high  order  of  natural  ability, 
of  superior  attainments,  and  one  who  promised  fair  soon  to  occupy  a  dis 
tinguished  place  in  the  councils  of  the  nation.  Of  a  warm-hearted  tern- 


perament  and  stimulated  by  that  patriotism  which  so  distinguished  our 
State  on  the  first  call  being  made  by  the  President  at  the  commencement 
of  the  war,  he  raised  one  of  the  twenty-four  companies  proffered  the  Gov 
ernor  above  the  requisition,  and  after  this  disappointment  received  unso 
licited  the  honorable  position  of  major  of  the  Sixteenth  Infantry.  It  will 
be  recollected  that  this  regiment  has  never  been  in  any  general  engage 
ment  further  than  a  few  skirmishes  with  guerrillas,  but  throughout  the 
period  of  his  service  Major  Talbott  has  been  distinguished  intellectually 
as  a  man  of  high  order  of  abilities  as  an  officer,  a  strict  disciplinarian, 
brave  and  devoted  to  his  country. 

Thus,  we  repeat,  has  another  son  of  our  State  been  offered  up  (for 
it  matters  not  whether  a  soldier  fall  by  disease  or  the  sword)  as  a  sacri 
fice  to  our  country's  welfare  and  glory.  Many  of  our  volunteer  officers, 
like  Major  Talbott,  have  fallen  and  been  mourned  by  the  afflicted  domes 
tic  circle  at  home,  but  we  hold  that  the  memories  of  such  men  become, 
after  death,  the  property  of  the  state  and  nation,  because  their  lives  have 
been  freely  devoted  to  the  nation's  welfare  and  glory  and  as  such  we  hold 
them  up  to  our  readers,  believing  that  though  no  opportunity  will  be  af 
forded  in  the  war  now  so  auspiciously  brought  to  an  end,  that  upon  an 
other  occasion  the  youth  of  our  country  will  be,  as  ever  heretofore,  ready 
to  rally  arourd  the  standard  of  our  country. 

The  subalterns  with  this  detachment  are  Lieutenants  Berry,  McMordy, 
Whitcomb  and  Garrard. 


Western  Sun  and  Advertiser. 


August  17,  1848. 
John  R.  Jones,  Esq. : 

The  urgent  call  upon  me  in  your  paper  and  the  State  Sentinel,  to 
gether  with  many  and  frequent  calls  made  upon  me  by  the  citizens  of  my 
own  and  other  counties,  induce  me  to  present  to  the  public,  through  the 
columns  of  your  paper,  what  I  deem  to  be  a  faithful  narrative  of  the  part 
taken  by  the  Second  Regiment  in  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista  on  the  22d 
and  23d  of  February,  1847,  in  the  Republic  of  Mexico. 

I  suppose  it  is  probable  that  some  in  our  country,  from  what  I  can 
learn  from  the  public  news  and  rumors  of  the  day,  are  inclined  to  come 
to  the  conclusion  that  I  should  have  made  an  official  report  of  the  doings 
of  the  Second  Regiment  on  those  eventful  days.  I  was  only  the  lieuten 
ant-colonel  of  the  regiment,  consequently  it  would  have  been  assuming  a 
province  that  did  not  belong  to  me  to  have  made  a  report  unless  I  had 
been  called  upon  by  my  superior  officers,  and  hence  if  the  public  mind 
has  received  a  wrong  bias  from  any  of  the  official  reports  of  that  day  or 
of  any  statement  that  has  since  been  made  to  the  public,  it  is  no  fault  of 




As  to  the  part  I  took  or  acted  in  the  transactions  of  those  two  days, 
for  myself  I  am  perfectly  satisfied  that  my  reputation  be  left  with  those 
who  know  me  and  the  candid  everywhere.  A  decent  respect  for  truth 
requires  at  my  hand  the  following  narrative  in  vindication  of  the  Second 
Indiana  Regiment  from  the  unjust  aspersions  cast  upon  them  as  to  the 
part  acted  on  the  23d.  Permit  me  to  add  that  the  Second  Indiana  Regi 
ment,  for  bravery  and  patriotism,  was  not  excelled  by  any  other  on  that 
occasion,  notwithstanding  they,  for  a  short  period  of  time,  retreated  from 
the  fierceness  of  the  action,  but  that  even  was  not  done  only  in  obedience 
to  the  repeated  order  of  their  colonel. 

On  the  morning  of  the  22d  of  February  we  were  informed  that  the 
enemy  were  in  sight,  advancing,  and  at  the  same  time  received  orders  to 
form  our  regiment  for  immediate  action.  Our  regiment  was  quickly 
formed  and  marched  forward  to  a  position  about  one  mile  and  a  half  in 
front  of  our  camp,  occupying  the  extreme  left  of  our  line  of  infantry, 
though  nearly  a  half-mile  in  the  rear  of  the  line.  The  Kentucky  and 
Arkansas  regiments  of  cavalry,  under  Colonels  Marshall  and  Yell,  took 
position  on  the  extreme  left,  near  the  base  of  the  mountain  and  a  little 
in  our  rear;  Colonel  Bissell,  Second  Illinois,  the  next  on  our  right,  though 
nearly  a  half-mile  in  our  front.  The  Second  Indiana  Regiment  and  the 
Kentucky  and  Arkansas  regiments  of  ca